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Mahendra Jaideep - - 2013
AIM: The objective of the present study was to detect the presence of Porphyromonas gingivalis (fimA), Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans, and red complex in the coronary plaque of patients with coronary artery disease. METHODS: The study population consisted of 51 patients with chronic periodontitis undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting. DNA was extracted ...
D'Aloia Antonio - - 2013
We describe a case that demonstrates and confirms the usefulness of 3D transesophageal echocardiography in the morphological analysis of the mitral valve in a rare occurrence of postrheumatic mitral leaflet perforation.
Ezhumalai Babu - - 2013
We aimed to compare Ankle-brachial index (ABI) and Carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT) as surrogate markers of significant coronary atherosclerosis in South Indians with coronary artery disease (CAD). There were two groups: CAD group (n = 59) and Control group (n = 55). Mean ABI (0.82 ± 0.06 vs. 1.16 ± 0.11, p < 0.0001) and mean CIMT (0.74 ± 0.22 mm vs. 0.45 ± 0.09 mm, ...
D'Antonio Francesco - - 2013
The aim of this study was to compare time-domain waveform analysis of second-trimester uterine artery Doppler using the resistance index (RI) with waveform analysis using a mathematical tool known as wavelet transform for the prediction of pre-eclampsia (PE). This was a retrospective, nested case-cohort study of 336 women, 37 of ...
Bihari P - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: Abdominal aortic aneurysm rupture is caused by mechanical vascular tissue failure. Although mechanical properties within the aneurysm vary, currently available ultrasound methods assess only one cross-sectional segment of the aorta. This study aims to establish real-time 3-dimensional (3D) speckle tracking ultrasound to explore local displacement and strain parameters of ...
Itoda Yoshifumi - - 2013
A 46-year-old man had undergone aortic valve replacement for aortic regurgitation due to active infective endocarditis in 2006. He had been followed by transthoracic echocardiography revealing results within normal limits except for a subannular depressed scar. In 2010, a giant left ventricular pseudoaneurysm was detected on three-dimensional computed tomography. We ...
Pyrgakis Panagiotis - - 2013
Variations concerning the origin and course of the suprascapular artery are numerous and present important clinical implications. In the present study the origin and course of the suprascapular artery are investigated in a sample of Greek (Caucasian) origin. The anatomy and course of the suprascapular artery were carefully examined in ...
Raets Marlou Ma - - 2013
Cranial ultrasonography including colour Doppler can detect neonatal carotid flow problems at an early stage, even before symptoms occur. Different pathogeneses can be identified. The condition is more frequent than previously reported. If the circle of Willis is fully developed, this can prevent brain injury even in case of total ...
Sugita Shukei - - 2013
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: An aortic aneurysm is a local dilation of the aorta, which tends to expand and often results in a fatal rupture. Although larger aneurysms have a greater risk of rupture, some small aneurysms also rupture. Since the mechanism of aortic rupture is not well understood, clarification of the ...
Mamatha H - - 2013
Introduction: Proficiency in the anatomy of coronary arteries and their variations is important for proper interpretation of coronary angiographies. The left coronary artery (LCA) commonly originates at the level of the left posterior aortic sinus and normally bifurcates into the anterior interventricular artery and circumflex artery. This study aimed to ...
Huang S Grace - - 2013
The objective of this study is to compare intraoperative endoleak detection by carbon dioxide digital subtraction angiography (CO(2)-DSA) during endovascular aortic aneurysm repair (EVAR) with standard iodinated contrast angiography (ICA). Between 2006 and 2010, 76 patients with abdominal aortic aneurysms undergoing EVAR were enrolled in a prospective study. After EVAR, ...
Choy K W - - 2013
Background and Objective. Femoral nerve (FN) is the largest branch of lumbar plexus. It lies lateral to femoral artery (FA) and it is located outside the femoral sheath. Profunda femoris artery (PFA) is a branch of the FA. The present study aimed to observe the topographical anatomy and relationship of ...
Brecht Ralf - - 2013
Transcatheter aortic valve implantation gained clinical relevance with an impressive and peerless power; however, the procedure induces unsolved complications such as paravalvular leakage, occlusion of coronary ostia, and vascular complications. The safe removal of bulky calcified valves will improve the outcome, well known through the open surgical procedure. In this ...
Liu Chengwei - - 2013
The aim of this study was to detect the inhibitory action of the early growth response gene-1 DNA enzyme (EDRz) as a carrying agent by liposomes on vascular smooth muscle cell proliferation and intimal hyperplasia. An autogenous vein graft model was established. EDRz was transfected to the graft vein. The ...
Fok Patrick T - - 2013
Clinical questionAre four common clinical decision rules, in combination with normal D-dimer results, comparable in their ability to clinically exclude the diagnosis of pulmonary embolism?Article chosenDouma RA, Mos ICM, Erkens PMG, et al. Performance of 4 clinical decision rules in the diagnostic management of acute pulmonary embolism: a prospective cohort ...
Zhao Quan-Ming - - 2013
Detection of vulnerable plaques could be clinically significant in the prevention of cardiovascular events. We aimed to compare Fluorine-18 fluorodeoxyglucose ((18)F-FDG) uptake in vulnerable and stable plaques, and investigate the feasibility of predicting thrombosis events using Positron Emission Tomography/Computed Tomography (PET/CT) angiography. Atherosclerosis was induced in 23 male New Zealand ...
Yuan Falei - - 2013
Detection of microvascular changes in experimental stroke models is limited by current technologies. Using state-of-the-art synchrotron radiation (SR), we explored the feasibility of detecting the normal morphological variations of lenticulostriate arteries (LSAs) and the changes to LSAs following middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO). Cerebral microvessels of ICR mice were imaged ...
Masters Kyle - - 2013
Pulmonary veno-occlusive disease (PVOD) is a rare and challenging cause of pulmonary hypertension. Clinical presentation is non-specific, including dyspnoea, cough and fatigue. Diagnosis of PVOD is typically based on high clinical suspicion with a definitive diagnosis confirmed by histology. Our case involves a healthy 21-year-old man who developed dyspnoea on ...
Gunduz Yasemin - - 2013
The development of thrombus on the tricuspid valve is very rare in adulthood and it needs special attention in clinical practice as it can be confused with vegetation or a tumour. Embolisation due to thrombus may have an acute and unexpected course with a detrimental prognosis and a high death ...
McKeon Kathleen E - - 2013
Background: Osteotomies of the fifth metatarsal may disrupt the nutrient artery and result in nonunion. The location of the nutrient artery foramen relative to the location of common osteotomies has not been described. The goal of this study was to describe the vascular supply of the proximal fifth metatarsal, including ...
Carels K - - 2013
We report a case of sudden onset of respiratory distress caused by pulmonary edema due to laryngospasm. The diagnosis was established by the clinical context and chest X-ray. A CT-scan was performed to narrow down the differential diagnosis and to confirm the diagnosis. Postextubation pulmonary edema due to laryngospasm is ...
Tsuruta Wataro - - 2013
The intracranial nitinol stent named the Enterprise Vascular Reconstruction Device has poor radiographic visibility. The characteristics of closed-cell intracranial stents were investigated and the efficacy of intraoperative stent visualization examined with the 80 kV high-resolution XperCT protocol, which is a flat detector C-arm volume acquisition functionality system integrated with the ...
Agarwala Sanjay R - - 2013
We report a case of posttraumatic false aneurysm of popliteal artery after a total knee arthroplasty in an 82-year-old woman. This case is characterized by the distinct history of trauma to the popliteal fossa in the immediate postoperative period and the location of false aneurysm. In addition, the clinical symptoms ...
Kuuskne Martin - - 2013
Clinical questionCan an oral regimen of rivaroxaban be used for the treatment of symptomatic pulmonary embolism?Article chosenBüller H, Prins M, Lensing A, et al. Oral rivaroxaban for the treatment of symptomatic pulmonary embolism. N Engl J Med 2012;366:1287-97.ObjectiveTo determine the effectiveness and safety of oral rivaroxaban in the treatment of ...
BÄ•lohlávek Jan - - 2013
Pulmonary embolism is an important clinical entity with considerable mortality despite advances in diagnosis and treatment. In the present article, the authors offer a comprehensive review focused mainly on epidemiology, risk factors, risk stratification, pathophysiological considerations and clinical presentation. Diagnosis based on assessment of clinical likelihood, electrocardiography, chest x-ray, D-dimer ...
Nguyen Gerard K - - 2013
The field of reconstructive microsurgery is experiencing tremendous growth, as evidenced by recent advances in face and hand transplantation, lower limb salvage after trauma, and breast reconstruction. Common to all of these procedures is the creation of a nutrient vascular supply by microsurgical anastomosis between a single artery and vein. ...
Qin Xuguang - - 2013
Coronary artery anomalies (CAAs) are present at birth, but are usually asymptomatic and are found during coronary angiography or multi-slice computed tomography (MSCT) detection. The most common coronary anomaly is the separating origin of left anterior descending coronary artery (LAD) and left circumflex artery (LCX) from the left sinus of ...
Inada Satoshi - - 2013
Purpose: Massive calcification complicates the diagnosis of the blood vessel lumen in computed tomography angiography (CTA) of the arteries of the lower extremities. The purpose of this study was to evaluate subtraction CTA with the use of orbital synchronized helical scanning (OS-SCTA). Method: Phantom study: We performed OS-SCTA and non-OSCTA ...
Arcopinto Michele - - 2013
A 59-year-old man with fever was diagnosed with endocarditis due to Streptococcus bovis. Two weeks after antibiotic therapy was started, he presented with red and painful swelling of the forearm without any sign of systemic inflammation. A giant hematoma connected to the radial artery was detected with ultrasound. Surgical intervention ...
Wan Sheng-Yun - - 2013
This study aimed to compare the effects of hemocoagulase atrox and cauterization hemostasis on intimal hyperplasia and explore the effect of hemocoagulase atrox on vascular modeling in rabbit carotid artery adventitia. A total of 27 rabbits were randomly divided into 3 groups (0d, 14d, 28d). They were anaesthetized using an ...
Finsterer Josef J Krankenanstalt Rudolfstiftung, Vienna, - - 2013
This case report documents the affliction of the lymph vessels as a phenotypic feature of neurofibromatosis-1 (NF-1). Routine transthoracic echocardiography, computed tomography scan of the thorax, magnetic resonance angiography of the renal arteries, and conventional digital subtraction angiography were applied. Comprehensive NF-1 mutation analysis was carried out by fluorescence in ...
Maleux Geert G Department of Radiology, UZ Leuven/Department of Imaging & Pathology, KU - - 2013
A 14-year-old girl, with no medical history except for a preterm birth at 7 months, presented with clinical and laboratory signs of pancytopenia. Radiological investigation, including abdominal ultrasound and magnetic resonance imaging revealed a focal irregular main portal vein wall and splenomegaly. Endoscopy showed major esophageal and gastric varices. Definitive ...
Tamura Hirokazu H Department of Medical Radiology, Niigata Neurosurgical Hospital, Niigata, Niigata, - - 2013
Calcification of the internal carotid artery (ICA) hinders accurate evaluation of the stenosis by conventional ultrasonography due to acoustic shadow. We examined the relationship between acceleration time (AcT) and ICA origin stenosis. One hundred thrity seven samples (266 vessels) that enforced duplex ultrasonography in our hospital were targeted. The results ...
Wong Emily Y - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: To determine the interrelationship of stenosis grade and ulceration with distal turbulence intensity (TI) in the carotid bifurcation measured using conventional clinical Doppler ultrasound (DUS) in vitro, in order to establish the feasibility of TI as a diagnostic parameter for plaque ulceration. METHODS: DUS TI was evaluated in a ...
Kelmer G - - 2012
There are no reported studies evaluating the use of erythromycin for regional limb perfusion (RLP) in horses. Our hypothesis was that using the cephalic and saphenous veins for RLP will enable delivery of therapeutic concentrations of erythromycin to the distal limb. Nineteen healthy horses participated in the study. The cephalic, ...
Ohta Shinichi - - 2012
PURPOSE: To evaluate the embolic effect and degradability of gelatin microspheres (GMS) using various degrees of cross-linkage and particle sizes in rabbit renal artery embolization. METHODS: Four types of GMS were used, as follows: 2 types of cross-linkage and 2 types of particle size. Twenty-four rabbits (6 in each group) ...
Marlatt Kara L - - 2012
PURPOSE.: Given the role of arterial wall elasticity in the development of cardiovascular disease, carotid artery compliance and distensibility have been used commonly over the last decade as predictors of cardiovascular risk, although their gender differences remain unknown. The purpose of our study was to evaluate the impact of gender ...
Kawasumi Yusuke - - 2012
Referring to our experience with post-mortem computed tomography (CT), many hypothermic death cases presented a lack of increase in lung-field concentration, blood clotting in the heart, thoracic aorta or pulmonary artery, and urine retention in the bladder. Thus we evaluated the diagnostic performance of post-mortem CT on hypothermic death based ...
Cianfoni Alessandro - - 2012
Presentation of a cerebral aneurysm can be incidental, discovered at imaging obtained for unrelated causes, can occur in the occasion of imaging obtained for symptoms possibly or likely related to the presence of an unruptured aneurysm, or can occur with signs and symptoms at the time of aneurismal rupture. Most ...
Unger Philippe - - 2012
We describe the case of a 64-year-old woman in whom an aneurysm located on the posterior mitral leaflet was detected. Blood cultures grew methicillin-sensitive Staphylococcus epidermidis, and histologic examination of the operative specimen showed polymorphonuclear neutrophilic infiltration of the valve wall associated with fibrin and necrosis, consistent with a diagnosis ...
Algahtani F H - - 2012
Pulmonary embolism (PE) is a common condition in the Emergency Department and its incidence increases exponentially with age [1]. PE remains largely underdiagnosed and inappropriately treated, resulting in suboptimal outcomes. This is partly due to the fact that clinical symptoms and signs are nonspecific [2]. © 2012 International Society on ...
Yoshimachi Fuminobu - - 2012
A 72-year-old male with effort angina pectoris and old myocardial infarction underwent percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). A 4 Fr sheath was inserted in the radial artery. After diagnostic angiography, a guidewire was inserted from the diagnostic catheter. The diagnostic catheter is removed, and the distal tip of the guidewire remains in ...
Cancarevic Djajic Branka - - 2012
The purpose of each antenatal control focuses on the detection and prevention of hypoxic-ischemic injury and fetal death (1)) using modern biophysical tests and Doppler parameters. This study examines the correlation of changes in arterial compared to venous hemodynamics of the fetus and is determined by the most sensitive and ...
Lomas R J - - 2012
The objective of this study was to design and test a protocol for the validation of banking methodologies for arterial allografts. A series of in vitro biomechanical and biological assessments were derived, and applied to paired fresh and banked femoral arteries. The ultimate tensile stress and strain, suture pullout stress ...
Song Ping-Ping - - 2013
The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of different sequences of pulmonary artery and vein ligations during lobectomy on blood micrometastasis of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Cytokeratin 19 (CK19)/adhesion molecule CD44v6 mRNA were used as markers. A total of 30 NSCLC patients undergoing pulmonary lobectomy were ...
Cortés Julia - - 2012
A 50-year-old-man with abdominal pain, who had undergone aortic aneurysm reconstructive surgery (aortic graft) 3 years before, was admitted to the hospital. A CT scan showed findings suggestive of perigraft infection. Scintigraphy with 99mTc-hexamethylpropylene amine oxime (HMPAO)-labeled leukocytes confirmed the diagnosis of aortic graft infection and documented an active concurrent ...
Townsell Marlene Y - - 2012
CLINICAL SUMMARY: A 4-month-old female intact domestic shorthair cat presented to Kansas State University Veterinary Medical Teaching Hospital for investigation of a large, firmly adhered mass in the left mid-cervical region that developed after phlebotomy performed at the referring veterinarian's clinic. Ultrasound examination of the mass revealed a cystic structure ...
Dimopoulos Stavros - - 2012
We describe the case of a 26-year-old man who developed severe aortic valve insufficiency due to a culturenegative endocarditis, leading to severe heart failure. The diagnosis of Bartonella quintana endocarditis was suspected from the clinical presentation and serological immunofluorescence assay, and was confirmed by polymerase chain reaction analysis of excised ...
Kuroda Katsuhiro - - 2012
BACKGROUND:: To visualize blood flow in the arteries and aneurysm during surgery, intravenous fluorescence videoangiography has been used. However, the contrast of image by this procedure is diminished by repeated study, since the dye remains for about 10 minutes after injection. OBJECTIVE:: To determine the optimal dye concentration and clarify ...
Sahiner Levent - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to compare the diagnostic accuracy of 64-slice multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) with conventional coronary angiography to detect graft patency and stenosis. METHODS: In this retrospective analysis, we included a total of 284 subjects (210 men, 73.9%; mean ± SD age, 62.6 ± 9.9) ...
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