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Results 101 - 150 of 1708
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Høyer Christian - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) can be diagnosed noninvasively by segmental blood pressure measurement and calculating an ankle-brachial index (ABI) or toe-brachial index (TBI). The ABI is known to be unreliable in patients with vascular stiffness and fails to detect the early phase of arteriosclerotic development. The toe vessels are ...
Alaswad Khaldoon - - 2013
We present a case of symptomatic carotid artery thrombosis treated with catheter intervention under proximal occlusion and flow reversal embolic protection. Although catheter intervention is contraindicated in carotid artery thrombosis due to the risk of distal embolization, the introduction of proximal occlusion embolic protection devices allow interventionalists to use catheter ...
Jung Chang Hee - - 2013
Despite the noninvasiveness and accuracy of multidetector computed tomography (MDCT), its use as a routine screening tool for occult coronary atherosclerosis is unclear. We investigated whether the ratio of apolipoprotein B (apoB) to apolipoprotein A1 (apoA1), an indicator of the balance between atherogenic and atheroprotective cholesterol transport could predict occult ...
Steverlynck L L Heilig Hart hospital, Roeselare, Belgium. - - 2013
Along with greater life-expectancy, the prevalence of aortic aneurysm and its infected complicated variant increases. We present the case of a mycotic aortic aneurysm. Mycotic aneurysms represent only between 0.7% and 2.6% of all aortic aneurysms. It is a highly lethal variant of the classical aortic aneurysm in which death ...
Barros Ana Raquel Gonçalves de AR Portuguese Red Cross, School of Health, Lisbon, Portugal. - - 2013
To investigate the presence of airway obstruction by determining the FEV1/FVC and FEV1/slow vital capacity (SVC) ratios. This was a quantitative, retrospective cross-sectional study. The sample comprised 1,084 individuals who underwent spirometry and plethysmography in a central hospital in Lisbon, Portugal. The study sample was stratified into six groups, by ...
Ma Luyao - - 2013
INTRODUCTIONPulmonary embolism(PE) may be a life-threatening condition, which needs immediate medical intervention. Early detection plays an important role in improving the survival rate. However, Pulmonary embolism is a difficult diagnosis that may be missed because of non-specific clinical presentation. According to guidelines on the diagnosis and management of acute pulmonary ...
Nedorost Lukáš - - 2013
Pulmonary artery banding (PAB) is used as a surgical palliation to reduce excessive pulmonary blood flow caused by congenital heart defects. Due to the lack of microscopic studies dealing with the tissue remodeling caused by contemporary PAB materials, this study aimed to assess histologic changes associated with PAB surgery by ...
Damodharan Karthik - - 2013
This article describes an endovascular technique of treating an infected pseudoaneurysm by direct thrombin injection via a catheter placed inside the aneurysm sac while maintaining temporary balloon occlusion of the neck of the false aneurysm.
Orihashi Kazumasa - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Despite a reduced incidence of false lumen perfusion with preferential use of axillary arterial perfusion in acute type A aortic dissection, malperfusion remains a major cause of operative mortality and sequelae. The incidence of unpredictable malperfusion and its mechanism were examined. METHODS: We examined the 59 consecutive cases of ...
Nollen G J - - 2013
We present a coincidental finding of quadricuspid pulmonary valve and left pulmonary artery aneurysm. As both the pulmonary valve and the pulmonary trunk with its main branches are hard to visualise with cardiac ultrasound, most abnormalities described so far are from autopsy series. With the increasing use of CMR and ...
Gory B - - 2013
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE:Five commercial devices are available for mechanical thrombectomy in acute ischemic stroke. This study evaluated and compared the resultant arterial damage from these devices.MATERIALS AND METHODS:Wall damage after 4 wall-contact devices (the Merci retriever, Catch thromboembolectomy system, and Solitaire FR revascularization devices of 4 and 6 mm) and ...
Zhang Xiao-Bin - - 2013
Invasive pulmonary aspergillosis (IPA) is difficult to diagnose in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). The aim of this study was to evaluate whether detection of galactomannan (GM) in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) might be a useful means of making the diagnosis. Patients with COPD and new pulmonary infiltrates were enrolled. ...
Molacek Jiri - - 2013
PURPOSES: A ruptured AAA (rAAA) is a common cause of death in males over 60 years of age, and the global mortality from rAAA exceeds 80 %. The pathological processes occurring in the wall of the developing AAA are still unclear. The potential pathophysiological mechanisms underlying aortic aneurysms have been examined by ...
Tao Wang - - 2013
Endovenous radiofrequency ablation (RFA) has been introduced as a less invasive alternative to traditional surgery for varicose veins, but vein thrombosis after RFA remains a concern. This study investigated the influence of endovenous RFA on coagulable states of canine blood, and changes in the vein wall and lumen. Eight canines ...
Nogradi Nora - - 2013
A 5-week-old foal was evaluated for fever and hematuria of 3 days duration. Cystoscopy localized the blood to be originating from the left ureter. Abdominal ultrasonography revealed left hydronephrosis, hydroureter, and omphaloarteritis of the left umbilical artery with abscess formation that communicated with an arterial structure. Computed tomography (CT) revealed ...
Wittenberg Rianne - - 2013
PURPOSE:: To assess the effect of computer-assisted detection (CAD) on diagnostic accuracy, reader confidence, and reading time when used as a concurrent reader for the detection of acute pulmonary embolism in computed tomography pulmonary angiography. MATERIALS AND METHODS:: In this institutional review board-approved retrospective study, 6 observers with varying experience ...
Ni Wei - - 2013
OBJECT: Multidetector computed tomographic angiography (MDCTA) has played an increasing role in detecting cerebral aneurysms. This study was performed to investigate the diagnostic accuracy of the upgraded 256-row MDCTA in the detection of cerebral aneurysms. METHODS: We identified 93 patients who had undergone both MDCTA and digital subtraction angiography (DSA) ...
Estornell-Erill Jordi - - 2013
This case shows a rare complication of a migrated atrial lead into the pulmonary artery incidentally detected during a comprehensive evaluation of coronary CT angiography.
Gürbüzler Levent - - 2013
Tonsillectomy is one of the most common performed surgical procedures in childhood. Tortuosity of the internal carotid artery (ICA) is an anatomical variation of the course of the ICA, and can be seen at any levels along the course of the artery, even in lateral oropharyngeal wall. In this article, ...
Seung Won-Bae - - 2013
Septic internal jugular vein-sigmoid sinus thrombosis (IJV-SST) associated with a malpositioned central venous catheter is a rare condition. It is potentially life-threatening and necessitates early diagnosis and rapid administration of appropriate medications. Unfortunately, it is difficult to diagnose due to vague clinical presentations. Several studies such as CT, MRI, and ...
Pennardt Andre - - 2013
High-altitude pulmonary edema (HAPE) is a lethal, noncardiogenic form of pulmonary edema that afflicts susceptible individuals after rapid ascent to high altitude above 2,500 m. Prevention of HAPE is achieved most effectively by gradual ascent allowing time for proper acclimatization. Certain prophylactic medications may further reduce the risk of ascending ...
Ajduk Marko - - 2013
This study compared sensitivity and specificity of multidetector-row computed tomography and duplex Doppler ultrasonography in detecting atherosclerotic carotid plaques complicated with intraplaque hemorrhage. Carotid plaques from 50 patients operated for carotid artery stenosis were analyzed. Carotid endarterectomy was performed within one week of diagnostic evaluation. Results of multidetector-row computed tomography ...
Pontes José Carlos Dorsa Vieira - - 2013
Woman, 84 years-old, with Stanford type A thoracic aortic dissection committing aortic arch and descending aorta. Proposed and accepted endovascular treatment according to the severity of the clinical picture. Common femoral artery dissection bilaterally was done. Aortography confirmed the exclusion of the false lumen and patency of the coronary ostia.
Bolognese Manuel - - 2013
We investigated whether real-time ultrasound perfusion imaging (rt-UPI) is able to detect perfusion changes related to arterial recanalization in the acute phase of middle cerebral artery (MCA) stroke. Twenty-four patients with acute territorial MCA stroke were examined with rt-UPI and transcranial color-coded duplex ultrasound (TCCD). Ultrasound studies were consecutively performed ...
Mahendra Jaideep - - 2013
AIM: The objective of the present study was to detect the presence of Porphyromonas gingivalis (fimA), Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans, and red complex in the coronary plaque of patients with coronary artery disease. METHODS: The study population consisted of 51 patients with chronic periodontitis undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting. DNA was extracted ...
D'Aloia Antonio - - 2013
We describe a case that demonstrates and confirms the usefulness of 3D transesophageal echocardiography in the morphological analysis of the mitral valve in a rare occurrence of postrheumatic mitral leaflet perforation.
Ezhumalai Babu - - 2013
We aimed to compare Ankle-brachial index (ABI) and Carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT) as surrogate markers of significant coronary atherosclerosis in South Indians with coronary artery disease (CAD). There were two groups: CAD group (n = 59) and Control group (n = 55). Mean ABI (0.82 ± 0.06 vs. 1.16 ± 0.11, p < 0.0001) and mean CIMT (0.74 ± 0.22 mm vs. 0.45 ± 0.09 mm, ...
D'Antonio Francesco - - 2013
The aim of this study was to compare time-domain waveform analysis of second-trimester uterine artery Doppler using the resistance index (RI) with waveform analysis using a mathematical tool known as wavelet transform for the prediction of pre-eclampsia (PE). This was a retrospective, nested case-cohort study of 336 women, 37 of ...
Bihari P - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: Abdominal aortic aneurysm rupture is caused by mechanical vascular tissue failure. Although mechanical properties within the aneurysm vary, currently available ultrasound methods assess only one cross-sectional segment of the aorta. This study aims to establish real-time 3-dimensional (3D) speckle tracking ultrasound to explore local displacement and strain parameters of ...
Itoda Yoshifumi - - 2013
A 46-year-old man had undergone aortic valve replacement for aortic regurgitation due to active infective endocarditis in 2006. He had been followed by transthoracic echocardiography revealing results within normal limits except for a subannular depressed scar. In 2010, a giant left ventricular pseudoaneurysm was detected on three-dimensional computed tomography. We ...
Pyrgakis Panagiotis - - 2013
Variations concerning the origin and course of the suprascapular artery are numerous and present important clinical implications. In the present study the origin and course of the suprascapular artery are investigated in a sample of Greek (Caucasian) origin. The anatomy and course of the suprascapular artery were carefully examined in ...
Raets Marlou Ma - - 2013
Cranial ultrasonography including colour Doppler can detect neonatal carotid flow problems at an early stage, even before symptoms occur. Different pathogeneses can be identified. The condition is more frequent than previously reported. If the circle of Willis is fully developed, this can prevent brain injury even in case of total ...
Sugita Shukei - - 2013
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: An aortic aneurysm is a local dilation of the aorta, which tends to expand and often results in a fatal rupture. Although larger aneurysms have a greater risk of rupture, some small aneurysms also rupture. Since the mechanism of aortic rupture is not well understood, clarification of the ...
Mamatha H - - 2013
Introduction: Proficiency in the anatomy of coronary arteries and their variations is important for proper interpretation of coronary angiographies. The left coronary artery (LCA) commonly originates at the level of the left posterior aortic sinus and normally bifurcates into the anterior interventricular artery and circumflex artery. This study aimed to ...
Huang S Grace - - 2013
The objective of this study is to compare intraoperative endoleak detection by carbon dioxide digital subtraction angiography (CO(2)-DSA) during endovascular aortic aneurysm repair (EVAR) with standard iodinated contrast angiography (ICA). Between 2006 and 2010, 76 patients with abdominal aortic aneurysms undergoing EVAR were enrolled in a prospective study. After EVAR, ...
Choy K W - - 2013
Background and Objective. Femoral nerve (FN) is the largest branch of lumbar plexus. It lies lateral to femoral artery (FA) and it is located outside the femoral sheath. Profunda femoris artery (PFA) is a branch of the FA. The present study aimed to observe the topographical anatomy and relationship of ...
Brecht Ralf - - 2013
Transcatheter aortic valve implantation gained clinical relevance with an impressive and peerless power; however, the procedure induces unsolved complications such as paravalvular leakage, occlusion of coronary ostia, and vascular complications. The safe removal of bulky calcified valves will improve the outcome, well known through the open surgical procedure. In this ...
Liu Chengwei - - 2013
The aim of this study was to detect the inhibitory action of the early growth response gene-1 DNA enzyme (EDRz) as a carrying agent by liposomes on vascular smooth muscle cell proliferation and intimal hyperplasia. An autogenous vein graft model was established. EDRz was transfected to the graft vein. The ...
Fok Patrick T - - 2013
Clinical questionAre four common clinical decision rules, in combination with normal D-dimer results, comparable in their ability to clinically exclude the diagnosis of pulmonary embolism?Article chosenDouma RA, Mos ICM, Erkens PMG, et al. Performance of 4 clinical decision rules in the diagnostic management of acute pulmonary embolism: a prospective cohort ...
Zhao Quan-Ming - - 2013
Detection of vulnerable plaques could be clinically significant in the prevention of cardiovascular events. We aimed to compare Fluorine-18 fluorodeoxyglucose ((18)F-FDG) uptake in vulnerable and stable plaques, and investigate the feasibility of predicting thrombosis events using Positron Emission Tomography/Computed Tomography (PET/CT) angiography. Atherosclerosis was induced in 23 male New Zealand ...
Yuan Falei - - 2013
Detection of microvascular changes in experimental stroke models is limited by current technologies. Using state-of-the-art synchrotron radiation (SR), we explored the feasibility of detecting the normal morphological variations of lenticulostriate arteries (LSAs) and the changes to LSAs following middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO). Cerebral microvessels of ICR mice were imaged ...
Masters Kyle - - 2013
Pulmonary veno-occlusive disease (PVOD) is a rare and challenging cause of pulmonary hypertension. Clinical presentation is non-specific, including dyspnoea, cough and fatigue. Diagnosis of PVOD is typically based on high clinical suspicion with a definitive diagnosis confirmed by histology. Our case involves a healthy 21-year-old man who developed dyspnoea on ...
Gunduz Yasemin - - 2013
The development of thrombus on the tricuspid valve is very rare in adulthood and it needs special attention in clinical practice as it can be confused with vegetation or a tumour. Embolisation due to thrombus may have an acute and unexpected course with a detrimental prognosis and a high death ...
McKeon Kathleen E - - 2013
Background: Osteotomies of the fifth metatarsal may disrupt the nutrient artery and result in nonunion. The location of the nutrient artery foramen relative to the location of common osteotomies has not been described. The goal of this study was to describe the vascular supply of the proximal fifth metatarsal, including ...
Carels K - - 2013
We report a case of sudden onset of respiratory distress caused by pulmonary edema due to laryngospasm. The diagnosis was established by the clinical context and chest X-ray. A CT-scan was performed to narrow down the differential diagnosis and to confirm the diagnosis. Postextubation pulmonary edema due to laryngospasm is ...
Tsuruta Wataro - - 2013
The intracranial nitinol stent named the Enterprise Vascular Reconstruction Device has poor radiographic visibility. The characteristics of closed-cell intracranial stents were investigated and the efficacy of intraoperative stent visualization examined with the 80 kV high-resolution XperCT protocol, which is a flat detector C-arm volume acquisition functionality system integrated with the ...
Agarwala Sanjay R - - 2013
We report a case of posttraumatic false aneurysm of popliteal artery after a total knee arthroplasty in an 82-year-old woman. This case is characterized by the distinct history of trauma to the popliteal fossa in the immediate postoperative period and the location of false aneurysm. In addition, the clinical symptoms ...
Kuuskne Martin - - 2013
Clinical questionCan an oral regimen of rivaroxaban be used for the treatment of symptomatic pulmonary embolism?Article chosenBüller H, Prins M, Lensing A, et al. Oral rivaroxaban for the treatment of symptomatic pulmonary embolism. N Engl J Med 2012;366:1287-97.ObjectiveTo determine the effectiveness and safety of oral rivaroxaban in the treatment of ...
BÄ•lohlávek Jan - - 2013
Pulmonary embolism is an important clinical entity with considerable mortality despite advances in diagnosis and treatment. In the present article, the authors offer a comprehensive review focused mainly on epidemiology, risk factors, risk stratification, pathophysiological considerations and clinical presentation. Diagnosis based on assessment of clinical likelihood, electrocardiography, chest x-ray, D-dimer ...
Nguyen Gerard K - - 2013
The field of reconstructive microsurgery is experiencing tremendous growth, as evidenced by recent advances in face and hand transplantation, lower limb salvage after trauma, and breast reconstruction. Common to all of these procedures is the creation of a nutrient vascular supply by microsurgical anastomosis between a single artery and vein. ...
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