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Yahagi K K CVPath Institute, Inc., Gaithersburg, MD, USA - - - 2014
Peripheral artery disease (PAD) is an emerging problem especially with aging population and increase in the incidence of diabetes and metabolic syndrome. The disease is histologically characterized by the presence of moderate to severe calcification and fibrous plaques as compared to coronary and carotid atherosclerotic disease, which are richer in ...
Singh G D GD University of California Davis Medical Center, Division of Cardiovascular Medicine and the Vascular Center Sacramento, CA, USA - - - 2014
Nitinol self-expanding stents are increasingly used to treat symptomatic peripheral arterial disease. Despite reduction in procedural complications and rates of stent fracture, femoropopliteal in-stent restenosis (FP-ISR) remains a common and important clinical problem. Due to heterogenous patient and angiographic characteristics, treatment of FP-ISR continues to evolve. Multiple modalities have been ...
Jayasuriya S S Dana 3 Cardiology, FACC Yale University New Haven, CT, USA - - - 2014
The prevalence of PAD is expected to increase as the population ages and the treatment for chronic disease becomes more sophisticated. The safety, efficacy, and lower cost of endovascular treatment for peripheral vascular disease of the lower extremities when compared with surgical revascularization are well known. Despite the clinical improvements ...
Van den Berg J C JC Service of Interventional Radiology Ospedale Regionale di Lugano, Lugano, Switzerland - - - 2014
This paper will describe the technique of the treatment of in-stent restenosis of the infrainguinal arteries, using a combined technique of laser debulking followed by drug-eluting balloon angioplasty. The results of this technique from the literature will be discussed, and a comparison with other techniques that are currently used will ...
Donzelli R R Department of Neurosurgical Sciences "Federico II" University of Naples, Naples, Italy - - - 2014
This study describes five experimental techniques for the surgical treatment of giant aneurysms based on the resection of the aneurysm sac and reconstruction of the arterial wall. The aneurysm was realized with a venous graft implanted with end-to-side anastomosis on the common carotid artery on 50 rabbits (with each technique ...
Winokur Ronald S RS Division of Interventional Radiology, Department of Radiology, Weill Cornell Vascular, New York-Presbyterian Hospital/Weill Cornell Medical College, New York, - - 2014
Superficial venous insufficiency is a common cause of lower-extremity symptoms of pain and swelling. A thorough understanding of the superficial venous anatomy, as well as gaining knowledge of treatment approaches, can direct one's approach to providing an appropriate treatment for desired and durable outcomes. This article reviews the details of ...
Wyatt Kristine K Kristine Wyatt practices at the Eye Institute in Tulsa, Okla. The author has disclosed no potential conflicts of interest, financial or - - 2014
Vision changes and ophthalmic complaints may represent potentially serious, sometimes fatal, systemic illnesses. This article summarizes the presenting signs and symptoms of retinal artery occlusion, giant cell arteritis, and oculomotor nerve palsy.
Luciani Giovanni Battista GB Division of Cardiac Surgery, University of Verona, Verona, Italy. Electronic address: - - 2014
The association between truncus arteriosus and total anomalous pulmonary venous return is exceedingly rare. Here described is a neonate presenting with a common arterial trunk and a previously unreported "scimitar-like" mixed total pulmonary venous return who underwent a successful one-stage repair. The unprecedented anatomic pattern of the systemic and pulmonary ...
Kaneko Tsuyoshi T Division of Cardiac Surgery, Department of Surgery, Brigham and Women's Hospital-Harvard Medical School, Boston, - - 2014
With the recent emergence of transcatheter valve replacement, high-risk cases of structural valve deterioration after mitral bioprosthesis can be treated with valve-in-valve transcatheter mitral valve replacement (TMVR). The transapical approach has become the principal access for TMVR, but we report an alternative direct access for TMVR-transjugular transseptal route-in an 81-year-old woman with ...
Numasawa Yohei Y Department of Cardiology, Ashikaga Red Cross Hospital, 284-1 Yobe-cho, Ashikaga, Tochigi, Japan. - - 2014
We report on a 74-year-old man with chronic total occlusion (CTO) of the right coronary artery treated with percutaneous coronary intervention using the bidirectional kissing-balloon technique. When an antegrade approach fails, a retrograde approach to recanalize a CTO is reasonable. However, when the exit of the CTO is bifurcated and ...
Zhao Xiaohui X Cardiovascular Disease Research Center, Xinqiao Hospital, Third Military Medical University, Chongqing, China. zxhwn@tmmu.edu.cn or - - 2014
Kissing-balloon inflation has been developed for percutaneous bifurcation interventions to improve outcomes and reduced angiographic (re)stenosis. However, this procedure is sometimes technically challenging due to inability to deliver the side-branch (SB) balloon across the structure of the main vessel stent(s). The balloon anchoring technique is reported to enable equipment delivery ...
Mommerot Arnaud A Research Center, Montreal Heart Institute and Université de Montréal, Montreal, Quebec, Canada; Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Montreal Heart Institute and Université de Montréal, Montreal, Quebec, Canada; Department of Cardiac Surgery, University Hospital of Strasbourg, Strasbourg, - - 2014
Whereas it is established that endothelin-1 elicits sustained deleterious effects on the cardiovascular system during cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB), presently it remains unknown whether the inhaled administration of the dual ETA and ETB antagonist tezosentan prevents the development of pulmonary endothelial dysfunction. A prospective, randomized laboratory investigation. University research laboratory. Landrace ...
Yeong Kim Se S Department of Occupational and Environmental Medicine and Institute of Environmental and Occupational Medicine, Busan Paik Hospital, Inje University, Busan/Busanjin-Gu, Republic of - - 2014
Fractional exhaled nitric oxide (FeNO) has been implicated as a pulmonary biomarker in various respiratory disease, including COPD. Measurement of FeNO is a simple, non-invasive tool for assessing airway inflammation. Neverthless, the usefulness of FeNO measurements in COPD patient in clinical practice is unclear. The objective of this review was ...
Tse Donald M L DM Department of Radiology, Oxford University Hospitals, John Radcliffe Hospital, Oxford, OX3 9DU, - - 2014
Surveillance after endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair (EVAR) is widely considered mandatory. The purpose of surveillance is to detect asymptomatic complications, so that early secondary intervention can prevent late aneurysm rupture. CT angiography has been taken as the reference standard imaging test, but there is increasing interest in using other ...
Neamtu I - - 2014
Coronary artery stents used for the treatment of patients with coronary artery disease develop the practice of interventional cardiology after they were first introduced in the mid-1980s. Since then, with dozens of companies involved in the development of new and innovative anti-restenotic drugs, polymeric coatings and stent platforms has made ...
Tuder Rubin M RM Program in Translational Lung Research, Division of Pulmonary Sciences and Critical Care Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of Colorado School of Medicine, 12700 East 18th Avenue, Research Complex 2, Room 9001, Aurora, CO 80045, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
The current understanding of the pathology that underlies pulmonary vascular and right ventricular remodeling in pulmonary hypertension is discussed. Although recent studies underscored the importance of intima and media remodeling and, for the first time, the relevance of perivascular inflammation, much is needed to move the field forward. Reassessment of ...
Chan Simon K C SK Department of Anaesthesia and Intensive Care, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Shatin, NT, Hong Kong SAR, - - 2014
To describe the use of cerebral oximetry to detect a lack of right cerebral perfusion resulting from a malpositioned catheter used for antegrade cerebral perfusion during deep hypothermic circulatory arrest (DHCA). The simple corrective surgical adjustment that followed averted a potentially serious complication. A 57-yr-old male with a type-A aortic ...
Werner M M Vascular Clinic, HanuschKrankenhaus,Vienna, Austria - - - 2014
The implantation of metallic stents has become a standard procedure to improve the outcome after angioplasty of the superficial femoral artery (SFA). However, the permanent presence of a metallic stent in the femoropopliteal artery is associated with a number of potential disadvantages. Thus, the use of a bioresorbable scaffold, which ...
Mattison Julie A JA Translational Gerontology Branch, Intramural Research Program, National Institute on Aging, NIH, Suite 100, 251 Bayview Boulevard, Baltimore, MD 21224, - - 2014
Central arterial wall stiffening, driven by a chronic inflammatory milieu, accompanies arterial diseases, the leading cause of cardiovascular (CV) morbidity and mortality in Western society. An increase in central arterial wall stiffening, measured as an increase in aortic pulse wave velocity (PWV), is a major risk factor for clinical CV disease ...
Rossi Michele - - 2014
Renal artery aneurysm is a rare disorder with a high mortality rate in the event of rupture, the most frequent complication, which can also occur in lesions smaller than those indicated for treatment by current criteria. Surgery is still the first-line treatment, although a growing trend toward endovascular management of ...
Abla Adib A AA Department of Neurological Surgery, University of California, San - - 2014
Proximal anterior inferior cerebellar artery (AICA) aneurysms are generally managed endovascularly. However, surgery is a viable option when endovascular treatment is unfavorable. AICA aneurysms that are small, unruptured, at the artery's origin, and laterally directed are ideal for the Kawase approach, providing a more direct view than a retrosigmoid exposure. ...
Hendrix Philipp P Division of Neurosurgery, Department of Surgery, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, - - 2014
The arterial supply to the upper cranial nerves is derived from a complex network of branches derived from the anterior and posterior cerebral circulations. We performed a comprehensive literature review of the arterial supply of the upper cranial nerves with an emphasis on clinical considerations. Arteries coursing in close proximity ...
Zhao Yan E YE Department of Medical Imaging, Jinling Hospital, Clinical School of South Medical University, Nanjing, Jiangsu, - - 2014
The recent introduction of multidetector computed tomography scanners has significantly improved computed tomography angiographic (CTA) applications, especially for the evaluation of medium- and small-arterial structures. CTA of the superior mesenteric artery has been reported previously. However, there have been few systematic and detailed reviews of the superior mesenteric artery pathologies ...
Mathieu Patrick P Department of Surgery, Laboratoire d'Études Moléculaires des Valvulopathies (LEMV), Groupe de Recherche en Valvulopathies (GRV), Quebec Heart and Lung Institute/Research Center, Laval University, Quebec, - - 2014
Calcific aortic valve disease (CAVD) is a chronic process leading to fibrosis and mineralization of the aortic valve. Investigations in the last several years have emphasized that key underlying molecular processes are involved in the pathogenesis of CAVD. In this regard, the processing of lipids and their retention has been ...
McManus Claire C Regional Vascular Unit, Royal Victoria Hospital, Belfast, United Kingdom. Electronic address: - - 2014
A delayed secondary open conversion (SOC) after endovascular aneurysm repair may be necessary due to a failing graft. Many surgical techniques can be performed, and one such approach is partial explantation of the graft with resuturing of a new graft to the retained components of the endograft. No guidelines exist ...
Simal-Julián Juan Antonio JA Neurosurgical Department. HUiP La Fe de Valencia, Blv Sur, Valencia, S/N, 46026, Spain, - - 2014
The petroclival junction (PCJ) is a challenging skull base location from neurosurgical point of view, especially if the retrocarotid space has to be reached. In response to this challenge, this report provides a detailed full description of the endoscopic endonasal expanded approach (EEA) to the petroclival region and retrocarotid space. ...
Allen Roblee P RP University of California - - 2014
Pulmonary hypertension (PH) is associated with progressive changes in arterial branching complexity. In order to delineate PH severity and progression we derive an allometric model that summarizes diameter organization between arterioles of generation n and the main pulmonary artery (MPA) via a power-law exponent (X) in dn=dMPA2((-n/X)) and the arterial ...
Karimi A A School of Mechanical Engineering, Iran University of Science and Technology, Tehran, Iran Tissue Engineering and Biological Systems Research Laboratory, School of Mechanical Engineering, Iran University of Science and Technology, Tehran, Iran Department of Biological Functions Engineering, Graduate School of Life Science and Systems Engineering, Kyushu Institute of Technology, Kitakyushu, - - 2014
During parental development, the umbilical cord is physiologically and genetically part of the fetus and, in humans, normally contains a pair of arteries and a vein. The umbilical vein (UV) supplies the fetus with oxygenated, nutrient-rich blood from the placenta. In contrast, the fetal heart pumps deoxygenated, nutrient-depleted blood through ...
Iared Wagner W Department of Internal Medicine, Universidade Federal de São Paulo, Brazilian Cochrane Centre, São Paulo, São Paulo, - - 2014
There is insufficient evidence to guide stent usage following angioplasty in subclavian artery stenosis. This is an update of a review first published in 2011. The aim of this review was to determine whether stenting is more effective than angioplasty alone for stenosis of the subclavian artery. For this update ...
Snowise Saul S Division of Maternal Fetal Medicine, Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Sciences, The UT Health School of Medicine and the Texas Fetal Center, Children's Memorial Hermann Hospital, Houston, - - 2014
Despite advances in neonatal care, diaphragmatic hernia still inflicts significant morbidity and mortality on affected neonates. Abnormal embryologic events disrupt the formation of the diaphragm allowing the abdominal viscera to occupy the intrathoracic space. This interrupts normal pulmonary development with resulting pulmonary hypoplasia and pulmonary hypertension in neonatal survivors. This ...
Aghel Arash A Division of Cardiology, University of Colorado School of Medicine, 1055 Clermont Street, Denver, CO, - - 2014
Significant advances have been made in femoropopliteal stent design and clinical outcomes during the past decade. Initial randomized studies demonstrated superiority of nitinol self-expanding stents to balloon angioplasty for treatment of moderate-length superficial femoral artery stenoses. During longer-term follow-up, first generation nitinol stents were hampered by high rates of stent ...
Lindström Stefan B SB Mechanics, Department of Management and Engineering, Institute of Technology, Linköping University, 58183 , Linköping, Sweden, - - 2014
A goal function approach is used to derive an extension of Murray's law that includes effects of nonlinear mechanics of the artery wall. The artery is modeled as a thin-walled tube composed of different species of nonlinear elastic materials that deform together. These materials grow and remodel in a process ...
Bi Yonghua Y Department of Interventional Radiology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou, People's Republic of - - 2014
Self-healing phenomenon was found in the periarterial elastase-induced abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) in rabbit. This kind of aneurysm model does not progress and heals spontaneously in the long term, which is quite different from the performance of AAA disease in human. In order to better mimic human AAA and overcome ...
Dubé Jean J Centre d'organogénèse expérimentale de l'Université Laval/LOEX, Centre de recherche FRQS du Centre hospitalier universitaire (CHU) de Québec, 1401, 18[eme] rue, G1J 1Z4, Québec, QC, Canada, and Département de Chirurgie, Faculté de Médecine, Université Laval, 1050 Avenue de la Médecine, G1V 0A6, Québec, QC, - - 2014
The aortic heart valve is constantly subjected to pulsatile flow and pressure gradients which, associated with cardiovascular risk factors and abnormal hemodynamics (i.e. altered wall shear stress), can cause stenosis and calcification of the leaflets and result in valve malfunction and impaired circulation. Available options for valve replacement include homograft, ...
Della Pepa Giuseppe Maria GM Department of Vascular Neurosurgery, Institute of Neurosurgery, Catholic University of Rome , Rome , - - 2014
This paper reviews literature about intraorbital ophthalmic artery aneurysms discussing presentation, aetiology and treatment options. In addition we report on a case of intraorbital ophthalmic artery aneurysm with acute onset of headache, visual loss and right eye ophthalmoplegia.
Rodríguez Carnero P P Servicio de Radiodiagnóstico, Hospital Clínico San Carlos, Madrid, España. Electronic address: - - 2014
Plain chest films are a fundamental tool in the practice of medicine. The apparent simplicity of plain chest films sometimes leads us to forget that interpreting them correctly can provide very valuable information, especially if the interpretation is grounded in key clinical information. To interpret a plain chest film, it ...
Appleton Sarah E SE Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Dalhousie University, 4443-1796 Summer Street, Halifax, Nova Scotia B3H 3A7, - - 2014
Perforator flaps are an excellent reconstructive option for a functional upper limb reconstruction. This article explores the physiology and general principles of perforator flaps and their indications for use in reconstruction of the upper extremity. Workhorse perforator flaps of the upper extremity, such as the radial artery perforator, ulnar artery ...
Vu Kim-Nhien KN Department of Radiology, Centre hospitalier de l'Université de Montréal (CHUM), Hôpital Saint-Luc, 1058 Saint-Denis, Montréal, Québec, Canada, H2X - - 2014
Abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) rupture has a high mortality rate. Although the diagnosis of a ruptured AAA is usually straightforward, detection of impending rupture signs can be more challenging. Early diagnosis of impending AAA rupture can be lifesaving. Furthermore, differentiating between impending and complete rupture has important repercussions on patient ...
Singhal Seema S Associate Professor, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology Vardhman Mahavir Medical College and Safdarjang Hospital, - - 2014
The role of transcatheter arterial embolization in the management of obstetric emergencies is relatively new and not so commonly used. In the following series, the efficacy of this technique in situations such as scar site ectopic pregnancy, antepartum and postpartum obstetric hemorrhage, especially in the presence of coagulation derangement is ...
Ziganshin Bulat A BA 1 Aortic Institute at Yale-New Haven Hospital, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT, USA ; 2 Department of Surgical Disease # 2, Kazan State Medical University, Kazan, - - 2014
We present ten important specific tips regarding the natural history of Type B aortic dissection, which have a bearing on diagnosis and management decisions.
Salunke Abhijeet Ashok AA Clinical Fellow, Hand and Reconstructive Microsurgery, National University Hospital, - - 2014
Superficial ulnar artery is an uncommon variation in which the ulnar artery is having its course superficial to the flexors of the forearm and may arise directly from axillary or brachial arteries. The proper understanding and knowledge of variation of arterial systems is helpful for judicious planning of various reconstructive ...
Zidi Mustapha M CNRS EAC 4396, Université Paris-Est Créteil, Faculté de Médecine - Centre de Recherches Chirurgicales, 8 rue du Général, Sarrail, 94010 , Créteil, France, - - 2014
Regenerative medicine to substitute conventional surgery or an endovascular stent constitutes currently a challenge to treat abdominal aneurysm artery (AAA). The present paper addresses the following question: Can a cellular therapy from mesenchymal stem cells reestablish the mechanical properties of damaged abdominal aorta? For that, the xenograft rat model that ...
Larici Anna Rita AR Department of Radiological Sciences, A. Gemelli Hospital, Catholic University, Rome, Italy. - - 2014
Hemoptysis is the expectoration of blood that originates from the lower respiratory tract. It is usually a self-limiting event but in fewer than 5% of cases it may be massive, representing a life-threatening condition that warrants urgent investigations and treatment. This article aims to provide a comprehensive literature review on ...
Smolkova Petra P Department of Occupational Medicine, Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry, Palacky University Olomouc, Czech - - 2014
The authors review pulmonary aluminosis caused by exposure to dust containing aluminium and its compounds, mainly oxides. Special attention is paid to various factors of occupational exposure as to an important etiologic issue. The condition has a rich and interesting history dating back to the 1930s. The most significant occupational ...
Valen-Sendstad Kristian K Biomedical Simulation Laboratory, Department of Mechanical & Industrial Engineering, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada; Center for Biomedical Computing, Simula Research Laboratory, Lysaker, Norway. Electronic address: - - 2014
The carotid siphon is by nature a tortuous vessel segment with sharp bends and large area variations, and of relevance to the study of intracranial aneurysm initiation and rupture. The aim of this paper was to determine whether the siphon might harbor flow instabilities, if care is taken to resolve ...
Patel Rajan A G RA John Ochsner Heart & Vascular Institute, Ochsner Medical Center, 1514 Jefferson Hwy., New Orleans, LA, 70121, USA, - - 2014
The volume of carotid artery stenting (CAS) safety and efficacy data has grown exponentially over the last decade. Recent comparative data with carotid endarterectomy, the utility of embolic protection devices, peri-procedural medications, basic technical aspects of CAS, developments in carotid stent design, potential complications of CAS, and complication risk factors ...
Vesselle G G Functional and Therapeutic Diagnostic Imaging Unit, Poitiers University Hospital, rue de la Milétrie, 86000 Poitiers, France. Electronic address: - - 2014
Radioembolization (RE) is a selective internal radiotherapy technique in which yttrium-90 blended microspheres are infused through the hepatic arteries. It is based on the fact that primary and secondary hepatic tumors are vascularized mostly by arterial blood flow whereas healthy hepatocytes obtain their blood supply mostly from the portal network. ...
Chaudhuri Maitri M Department of Pediatric Cardiology, Manipal Hospital, 98 Old Airport Road, Bangalore, 560017, Karnataka, India, - - 2014
A 36-hour-old term neonate presented with refractory cardiogenic shock and multi-organ dysfunction. On suspecting coarctation of aorta, intravenous prostaglandin was started but without any benefit. Echocardiography revealed isolated anomalous origin of right pulmonary artery from ascending aorta causing massive aortic steal, supra-systemic pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH), multi-organ dysfunction and right ...
Bowles Emma E Neuro Intensive Care Unit, Derriford Hospital, - - 2014
A cerebral aneurysm is a weak or thin spot on a blood vessel in the brain that swells and fills with blood. Rupture of a cerebral aneurysm, known as aneurysmal subarachnoid haemorrhage, is a medical emergency and is associated with increased mortality. This article explores the anatomy and physiology of ...
Kontopodis Nikolaos N Department of Vascular Surgery, University of Crete Medical School, Heraklion, - - 2014
Abdominal aortic aneurysms are a common health problem and currently the need for surgical intervention is determined based on maximum diameter and growth rate criteria. Since these universal variables often fail to predict accurately every abdominal aortic aneurysms evolution, there is a considerable effort in the literature for other markers ...
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