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Results 301 - 350 of 2189
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Gonzales Joaquin U - - 2013
To test the hypothesis that volume or intensity of daily ambulatory activity would associate with greater large artery compliance in healthy untrained adults. Cross-sectional study. Forty-five recreationally active young adults (22±3yr, 51% women) wore an accelerometer for 5.3±1.3 days for determination of average daily steps (volume) and 30-min peak stepping ...
Muradi Akhmadu - - 2013
Acute spontaneous and isolated dissection of the iliofemoral artery is an extremely rare entity. Conservative, surgical, and endovascular treatment have been used to treat such cases. To the best of our knowledge we report the first case of using hybrid management to successfully treat isolated external iliac artery dissection extending ...
Saba Luca - - 2013
OBJECTIVE. The purpose of this study was to compare the type of plaque and the degree of stenosis in the carotid artery bifurcation and the carotid siphon to explore potential correlations between these parameters. MATERIALS AND METHODS. A total of 119 patients (87 men, 32 women; mean age, 69 years) ...
Subasi Irmak Durur - - 2013
A 76-year-old woman was referred to our hospital for evaluation of a parathyroid adenoma, detected on sonography. It had been located posteroinferiorly to the right thyroid lobe. Parathyroid scintigraphy confirmed the right inferior parathyroid adenoma. During physical examination of the neck, a pulsatile mass in the anterior inferior right was ...
Lipponen Jukka A - - 2013
Continuous electrocardiogram, blood pressure and carotid artery ultrasound video were analyzed from 15 diabetics and 28 healthy controls. By using these measurements artery elasticity, overall baroreflex sensitivity (BRS) assessed between RR and systolic blood pressure variation, and neural BRS assessed between RR and artery diameter variation were estimated. In addition, ...
Uehara Yoshiki - - 2013
We present a case of stenoses in the right coronary artery with a previously deployed stent showing gross protrusion into the aorta. Despite difficulty in cannulation of a guiding catheter into the coronary artery, percutaneous intervention was accomplished using a novel technique to engage the protruding stent. © 2013 Wiley ...
Ziadinov Edem - - 2013
Proper detection of the deeply embedded left anterior descending artery remains a challenge. Many authors proposed different methods for artery identification, such as ultrasound Doppler, cineangiography, retrograde dissection overlying tissues, and exposure over the probe. Choice of the technique often depends on the surgeon's acquaintance and experience. The article compares ...
Zumofen Daniel W DW Bernard and Irene Schwartz Interventional Neuroradiology Section, Department of Radiology, NYU Langone Medical Center, New York University School of Medicine, 660 First Avenue, 7th Floor, New York, NY 10016, USA; Department of Neurosurgery, NYU Langone Medical Center, New York University School of Medicine, New York, NY, USA. Electronic address: - - 2013
We report a case of temporary Solitaire FR stent (Covidien, Mansfield, MA, USA) scaffolding to reduce coil herniation during embolization of a large neck anterior communicating artery aneurysm. In contrast to classic stent-assisted coiling, the fully retrievable stent is recaptured prior to detachment of the last coil. The presented technical ...
Jones Robert G - - 2013
<sec id="st1"><title>ABSTRACT</title> <bold><italic>Introduction:</italic></bold> Loss of arteriovenous fistula as access for hemodialysis leads to significant morbidity and increased mortality risk. <bold><italic>Methods:</italic></bold> Maintenance of this access is of paramount importance and we describe a case of a patient with a functioning radiocephalic fistula with associated arm swelling due to poor narrow caliber ...
Oppermann Johannes - - 2013
The purpose of our study was to systematize the arterial supply of the talus and characterize the vessel damage occurring in the talus after total ankle replacement. Previous studies exist using vascular injection to visualize the topic [Giebel et al. (Surg Radiol Anat 19:231-235, 1997); Mulfinger and Trueta (J Bone ...
Soudah Eduardo - - 2013
An aortic dissection (AD) is a serious condition defined by the splitting of the arterial wall, thus generating a secondary lumen [the false lumen (FL)]. Its management, treatment and follow-up are clinical challenges due to the progressive aortic dilatation and potentially severe complications during follow-up. It is well known that ...
Tokunaga Shigehiko S Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Kanagawa Cardiovascular and Respiratory Center, Yokohama, Japan - - 2013
The loop technique is useful for multiple chordal reconstructions in mitral valve repair. Although it is easy to anchor the loop to the tip of the prolapsed leaflet, take-down of the anchored loop is not easy. The devised loop-in-loop technique makes intraoperative adjustment of the neochordae quick and easy. This ...
Saba Luca - - 2013
To develop a semiautomatic method based on level set method (LSM) for carotid arterial wall thickness (CAWT) measurement. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of diseased carotid arteries was acquired from 10 patients. Ground truth (GT) data for arterial wall segmentation was collected from three experienced vascular clinicians. The semiautomatic variational LSM ...
Akkus Zeynettin - - 2013
As carotid intra-plaque neovascularization (IPN) is linked to progressive atherosclerotic disease and plaque vulnerability, its accurate quantification might allow early detection of plaque vulnerability. We therefore developed several new quantitative methods for analyzing IPN perfusion and structure. From our analyses, we derived six quantitative parameters-IPN surface area (IPNSA), IPN surface ...
Ali Murtaza Najabat - - 2013
Oesophageal cancer is the ninth leading cause of malignant cancer death and its prognosis remains poor, ranking as the sixth most frequent cause of death in the world. This research work aims to adopt an Auxetic (rotating-squares) geometry device, that had previously been examined theoretically and analysed by Grima and ...
Hoellering Adam B - - 2013
To compare the cardiac silhouette method with the vertebral body method in predicting the umbilical venous catheter tip position on ultrasound; to measure the length of the target zone for the umbilical venous catheter tip; and to determine the time taken for a neonatologist to ascertain position of the umbilical ...
Hiramoto Jun - - 2013
Kamiyama introduced a unique method of temporary cerebral revascularization using a radial artery graft (RAG) in his technical review. We tried original method with Sugita frame, and pointed out some disadvantages that include to avoid taking instruments or hands in and out, stability of hands, and unrestricted usage of brain ...
Lee Youn Joo - - 2013
There are very few reports assessing in-stent restenosis (ISR) after vertebral artery ostium (VAO) stents using multidetector computed tomography (MDCT). To compare the diagnostic accuracy of computed tomography angiography (CTA) using 64-slice MDCT with digital subtraction angiography (DSA) for detection of significant ISR after VAO stenting. The study evaluated 57 ...
Paryab Nasim - - 2013
Helical polymeric stents have been proposed as a suitable geometry for biodegradable drug-eluting polymer-based stents. However, helical stents often experience nonuniform local expansion (dog boning), which can prohibit full stent expansion using conventional methods. The development of stents and deployment methods is challenging and can be supported by numerical analysis; ...
Yoshioka Hideyuki - - 2013
Neck clipping of a large middle cerebral artery aneurysm was performed using a newly developed surgical microscope integrated with modules for both indocyanine green (ICG) and fluorescein videoangiography. During surgery, ICG and fluorescein videoangiography by intra-arterial or intravenous injection were safely carried out without interrupting the surgical procedure. Based on ...
Condino S - - 2013
The purpose of this in vitro study was to clinically assess the feasibility of a three-dimensional (3D) electromagnetic (EM) navigator, including sensorized catheters and guidewires, to determine any reduction in radiation dose and contrast medium injection. The study was performed using a navigator prototype developed at the EndoCAS center. The system ...
Shang Eric K - - 2013
Growing evidence suggests that peak wall stress (PWS) derived from finite element analysis (FEA) of abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAAs) predicts clinical outcomes better than diameter alone. Prior models assume uniform wall thickness (UWT). We hypothesize that the inclusion of locally variable wall thickness (VWT) into FEA of AAAs will improve ...
Voros Szilard S Global Genomics Group, Richmond, Virginia. Electronic address: - - 2014
The objective of this study was to compare the diagnostic accuracy of quantitative coronary angiography (QCA), coronary computed tomography angiography (CTA), and intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) with fractional flow reserve (FFR) measurements. Eighty-five lesions (40% to 99% diameter stenosis) in 85 patients were prospectively interrogated by QCA, CTA, IVUS, and FFR. ...
Lindstedt Sandra - - 2013
Abstract Background. It has been debated whether or not heparin infusion before or after non-heart-beating donors are declared dead improves the quality of pulmonary grafts. In clinical lung transplantation with heart-beating donors (HBDs) heparin is routinely infused prior to organ harvesting since it is believed to improve pulmonary grafts by ...
Ghatak Tanmoy - - 2013
Internal jugular vein (IJV) catheterization is a routine technique in the intensive care unit. Ultrasound (US) guided central venous catheter (CVC) insertion is now the recommended standard. However, mechanical complications still occur due to non-visualization of the introducer needle tip during US guidance. This may result in arterial or posterior ...
Florescu Marius C - - 2013
We present a case of arteriovenous graft pseudoaneurysms treated endovascularly with stent grafts and make suggestions regarding the technique of evaluating the pseudoaneurysms and choosing the proper location to deploy the stent grafts to maximize the outcomes and minimize the length of the graft covered by the stent. We also ...
Patel Tejas - - 2013
Objectives The aim of this review is to discuss different methods of working through radial artery (RA) and brachial artery (BA) vascular complexities in order to increase the success rate of transradial approach (TRA). Background Anatomical complexities of RA and BA vasculature is an important reason for failure of TRA. ...
Vachharajani Tushar J - - 2013
Nonmaturing arteriovenous fistula remains a hurdle in improving the fistula rate in the hemodialysis population. Timely referral can assist in salvaging fistula with endovascular interventions. Pathology at the inflow segment is frequently encountered as a primary reason for maturation failure. Conventional retrograde angiography can result in poor delineation of the ...
Avrahami Idit - - 2013
Cerebral emboli originating in the ascending aorta are a major cause of noncardiac complications following cardiac surgery. The hemodynamics of the aortic cannula has been proven to play a significant role in emboli generation and distribution. The aim of the current study was to perform a thorough numerical investigation in ...
Rim Yonghoon - - 2013
Mitral valve (MV) repair using expanded polytetrafluoroethylene sutures is an established and preferred interventional method to resolve the complex pathophysiologic problems associated with chordal rupture. We developed a novel computational evaluation protocol to determine the effect of the artificial sutures on restoring MV function following valve repair. A virtual MV ...
Shapiro M - - 2013
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE:Low-porosity endoluminal devices for the treatment of intracranial aneurysms, also known as flow diverters, have been in experimental and clinical use for close to 10 years. Despite rigorous evidence of their safety and efficacy in well-controlled trials, a number of key factors concerning their use remain poorly defined. ...
Wada Teruaki - - 2013
Coronary flow velocity reserve (CFVR) measurement in three major coronary arteries by transthoracic echocardiography is a promising and non-invasive method for detecting myocardial ischaemia. Its value when compared with fractional flow reserve (FFR) is unknown. Our aim was to determine the diagnostic accuracy of CFVR in three major coronary arteries ...
Xiao Nan - - 2013
We present a systematic comparison of computational hemodynamics in arteries between a one-dimensional (1-D) and a three-dimensional (3-D) formulation with deformable vessel walls. The simulations were performed using a series of idealized compliant arterial models representing the common carotid artery, thoracic aorta, aortic bifurcation, and full aorta from the arch ...
Nuri Takashi - - 2013
Recent supermicrosurgical techniques have made it possible to anastomose lymph vessels to the subdermal venular system. However, because the lymphatic fluid is clear and the vessel is translucent, soft, and fragile, with a thinner wall than blood vessels, supermicrosurgical lymphaticovenular anastomosis is a demanding technique. One difficulty of lymphaticovenular anastomosis ...
Tan Onder - - 2013
The Internal Mammary Artery (IMA) and its perforators play an important role in coronary bypass grafting and reconstructive breast, head, and neck surgery. This study aimed to obtain anatomic data pertaining to these vessels using Multi Detector Computed Tomography Angiography (MDCTA) and to demonstrate that the MDCTA could be a ...
Maleki Hoda - - 2013
Calcific aortic valve disease is the most common heart valve disease. It is associated with a significant increase in cardiovascular morbidity and mortality and independently increases the cardiovascular risk. It is then important to develop parameters that can estimate the stiffness of the valve. Such parameters may contribute to early ...
Kim S M - - 2013
To assess the additional value of adenosine-stress dynamic computed tomography (CT) perfusion (ASDCTP) imaging compared with coronary CT angiography (CCTA) alone to detect significant coronary artery stenosis for each threshold of 50% and 70% diameter stenosis. The study included 34 patients (65 ± 11 years, 79% men) with suspected coronary artery diseases ...
Shang Eric K - - 2013
Wall stress calculated using finite element analysis has been used to predict rupture risk of aortic aneurysms. Prior models often assume uniform aortic wall thickness and fusiform geometry. We examined the effects of including local wall thickness, intraluminal thrombus, calcifications, and saccular geometry on peak wall stress (PWS) in finite ...
Tane Shinya - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to compare the efficacy of 320-detector row computed tomography (CT) with that of 64-detector row CT for three-dimensional assessment of pulmonary vasculature of candidates for pulmonary segmentectomy. We included 32 patients who underwent both 320- and 64-detector CT before pulmonary segmentectomy, which was performed ...
Chen Yu - - 2013
Computed Tomography Angiography (CTA) plays an essential role in the diagnosis, treatment evaluation, and monitoring of cerebral aneurysms. Segmentation of CTA medical images of giant intracranial aneurysms (GIA) provides quantitative measurements of thrombus and aneurysms geometrical characteristics allowing 3D reconstruction. In fact, GIA demonstrated neuroradiological features and propensity of partial ...
Firwana Belal - - 2013
We performed an analysis to assess the need for conducting additional randomized controlled trials (RCTs) comparing open and endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) for abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA). Trial sequential analysis (TSA) is a statistical methodology that can calculate the required information size of a meta-analysis and assess the risk of ...
Helmi M - - 2013
Background: External leg and lower body compression (ELC) has been used for decades in the prevention of deep vein thrombosis and the treatment of leg ischemia. Because of systemic effects, the methods have regained interest in anesthesia, surgery and critical care. This review intends to summarize hemodynamic effects and their ...
Karimi A - - 2013
Atherosclerosis is the most serious and common form of cardiovascular disease in which plaque builds up inside the arteries. Peak plaque stress is considered as the main reason for plaque rupture, which results in heart attack and stroke. In the current research, the finite element method is used to anticipate ...
Chan Sherwin - - 2013
We introduce a new technique for quantifying arterial stenoses, stenosis index (SI), using frequency analysis of the spectral Doppler waveform. Spectral Doppler waveforms obtained distal to arterial stenoses were enveloped, and the envelope was transformed into the frequency domain via Fourier transform. Stenosis index represents the ratio of the power ...
Shammas Nicolas W - - 2013
We report a case of a stented common femoral artery acute occlusion following deployment of an Angio-Seal closure device treated successfully with JetStream atherectomy under distal embolic protection using a NAV6 filter. The JetStream device, with its rotational atherectomy and continuous active aspiration feature, was effective in restoring normal flow ...
Stoecker Christina - - 2013
Purpose: Computed tomography (CT) imaging is the modality of choice for lung cancer diagnostics. With the increasing number of lung interventions on sublobar level in recent years, determining and visualizing pulmonary segments in CT images and, in oncological cases, reliable segment-related information about the location of tumors has become increasingly ...
Park Hyun Wook - - 2013
This study proposes more objective methods for deciding the appropriate direction of the sylvian fissure dissection during surgical clipping in middle cerebral artery (MCA) bifurcation aneurysms. We reviewed data of 36 consecutive patients with MCA bifurcation aneurysms. We measured 2 indices preoperatively on 3-dimensional computed tomography angiography (3D-CTA). Analysis of ...
Chan Cangel Pui-Yee CP Accident and Emergency Medicine Academic Unit, Prince of Wales Hospital, The Chinese University of Hong Kong New Territories, Hong - - 2013
A proper alignment of the ultrasound beam to the aortic or pulmonary outflow tracts is essential to acquire accurate signals. This study aimed to investigate the influence of different positions on the acquisition of Doppler signals using a noninvasive transcutaneous Doppler ultrasound. This was a prospective observational crossover study. Two ...
Duangthongpon Pichayen P Department of Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Khon Kaen University, - - 2013
Bony landmarks are important in identifying and avoiding various structures, and thus, decreasing surgical morbidity. Knowledge of frontal bone was studied to help surgeons with safe craniotomy as temporooccipital region study was rare. To identify usefulness of supramastoid crest and relationship to venous and Labbe's vein. Twenty fresh cadaveric heads, ...
Mudaliar Radhika Paramesh RP Assistant Professor, Department of Anatomy, M.S. Ramaiah Medical College , Bangalore, Karnataka-560054, India - - 2013
Synostosis or fusion of atlas with occipital bone is known as occipitocervical synostosis, occipitalization of the atlas, or atlanto-occipital fusion. This is a rare congenital malformation at craniovertebral junction. Its incidence ranges from 0.08%-3% in general population. Occipitocervical synostosis result in narrowing of foramen magnum which may compress the brain ...
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