Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 1459
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Hontanilla Bernardo - - 2010
In this work, the authors discuss the effect of freezing on vascular anastomosis performed in the femoral arteries of the rat. For this purpose, they utilize dimethyl propane ether (-60 degrees C). Two experiments were performed independently from each other. On the right side, they froze the artery before cutting ...
Lee Stephen Wai-Luen - - 2010
BACKGROUND: We evaluated the long term clinical outcomes of femoral vascular closure devices following its deployment in coronary angiography and percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) procedures. METHODS: From June 2000 to September 2004, 265 patients who received femoral vascular closure devices after coronary angiography and PCIs were enrolled into the study. ...
Tiwari Kaushal K - - 2010
A best evidence topic in cardiac surgery was written according to a structured protocol. The question addressed was 'Which cannulation (ascending aortic cannulation or peripheral arterial cannulation) is better for acute type A aortic dissection surgery?' Altogether 393 papers were found using the reported search, of which 14 represented the ...
Aoyagi Yukitoshi - - 2010
Our objectives were to test the hypothesis that the habitual physical activity of elderly individuals is associated with less arterial stiffening, to explore characteristics of any dose/response relationship, and to determine those segments of the arterial tree where associations are most apparent. Participants (89 men and 109 women, aged 65-84) ...
Barr Lynne - - 2010
Use of a tourniquet for performing surgery in order to create a bloodless surgical field and reduce blood loss has been in use for many years. Tourniquets may fail perioperatively for various reasons, leading to ongoing bleeding. An important cause of tourniquet failure is calcification of the underlying artery. A ...
Rao Atul S - - 2010
PURPOSE: To describe a novel percutaneous technique for distal limb perfusion in the face of femoral artery occlusion secondary to extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) cannula placement. TECHNIQUE: The technique is described in a 59-year-old man who presented with an inferior wall myocardial infarction and a large ventricular septal defect (VSD) ...
Leite J O - - 2010
Anatomical variations of the great saphenous vein, femoral artery and femoral vein at the inguinal level are rare. Modifications in the anatomical relationships among theses vessel can cause technical difficulties. There are two reports in the literature of the complete transposition of the femoral artery and vein. Both patients had ...
Magee R - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: The aims of this study were to investigate the change in maximum diameter of ectatic popliteal arteries during ultrasound surveillance and assess clinical predictors of their expansion. METHODS: Over a ten year period 67 patients with ectasia affecting one (n = 1) or both (n = 66) popliteal arteries ...
Taguchi Hiroyuki - - 2010
PURPOSE: Animal tests have indicated that providing venous-arterial (V-A) bypass extracorporeal circulation immediately after cardiac arrest is a useful resuscitation technique for achieving resumption of a normal cardiac function and brain resuscitation. However, pulsation of the femoral artery cannot be felt in the case of cardiac arrest, and it takes ...
Soobrah Ramawad - - 2010
Popliteal artery entrapment syndrome (PAES) is a relatively rare condition that occurs in young patients as a result of anomalous anatomic relationships between the popliteal artery and the surrounding musculotendinous structures. Patients usually lack atherogenic risk factors and most commonly present with intermittent claudication in the early stages. In the ...
Ebeid Makram R - - 2010
Transhepatic cardiac catheterization and intervention is used in selected cases in our institution. A retrospective review of transcatheter interventions for the pulmonary artery was conducted. Forty-five transhepatic procedures were performed. Thirteen involved intervention, to rehabilitate the branch pulmonary arteries. The median weight of the patients was 9.9 Kg +/- 3.4. ...
Prakash - - 2010
Femoral artery is frequently accessed by radiologists and surgeons. Anatomical knowledge of the variations of femoral artery and its branches including profunda femoris, medial and lateral femoral circumflex arteries is required to minimize complications and hence it is suggested for the clinicians planning surgery and intervention around the aforementioned vessels. ...
Tellez Armando - - 2010
AIMS: Device-based arterial closure is currently used to achieve haemostasis following percutaneous intervention. Little is known about the in vivo patterns of device absorption. We aimed to characterise the absorption dynamics following implantation of the Angio-Seal VIP closure device (AVCD) (St. Jude Medical, St. Paul, MN, USA) by using serial ...
Bandyopadhyay M - - 2010
The femoral region of the thigh is utilised for various clinical procedures, both open and closed, particularly in respect to arterial and venous cannulations. A rare vascular pattern was observed during the dissection of the femoral region on both sides of the intact formaldehyde-preserved cadaver of a 42-year-old Indian man ...
Mego David - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Arterial puncture closure devices have improved time to hemostasis and ambulation after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) relative to traditional manual compression, though complication rates for both methods leave room for improvement. In a pilot registry, the authors evaluated a topical hemostatic dressing containing poly-N-acetyl glucosamine (p-GlcNAc) post PCI in ...
Hadzimehmedagic Amel A Clinic for Orthopedics and Traumatology, Clinical Center of University of Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina. - - 2010
Article presents a rare case of posttraumatic pseudoaneurysm and A-V fistula between deep femoral artery and vein in 16 year old patient with stab wound in middle third of the lateral side of left femoral region. There were no signs of arterial injury on initial angiogram. During the observation we ...
Weichman Katie - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Atypical claudication is a relatively uncommon problem within the general population. However, suspicion for the diagnosis is raised when young and athletic patients present with symptoms of claudication during exercise. The most common causes of atypical claudication are anatomical variants, including popliteal artery entrapment syndrome and tarsal tunnel syndrome. ...
Islam M Ashequl - - 2010
Several different arterial puncture closure devices are available for use after cardiovascular procedures. The main advantages include decrease need of manual compression, reduce patient discomfort, and the time to ambulation. Access site complications are not rare after vascular closure device use. We report a case of popliteal artery embolization after ...
Borlotti Alessandra A Brunel Institute for Bioengineering, Brunel University, Greater London, UK. - - 2010
The wave speed (c) and the arrival time of reflected wave (Trw) in the common left carotid artery and common left femoral artery have been evaluated in 70 healthy subjects, aged 35-55 years with a non-invasive method.
Kwon John Y - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Femoral skeletal traction assists in the reduction and transient stabilization of pelvic, acetabular, hip, and femoral fractures when splinting is ineffective. Traditional teaching has recommended a medial entry site for insertion of the traction pin in order to minimize injury to the femoral artery as it passes through Hunter's ...
Ypsilantis Efthymios A - - 2010
Cystic adventitial disease of the popliteal artery is a rare cause of non-atheromatous claudication. It usually requires surgery to improve the distance walked by patients. We report the case of a 44-year-old Caucasian man with unilateral symptomatic popliteal cysts extending to his genicular branches and associated with multilevel stenosis of ...
Javerliat Isabelle - - 2010
The most common anatomical variation of the superficial femoral artery (SFA) is hypoplasia or aplasia, associated with persistent sciatic artery. Duplication of SFA remains uncommon. We report a case of SFA duplication discovered on an angiogram performed for critical limb ischemia, in an 80-year-old man.
Rehman Syed - - 2010
We present the case of a 39-year-old man with recurrence of intermittent claudication 4 years after successful Dacron patch repair of the right common femoral artery for cystic adventitial disease. Magnetic resonance angiography results were inconclusive, while conventional angiography demonstrated 90% stenosis of the right common femoral artery. The patient ...
Michaelides Michael - - 2011
Cystic adventitial disease is a rare condition that usually affects the popliteal artery, and is a rare cause of non-atherosclerotic stenosis. It is most commonly found in young or middle-aged men with intermittent claudication. Herein we present a histologically proven case of cystic adventitial disease of the popliteal artery in ...
Kelm Robert F - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: The present study investigated the impact of the vascular access site for cardiac output (CO) measurement by thermodilution on survival and neurohistopathological injury in a rat model of cardiac arrest (CA) and cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). Secondary the influence of the vascular access site on cardiac output measurements was examined. ...
De Martino Randall R - - 2010
The incidence of iatrogenic femoral arteriovenous fistulas (IFAVF) has increased in contemporary practice. We herein report the case of a 55-year-old obese woman with significant surgical comorbidities who sustained an IFAVF between the superficial femoral artery (SFA) and the femoral vein. Given her substantial risk factors, she was treated with ...
Donas K P - - 2010
BACKGROUND: To evaluate the therapeutic value of endovascular techniques for the treatment of profunda femoris artery obstructive disease (PFAOD) in critical limb ischaemia (CLI) patients, with technically demanding open profunda repair. DESIGN: Retrospective study of prospectively collected data of 15 consecutive CLI patients with technically demanding surgical treatment of PFAOD, ...
Kasapis Christos - - 2009
Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) is a common manifestation of atherosclerosis affecting 5 million adults in the United States, with an age-adjusted prevalence of 4% to 15% and increasing up to 30% with age and the presence of cardiovascular risk factors. In this article we focus on lower extremity PAD and ...
Pontón A - - 2009
Despite the theoretical effectiveness of the Angio-Seal closure device to control bleeding after arterial puncture it can increase the risk of ischemia. To describe arterial lesions caused by the device, surgical techniques needed to repair those lesions and surgical outcome in patients who underwent surgery for arterial ischemia after heart ...
Megalopoulos A - - 2009
A true para-anastomotic right common iliac artery aneurysm and intermittent claudication developed in a 76-year-old man 5 years after open abdominal aortic aneurysm repair with a Dacron tube graft. Following the initial operation the patient developed acute left iliac occlusive disease necessitating an immediate right-to-left femoro-femoral crossover bypass graft. The ...
Lemonnier Thomas - - 2009
A multicentric retrospective study was carried out on 29 operations (28 patients) to evaluate the long-term results of the treatment of popliteal artery aneurysms by transposition of the superficial femoral artery (SFA). This treatment consisted in proximal and distal ligation and bypass grafting or endoaneurysmorrhaphy followed by reconstruction of the ...
Gormus N - - 2009
A 4 year-old boy was admitted to our clinic with symptoms of pain and ecchymosis in his right leg and foot after injection of benzathine penicilline. There was a localized gangrenous area at the femoral injection site. Doppler ultrasonography showed no arterial flow in the femoral artery and clear evidence ...
Morley Ruth - - 2010
Intrauterine exposure to alcohol may affect cardiovascular development, increasing risk of cardiovascular malformations. Intrauterine exposure to light maternal alcohol intake has been reported to affect human umbilical arterial contractility, and adult sheep exposed in utero have had altered cerebrovascular reactivity. In human adults, alcohol intake affects arterial stiffness. We investigated ...
Vajanto I - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: Occlusion in a limb artery leads to impaired blood supply and ischaemia. Collateral artery growth (arteriogenesis) is one of the most effective natural response mechanisms to compensate this pathologic situation. However, it is unknown if clinically important features, like poor run-off, have an impact on compensatory vessel growth. METHODS: ...
Roche-Nagle Graham - - 2009
Popliteal artery entrapment syndrome is an important, albeit infrequent, cause of severe disability among young adults and athletes with anomalous anatomic relationships of the musculotendinous structures surrounding the popliteal artery. We report a case where duplex ultrasonography and dynamic magnetic resonance arteriography was used to diagnose popliteal artery entrapment. We ...
Caylan R - - 2009
We report here a case of Brucella endocarditis associated with superficial femoral artery thrombus. The patient was treated only with medical treatment. The clinical significance of the case was the presence of two rare complications of brucellosis:endocarditis and arterial thrombus.
Abu-Fadel Mazen S - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To compare the effectiveness of accessing the common femoral artery (CFA) using fluoroscopic guidance (FG) versus traditional anatomic landmark guidance (TALG) during cardiac catheterization and to determine the effect of the two modalities on the appropriateness for use of vascular closure devices (VCDs). BACKGROUND: Previous studies have shown a ...
Noory Elias - - 2009
PURPOSE: To evaluate the acute success and clinical impact of retrograde transpopliteal access for subintimal recanalization of superficial femoral artery (SFA) and proximal popliteal artery (PA) occlusions after failed attempts to re-enter the true lumen in the antegrade femoral approach. METHODS: From 2002 to 2007, 56 patients (43 men; mean ...
Sch?fer Ralf - - 2010
We report a case of a near fatal complication of an open wedge high tibial osteotomy held by a Puddu plate. CT-scan and lysis therapy revealed a compression of the popliteal artery by the implanted hydroxyapatite wedge resulting in ischaemia of the lower limb. Revision surgery was performed and the ...
Charalambous Nikolas - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to examine the safety and efficacy of the Frontrunner XP CTO (chronic total occlusion) Catheter (Cordis) for recanalization of long femoropopliteal artery occlusions. A Frontrunner catheter was used to treat 26 CTOs in SFA after guidewire failure (68.3 +/- 8.8 years). Sixty-seven percent of ...
Hu Zuo-Jun - - 2010
BACKGROUND: We analyzed the hemodynamic changes induced by femoral artery ligation with concomitant thrombectomy in intravenous drug abusers with infected femoral artery pseudoaneurysm (IFAP) and their clinical significance. METHODS: Between January 2000 and November 2007, a total of 55 patients presented to our clinic with IFAP. Among these patients, 54 ...
Hingorani Anil P - - 2009
We describe herein a combined approach to the treatment of popliteal artery aneurysms (PAA) that averts extensive dissections and potential blood loss particularly in cases of behind-the-knee aneurysms. Over the last 4 years, 13 patients (12 males) with mean age of 75 +/- 8 years were treated for PAAs at ...
Song Tae K - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the outcomes of major vessel reconstruction as part of surgery to remove sarcomas. DESIGN: Retrospective review. SETTING: Tertiary academic medical center. PATIENTS: Fourteen patients (10 female) with retroperitoneal or extremity sarcomas and major blood vessel involvement who underwent surgery to remove the tumor and had blood vessel ...
Moln?r S?ndor - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To compare the severity of atherosclerosis in the carotid, coronary and femoral arteries in autopsy findings of stroke patients. METHODS AND RESULTS: 40 patients (age: 75.2 (12.3) years, 21 men, 19 women) were investigated, who died of ischemic stroke. Carotid, femoral and coronary arteries were removed and cut into ...
Chomiak Jirí - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Because there is limited information concerning the vascular pattern and the role of vessels in patients with proximal femoral focal deficiency, the vascular supply of the lower extremities was studied systematically with use of computed tomographic angiography in order to identify vascular changes, relate any vascular changes to the ...
Nishibe T - - 2009
AIM: The authors described their three-year experience with hybrid surgical and endovascular therapy for multifocal peripheral TASC D lesions, involving both the aortoiliac and/or superficial femoral and common femoral arteries. METHODS: From February 2005 to March 2008, 21 lower limbs in 20 patients with multifocal peripheral artery disease, involving the ...
Weber Thomas - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: European Society of Hypertension guidelines recommend use of carotid- femoral pulse wave velocity (cfPWV) as a favored measure of aortic stiffness. However, there is no consensus on the measurement of distance travelled by the pulse wave along the aorta to the femoral artery. The aim of our study was ...
Ciftcio─člu E - - 2009
The femoral artery (FA) and its branches play important roles in the arterial supply of the lower extremity. If the femoral artery is occluded, the circulation of the extremity is maintained by certain anastomoses. Therefore, identification of variations of these arteries is critical from a clinical and surgical point of ...
Matsui Hikoro - - 2009
An 11-year-old boy received stent implantation for peripheral pulmonary stenosis through the left modified Blalock-Taussig shunt from the left brachial approach because of the hairpin-shaped route from a femoral or carotid approach. A temporary bypass between the left radial and the femoral arteries was established to prevent ischemic complication of ...
Shen James - - 2009
Popliteal artery entrapment syndrome (PAES) is the most common cause of lower leg claudication in patients younger than 50 years. The different types of PAES can result in different rates of arterial damage, leading to aneurysmal degeneration or occlusion. We report a rare case of a young patient presenting with ...
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