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Borelli Flavio Antonio de Oliveira - - 2013
Aging and atherosclerosis are related to renovascular hypertension in elderly individuals. Regardless of comorbidities, renal artery stenosis is itself an important cause of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. To define the sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, and negative predictive value of noninvasive imaging tests used in the diagnosis of renal artery ...
Hu Xing-Jian - - 2013
To address concerns over limitations in the clinical use of glutaraldehyde (GA) fixation in bioprosthetic heart valves, we manufactured novel, branched poly(ethylene glycol) tetraacrylate (PEG-TA) crosslinked valve leaflets and evaluated cytotoxic, thrombogenic, hemolytic, and anticalcification effects, thermal stability, and mechanical properties, in comparison to decellularized valves (control) and GA crosslinked ...
Salgarello Marzia - - 2013
For many microsurgeons, antegrade internal mammary vessels (AIMVs) represent the recipients of choice in autogenous breast reconstruction. For the past few years, the retrograde internal mammary vessels (RIMVs) have been demonstrated to be a further reliable option when needed, according to many papers focusing more on the vein than on ...
Ghosh Sanjib Kumar - - 2013
Thebesian valve is the embryological remnant of the right sinoatrial valve, guarding the coronary sinus (CS) ostium. Advanced invasive and interventional cardiac diagnostic and management tools involve cannulation of the CS ostium. The presence of obstructive Thebesian valves has been reported to lead to unsuccessful cannulation of the CS. We ...
Garg Ashok - - 2013
We are describing pulmonary valve involvement with thickening and stenosis detected by two-dimensional transthoracic echocardiography in an adult presenting with Löeffler's endocarditis. To our knowledge, this has not been described previously. Complete regression of the lesions occurred with corticosteroid therapy. Tricuspid valve thickening and stenosis and thickening and thrombus formation ...
Oswald Elgar - - 2013
Background. In the operating room and at the ICU, Rotational thromboelastometry (ROTEM(®)) and multiple platelet function analyzer (Multiplate(®)) are frequently performed on arterial blood samples while known reference ranges refer to venous blood only. To evaluate whether there are clinical important differences between parameters measured in arterial and venous blood, ...
Fok Patrick T - - 2013
Clinical questionAre four common clinical decision rules, in combination with normal D-dimer results, comparable in their ability to clinically exclude the diagnosis of pulmonary embolism?Article chosenDouma RA, Mos ICM, Erkens PMG, et al. Performance of 4 clinical decision rules in the diagnostic management of acute pulmonary embolism: a prospective cohort ...
Prasetyono Theddeus O H - - 2013
The aim of this study was to collect important data on the time of oxygen saturation change in relation to skin flap color alteration using non-invasive pulse oximetry to evaluate its ability to provide continuous monitoring of skin flap perfusion. An experimental study on the monitoring of blood perfusion of ...
Diallo Djibril - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to identify the microscopic arterial vascularization of the corpora cavernosa (CC) of the penis using computer-assisted anatomic dissection (CAAD), determine the contribution of the different penile arteries towards this vascularization, detail the nature of cavernospongiosum shunts, and locate the anastomoses between these different arteries. ...
Mousa Albeir Y - - 2013
A retropharyngeal internal carotid artery is considered a rare anatomic variant with clinical implications. We present a 73-year-old woman with asymptomatic left carotid stenosis, in whom we elected to proceed with medical treatment. An evaluation of her computed tomography angiography scan revealed a retropharyngeal internal carotid artery. This case report ...
Matsuzono Kosuke - - 2013
Takotsubo cardiomyopathy can induce cerebral embolic stroke because of intracardiac thrombosis, but the timing of cardiogenic embolism relating to takotsubo cardiomyopathy has not been well described. We evaluated a 71-year-old woman with takotsubo cardiomyopathy, who developed cardiogenic cerebral embolism after recovery of cardiac wall motion. Nevertheless, we treated her with ...
Desai Ravi R - - 2013
OBJECTIVE. This is an analysis of pooled studies for the determination of the test characteristics of stress perfusion cardiac MRI in the diagnosis of flow-limiting obstructive coronary artery disease (CAD) using fractional flow reserve (FFR) at catheter coronary angiography as the reference standard. MATERIALS AND METHODS. Traditionally, planimetric measurement of ...
Shingyoji Masato - - 2013
Pulmonary artery sarcoma (PAS) is a rare tumor that is often detected at an advanced stage, when disease is so widespread that a radical surgical procedure is no longer indicated. Therefore, less invasive biopsy techniques are required to establish a definitive preoperative diagnosis. Endobronchial ultrasound (EBUS) is useful for producing ...
Tang Chun Xiang - - 2013
To evaluate the performance of dual-energy CT (DECT) based vascular iodine analysis for the detection of acute peripheral pulmonary thrombus (PE) in a canine model with histopathological findings as the reference standard. The study protocol was approved by our institutional animal committee. Thrombi (n=12) or saline (n=4) were intravenously injected ...
Marcy Pierre Yves - - 2013
Purpose: To report the cross-over venous catheter technique in case of left-sided central venous (internal jugular, subclavian and innominate veins) occlusion and right-sided central vein patency.
Methods: A 60-year-old right breast cancer patient presented with a local recurrence requiring chemotherapy. He presented with a left-sided catheter-related central venous occlusion and radiodermatitis ...
Awasthy Neeraj N Department of Pediatric Cardiology, Fortis Escorts Heart Institute, Okhla Road, New Delhi, - - 2013
We describe the echocardiographic features of submitral aneurysm in a 26 week old fetus. The diagnosis was confirmed on neonatal echocardiography.
Yi Geng-Hua - - 2013
Aims: To demonstrate the feasibility and safety of percutaneous delivery of the novel inflow cannula of the CircuLite® SYNERGY® pocket Micro-pump via transseptal access in the swine model. Methods and results: After transseptal puncture, the inflow cannula system was advanced into the left atrium (LA) via the right external jugular ...
Pyysalo Mikko J - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Patients with ruptured saccular intracranial aneurysms have excess long-term mortality due to cerebrovascular and cardiovascular diseases compared with general population. Chronic inflammation is detected in ruptured intracranial aneurysms, abdominal aortic aneurysms and coronary artery plaques. Bacterial infections have been suggested to have a role in the aetiology of atherosclerosis. ...
Manara Alessandro - - 2013
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Multiple studies have evaluated capnography for the diagnosis of pulmonary embolism; accordingly, we conduct a meta-analysis of these trials. METHODS: We performed a systematic search from 1990 to 2011, using MEDLINE, EMBASE, and the Cochrane Library, including studies evaluating capnography as a diagnostic tool alone or in conjunction ...
Biswas Jason S JS Department of Infection, St. Thomas' Hospital, London, United Kingdom. - - 2013
Mycotic aneurysms, especially outside the aorta, are uncommon, with group A Streptococcus a particularly rare cause. We report a case of extra-aortic mycotic aneurysm following a sore throat without demonstrable bacteremia where identification of the pathological organism was made by molecular diagnostic techniques after a standard laboratory culture was negative.
Stevens Quinn - - 2013
We describe a 43-year-old male presenting for hemiarch replacement and possible aortic valve replacement. Intraoperative transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) demonstrated an atypical coronary vessel, enabling proper diagnosis of an anomalous circumflex artery and appropriate operative planning.
Barros Ana Raquel Gonçalves de - - 2013
To investigate the presence of airway obstruction by determining the FEV1/FVC and FEV1/slow vital capacity (SVC) ratios. This was a quantitative, retrospective cross-sectional study. The sample comprised 1,084 individuals who underwent spirometry and plethysmography in a central hospital in Lisbon, Portugal. The study sample was stratified into six groups, by ...
Mistiaen Wilhelm P - - 2013
During a dissection class for anatomy, a white lipoid mass was found in the ascending aorta, which was partly attached to the wall and filled the sinuses ofValsalva and almost fitting as a cast. This mass prevented full opening of the mobile aortic valve leaflets, thereby causing an obstruction. Microscopic ...
Gemmete Joseph J - - 2013
Childhood intracranial aneurysms differ from those in the adult population in incidence and gender prevalence, cause, location, and clinical presentation. Endovascular treatment of pediatric aneurysms is the suggested approach because it offers both reconstructive and deconstructive techniques and a better clinical outcome compared with surgery; however, the long-term durability of ...
Yeo Chong Jin - - 2013
Few options exist for the resurfacing of web-space and small soft tissue defects of the dorsum of the distal foot. The study examines the anatomy of the second to fourth dorsal metatarsal arteries in 16 fresh frozen cadavers to determine if the anatomy correlates to that in the hand, permitting ...
Mrówczyński Wojciech - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: There is a continuous search for shelf-ready small-caliber vascular prostheses with satisfactory early and late results. Biodegradable scaffolds, repopulated by recipient's cells regenerating a neovessel, can be a suitable option for adult and pediatric, urgent and elective cardiovascular procedures. METHODS: This was a short-term experimental assessment of a new ...
Fischell Tim A - - 2013
Aims: We report the use of a novel endovascular approach using chemical neurolysis, via periadventitial injection of dehydrated ethanol (EtOH) to perform renal artery denervation. Methods and results: A novel, three-needle delivery device was introduced into the renal arteries of adult swine using fluoroscopic guidance. EtOH was injected bilaterally with ...
Høyer Christian - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) can be diagnosed noninvasively by segmental blood pressure measurement and calculating an ankle-brachial index (ABI) or toe-brachial index (TBI). The ABI is known to be unreliable in patients with vascular stiffness and fails to detect the early phase of arteriosclerotic development. The toe vessels are ...
Alaswad Khaldoon - - 2013
We present a case of symptomatic carotid artery thrombosis treated with catheter intervention under proximal occlusion and flow reversal embolic protection. Although catheter intervention is contraindicated in carotid artery thrombosis due to the risk of distal embolization, the introduction of proximal occlusion embolic protection devices allow interventionalists to use catheter ...
Jung Chang Hee - - 2013
Despite the noninvasiveness and accuracy of multidetector computed tomography (MDCT), its use as a routine screening tool for occult coronary atherosclerosis is unclear. We investigated whether the ratio of apolipoprotein B (apoB) to apolipoprotein A1 (apoA1), an indicator of the balance between atherogenic and atheroprotective cholesterol transport could predict occult ...
Steverlynck L L Heilig Hart hospital, Roeselare, Belgium. - - 2013
Along with greater life-expectancy, the prevalence of aortic aneurysm and its infected complicated variant increases. We present the case of a mycotic aortic aneurysm. Mycotic aneurysms represent only between 0.7% and 2.6% of all aortic aneurysms. It is a highly lethal variant of the classical aortic aneurysm in which death ...
Ma Luyao - - 2013
INTRODUCTIONPulmonary embolism(PE) may be a life-threatening condition, which needs immediate medical intervention. Early detection plays an important role in improving the survival rate. However, Pulmonary embolism is a difficult diagnosis that may be missed because of non-specific clinical presentation. According to guidelines on the diagnosis and management of acute pulmonary ...
Nedorost Lukáš - - 2013
Pulmonary artery banding (PAB) is used as a surgical palliation to reduce excessive pulmonary blood flow caused by congenital heart defects. Due to the lack of microscopic studies dealing with the tissue remodeling caused by contemporary PAB materials, this study aimed to assess histologic changes associated with PAB surgery by ...
Damodharan Karthik - - 2013
This article describes an endovascular technique of treating an infected pseudoaneurysm by direct thrombin injection via a catheter placed inside the aneurysm sac while maintaining temporary balloon occlusion of the neck of the false aneurysm.
Orihashi Kazumasa - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Despite a reduced incidence of false lumen perfusion with preferential use of axillary arterial perfusion in acute type A aortic dissection, malperfusion remains a major cause of operative mortality and sequelae. The incidence of unpredictable malperfusion and its mechanism were examined. METHODS: We examined the 59 consecutive cases of ...
Nollen G J - - 2013
We present a coincidental finding of quadricuspid pulmonary valve and left pulmonary artery aneurysm. As both the pulmonary valve and the pulmonary trunk with its main branches are hard to visualise with cardiac ultrasound, most abnormalities described so far are from autopsy series. With the increasing use of CMR and ...
Gory B - - 2013
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE:Five commercial devices are available for mechanical thrombectomy in acute ischemic stroke. This study evaluated and compared the resultant arterial damage from these devices.MATERIALS AND METHODS:Wall damage after 4 wall-contact devices (the Merci retriever, Catch thromboembolectomy system, and Solitaire FR revascularization devices of 4 and 6 mm) and ...
Zhang Xiao-Bin - - 2013
Invasive pulmonary aspergillosis (IPA) is difficult to diagnose in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). The aim of this study was to evaluate whether detection of galactomannan (GM) in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) might be a useful means of making the diagnosis. Patients with COPD and new pulmonary infiltrates were enrolled. ...
Molacek Jiri - - 2013
PURPOSES: A ruptured AAA (rAAA) is a common cause of death in males over 60 years of age, and the global mortality from rAAA exceeds 80 %. The pathological processes occurring in the wall of the developing AAA are still unclear. The potential pathophysiological mechanisms underlying aortic aneurysms have been examined by ...
Tao Wang - - 2013
Endovenous radiofrequency ablation (RFA) has been introduced as a less invasive alternative to traditional surgery for varicose veins, but vein thrombosis after RFA remains a concern. This study investigated the influence of endovenous RFA on coagulable states of canine blood, and changes in the vein wall and lumen. Eight canines ...
Nogradi Nora - - 2013
A 5-week-old foal was evaluated for fever and hematuria of 3 days duration. Cystoscopy localized the blood to be originating from the left ureter. Abdominal ultrasonography revealed left hydronephrosis, hydroureter, and omphaloarteritis of the left umbilical artery with abscess formation that communicated with an arterial structure. Computed tomography (CT) revealed ...
Wittenberg Rianne - - 2013
PURPOSE:: To assess the effect of computer-assisted detection (CAD) on diagnostic accuracy, reader confidence, and reading time when used as a concurrent reader for the detection of acute pulmonary embolism in computed tomography pulmonary angiography. MATERIALS AND METHODS:: In this institutional review board-approved retrospective study, 6 observers with varying experience ...
Ni Wei - - 2013
OBJECT: Multidetector computed tomographic angiography (MDCTA) has played an increasing role in detecting cerebral aneurysms. This study was performed to investigate the diagnostic accuracy of the upgraded 256-row MDCTA in the detection of cerebral aneurysms. METHODS: We identified 93 patients who had undergone both MDCTA and digital subtraction angiography (DSA) ...
Estornell-Erill Jordi - - 2013
This case shows a rare complication of a migrated atrial lead into the pulmonary artery incidentally detected during a comprehensive evaluation of coronary CT angiography.
Gürbüzler Levent - - 2013
Tonsillectomy is one of the most common performed surgical procedures in childhood. Tortuosity of the internal carotid artery (ICA) is an anatomical variation of the course of the ICA, and can be seen at any levels along the course of the artery, even in lateral oropharyngeal wall. In this article, ...
Seung Won-Bae - - 2013
Septic internal jugular vein-sigmoid sinus thrombosis (IJV-SST) associated with a malpositioned central venous catheter is a rare condition. It is potentially life-threatening and necessitates early diagnosis and rapid administration of appropriate medications. Unfortunately, it is difficult to diagnose due to vague clinical presentations. Several studies such as CT, MRI, and ...
Pennardt Andre - - 2013
High-altitude pulmonary edema (HAPE) is a lethal, noncardiogenic form of pulmonary edema that afflicts susceptible individuals after rapid ascent to high altitude above 2,500 m. Prevention of HAPE is achieved most effectively by gradual ascent allowing time for proper acclimatization. Certain prophylactic medications may further reduce the risk of ascending ...
Ajduk Marko - - 2013
This study compared sensitivity and specificity of multidetector-row computed tomography and duplex Doppler ultrasonography in detecting atherosclerotic carotid plaques complicated with intraplaque hemorrhage. Carotid plaques from 50 patients operated for carotid artery stenosis were analyzed. Carotid endarterectomy was performed within one week of diagnostic evaluation. Results of multidetector-row computed tomography ...
Pontes José Carlos Dorsa Vieira - - 2013
Woman, 84 years-old, with Stanford type A thoracic aortic dissection committing aortic arch and descending aorta. Proposed and accepted endovascular treatment according to the severity of the clinical picture. Common femoral artery dissection bilaterally was done. Aortography confirmed the exclusion of the false lumen and patency of the coronary ostia.
Bolognese Manuel - - 2013
We investigated whether real-time ultrasound perfusion imaging (rt-UPI) is able to detect perfusion changes related to arterial recanalization in the acute phase of middle cerebral artery (MCA) stroke. Twenty-four patients with acute territorial MCA stroke were examined with rt-UPI and transcranial color-coded duplex ultrasound (TCCD). Ultrasound studies were consecutively performed ...
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