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Results 451 - 500 of 1908
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Li-Fei Wu - - 2013
Carotid endarterectomy(CEA)has been proved to be an effective surgery to treat the cerebral ischemia caused by carotid atherosclerotic stenosis. However,there is still no effective mean for the early diagnosis of the CEA-related severe complications such as stroke and death. Many studies have explored the potential biomarkers for stroke alert,although there ...
Ahmad Rashidi - - 2013
Peripheral vascular injuries result from penetrating or blunt trauma to the extremities. We describe here an unusual cause of a radial artery injury by the spine from the pectoral fin of Pangasius sutchi in a 51 year-old man and we review the literature.
Klinger James R - - 2013
Nitric oxide (NO) signaling plays a major role in modulating vascular tone and remodeling in the pulmonary circulation, but its role in the pathogenesis of pulmonary vascular diseases is still not completely understood. Numerous abnormalities of NO synthesis and signaling have been identified in animal models of pulmonary vascular disease ...
Li Xuebiao - - 2013
Since 2002, transapical aortic valve replacement has been developed as a clinical pathway for transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI). However the appropriate role of TA in the AS population versus TF remains unclear. We performed a meta-analysis to assess if TF has any benefit in reduction of 30-day clinical complications ...
Bahls Martin - - 2013
The heterogeneous progression of atherosclerotic disease in the peripheral arteries is currently not well understood. In humans, artery specific disease progression is partly attributed to the local hemodynamic environments. However, despite similar hemodynamic environments, porcine brachial arteries are protected while femoral arteries are highly susceptible to advanced lesion formation. The ...
Nazer Babak - - 2013
As radial artery pseudoaneurysm (PA) is a rare complication of transradial catheterization, data on their management are sparse. Here, we report the case of a 77-year-old woman who underwent right transradial diagnostic cardiac catheterization, and subsequently developed a symptomatic PA. She underwent initial treatment with 20 minutes of mechanical compression ...
Troisi Nicola - - 2013
Mycotic aortic aneurysm is a not-so-rare condition and its modalities of treatment are still debated. Graft detachment represents a catastrophic complication after open repair of an abdominal aortic aneurysm. The dehiscence of a graft may have several causes, such as infection, fatigue of materials, and progression of the disease. In ...
Ballard-Croft Cherry - - 2013
We are developing a venovenous perfusion-induced systemic hyperthermia (vv-PISH) system for advanced cancer treatment. The vv-PISH system consistently delivered hyperthermia to adult healthy swine, but significant pulmonary hypertension developed during the heating phase. The goal of this study was to develop a method to prevent pulmonary hypertension. We hypothesized that ...
Roussel Arnaud - - 2013
Peripheral venoarterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation support provides prolonged support in the event of acute or acute-on-chronic cardiac and/or respiratory failure. This support serves as a bridge to recovery, decision-making, heart transplantation or ventricular-assist device implantation. It can be implanted either through a percutaneous approach using Seldinger's technique or via an ...
Barbanti Marco - - 2013
Vascular complications are still an important cause of morbidity and mortality with transcatheter aortic valve replacement. The aim of the present review is to review some of the recent developments and techniques, which have resulted in a reduction in the risk of vascular complications during transfemoral transcatheter aortic valve replacement.
Byrom Michael J - - 2013
No currently available conduit meets the criteria for an ideal coronary artery bypass graft. The perfect conduit would combine the availability and complication-free harvest of a synthetic vessel with the long-term patency performance of the internal mammary artery. However, current polymer conduits suffer from inelastic mechanical properties and especially poor ...
Vallely Michael P - - 2013
Bilateral internal mammary artery (BIMA) grafts are used for coronary revascularisation by only a minority of surgeons, despite a growing body of evidence suggesting improved survival when compared to use of only one internal mammary artery with additional saphenous vein grafts. Herein we review the evidence supporting revascularisation with BIMA ...
He Guo-Wei - - 2013
In comparison with standard saphenous vein grafts, use of the internal mammary artery (IMA) as a coronary artery bypass graft has achieved superior long-term results. This is related to the differences in the biological characteristics between the venous and arterial grafts. However, even arterial grafts are not uniform in their ...
Blitz Arie - - 2013
The radial artery (RA) has emerged as an important arterial graft for coronary bypass surgery. With improving five-year patency rates and increasing uptake, great attention has been focused on the optimal conduit harvesting technique. We herein present our approach to RA harvesting. Prerequisites of a successful harvest include adherence to ...
Navia José L - - 2013
Development and adoption of endoscopic minimally invasive saphenous vein harvesting prompted its application to the radial artery in an effort to minimize surgical trauma. Recently, we reported that endoscopic radial artery harvesting was associated with better wound appearance and it proved to be safe and effective, with less pain and ...
Elefteriades John A - - 2013
This chapter will provide a practical look at the rapidly evolving field regarding the genetics of thoracic aortic aneurysm. It will start with a look at the history of the genetics of thoracic aortic aneurysm and will then move on to elucidating the discovery of familial patterns of thoracic aortic ...
Keikhosravy Kamyar - - 2013
In this work, the use of backscattering for telemonitoring of in-stent restenosis in two different types of stents, namely, conventional and antenna stents, is investigated. Various aspects of the telemonitoring approach including power consumption and reliability are studied and confirmed with in-vitro measurements. Experimental results confirm that the antenna stent ...
Gandhi Sunny J SJ Department of Nuclear Medicine and PETCT, Amrita Institute of Medical Sciences, Kochi, Kerala, - - 2013
Tc-99m macro aggregated albumin (MAA) is synonymous for lung perfusion scintigraphy and is part of the study in the evaluation of pulmonary thromboembolism. We wanted to highlight the utilities of Tc-99m MAA other than pulmonary embolism as a pictorial assay. Patients referred for Tc-99m MAA scintigraphy under various indications were ...
Talwar Sachin S Cardiothoracic Centre, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, - - 2013
We report a 6-year-old girl with anomalous origin of the right pulmonary artery from the aorta associated with a large ventricular septal defect. The challenges in the assessment of operability and issues in the surgical management are discussed.
Mall Nathan A NA Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Division of Sports Medicine, Rush University Medical Center, Chicago, - - 2013
Paget-Schroetter is a rare diagnosis in the general population; however, it is more common in younger, physically active individuals. Clinicians must be familiar with the symptoms, physical examination, and initial imaging and treatment to expedite care and prevent possible life-threatening complications. Urgent referral to a regional specialist may improve the ...
Aggarwal Saurabh S Pulmonary Disease Program, Vascular Biology Center, Georgia Health Sciences University, Augusta, Georgia, - - 2013
The pathogenesis of pulmonary hypertension is a complex multifactorial process that involves the remodeling of pulmonary arteries. This remodeling process encompasses concentric medial thickening of small arterioles, neomuscularization of previously nonmuscular capillary-like vessels, and structural wall changes in larger pulmonary arteries. The pulmonary arterial muscularization is characterized by vascular smooth ...
Rosa G M - - 2013
Several studies have been carried out on vulnerable plaque as the main culprit for ischaemic cardiac events. Historically, the most important diagnostic technique for studying coronary atherosclerotic disease was to determine the residual luminal diameter by angiographic measurement of the stenosis. However, it has become clear that vulnerable plaque rupture ...
Walters Andy - - 2013
This article discusses the appearance of the "aortic nipple" in chest radiography, and reviews the embryology and anatomy of the left superior intercostal vein which causes the appearance of an "aortic nipple." This radiological sign is useful in differentiating certain thoracic pathologies, such as pneumomediastinum, pneumopericardium, and medial pneumothorax. Pneumomediastinum ...
Mair K M - - 2013
Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is a complex disease characterised by elevated pulmonary arterial pressure, pulmonary vascular remodelling and occlusive pulmonary vascular lesions, leading to right heart failure. Evidence from recent epidemiological studies suggests the influence of gender on the development of PAH with an approximate female to male ratio of ...
Samara Osama - - 2013
We report the case of a 62-year-old woman who presented with a one-month history of a pulsatile mass, with no antecedent trauma or intervention. Imaging showed a large pseudoaneurysm (PSA) of the distal portion of the left superficial femoral artery. The PSA was treated successfully with endovascular placement of covered ...
Tian Xueying - - 2013
Coronary arteries bring blood flow to the heart muscle. Understanding the developmental program of the coronary arteries provides insights into the treatment of coronary artery diseases. Multiple sources have been described as contributing to coronary arteries including the proepicardium, sinus venosus (SV), and endocardium. However, the developmental origins of coronary ...
Weidman Jenna M - - 2013
Endovascular treatments for catastrophic aortic conditions have gained increasing popularity over the past 20years. Originally developed for abdominal aortic aneurysms (EVAR), treatment has been modified for use in thoracic aortic repair (TEVAR). As expanding numbers of patients with increasingly intractable conditions and more hostile anatomies are treated, endovascular stent designs ...
Kocak Burak - - 2013
Posterior communicating artery (PCoA) itself is an unusual location for intracranial aneurysms in that isolated dissections or dissecting aneurysms are extremely rare. In the way of correct diagnosis of dissecting aneurysms of PCoA itself, a proper understanding of (1) the anatomy of the PCoA and its perforator branches, (2) some ...
Anagnostopoulou Sophia - - 2013
PURPOSE: There is wide variability of the location of the superior thyroid artery (STA). Our purpose was to describe variations of the STA origin, with great respect to different anatomical patterns which could be observed in humans. METHODS: The material was 68 formalin-embalmed adult cadavers of both sexes (45-70-year-old). Methodologically, ...
Tashiro Tadashi - - 2013
In coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG), coronary artery anastomosis is generally performed under cardiac arrest using cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). To avoid the invasiveness of CPB, off-pump coronary artery bypass (OPCAB) is currently also used. In Japan, in particular, OPCAB now accounts for 60 % of all CABG operations and has become ...
Lee King Chien Joe - - 2013
To provide a critical contemporary review of daily PDE5-inhibitor (PDE5-I) use in urological and nonurological conditions. PDE5-Is can be taken up to once a day. However, at present only tadalafil is approved for use in both erectile dysfunction (ED) and benign prostate hyperplasia (BPH) with lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS). ...
Rubin Lewis J - - 2013
It has been axiomatic since the early clinical trials with epoprostenol (1,2) that drugs having efficacy treating Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension (PAH) have no clear beneficial effects in treating Pulmonary Hypertension due to left-sided heart disease, and may actually be deleterious. While dysfunction of the three major endothelial-derived pathways targeted by ...
Fukuda Keisuke - - 2013
A 68-year-old female with total occlusion of the bare metal stent in the left superficial femoral artery was treated by placement of three drug-eluting stents (DESs). Acute thrombosis developed on the next day. Thrombosis in the left popliteal artery to anterior tibial artery was found. An additional stent was placed ...
Wardle A J - - 2013
In recent times, paediatric pulmonary arterial hypertension management has been transformed to focus on disease modifying strategies that improve both quality of life and survival, rather than just symptom palliation. Sildenafil, a phosphodiesterase-V inhibitor, has been at the centre of this. Despite controversial beginnings, its success in treating pulmonary arterial ...
Igarashi Takashi - - 2013
Aortic repair for severely atheromatous aneurysm remains a challenge. We used an intermittent clamp technique for all visceral arteries during thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR) for a thoracic aortic aneurysm with a "shaggy aorta" to prevent systemic thromboembolism. In addition, we applied an extracorporeal circulation circuit to trap the thrombi ...
Gallo Michele - - 2013
Tissue engineering of heart valves investigates the possibility to create a fully compatible and biomimetic graft able to provide host cell repopulation like the native living valve. Decellularized aortic and pulmonary valves and synthetic polymers have been used to promote the creation of a native-like scaffold suitable to be colonized ...
Ferrari Enrico - - 2013
Traditionally, the transcatheter aortic valve replacement is performed through a transapical, a transfemoral or a trans-subclavian approach. Recently, the transaortic approach for transcatheter aortic valve replacement through the distal part of the ascending aorta was successfully implemented in order to avoid peripheral vascular access-related complications and apical life-threatening haemorrhage. The ...
Chaumais Marie-Camille - - 2013
Introduction: Sildenafil citrate is a potent, selective phosphodiesterase type 5 inhibitor approved for the treatment of pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) and plays an important role in the management of the disease. Areas covered: In this review, we focus on the current available information on the pharmacokinetics, pharmacodynamics, clinical efficacy and ...
Bahia Sandeep S - - 2013
Abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) has a reported prevalence rate of 1.4% in the US. AAA rupture accounts for an estimated 15,000 deaths per year, rendering it the 10th leading cause of death in men over the age of 55. Endovascular repair (EVR) has proliferated in the last two decades as ...
Eller Jorge L - - 2013
Persistence of the hypoglossal artery into adulthood is a rare vascular anomaly and, when present, provides the predominant vascular supply to the posterior circulation. We describe a case of vertebrobasilar insufficiency associated with severe high-grade stenosis of the persistent hypoglossal artery and tandem stenosis of the proximal ipsilateral internal carotid ...
van Bogerijen Guido H W - - 2013
Thoracic aortic aneurysm (TAA) is a silent disease, often discovered at a time point that dramatic complications, as rupture and dissection, occur. For the detection of asymptomatic TAA and prevention of such complications, it is essential to have an adequate screening tool. Until now, routine laboratory blood tests have played ...
Eller Jorge L JL Department of Neurosurgery, University at Buffalo, State University of New York, Buffalo, New York, - - 2014
Persistence of the hypoglossal artery into adulthood is a rare vascular anomaly and, when present, provides the predominant vascular supply to the posterior circulation. We describe a case of vertebrobasilar insufficiency associated with severe high-grade stenosis of the persistent hypoglossal artery and tandem stenosis of the proximal ipsilateral internal carotid ...
Indratula Rujadhorn - - 2013
This qualitative descriptive study, underpinned by the naturalistic inquiry, explored the lived experiences of individuals awaiting coronary artery bypass grafting in Thailand. Eleven northern Thai individuals volunteered to participate. Data were gathered through in-depth interviews and analyzed using content analysis. Two major themes arose: uncertainty of life and striving to ...
Varcoe R L - - 2013
The use of endovascular techniques for the treatment of occlusive arterial disease below the knee has gained widespread acceptance and is considered by many as the first line treatment for patients with critical limb ischaemia. Tibial angioplasty and stenting have a high rate of technical success and are relatively low ...
Goverde P C J M - - 2013
Endovascular treatment of occlusive disease of the aortic bifurcation is challenging. We developed the Covered Endovascular Reconstruction of Aortic Bifurcation or CERAB-technique, as a new approach for extensive and/or recurrent aortoiliac occlusive disease using three covered balloon expandable stents to reconstruct the aortic bifurcation. This configuration provides the ability to ...
Moris D N - - 2013
Aim: Abdominal aorta aneurysm (AAA) is a serious threat for human life, especially in such cases when it is asymptomatic until aneurysm rupture, which is a general cause of death in AAA subjects. We aim to give a conceptual description of the potential biomarkers that can correlate and predict the ...
Kwok On-Hing - - 2013
The development of modern coronary stent platforms has transformed the landscape of interventional cardiology. Contemporary coronary stents are much more deliverable than older-generation stents. However, longitudinal deformation has emerged as a "new" complication in modern coronary stent platforms. Although most reported cases of longitudinal stent deformation involve mechanical or technical ...
Wong Dennis T L - - 2013
Neoatherosclerosis is one of the multiple mechanisms that cause stent thrombosis, which is one of the rare but severe complications of drug-eluting stent implantation. This case study highlights the use of optical coherence tomography in identifying the precise mechanism of the stent thrombosis, which helped guide the appropriate intervention.
Barner Hendrick B - - 2013
This is the third in a series on coronary artery bypass which reviews three alternative arterial conduits. The radial artery has become the most widely used of the three and accumulating experience demonstrates better patency at 10 years versus saphenous vein. Drawbacks are a long incision on the forearm, the ...
Fraidenburg Dustin - - 2013
Abstract Fraidenburg, Dustin, Jason Yuan. Current and future targets for pulmonary arterial hypertension. High Alt Med Biol 14:134-143, 2013.-Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) remains a poorly understood disorder with dire consequences. Progression of disease often leads to right heart failure and death without lung transplantation. Limited therapeutic strategies exist for the ...
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