Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 1437
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Chew Felix S - - 2007
The educational objectives of this self-assessment module on imaging popliteal artery disease in young adults with intermittent claudication are for the participant to exercise, self-assess, and improve his or her knowledge of the imaging and clinical features of popliteal artery entrapment syndrome, cystic adventitial disease,and masses associated with popliteal artery ...
Werner Sandra L - - 2008
Femoral vein access is often required during resuscitation efforts and when other routes of intravenous access are difficult. This study evaluated by ultrasound the effect of abduction/external rotation of the hip on venous accessibility. This was a prospective repeated measurement study. The common femoral veins of 25 volunteers were scanned ...
Ali Ahsan T - - 2007
Endovascular treatment for Transatlantic Inter-Society Consensus (TASC) D lesions of the superficial femoral artery has been disappointing. This has been attributed to a bulking atheromatous plaque. Debulking the superficial femoral artery allows for a larger lumen, whereas covering the lumen with an endograft provides in-line flow. We evaluated the intermediate ...
Simon Jean-Pierre - - 2007
Limb threatening arterial occlusion during total hip or knee arthroplasty is an uncommon complication. The authors present two cases of thrombosis of the common femoral artery that occurred following and during total hip arthroplasty respectively. Acute thrombectomy was performed in both patients within 3-4 hours after the diagnosis. Both patients ...
Dowd Michael B - - 2007
An "off the shelf" vascular conduit for free flap surgery that remained patent until the flap is vascularized from the recipient bed would be useful to avoid autograft donor-site morbidity and reduce operation time. To date, no successful studies of microvascular prostheses in low-flow states exist. This study investigated the ...
Iyadurai Stanley - - 2007
Acute peripheral arterial occlusion is a medical emergency manifesting with pain, pallor, absence of pulse, paralysis, and paresthesia. Neurological deficits have occasionally been described as the presenting symptoms of acute arterial ischemia. We report a patient with acute bilateral occlusion of the femoral arteries and an underlying severe atherosclerotic aorto-iliac ...
Littler P - - 2007
Persistent sciatic arteries are a rare developmental anomaly prone to aneurysm formation and atherosclerotic disease. We present a case of a patient with bilateral persistent sciatic arteries presenting with unilateral claudication due to a symptomatic stenosis. The stenosis (just above knee) was treated with angioplasty via popliteal puncture. The puncture ...
Hendriks J M - - 2007
PURPOSE: To present the management of a spontaneous pseudo-aneurysm of the deep femoral artery by an endovascular technique. CASE REPORT: An 82-year-old man presented with a painless pulsating mass at the level of the upper right thigh without any previous history of trauma, surgery or puncture of the femoral artery. ...
Elzamzamy Usama A - - 2007
We present a case of unilateral vocal cord paralysis in a 76-year-old Saudi male presenting with hoarseness of voice caused by thoracic aortic aneurysm. Here, we are illustrating a rare entity of thoracic aortic aneurysm presenting only with hoarseness of voice to draw attention to unusual clinical manifestations of this ...
Cohen Steven B - - 2007
Eight fresh-frozen cadaver legs (average age 72 years) were used to evaluate the risk to the popliteal artery related to the use of two all-inside meniscal repair devices, the Mitek RapidLoc (12.5 mumudegrees) and the Smith & Nephew FasT-Fix (curved). The lumen of the femoral artery was injected with barium. ...
Imam Atique - - 2007
The StarClose device (Abbott Vascular Devices; Abbott Laboratories, Redwood City, CA) utilizes an externally placed Nitinol clip to achieve arterial closure following femoral artery puncture. The objectives of this study were to assess the efficacy and complications of the StarClose device in patients undergoing interventional radiological procedures. Preprocedural clotting status, ...
van Bemmelen P S - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of intermittent limb compression on arterial collateral formation in a rabbit-model. DESIGN: Animal study. MATERIAL AND METHODS: New Zealand rabbits (n=11), aged 2-years, weight of at least 4.0 kg, underwent bilateral superficial femoral artery ligation. In ten of these, the experimental leg underwent 60 minutes ...
Glasby M J - - 2007
Percutaneous retrograde puncture of the popliteal artery is a well-described technique and offers an alternative site for access to the peripheral vascular system. Antegrade popliteal artery puncture has only been described once in the literature. We present a case of subintimal angioplasty of a crural vessel occlusion using an antegrade ...
Kim Ho Jung - - 2008
A rare case of a persistent sciatic artery (PSA) in a patient with monoplegia of the right lower leg without vascular complication symptoms is presented. A 44-year-old nervous and obese woman was referred with monoplegia of the right lower extremity. She was referred with an impression of a peripheral neuropathy ...
Yang Rongjie - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The reservoir model of rat hemorrhagic shock is widely used. In this model, either the carotid or femoral artery can be cannulated to withdraw blood and measure pressure. In animals undergoing hemorrhage using the carotid approach, we observed seizure activity during the post-shock period, suggesting some degree of brain ...
Gillespie C - - 2007
In 1986 Schulman et al first reported the use of the superficial femoral popliteal vein (SFPV) as a conduit for femoral-popliteal arterial bypass. Since then it has been well reported as an alternative conduit in various scenarios, predominantly in the reconstruction of a neoaortoiliac system for infected prosthetic aortic grafts. ...
Mellick S A - - 2007
During and after the Napoleonic wars surgeons in Europe, Britain and America ligated peripheral arteries for symptomatic aneurysms. It is not generally known that five surgeons performed similar operations in early colonial Australia. Andrew Gibson ligated the femoral artery in 1827 and William Bland the innominate in 1832 and 1837, ...
Liew Reginald - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to provide contemporary information on the complication rates after femoral artery sheath removal using a specific, nurse-led protocol, which is universally applicable and can be readily adopted by other units. BACKGROUND: Previous studies have reported a wide range of complication rates following femoral sheath removal after cardiac ...
Dieter Robert S - - 2007
Common femoral artery occlusions are usually treated with open vascular surgical repair. We present a case of common femoral artery occlusion that was successfully treated with the FoxHollow SilverHawk atherectomy catheter. The use of this device obviated the need for adjunctive balloon angioplasty and stenting. The patient was discharged without ...
Dosluoglu Hasan H - - 2007
The endovascular treatment of patients with bulky iliofemoral occlusions usually requires a femoral endarterectomy, coupled with iliac recanalization. This requires crossing the occlusions with a guidewire, which is usually attempted in a retrograde fashion. If this fails, then a surgical inflow procedure is necessary. Antegrade crossing of an iliac occlusion ...
Nagahiro Itaru - - 2007
The right lateral decubitus position is a risk factor for postoperative pulmonary embolism. We examined postural changes of femoral vein velocity in order to elucidate the mechanism. Thirty patients scheduled for general thoracic surgery were enrolled in this study. The common femoral veins on both sides were examined by color-duplex ...
Vazquez M T - - 2007
Knowledge of variations of the circumflex femoral arteries is important when undertaking clinical procedures within the femoral region and in hip joint replacement. Since the 19th century, many different patterns have been proposed to classify their origins. This work studied a statistically reliable sample, the lower limbs of 221 embalmed ...
Ascher Enrico - - 2007
The conventional balloon angioplasty of infrainguinal arteries requires the use of fluoroscopy and injection of contrast material. We attempted to perform 360 balloon angioplasties of the superficial femoral (SFA) and/or popliteal arteries under duplex guidance in 274 patients to avoid the nephrotoxic effect of contrast and eliminate or minimize radiation ...
Nano G - - 2007
Adventitial cystic disease of the popliteal artery constitutes an infrequent cause of claudication in non-atherosclerotic young or middle-aged population. Here, we report the case of a 43-year-old female with adventitial cystic disease of the popliteal artery causing left lower leg claudication, detected by duplex scanning. The angio-CT showed the "dog-leg" ...
Aguiar José Lamartine de Andrade - - 2007
PURPOSE: The objective of this study was to evaluate the use of the sugarcane biopolymer membrane in femoral artery patch angioplasty on dogs. METHODS: Eight dogs were submitted to bilateral femoral artery patch angioplasty with a sugarcane biopolymer membrane patch on one side and e-PTFE patch on the contralateral side. ...
Andreotti Felicita - - 2007
We report an unusual case of breakage and embolisation of a femoral access closure device (Angio-Seal), which caused acute leg ischemia after percutaneous coronary intervention in a diabetic patient with documented peripheral vascular disease. Embolectomy from the superficial femoral artery revealed the polymer anchor split in two parts and embedded ...
Rigatelli G - - 2007
The systemic nature of vascular atherosclerosis is beginning to involve not only the angiologists and the vascular surgeons, but also the clinical and the invasive cardiologists. Femoral occlusive disease is one of the most challenging field due to the particular anatomical morphology of the femoral arterial wall that is prone ...
Tillin Therese - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Aortic pulse wave velocity (PWV) predicts mortality from cardiovascular disease, ischaemic heart disease and stroke. However, a comparison of associations between PWV measured at different sites and atherosclerosis in coronary, carotid and femoral arteries has not been made. METHODS: In 159 men (ages 45-82 years) with and without known ...
Watanabe Ken - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: We investigated the pathophysiological significance of molecular forms of adrenomedullin (AM) in patients after the Fontan procedure. METHODS: Plasma concentrations of mature AM (AM-m), an active form, glycine-extended AM (AM-Gly), an inactive form, and total AM (AM-T: AM-m+AM-Gly) were measured by specific immunoradiometric assay in the femoral vein, pulmonary ...
Hwang Sunup - - 2007
The goal of this study was to determine the effects of microgravity on myofilament protein expression and both passive and active length-force relationships in carotid and femoral arteries. Microgravity was simulated by 20-day hindlimb unweighting (HU) in Wistar male rats, and carotid and femoral artery segments were isolated from both ...
Papas Theofanis T - - 2007
Adventitial cystic disease (ACD) is an uncommon and rare vascular entity characterized by a highly viscous and mucinous cyst located in the adventitia of an artery. Although first described in the external iliac artery, the disease is more frequently sited in the popliteal artery. ACD characteristically occurs in young adults, ...
Gagnon J - - 2007
Adventitial cystic disease (ACD) is an uncommon cause of ischemia. The majority of ACD is located in the popliteal artery. Over 49 extrapopliteal locations have been described. We report on a case of femoral artery ACD in a young patient with claudication. The diagnosis was made with duplex ultrasound and ...
Hara Hidehiko - - 2007
We describe a patient with right common iliac artery occlusion who presented with intermittent claudication and underwent percutaneous transluminal angioplasty. The angiogram showed 100% occluded right common iliac artery with bridged collateral flow. After initial ballooning to the artery, the occluding plaque detached from the artery and resulted in multiple ...
Ugrenovic Sladana Z - - 2007
Nerves get segmental blood supply either from the neighboring muscular and cutaneous branches or from the regional main arterial trunks. The aim of our research was to detect, in the gluteal and posterior femoral region, the blood vessels which are involved in the blood supply of the human fetal sciatic ...
Prabhu Latha V - - 2007
True isolated atherosclerotic aneurysms of the superficial femoral artery are rare. In this paper, we report a case of ilio-femoral aneurysmatic dilatation masquerading as an inguinal abscess in 40-year-old male. This interesting case was accidentally found during dissection of pelvic vessels, in the Department of Anatomy, Kasturba Medical College, Mangalore. ...
Cantor Warren J - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: Our objective was to analyze the impact of arterial access site, sheath size, timing of sheath removal, and use of access site closure devices on high-risk patients with acute coronary syndromes (ACS). BACKGROUND: In the SYNERGY trial, 9,978 patients with ACS were randomly assigned to receive enoxaparin or unfractionated ...
Natale Armando - - 2007
The deep femoral artery is an important artery in lower-limb revascularization. Employing its initial centimeters as either an inflow or an outflow site has been advocated by many authors. The purpose of this work was to highlight the importance of the mid-distal section of the deep femoral artery, underlining its ...
Conz P A - - 2007
A 77-year-old woman was admitted due to AV graft thrombosis; given the technical impossibility of performing other native AV fistulas, we chose to insert a tunnelled central venous catheter. Considering the vascular history of the patient, the central venous catheter could not be placed into the internal jugular vein; it ...
Lee Jivianne T - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To examine the role of acellular dermal matrix grafts for prevention of microarterial anastomotic thrombophlebitis. DESIGN: Bilateral femoral artery microvascular anastomoses were created in the field of established wounds infected with Staphylococcus aureus in 12 rats. In each animal, 1 femoral microarterial anastomosis was wrapped with an acellular dermal ...
Dregelid Einar - - 2006
The Angio-Seal arterial closure device is widely used to prevent bleeding and facilitate early ambulation after arterial puncture. We had referred to us three female patients in whom this device had been used; its sponge had been unintentionally deployed in the arterial lumen. In a fourth female patient, a dissected ...
Cappelli M - - 2006
AIM: A significant relationship between great saphenous vein (GSV) caliber at the thigh and function of the terminal valve of the sapheno-femoral junction (SFJ) has already been demonstrated. Yet, the function of the proximal common femoral valve (FV), which is missing in 20-24% of cases, might also play a significant ...
Lee Chii-Hong - - 2006
Adventitial cystic disease (ACD) is an unusual cystic tumor of blood vessels characterized by the accumulation of mucinous substance in the adventitia of the non-axial blood vessels adjacent to joints. Patients with ACD often suffer from intermittent claudication and/or limb pain, mostly involving the popliteal artery. We report a 30-year-old ...
Kedora John - - 2007
This randomized prospective study was designed to compare the effectiveness of treating superficial femoral artery occlusive disease percutaneously with expanded polytetrafluoroethylene (ePTFE)/nitinol self-expanding stent grafts vs surgical femoral-to-above knee (AK) popliteal artery bypass with synthetic graft material. From March 2004 to May 2005, 100 limbs in 86 patients with femoral-popliteal ...
Mahadevan V S - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Interventional procedures in adults with congenital cardiac conditions often require insertion of large-sized sheaths into the femoral veins. Data on the use of suture-mediated devices for femoral venous access site closure are scant and no data are available regarding venous patency after device use. OBJECTIVE: To assess the efficacy ...
Layton K F - - 2006
Although the common femoral artery is the easiest and most widely accepted access site for cerebral angiography, atherosclerotic, aortoiliac, or femoral artery disease can preclude this approach. We describe our experience using the ulnar artery access site in a patient with bilateral aortoiliac occlusive disease. This article may be useful ...
Barvais Fr - - 2006
In a 61 year-old women, suffering a left calf pain for more 18 months, a diagnosis of cystic adventitial disease of the popliteal artery was confirmed by scanner. At the operation, we found an intramural cyst of the popliteal artery. A total resection of the cyst and of the artery ...
Mazighi Mikael - - 2006
Arterial cell and gene therapies are promising strategies for the treatment of cardiovascular diseases; however, the optimal cell type and delivery technique for such treatment remain to be determined. The aim of the present study was to design a new approach for arterial cell and gene therapy in which genetically ...
Drescher Wolf - - 2006
BACKGROUND: With regard to the pathogenesis of corticosteroid-associated femoral head osteonecrosis, only intravascular and extravascular factors have been discussed. Wall constriction of the lateral epiphyseal arteries, which are the main supplying arteries within the femoral head, has not previously been investigated. This study examined the effect of long-term corticosteroid treatment ...
Ascher Enrico - - 2006
The standard technique of balloon angioplasty with or without subintimal dissection of infrainguinal arteries requires contrast arteriography and fluoroscopy. We attempted to perform this procedure with duplex guidance to avoid the use of nephrotoxic contrast material and eliminate or minimize radiation exposure. From September 2003 to June 2005, 196 patients ...
Biondi-Zoccai Giuseppe G L - - 2007
Antegrade femoral artery access is often used for diagnostic and interventional purposes in patients with critical limb ischemia, given its potential advantages in terms of visualization and back-up. However, it may be associated with an increased risk of local vascular complications, especially in the presence of common femoral artery atherosclerosis. ...
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