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Gallino Augusto A Division of Vascular Medicine, Ospedale San Giovanni, 6500 Bellinzona, - - 2014
During the last decades, the clinical and research interest in atherosclerosis has been mostly focused on coronary arteries. After the publications of the European Society Guidelines and AHA/ACC Guidelines on Peripheral artery diseases, and of the Registry REduction in Atherothrombosis for Continued Health Registry, there has been an increased interest ...
Park Christina K CK aFaculty of Health Sciences, McMaster University bHamilton Health Sciences, Divisions of Neonatology and Hematology and Oncology, Department of Pediatrics, McMaster Children's Hospital, Hamilton, Ontario, - - 2014
Thrombotic occlusion of central venous catheters (CVCs) is a common problem in newborns. There is no guideline that systematically addresses the diagnosis, management, and prevention of this complication. The objective of this review is to establish evidence-based guidance for the management of CVC-related thrombosis. A comprehensive search of the scientific ...
Eller Jorge L JL Department of Neurosurgery, School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, University at Buffalo, State University of New York, Buffalo, NY, - - 2014
Flow diversion is a new endovascular technique developed for treatment of intracranial aneurysms. It is based on stent-induced modification of blood flow within and around an aneurysm inflow zone, leading to gradual intra-aneurysmal thrombosis and subsequent atrophy, while preserving flow into the parent vessel and perforating branches. Flow-diversion technique is ...
Knur Rainer R Department of Cardiology and Angiology, Allgemeines Krankenhaus Viersen, - - 2014
Carotid artery stenting has been advocated as an effective alternative to carotid endarterectomy. Periprocedural embolization of debris during endovascular treatment of carotid artery disease may result in neurological deficit. Different strategies are being developed and evaluated for their ability to minimize the clinical embolic risk. Distal filter devices, proximal and ...
Mortier Peter P FEops, Ghent, Belgium; IBiTech-bioMMeda, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium. Electronic address: - - 2014
This study sought to better understand and optimize provisional main vessel stenting with final kissing balloon dilation (FKBD). Main vessel stenting with FKBD is widely used, but many technical variations are possible that may affect the final result. Furthermore, most contemporary stent designs have a large cell size, making the ...
Juan Yu-Hsiang YH Department of Radiology, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115, USA. ; Department of Medical Imaging and Intervention, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Linkou and Chang Gung University, Taoyuan 333, - - 2014
Superior vena cava (SVC) obstruction is associated with the gradual development of venous collaterals. We present a rare form of systemic-to-pulmonary subpleural collateral pathway that developed in the bridging subpleural pulmonary veins in a 54-year-old woman with complete SVC obstruction. This uncommon collateral pathway represents a rare form of acquired ...
Munhoz Alexandre Mendonça - - 2014
In microsurgical breast reconstruction, an adequate selection of recipient vessels is crucial for a successful outcome. Although the internal mammary (IM) vessels offer an attractive option, the internal mammary perforator (IMP) vessels are becoming a reliable alternative. The purpose of this study is to investigate the external diameters, lumen area, ...
Jackson Alexander A Centre for Population Health Sciences, University of Edinburgh, Old Medical School, Teviot Place, Edinburgh, UK, EH8 - - 2014
Abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAAs) are a vascular condition with significant risk attached, particularly if they rupture. It is, therefore, critical to identify and repair these as an elective procedure before they rupture and require emergency surgery. Repair has traditionally been an open surgical technique that required a large incision across ...
Silva Marques João J 1 Department of Cardiology I, Santa Maria Hospital - CHLN, Lisbon Academic Medical Centre, CCUL, Lisbon, - - 2014
Lower limb ischaemia is the most frequent complication of cardiac catheterisation in children. It is often overlooked, but it can cause significant disability and may limit arterial access sites to repeat diagnostic or interventional catheterisations. A narrative review of the literature on arterial access site thrombosis in children was carried ...
Fonseca Diogo A DA aLaboratory of Pharmacology, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Coimbra bCenter of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Coimbra University Hospitals, Coimbra, - - 2014
Coronary artery disease is recognized as a major health problem worldwide, particularly because of the associated morbidity and mortality. Coronary artery bypass grafting has been an established mainstay in the treatment of this disease for almost half a century and is arguably the most intensively studied surgical procedure ever undertaken. ...
Min Seung-Kee SK 0000-0001-6849-3786 Department of Surgery, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, - - 2014
Arterial restenosis frequently develops after open or endovascular surgery due to intimal hyperplasia. Since tissue transglutaminase (TG2) is known to involve in fibrosis, wound healing, and extracellular matrix remodeling, we examined the role of TG2 in the process of intimal hyperplasia using TG2-null mice. The neointimal formation was compared between ...
Tian Wen W VA Palo Alto Health Care System, Stanford University, Med111P, 3801 Miranda Ave., Palo Alto, CA, 94304, - - 2014
Leukotrienes (LTs) are lipid mediators derived from the 5-lipoxygenase (5-LO) pathway of arachidonic acid metabolism and are markers and mediators of pulmonary inflammation. Research over the past two decades has established that LTs modulate inflammation in pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). The purpose of this review was to summarize the current ...
Loewe Christian C *Section of Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiology, Department of Biomedical Imaging and Inmage-guided Therapy, Medical University of Vienna †Department of Radiology, General Hospital Hietzing with Neurological Department Rosenhügel, Vienna, - - 2014
The need for functional estimation of the relevance of stenosis to guide appropriate treatment in coronary artery disease has recently been shown. Invasive coronary angiography (CA) with invasive measurement of the pressure gradient in patients with coronary stenoses becomes the method of choice for treatment decision-making in invasive cardiology. Coronary ...
Lie K H KH The Taylor Laboratory, Department of Anatomy and Neuroscience, University of - - 2014
Previous studies of venous anatomy lack the detail of their arterial counterparts due to (i) the technical challenge of retrograde perfusion against competent valves and (ii) anterograde venous perfusion that fails to capture significant portions of the area of interest. A novel technique, retrograde hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) priming, dilates veins ...
Andersen L K LK Department of Dermato-Venereology, Aarhus University Hospital, Aarhus C, - - 2014
Cutaneous polyarteritis nodosa (CPN) is a rare vasculitis affecting the small-and medium-sized arteries in the reticular dermis and subcutaneous tissue. CPN should be distinguished from systemic polyarteritis nodosa (PAN), which is an aggressive systemic vasculitis with internal organ involvement. Extracutaneous findings of CPN include fever, myalgia, arthralgia, and neuropathy.(1) In ...
Mai Jeffrey C - - 2014
As neuroendovascular interventions for both ruptured and unruptured intracranial aneurysms have come to the forefront, careful follow-up and strategies for retreatment of aneurysmal recurrences have become increasingly important. Endovascular approaches have also proven to be valuable adjuncts for managing recurrent aneurysms previously treated by open microsurgical approaches. Fortunately, retreatment of ...
Vance Awais - - 2014
There has been an exponential growth in the endovascular treatment of intracranial aneurysms over the past three decades and it is now the primary mode of treatment in the cerebrovascular community. Despite the proven safety and efficacy of bare platinum coils, criticism of the durability of endovascular coiling with respect ...
Freeman Melanie M St. Paul's Hospital, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, - - 2014
Stroke has emerged as one of the most concerning complications following transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR); associated with high morbidity and mortality. We discuss the potential mechanisms of stroke following TAVR, as well as the newly developed embolic protection devices aimed to reduce the risk of stroke. © 2014 Wiley ...
Chavan Rajendra R Department of Radiology, Jehangir Hospital, Pune, Maharashtra, - - 2014
Endovascular treatment of wide necked and large/giant intracranial aneurysms is challenging. The goal of this study was to evaluate the Liberty stent system in the rabbit elastase aneurysm model for 30, 90, and 180 days. The Altes elastase model was used to create aneurysms in the right common carotid artery ...
Pushparajah Kuberan K Department of Congenital Heart Disease, Evelina London Children's Hospital, London, United - - 2014
Stenting the atrial septum to achieve decompression of the atrium is well described and commonly performed via a percutaneous catheter approach under combined fluoroscopic and echocardiographic guidance. We describe two successful cases of a hybrid approach to atrial stenting under echocardiographic guidance alone, as a viable alternative approach.
Xiong Jiang J Department of Vascular Surgery, Vascular Center of Military, Chinese PLA General Hospital, Beijing, - - 2014
Thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR) of arch pathology presents special challenges for revascularization. To obtain an anatomic reconstruction of the arch arteries, in situ fenestration with extra-anatomic bypass has been increasingly used in TEVAR. We report a case involving TEVAR for a pseudoaneurysm at zone 2 of the thoracic aorta ...
Parissis Haralabos H Cardiothoracic Department, Royal Victoria Hospital, Belfast, - - 2014
Bilateral internal mammary arteries directed to the left coronaries are gaining popularity; an increasing level of evidence nowadays supports this surgical strategy. On the other hand, composite right internal mammary artery, radial artery, and gastroepiploic artery targeting high-grade stenotic lesions in the right coronary artery system may confer improved mid- ...
Wang Zhiyun Z Department of Orthopedics, Liuhua Qiao Hospital, Guangzhou, Guangdong, - - 2014
Objective The aim of this study was to demonstrate the anatomical structures of the transoral approach to the craniovertebral junction. We evaluated the necessary exposure field and the safety of this approach. Methods Surgical operations with the transoral approach were performed on 36 cadaver specimens. The special anatomical structures were measured surrounding ...
Martufi G G Department of Civil Engineering and Centre for Bioengineering Research and Education, Schulich School of Engineering, University of Calgary, 2500 University Dr NW, Calgary, T2N1N4, - - 2014
An aortic aneurysm is a permanent and localized dilatation of the aorta resulting from an irreversible loss of structural integrity of the aortic wall. The infrarenal segment of the abdominal aorta is the most common site of aneurysms; however, they are also common in the ascending and descending thoracic aorta. ...
Singer Joel J Department of Developmental Disability Neuropsychiatry, School of Psychiatry, University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia; Centre of Healthy Brain Ageing (CHeBA), School of Psychiatry, University of New South Wales, Sydney, - - 2014
Arterial Stiffness is a known predictor of cardiovascular disease, and has also been associated with markers of cerebral small vessel disease as well as poor cognitive function and cognitive decline. The consistency of these associations and their relationship to each other are unclear. We conducted a systematic review of the ...
Le Victoria P VP Department of Biomedical Engineering, Saint Louis University, St. Louis, MO, - - 2014
Mice with a smooth muscle cell (SMC)-specific deletion of Fibulin-4 (SMKO) show decreased expression of SMC contractile genes, decreased circumferential compliance, and develop aneurysms in the ascending aorta. Neonatal administration of drugs that inhibit the angiotensin II pathway encourages the expression of contractile genes and prevents aneurysm development, but does ...
Attenhofer Jost Christine H - - 2014
Thoracic aortic aneurysms can be triggered by genetic disorders such as Marfan syndrome (MFS) and related aortic diseases as well as by inflammatory disorders such as giant cell arteritis or atherosclerosis. In all these conditions, cardiovascular risk factors, such as systemic arterial hypertension, may contribute to faster rate of aneurysm ...
Favelier S S Département de radiologie diagnostique et interventionnelle, unité digestif, thoracique et oncologique, CHU Dijon, 14, rue Paul-Gaffarel, BP 77908, 21079 Dijon cedex, France. Electronic address: - - 2014
The availability of intra-arterial hepatic therapies (radio and/or chemo-embolisation, intra-arterial hepatic chemotherapy) has convinced radiologists to perfect their knowledge of the anatomy of the liver arteries. These sometimes, complex procedures most often require selective arterial catheterization. Knowledge of the different arteries in the liver and the peripheral organs is therefore ...
Kasemi Holta H Vascular Surgery Unit, Department of Surgery, "San Francesco" Hospital, Nuoro, Italy. Electronic address: - - 2014
An 81-year-old man presented with rapid enlargement of a 2-year known abdominal aortic and common iliac aneurysms. A hybrid approach to preserve both hypogastric arteries (HAs) was planned: a bifurcated endograft for the right aortoiliac axis, right femoral-to-left femoral artery bypass and left external-to-internal iliac artery stent graft placement. Urethral ...
Nitschke Yvonne - - 2014
In recent years, mechanisms of arterial calcifications are beginning to be elucidated. Arterial calcification is now considered as an actively regulated process resembling osteogenesis within the arterial wall orchestrated by a number of systemic or constitutively expressed mediators. Genetic studies of rare monogenic human disorders and studies of naturally occurring ...
Golledge Jonathan J The Vascular Biology Unit, Queensland Research Centre for Peripheral Vascular Disease, School of Medicine and Dentistry, James Cook University Townsville, Queensland, Australia 4811. - - 2014
Traditionally abdominal aortic calcification (AAC) has received less intensive study than coronary artery calcification. The widespread use of abdominal imaging has however encouraged recent investigation of this problem. Human association studies suggest that older age, chronic kidney disease and osteoporosis are the most important risk factors for AAC. AAC severity ...
Konoplyannikov Mikhail - - 2014
Arterial calcification (AC) is a hallmark of many serious diseases, including atherosclerosis, chronic kidney disease, and diabetes. AC may also develop as a side-effect of therapy with anticoagulants, such as warfarin which is widely used for prophylaxis of thrombosis. In our studies, we established the relation between warfarin-induced AC and ...
Sanghvi Kintur K Deborah Heart & Lung Institute, 200 Trenton Road, Browns Mills, New - - 2014
We report a case of percutaneous closure of a congenital perimembranous ventricular septal defect (VSD) performed via a radial artery and basilic vein accesses. We further discuss the technique, advantages, and limitation of this innovative approach for perimembranous VSD closure.
Troupis Theodore G - - 2014
In this study an unusual combination of arterial, venous and neural variations discovered during dissection of cervical, axillary and brachial area of a cadaver is described. Variations are thoroughly described and literature is briefly reviewed. Lateral cord of brachial plexus was not formed; Eight Cervical root divided into anterior and ...
Lodh Suhrid S Department of Radiology, Royal North Shore Hospital, St Leonards, - - 2014
This article will review the rationale for hepatic arterial administration of agents to treat melanoma liver metastases, the techniques and practical considerations pertinent to hepatic arterial therapy, the variety of agents that have been used and the reported outcomes. Recent and emerging developments will be highlighted and the potential role ...
Zanaty Mario - - 2014
The management of unruptured aneurysms (UAs), whose incidence is increasing, is still a controversial issue. Many studies have been investigating the link between the geometry of the aneurysm and the risk of future rupture in order to bring forth a clear decision plan. The different estimators studied are the aneurysm's ...
Eller Jorge L - - 2014
Endovascular techniques are well suited for the treatment of posterior circulation aneurysms. This review describes the endovascular management of these aneurysms and discusses relevant technical advances.
Ahmed Saman - - 2014
Associated pulmonary arterial hypertension related to connective tissue disorders carries significant morbidity and a high mortality. The purpose of this review article is to present an updated account of the pathogenesis, epidemiology, clinical signs and symptoms, diagnostic modalities, treatment regimens, and prognosis of this disorder.
Moulakakis K G KG Department of Vascular Surgery Athens University Medical School Attikon University Hospital, Athens, Greece - - - 2014
The most dramatic shift in the management of abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAAs) occurred in 1991, when the first endovascular AAA repair was reported. Endovascular aneurysm repair has revolutionized the treatment of infrarenal AAAs. In the last few years, the companies have developed renewed models of grafts and have modified delivery ...
Diethrich E B EB Arizona Heart Foundation, Phoenix, AZ, USA - - - 2014
A major ongoing challenge for the endograft industry has been to create an endograft that assures the same reliable aneurysm seal afforded by surgical resection and suturing of a prosthetic graft to the abdominal aortic wall. The focus of these developmental efforts has always been the proximal neck, where the ...
Krajcer Z Z Department of Cardiology and Peripheral Vascular Intervention Texas Heart Institute, St. Luke's Hospital Houston, TX, USA - - - 2014
The use of endovascular aortic aneurysm repair (EVAR) has increased dramatically, chiefly because of its low perioperative morbidity compared with open surgery. Challenges to the success of EVAR remain, however, with the most important being features of the patient's infrarenal aortic neck anatomy that make optimal placement of the endoprosthesis ...
Dumont Travis M TM *Department of Neurosurgery, and §Department of Radiology, School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, and ¶Toshiba Stroke and Vascular Research Center, University at Buffalo, State University of New York; ‡Department of Neurosurgery, Gates Vascular Institute, Kaleida Health, Buffalo, New York, - - 2014
: Recent advancements in all phases of endovascular aneurysm treatment, including medical therapy, diagnostics, devices, and implants, abound. Advancements in endovascular technologies and techniques have enabled treatment of a wide variety of intracranial aneurysms. In this article, technical advances in endovascular treatment of cerebral aneurysms are discussed, with an effort ...
Youssef Patrick P PP Department of Neurosurgery, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, - - 2014
: Dural arteriovenous fistulas are abnormal connections of dural arteries to dural veins or venous sinuses originating from within the dural leaflets. They are usually located near or within the wall of a dural venous sinus that is frequently obstructed or stenosed. The dural fistula sac is contained within the ...
Crowley R Webster RW Division of Neurological Surgery, Barrow Neurological Institute, St. Joseph's Hospital and Medical Center, Phoenix, - - 2014
: Arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) of the brain represent unique challenges for treating physicians. Although these lesions have traditionally been treated with surgical resection alone, advancements in endovascular and radiosurgical therapies have greatly expanded the treatment options for patients harboring brain AVMs. Perhaps no subspecialty within neurosurgery has seen as many ...
Liao Josh J Department of Medicine, Peter Bent Brigham Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, - - 2014
Hypertension is a major modifiable risk factor, and clinical trials have demonstrated that successful reduction of elevated blood pressure to target levels translates into decreased risk for the development of coronary artery disease, stroke, heart failure, and renal failure. The arterial system had previously been regarded as a passive conduit ...
Brasiliense Leonardo B C LB *Department of Neurosurgery, Mayo Clinic, Jacksonville, Florida; ‡Division of Neurological Surgery, Barrow Neurological Institute, St. Joseph's Hospital and Medical Center, Phoenix, - - 2014
: Revascularization of the extracranial vertebral artery has evolved significantly since the adoption of endovascular techniques. The current neurosurgical armamentarium includes microsurgical and endovascular approaches. The indications for each treatment modality, however, still need to be further delineated. In contrast to carotid artery endarterectomy and carotid artery angioplasty/stenting, there is ...
Deora Surender S NHL Medical College, Ahmedabad VS Hospital, Dept of Cardiology, Ashram road, Ellisbridge, Ahmedabad, Gujarat 380006, India. - - 2014
Bioresorbable vascular scaffold has many advantages over the metallic stent in the treatment of coronary stenotic lesions. It has added advantages in lesions that are close to the ostium of the culprit vessel, as in the left main coronary artery, right coronary artery, or left internal mammary artery, as in ...
Sullivan J F - - 2014
Renal artery aneurysms (RAA) are the second most common visceral artery aneurysm. In cases of rupture they pose a significant and emergent surgical challenge. Extracorporeal arterial reconstruction and autotransplantation is often necessary in certain complex cases that are not amenable to aneurysm repair in vivo. We report a case of ...
Stidd David A DA Department of Neurosurgery, Rush University Medical Center, Chicago, IL, - - 2014
The current assortment of microcatheters widely used for aneurysm coil embolization may not be well suited for several anatomic variants, including excessive vascular tortuosity and small aneurysms less than 3 mm. Longer microcatheters designed with a smaller caliber that can accommodate and deliver coils may be of use in these ...
Boganashanmugam Vimalraj V Interventional Fellow - Monash Heart, Monash Medical Centre, Clayton, Victoria, Australia, - - 2014
Management of acute thrombotic occlusion of coronary artery aneurysms is challenging with a lack of randomized trial evidence. We report an unusual case of a thirty year-old Indian Australian male who presented with an extensive anterior STEMI due to very large thrombus burden in a dilated proximal left anterior descending ...
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