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Results 151 - 200 of 578
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Jaffery Zehra - - 2007
Pulmonary artery compression in adults resulting from tumors is an uncommon condition often associated with poor prognosis. Among the imaging modalities used for diagnosis, the role of trans thoracic echocardiography in identifying secondary pulmonic stenosis due to extrinsic or intrinsic compression and more importantly the physiologic significance has been increasingly ...
Griffiths Leigh G - - 2006
Valvular pulmonic stenosis has been successfully treated in dogs via minimally invasive transcatheter balloon dilation procedures for almost 20years. Supravalvular pulmonic stenosis however is not amenable to balloon dilation procedures. Although several surgical procedures are described for treatment of pulmonic stenosis, the morbidity and mortality of these procedures are significantly ...
Kashima Ichiro - - 2006
A 24-year-old woman who had undergone excision of the membrane for discrete subaortic stenosis when 6 years old displayed recurrent subaortic stenosis and had a small aortic annulus, with a peak pressure gradient of 60mmHg. We chose to perform the Konno operation with a mechanical valve. This released the left ...
Rosetti Mihaela - - 2006
We describe the case of a patient with the Carney syndrome and several resections for recurrent left atrial myxomas who underwent autotransplantation of the heart with resection of the left and right atria and reconstruction of both atria with bovine pericardium. She subsequently presented with severe shortness of breath, ascites, ...
Scheiber Dora - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Williams-Beuren syndrome is a multisystem developmental disorder caused by a microdeletion at chromosome 7q11.23. In its classic form it includes dysmorphic facial features, joint contractures, retardation of growth and mental development, gregarious personality, visuospatial cognitive deficits, hypercalcemia, primary or secondary hypertension and cardiovascular disorders. AIM: Clinical diagnosis of Williams-Beuren ...
Phillips David - - 2006
The prevalence of aortic stenosis has been increasing in recent decades, and nurse anesthetists are more likely to encounter this problem as the population ages. Fortunately, the widespread use of echocardiography has expanded our understanding of valvular heart disease. The purpose of this course is to evaluate the current literature ...
White John J - - 2006
Randomized controlled trials have not shown that surveillance of graft blood flow (Q) prolongs graft life. Because luminal diameters affect flow resistance, this study examined whether the influence of diameters on Q can explain the limitations of surveillance. Inflow artery and outflow vein diameters were determined from duplex ultrasound studies ...
Arrington Cammon B - - 2006
Nonsyndromic supravalvar aortic stenosis (SVAS) is an obstructive vascular disorder often inherited in an autosomal dominant manner. With pulmonary artery involvement, stenotic lesions are nearly always peripheral or downstream of the pulmonic valve. In rare cases when the supravalvar pulmonic region is affected, the stenoses usually improve over time and ...
Wang Xin - - 2006
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Small subcortical infarcts (SSI, maximum lesion diameter < or =2.0 cm) are usually considered as infarcts caused by small vessel disease. However, SSI can also be associated with large artery occlusive disease such as middle cerebral artery (MCA) stenosis. We performed a prospective study to investigate the ...
Gould Jon Charles - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Gastrojejunostomy stenosis after laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass is a common occurrence. The incidence varies widely among reported series. We evaluated the impact of circular stapler size on the rate of stenosis and weight loss. METHODS: Our initial technique utilized a 21-mm circular stapler to construct the gastrojejunostomy. We switched ...
Jönsson Anders - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To determine mortality after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) in relation to degree of left main coronary artery (LMCA) obstruction. DESIGN: All patients without LMCA stenosis (n=3370), with low-grade stenosis (n = 261), high-grade stenosis (n = 224) or total occlusion of the LMCA (n = 15) were followed ...
Arora G - - 2006
Familial homozygous hypercholesterolemia is a rare disease with diverse clinical presentations. Patients often present with cutaneous xanthomas, particularly in the Achilles' tendon. They may have significant cardiovascular involvement, including premature atherosclerotic coronary artery disease and valvar and supravalvar aortic stenosis. Standard therapy includes diet modulation, pharmacotherapy, and lipid apheresis. Rarely, ...
Bartlett E S - - 2006
PURPOSE: Carotid stenosis quantification traditionally uses measurements of narrowest stenosis diameter. The stenotic carotid lumen, however, is often irregularly shaped. New PACS workstation tools allow for more precise calculation of carotid geometry. We compare the narrowest stenosis diameter with 2D area stenosis measurements, with the hypothesis that the narrowest diameter ...
Demondion Xavier - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the feasibility and potential usefulness of power Doppler ultrasonography (PDU) in the assessment of changes in arterial cross-sectional area in the thoracic outlet during upper limb elevation. METHODS: Forty-four volunteers and 28 patients with a clinical diagnosis of arterial thoracic outlet ...
Cury Ricardo C - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Sixteen-slice multi-detector computed tomography (MDCT) permits reliable noninvasive detection of significant coronary stenosis based on qualitative visual assessment. The purpose of this study was to determine the accuracy of MDCT to quantify the degree of coronary stenosis as compared to quantitative coronary angiography (QCA) using two different reconstruction methods. ...
Walker J - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: To determine velocity thresholds for diagnosing 'carotid stenosis >70%' and whether Vascular Studies Units in the United Kingdom used ECST or NASCET measurement methods. DESIGN: Questionnaire to 102 members of the Society of Vascular Technology of Great Britain and Ireland. RESULTS: One quarter (26%) of respondents reported that their ...
Bartlett E S - - 2006
PURPOSE: Carotid artery stenosis quantification uses percent diameter ratios from conventional angiography. Multidetector high-speed CT angiography (CTA) allows direct millimeter measurement of carotid stenosis. We hypothesize a linear relationship between millimeter stenosis measurements and derived percent, alleviating cumbersome ratio calculations. METHODS: Two neuroradiologists separately reviewed CTAs of 268 carotid arteries, ...
Cusack R J - - 2006
A 68-year-old woman, who had undergone coronary artery bypass surgery 5 months previously, was presented with cough, breathlessness and an elevated D-dimer. She was initially thought to have suffered a pulmonary embolus. A ventilation/perfusion scan demonstrated tracheal stenosis, which required dilation and endobronchial stent deployment. Tracheal stenosis is a well-recognised ...
Ubeyli Elif Derya ED Dept. of Electr. & Electron. Eng., TOBB Ekonomi ve Teknoloji Univ., Ankara, Turkey. - - 2006
In this study, a new approach based on adaptive neuro-fuzzy inference system (ANFIS) was presented for detection of ophthalmic artery stenosis. Decision making was performed in two stages: feature extraction using the wavelet transform (WT) and the ANFIS trained with the backpropagation gradient descent method in combination with the least ...
Caversaccio Marco - - 2006
To assess the long-term results of double bicanalicular silicone tubes in canalicular (presaccal) stenosis of the nasolacrimal duct system, a retrospective follow-up was performed on patients operated between 1992 and 2002. Forty-five patients were included in the study, 44 of whom had eyes with canalicular stenosis (primary dacryocystorhinostomy), 4 with ...
Ben-Ami D - - 2006
Antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) is a systemic autoimmune disorder characterized by a variety of clinical manifestations. Recent studies suggest arterial stenosis is involved in APS. Furthermore, arterial stenosis may be a relevant and treatable cause for hypertension, renal, CNS and gastrointestinal manifestations of APS. Our objective was to overview the published ...
Silvilairat Suchaya - - 2005
Evaluation of pulmonary outflow obstruction has focused on maximum instantaneous gradient (MIG). However, experience suggests that outpatient Doppler MIG often overstates the degree of stenosis. In this study of 132 patients with complex pulmonary stenosis, the mean Doppler gradient showed superior correlation and agreement with invasive peak-to-peak gradient (PPG) (r ...
Rodriguez-Revenga L - - 2005
Supravalvular aortic stenosis is an uncommon but well-characterized congenital form of left ventricular outflow obstruction. The lesion involves the ascending aorta and often occurs in association with pulmonary arterial stenoses or stenoses of other arteries, especially at major branch points. It can occur sporadically, as an autosomal dominant condition, or ...
Shitrit David - - 2005
STUDY OBJECTIVES: To compare the accuracy of virtual bronchoscopy (VB) with fiberoptic bronchoscopy (FOB) and pulmonary function testing (PFT) for the assessment of tracheal stenosis and bronchial anastomotic stenosis. DESIGN: Prospective case series. SETTING: Pulmonary institute of major tertiary university-affiliated center. PATIENTS: The study group included 10 lung transplant recipients ...
Silvilairat Suchaya - - 2005
Maximum instantaneous Doppler gradient has been the primary variable used to assess severity of pulmonary valve stenosis. However, recent observations suggest that outpatient maximum Doppler gradient often overstates clinical severity, as measured by catheter peak-to-peak gradient (PPG). This study sought to determine which outpatient Doppler gradient was most predictive of ...
Shields Christopher B - - 2005
OBJECT: There are no clinically based guidelines to direct the spine surgeon as to the proper timing to undertake decompression after spinal cord injury (SCI) in patients with concomitant stenosis-induced cord compression. The following three factors affect the prognosis: (1) severity of SCI; (2) degree of extrinsic spinal cord compression; ...
Sato Koji - - 2005
Acquired laryngotracheal stenosis is one of the serious complications of tracheal intubation. We report a case of unsuspected subglottic stenosis in a 5-year-old, who was scheduled for elective surgery and whose trachea had been intubated for 35 days in early infancy. Difficulties with airway management resulted in postponement of scheduled ...
Ichinose Tetsuo - - 2005
A 28-year-old man developed severe infundibular pulmonary stenosis (PS), coronary artery stenosis with sustained ventricular tachycardia (VT) 24 years after mediastinal irradiation (total amount of 40 Gray) for non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. Repair of right ventricular outflow tract and coronary artery bypass graft procedure were performed. Infundibular PS was successfully relieved after ...
Pasquini M - - 2005
Three different strategies should be associated for ischaemic stroke prevention in patients with internal carotid artery stenosis: vascular risk factors control, anti-thrombotic agents, and carotid revascularization. Patients are selected for carotid revascularization on the basis of the presence of clinical symptoms and degree of stenosis. The optimal indication for carotid ...
Zhang Zishu - - 2005
The aim of this study was to investigate CT angiography (CTA) luminal area measurements in the assessment of carotid artery stenosis compared with the current clinically used criteria based on lumen diameter measurements. Seventy-two vessels in 36 patients were evaluated by CTA and digital subtraction angiography (DSA). Two observers measured ...
Nakagishi Yoshinori - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Prolonged endotracheal intubation in children often induces intractable airway stenosis. The aim of the present study was to establish a new model of airway stenosis for developing an effective method of treatment. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The rabbit trachea was annularly incised, and the tracheal mucosa was scraped with a ...
Asif Arif - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Traditionally, arteriovenous hemodialysis access inflow stenosis has been reported to occur infrequently (0% to 4%). In contrast, recent reports have suggested a significantly higher incidence (14% to 42%). Interpretation of these studies has been complicated by the presence of one or more confounding factors such as retrospective study design, ...
Karppinen Jaro - - 2005
We showed previously that chronic Chlamydia pneumoniae infection increases the risk of lumbar artery occlusion. We did not evaluate, however, the effect of other risk factors for cardiovascular diseases in combination with this chronic infection. The purpose of this study was to investigate the combined effect of chronic C. pneumoniae ...
Ozumi Kiyoshi - - 2005
Familial hypercholesterolemia (FH) is an autosomal dominant disorder characterized by a high level of LDL-cholesterol and frequent coronary atherosclerosis. We studied a 64 year old woman with heterozygous (hetero) FH, who showed symptoms of chest pain and dyspnea with no other coronary risk factors than post-menopause and hypercholesterolemia. Although her ...
Dabiri Yaghoub Y M.Sc. student in the Biomedical Engineering Faculty, Amirkabir University of Technology, Tehran, Iran (e-mail: - - 2005
The goals of this research are: 1. To construct a software that can determine pressure and flow at different points of an arbitrary arterial network; 2. To investigate the effect of non-Newtonian model on pressure and flow waves in comparison with Newtonian model. The main assumptions in our physical model ...
Meyns Bart - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: We sought to evaluate the incidence and nature of pulmonary stenosis after implantation of the bovine jugular vein graft (Contegra; Medtronic, Inc, Minneapolis, Minn) in the right ventricular outflow tract. METHODS: Between May 2000 and September 2002, 58 Contegra conduits (8-22 mm) were implanted during primary (n = 27) ...
Ghanei Mostafa - - 2004
Sulfur mustard inhalation leads to different respiratory complications. In this article, we describe late stenotic effects of mustard gas inhalation on major airways. About 15 yr after exposure, suspect cases suffering from severe respiratory disorders underwent complete workup for central airway stenosis. Patients were evaluated with bronchoscopy and tracheal computerized ...
Han S W - - 2004
Limb shaking TIA is a rare but well-known feature of severe carotid artery stenosis. The authors report a patient who developed recurrent shaking movements of a leg. An angiogram showed the focal stenosis of the anterior cerebral artery. Ictal and postacetazolamide SPECT scans suggested a local hyperfunction of cortical neurons ...
Güler Nihal Fatma - - 2004
In this study, ophthalmic artery Doppler signals were recorded from 115 subjects, 52 of whom had ophthalmic artery stenosis while the rest were healthy controls. Results were classified using a wavelet-based neural network. The wavelet-based neural network model, employing the multilayer perceptron, was used for analysis of ophthalmic artery Doppler ...
Rafay Mohammed A - - 2004
A 7-month-old child with respiratory distress was diagnosed to have full-length tracheal stenosis with glottic stenosis. Slide tracheoplasty and anterior cricoid split with stenting for glottic stenosis were successfully performed, and the child has completed 5 years of asymptomatic follow-up. This case widens the scope for slide tracheoplasty, and cricoid ...
Tasca I - - 2004
The nasal valve represents the main region of nasal respiratory resistance; therefore, even small deformities in this area can result in breathing disorders. A total of 93 patients (55 male, 38 female, mean age 37 years, range 16-52) suffering from nasal respiratory impairment due to valvular stenosis were recruited to ...
Burch M - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Survival of neonates with critical aortic stenosis has improved over the past decade. Models based on morphological characteristics have been designed to help determine whether early survival is more likely after biventricular repair (surgical or balloon aortic valvotomy) or after a single ventricle staged palliative surgical strategy. However, late ...
Lee Meng-Luen - - 2004
The aim of this study was to report the experience of percutaneous transluminal pulmonary valvuloplasty (PTPV) in neonates and infants with severe to critical valvular pulmonary stenosis. From May 1997 to May 2002, a total of 7 consecutive patients, aged 2 days to 6 months, with severe to critical valvular ...
Benes V - - 2004
BACKGROUND: The generally accepted indications for carotid endarterectomy are the clinical picture and degree of per cent stenosis of the carotid artery. Despite the fact that stenosis measurement is defined, the methods vary considerably. The correlation of particular methods, especially angiography and duplex sonography, has been repeatedly demonstrated. However, the ...
Gardella Rita - - 2004
Arterial tortuosity syndrome (ATS) is a rare hereditary disorder with variable clinical presentation including tortuosity and elongation of the major arteries, often associated with pulmonary artery stenosis, pulmonary hypertension, and skin and joint laxity, suggestive of a connective tissue disorder. ATS is transmitted in an autosomal recessive mode, but the ...
Nishikimi Toshio - - 2004
PURPOSE: To examine whether coronary artery stenosis affects plasma levels of atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP), N-terminal proatrial natriuretic peptide (proANP), and brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) in patients with normal left ventricular systolic function. METHODS: We studied 104 consecutive patients with normal left ventricular function and suspected coronary artery stenosis. Plasma ...
Cloud Geoffrey C. - - 2004
Stenosis of the vertebral artery (VA) in either its extra- or intracranial portions is an important cause of posterior circulation stroke. Diagnosis of VA stenosis by noninvasive imaging techniques is improving and new endovascular and medical treatments are now available. However, the natural history of VA stenotic lesions is not ...
Smith Lindsay A - - 2004
Observer variability may limit assessment of aortic stenosis by Doppler echocardiography. This study aimed to assess whether echocardiographic contrast agent improves reproducibility of aortic valve area (AVA) measurements for patients with aortic stenosis. In all, 20 patients with aortic stenosis (67 +/- 10 years old) underwent noncontrast and contrast Doppler ...
Li Huabing - - 2004
The technique of lattice Boltzmann simulation has been applied to the study of two-dimensional particle suspensions through a modeled arterial stenosis. The stenosis model consists of two-side symmetric semicirculars in a planar channel with the width of the stenosis throat larger than d and less than 2d, where d is ...
Matsuura Kaoru - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: We report a rare complication--stenosis of the proximal anastomotic site caused by an inside felt strip--in surgery for acute type A aortic dissection. METHODS: Eight weeks after the emergent repair, the patient suffered from anemia and persistent high-grade fever. Computed tomography and transesophageal echocardiography revealed considerable aortic stenosis, while ...
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