Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 578
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Porter T R - - 1997
OBJECTIVES: We sought to determine the effect of multivessel as opposed to single-vessel coronary artery stenosis on myocardial contrast defects observed with intermittent harmonic imaging and intravenous perfluorocarbon-exposed sonicated dextrose albumin contrast injection. BACKGROUND: Intermittent harmonic imaging has permitted the detection of myocardial perfusion abnormalities with an intravenous ultrasound contrast ...
van Ommen V G - - 1997
PURPOSE: To evaluate distal embolization while using the Hydrolyser (hydrodynamic thrombectomy catheter) with special attention to the severity of the stenosis and temporary distal or proximal flow obstruction. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The Hydrolyser procedure was assessed in plastic tubes (5-8 mm) with a 70% or 90% diameter stenosis with or ...
Hirata N - - 1997
Patients with mild pulmonary stenosis after infancy rarely have symptoms or develop increasing obstruction. We experienced a 68-year-old woman with severe pulmonary valvar and infundibular stenosis (peak to peak pressure gradient = 80 mmHg). She had been pointed out heart disease at the age of six. Endocarditis at the age ...
al-Halees Z - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: To assess durability and viability of autologous aortic tissue used to augment severe branch pulmonary artery stenosis with a novice surgical technique. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Seven patients underwent corrective surgery for complex cyanotic congenital heart disease. Their age ranged from 3-6 years, and their weight 11-17.4 kg. All had ...
Gill E A - - 1997
Noninvasive cardiac imaging techniques now make it possible to determine the morphologic and hemodynamic status of patients with aortic stenosis, even in early asymptomatic stages of the disease. This is particularly important since the prognosis is generally poor once symptoms are apparent and since replacement of the aortic valve is ...
Dietz U - - 1997
AIMS: Excellent agreement between different 'second generation' systems for quantitative coronary arteriography (QCA) has been found in in vitro measurements. To verify the quality and stability of QCA when used in clinical practice, three QCA systems (AWOS, Cardio, and CMS) were used in a representative set of coronary artery lesions. ...
Downing J M - - 1997
High-grade stenosis can produce conditions in which the artery may collapse. A one-dimensional numerical model of a compliant stenosis was developed from the collapsible tube theory of Shapiro. The model extends an earlier model by including the effects of frictional losses and unsteadiness. The model was used to investigate the ...
Post K - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: To compare the degree of vessel narrowing seen on selective and non-selective carotid artery catheter angiograms using criteria set by NASCET and ECST with the results obtained from corresponding surgical specimens. SUBJECTS: In 40 preoperative angiograms (20 non-selective, 20 selective) the 'distal' degree of internal carotid artery (ICA) stenosis ...
Tacke J - - 1997
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: The authors evaluated the influence of a proximal arterial stenosis on the poststenotic doppler spectrum of a second, distal stenosis and determined duplex parameters, which permitted description of the severity of the distal stenosis. METHODS: Moderate (ie, 50%) and severe (ie, 90%) stenoses of the distal aorta ...
Milo S - - 1997
For neonates with severe valvar stenosis, or valvar pulmonary atresia with an imperforate pulmonary valve, we present a simple but effective closed procedure using a specially designed valvectomy punch. Seven neonates, who were not suitable for any type of transcatheter procedure, were treated. There were two late deaths, neither directly ...
Subahi Saad A. - - 1997
The role of transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) in diagnosis of disorders of the thoracic aorta is well established. In this report the TEE findings in an adult patient with supravalvular aortic stenosis are presented. This showed narrowing of the ascending aorta just above the sinuses, due to fibromuscular thickening, causing an ...
Sigfússon G - - 1997
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to examine the echocardiographic abnormalities of the left ventricular outflow tract associated with subaortic stenosis in children. BACKGROUND: Considerable evidence suggests that subaortic stenosis is an acquired and progressive lesion, but the etiology remains unknown. We have proposed a four-stage etiologic process for ...
Rumberger J A - - 1997
OBJECTIVES: We sought to determine a range of cutpoints for coronary calcium scores measured by electron beam computed tomography (EBCT) in predicting the likely severity of associated angiographic coronary artery stenoses. BACKGROUND: EBCT can quantify coronary calcium and allow the estimation of atherosclerotic plaque burden, but use of the calcium ...
Migliavacca F - - 1997
The bidirectional cavopulmonary anastomosis is a surgical technique utilized to treat severe congenital malformations of the right part of the heart. It is obtained by anastomosing the superior vena cava to the superior aspect of the undivided right pulmonary artery. Transient simulations with a three-dimensional model of the bidirectional cavopulmonary ...
Blumberg F C - - 1997
We investigated whether multiplane transesophageal Doppler echocardiography using transgastral views allows determination of pressure gadients and valve areas in patients with aortic stenosis. This technique was feasible in 35 of 39 patients (90%), with highly significant correlations with results obtained from transthoracic Doppler echocardiography and cardiac catheterization, thus offering an ...
Henn W - - 1997
We present a family with an autosomal dominant phenotype characterized by pulmonary valve stenosis, craniofacial dysplasia with marked hypertelorism and, as a variable feature, progressive hydrocephalus. This phenotype is manifested in four patients from three subsequent generations of a family, with expression ranging from mild pulmonary stenosis combined with slight ...
Kuntz K M - - 1997
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Published criteria for the determination of carotid stenosis have been widely applied by vascular laboratories. We compared two vascular laboratories and their duplex ultrasound (DU) machines in terms of their overall diagnostic performance and the optimal criteria to identify patients who have a 70% to 99% stenosis ...
Hoskins P R - - 1997
Maximum velocity as measured from spectral Doppler is dependent on the angle theta between the bean and the direction of motion of blood. The Doppler shift is dependent on the velocity component in the direction of the ultrasound beam, hence theta cannot be determined accurately. These factors produce errors in ...
Anand R - - 1997
We report our experience with asymptomatic valvar aortic stenosis diagnosed during infancy. During the period between November 1, 1986 and October 31, 1992 a total of 13 infants were diagnosed with asymptomatic aortic stenosis, 5 of whom showed rapid progression over the first 2 years of life. Two of these ...
Reardon M - - 1996
Aortic stenosis is common in the elderly. Basal systolic murmurs are also common. We studied 512 patients over the age of 65 years to ascertain the prevalence of basal systolic murmurs and by using echocardiography on those with basal murmurs to determine the prevalence of significant aortic stenosis. 29% (148) ...
Fernández A L - - 1996
Diverticula of the left ventricle are rare and only a few cases have been documented in adults. They may be asymptomatic or may present with embolization, pain, endocarditis, or sudden death. We report the case of a 34-year-old woman who presented a cardiac arrest with ventricular fibrillation which required electrical ...
Yilmaz A T - - 1996
Two patients, aged 20 and 21 years, with supravalvular aortic stenosis and aneurysms of the coronary arteries are described. In supravalvular aortic stenosis, dilatation of the sinuses of Valsalva and multiple abnormalities of one or both coronary arteries are common. Aneurysm of coronary artery has not been well recognized as ...
Gottsauner-Wolf M - - 1996
Visual judgment of stenosis severity from cine-film or single-photon emission computed tomographic dipyridamole perfusion images was compared to assessment of stenosis severity as measured with digital quantitative coronary angiography. Thirty patients with angiographically verified single-vessel disease underwent dipyridamole thallium stress testing within 90 days of angiography. A percent diameter stenosis ...
Magnusson B - - 1996
Ileal conduit stenosis was diagnosed in 12 patients in the period 1981-1994. The time between urinary diversion and this diagnosis was 7-30 (mean 14) years. The clinical picture, i.e. colicky flank pain and/or fever, was produced by upper urinary tract obstruction. Intravenous urography, loopography and looposcopy were used in diagnosis. ...
Rychik Jack - - 1996
Aortic atresia or stenosis, when associated with hypoplasia of the left ventricle, presents the cardiac surgeon with a challenging reconstruction. Many preoperative and intraoperative decisions are now made on the basis of ultrasound data. Furthermore, echocardiography provides the most convenient way to time the stages of the reconstructive sequence and ...
Sugita Y - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy of retrograde balloon dilatation for primary pelvi-ureteric junction (PUJ) stenosis (RBDP) in children. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Sixteen children (12 boys, four girls; mean age 29 months) with primary PUJ stenosis initially underwent RBDP. A double-pigtail catheter was left in the ureter for 6 weeks to ...
Cohen A S - - 1996
A 35-year-old woman underwent reconstruction of her right pulmonary artery for treatment of acquired right pulmonary artery stenosis. The stenosis was secondary to tuberculosis causing both an extrinsic and an intrinsic obstructive component. After her reconstruction, the patient made an uneventful recovery, and perfusion to the right lung was subsequently ...
Line P D - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: To investigate how site and severity of arterial stenosis, and distance between tourniquet and measuring probe influences the postocclusive hyperaemic response in limb skin recorded by laser Doppler. DESIGN: Open study. MATERIAL: Nine Norwegian Landrace pigs. INTERVENTION: Experimental stenoses in the abdominal aorta, the external iliac and femoral arteries. ...
Nakanishi T - - 1996
Supravalvular aortic stenosis (SVAS) is rare in twins. We report monozygotic twins, both of whom had SVAS, coronary ostial stenosis, and peripheral pulmonary arterial stenosis, but no other phenotypic features of Williams syndrome. One of the twins died suddenly, but the SVAS and the right and left coronary ostial stenoses ...
Lynch M - - 1996
Acquired pulmonary artery stenosis is rare. There are two main types, firstly intrinsic disease of the pulmonary valve itself, such as carcinoid heart disease. Secondly, extrinsic compression of the pulmonary artery from a mediastinal structure. We report a case of acquired pulmonary supravalvular stenosis due to extrinsic compression by carcinoid ...
Toyota E - - 1996
Our aim was to evaluate the effects of intraaortic balloon pumping (IABP) on the blood velocity waveform in the absence or presence of coronary artery stenosis. Using anesthetized open-chest dogs, the septal arterial blood flow velocities were measured with a 20 MHz 80-channel ultrasound pulsed Doppler velocimeter in the absence ...
Wu J R - - 1996
We studied two brothers in a family with isolated congenital supravalvular aortic stenosis without Williams syndrome. Clinical, echocardiographic, hemodynamic and angiographic features of our cases were described. A severe long, narrowed supravalvular aortic stenosis involving the ascending aorta with proximal narrowing of the aortic branches and mild aortic insufficiency were ...
Pennell D J - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: The findings of magnetic resonance and x-ray angiography were compared for assessment of coronary artery stenosis in this validation study. BACKGROUND: Magnetic resonance angiography of the coronary arteries has recently been described, but there has been no comparison with x-ray angiography of localisation or assessment of important characteristics of ...
Le Thi Huong D L - - 1996
A severe arterial stenosis involving the origin of the posterior and anterior basal branches of the right lower lobe artery was discovered in a 86 year-old Caucasian woman who presented with a typical periarteritis nodosa. We believe it was specific because its discovery was concomitant to the diagnosis of periarteritis ...
Cobanoglu A - - 1996
Critical aortic stenosis has been a challenging congenital heart defect in the neonate commonly due to severe circulatory failure and multiple organ dysfunction. Since January, 1982, 20 neonates with a mean age of 5.6 +/- 1.6 days and weight of 3.25 +/- 0.1 kg underwent aortic commissurotomy. Early surgical intervention, ...
O'Boyle M K - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: The purposes of this study were to identify carotid artery duplex waveform abnormalities in patients with isolated aortic stenosis and to determine whether waveform abnormalities correlate with the severity of valvular disease. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-four patients with various degrees of aortic stenosis diagnosed by echocardiography and/or cardiac catheterization ...
Senapati A - - 1996
PURPOSE: To compare the incidence of stenosis after hand-sewn and stapled ileoanal anastomosis. Stenosis of the ileoanal anastomosis occurs in 5-16% of patients undergoing a restorative proctocolectomy but the incidence using a stapled technique is unknown. METHODS: Between 1976 and 1990, 266 patients underwent restorative proctocolectomy or proctectomy at one ...
Mann J M - - 1995
OBJECTIVE: To compare the assessment of severity of coronary artery stenosis by the conventional pathology methods with a method designed to resemble quantitative angiography. DESIGN: 31 human hearts harvested at necropsy were fixed by perfusion of the aortic root with 10% formol saline at 120 mm Hg for 24 hours. ...
Ho G H - - 1995
To define the prognosis of nonrevised graft stenosis, we studied 68 infragenicular bypass grafts in patients entered into our duplex surveillance program between 1986 and 1987. Patients were grouped according to the grade of stenosis as follows: grade I = < 50% stenosis, grade II = 50% to 75% stenosis, ...
Merkus J W - - 1995
For the diagnosis of allograft artery stenosis in recipients of a renal transplant with hypertension a noninvasive investigation such as echo-Doppler is preferable to invasive methods such as angiography. Therefore we analyzed our experience with echo-Doppler diagnosis of renal allograft artery stenosis. In 131 renal transplant recipients with hypertension echo-Doppler ...
Rask L P - - 1995
Dipyridamole single-photon emission tomography (SPET) is used for the detection of coronary artery disease (CAD) and the method has also been applied in patients with aortic stenosis. This study was undertaken to establish the gender-specific normal limits of thallium-201 distribution in patients with aortic stenosis and to apply these normal ...
Leclerc X - - 1995
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: No previous study has compared the reliability of carotid artery measurement provided by axial images, shaded surface display (SSD), and maximum intensity projection (MIP). METHODS: Helical CT and conventional angiography were performed prospectively in 20 patients with atherosclerotic stenosis of the internal carotid artery. Stenosis measurement was ...
Hozumi T - - 1995
Application of the continuity equation to Doppler catheter measurement of quantitative coronary flow velocity has been reported recently to be one of the accurate methods to evaluate mild to moderate coronary stenosis. This method, however, has not been validated in moderate to severe coronary stenosis. Furthermore, the ratio of prestenotic ...
Igawa T - - 1995
The authors present the results of a study in which stenosis was induced, resulting in either thrombus or intimal wall thickening, in rat carotid arteries. At > or = 75% stenosis in mildly denuded arteries, an acute and occlusive thrombus formation was induced, but the thrombus was significantly reduced in ...
Rimell F L - - 1995
Pediatric tracheal stenosis is a difficult problem that requires very careful preoperative evaluation and classification. Most forms of extrinsic compression are vascular in origin but can be associated with tracheomalacia, complete tracheal rings, and other anomalies of the aerodigestive tract. Optimally, both the vascular malformation and the intrinsic tracheal malformation ...
van Son J A - - 1995
BACKGROUND: Congenital pulmonary vein stenosis is a rare cause of obstruction of pulmonary venous blood flow with a high mortality. Acquired pulmonary vein stenosis is an equally serious condition. METHODS: Eight patients (age range, 3 months to 43 years; median age, 1.5 years) underwent surgical relief of pulmonary vein stenosis. ...
Agarwala B N - - 1995
A 15-year-old boy presented with chest pain and a new heart murmur. The clinical diagnosis of pulmonary stenosis was confirmed by two-dimensional and Doppler echocardiographic examinations. A large, encapsulated, partly solid and partly cystic tumor in the anterior mediastinum, visualized by ultrasonography, was compressing the main pulmonary artery and producing ...
Ang K C - - 1995
This paper examines the effects of triple stenoses (ie. three stenoses in series) in a reasonably large artery. The model developed is axi-symmetric and blood is assumed to be a Newtonian fluid. The governing equations are the Navier-Stokes equations and the continuity equation. These equations are solved using the Finite ...
Ho F M - - 1995
To compare the diagnostic value of dobutamine stress echocardiography with dipyridamole thallium-201 single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) in detecting coronary artery disease (CAD), we performed both tests on 54 patients who also underwent coronary arteriography. Dobutamine was infused at an incremental regimen of 5, 10, 20, 30 and 40 micrograms.kg-1.min-1. ...
Persad R - - 1995
OBJECTIVE: To describe the clinical presentation and pathophysiology of meatal stenosis occurring after circumcision. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The clinical presentation and operative findings are reported in 12 children who presented with meatal stenosis over a period of 3 years. RESULTS: The cardinal symptoms of meatal stenosis were penile pain at ...
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