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Results 101 - 150 of 549
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White John J - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The reliability of dialysis venous pressure (VP) in detecting stenosis is controversial. A mathematical model may help to resolve the controversy by providing insight into the factors that influence static VP. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, AND MEASUREMENTS: This study used inflow artery and outflow vein luminal diameters from duplex ultrasound ...
Seo DongMan - - 2007
We describe a modified simple sliding aortoplasty for supravalvar aortic stenosis. This technique is easier, has a more physiologic approach, and has the advantage of not using foreign material to provide aortic growth potential in children. For the patients presented in this study, the mid-term results of modified simple sliding ...
Madar Igal - - 2007
Myocardial perfusion imaging plays an important role in clinical management of coronary artery disease, but the most commonly used radionuclides significantly underestimate the severity of coronary artery stenosis. The objective of this study was to evaluate the potential clinical utility of the PET compound (18)F-fluorobenzyl triphenyl phosphonium ((18)F-FBnTP) and characterize ...
Kagadis George C - - 2007
Pulmonary artery sling is frequently accompanied by tracheal anomalies other than local compression, including focal/segmental or extensive stenosis (ring-sling complex). Recent advances in computed tomography technology, such as multidetector computed tomography with 3-dimensional imaging (3-D) and virtual bronchoscopy (VB), offer important and accurate information of the entire tracheobronchial tree. We ...
Chakrabarti Shanta - - 2007
Pulmonary venous stenosis has been a challenge to paediatric cardiologists and surgeons. In spite of significant improvements in the management and outcome of various congenital cardiac problems, the prognosis of this condition continues to be dismal. Acquired stenosis of the pulmonary veins has been described in the adult population, especially ...
Abdelkafy Wael M - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To assess the applicability and complications of slide tracheoplasty in the management of subglottic and upper tracheal stenosis in experimental animals. DESIGN: Subglottic stenosis was induced in 10 dogs by cauterizing the subglottic area and the upper 3 to 4 cm of the trachea. After 21 days, the severity ...
Haghi Dariusch D Medical Department, University Hospital Mannheim, Mannheim, - - 2007
We sought to validate the recently introduced peak to mean pressure decrease ratio (PMPDR), using the Gorlin formula and a hybrid method which combines cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR)-derived stroke volume with transaortic Doppler measurements to calculate aortic valve area (AVA). Data analysis in 32 patients with severe (AVA <or= 0.75 ...
van Tits Lambertus J H - - 2007
Exogenous radiolabeled annexin A5 is taken up by atherosclerotic tissue. We measured endogenous plasma annexin A5 and circulating oxidized low-density lipoprotein (oxLDL), a biochemical marker of atherosclerosis, in men with either severe angiographically determined coronary stenosis (n=90) or no or only minor stenosis (n=96). Men without history of cardiac disease ...
Takahashi S - - 2007
PURPOSE: To determine the effects of detector configuration, as well as vessel orientation, on the depiction accuracy of arterial stenosis using four-channel multidetector-row helical computed tomography (MDCT) angiography in vitro. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Five acrylic vessel phantoms (3 mm in diameter with 25 or 50% stenosis, or 5 mm with ...
Fawzy Mohamed Eid - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Significant infundibular stenosis and significant tricuspid regurgitation (TR) occasionally result from severe pulmonary valve stenosis in adults, and these 2 conditions have an adverse impact on morbidity and mortality in patients who undergo corrective surgery. The goal of this study was (1) to evaluate the long-term (up to 17 ...
Dharmakumar Rohan - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: This study investigates whether cardiac phase-resolved steady-state free precession (SSFP) magnetic resonance imaging can be used to detect regional myocardial oxygen deficits (MODs) and other functional changes (wall motion and ejection fraction) caused by coronary artery stenosis in a canine model. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Subsequent to changing the degree ...
Rafeiyian Sima - - 2007
To report calcified aortic stenosis due to hypercholesterolemia in two siblings. A 13-year-old boy with a history of dyspnea on exertion and a systolic murmur of aortic stenosis was referred to our center. Echocardiography showed combined valvular and supravalvular aortic stenoses with a good left ventricle systolic function and severe ...
Gurel Emre - - 2007
Discrete membraneous subaortic stenosis is an uncommon cause of left ventricular outflow tract obstruction. Although its relationship to infective endocarditis is well defined, the expected site of vegetation is over the aortic valve. We report on a 46-year-old man who had a discrete membranous subaortic stenosis, complicated with infective endocarditis, ...
Stout Karen K - - 2007
Aortic stenosis is a common condition, particularly in the elderly. The treatment is surgical, and any patient with symptomatic severe aortic stenosis should be considered for aortic valve replacement. Aortic stenosis causes an increase in afterload to the left ventricle, which when severe can lead to hemodynamic instability. Although the ...
Verberne Hein J - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The identification of patients with a significant proximal right coronary artery (RCA) is of clinical relevance since it may direct diagnostic and therapeutic strategies. This study was performed to determine parameters of (201)Tl RV perfusion SPECT which can be used to discriminate between proximal and distal RCA stenosis in ...
Zhang Wayne W - - 2006
PURPOSE: To compare conventional angiography (CA) and rotational angiography (RA) to assess the degree of angiographically-measured stenosis versus cross-sectional area (CSA) stenosis in an in vitro carotid model. METHODS: Various grades of stenosis were created by adhering different amounts of silicone rubber sealant onto the inner wall of clear, radiolucent ...
Imamaki Mizuho - - 2006
A kink in the internal thoracic artery (ITA) is a rare postoperative complication after coronary artery bypass surgery. The kink can be accompanied by significant stenosis and has been observed after the ITAs are harvested by the skeletonization method. In this report, we present two cases in which early postoperative ...
Wu Yen-Wen - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Atherosclerotic stenosis of extracranial carotid arteries is an important cause of ischemic stroke in Taiwan, an ethnic Chinese population. Concurrent atherosclerotic arterial disease is an important issue in the management of patients with carotid stenosis, but its prevalence and extent are unknown. METHODS: One hundred and sixty-three consecutive patients ...
Jaffery Zehra - - 2007
Pulmonary artery compression in adults resulting from tumors is an uncommon condition often associated with poor prognosis. Among the imaging modalities used for diagnosis, the role of trans thoracic echocardiography in identifying secondary pulmonic stenosis due to extrinsic or intrinsic compression and more importantly the physiologic significance has been increasingly ...
Griffiths Leigh G - - 2006
Valvular pulmonic stenosis has been successfully treated in dogs via minimally invasive transcatheter balloon dilation procedures for almost 20years. Supravalvular pulmonic stenosis however is not amenable to balloon dilation procedures. Although several surgical procedures are described for treatment of pulmonic stenosis, the morbidity and mortality of these procedures are significantly ...
Kashima Ichiro - - 2006
A 24-year-old woman who had undergone excision of the membrane for discrete subaortic stenosis when 6 years old displayed recurrent subaortic stenosis and had a small aortic annulus, with a peak pressure gradient of 60mmHg. We chose to perform the Konno operation with a mechanical valve. This released the left ...
Rosetti Mihaela - - 2006
We describe the case of a patient with the Carney syndrome and several resections for recurrent left atrial myxomas who underwent autotransplantation of the heart with resection of the left and right atria and reconstruction of both atria with bovine pericardium. She subsequently presented with severe shortness of breath, ascites, ...
Scheiber Dora - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Williams-Beuren syndrome is a multisystem developmental disorder caused by a microdeletion at chromosome 7q11.23. In its classic form it includes dysmorphic facial features, joint contractures, retardation of growth and mental development, gregarious personality, visuospatial cognitive deficits, hypercalcemia, primary or secondary hypertension and cardiovascular disorders. AIM: Clinical diagnosis of Williams-Beuren ...
Phillips David - - 2006
The prevalence of aortic stenosis has been increasing in recent decades, and nurse anesthetists are more likely to encounter this problem as the population ages. Fortunately, the widespread use of echocardiography has expanded our understanding of valvular heart disease. The purpose of this course is to evaluate the current literature ...
White John J - - 2006
Randomized controlled trials have not shown that surveillance of graft blood flow (Q) prolongs graft life. Because luminal diameters affect flow resistance, this study examined whether the influence of diameters on Q can explain the limitations of surveillance. Inflow artery and outflow vein diameters were determined from duplex ultrasound studies ...
Wang Xin - - 2006
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Small subcortical infarcts (SSI, maximum lesion diameter < or =2.0 cm) are usually considered as infarcts caused by small vessel disease. However, SSI can also be associated with large artery occlusive disease such as middle cerebral artery (MCA) stenosis. We performed a prospective study to investigate the ...
Arrington Cammon B - - 2006
Nonsyndromic supravalvar aortic stenosis (SVAS) is an obstructive vascular disorder often inherited in an autosomal dominant manner. With pulmonary artery involvement, stenotic lesions are nearly always peripheral or downstream of the pulmonic valve. In rare cases when the supravalvar pulmonic region is affected, the stenoses usually improve over time and ...
Gould Jon Charles - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Gastrojejunostomy stenosis after laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass is a common occurrence. The incidence varies widely among reported series. We evaluated the impact of circular stapler size on the rate of stenosis and weight loss. METHODS: Our initial technique utilized a 21-mm circular stapler to construct the gastrojejunostomy. We switched ...
Jönsson Anders - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To determine mortality after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) in relation to degree of left main coronary artery (LMCA) obstruction. DESIGN: All patients without LMCA stenosis (n=3370), with low-grade stenosis (n = 261), high-grade stenosis (n = 224) or total occlusion of the LMCA (n = 15) were followed ...
Arora G - - 2006
Familial homozygous hypercholesterolemia is a rare disease with diverse clinical presentations. Patients often present with cutaneous xanthomas, particularly in the Achilles' tendon. They may have significant cardiovascular involvement, including premature atherosclerotic coronary artery disease and valvar and supravalvar aortic stenosis. Standard therapy includes diet modulation, pharmacotherapy, and lipid apheresis. Rarely, ...
Bartlett E S - - 2006
PURPOSE: Carotid stenosis quantification traditionally uses measurements of narrowest stenosis diameter. The stenotic carotid lumen, however, is often irregularly shaped. New PACS workstation tools allow for more precise calculation of carotid geometry. We compare the narrowest stenosis diameter with 2D area stenosis measurements, with the hypothesis that the narrowest diameter ...
Demondion Xavier - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the feasibility and potential usefulness of power Doppler ultrasonography (PDU) in the assessment of changes in arterial cross-sectional area in the thoracic outlet during upper limb elevation. METHODS: Forty-four volunteers and 28 patients with a clinical diagnosis of arterial thoracic outlet ...
Cury Ricardo C - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Sixteen-slice multi-detector computed tomography (MDCT) permits reliable noninvasive detection of significant coronary stenosis based on qualitative visual assessment. The purpose of this study was to determine the accuracy of MDCT to quantify the degree of coronary stenosis as compared to quantitative coronary angiography (QCA) using two different reconstruction methods. ...
Walker J - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: To determine velocity thresholds for diagnosing 'carotid stenosis >70%' and whether Vascular Studies Units in the United Kingdom used ECST or NASCET measurement methods. DESIGN: Questionnaire to 102 members of the Society of Vascular Technology of Great Britain and Ireland. RESULTS: One quarter (26%) of respondents reported that their ...
Cusack R J - - 2006
A 68-year-old woman, who had undergone coronary artery bypass surgery 5 months previously, was presented with cough, breathlessness and an elevated D-dimer. She was initially thought to have suffered a pulmonary embolus. A ventilation/perfusion scan demonstrated tracheal stenosis, which required dilation and endobronchial stent deployment. Tracheal stenosis is a well-recognised ...
Bartlett E S - - 2006
PURPOSE: Carotid artery stenosis quantification uses percent diameter ratios from conventional angiography. Multidetector high-speed CT angiography (CTA) allows direct millimeter measurement of carotid stenosis. We hypothesize a linear relationship between millimeter stenosis measurements and derived percent, alleviating cumbersome ratio calculations. METHODS: Two neuroradiologists separately reviewed CTAs of 268 carotid arteries, ...
Ben-Ami D - - 2006
Antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) is a systemic autoimmune disorder characterized by a variety of clinical manifestations. Recent studies suggest arterial stenosis is involved in APS. Furthermore, arterial stenosis may be a relevant and treatable cause for hypertension, renal, CNS and gastrointestinal manifestations of APS. Our objective was to overview the published ...
Caversaccio Marco - - 2006
To assess the long-term results of double bicanalicular silicone tubes in canalicular (presaccal) stenosis of the nasolacrimal duct system, a retrospective follow-up was performed on patients operated between 1992 and 2002. Forty-five patients were included in the study, 44 of whom had eyes with canalicular stenosis (primary dacryocystorhinostomy), 4 with ...
Ubeyli Elif Derya ED Dept. of Electr. & Electron. Eng., TOBB Ekonomi ve Teknoloji Univ., Ankara, Turkey. - - 2006
In this study, a new approach based on adaptive neuro-fuzzy inference system (ANFIS) was presented for detection of ophthalmic artery stenosis. Decision making was performed in two stages: feature extraction using the wavelet transform (WT) and the ANFIS trained with the backpropagation gradient descent method in combination with the least ...
Silvilairat Suchaya - - 2005
Maximum instantaneous Doppler gradient has been the primary variable used to assess severity of pulmonary valve stenosis. However, recent observations suggest that outpatient maximum Doppler gradient often overstates clinical severity, as measured by catheter peak-to-peak gradient (PPG). This study sought to determine which outpatient Doppler gradient was most predictive of ...
Silvilairat Suchaya - - 2005
Evaluation of pulmonary outflow obstruction has focused on maximum instantaneous gradient (MIG). However, experience suggests that outpatient Doppler MIG often overstates the degree of stenosis. In this study of 132 patients with complex pulmonary stenosis, the mean Doppler gradient showed superior correlation and agreement with invasive peak-to-peak gradient (PPG) (r ...
Shitrit David - - 2005
STUDY OBJECTIVES: To compare the accuracy of virtual bronchoscopy (VB) with fiberoptic bronchoscopy (FOB) and pulmonary function testing (PFT) for the assessment of tracheal stenosis and bronchial anastomotic stenosis. DESIGN: Prospective case series. SETTING: Pulmonary institute of major tertiary university-affiliated center. PATIENTS: The study group included 10 lung transplant recipients ...
Rodriguez-Revenga L - - 2005
Supravalvular aortic stenosis is an uncommon but well-characterized congenital form of left ventricular outflow obstruction. The lesion involves the ascending aorta and often occurs in association with pulmonary arterial stenoses or stenoses of other arteries, especially at major branch points. It can occur sporadically, as an autosomal dominant condition, or ...
Shields Christopher B - - 2005
OBJECT: There are no clinically based guidelines to direct the spine surgeon as to the proper timing to undertake decompression after spinal cord injury (SCI) in patients with concomitant stenosis-induced cord compression. The following three factors affect the prognosis: (1) severity of SCI; (2) degree of extrinsic spinal cord compression; ...
Sato Koji - - 2005
Acquired laryngotracheal stenosis is one of the serious complications of tracheal intubation. We report a case of unsuspected subglottic stenosis in a 5-year-old, who was scheduled for elective surgery and whose trachea had been intubated for 35 days in early infancy. Difficulties with airway management resulted in postponement of scheduled ...
Ichinose Tetsuo - - 2005
A 28-year-old man developed severe infundibular pulmonary stenosis (PS), coronary artery stenosis with sustained ventricular tachycardia (VT) 24 years after mediastinal irradiation (total amount of 40 Gray) for non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. Repair of right ventricular outflow tract and coronary artery bypass graft procedure were performed. Infundibular PS was successfully relieved after ...
Pasquini M - - 2005
Three different strategies should be associated for ischaemic stroke prevention in patients with internal carotid artery stenosis: vascular risk factors control, anti-thrombotic agents, and carotid revascularization. Patients are selected for carotid revascularization on the basis of the presence of clinical symptoms and degree of stenosis. The optimal indication for carotid ...
Zhang Zishu - - 2005
The aim of this study was to investigate CT angiography (CTA) luminal area measurements in the assessment of carotid artery stenosis compared with the current clinically used criteria based on lumen diameter measurements. Seventy-two vessels in 36 patients were evaluated by CTA and digital subtraction angiography (DSA). Two observers measured ...
Nakagishi Yoshinori - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Prolonged endotracheal intubation in children often induces intractable airway stenosis. The aim of the present study was to establish a new model of airway stenosis for developing an effective method of treatment. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The rabbit trachea was annularly incised, and the tracheal mucosa was scraped with a ...
Asif Arif - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Traditionally, arteriovenous hemodialysis access inflow stenosis has been reported to occur infrequently (0% to 4%). In contrast, recent reports have suggested a significantly higher incidence (14% to 42%). Interpretation of these studies has been complicated by the presence of one or more confounding factors such as retrospective study design, ...
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