Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 1936
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Allín Jorge G - - 2013
The "accordion effect" is a mechanical remodeling of the arterial wall produced by endoluminal introduction of stiff guidewires, leading to vessel wall shortening and development of multiple eccentric constrictions. This phenomenon is unresponsive to vasodilators and may lead to unnecessary stenting of the pseudo-lesions. It must be suspected with the ...
Eto Masataka M Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Kyushu University, Fukuoka, Japan Division of Pathophysiological and Experimental Pathology, Department of Pathology, Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Kyushu University, Fukuoka, Japan - - 2013
during mitral valve surgery, it is important for surgeons to understand the anatomy of the mitral valve annulus to prevent surgical complications. This study aimed to perform morphometry of the mitral annulus to facilitate secure suturing during ring annuloplasty or replacement of the mitral valve. an anatomical study was carried ...
Minami Noriaki - - 2013
A 60-year-old woman was admitted to the hospital due to a sudden loss of consciousness. Computed tomography (CT) revealed a thick subarachnoid hemorrhage in almost all of the parachiasmatic cisterns, including the sylvian cisterns, with mild hydrocephalus. Three dimensional (3D)-CT angiography showed an irregularly shaped aneurysm at the bifurcation of ...
Hogendoorn Wouter - - 2013
Ruptured descending thoracic aortic aneurysm (rDTAA) is a life-threatening disease. In the last decade, thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR) has evolved as a viable option and is now considered the preferred treatment for rDTAAs. New opportunities as well as new challenges are faced by both the surgeon and the anesthesiologist. ...
Salonia Andrea - - 2013
Priapism is defined as a penile erection that persists beyond or is unrelated to sexual interest or stimulation. It can be classified into ischaemic (low flow), arterial (high flow), or stuttering (recurrent or intermittent). To provide guidelines on the diagnosis and treatment of priapism. Systematic literature search on the epidemiology, ...
Sexton Jonathan J - - 2013
A 75-year-old man underwent endovascular treatment of a right internal iliac artery (IIA) aneurysm by placing coils in the distal IIA and occluding the inflow with a common iliac artery-to-external iliac artery stent graft. Surveillance computed tomography angiography discovered migration of an endovascular coil from the thrombosed right IIA into ...
Feins Eric N EN Department of Cardiac Surgery, Boston Children's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, - - 2014
Recently, there has been increased interest in minimally invasive mitral valve prolapse repair techniques; however, these techniques have limitations. A new technique was developed for treating mitral valve prolapse that uses a novel leaflet plication clip to selectively plicate the prolapsed leaflet segment. The clip's efficacy was tested in an ...
Strange Geoff G Pulmonary Hypertension Society ANZ Inc.; Royal Prince Alfred Hospital, Sydney, - - 2013
May 5th 2013 was world Pulmonary Hypertension (PHT) Day marking three decades on from the first reported deaths in an epidemic due to toxic rapeseed (canola) oil. This epidemic provided the impetus to the 1st WHO to set up a world symposia. World leaders of PHT met for the 5th ...
Muradi Akhmadu - - 2013
Stent graft placement for ureteroarterial fistula is the preferred treatment. However, some pitfalls may occur during the procedure. Chronic inflammation process will induce longer adhesion area between artery and ureter, which results in unusual fistula site and rigid iliac arteries. This further leads to difficulty in advancing the endograft delivery ...
Mangoni Arduino A - - 2013
Evidence from observational studies suggests that mild-to-moderate consumption of red wine is associated with reduced cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Various individual chemical components of red wine also show salutary effects on vascular homeostasis, that is, enhanced endothelial function and arterial distensibility, both in vitro and in animal studies. However, testing ...
Sanghvi Kintur - - 2013
Endovascular treatment of peripheral artery disease is challenged by limited access options when the disease involves the common femoral artery. We described a case of transradial intervention of severe common femoral artery stenosis with orbital atherectomy and discuss the technique, advantages, and limitations.
Tanoue Shuichi - - 2013
The maxillary artery is a terminal branch of the external carotid artery. Although the main maxillary artery trunk and most of its branches course within the extracranial space and supply the organs and muscles of the head and neck, other surrounding soft tissues, and the oral and rhinosinusal cavities, other ...
Hudson Joseph S JS University of Iowa, Iowa City IA, - - 2013
The formation of cerebral aneurysms and their rupture propensity is of immediate clinical importance. Current management includes observation with expectant management, microsurgical clipping and/or endovascular coiling. The surgical options are invasive and are not without increased risk despite the technological advances. Recent human and animal studies have shown that inflammation ...
Reid Jeremy J JJ Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, David Geffen School of Medicine, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, - - 2013
A healthy adolescent male soccer player sustained a radiograph-negative, effusion-negative physeal injury of the proximal tibia from a ground-level fall with traumatic occlusion of the popliteal artery. Orthopaedic evaluation and arteriography were delayed for 72 hours after the injury. He arrived at a tertiary referral center in multisystem organ failure ...
Dave Tarun T Department of Cardiology, Rajsthan Hospital, Ahmedabad, - - 2013
Atherosclerosis is characterized by formation of plaques on the inner walls of arteries that threatens to become the leading cause of death worldwide via its sequelae of myocardial infarction and stroke. Endothelial dysfunction leads to cholesterol uptake and accumulation of inflammatory markers within the plaque. The stability of a plaque ...
Shivashankar Ravishankar R Division of Interventional Neuroradiology, University of Maryland Medical Center, Baltimore, - - 2013
Cerebral aneurysms represent common intracranial vascular lesions encountered in neurosurgical practice. The clinical presentation is varied, ranging from asymptomatic lesions to those presenting with catastrophic intracranial hemorrhage. Aneurysm treatment has been a rapidly evolving field with numerous technical innovations, especially in the last two decades. Selecting the appropriate treatment can ...
Canale Leonardo Secchin LS Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, Ohio, - - 2013
Robotically assisted totally endoscopic coronary artery bypass surgery has emerged as a feasible and efficient alternative to conventional full sternotomy coronary artery bypass graft surgery in selected patients. This minimally invasive approach using the daVinci robotic system allows fine intrathoracic maneuvers and excellent view of the coronary arteries. Both on-pump ...
Hald Erin M - - 2013
Recent studies have suggested that arterial and venous thrombosis share common risk factors. Although carotid atherosclerosis is associated with arterial cardiovascular events, its role in venous thromboembolic disease is unclear. We wanted to investigate and compare the effect of carotid atherosclerosis on the risk of myocardial infarction (MI) and venous ...
Etminan Nima - - 2013
The prevalence of unruptured intracranial aneurysms (UIAs) in the general population is up to 3 %. Existing epidemiological data suggests that only a small fraction of UIAs progress towards rupture over the lifetime of an individual, but the surrogates for subsequent rupture and the natural history of UIAs are discussed very ...
Gonzalez-Rivas Diego - - 2013
Endobronchial tumours requiring sleeve resection have been usually considered a contraindication for video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS). However, with new technical advances and the experience gained in VATS, sleeve lobectomy has been performed by thoracoscopy in experienced VATS centres. Right-sided sleeve anastomoses are easier to perform by VATS than left-sided ones ...
De Luccia Nelson - - 2013
The peroneal artery is an important outflow vessel for lower limb revascularization and limb salvage. This vessel is commonly reached using a medial, posterior, or lateral approach with resection of the fibula. We present a technique of lateral approach to the peroneal artery without fibular resection.
Sundarakumar Dinesh Kumar DK Dinesh Kumar Sundarakumar, Crysela Mirta Smith, Jorge Enrique Lopera, Rajeev Suri, Department of Radiology, The University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio, San Antonio, TX 78229, United - - 2013
Life-threatening hemorrhage rarely occurs from the portal vein following blunt hepatic trauma. Traditionally, severe portal bleeding in this setting has been controlled by surgical techniques such as packing, ligation, and venorrhaphy. The presence of portal hypertension could potentially increase the amount of hemorrhage in the setting of blunt portal vein ...
Kurosawa Koji - - 2013
Although cardiovascular disease is widely recognized as the leading cause of death, a lesser known fact is that aortic aneurysm is the 15th leading cause of death over the age of 65 years in the USA. The golden standard of the treatments are invasive interventions either with open surgical repair ...
Stone Patrick A PA West Virginia University, Charleston Division, Charleston, West Virginia. Electronic address: - - 2013
Splenic vein thrombosis can lead to gastric varices. Subsequent upper gastrointestinal bleeding may ensue related to the change in venous outflow to the portal system. Vascular surgeons are infrequently asked to assist in the management of this entity. However, with many vascular surgeons providing diverse endovascular-based interventions, understanding catheter-based solutions ...
Appoo Jehangir J JJ Division of Cardiac Surgery, Libin Cardiovascular Institute, Department of Cardiac Sciences and Surgery, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta, Canada. Electronic address: - - 2014
Thoracic endovascular aortic repair, a minimally invasive technique is replacing the maximally invasive gold standard of thoracotomy and replacement of the descending thoracic aorta. With experience, indications have expanded to encroach on the arch and even ascending aorta. This review highlights the current state of technology, discusses controversies, and takes ...
Agarwalla Pankaj K - - 2013
Lenticulostriate artery aneurysms are rare, can be difficult to diagnoze, and when they rupture they are often associated with deep intraparenchymal hemorrhages. In particular, fusiform, dissecting aneurysms of a distal lenticulostriate artery are extremely rare. Typically, they are usually associated with underlying systemic conditions such as systemic lupus erythematosus, moyamoya ...
Avritscher Rony - - 2013
To investigate the safety and effectiveness of a novel endovascular approach for therapeutic cell delivery using a balloon occlusion catheter in a large animal model of liver fibrosis. Transcatheter arterial embolization with ethiodized oil (Ethiodol) and ethanol was used to induce liver damage in 11 pigs. Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) ...
Nerva John D - - 2013
An intraosseous dural arteriovenous fistula (DAVF) is a rare cerebrovascular disease. The fistulous connection occurs within intraosseous diploic or transosseous emissary veins causing dilated intraosseous vascular pouches. To the authors' knowledge, this report describes the first percutaneous transfacial direct embolization of an intraosseous DAVF. A male in his 50s with ...
Khand Aleem - - 2013
Anatomical and functional assessment of the collateral circulation of the heart in total arterial occlusions is challenging, and this is particularly true of the microcirculation. The pathophysiology of the collateral circulation has historically been and remains of considerable research focus but with diverging and sometimes conflicting results. Our purpose was ...
Pugh Meredith E - - 2013
Despite major advances in understanding the mechanisms of disease and development of specific drug therapy, pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) remains a progressive, fatal disease. At present there are 3 classes of drug therapy for PAH: prostaglandins, endothelin receptor antagonists, and phosphodiesterase-5 inhibitors. To maximize therapeutic benefit, and according to national ...
Spruit Martijn A - - 2013
Pulmonary rehabilitation is recognized as a core component of the management of individuals with chronic respiratory disease. Since the 2006 American Thoracic Society (ATS)/European Respiratory Society (ERS) Statement on Pulmonary Rehabilitation, there has been considerable growth in our knowledge of its efficacy and scope. The purpose of this Statement is ...
Montani David - - 2013
Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is a rare disorder characterized by progressive obliteration of small pulmonary arteries that leads to elevated pulmonary arterial pressure and right heart failure. During the last decades, an improved understanding of the pathophysiology of the disease has resulted in the development of effective therapies targeting endothelial ...
Wu Yan - - 2013
Over the past 20 years, great progress has been made in the treatment of pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). Available therapies target one of three principal pathways: the endothelin (ET), nitric oxide (NO) or the prostacyclin (PGI2) pathway. Evidence shows that current drugs, used either as monotherapy or in different combinations, can ...
Jiang Xin - - 2013
The epidemiology of pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) has changed over the last decade. Remarkable advances in understanding the pathobiology and clinical care required in PAH have resulted in improved quality of life and survival. Despite such important progress, the long-term rate of survival is still unacceptable. The epidemiology of PAH ...
Penn David L - - 2013
While the mechanisms triggering pathogenesis of intracranial aneurysms have not been fully elucidated, different mechanisms have been proposed ranging from hemodynamic mechanisms to genetic predispositions. One mechanism that has been thoroughly explored is the physiological and pathological vascular remodeling that occurs in conjunction with inflammatory reactions resulting in the initiation ...
Lichenstein Sarah - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to gain an understanding of how caregivers of people with pulmonary hypertension are using an online discussion board. The chronicity and complex medical needs of people with pulmonary hypertension warrant a holistic nursing approach combining the patient and caregiver concerns to adequately address their ...
Sauler Maor - - 2013
Recent advances in pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) research have created a new era of PAH-specific therapies. Although these therapeutics have revolutionized PAH therapy, their innovation was predated by supportive but nonspecific medical therapies adapted from their use in more common cardiopulmonary diseases. These therapies include oxygen therapy, diuretics, digoxin, anticoagulation, ...
Elsharkawy Ahmed - - 2013
A wide sylvian opening, with either a proximal or distal start, has been standard for microsurgical management of middle cerebral artery (MCA) aneurysms. However, extensive sylvian dissection is potentially associated with increased incidence of iatrogenic injury to the brain and neurovascular structures. The aim of the present study was to ...
Bisleri Gianluigi - - 2013
The use of less invasive approaches for saphenous vein or radial artery procurement in CABG surgery has gained popularity during the past decade. The purpose of the present review is to focus on the safety and the potential advantages of minimally invasive conduit harvesting in coronary surgery. There is ample ...
Ritter Jens C - - 2013
The introduction of endovascular techniques and improvements in the medical management of atherosclerotic carotid lesions have led to changes in the modern management of stroke. The purpose of this review is to summarize the latest developments in surgical carotid intervention and highlight the current controversies. The predominant controversies that dominate ...
Horváth Tamás - - 2013
Arterial stiffness is an independent predictor of cardiovascular, cerebrovascular and all-cause mortality. Quantifying the genetic influence on the stiff arterial phenotype allows us to better predict the development of arterial stiffness. In this study, we aimed to determine the heritability of carotid artery stiffness in healthy twins. We studied 98 ...
Owens Christopher D - - 2013
After the creation of an autogenous lower extremity bypass graft, the vein must undergo a series of dynamic structural changes to stabilize the arterial hemodynamic forces. These changes, which are commonly referred to as remodeling, include an inflammatory response, the development of a neointima, matrix turnover, and cellular proliferation and ...
Espinosa Gaudencio - - 2013
In the last 20 years, endovascular procedures have radically altered the treatment of diseases of the aorta. The objective of endovascular treatment of dissections is to close the entry point to redirect blood flow toward the true lumen, thereby achieving thrombosis of the false lumen. In extensive chronic dissections that ...
Constantinou Jason - - 2013
Carotid atheromatous disease is an important cause of stroke and represents a key target in stroke prevention. Randomized trials have shown the efficacy of carotid endarterectomy in secondary stroke prevention. Carotid stenting presents a less invasive alternative to surgical intervention. Advances in medical management, if compliance can be ensured, are ...
Michael Tesfaldet T - - 2013
Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) of chronic total occlusion (CTO) presents unique challenges and potential complications. The two most common failure modes are inability to cross the lesion with a guidewire and failure to cross the CTO with a balloon after successful guidewire crossing ("balloon-uncrossable" CTO). We present a creative solution ...
Paparoni Francesco - - 2013
Coronary artery fistulas to the coronary sinus are very rare coronary anomalies most often resulting in extreme dilatation of the donor coronary artery and the receiving vessel. However, despite common impressive appearance, their clinical and functional impact may be extremely various from asymptomatic and benign cases to disabling and life ...
Généreux P - - 2013
Paravalvular leak (PVL) is a frequent complication of transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) that occurs at a much higher rate after TAVR than after conventional surgical aortic valve replacement. Recent reports indicating that PVL may be associated with increased late mortality have raised significant concern. However, the heterogeneity of methods ...
Melgies Joanna - - 2013
Currently, there are no formal screening programmes for coronary artery disease (CAD). Computed tomographic coronary angiography (CTCA) has been suggested as a non-invasive and reliable method of atherosclerotic plaque assessment, with the potential for use in screening programmes. In this article, we briefly present the current understanding of atherosclerotic plaque ...
Du Ju - - 2013
A significant number of research articles have focused on pulmonary delivery as an alternative administration route owing to no first-pass metabolism, low protease activity, thin epithelium barrier and large surface area in the lung system. Controlled release in the pulmonary delivery system further reduces loading dose, frequency of dosing and ...
Kowlgi N Gurukripa - - 2013
Vertebral artery dissection (VAD) is an important cause of stroke in the young. It can present nonspecifically and may be misdiagnosed leading to adverse consequences. Dissections are usually preceded by trauma or mechanical stress; the vascular stressors may be trivial as this condition has been described in association with manipulation ...
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