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Gunduz Yasemin - - 2013
The development of thrombus on the tricuspid valve is very rare in adulthood and it needs special attention in clinical practice as it can be confused with vegetation or a tumour. Embolisation due to thrombus may have an acute and unexpected course with a detrimental prognosis and a high death ...
Carels K - - 2013
We report a case of sudden onset of respiratory distress caused by pulmonary edema due to laryngospasm. The diagnosis was established by the clinical context and chest X-ray. A CT-scan was performed to narrow down the differential diagnosis and to confirm the diagnosis. Postextubation pulmonary edema due to laryngospasm is ...
Tsuruta Wataro - - 2013
The intracranial nitinol stent named the Enterprise Vascular Reconstruction Device has poor radiographic visibility. The characteristics of closed-cell intracranial stents were investigated and the efficacy of intraoperative stent visualization examined with the 80 kV high-resolution XperCT protocol, which is a flat detector C-arm volume acquisition functionality system integrated with the ...
Agarwala Sanjay R - - 2013
We report a case of posttraumatic false aneurysm of popliteal artery after a total knee arthroplasty in an 82-year-old woman. This case is characterized by the distinct history of trauma to the popliteal fossa in the immediate postoperative period and the location of false aneurysm. In addition, the clinical symptoms ...
Kuuskne Martin - - 2013
Clinical questionCan an oral regimen of rivaroxaban be used for the treatment of symptomatic pulmonary embolism?Article chosenBüller H, Prins M, Lensing A, et al. Oral rivaroxaban for the treatment of symptomatic pulmonary embolism. N Engl J Med 2012;366:1287-97.ObjectiveTo determine the effectiveness and safety of oral rivaroxaban in the treatment of ...
Bĕlohlávek Jan - - 2013
Pulmonary embolism is an important clinical entity with considerable mortality despite advances in diagnosis and treatment. In the present article, the authors offer a comprehensive review focused mainly on epidemiology, risk factors, risk stratification, pathophysiological considerations and clinical presentation. Diagnosis based on assessment of clinical likelihood, electrocardiography, chest x-ray, D-dimer ...
Nguyen Gerard K - - 2013
The field of reconstructive microsurgery is experiencing tremendous growth, as evidenced by recent advances in face and hand transplantation, lower limb salvage after trauma, and breast reconstruction. Common to all of these procedures is the creation of a nutrient vascular supply by microsurgical anastomosis between a single artery and vein. ...
Qin Xuguang - - 2013
Coronary artery anomalies (CAAs) are present at birth, but are usually asymptomatic and are found during coronary angiography or multi-slice computed tomography (MSCT) detection. The most common coronary anomaly is the separating origin of left anterior descending coronary artery (LAD) and left circumflex artery (LCX) from the left sinus of ...
Inada Satoshi - - 2013
Purpose: Massive calcification complicates the diagnosis of the blood vessel lumen in computed tomography angiography (CTA) of the arteries of the lower extremities. The purpose of this study was to evaluate subtraction CTA with the use of orbital synchronized helical scanning (OS-SCTA). Method: Phantom study: We performed OS-SCTA and non-OSCTA ...
Arcopinto Michele - - 2013
A 59-year-old man with fever was diagnosed with endocarditis due to Streptococcus bovis. Two weeks after antibiotic therapy was started, he presented with red and painful swelling of the forearm without any sign of systemic inflammation. A giant hematoma connected to the radial artery was detected with ultrasound. Surgical intervention ...
Wan Sheng-Yun - - 2013
This study aimed to compare the effects of hemocoagulase atrox and cauterization hemostasis on intimal hyperplasia and explore the effect of hemocoagulase atrox on vascular modeling in rabbit carotid artery adventitia. A total of 27 rabbits were randomly divided into 3 groups (0d, 14d, 28d). They were anaesthetized using an ...
Finsterer Josef J Krankenanstalt Rudolfstiftung, Vienna, - - 2013
This case report documents the affliction of the lymph vessels as a phenotypic feature of neurofibromatosis-1 (NF-1). Routine transthoracic echocardiography, computed tomography scan of the thorax, magnetic resonance angiography of the renal arteries, and conventional digital subtraction angiography were applied. Comprehensive NF-1 mutation analysis was carried out by fluorescence in ...
Maleux Geert G Department of Radiology, UZ Leuven/Department of Imaging & Pathology, KU - - 2013
A 14-year-old girl, with no medical history except for a preterm birth at 7 months, presented with clinical and laboratory signs of pancytopenia. Radiological investigation, including abdominal ultrasound and magnetic resonance imaging revealed a focal irregular main portal vein wall and splenomegaly. Endoscopy showed major esophageal and gastric varices. Definitive ...
Tamura Hirokazu H Department of Medical Radiology, Niigata Neurosurgical Hospital, Niigata, Niigata, - - 2013
Calcification of the internal carotid artery (ICA) hinders accurate evaluation of the stenosis by conventional ultrasonography due to acoustic shadow. We examined the relationship between acceleration time (AcT) and ICA origin stenosis. One hundred thrity seven samples (266 vessels) that enforced duplex ultrasonography in our hospital were targeted. The results ...
Robertson Iain I Department of Radiology, Gartnavel General Hospital, 1053 Great Western Road, Glasgow, UK, G12 - - 2013
Peripheral arterial thrombolysis is used in the management of peripheral arterial ischaemia. Streptokinase was originally used but safety concerns led to a search for other agents. Urokinase and recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (rt-PA) have increasingly become established as first line agents for peripheral arterial thrombolysis. Potential advantages of these agents ...
McKeon Kathleen E KE Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, Missouri, - - 2013
Osteotomies of the fifth metatarsal may disrupt the nutrient artery and result in nonunion. The location of the nutrient artery foramen relative to the location of common osteotomies has not been described. The goal of this study was to describe the vascular supply of the proximal fifth metatarsal, including the ...
Wong Emily Y EY Robarts Research Institute, University of Western Ontario, London, ON, - - 2013
To determine the interrelationship of stenosis grade and ulceration with distal turbulence intensity (TI) in the carotid bifurcation measured using conventional clinical Doppler ultrasound (DUS) in vitro, in order to establish the feasibility of TI as a diagnostic parameter for plaque ulceration. DUS TI was evaluated in a matched set ...
Kelmer G - - 2012
There are no reported studies evaluating the use of erythromycin for regional limb perfusion (RLP) in horses. Our hypothesis was that using the cephalic and saphenous veins for RLP will enable delivery of therapeutic concentrations of erythromycin to the distal limb. Nineteen healthy horses participated in the study. The cephalic, ...
Ohta Shinichi - - 2012
PURPOSE: To evaluate the embolic effect and degradability of gelatin microspheres (GMS) using various degrees of cross-linkage and particle sizes in rabbit renal artery embolization. METHODS: Four types of GMS were used, as follows: 2 types of cross-linkage and 2 types of particle size. Twenty-four rabbits (6 in each group) ...
Marlatt Kara L - - 2012
PURPOSE.: Given the role of arterial wall elasticity in the development of cardiovascular disease, carotid artery compliance and distensibility have been used commonly over the last decade as predictors of cardiovascular risk, although their gender differences remain unknown. The purpose of our study was to evaluate the impact of gender ...
Kawasumi Yusuke - - 2012
Referring to our experience with post-mortem computed tomography (CT), many hypothermic death cases presented a lack of increase in lung-field concentration, blood clotting in the heart, thoracic aorta or pulmonary artery, and urine retention in the bladder. Thus we evaluated the diagnostic performance of post-mortem CT on hypothermic death based ...
Cianfoni Alessandro - - 2012
Presentation of a cerebral aneurysm can be incidental, discovered at imaging obtained for unrelated causes, can occur in the occasion of imaging obtained for symptoms possibly or likely related to the presence of an unruptured aneurysm, or can occur with signs and symptoms at the time of aneurismal rupture. Most ...
Unger Philippe - - 2012
We describe the case of a 64-year-old woman in whom an aneurysm located on the posterior mitral leaflet was detected. Blood cultures grew methicillin-sensitive Staphylococcus epidermidis, and histologic examination of the operative specimen showed polymorphonuclear neutrophilic infiltration of the valve wall associated with fibrin and necrosis, consistent with a diagnosis ...
Algahtani F H - - 2012
Pulmonary embolism (PE) is a common condition in the Emergency Department and its incidence increases exponentially with age [1]. PE remains largely underdiagnosed and inappropriately treated, resulting in suboptimal outcomes. This is partly due to the fact that clinical symptoms and signs are nonspecific [2]. © 2012 International Society on ...
Yoshimachi Fuminobu - - 2012
A 72-year-old male with effort angina pectoris and old myocardial infarction underwent percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). A 4 Fr sheath was inserted in the radial artery. After diagnostic angiography, a guidewire was inserted from the diagnostic catheter. The diagnostic catheter is removed, and the distal tip of the guidewire remains in ...
Cancarevic Djajic Branka - - 2012
The purpose of each antenatal control focuses on the detection and prevention of hypoxic-ischemic injury and fetal death (1)) using modern biophysical tests and Doppler parameters. This study examines the correlation of changes in arterial compared to venous hemodynamics of the fetus and is determined by the most sensitive and ...
Lomas R J - - 2012
The objective of this study was to design and test a protocol for the validation of banking methodologies for arterial allografts. A series of in vitro biomechanical and biological assessments were derived, and applied to paired fresh and banked femoral arteries. The ultimate tensile stress and strain, suture pullout stress ...
Song Ping-Ping - - 2013
The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of different sequences of pulmonary artery and vein ligations during lobectomy on blood micrometastasis of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Cytokeratin 19 (CK19)/adhesion molecule CD44v6 mRNA were used as markers. A total of 30 NSCLC patients undergoing pulmonary lobectomy were ...
Cortés Julia - - 2012
A 50-year-old-man with abdominal pain, who had undergone aortic aneurysm reconstructive surgery (aortic graft) 3 years before, was admitted to the hospital. A CT scan showed findings suggestive of perigraft infection. Scintigraphy with 99mTc-hexamethylpropylene amine oxime (HMPAO)-labeled leukocytes confirmed the diagnosis of aortic graft infection and documented an active concurrent ...
Townsell Marlene Y - - 2012
CLINICAL SUMMARY: A 4-month-old female intact domestic shorthair cat presented to Kansas State University Veterinary Medical Teaching Hospital for investigation of a large, firmly adhered mass in the left mid-cervical region that developed after phlebotomy performed at the referring veterinarian's clinic. Ultrasound examination of the mass revealed a cystic structure ...
Dimopoulos Stavros - - 2012
We describe the case of a 26-year-old man who developed severe aortic valve insufficiency due to a culturenegative endocarditis, leading to severe heart failure. The diagnosis of Bartonella quintana endocarditis was suspected from the clinical presentation and serological immunofluorescence assay, and was confirmed by polymerase chain reaction analysis of excised ...
Kuroda Katsuhiro - - 2012
BACKGROUND:: To visualize blood flow in the arteries and aneurysm during surgery, intravenous fluorescence videoangiography has been used. However, the contrast of image by this procedure is diminished by repeated study, since the dye remains for about 10 minutes after injection. OBJECTIVE:: To determine the optimal dye concentration and clarify ...
Sahiner Levent - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to compare the diagnostic accuracy of 64-slice multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) with conventional coronary angiography to detect graft patency and stenosis. METHODS: In this retrospective analysis, we included a total of 284 subjects (210 men, 73.9%; mean ± SD age, 62.6 ± 9.9) ...
Jin Hongting H Zhejiang Chinese Medical University, Hangzhou, Zhejiang, 310053, - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to observe the effects of marrow mesenchymal stem cell (MSCs) arterial perfusion on vascular repair and angiogenesis in osteonecrosis of the femoral head (ONFH). Twelve healthy male adult Beagle dogs were randomly divided into two groups: group A (the control group) and group B ...
Shah Tejas R - - 2012
Aortocava fistula is a rare condition ranging from 0.22% to 6% of all ruptured aortic aneurysms. Recognition and diagnosis of this entity can often be difficult and requires heightened clinical suspicion to ensure that prompt surgical management leads to a favorable outcome. We herein describe the diagnosis and the technical ...
Williams-Phillips S - - 2012
Aorto-cavitary fistulae are rare complications of infective endocarditis. The diagnosis, in the absence of concomitant aortic valve disease, replacement of aortic valve with homograft or prosthetic valve, periannular abscess and negative blood culture, requires a high index of suspicion and has important prognostic and management significance. The sensitivity of the ...
Oertel Bruno Georg BG pharmazentrum frankfurt/ZAFES, Institute of Clinical Pharmacology, J. W. Goethe-University Hospital, Frankfurt, - - 2012
Arterial blood sampling is necessary when drugs such as the fast-acting opioid analgesic remifentanil exhibit relevant differences between arterial and venous blood concentrations. Arterial cannulation is generally considered to be clinically safe and has thus become a standard procedure in pharmacokinetic-pharmacodynamic assessments. However, rare cases of arterial occlusions have to ...
Zeleňák Kamil - - 2012
Acute superior mesenteric artery (SMA) occlusion is a life-threatening disease, and acute intestinal ischemia develops from the sudden decrease in perfusion to the intestines. The key to saving the patient's life is early diagnosis, and prompt revascularization of the SMA can prevent intestinal infarction and decrease the risk of bowel ...
Salcedo Jonathan D - - 2012
Coronary saphenous vein graft (SVG) rupture during diagnostic angiography is a very rare but known complication of the procedure. It has typically been reported to occur at the site of pseudoaneurysms or secondary to an interventional procedure involving the graft. We present a case of SVG mid-body rupture during diagnostic ...
Wainstein Marco V - - 2012
The present case report refers to the percutaneous treatment of severe left main stem stenosis as a consequence of proliferative in-stent restenosis of left circumflex coronary with retrograde involvement. A reverse mini-crush technique with 2 stents was described. © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Pischke Soeren Erik - - 2012
Hepatic artery (HA) and portal vein (PV) occlusion are the most common vascular complications after liver transplantation with impact on mortality and re-transplantation rate. Detection of severe hypoperfusion may be delayed with currently available diagnostic tools. Hypoperfusion and anaerobically produced lactic acid lead to tissue CO(2) increase.We aimed to investigate ...
Kanakis Meletios A - - 2012
Histological changes of the lungs were studied after the establishment of a modified total cavopulmonary connection (TCPC) without the use of cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) or other means of temporary bypass on a swine model. 8 open chest-anesthetized pigs Landrace x Large White pigs (mean weight 43kg, mean age 4.5 months) ...
Miyatani Masae - - 2012
Pulse wave velocity (PWV), which reflects arterial stiffness, is an important predictor of future coronary artery disease. The test-retest reliability of PWV has not been investigated in people with spinal cord injury (SCI). To report the test-retest (day-to-day) reliability of PWV measurements among people with SCI, and to determine the ...
Wei Jeng - - 2012
Percutaneous closure of secundum atrial defects has become an accepted treatment in part because it is minimally invasive and relatively low risk. Despite recent advances in implantation technique and device improvements, complications occur. Here, we report a case of device embolization during percutaneous repair of an atrial septal defect (ASD) ...
Nitta Norihisa - - 2012
Abstract Purpose: To evaluate the embolic effect and degradability of gelatin microspheres (GMS) and Gelpart particles (GPS) in dogs subjected to hepatic embolization. Material and methods: We subjected 20 beagles to embolization of the hepatic artery (HA) and assessed the embolic effects of GMS measuring 500 μm in dry and ...
Kobayashi Daisuke - - 2012
Temporary relief of obstructed total anomalous pulmonary venous connection (TAPVC) may stabilize the pre-operative clinical status. We report a 1.4 kg infant with obstructed supracardiac TAPVC to right sided superior vena cava, double outlet right ventricle, pulmonary atresia, major aortopulmonary collateral arteries, and atrioventricular septal defect. A palliative percutaneous stent ...
Azevedo Eduardo P - - 2013
The development of intimal hyperplasia is the major cause of failure of both autologous saphenous vein and synthetic coronary artery bypass grafts. This is partially due to graft-host vessel compliance mismatch. Cellulose and chitosan (CELL:CHIT) are both biocompatible, nontoxic, and naturally occurring biopolymers that have been used extensively for biomedical ...
Dumaswala Bhavin - - 2012
We present an adult with metastatic carcinoid disease affecting the heart, in whom live/real time three-dimensional transthoracic echocardiography (3DTTE) provided incremental value over two-dimensional transthoracic echocardiography (2DTTE). Initial 2DTTE was able to demonstrate severe pulmonic and tricuspid regurgitation, but was unable to visualize the posterior leaflet of the tricuspid valve ...
Hassan H Abu - - 2012
Technetium (99mTc) exametazime (hexamethylpropyleneamine oxime, HMPAO) labeled leukocyte scintigraphy is mainly used to exclude occult infection in our institution. On review of previously published article, no case of popliteal venous aneurysm was ever diagnosed and detected on labeled leukocyte scintigraphy. We present a rare case of popliteal venous aneurysm which ...
Hung Po-Cheng - - 2012
Mitochondrial diseases are a group of disorders caused by pathologic dysfunction of the mitochondrial respiratory chain that present with a wide range of clinical expression. Cardiorespiratory complications have previously been described in association with mitochondrial disease; however, pulmonary hypertension has rarely been reported. Pulmonary hypertension is characterized by elevated pulmonary ...
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