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Park Jane J JJ Department of Medicine (Rheumatology), University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, - - 2014
The prevalence of urate crystals in residual tissue samples from coronary arteries, aortic valves and prostate glands was assessed. Alcohol-fixed coronary arteries from 55 explanted hearts, alcohol-fixed aortic valves collected from 75 valve replacement surgeries and 40 frozen, unfixed prostate specimens resected during cancer surgery were examined for birefringent crystals ...
Drożdż Katarzyna K Regional Specialized Hospital in Wroclaw, Research and Development Center, Wroclaw, Poland; Department of Internal Medicine, 4th Military Hospital, Wroclaw, - - 2013
Nogo-B (Reticulon 4B) is considered to be a novel vascular marker, which may have a protective role in injury-induced neointima formation and atherosclerosis. Nogo A/B is found to be crucial for monocyte/macrophage recruitment in acute inflammation and it is expressed in CD68 + macrophages. We hypothesize that macrophage infiltration in atherosclerosis is ...
Kalcik Macit M Department of Cardiology, Kartal Kosuyolu Heart and Research Hospital, Istanbul, - - 2013
Eustachian valve (EV) is a vestige of the valve of the inferior vena cava which directs the umbilical vein blood through open foramen ovale in fetal life. Following birth it gradually regresses, but it may persist in variable size, shape, and thickness as a functionless and benign structure. However, there ...
Boveda Serge S Département de Rythmologie, Clinique Pasteur, 45 avenue de Lombez, BP 27617, 31076 ToulouseCedex 3, - - 2013
Real-time assessment of pulmonary vein (PV) disconnection is possible using an inner circular mapping catheter during cryoablation of atrial fibrillation (AF). However, it has been recently demonstrated that such continuous monitoring may only be possible in <50% of PVs. We hypothesized that a stepwise mapping approach, including pacing manoeuvres, could ...
Kaitoukov Youri - - 2013
Many adrenal venous sampling (AVS) protocols require repeated samplings before and after adrenocorticotrophic hormone (ACTH) stimulation. Maintaining catheter selectivity in the adrenal vein over time is essential but can be challenging, especially in the short right adrenal vein, where the catheter is often in an unstable position. The aim of ...
Sailer Anna M H - - 2013
The aim of this study was to evaluate the sensitivity and specificity of MR angiography (MRA) in the diagnosis of ruptured and unruptured intracranial aneurysms. A systematic search was performed on 4 electronic databases on relevant articles that were published from January 1998 to October 2013. Inclusion criteria were met ...
Wang Liang - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to describe the incidence of the middle ethmoidal artery and its anatomical nuances via an endoscopic endonasal approach. A cadaveric study was performed on 22 adult specimens. First, a frontal sinusotomy and ethmoidectomy were performed via an endoscopic endonasal approach in order to fully ...
Real Eusebio E University of Cantabria, Dep. TEISA, Photonics Engineering Group, Avda. Los Castros S/N, 39005 Santander, - - 2013
Optical coherence tomography images of human thoracic aorta from aneurysms reveal elastin disorders and smooth muscle cell alterations when visualizing the media layer of the aortic wall. These disorders can be employed as indicators for wall degradation and, therefore, become a hallmark for diagnosis of risk of aneurysm under intraoperative ...
ur Rehman Habib - - 2013
A 33-year-old woman who had received a diagnosis of tricuspid valve endocarditis caused by MRSA was evaluated for replacement of the tricuspid valve. Videos show giant systolic pulsations during jugular venous examination and severe tricuspid regurgitation during transthoracic ECG.
Fukai Ryuta R Ryuta Fukai, Kyu Rokkaku, Yoshihito Irie, Takao Imazeki, Department of Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery, Dokkyo Medical University Koshigaya Hospital, Koshigaya 343-8555, - - 2013
Pulmonary artery sarcoma (PAS) is a rare and lethal neoplasm that is usually diagnosed during surgery or autopsy. Early diagnosis and radical surgical resection offer the only chance for survival. However, making a preoperative histopathological diagnosis is quite difficult. We encountered a 57-year-old woman presenting a PAS that mimicked a ...
Rikhtegar Farhad - - 2013
Coronary artery stenosis is commonly treated by stent placement via percutaneous intervention, at times requiring multiple stents that may overlap. Stent overlap is associated with increased risk of adverse clinical outcome. While changes in local blood flow are suspected to play a role therein, hemodynamics in arteries with overlapping stents ...
Stansal Audrey - - 2013
Syphilitic cardiovascular disease has been described since the 19th century, mainly on autopsy series. Major clinical manifestations are aortic aneurysm, aortic insufficiency, and coronary ostial stenosis. The diagnosis of syphilitic cardiovascular disease is based mainly on positive serologic tests and overt clinical manifestations. We present here a rare and unusual ...
Gujral D M - - 2013
Carotid arteries frequently receive significant incidental doses of radiation during the treatment of malignant diseases, including head and neck cancer, breast cancer and lymphoma. Vascular injury after treatment may result in carotid artery stenosis and increased risk of neurological sequelae, such as stroke and transient ischaemic attack. The long latent ...
Ender Jörg J Department of Anesthesiology and Intensive Care Medicine, Heartcenter Leipzig, University Leipzig, - - 2013
The role of intraoperative transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) has increased tremendously since its first use in 1979. Today intraoperative TEE is a class I indication for surgical mitral valve reconstruction for evaluation of mitral valve pathology, graduation of mitral regurgitation and detection of potential risk factors as well as post-repair assessment. ...
Cuddy Laura C - - 2013
Coarctation of the aorta has been described previously as either a post-mortem or angiographic finding in three dogs with clinical signs related to the aortic coarctation. A 10-year-old dog was presented for evaluation of suspected laryngeal paralysis. On physical examination, femoral pulses were absent bilaterally, with an indirect systolic blood ...
Koutsokera Angela - - 2013
Exacerbations of COPD (ECOPD) represent a major burden for patients and health care systems. Innovative sampling techniques have led to the identification of several pulmonary biomarkers. Although some molecules are promising, their usefulness in clinical practice is not yet established. Medline and Highwire databases were used to identify studies evaluating ...
Schmidt F P - - 2013
Aim: Saphenous vein grafts harvested for use as bypass conduits can be contaminated intraoperatively, e.g. by being inadvertently dropped to the floor of the operating room (OR). This study was performed to investigate microorganisms most likely contaminating vein grafts and to assess the possible efficacy of measures to treat potentially ...
Haeberlin Andreas - - 2013
Ischemia monitoring cannot always be performed by 12-lead ECG. Hence, the individual performance of the ECG leads is crucial. No experimental data on the ECG's specificity for transient ischemia exist. In 45 patients a 19-lead ECG was registered during a 1-minute balloon occlusion of a coronary artery (left anterior descending ...
Doering Clinton J - - 2013
Thromboelastography (TEG) analysis was used to determine if differences exist between venous and arterial samples in anesthetized swine, using identical sampling techniques for each of the samples. We hypothesized that TEG parameters would not differ between native whole blood venous and arterial samples. Thirty male Landrace swines were included in ...
Reginelli Alfonso - - 2013
Intestinal ischemia is an abdominal emergency that accounts for approximately 2% of gastrointestinal illnesses. It represents a complex of diseases caused by impaired blood perfusion to the small and/or large bowel including acute arterial mesenteric ischemia (AAMI), acute venous mesenteric ischemia (AVMI), non occlusive mesenteric ischemia (NOMI), ischemia/reperfusion injury (I/R), ...
Kang Min-Hee - - 2013
The incidence and significance of subsegmental pulmonary (SSP) thromboembolism is currently under investigation. We aimed to evaluate the clinical and diagnostic features of SSP thromboembolism in an experimental canine model. Obstruction of pulmonary arterial branches was induced in three beagle dogs by intravenous injection of a barium-coated autologous blood clot ...
Blicq Elodie - - 2013
To evaluate the additional value of StentBoost® (SB), a motion-corrected X-ray technique that enhances stent visualization, for the assessment of stent deployment and procedure optimization during routine percutaneous coronary interventions (PCI). Underdeployment and malapposition of stents during PCI may lead to in-stent thrombosis and restenosis. Coronary angiography (CA) is of ...
Boujaoude Ziad - - 2013
The safety with regard to bleeding complications of endobronchial ultrasound transbronchial needle aspiration (EBUS-TBNA) of hilar and mediastinal lymphadenopathy has been well established. The real-time visualization of targeted and surrounding structures allows the operator to avoid puncturing even small vessels. However, on occasions, the only way to reach the target ...
Sleiman Katarzyna K Department of General and Interventional Radiology and Neuroradiology, University Clinical Hospital, Wrocław, - - 2013
Cerebrovascular diseases are the most common neurological disorders. Most of them are arterial strokes, mainly ischemic, less often of hemorrhagic origin. Changes in the course of cerebral venous thrombosis are less common causes of acute cerebrovascular events. Clinical and radiological presentation of arterial and venous strokes (especially in emergency head ...
Borelli Flavio Antonio de Oliveira - - 2013
Aging and atherosclerosis are related to renovascular hypertension in elderly individuals. Regardless of comorbidities, renal artery stenosis is itself an important cause of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. To define the sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, and negative predictive value of noninvasive imaging tests used in the diagnosis of renal artery ...
Hu Xing-Jian - - 2013
To address concerns over limitations in the clinical use of glutaraldehyde (GA) fixation in bioprosthetic heart valves, we manufactured novel, branched poly(ethylene glycol) tetraacrylate (PEG-TA) crosslinked valve leaflets and evaluated cytotoxic, thrombogenic, hemolytic, and anticalcification effects, thermal stability, and mechanical properties, in comparison to decellularized valves (control) and GA crosslinked ...
Salgarello Marzia - - 2013
For many microsurgeons, antegrade internal mammary vessels (AIMVs) represent the recipients of choice in autogenous breast reconstruction. For the past few years, the retrograde internal mammary vessels (RIMVs) have been demonstrated to be a further reliable option when needed, according to many papers focusing more on the vein than on ...
Ghosh Sanjib Kumar - - 2013
Thebesian valve is the embryological remnant of the right sinoatrial valve, guarding the coronary sinus (CS) ostium. Advanced invasive and interventional cardiac diagnostic and management tools involve cannulation of the CS ostium. The presence of obstructive Thebesian valves has been reported to lead to unsuccessful cannulation of the CS. We ...
Garg Ashok - - 2013
We are describing pulmonary valve involvement with thickening and stenosis detected by two-dimensional transthoracic echocardiography in an adult presenting with Löeffler's endocarditis. To our knowledge, this has not been described previously. Complete regression of the lesions occurred with corticosteroid therapy. Tricuspid valve thickening and stenosis and thickening and thrombus formation ...
Oswald Elgar - - 2013
Background. In the operating room and at the ICU, Rotational thromboelastometry (ROTEM(®)) and multiple platelet function analyzer (Multiplate(®)) are frequently performed on arterial blood samples while known reference ranges refer to venous blood only. To evaluate whether there are clinical important differences between parameters measured in arterial and venous blood, ...
Fok Patrick T - - 2013
Clinical questionAre four common clinical decision rules, in combination with normal D-dimer results, comparable in their ability to clinically exclude the diagnosis of pulmonary embolism?Article chosenDouma RA, Mos ICM, Erkens PMG, et al. Performance of 4 clinical decision rules in the diagnostic management of acute pulmonary embolism: a prospective cohort ...
Prasetyono Theddeus O H - - 2013
The aim of this study was to collect important data on the time of oxygen saturation change in relation to skin flap color alteration using non-invasive pulse oximetry to evaluate its ability to provide continuous monitoring of skin flap perfusion. An experimental study on the monitoring of blood perfusion of ...
Diallo Djibril - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to identify the microscopic arterial vascularization of the corpora cavernosa (CC) of the penis using computer-assisted anatomic dissection (CAAD), determine the contribution of the different penile arteries towards this vascularization, detail the nature of cavernospongiosum shunts, and locate the anastomoses between these different arteries. ...
Mousa Albeir Y - - 2013
A retropharyngeal internal carotid artery is considered a rare anatomic variant with clinical implications. We present a 73-year-old woman with asymptomatic left carotid stenosis, in whom we elected to proceed with medical treatment. An evaluation of her computed tomography angiography scan revealed a retropharyngeal internal carotid artery. This case report ...
Matsuzono Kosuke - - 2013
Takotsubo cardiomyopathy can induce cerebral embolic stroke because of intracardiac thrombosis, but the timing of cardiogenic embolism relating to takotsubo cardiomyopathy has not been well described. We evaluated a 71-year-old woman with takotsubo cardiomyopathy, who developed cardiogenic cerebral embolism after recovery of cardiac wall motion. Nevertheless, we treated her with ...
Desai Ravi R - - 2013
OBJECTIVE. This is an analysis of pooled studies for the determination of the test characteristics of stress perfusion cardiac MRI in the diagnosis of flow-limiting obstructive coronary artery disease (CAD) using fractional flow reserve (FFR) at catheter coronary angiography as the reference standard. MATERIALS AND METHODS. Traditionally, planimetric measurement of ...
Shingyoji Masato - - 2013
Pulmonary artery sarcoma (PAS) is a rare tumor that is often detected at an advanced stage, when disease is so widespread that a radical surgical procedure is no longer indicated. Therefore, less invasive biopsy techniques are required to establish a definitive preoperative diagnosis. Endobronchial ultrasound (EBUS) is useful for producing ...
Tang Chun Xiang - - 2013
To evaluate the performance of dual-energy CT (DECT) based vascular iodine analysis for the detection of acute peripheral pulmonary thrombus (PE) in a canine model with histopathological findings as the reference standard. The study protocol was approved by our institutional animal committee. Thrombi (n=12) or saline (n=4) were intravenously injected ...
Marcy Pierre Yves - - 2013
Purpose: To report the cross-over venous catheter technique in case of left-sided central venous (internal jugular, subclavian and innominate veins) occlusion and right-sided central vein patency.
Methods: A 60-year-old right breast cancer patient presented with a local recurrence requiring chemotherapy. He presented with a left-sided catheter-related central venous occlusion and radiodermatitis ...
Awasthy Neeraj N Department of Pediatric Cardiology, Fortis Escorts Heart Institute, Okhla Road, New Delhi, - - 2013
We describe the echocardiographic features of submitral aneurysm in a 26 week old fetus. The diagnosis was confirmed on neonatal echocardiography.
Yi Geng-Hua - - 2013
Aims: To demonstrate the feasibility and safety of percutaneous delivery of the novel inflow cannula of the CircuLite® SYNERGY® pocket Micro-pump via transseptal access in the swine model. Methods and results: After transseptal puncture, the inflow cannula system was advanced into the left atrium (LA) via the right external jugular ...
Pyysalo Mikko J - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Patients with ruptured saccular intracranial aneurysms have excess long-term mortality due to cerebrovascular and cardiovascular diseases compared with general population. Chronic inflammation is detected in ruptured intracranial aneurysms, abdominal aortic aneurysms and coronary artery plaques. Bacterial infections have been suggested to have a role in the aetiology of atherosclerosis. ...
Manara Alessandro - - 2013
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Multiple studies have evaluated capnography for the diagnosis of pulmonary embolism; accordingly, we conduct a meta-analysis of these trials. METHODS: We performed a systematic search from 1990 to 2011, using MEDLINE, EMBASE, and the Cochrane Library, including studies evaluating capnography as a diagnostic tool alone or in conjunction ...
Biswas Jason S JS Department of Infection, St. Thomas' Hospital, London, United Kingdom. - - 2013
Mycotic aneurysms, especially outside the aorta, are uncommon, with group A Streptococcus a particularly rare cause. We report a case of extra-aortic mycotic aneurysm following a sore throat without demonstrable bacteremia where identification of the pathological organism was made by molecular diagnostic techniques after a standard laboratory culture was negative.
Stevens Quinn - - 2013
We describe a 43-year-old male presenting for hemiarch replacement and possible aortic valve replacement. Intraoperative transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) demonstrated an atypical coronary vessel, enabling proper diagnosis of an anomalous circumflex artery and appropriate operative planning.
Mistiaen Wilhelm P - - 2013
During a dissection class for anatomy, a white lipoid mass was found in the ascending aorta, which was partly attached to the wall and filled the sinuses ofValsalva and almost fitting as a cast. This mass prevented full opening of the mobile aortic valve leaflets, thereby causing an obstruction. Microscopic ...
Gemmete Joseph J - - 2013
Childhood intracranial aneurysms differ from those in the adult population in incidence and gender prevalence, cause, location, and clinical presentation. Endovascular treatment of pediatric aneurysms is the suggested approach because it offers both reconstructive and deconstructive techniques and a better clinical outcome compared with surgery; however, the long-term durability of ...
Yeo Chong Jin - - 2013
Few options exist for the resurfacing of web-space and small soft tissue defects of the dorsum of the distal foot. The study examines the anatomy of the second to fourth dorsal metatarsal arteries in 16 fresh frozen cadavers to determine if the anatomy correlates to that in the hand, permitting ...
Mrówczyński Wojciech - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: There is a continuous search for shelf-ready small-caliber vascular prostheses with satisfactory early and late results. Biodegradable scaffolds, repopulated by recipient's cells regenerating a neovessel, can be a suitable option for adult and pediatric, urgent and elective cardiovascular procedures. METHODS: This was a short-term experimental assessment of a new ...
Fischell Tim A - - 2013
Aims: We report the use of a novel endovascular approach using chemical neurolysis, via periadventitial injection of dehydrated ethanol (EtOH) to perform renal artery denervation. Methods and results: A novel, three-needle delivery device was introduced into the renal arteries of adult swine using fluoroscopic guidance. EtOH was injected bilaterally with ...
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