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Holmes David R DR - - 2009
Ablation procedures for atrial fibrillation are being performed with increasing frequency. One of the most serious complications is the development of pulmonary vein stenosis, which occurs in 1% to 3% of current series. The presentation of pulmonary vein stenosis varies widely. The majority of patients are symptomatic although specific referral ...
Perkins Peter - - 2009
Aortic stenosis is now the most common type of valvular heart disease in Europe and North America. Calcific aortic stenosis affects 2-7% of people aged over 65 years. Dyspnoea, chest pain, and syncope require investigation and surgery is the preferred option for suitable individuals. Operative mortality is 3-5% for those ...
Massyn M W - - 2009
Heyde syndrome is a triad of aortic stenosis, an acquired coagulopathy and anaemia due to bleeding from intestinal angiodysplasia. The evidence that aortic stenosis is the root cause of this coagulopathy is compelling. Resolution of anaemia usually follows aortic valve replacement. This article discusses studies linking aortic stenosis with other ...
Albacker Turki B - - 2009
We report an interesting case of a patient with Williams syndrome who presented with moderate supravalvar aortic stenosis and bilateral pulmonary artery stenosis at one week of age. The supravalvar aortic stenosis became severe by the age of one month with severe depression of left ventricular function. The patient had ...
Tulino Viviana - - 2011
Pulmonary stenosis can occur as part of more congenital cardiac malformations or as rare primary isolated pulmonary stenosis. It has been reported a primary isolated pulmonary artery stenosis in an asymptomatic 25-day-old newborn infant and a rare case of isolated pulmonary stenosis in a 66-year-old woman has been reported too. ...
Braun U - - 2009
The reticular motility in 144 cattle with vagal indigestion was evaluated by ultrasonography; 97 had proximal functional stenosis (reticulo-omasal stenosis) and 47 had distal functional stenosis (pyloric stenosis). A 3.5 MHz linear transducer was used to measure the frequency, amplitude, duration and speed of the reticular contractions per three minutes ...
Nemati Mohammad Hassan - - 2009
Homozygous familial hypercholesterolemia (FH) is an autosomal dominant disease caused by a mutation in the low-density lipoprotein (LDL) receptor. This mutation can lead to increased serum LDL, and subsequently to premature coronary artery disease. It may also lead to valvular and supravalvular aortic stenosis, these complications being cardinal in the ...
Peros George - - 2009
CONTEXT: Celiac artery stenosis is observed in a significant percentage of individuals in the general population. Although usually clinically silent and insignificant, due to the presence of extensive collaterals between the celiac artery and the superior mesenteric artery, celiac artery stenosis may be associated with potentially catastrophic ischemic complications in ...
Gaujoux Sébastien - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To assess prevalence, prevention, and management strategy of visceral ischemic complications after pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD). BACKGROUND: Ischemic complications after PD resulting from preexisting celiac axis (CA), superior mesenteric artery (SMA), stenosis, or intraoperative arterial trauma appear as an underestimated cause of death. Their prevention and adequate management are challenging. METHODS: ...
Gandy Kim L - - 2009
Williams-Beuren syndrome is associated with supravalvar aortic stenosis and peripheral pulmonary artery stenosis in the majority of affected individuals. Among patients in whom surgery for supravalvar aortic stenosis is contemplated, stenosis of the branch pulmonary arteries is common. For asymptomatic patients with subsystemic right ventricular pressure, the natural history is ...
Barrett Conor D - - 2009
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The diagnosis of pulmonary vein stenosis, following catheter ablation of atrial fibrillation, potentially carries significant morbidity for affected patients. It is important that physicians remain aware of the entity and have an understanding of how to treat such patients. There has been controversy in how to assess ...
Tomar M - - 2009
We report a rare case of sinus of Valsalva aneurysm of left aortic sinus, which was bulging into left atrium (LA) distorting mitral valve and rupture into the left ventricle with severe aortic regurgitation in a 25 years old male patient. Due to the rupture, both aortic and mitral valves ...
Han Seong Woo - - 2009
Comprehensive aortic root and valve repair (CARVAR) surgery using specially designed aortic rings was introduced as a new surgical technique for aortic valve disease. We present five consecutive cases of iatrogenic coronary ostial stenosis after CARVAR surgery in patients with aortic stenosis. The preoperative coronary angiography confirmed that all the ...
Picichè Marco - - 2008
Supravalvular aortic stenosis is a rare congenital anomaly characterized by variable amounts of left ventricular outflow tract obstruction distal to the aortic valve. Macroscopically, it is categorized into three morphologic subtypes: membranous, hourglass, and diffuse. The diffuse type is the most rare, and its surgical repair is the most challenging ...
Kao Yi-Hsuan - - 2008
PURPOSE: To assess spatiotemporal patterns of local perfusion in MR brain perfusion images for patients with unilateral carotid stenosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: MR perfusion images acquired from 12 patients with unilateral carotid stenosis were retrospectively segmented using independent component analysis. Regions of interest selected from the segmentation results were used ...
Ho Allen S - - 2008
Tracheal stenosis is a rare, potentially life-threatening condition described as innate narrowing of the tracheal lumen. The causes of tracheal stenosis vary widely. The most common forms result from prolonged intubation, although congenital causes usually involve complete tracheal rings or compression from cardiovascular malformations. The condition historically has harbored a ...
Oshima Yoshihiro - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Pulmonary artery sling is often associated with congenital tracheal stenosis and intracardiac anomalies. This study examines the influence of concomitant anomalies and individual surgical procedures. METHODS: Between 1984 and 2006, 31 patients underwent surgical repair of pulmonary artery sling (median, 6 months; range, 29 days to 9 years). Twenty-eight ...
Drossner David M - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Pulmonary vein stenosis is a rare, although often lethal, anomaly. Risk factors for the diagnosis of pulmonary vein stenosis are poorly characterized. In this study we sought to identify factors associated with pulmonary vein stenosis, paying particular attention to preterm birth. METHODS: By review of the cardiac database we ...
Yamaji Hirosuke - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Pulmonary vein (PV) stenosis is a major complication of PV isolation (PVI) by catheter ablation, so in the present study the optimal position for detecting PV stenosis on enhanced multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) image acquisition was determined. METHODS AND RESULTS: The 64-slice enhanced MDCT was carried out before and ...
Höllmer M - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the occurrence of aortic stenosis and establish echocardiographic reference values in the Dogue de Bordeaux in Denmark. METHODS: Fifty-three dogs were auscultated for evidence of a cardiac murmur and a full echocardiographic examination was performed. The criterion for the diagnosis of aortic stenosis was a peak aortic ...
Miura Takashi - - 2008
A rhombic shaped pulmonary autograft patch was applied to enlarge an ostial stenosis of the left main coronary artery (LMCA) in a 25-year-old woman diagnosed with vasculitis syndrome. The patch increased the width of the ostial stenosis and made a funnel-shaped connection. At eighteen months of follow-up, a coronary angiogram ...
Paulson William D - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Recent studies have shown that inflow stenosis of haemodialysis grafts is more common than previously realized. The influence of inflow stenosis on graft haemodynamics and venous pressure (VP) surveillance has not been previously systematically studied. METHODS: We used a well-established mathematical model to determine the relation between inflow stenosis ...
Tzouvelekis Argyris - - 2008
Tracheal stenosis may be attributed to several conditions including trauma, infection, tumour or congenital and collagen vascular diseases. Despite improvement in the design of tracheal tubes, however, tracheal stenosis following intubation still remains an important cause for tracheal obstruction, which may be life threatening and often misdiagnosed. On the other ...
Anagnostopoulos Constantinos - - 2008
The relationship between myocardial blood flow (MBF) and stenosis severity has been determined previously using cyclotron-produced radiotracers such as (15)O-H(2)O and (13)N-ammonia. An attractive alternative to overcome the limitations related to the use of cyclotron might be to use the generator-produced (82)Rb as a flow tracer. The current study was ...
Bozof Ryan - - 2008
Most arteriovenous grafts fail due to irreversible thrombosis, superimposed on hemodynamically significant vascular stenosis. Previous studies observed the highest frequency of stenosis at the venous anastomosis, without addressing the timing of stenosis. The present study quantified time to symptomatic stenosis at different vascular locations, and related it to permanent graft ...
Sato Akira - - 2008
Coronary stenosis severity by 64-slice CT angiography (CTA) is acceptably correlated with intravascular ultrasound. Stress myocardial perfusion imaging using SPECT is an established method for assessment of the functional significance of coronary stenosis. Our aim was to assess a clinical validation of quantitative measurements of coronary stenosis severity by 64-slice ...
O'Reardon John P - - 2008
We report the safe administration of a course of electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) in a 96-year-old woman with severe aortic stenosis. The patient experienced a relapse of her severe depression when ECT had been withheld because of increased concerns regarding medical risk given her age and degree of aortic stenosis. Reassessment ...
Wikström J - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Whole-body magnetic resonance angiography (WBMRA) permits noninvasive vascular assessment, which can be utilized in epidemiological studies. PURPOSE: To assess the relation between a low ankle brachial index (ABI) and high-grade stenoses in the pelvic and leg arteries in the elderly. MATERIAL AND METHODS: WBMRA was performed in a population ...
Saito Takahiro - - 2008
Congenital esophageal stenosis (CES) is a rare anomaly, and appropriate management is not well established. We performed myectomy of the esophageal wall in a child with critical esophageal stenosis caused by tracheobronchial remnant (TBR). An 18-month-old boy was admitted to our hospital having frequent vomiting and failure to thrive. Esophagography ...
Patanè Salvatore - - 2009
Pulmonary stenosis comprises variable pathologic features from the right ventricular outflow tract to the peripheral pulmonary arteries. Most frequently, the obstruction occurs at the level of the pulmonary valve; however, it occurs less frequently at the infindibular level. It can occur as part of more congenital cardiac malformations such as ...
Bharucha Tara - - 2008
AIMS: Associated left ventricular structures may play a role in progression and recurrence of discrete subaortic stenosis. The availability of a new 3D echocardiography tool, multiplanar review (MPR), allows comprehensive analysis of datasets in infinite planes, and detailed examination of anatomy. We sought to evaluate the role of MPR in ...
Bedi Harinder Singh - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: Multislice (64 slice) computed tomography (MSCT) angiography has recently emerged as a potential technique that can evaluate the coronaries in an accurate yet non-invasive manner. It has still not been shown whether the accuracy of the anatomy shown is precise enough to operate on the basis of MSCT alone. ...
Campos Rodrigo Peixoto - - 2008
Both physical examination (PE) and intra-access pressure (IAP) measurements have been used in the identification of stenosis in an arteriovenous access. The aim of this study was to evaluate the accuracy of PE and IAP in the diagnosis of arteriovenous fistula (AVF) stenosis. A total of 84 patients were enrolled ...
Iio Kenichiro - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The accuracy for the detection of coronary stenosis by multidetector row computed tomography (MDCT) has been getting more recognition. However, the usefulness of MDCT in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) has not been confirmed. METHODS: Weanalyzed 19 consecutive patients with asymptomatic diabetic CKD who underwent both MDCT and ...
Protopapas Aristotle D - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The valved conduit Contegra (bovine jugular vein) has being implanted for more than 7 years in the right ventricular outflow tract and it is noted that the available reports have been mixed. The aim of this study is to review the reported evidence in the literature. METHODS: Search of ...
Badero Olurotimi J - - 2008
The segment of the vein mobilized for arterial anastomosis in the creation of an arteriovenous fistula (AVF) is the swing segment. This segment may experience turbulent flow and altered shear mechanical stress that result in stenosis. We sought to determine the frequency of stenotic lesions in the swing segment. Case ...
Van Den Broek T - - 2007
Although early vascular complications of the Angio-Seal closure device have been well described, little is known about late vascular complications due to this device. The aim of this paper is to discuss late femoral stenosis associated with the use of the Angio-Seal closure device. A literature search was performed using ...
Steinhauser Matthew L - - 2007
Aortic stenosis is a common clinical problem. The development of symptoms usually precedes the development of left ventricular (LV) dysfunction. Therefore, patients with concomitant severe aortic stenosis and LV dysfunction comprise a minority with this condition, albeit a clinically challenging group to manage. Because the only proven therapy for aortic ...
Gutiérrez-Chico Juan Luis - - 2008
AIMS: The aim of the study was to validate a novel formula for aortic area, based on the principle of continuity equation (CE), that substitutes Doppler-derived stroke volume (SV) by SV directly measured with real-time three-dimensional (RT3D) echo and semi-automated border detection. RT3D has proved outstanding accuracy for left ventricular ...
Schrope Donald P - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: Describe the clinical, electrocardiographic (ECG), radiographic and echocardiographic findings in cats with isolated pulmonary artery stenosis. Assess the usefulness of systolic and diastolic Doppler measurements at predicting stenosis severity. BACKGROUND: Pulmonary artery stenosis is an infrequent congenital cardiac defect in humans that has not been reported in cats. In ...
Leesar Massoud A - - 2007
The assessment of the left main coronary artery (LMCA) stenosis by angiography is not reliable, and noninvasive tests are incapable of discriminating ischemia caused by LMCA versus other stenoses. Among patients with LMCA stenosis, both fractional flow reserve and intravascular ultrasound parameters would determine the severity of stenosis and predict ...
Antón-Pacheco Juan L - - 2007
Congenital bronchial stenosis is a very uncommon condition in children. A full-term neonate showed severe respiratory distress soon after birth. Bronchoscopy and spiral computed tomography with multiplanar reconstruction disclosed a short stenosis of the left main bronchus, next to the carina, and another stenosis in the intermediate bronchus with air ...
Vijayalakshmi Kunadian - - 2007
The impact of chronic coronary obstructions on resting blood flow in stable cardiac patients and the response to percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) using the TIMI frame count method has not been well documented. We studied the impact of coronary artery stenosis severity on the corrected TIMI frame count (cTFC) in ...
Violas Philippe - - 2007
Chondrodysplasia punctata (CDP) is a rare skeletal dysplasia characterized by stippled epiphyses during infancy. The frequency is probably underdiagnosed because of the large heterogeneity in this group. Many genotypic variations exist. Although cervical instability is commonly seen in many skeletal dysplasias, cervical spine stenosis associated with CDP is very rare. ...
Fernandes Marlos R - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) can detect atherosclerotic compromise in coronary segments where conventional angiography cannot. However, IVUS is more invasive, expensive and laborious than angiography. We compared the detection of stenosis by IVUS and angiography and identified angiographic predictors of severe luminal stenosis on IVUS in patients with angiographically-intermediate coronary ...
Tanaka Hidemasa - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Recent advancements in 16-slice multidetector-row computed tomography (16-slice MDCT) provide for non-invasive assessment of not only coronary artery disease (CAD), but also myocardial properties and the anatomy of the whole heart. The purpose of the present study was to investigate whether the aortic valve area (AVA) in patients with ...
Grajo Joseph R - - 2007
To determine if a significant contralateral stenosis affects interpretation tables of the ipsilateral internal carotid artery's degree of stenosis in duplex Doppler ultrasound, the records of 307 patients with carotid duplex ultrasound studies with an angiogram performed within 3 months without intervening intervention were retrospectively reviewed for peak systolic velocity, ...
Hountis P - - 2007
Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is a condition of unknown etiology with thickening of the interventricular septum. It is better defined as a genetic disorder of autosomal dominant inheritance with variable left ventricular hypertrophy and symptoms. HCM has been rarely reported in association with other causes of hypertrophy such as hypertension and ...
White John J - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The reliability of dialysis venous pressure (VP) in detecting stenosis is controversial. A mathematical model may help to resolve the controversy by providing insight into the factors that influence static VP. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, AND MEASUREMENTS: This study used inflow artery and outflow vein luminal diameters from duplex ultrasound ...
Seo DongMan - - 2007
We describe a modified simple sliding aortoplasty for supravalvar aortic stenosis. This technique is easier, has a more physiologic approach, and has the advantage of not using foreign material to provide aortic growth potential in children. For the patients presented in this study, the mid-term results of modified simple sliding ...
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