Search Results
Results 601 - 650 of 1910
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Dalyai Richard T - - 2013
Dural arteriovenous fistulas (dAVFs) are vascular lesions involving direct connections between intracranial dural arteries and venous sinuses. The goal of treatment of these vascular lesions is to alleviate symptoms and prevent future hemorrhage. While endovascular embolization remains the primary method of treatment and obliteration of dAVF recently, stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) ...
Vieira Miguel Silva - - 2013
Coronary artery stent thrombosis is an uncommon but potentially catastrophic complication. The risk of very late stent thrombosis (VLST) raises important safety issues regarding the first generation of drug-eluting stents (DES). Although several complex mechanisms for VLST have been suggested and various predictors have been described, its pathophysiology is not ...
Hayman Mw - - 2013
Interventional neuroradiology is a rapidly expanding field, and the complexity and duration of these procedures makes anaesthetic support essential to their success. Such has been the development in this area, that the American Heart Association has published a scientific statement on the indications for these procedures. A detailed understanding of ...
Negi Smita I - - 2013
Frequency domain optical coherence tomography (FD-OCT) is a new intravascular imaging modality utilizing near-infrared light to generate high-quality images. It provides a unique and detailed view of the vessel wall and vessel lumen. FD-OCT has been increasingly used in coronary interventions; however, there is limited experience regarding the use of ...
Hagl Christian - - 2013
Aneurysmal diseases are often silent but can cause potentially life-threatening complications in cases of dissection or rupture. Surgical strategies depend on the involved part of the aorta and frequently require extracorporeal circulation and circulatory arrest. From data available from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, aneurysm disease is the ...
Nikolć Igor - - 2013
Natural course of aneurysms that occur on blood vessels of the brain singles out the need for understanding the mechanism of the occurrence of aneurysm wall rupture and identification of anatomic characteristics as predictive factors for hemorrhage to occur. In this study we comparatively present results of our researches and ...
Gottlieb Danielle - - 2013
The pulmonary trunk (PT) structure and function are abnormal in multiple congenital cardiovascular diseases. Existing surgical treatments of congenital malformations of the right ventricular outflow tract and PT do not provide a long-term replacement that can adapt to normal growth. Although there is strong interest in developing tissue-engineered approaches for ...
Sella David M - - 2013
With the introduction of retrievable inferior vena cava filters, the number being placed for protection from pulmonary embolism is steadily increasing. Despite this increased usage, the true incidence of complications associated with inferior vena cava filters is unknown. This article reviews the known complications associated with these filters and suggests ...
Hsieh Victar - - 2013
Cardiac catheterization and coronary intervention via the radial approach is increasingly adopted as the preferred vascular access to avoid transfemoral vascular complications. Recent clinical trials have confirmed that radial access reduces vascular complications and local bleeding with similar procedural efficacy. Transradial access has inherent technical challenges, including smaller vessel size ...
Bostan Mehmet M Department of Cardiology, Medical School, Recep Tayyip Erdoğan University Rize - - 2013
Percutaneous coronary intervention is an important modality in the treatment of coronary artery disease. These procedures are usually completed successfully, but occasionally serious complications are encountered. In this paper, we present the case of an undeflatable stent balloon, which is an extremely rare complication that has not been described in ...
Brown Hilary A HA Department of Vascular Surgery, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, - - 2013
We present a case of a 70-year-old male with a past medical history of coronary artery bypass grafting and end stage renal disease who presented with massive hemoptysis. He had a history of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus endocarditis, with infection and removal of endocardial pacing leads. His work-up revealed a 2.9-cm ...
Darabian Sirous S St. John Cardiovascular Research Center, Harbor-UCLA Los Angeles Biomedical Research Institute, 1124 W Carson Street, Torrance, CA 90502, USA. - - 2013
Carotid ultrasonography is a safe and available noninvasive diagnostic tool that provides information about the carotid arteries' characteristics and may be used for early detection of coronary artery disease as well as cardiovascular and stroke event risk stratifications. We performed a systematic search of articles discussing carotid ultrasonography in the ...
Wimalasena Yashvi - - 2013
High altitude pulmonary edema is a life-threatening condition that remains a concern for climbers and clinicians alike. Within the last decade, studies have shown ultrasonography to be valuable in the accurate diagnosis of a variety of lung pathologies, including cardiogenic pulmonary edema, pleural effusion, pneumothorax, and lung consolidation. Recently, studies ...
Suzuki Yuichiro J - - 2013
Substantial experimental evidence suggests the usefulness of antioxidants for the treatment of various forms of pulmonary hypertension. However, no recommendations have yet been made if patients with pulmonary hypertension should receive pharmacologic and/or dietary antioxidants. Our understanding of antioxidants has evolved greatly over the last two decades, from the primitive ...
Sherif Hisham M F - - 2013
The majority of cases of atrial fibrillation (AF) are the result of triggers originating in the area of the pulmonary veins. The reason for the predilection for that area remains unclear. We sought to examine the different mechanisms responsible for this observation through an extensive search of the medical literature, ...
Sato Tatsuo - - 2013
PURPOSE: This photographic review of actual dissections was compiled to demonstrate the various lymphatic pathways and their relationships to the surrounding structures to facilitate the development of QOL surgical procedures. METHODS: For the purpose of demonstration, three male adult specimens, prepared with 10 % formaldehyde solution injected through the femoral artery ...
Rodríguez-Flores Marcela - - 2013
BACKGROUND: There is uneven association between obesity, traditional risk factors, and cardiovascular events. We aimed to analyze the relation between cardiovascular risk factors, including obesity, with the severity of atherosclerosis in different arterial territories. METHODS: Arteries from five territories (circle of Willis, carotids, coronaries, aorta, and renal) were taken from ...
Srinivas Budanur Chikkaswamy - - 2013
Budd-Chiari syndrome is a rare disease characterized by obstruction of outflow in the hepatic vein and/or the inferior vena cava (IVC). Percutaneous transluminal angioplasty and stent placement is nowadays considered to be the first-line treatment for central venous disease because of its minimal-invasive approach. IVC reconstruction by surgical approach is ...
Sheppard Dean D Lung Biology Center, Department of Medicine, UCSF, San Francisco, California 94143-2922, USA. - - 2013
Clinical vignette: A 76-year-old man consults you for increasing shortness of breath over the past two years and an increasing requirement for home oxygen. A video-assisted thoracoscopic lung biopsy shows findings of usual interstitial pneumonitis, and he has no identifiable cause for pulmonary fibrosis, so he is considered to have ...
Duggal Bhanu - - 2013
Pulmonary vein (PV) stenosis is a known complication of PV isolation(PVI) procedures for atrial fibrillation (AF). Treatment can be percutaneous or surgical. We describe in this report a case of recurring PV stenosis after both surgical and percutaneous procedures, highlighting a number of novel interventional techniques. We also provide a ...
De Caterina Alberto Ranieri - - 2013
We describe a case of a left main coronary artery (LMCA) chronic total occlusion (CTO), which we elected to treat through percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). In this case report, we briefly review the prevalence of LMCA CTO, discuss the feasibility of PCI versus surgical revascularization and highlight the importance of ...
Loukas Marios - - 2013
There are a manifold number of variations and anomalies of the origin and course of coronary arteries described in the literature. The incidence of such variations in the general population is reported to range between 0.3 and 1.6 %. Although uncommon, they may be benign or produce symptoms ranging from mild ...
Gory Benjamin - - 2013
BACKGROUND AND IMPORTANCE:: The goal of spinal dural arteriovenous fistula (DAVF) treatment is to permanently occlude the proximal draining vein and the fistula itself, which can be achieved by open surgery or by endovascular treatment. The endovascular approach is currently the primary treatment, but it requires the presence of an ...
Weng Lihui - - 2013
Natural polymer-derived materials have gained increasing interest in the biomedical field. Polysaccharide has obvious advantages over other polymers employed for biomedical applications due its exceptional biocompatibility and biodegradability. None of the spherical embolic agents in clinic is biodegradable. In the current study, microspheres prepared from chitosan and carboxymethyl cellulose (CMC) ...
Thomas Matthew - - 2013
As we uncover the complex pathophysiology underlying idiopathic and familial pulmonary arterial hypertension, multiple disease associated pathways, cell types and processes reveal links to elements of the serotonin system. Beyond the original 'serotonin hypothesis' observed with anorexigens, and the latterly demonstrated association with vascular tone and pulmonary artery smooth muscle ...
Baloglu Orkun - - 2013
The treatment of pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) associated with chronic lung disease of infancy (CLDI) is becoming commonplace. However, an optimal approach to the monitoring of this treatment has not been clearly established, and data suggest that such therapy may not be without risk. This study assessed the feasibility and ...
Phisitkul Phinit - - 2013
Background:For triple arthrodesis, a single medial incision has been proposed to avoid lateral wound complications and has demonstrated satisfactory fusion rates. This study aimed to compare the disruption to the arterial supply of the talus between the single-medial-incision approach and the 2-incision approach.Methods:The 2 approaches for triple arthrodesis were compared ...
Shiraishi Shuichi S Division of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, Niigata University Graduate School of Medical and Dental Sciences, Niigata, Japan. - - 2013
Tracheobronchial obstruction and unilateral hypoplasia of the pulmonary artery are serious barriers to successful Fontan completion. We describe a 5-year old girl with left bronchial obstruction, hypoplasia of the left pulmonary artery and a single ventricle (double inlet left ventricle). She had undergone external stenting to treat left bronchial stenosis ...
Goh Debbie - - 2013
Cardiovascular disease is one of the major causes of death in the world. Coronary stenting in percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) has revolutionized the field of cardiology. Coronary stenting is seen as a less invasive procedure compared to coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery. Two main types of stents currently exist ...
Querques Giuseppe - - 2013
Retinal vascular occlusive disorders constitute one of the major causes of blindness and impaired vision. There is marked controversy on their pathogeneses, clinical features and particularly their management. Recently, advances in clinical research added antivascular endothelial growth factor, corticosteroids and sustained-release implants to our armamentarium in the management of retinal ...
Osbun Joshua W - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: Sphenoid wing region dural arteriovenous fistulas (DAVFs) are rare lesions that are typically fed by middle meningeal artery (MMA) feeders and that drain via the sphenoparietal sinus or middle cerebral vein. We describe a unique case of a medial sphenoid wing fistula draining exclusively via the basal vein of ...
Baughman Robert P - - 2013
The treatment options for pulmonary sarcoidosis have increased over the past ten years. As new treatments have been introduced, the best way to assess and compare treatments remains unknown. The goal of this review is to discuss the standard treatments for pulmonary sarcoidosis including glucocorticoids and cytotoxic agents such as ...
Chuckpaiwong Bavornrit - - 2013
Background:Forefoot and tarsometatarsal surgery may be performed on the first and second metatarsal through the intermetatarsal space. However, no study has identified the safety area of the proximal metatarsal bone to avoid vascular injury.Methods:One hundred and twenty-two uninjured embalmed feet of 31 female and 33 male cadavers aged 15 to ...
Morris Marvin E - - 2013
The ruptured hypogastric artery aneurysm (RHAA) is a rare clinical entity with an evolving and dynamic therapeutic armamentarium. The anatomical location and varied clinical presentation can pose a challenge for successful repair. Recently, endovascular and hybrid operative repairs have significantly improved the historically high-operative mortality rate. We present an illustrative ...
Kaump Geoffrey R - - 2013
Soon after the introduction of uterine artery embolization (UAE) as a treatment for fibroid tumors, questions arose regarding its potential impact on ovarian function. The onset of amenorrhea caused by ovarian failure after UAE was reported, and occlusion of ovarian arterial supply via uterine-arterial communications was suspected as the mechanism. ...
Takemoto Koichiro - - 2013
In-stent stenosis after stent-assisted coil embolization is a rare but well-known complication. A 32-year-old woman with an unruptured wide-necked left internal carotid artery (ICA) terminus aneurysm and an ipsilateral very small anterior choroidal artery aneurysm underwent stent-assisted coil embolization for the ICA terminus aneurysm. The 4-month follow-up angiography revealed diffuse ...
Johnson Andrew Kelly - - 2013
Sometimes, intracranial pathology in the distal vasculature cannot be accessed by standard endovascular techniques because of occlusion or insurmountable tortuosity of theinternal carotid artery (ICA). A trans-sphenoidal surgical approach can follow a similar trajectory to the course of the supraclinoid ICA. This study evaluates the feasibility of a trans-sphenoidal approach ...
Sakao S - - 2013
It is generally accepted that chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH) results from pulmonary emboli originating from deep vein thrombosis. However, this consensus opinion has been challenged, and the concept that some aspects of CTEPH exacerbation might result from a small-vessel disease leading to secondary thrombosis has been suggested. In addition ...
Matsumoto Takashi - - 2013
Iatrogenic ventricular septal defect (VSD) is a rare complication following surgical aortic valve replacement (SAVR). In this report, we describe two cases of iatrogenic VSD following SAVR (both mechanical and bioprosthetic aortic valve), which were successfully closed with two different percutaneous techniques (retro-aortic and transseptal approach). The report discusses the ...
Sobocinski J - - 2013
While there are centers reporting encouraging outcomes after endovascular repair of thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysms, chronic dissections (a specific etiological subgroup of thoracoabdominal aneurysms) present an even greater technical and clinical challenge. There are particular technical issues associated with the management of the proximal sealing zone, the need to work in ...
Kasel Albert M - - 2013
The safety and efficacy of transcatheter aortic valve replacement procedures are directly related to proper imaging. This report revisits the existing noninvasive and invasive approaches that have concurrently evolved to meet the demands for optimal selection and guidance of patients undergoing transcatheter aortic valve replacement. The authors summarize the published ...
Geisbüsch P - - 2013
The aim of this article was to describe and discuss the currently available endovascular and open surgical techniques to preserve or occlude the hypogastric artery during aortoiliac aneurysm repair and thus support the process of decision-making in hypogastric artery revascularization.
Southerland Andrew M - - 2013
With ongoing advancements in noninvasive vascular imaging and high-throughput genomics, we have the opportunity to reclassify the cerebrocervical disorders by these shared associations, rather than their downstream events, and to better understand etiology, mechanism and preventive treatments going forward. The common nonatherosclerotic, large-vessel arteriopathies affecting the cerebrovasculature include intracranial aneurysms, ...
Firth Amy L - - 2013
Understanding the cellular and molecular mechanisms involved in the development and progression of pulmonary hypertension (PH) remains imperative if we are to successfully improve the quality of life and life span of patients with the disease. A whole plethora of mechanisms are associated with the development and progression of PH. ...
Dumser Thomas - - 2013
Coronary artery disease (CAD) is a common diagnosis at autopsies of military and civil aircrews. Identifying aviators with a high risk of an acute coronary syndrome is of aeromedical interest as it allows flight surgeons to employ prevention and intervention strategies to avoid death or a lifelong duties not including ...
Kölbel T - - 2013
Endovascular treatment of aortic dissection is still in its infancy and consists usually of implantation of thoracic tubular stent-grafts to cover the proximal entry tear and redirect flow into the true lumen. Large registries comparing endovascular treatment by thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR) with open surgery for aortic dissection of ...
Wiyono Stefanus A - - 2013
We present a case of unrecognized recurrent severe coronary spasm treated by percutaneous coronary interventions leading to catastrophic complications ultimately requiring emergency coronary artery bypass grafting and later, following occlusion of the grafts, recanalization of a totally occluded left coronary artery. Throughout the case history the recognition and management of ...
Lee Seung-Jun - - 2013
Arterial ageing is characterized by age associated degeneration and sclerosis of the media layer of the large arteries. However, besides ageing, clinical conditions, which enhance oxidative stress and inflammation act to accelerate the degree of arterial ageing. In this review, we summarized the pathophysiology and contributing factors that accelerate arterial ...
Bertog S C - - 2013
Carotid stenting has become a commonly used procedure for the treatment of carotid artery stenosis. Though equipment and techniques have improved tremendously over the recent 3 decades, complications do occur. It is important for carotid operators to be familiar with potential complications and adverse events. In this article complications and ...
Setacci C - - 2013
Execution of carotid artery stenting (CAS) requires not only excellent manual dexterity, and a high level of competence, but also in-depth knowledge of the carotid pathology, of the materials available on the market and of the different techniques to apply in given situations. Actually each individual moment of the procedure ...
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