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Results 501 - 550 of 1932
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Aggarwal Saurabh S Pulmonary Disease Program, Vascular Biology Center, Georgia Health Sciences University, Augusta, Georgia, - - 2013
The pathogenesis of pulmonary hypertension is a complex multifactorial process that involves the remodeling of pulmonary arteries. This remodeling process encompasses concentric medial thickening of small arterioles, neomuscularization of previously nonmuscular capillary-like vessels, and structural wall changes in larger pulmonary arteries. The pulmonary arterial muscularization is characterized by vascular smooth ...
Rosa G M - - 2013
Several studies have been carried out on vulnerable plaque as the main culprit for ischaemic cardiac events. Historically, the most important diagnostic technique for studying coronary atherosclerotic disease was to determine the residual luminal diameter by angiographic measurement of the stenosis. However, it has become clear that vulnerable plaque rupture ...
Walters Andy - - 2013
This article discusses the appearance of the "aortic nipple" in chest radiography, and reviews the embryology and anatomy of the left superior intercostal vein which causes the appearance of an "aortic nipple." This radiological sign is useful in differentiating certain thoracic pathologies, such as pneumomediastinum, pneumopericardium, and medial pneumothorax. Pneumomediastinum ...
Mair K M - - 2013
Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is a complex disease characterised by elevated pulmonary arterial pressure, pulmonary vascular remodelling and occlusive pulmonary vascular lesions, leading to right heart failure. Evidence from recent epidemiological studies suggests the influence of gender on the development of PAH with an approximate female to male ratio of ...
Samara Osama - - 2013
We report the case of a 62-year-old woman who presented with a one-month history of a pulsatile mass, with no antecedent trauma or intervention. Imaging showed a large pseudoaneurysm (PSA) of the distal portion of the left superficial femoral artery. The PSA was treated successfully with endovascular placement of covered ...
Tian Xueying - - 2013
Coronary arteries bring blood flow to the heart muscle. Understanding the developmental program of the coronary arteries provides insights into the treatment of coronary artery diseases. Multiple sources have been described as contributing to coronary arteries including the proepicardium, sinus venosus (SV), and endocardium. However, the developmental origins of coronary ...
Weidman Jenna M - - 2013
Endovascular treatments for catastrophic aortic conditions have gained increasing popularity over the past 20years. Originally developed for abdominal aortic aneurysms (EVAR), treatment has been modified for use in thoracic aortic repair (TEVAR). As expanding numbers of patients with increasingly intractable conditions and more hostile anatomies are treated, endovascular stent designs ...
Kocak Burak - - 2013
Posterior communicating artery (PCoA) itself is an unusual location for intracranial aneurysms in that isolated dissections or dissecting aneurysms are extremely rare. In the way of correct diagnosis of dissecting aneurysms of PCoA itself, a proper understanding of (1) the anatomy of the PCoA and its perforator branches, (2) some ...
Anagnostopoulou Sophia - - 2013
PURPOSE: There is wide variability of the location of the superior thyroid artery (STA). Our purpose was to describe variations of the STA origin, with great respect to different anatomical patterns which could be observed in humans. METHODS: The material was 68 formalin-embalmed adult cadavers of both sexes (45-70-year-old). Methodologically, ...
Tashiro Tadashi - - 2013
In coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG), coronary artery anastomosis is generally performed under cardiac arrest using cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). To avoid the invasiveness of CPB, off-pump coronary artery bypass (OPCAB) is currently also used. In Japan, in particular, OPCAB now accounts for 60 % of all CABG operations and has become ...
Lee King Chien Joe - - 2013
To provide a critical contemporary review of daily PDE5-inhibitor (PDE5-I) use in urological and nonurological conditions. PDE5-Is can be taken up to once a day. However, at present only tadalafil is approved for use in both erectile dysfunction (ED) and benign prostate hyperplasia (BPH) with lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS). ...
Rubin Lewis J - - 2013
It has been axiomatic since the early clinical trials with epoprostenol (1,2) that drugs having efficacy treating Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension (PAH) have no clear beneficial effects in treating Pulmonary Hypertension due to left-sided heart disease, and may actually be deleterious. While dysfunction of the three major endothelial-derived pathways targeted by ...
Fukuda Keisuke - - 2013
A 68-year-old female with total occlusion of the bare metal stent in the left superficial femoral artery was treated by placement of three drug-eluting stents (DESs). Acute thrombosis developed on the next day. Thrombosis in the left popliteal artery to anterior tibial artery was found. An additional stent was placed ...
Wardle A J - - 2013
In recent times, paediatric pulmonary arterial hypertension management has been transformed to focus on disease modifying strategies that improve both quality of life and survival, rather than just symptom palliation. Sildenafil, a phosphodiesterase-V inhibitor, has been at the centre of this. Despite controversial beginnings, its success in treating pulmonary arterial ...
Igarashi Takashi - - 2013
Aortic repair for severely atheromatous aneurysm remains a challenge. We used an intermittent clamp technique for all visceral arteries during thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR) for a thoracic aortic aneurysm with a "shaggy aorta" to prevent systemic thromboembolism. In addition, we applied an extracorporeal circulation circuit to trap the thrombi ...
Gallo Michele - - 2013
Tissue engineering of heart valves investigates the possibility to create a fully compatible and biomimetic graft able to provide host cell repopulation like the native living valve. Decellularized aortic and pulmonary valves and synthetic polymers have been used to promote the creation of a native-like scaffold suitable to be colonized ...
Ferrari Enrico - - 2013
Traditionally, the transcatheter aortic valve replacement is performed through a transapical, a transfemoral or a trans-subclavian approach. Recently, the transaortic approach for transcatheter aortic valve replacement through the distal part of the ascending aorta was successfully implemented in order to avoid peripheral vascular access-related complications and apical life-threatening haemorrhage. The ...
Chaumais Marie-Camille - - 2013
Introduction: Sildenafil citrate is a potent, selective phosphodiesterase type 5 inhibitor approved for the treatment of pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) and plays an important role in the management of the disease. Areas covered: In this review, we focus on the current available information on the pharmacokinetics, pharmacodynamics, clinical efficacy and ...
Bahia Sandeep S - - 2013
Abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) has a reported prevalence rate of 1.4% in the US. AAA rupture accounts for an estimated 15,000 deaths per year, rendering it the 10th leading cause of death in men over the age of 55. Endovascular repair (EVR) has proliferated in the last two decades as ...
Eller Jorge L - - 2013
Persistence of the hypoglossal artery into adulthood is a rare vascular anomaly and, when present, provides the predominant vascular supply to the posterior circulation. We describe a case of vertebrobasilar insufficiency associated with severe high-grade stenosis of the persistent hypoglossal artery and tandem stenosis of the proximal ipsilateral internal carotid ...
van Bogerijen Guido H W - - 2013
Thoracic aortic aneurysm (TAA) is a silent disease, often discovered at a time point that dramatic complications, as rupture and dissection, occur. For the detection of asymptomatic TAA and prevention of such complications, it is essential to have an adequate screening tool. Until now, routine laboratory blood tests have played ...
Eller Jorge L JL Department of Neurosurgery, University at Buffalo, State University of New York, Buffalo, New York, - - 2014
Persistence of the hypoglossal artery into adulthood is a rare vascular anomaly and, when present, provides the predominant vascular supply to the posterior circulation. We describe a case of vertebrobasilar insufficiency associated with severe high-grade stenosis of the persistent hypoglossal artery and tandem stenosis of the proximal ipsilateral internal carotid ...
Indratula Rujadhorn - - 2013
This qualitative descriptive study, underpinned by the naturalistic inquiry, explored the lived experiences of individuals awaiting coronary artery bypass grafting in Thailand. Eleven northern Thai individuals volunteered to participate. Data were gathered through in-depth interviews and analyzed using content analysis. Two major themes arose: uncertainty of life and striving to ...
Varcoe R L - - 2013
The use of endovascular techniques for the treatment of occlusive arterial disease below the knee has gained widespread acceptance and is considered by many as the first line treatment for patients with critical limb ischaemia. Tibial angioplasty and stenting have a high rate of technical success and are relatively low ...
Goverde P C J M - - 2013
Endovascular treatment of occlusive disease of the aortic bifurcation is challenging. We developed the Covered Endovascular Reconstruction of Aortic Bifurcation or CERAB-technique, as a new approach for extensive and/or recurrent aortoiliac occlusive disease using three covered balloon expandable stents to reconstruct the aortic bifurcation. This configuration provides the ability to ...
Moris D N - - 2013
Aim: Abdominal aorta aneurysm (AAA) is a serious threat for human life, especially in such cases when it is asymptomatic until aneurysm rupture, which is a general cause of death in AAA subjects. We aim to give a conceptual description of the potential biomarkers that can correlate and predict the ...
Kwok On-Hing - - 2013
The development of modern coronary stent platforms has transformed the landscape of interventional cardiology. Contemporary coronary stents are much more deliverable than older-generation stents. However, longitudinal deformation has emerged as a "new" complication in modern coronary stent platforms. Although most reported cases of longitudinal stent deformation involve mechanical or technical ...
Wong Dennis T L - - 2013
Neoatherosclerosis is one of the multiple mechanisms that cause stent thrombosis, which is one of the rare but severe complications of drug-eluting stent implantation. This case study highlights the use of optical coherence tomography in identifying the precise mechanism of the stent thrombosis, which helped guide the appropriate intervention.
Barner Hendrick B - - 2013
This is the third in a series on coronary artery bypass which reviews three alternative arterial conduits. The radial artery has become the most widely used of the three and accumulating experience demonstrates better patency at 10 years versus saphenous vein. Drawbacks are a long incision on the forearm, the ...
Fraidenburg Dustin - - 2013
Abstract Fraidenburg, Dustin, Jason Yuan. Current and future targets for pulmonary arterial hypertension. High Alt Med Biol 14:134-143, 2013.-Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) remains a poorly understood disorder with dire consequences. Progression of disease often leads to right heart failure and death without lung transplantation. Limited therapeutic strategies exist for the ...
Scherrer Urs - - 2013
Abstract Scherrer, Urs, Yves Allemann, Emrush Rexhaj, Stefano F. Rimoldi, and Claudio Sartori. Mechanisms and drug therapy of pulmonary hypertension at high altitude. High Alt Med Biol 14:126-133, 2013.-Pulmonary vasoconstriction represents a physiological adaptive mechanism to high altitude. If exaggerated, however, it is associated with important morbidity and mortality. Recent ...
Khatri Rakesh - - 2013
The use of balloon remodeling technique for coil embolization has developed into a safe alternative to stent assisted coil embolization for wide-necked aneurysms. Dual antiplatelet therapy when a stent is placed for assistance in the treatment of ruptured aneurysms is of concern. There are cases in which a single balloon ...
Saad Wael E A - - 2013
Transvenous obliteration of gastric varices can be performed from the systemic venous side (draining veins or shunts) or from the portal venous side (portal afferent feeders). Balloon-occluded transvenous obliteration from the systemic veins is referred to as balloon-occluded retrograde transvenous obliteration (BRTO) and balloon-occluded transvenous obliteration from the portal veins ...
Choi Chan-Young - - 2013
Intracranial aneurysms in the neonate are very rare and their clinicopathological findings remain unclear. We report a 26-day-old premature neonate who underwent microsurgical clipping on the ruptured middle cerebral artery bifurcation aneurysm successfully with a review of relevant literature.
Sabach Amy Srur - - 2013
The purpose of this review is to illustrate various applications of gadofosveset trisodium in evaluating abdominal and peripheral vascular disease. The basic properties, technical considerations, and clinical and potential future applications of gadofosveset are described. Gadofosveset trisodium facilitates comprehensive high-resolution arterial and venous MR angiography. Because of its prolonged intravascular ...
Oderich Gustavo S - - 2013
Endovascular repair of complex aneurysms involving the visceral arteries has become a reality. Fenestrated endovascular aortic repair (FEVAR) has been used with increasing frequency to treat complex aortic aneurysms. The Zenith fenestrated stent-graft system (Cook Medical Inc, Brisbane, Australia) was approved for commercial use in the United States in April ...
Sequeira Adrian - - 2013
The use of stents has become common practice in various interventional fields. The purpose of this article is to provide the interventionalist with an understanding of the basic structure of a stent. We describe the etymology, the classification and describe various terms used by engineers as they strive to develop ...
Abdulkareem Nada N Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, St. George's Hospital, University of London, London, - - 2013
The association between ascending aortic aneurysm (AA) and bicuspid aortic valve (BAV) has been well established. Different genetic, haemodynamic and cardiovascular risk factors have been implicated in the development and progression of AA. However, to date, definite conclusions cannot be drawn regarding the exact molecular, cellular and haemodynamic mechanisms causing ...
Degen Achim - - 2013
Arteriogenesis as a way to restore blood flow after arterial occlusion has been under investigation for the treatment of coronary artery disease (CAD) for decades. Therapeutic approaches so far have included delivery of cytokines and growth factors as well as mechanical stimulation such as external counterpulsation. As knowledge on the ...
Gorissen B M C - - 2013
In this study, we present a cat with a common 1-cm-long celiacomesenteric trunk. The arteria hepatica branched off first from the separate arteria celiaca and gave rise to the arteria gastrica dextra and arteria gastroduodenalis. The main stem of the arteria celiaca then split into the arteria gastrica sinistra and ...
Kim Kang-Il - - 2013
Postoperative venous thromboembolism is one of the most serious complications following total joint arthroplasty. Pharmacological and mechanical prophylaxis methods are used to reduce the risk of postoperative symptomatic deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism. Use of pharmacological prophylaxis requires a fine balance between the efficacy of the drug in preventing ...
Hupkens Pieter - - 2013
In the last decade perforator flaps have been used increasingly for different indications. Many regions may serve as donor site. In this respect the posterior thigh region (PTR) has been neglected as a potential donor site for many years. The purpose of this study was to provide complete mapping of ...
Neumann Anneke - - 2013
Abstract The purpose of this review is to update the current clinical experience with tissue-engineered, nonseeded, allogenic matrices for pulmonary and aortic valve replacement. Allogenic heart valve replacement using an aortic root homograft was first performed 50 years ago on July 24, 1962, by Donald Ross at Guy's Hospital, London. ...
Dake M D - - 2013
OBJECTIVE/BACKGROUND: Classification systems for aortic dissection provide important guides to clinical decision-making, but the relevance of traditional categorization schemes is being questioned in an era when endovascular techniques are assuming a growing role in the management of this frequently complex and catastrophic entity. In recognition of the expanding range of interventional ...
Gemmete Joseph J - - 2013
This article briefly discusses the clinical features, natural history, and epidemiology of intracranial cerebral aneurysms, along with current diagnostic imaging techniques for their detection. The main focus is on the basic techniques used in endovascular coiling of ruptured and nonruptured saccular intracranial cerebral aneurysms. After a discussion of each technique, ...
Manfredini Roberto - - 2013
Although acute aortic rupture or dissection is relatively uncommon, it ranks in third position among necropsy-confirmed causes of out-of-hospital sudden death in the general population. Similar to other acute cardiovascular events (e.g., acute myocardial infarction, sudden death, stroke, and pulmonary embolism) there is a growing body of evidence regarding temporal ...
Zhang Yao-Jun - - 2013
Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is a group of diseases related to progressively increasing pulmonary vascular resistance, a high incidence of right ventricular failure and premature death. Only a limited number of pharmaceutical therapies have proven to be beneficial for PAH. These therapies improve symptoms, exercise capacity, and haemodynamics; however, the ...
Samarasekera Dinesh - - 2013
Renal artery aneurysms represent a rare clinical entity, and most are managed with endovascular techniques when treatment is indicated. Laparoscopic and robot-assisted repair of renal artery aneurysms has been described; however, few reports exist in the literature. We describe our experience with the surgical management of a 1.6-cm right-sided renal ...
Haraguchi K K Department of Neurosurgery, Nagoya University, Nagoya, - - 2013
Like other fields of medicine, robotics and mechanization might be introduced into endovascular coil embolization of intracranial aneurysms for effective treatment. We have already reported that coil insertion force could be smaller and more stable when the coil delivery wire is driven mechanically at a constant speed. Another background is ...
Lanzer Peter - - 2013
Intracoronary stents have markedly improved the outcomes of catheter-based coronary interventions. Intracoronary stent implantation rates of over 90% during coronary angioplasty are common. Stent implantations are associated with a small but statistically significant number of adverse outcomes including restenosis, thrombosis, strut malapposition, incomplete strut endothelialization, and various types of stenting ...
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