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Results 451 - 500 of 1937
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Ghali Michael George Zaki - - 2013
Mycotic aneurysms may arise in the setting of many local or systemic infections. Those of the intracranial circulation are especially worrisome due to their potential to compress vital neural structures and their propensity for rupture with consequent hemorrhage. Mycotic aneurysms of the intracavernous internal carotid artery (ICA) represent an exceedingly ...
Bank William O - - 2013
Endovascular embolization of brain arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) has improved with liquid occlusive agents, but flow-related and anatomic restrictions limit endovascular capabilities. AVM compartments supplied by leptomeningeal networks and feeding arteries too small and/or tortuous for safe catheterization are rarely penetrated by liquid occlusive agents. A case with both impediments prompted ...
Davis Christopher B - - 2013
A timely diagnosis of aortic dissection is associated with lower mortality. The use of emergent bedside ultrasound has been described to diagnose aortic dissection. However, there is limited literature regarding the use of bedside ultrasound to identify superior mesenteric artery dissection, a known high-risk feature of aortic dissection. Our aim ...
Saba Luca - - 2013
Atherosclerosis involving the carotid arteries has a high prevalence in the population worldwide. This condition is significant because accidents of the carotid artery plaque are associated with the development of cerebrovascular events. For this reason, carotid atherosclerotic disease needs to be diagnosed and those determinants that are associated to an ...
Shah A - - 2013
Central venous catheterisation is a commonly performed procedure in anaesthesia, critical care, acute and emergency medicine. Traditionally, subclavian venous catheterisation has been performed using the landmark technique and because of the complications associated with this technique, it is not commonly performed in the United Kingdom - where the accepted practice ...
Blecha Matthew J - - 2013
Critical limb ischemia refers to the clinical state of advanced arterial occlusive disease, placing an extremity at risk for gangrene and limb loss. Critical limb ischemia has 2 broad clinical subcategories that are vital to differentiate: acute limb ischemia and chronic arterial occlusive disease. This article reviews the etiologies, diagnosis, ...
Mousa Albeir Y - - 2013
The evolution of minimally invasive procedures to treat aortic aneurysms has expanded to include access interventions as well. Traditionally, groin exposures have been the standard approach for common femoral artery exposure with open cutdown; however, inherent and related complications to that approach have paved the road to the percutaneous approach. ...
Sastri Savitr Bv - - 2013
Giant aneurysms of the cavernous carotid artery are rare entities which present predominantly with features of compression of the adjacent neural structures, most commonly the III, IV, VI and V cranial nerves. Historically, treatment options included occlusion of the feeding vessel, direct surgery on the aneurysm, bypass procedures and in ...
Tverskaya M S - - 2013
Histoenzymological changes, indicating inhibition of the main metabolic processes, were found in the conduction cardiomyocytes of the left ventricle and ventricular septum in experimental stenosis of the aorta. The histoenzymological changes in the conduction system of both ventricles and ventricular septum were similar in experimental stenosis of the pulmonary artery ...
de Perrot Marc M Division of Thoracic Surgery, Toronto General Hospital, University Health Network, Toronto, Ontario, Canada. - - 2013
Limited tissue is available to cover the bronchial stump after right extrapleural pneumonectomy for malignant pleural mesothelioma. After completing the resection, the pericardial reflection can be freed from the superior vena cava, the right pulmonary artery and veins, and the posterior wall of the pericardial sac between the transverse and ...
Morell Carola M CM Department of Surgery and Interdisciplinary Medicine, University of Milano-Bicocca, Milan, - - 2013
Cholangiocytes are involved in a variety of processes essential for liver pathophysiology. To meet their demanding metabolic and functional needs, bile ducts are nourished by their own arterial supply, the peribiliary plexus. This capillary network originates from the hepatic artery and is strictly arranged around the intrahepatic bile ducts. Biliary ...
Kim Young-Tae - - 2013
The current study proposes a model of the cardiovascular system that couples heart cell mechanics with arterial hemodynamics to examine the physiological role of arterial blood pressure (BP) in left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH). We developed a comprehensive multiphysics and multiscale cardiovascular model of the cardiovascular system that simulates physiological events, ...
Tadic Marijana - - 2013
Arterial hypertension and atrial fibrillation (AF) are very prevalent cardiovascular diseases, commonly seen together. Considering the fact that frequency of these medical conditions is constantly increasing due to human life extension, AF will be one of the major risks of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality in the future. Several pathophysiological mechanisms ...
McLaughlin Nancy - - 2013
Arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) of the superior vermis, superomedian cerebellum, and tectum are uncommon lesions. Various routes have enabled accessing the precentral cerebellar fissure and the posterior incisural space. We review the OITT technique, its advantages and limitations for treatment of such AVMs. We present a case series of six superior ...
Mortazavi Martin M - - 2013
Vein of Galen aneurysmal malformations are a rare and diverse group of entities with a complex anatomy, pathophysiology, and serious clinical sequelae. Due to their complexity, there is no uniform treatment paradigm. Furthermore, treatment itself entails the risk of serious complication. Offering the best treatment option is dependent on an ...
Akkus Nuri I - - 2013
Peripheral arterial disease involvement of the superficial femoral artery (SFA) is common. Different endovascular techniques are used successfully for revascularization of this artery. A retrograde approach to chronic total occlusion (CTO) of the SFA through the ipsilateral popliteal artery has been used occasionally if an antegrade approach is not feasible ...
van Ooij P J A M - - 2013
When breathing oxygen with partial oxygen pressures [Formula: see text] of between 50 and 300kPa pathological pulmonary changes develop after 3-24h depending on the [Formula: see text] . This kind of injury (known as pulmonary oxygen toxicity) is not only observed in ventilated patients but is also considered an occupational ...
Lee Michael S - - 2013
Vascular access plays a critical role in the success of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Transradial access is more commonly implemented in Europe compared to the United States, although it has increased in the United States over the past several years. Given that the radial artery is more superficial than the ...
Emmert Maximilian Y - - 2013
Endovascular occlusion of blood vessels is an important part of interventional therapy concepts. Here, we evaluate the feasibility, procedural safety and efficacy of the novel endovascular occlusion system (EOS) in the arterial system in a porcine model. Thirteen devices were deployed in the iliac and femoral arteries (diameter: 4-5 mm) ...
Garbey Marc - - 2013
Adaptation of vein bypass grafts to the mechanical stresses imposed by the arterial circulation is thought to be the primary determinant for lesion development, yet an understanding of how the various forces dictate local wall remodeling is lacking. We develop a dynamical system that summarizes the complex interplay between the ...
Ansari Farzana - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to review the available literature regarding the biomechanics of the superficial femoral artery (SFA) and popliteal artery (PA) in patients with peripheral arterial disease (PAD). Stents are one of many available therapies used to treat patients with PAD. Because stents are permanent implants, they ...
Ikenaga Shigeru S Department of Surgery and Clinical Science, Yamagchi University School of Medicine, Yamaguchi, - - 2014
We describe a rare case of an ascending aortic pseudoaneurysm 31 years after mitral valve replacement with a Björk-Shiley mechanical valve. The aneurysm presumably expanded gradually during the years following surgery. As the valve was functioning normally, it was left in situ while the ascending aorta was replaced. This report ...
Kim Kwang Seog - - 2013
Abstract We successfully reconstructed a large defect that had been created by resection of an unstable, contracted, and hypertrophic scar with a chronic ulcer on the lower sternal area of a 67-year-old man. We used bilateral V-Y advancement flaps based on internal mammary artery perforators.
Dahdouh Ziad - - 2013
Iatrogenic aortic or coronary dissections are well known complications in the field of interventional cardiology. They are the most dreadful situations, often with terrible consequences. We present herein a case of bidirectional dissection to the right coronary artery and to the ascending aorta during a transcatheter aortic valve implantation procedure.
Hori Daijiro D Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Fujigaoka Hospital, Showa University, Kanagawa, - - 2013
A 73-year-old man with 2-vessel coronary artery disease underwent a staged percutaneous coronary intervention that resulted in rupture of the right coronary artery and pseudoaneurysm formation. Although the pseudoaneurysm regressed over a week, it reexpanded after a year. Resection of the pseudoaneurysm and coronary artery bypass grafting were performed. The ...
Abdulkareem Nada N Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, St George's Hospital University of London, London, - - 2013
Aortic aneurysm is a deceptively indolent disease that can cause severe complications such as aortic rupture and dissection. In the normal aorta, vascular smooth muscle cells within the medial layer produce and sustain the extracellular matrix (ECM) that provides structural support but also retains soluble growth factors and regulates their ...
Gould Sarah T - - 2013
This review highlights aspects of calcific aortic valve disease that encompass the entire range of aortic valve disease progression from initial cellular changes to aortic valve sclerosis and stenosis, which can be initiated by changes in blood flow (hemodynamics) and pressure across the aortic valve. Appropriate hemodynamics is important for ...
Carabello Blase A - - 2013
Aortic stenosis is perhaps the most common of all valvular heart diseases in the developed nations of the world. Once primarily caused by rheumatic fever, the most common pathogenesis today is an active inflammatory process with some features that are similar to atherosclerosis. Because of this shift, the age at ...
Li-Fei Wu - - 2013
Carotid endarterectomy(CEA)has been proved to be an effective surgery to treat the cerebral ischemia caused by carotid atherosclerotic stenosis. However,there is still no effective mean for the early diagnosis of the CEA-related severe complications such as stroke and death. Many studies have explored the potential biomarkers for stroke alert,although there ...
Ahmad Rashidi - - 2013
Peripheral vascular injuries result from penetrating or blunt trauma to the extremities. We describe here an unusual cause of a radial artery injury by the spine from the pectoral fin of Pangasius sutchi in a 51 year-old man and we review the literature.
Klinger James R - - 2013
Nitric oxide (NO) signaling plays a major role in modulating vascular tone and remodeling in the pulmonary circulation, but its role in the pathogenesis of pulmonary vascular diseases is still not completely understood. Numerous abnormalities of NO synthesis and signaling have been identified in animal models of pulmonary vascular disease ...
Li Xuebiao - - 2013
Since 2002, transapical aortic valve replacement has been developed as a clinical pathway for transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI). However the appropriate role of TA in the AS population versus TF remains unclear. We performed a meta-analysis to assess if TF has any benefit in reduction of 30-day clinical complications ...
Bahls Martin - - 2013
The heterogeneous progression of atherosclerotic disease in the peripheral arteries is currently not well understood. In humans, artery specific disease progression is partly attributed to the local hemodynamic environments. However, despite similar hemodynamic environments, porcine brachial arteries are protected while femoral arteries are highly susceptible to advanced lesion formation. The ...
Nazer Babak - - 2013
As radial artery pseudoaneurysm (PA) is a rare complication of transradial catheterization, data on their management are sparse. Here, we report the case of a 77-year-old woman who underwent right transradial diagnostic cardiac catheterization, and subsequently developed a symptomatic PA. She underwent initial treatment with 20 minutes of mechanical compression ...
Troisi Nicola - - 2013
Mycotic aortic aneurysm is a not-so-rare condition and its modalities of treatment are still debated. Graft detachment represents a catastrophic complication after open repair of an abdominal aortic aneurysm. The dehiscence of a graft may have several causes, such as infection, fatigue of materials, and progression of the disease. In ...
Ballard-Croft Cherry - - 2013
We are developing a venovenous perfusion-induced systemic hyperthermia (vv-PISH) system for advanced cancer treatment. The vv-PISH system consistently delivered hyperthermia to adult healthy swine, but significant pulmonary hypertension developed during the heating phase. The goal of this study was to develop a method to prevent pulmonary hypertension. We hypothesized that ...
Roussel Arnaud - - 2013
Peripheral venoarterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation support provides prolonged support in the event of acute or acute-on-chronic cardiac and/or respiratory failure. This support serves as a bridge to recovery, decision-making, heart transplantation or ventricular-assist device implantation. It can be implanted either through a percutaneous approach using Seldinger's technique or via an ...
Barbanti Marco - - 2013
Vascular complications are still an important cause of morbidity and mortality with transcatheter aortic valve replacement. The aim of the present review is to review some of the recent developments and techniques, which have resulted in a reduction in the risk of vascular complications during transfemoral transcatheter aortic valve replacement.
Byrom Michael J - - 2013
No currently available conduit meets the criteria for an ideal coronary artery bypass graft. The perfect conduit would combine the availability and complication-free harvest of a synthetic vessel with the long-term patency performance of the internal mammary artery. However, current polymer conduits suffer from inelastic mechanical properties and especially poor ...
Vallely Michael P - - 2013
Bilateral internal mammary artery (BIMA) grafts are used for coronary revascularisation by only a minority of surgeons, despite a growing body of evidence suggesting improved survival when compared to use of only one internal mammary artery with additional saphenous vein grafts. Herein we review the evidence supporting revascularisation with BIMA ...
He Guo-Wei - - 2013
In comparison with standard saphenous vein grafts, use of the internal mammary artery (IMA) as a coronary artery bypass graft has achieved superior long-term results. This is related to the differences in the biological characteristics between the venous and arterial grafts. However, even arterial grafts are not uniform in their ...
Blitz Arie - - 2013
The radial artery (RA) has emerged as an important arterial graft for coronary bypass surgery. With improving five-year patency rates and increasing uptake, great attention has been focused on the optimal conduit harvesting technique. We herein present our approach to RA harvesting. Prerequisites of a successful harvest include adherence to ...
Navia José L - - 2013
Development and adoption of endoscopic minimally invasive saphenous vein harvesting prompted its application to the radial artery in an effort to minimize surgical trauma. Recently, we reported that endoscopic radial artery harvesting was associated with better wound appearance and it proved to be safe and effective, with less pain and ...
Elefteriades John A - - 2013
This chapter will provide a practical look at the rapidly evolving field regarding the genetics of thoracic aortic aneurysm. It will start with a look at the history of the genetics of thoracic aortic aneurysm and will then move on to elucidating the discovery of familial patterns of thoracic aortic ...
Gandhi Sunny J SJ Department of Nuclear Medicine and PETCT, Amrita Institute of Medical Sciences, Kochi, Kerala, - - 2013
Tc-99m macro aggregated albumin (MAA) is synonymous for lung perfusion scintigraphy and is part of the study in the evaluation of pulmonary thromboembolism. We wanted to highlight the utilities of Tc-99m MAA other than pulmonary embolism as a pictorial assay. Patients referred for Tc-99m MAA scintigraphy under various indications were ...
Talwar Sachin S Cardiothoracic Centre, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, - - 2013
We report a 6-year-old girl with anomalous origin of the right pulmonary artery from the aorta associated with a large ventricular septal defect. The challenges in the assessment of operability and issues in the surgical management are discussed.
Mall Nathan A NA Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Division of Sports Medicine, Rush University Medical Center, Chicago, - - 2013
Paget-Schroetter is a rare diagnosis in the general population; however, it is more common in younger, physically active individuals. Clinicians must be familiar with the symptoms, physical examination, and initial imaging and treatment to expedite care and prevent possible life-threatening complications. Urgent referral to a regional specialist may improve the ...
Aggarwal Saurabh S Pulmonary Disease Program, Vascular Biology Center, Georgia Health Sciences University, Augusta, Georgia, - - 2013
The pathogenesis of pulmonary hypertension is a complex multifactorial process that involves the remodeling of pulmonary arteries. This remodeling process encompasses concentric medial thickening of small arterioles, neomuscularization of previously nonmuscular capillary-like vessels, and structural wall changes in larger pulmonary arteries. The pulmonary arterial muscularization is characterized by vascular smooth ...
Rosa G M - - 2013
Several studies have been carried out on vulnerable plaque as the main culprit for ischaemic cardiac events. Historically, the most important diagnostic technique for studying coronary atherosclerotic disease was to determine the residual luminal diameter by angiographic measurement of the stenosis. However, it has become clear that vulnerable plaque rupture ...
Walters Andy - - 2013
This article discusses the appearance of the "aortic nipple" in chest radiography, and reviews the embryology and anatomy of the left superior intercostal vein which causes the appearance of an "aortic nipple." This radiological sign is useful in differentiating certain thoracic pathologies, such as pneumomediastinum, pneumopericardium, and medial pneumothorax. Pneumomediastinum ...
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