Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 1708
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Tongprasert Fuanglada - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To develop reference ranges of fetal aortic and pulmonary valve diameter derived from volume datasets of spatio-temporal image correlation (STIC). METHODS: A cross-sectional study was undertaken on low-risk pregnancies with well-established data from 14 to 40 weeks. Volume datasets of STIC were acquired for subsequent off-line analysis. Aortic and ...
Cheung Anson - - 2011
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) has developed in less than 2 decades to be a viable procedure, carving out a niche position in our armamentarium to treat high-risk patients with aortic valve disease. Rapid advances are occurring in prosthesis design, catheter delivery system, imaging, and the hybrid ...
Luo Guo-Hua - - 2011
Abstract  Background and Aim of the Study: Right pulmonary artery to left atrium fistula is a very rare cardiac malformation. We sought to describe our experience with surgical and transcatheter treatment of this defect in three cases. Material and Methods: Between October 2000 and October 2009, three patients with right ...
Klink Ahmed A Translational and Molecular Imaging Institute, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, 1428 Madison Avenue, New York, NY 10029, - - 2011
Abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA) affect 5% of the population in developed countries and are characterized by progressive aortic dilatation with an unpredictable time course. This condition is more common in men than in women, and in smokers than in nonsmokers. If left untreated, AAA can result in aortic rupture and ...
Scohy Thierry V - - 2011
A 61-year-old patient with the diagnosis of acute heart failure based on severe mitral valve insufficiency due to chordae rupture was scheduled for surgery. Intraoperatively, a standard two-dimensional transesophageal echocardiogram (2D-TEE) examination, revealed severe mitral valve regurgitation due to a prolaps with chordal rupture and an echo dense structure in ...
Lehr Eric J - - 2011
Preoperative tracheostoma presents a significant risk of sternal wound complications, mediastinitis, stoma necrosis and tracheal injury in patients requiring cardiac surgery. Several approaches have been described to limit these risks. Robotic totally endoscopic coronary artery bypass grafting in patients with a tracheostoma has not been reported. We describe a case ...
Shoji Makoto - - 2011
Aim: Mesenchymal stromal cells from human bone marrow (hMSCs) were observed to produce therapeutic benefits in some models for cardiac and vascular injuries but their mode of action was not defined. We tested the effects of hMSCs in models for restricted vascular flow.Methods: We made model for restricted vascular flow ...
Shah Asad A - - 2011
Hybrid procedures combining traditional open and newer endovascular techniques are increasingly used to treat complex aortic disease. We present a novel approach for total aortic replacement, including hybrid repair of the arch and thoracoabdominal aorta, in a patient with "mega-aorta syndrome." A two-stage approach using a valve-sparing aortic root replacement, ...
Lee Geoffrey - - 2011
Background Pulmonary vein (PV) reconnection is the Achilles heel of pulmonary vein isolation (PVI) for atrial fibrillation (AF). Dissociated pulmonary vein potentials (dPVP) may reflect abnormal PV automaticity, indicate more extensive PV muscular sleeve or may simply be an epiphenomenon. Objective This study sought to determine the incidence, characteristics and ...
Jones Philip M - - 2011
OBJECTIVE:: To compare the kaolin-activated coagulation time (K-ACT) to the MAX-ACT for monitoring anticoagulation with bivalirudin in patients undergoing hybrid off-pump coronary artery revascularization procedures. DESIGN:: A prospective, observational study. SETTING:: A cardiac surgical operating room of a university-affiliated hospital. PARTICIPANTS:: Twelve patients undergoing off-pump coronary artery bypass graft surgery ...
Pugliese Francesca - - 2011
Multislice computed tomography (MSCT) is widely used to complement conventional angiography in the diagnosis and characterisation of coronary artery anomalies. MSCT adds relevant 3-dimensional information that relates the course of anomalous vessels to specific anatomical structures of the heart. The utility of MSCT in patients with coronary anomalies is exemplified ...
Biondi-Zoccai Giuseppe G L - - 2011
Trans-radial and trans-ulnar access is increasingly used for percutaneous coronary procedures, but spasm or pain may limit comfort and compliance. Intra-arterial lidocaine administration could provide a local anaesthetic effect, but its risk-benefit ratio is unclear. We aimed to compare intraarterial lidocaine versus saline to reduce peri-procedural discomfort during percutaneous trans-radial ...
Koskinen Tuomas - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: Reduction in carotid artery wall elasticity may interfere with baroreceptor function that could lead to low vagal tone. We studied at the population level the relations between carotid-artery-distensibility (Cdist) and vagal modulation of heart rate. METHODS AND RESULTS: Cdist was assessed with ultrasonic measurements of changes in carotid artery ...
Wang Zhiheng - - 2011
Cardiac plus infracardiac mixed-type total anomalous pulmonary venous connection is an extremely rare congenital heart disease. We describe a case in which the pulmonary veins made a confluence and connected to a vertical vein running into the inferior vena cava by the way of the hepatic vein. Surgical correction was ...
Shiokawa Yuichi - - 2011
We report a rare case of idiopathic pulmonary artery aneurysm (PAA) in a 56-year-old woman without any causative conditions, such as congenital heart disease, inflammation, pulmonary artery hypertension, or systemic vasculitis. She presented with sudden back pain, and examination revealed the PAA. She electively underwent resection of the aneurysm and ...
Rhissassi Badre - - 2011
Although congenital abnormalities of the inferior vena cava (IVC) are rare, they can lead to serious hemorrhagic complications, especially during aortoiliac surgery. The most frequent complications include the double IVC, left-sided IVC, and the left retroaortic renal vein isolated or associated with a preaortic renal vein forming a periaortic venous ...
Kim Hee Kyung - - 2011
Turner syndrome affects one in 2,500 girls and women and is associated with cardiovascular anomalies. Visualizing the descending thoracic aorta in adults with Turner syndrome with echocardiography is difficult. Therefore, cardiac MRI is the preferred imaging modality for surveillance. Our goals were to use cardiac MRI describe the spectrum and ...
Inoue Yoshito - - 2011
Preference for arterial inflow during surgery for type A acute aortic dissection remains controversial. Antegrade central perfusion prevents malperfusion and retrograde embolism, and the ascending aorta provides arterial access for rapid establishment of systemic perfusion, especially if there is hemodynamic instability. It has not been used routinely, however, because of ...
Iwasaki Kohichiro - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Epicardial fat (EF) is the visceral fat of the heart deposited under the visceral layer of the pericardium and has the same origin as abdominal visceral fat, which is shown to be strongly related to the development of coronary artery disease (CAD). We measured the volume of EF (EFV) ...
Fontes-Carvalho Ricardo - - 2011
We report the case of a 77-year-old man with heart failure (NYHA class IV), angina (CCS class III) and multiple comorbidities. The evaluation showed severe aortic sten osis and left main coronary disease. Due to the very high perioperative risk, conventional surgery was denied. It was therefore decided to perform ...
Cetin Mustafa - - 2011
Noncompaction of the ventricular myocardium (NVM) is a rare unclassified cardiomyopathy which is characterized by multiple prominent trabeculations and deep intertrabecular recesses. This cardiomyopathy can be isolated or in combination with other congenital cardiac disorders, including coronary artery abnormalities. A 56-year-old female patient presented to the cardiology department with complaints ...
Schmidt Richard - - 2011
High-risk cardiac patients, especially those with severe coronary artery disease, are prone to ischemic, arrhythmic and heart failure complications during urgent or emergent noncardiac surgery. The American and European guidelines endorse selective revascularization by either coronary artery bypass grafting or percutaneous coronary intervention in symptomatic ischemic patients prior to major ...
Eliasson H - - 2011
Fetal bradyarrhythmias have various underlying mechanisms. As blocked atrial bigeminy (BB) generally resolves spontaneously, but incomplete atrioventricular block (AVB) might respond to steroid treatment, correct diagnosis is of major importance. Our objectives were to assess the underlying mechanisms in fetal bradyarrhythmia and the accuracy of Doppler techniques in differentiating between ...
Chu Sharon Hl - - 2011
A 44-year-old woman who had been diagnosed with paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria, presented with chest pain. Angiography revealed critical distal left main stenosis and proximal stenoses of the left anterior descending and circumflex arteries. Prophylactic antibiotics, infusion of blood products and mannitol intraoperatively, and antithrombotic therapy postoperatively ensured a good outcome ...
Taniguchi Shinichiro - - 2011
We successfully performed aortic root replacement and partial aortic arch replacement by a T-shaped sternotomy at the second intercostal space in a patient who had undergone tracheotomy for respiratory insufficiency and cardiac failure caused by methicillinresistant Staphylococcus aureus pneumonia during preservation treatment of chronic type A aortic dissection and aortic ...
Picichè M - - 2011
Non-coronary collateral blood flow arrives to the heart from mediastinal, bronchial, and pericardial channels. These enter the heart through the pericardial reflections surrounding the pulmonary and systemic veins, as well as from the vasa vasorum of the aorta and the pulmonary artery leading to and from the myocardium. Before the ...
Bleakney Craig A - - 2011
Right aortic arch with associated arch hypoplasia, coarctation, and an aberrant isolated left subclavian artery is a very uncommon variant of vascular rings, which itself accounts for fewer than 1% of all congenital cardiac defects. Several cases have been reported, and most commonly, extraanatomic grafts have been used for repair. ...
Oyama Noriko - - 2011
The aim of this study was to assess a method for measuring epicardial fat volume (EFV) by means of a single-slice area measurement. We investigated the relation between a single-slice fat area measurement and total EFV. A series of 72 consecutive patients (ages 65 ± 11 years; 36 men) who ...
Ryan John J - - 2011
We present the case of a gentleman who presented to our hospital with recurrent episodes of sudden cardiac death treated initially with cardioversion. Immediate coronary angiography revealed a 7 mm aneurysm in the proximal left coronary artery. Using intravascular ultrasound and ChromaFlo® technology, the aneurysm was successfully treated with a ...
Kang Soo-Jin - - 2011
We studied the effect of the preprocedural intravascular ultrasound findings on stent expansion and the pre- and postprocedural findings on the long-term clinical outcomes in patients undergoing drug-eluting stent implantation for unprotected left main (LM) bifurcation disease. Using a left anterior descending (LAD) pullback, we evaluated the ostial LAD artery ...
Jiang Shengli - - 2011
Aortic pseudoaneurysms are rare but life-threatening complications of aortic procedures. Operation on the femorofemoral bypass with hypothermic circulatory arrest has been the method of choice. Iatrogenic ascending aorta pseudoaneurysm combined with infective endocarditis of the aortic valve has never been reported. We describe a case of a pseudoaneurysm of the ...
Reddy Venkatapuram Seenu - - 2011
This case report details the endovascular management of a large aortic pseudoaneurysm in a high-risk patient with a complicated history using a multi-disciplinary, hybrid approach. The pseudoaneurysm compressed the main pulmonary artery to 5 mm with near complete obstruction of the left main pulmonary artery, while also compromising the lumens ...
Ivanović Branislava A - - 2011
Left atrial myxomas are a rare but well known cause of cerebrovascular accidents in young people. Cerebral embolism is the most common cause of cerebral ischemic stroke. The intracranial aneurysm is rarely associated with myxoma. We report the case of a patient who had an operation of PICA aneurysm due ...
Tay Edgar L W - - 2011
This study aims to assess the mid- to long-term follow-up of patients after valve embolization at the time of transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI). Transcatheter heart valve (THV) embolization is a rare but serious complication during TAVI. Although various techniques have been developed to manage acute complications and reduce periprocedural ...
Nadji Georges - - 2011
Systematic use of a 28mm balloon has been proposed for pulmonary vein cryoisolation in patients with atrial fibrillation. To assess the results of a dual balloon size strategy using a 23 or 28mm cryoballoon catheter for pulmonary vein isolation. A total of 118 patients (mean age 56±10 years) with paroxysmal ...
Son Hyo Jung - - 2011
Conventional aortic valve replacement for severe aortic stenosis is associated with a high operative mortality in the elderly patients with significant comorbidities, including severe respiratory dysfunction, renal insufficiency, and compromised cardiac function. Human transcatheter aortic valve implantation was first reported in 2002 and has become a valid alternative in selected ...
Yu Sangho - - 2011
CXCR7 (RDC1), a G-protein-coupled receptor with conserved motifs characteristic of chemokine receptors, is enriched in endocardial and cushion mesenchymal cells in developing hearts, but its function is unclear. Cxcr7 germline deletion resulted in perinatal lethality with complete penetrance. Mutant embryos exhibited aortic and pulmonary valve stenosis due to semilunar valve ...
Evans A Mark - - 2011
Hypoxic pulmonary vasoconstriction (HPV) is driven by the intrinsic response to hypoxia of pulmonary arterial smooth muscle and endothelial cells. These are representatives of a group of specialized O2-sensing cells, defined by their acute sensitivity to relatively small changes in pO2, which have evolved to modulate respiratory and circulatory function ...
Dhillon Rami - - 2011
Most neonates with clinically significant pulmonary hypertension (PH) will have either persistent PH of the newborn (PPHN) or bronchopulmonary dysplasia. Cyanotic congenital heart disease must be actively ruled out as part of the differential diagnosis of PPHN. The maintenance of ductal patency with prostaglandins E1 or E2 in cases of ...
Lee Cheul - - 2011
OBJECTIVES: Durability of bioprosthetic valves in the pulmonary position is not well defined. We examined the durability of bioprosthetic valves in the pulmonary position and risk factors associated with bioprosthetic pulmonary valve failure. METHODS: Between 1993 and 2004, 181 patients underwent pulmonary valve replacement using bioprostheses. Patients who underwent valved ...
Lin Fay Y - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Cardiac computed tomographic angiography (CCTA) permits simultaneous assessment of coronary artery disease (CAD) and left ventricular mass (LVM). While increased LVM predicts mortality and is associated with obstructive CAD, the relationship of LVM with non-obstructive CAD is unknown. METHODS: We evaluated 212 consecutive patients undergoing 64-detector row CCTA at ...
Vianna Caio B - - 2011
The Holt-Oram syndrome was confirmed in an asymptomatic 36-year-old man by a novel TBX5-gene mutation (exon 8 acceptor splicing site, c.663-1G greater than A). Computed tomography showed an atrial septal defect and an anomalous right coronary artery crossing between the aorta and pulmonary arteries. Surgery corrected the septal defect and ...
Karakaya Kabukçu H - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: Dexmedetomidine is an α2-receptor agonist which is increasingly being used in coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) surgery due to its suppressive effect on the stress responses against intubation and surgery. In this study effects of dexmedetomidine administration as an adjuvant agent during induction and maintenance of anesthesia on intraoperative ...
Amankwah Kwame S - - 2011
Acute pulmonary embolism is associated with a significant number of deaths each year, which are commonly attributed to deep venous thrombosis of the lower extremity. Pulmonary embolism due to right-sided cardiac thrombus associated with transvenous wires is a rare occurrence. Treatment considerations have been systemic anticoagulation with heparin or systemic ...
Kolvenbach Ralf R - - 2011
Endovascular treatment of the ascending aorta is particularly challenging because of the anatomic features of this aortic segment. Only patients without connective tissue disorders, clinically relevant aortic regurgitation or stenosis, or concomitant coronary artery disease can be considered for an endovascular procedure. We report our results in a series of ...
McBrien Angela - - 2011
A case of atrioventricular (AV) septal aneurysm presenting in late fetal life with AV block is reported. In the neonatal period, second-degree AV block occurred, which progressed during infancy to complete block. This report includes ante- and postnatal echocardiograms demonstrating the anatomy. Only three other reports of AV septal aneurysm ...
Grignola Juan C - - 2011
There has been significant progress in our understanding of the pathobiology, epidemiology and prognosis of pulmonary vascular disease and, over the past few years, there has been an explosion of clinical therapeutic trials for pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). The increasing number of different conditions now associated with PAH and the ...
O'Connor Matthew J - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To determine the incidence, risk factors, and outcomes after early, unplanned intervention on systemic-to-pulmonary artery shunts in neonates. METHODS: We retrospectively studied all neonates undergoing systemic-to-pulmonary artery shunt placement at The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia between September 1, 2002, and May 1, 2005. Patients requiring transcatheter or surgical systemic-to-pulmonary ...
Mannucci Pier Mannuccio - - 2011
Abstract The limits of traditional anticoagulants, such as heparin and warfarin, have prompted the search for new agents for prophylaxis and treatment of arterial and venous thromboembolism, including factor Xa and thrombin inhibitors. These agents can be given orally, and their most significant advantage is that no laboratory monitoring is ...
Acampa Maurizio - - 2011
Arterial baroreflex and cardiac autonomic control play important roles in hemodynamic instability after carotid artery stenting (CAS). Spontaneous baroreflex sensitivity (BRS), heart rate variability (HRV) and blood pressure variability (BPV) are established tools for the assessment of arterial baroreflex and cardiac autonomic activity. Aim of the study was to evaluate ...
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