Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 1458
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Battista Vince - - 2008
This study attempts to determine whether a nicotine patch will affect the patency rate of the femoral artery anastomosis in a smoking rat model. Twenty-four rats underwent a smoking protocol of 4 weeks of exposure to cigarette smoke in a smoking chamber at 1 hour per day, using a 1:10 ...
Rabbani Abbas - - 2008
Management of the infected femoral artery pseudoaneurysm has remained controversial. Although common femoral artery ligation and local debridement is an acceptable approach, some patients need revascularization for the treatment of leg ischemia or intermittent claudication. In this study, we report obturator bypass as an alternative technique that has been done ...
Siani Andrea - - 2008
Isolated spontaneous rupture of the superficial femoral artery is very uncommon. To our knowledge, only 5 other cases have been reported in the medical literature. Herein, we report the case of an 86-year-old woman who was admitted to our hospital with a 4-day history of progressive swelling of the left ...
Halvorson Eric G EG Division of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 27599-7195, USA. - - 2008
Although the anatomy of the descending branch of the lateral circumflex femoral artery has been well described, the reliability of this vessel in patients with vascular disease has not been established. The authors sought to determine the patency of this vessel in patients with suspected lower extremity vascular disease by ...
Hsu Hung-Te - - 2007
Femoral nerve block (FNB) is by far the most useful lower extremity regional anesthetic technique for the anesthesiologist, and high-resolution ultrasonography is a useful tool with which to guide the performance of FNB. However, the relationships between the femoral nerve and the femoral artery in different lower extremity positions have ...
Wu Hsuan-Yin - - 2007
Persistent sciatic artery (PSA) is a rare congenital malformation. In the early embryonic stage, the sciatic artery is the major blood supply for the lower limb bulb and is later replaced by the iliofemoral artery as the limb develops. Its failure to regress, sometimes associated with femoral arterial hypoplasia, and ...
Yildizdas D - - 2007
A 2-month-old girl with severe pneumonia required a central venous line. Femoral vein catheterisation was attempted but insertion was difficult. Pneumoperitoneum developed, which is a rare complication of femoral vein catheterisation. It is important when undertaking femoral vein catheterisation to use the correct landmarks in the femoral triangle below the ...
Symeonidis Panagiotis D - - 2008
Popliteal artery entrapment syndrome is a frequent cause of intermittent claudication in young patients. We present a case of a bilateral functional entrapment, where static imaging did not demonstrate the occlusion until the patient's feet were placed in forced plantar flexion. A high index of clinical suspicion and dynamic tests ...
Bates Mark C - - 2007
We report a novel double wire technique for ipsilateral access of the external iliac/common femoral artery transition side-branches in a patient with active extravasation. The case is noteworthy in that asymptomatic extravasation was noted in both the inferior epigastric and deep circumflex iliac branches on femoral angiography prior to intraaortic ...
Siani A - - 2007
We report a case of acute embolic ischemia of the right lower limb in a patient with unexpected intraoperative anatomic variant of femoral artery. In this anomaly, the deep femoral artery arises from the external iliac artery, 2 cm above the inguinal ligament, runs with a parallel course with the ...
Degiannis Elias - - 2007
The aim of this study was to determine the current outcome of gunshots to the arteries of the lower extremity. The authors conducted a retrospective analysis of 104 patients with gunshots to the femoral (n=71) and popliteal (n=33) artery. One hundred four patients presented over the 60-month period. Ninety-six (92%) ...
Karkos Chr D - - 2007
The management of superficial femoral artery occlusive disease remains challenging for vascular surgeons. Despite the advances and dramatic changes we have seen in modern practice with the development and introduction of new endovascular techniques, long-term results with these interventions remain disappointing when compared to the "gold standard" of a vein ...
Dyl L - - 2007
The aim of the research was to examine the anatomy of the arterial system in the inguinal region, hip and thigh of Papio anubis. No description of this was found in the available scientific literature, although, at the same time, the baboon is considered to be a good animal model ...
Mittleider Derek - - 2008
An 82-year-old woman developed acute occlusion of her right coronary artery. She underwent percutaneous coronary stent placement and aortic balloon pump installation. In the postprocedural period, she developed a common femoral artery pseudoaneurysm (PSA) that communicated with the common femoral vein via an arteriovenous fistula (AVF). After unsuccessful ultrasound-guided compression, ...
Farrow Lutul D - - 2007
BACKGROUND: During anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction, proper femoral tunnel placement is important. The purpose of the present study was to characterize the osseous anatomy of the femoral intercondylar notch. METHODS: We studied the morphology of the femoral intercondylar notch in 200 human femora from skeletally mature donors, with specific attention ...
Sinha S - - 2007
Recurrent haemarthrosis involving the knee joint is commonly due to bleeding, a coagulation disorder or previous surgery. We have recently encountered a case of recurrent haemarthrosis involving the left knee joint of a 72 year old man due to arterio-venous malformation of the superficial femoral artery. Vascular malformations in patients ...
Jiji P J - - 2007
The profunda femoris artery is normally accompanied by a profunda femoris vein (deep femoral vein), which begins at the adductor magnus with various tributaries and drains into the femoral vein at the femoral triangle. Very rarely, the profunda femoris vein establishes communication with the popliteal vein. We present an anomalous ...
Tiwary Satyendra K - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Iatrogenic injury to the femoral vessel is a rare complication after fracture of hip. Pseudoaneurysm formation of superficial femoral artery or profunda femoris artery is detected quite late. We present our experience for surgical management of pseudoaneurysm of femoral artery after iatrogenic trauma during management of fracture of femur. ...
Foresta Carlo - - 2008
Recent literature focused on erectile dysfunction (ED) as a reliable predictive parameter of cardiovascular diseases. ED patients have a higher prevalence of atherosclerotic lesions (increased intima-media thickness and plaques) at carotid site, but data on femoral site are still lacking. Nevertheless, there is accumulating evidence concerning a significant involvement of ...
Sagbas Ertan - - 2007
Several minimally invasive approaches, avoiding median sternotomy, have been described within the last few years for cardiac surgery. Femoral arterial and venous cannulation for extracorporeal perfusion are required for many of these operations. The aim of this report is to assess the long-term outcomes of femoral cannulations in patients who ...
Yildiz Mustafa - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to test the hypothesis; that chronic inflammation may impair vascular function and lead to an increase of arterial pulse wave velocity (PWV) in patients with Wegener's granulomatosis (WG). METHODS: We recruited 5 patients with WG and 5 healthy age and sex matched controls ...
Chew Felix S - - 2007
The educational objectives of this self-assessment module on imaging popliteal artery disease in young adults with intermittent claudication are for the participant to exercise, self-assess, and improve his or her knowledge of the imaging and clinical features of popliteal artery entrapment syndrome, cystic adventitial disease,and masses associated with popliteal artery ...
Werner Sandra L - - 2008
Femoral vein access is often required during resuscitation efforts and when other routes of intravenous access are difficult. This study evaluated by ultrasound the effect of abduction/external rotation of the hip on venous accessibility. This was a prospective repeated measurement study. The common femoral veins of 25 volunteers were scanned ...
Ali Ahsan T - - 2007
Endovascular treatment for Transatlantic Inter-Society Consensus (TASC) D lesions of the superficial femoral artery has been disappointing. This has been attributed to a bulking atheromatous plaque. Debulking the superficial femoral artery allows for a larger lumen, whereas covering the lumen with an endograft provides in-line flow. We evaluated the intermediate ...
Simon Jean-Pierre - - 2007
Limb threatening arterial occlusion during total hip or knee arthroplasty is an uncommon complication. The authors present two cases of thrombosis of the common femoral artery that occurred following and during total hip arthroplasty respectively. Acute thrombectomy was performed in both patients within 3-4 hours after the diagnosis. Both patients ...
Dowd Michael B - - 2007
An "off the shelf" vascular conduit for free flap surgery that remained patent until the flap is vascularized from the recipient bed would be useful to avoid autograft donor-site morbidity and reduce operation time. To date, no successful studies of microvascular prostheses in low-flow states exist. This study investigated the ...
Iyadurai Stanley - - 2007
Acute peripheral arterial occlusion is a medical emergency manifesting with pain, pallor, absence of pulse, paralysis, and paresthesia. Neurological deficits have occasionally been described as the presenting symptoms of acute arterial ischemia. We report a patient with acute bilateral occlusion of the femoral arteries and an underlying severe atherosclerotic aorto-iliac ...
Littler P - - 2007
Persistent sciatic arteries are a rare developmental anomaly prone to aneurysm formation and atherosclerotic disease. We present a case of a patient with bilateral persistent sciatic arteries presenting with unilateral claudication due to a symptomatic stenosis. The stenosis (just above knee) was treated with angioplasty via popliteal puncture. The puncture ...
Hendriks J M - - 2007
PURPOSE: To present the management of a spontaneous pseudo-aneurysm of the deep femoral artery by an endovascular technique. CASE REPORT: An 82-year-old man presented with a painless pulsating mass at the level of the upper right thigh without any previous history of trauma, surgery or puncture of the femoral artery. ...
Elzamzamy Usama A - - 2007
We present a case of unilateral vocal cord paralysis in a 76-year-old Saudi male presenting with hoarseness of voice caused by thoracic aortic aneurysm. Here, we are illustrating a rare entity of thoracic aortic aneurysm presenting only with hoarseness of voice to draw attention to unusual clinical manifestations of this ...
Cohen Steven B - - 2007
Eight fresh-frozen cadaver legs (average age 72 years) were used to evaluate the risk to the popliteal artery related to the use of two all-inside meniscal repair devices, the Mitek RapidLoc (12.5 mumudegrees) and the Smith & Nephew FasT-Fix (curved). The lumen of the femoral artery was injected with barium. ...
Imam Atique - - 2007
The StarClose device (Abbott Vascular Devices; Abbott Laboratories, Redwood City, CA) utilizes an externally placed Nitinol clip to achieve arterial closure following femoral artery puncture. The objectives of this study were to assess the efficacy and complications of the StarClose device in patients undergoing interventional radiological procedures. Preprocedural clotting status, ...
van Bemmelen P S - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of intermittent limb compression on arterial collateral formation in a rabbit-model. DESIGN: Animal study. MATERIAL AND METHODS: New Zealand rabbits (n=11), aged 2-years, weight of at least 4.0 kg, underwent bilateral superficial femoral artery ligation. In ten of these, the experimental leg underwent 60 minutes ...
Glasby M J - - 2007
Percutaneous retrograde puncture of the popliteal artery is a well-described technique and offers an alternative site for access to the peripheral vascular system. Antegrade popliteal artery puncture has only been described once in the literature. We present a case of subintimal angioplasty of a crural vessel occlusion using an antegrade ...
Kim Ho Jung - - 2008
A rare case of a persistent sciatic artery (PSA) in a patient with monoplegia of the right lower leg without vascular complication symptoms is presented. A 44-year-old nervous and obese woman was referred with monoplegia of the right lower extremity. She was referred with an impression of a peripheral neuropathy ...
Yang Rongjie - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The reservoir model of rat hemorrhagic shock is widely used. In this model, either the carotid or femoral artery can be cannulated to withdraw blood and measure pressure. In animals undergoing hemorrhage using the carotid approach, we observed seizure activity during the post-shock period, suggesting some degree of brain ...
Gillespie C - - 2007
In 1986 Schulman et al first reported the use of the superficial femoral popliteal vein (SFPV) as a conduit for femoral-popliteal arterial bypass. Since then it has been well reported as an alternative conduit in various scenarios, predominantly in the reconstruction of a neoaortoiliac system for infected prosthetic aortic grafts. ...
Mellick S A - - 2007
During and after the Napoleonic wars surgeons in Europe, Britain and America ligated peripheral arteries for symptomatic aneurysms. It is not generally known that five surgeons performed similar operations in early colonial Australia. Andrew Gibson ligated the femoral artery in 1827 and William Bland the innominate in 1832 and 1837, ...
Liew Reginald - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to provide contemporary information on the complication rates after femoral artery sheath removal using a specific, nurse-led protocol, which is universally applicable and can be readily adopted by other units. BACKGROUND: Previous studies have reported a wide range of complication rates following femoral sheath removal after cardiac ...
Dieter Robert S - - 2007
Common femoral artery occlusions are usually treated with open vascular surgical repair. We present a case of common femoral artery occlusion that was successfully treated with the FoxHollow SilverHawk atherectomy catheter. The use of this device obviated the need for adjunctive balloon angioplasty and stenting. The patient was discharged without ...
Dosluoglu Hasan H - - 2007
The endovascular treatment of patients with bulky iliofemoral occlusions usually requires a femoral endarterectomy, coupled with iliac recanalization. This requires crossing the occlusions with a guidewire, which is usually attempted in a retrograde fashion. If this fails, then a surgical inflow procedure is necessary. Antegrade crossing of an iliac occlusion ...
Nagahiro Itaru - - 2007
The right lateral decubitus position is a risk factor for postoperative pulmonary embolism. We examined postural changes of femoral vein velocity in order to elucidate the mechanism. Thirty patients scheduled for general thoracic surgery were enrolled in this study. The common femoral veins on both sides were examined by color-duplex ...
Vazquez M T - - 2007
Knowledge of variations of the circumflex femoral arteries is important when undertaking clinical procedures within the femoral region and in hip joint replacement. Since the 19th century, many different patterns have been proposed to classify their origins. This work studied a statistically reliable sample, the lower limbs of 221 embalmed ...
Ascher Enrico - - 2007
The conventional balloon angioplasty of infrainguinal arteries requires the use of fluoroscopy and injection of contrast material. We attempted to perform 360 balloon angioplasties of the superficial femoral (SFA) and/or popliteal arteries under duplex guidance in 274 patients to avoid the nephrotoxic effect of contrast and eliminate or minimize radiation ...
Nano G - - 2007
Adventitial cystic disease of the popliteal artery constitutes an infrequent cause of claudication in non-atherosclerotic young or middle-aged population. Here, we report the case of a 43-year-old female with adventitial cystic disease of the popliteal artery causing left lower leg claudication, detected by duplex scanning. The angio-CT showed the "dog-leg" ...
Aguiar José Lamartine de Andrade - - 2007
PURPOSE: The objective of this study was to evaluate the use of the sugarcane biopolymer membrane in femoral artery patch angioplasty on dogs. METHODS: Eight dogs were submitted to bilateral femoral artery patch angioplasty with a sugarcane biopolymer membrane patch on one side and e-PTFE patch on the contralateral side. ...
Andreotti Felicita - - 2007
We report an unusual case of breakage and embolisation of a femoral access closure device (Angio-Seal), which caused acute leg ischemia after percutaneous coronary intervention in a diabetic patient with documented peripheral vascular disease. Embolectomy from the superficial femoral artery revealed the polymer anchor split in two parts and embedded ...
Rigatelli G - - 2007
The systemic nature of vascular atherosclerosis is beginning to involve not only the angiologists and the vascular surgeons, but also the clinical and the invasive cardiologists. Femoral occlusive disease is one of the most challenging field due to the particular anatomical morphology of the femoral arterial wall that is prone ...
Tillin Therese - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Aortic pulse wave velocity (PWV) predicts mortality from cardiovascular disease, ischaemic heart disease and stroke. However, a comparison of associations between PWV measured at different sites and atherosclerosis in coronary, carotid and femoral arteries has not been made. METHODS: In 159 men (ages 45-82 years) with and without known ...
Watanabe Ken - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: We investigated the pathophysiological significance of molecular forms of adrenomedullin (AM) in patients after the Fontan procedure. METHODS: Plasma concentrations of mature AM (AM-m), an active form, glycine-extended AM (AM-Gly), an inactive form, and total AM (AM-T: AM-m+AM-Gly) were measured by specific immunoradiometric assay in the femoral vein, pulmonary ...
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