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Pasta Salvatore - - 2011
OBJECTIVES: The acute dissection of an ascending thoracic aortic aneurysm (ATAA) represents a devastating separation of elastic layers occurring when the hemodynamic loads on the diseased wall exceed the adhesive strength between layers. At present, the mechanics underlying aortic dissection are largely unclear, and the biomechanical delamination properties of the ...
Sharma Umesh - - 2011
Atheromatous disease of the aorta is a known marker of vascular disease and is associated with ischemic stroke, peripheral embolization, and coronary events. Transesophageal echocardiogram is routinely used to assess aortic atheromas. Discrepancies exist in the grading of aortic atheromas. Atheromas with >4 mm thickness or with plaque rupture and ...
Macía I - - 2011
Abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) is a condition where the weakening of the aortic wall leads to its widening and the generation of a thrombus. To prevent a possible rupture of the aortic wall, AAA can be treated non-invasively by means of the endovascular aneurysm repair technique (EVAR), consisting of placing ...
Ewe See Hooi - - 2011
Location of aortic valve calcium (AVC) can be better visualized on contrast-enhanced multidetector row computed tomography. The present evaluation examined whether AVC severity and its location could influence paravalvular aortic regurgitation (AR) after transcatheter aortic valve implantation. A total of 79 patients (age 80 ± 7 years, 49% men) with ...
Bleeker Egbert J W - - 2011
Correct arterial input function (AIF) measurements in dynamic susceptibility contrast-MRI are crucial for quantification of the hemodynamic parameters. Often a single global AIF is selected near a large brain-feeding artery. Alternatively, local AIF measurements aim for voxel-specific AIFs from smaller arteries. Because local AIFs are measured higher in the arterial-tree, ...
Squarcia Umberto - - 2011
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Transposition of the great arteries (TGA) is a complex congenital heart defect usually defined within the group of conotruncal defects. Some astonishing similarities between the spiral pattern of great arteries and the spiral pattern of snail shells and a possible common genetic mechanism of normal and abnormal ...
Calvo-Rojas Gonzalo - - 2011
Coinciding in time with the expiration of the patent of enoxaparin and clopidogrel, a number of new antithrombotics (anticoagulants and antiplatelets with new mechanisms of action) have been developed or are still under development for both venous and arterial thromboembolic complications. The effect of antithrombotic drugs is a continuum where ...
Bisaillon Charles-Étienne CÉ Institut des Matériaux Industriels, Conseil national de recherches Canada, 75 boul. de Mortagne, Boucherville (Qc), J4B 6Y4, - - 2011
We present a method to make phantoms of coronary arteries for intravascular optical coherence tomography (IV-OCT). The phantoms provide a calibrated OCT response similar to the layered structure of arteries. The optical properties of each layer are achieved with specific concentrations of alumina and carbon black in a silicone matrix. ...
Tatar Erhan - - 2011
End-stage renal disease is linked to alterations in thyroid hormone levels and/or metabolism, resulting in a high prevalence of subclinical hypothyroidism and low triiodothyronine (T3) levels. These alterations are involved in endothelial damage, cardiac abnormalities, and inflammation, but the exact mechanisms are unclear. In this study, we investigated the relationship ...
Sahu Krishna Kant - - 2011
Subclavian artery pseudoaneurysms are rare; and cases involving subclavian artery pseudoaneurysms presenting with compression on trachea leading to breathing difficulty are exceptional. We present a case report of huge subclavian artery pseudoaneurysm presenting with hoarseness of voice, respiratory distress, and aphonia. Patient was operated through median sternotomy, with the incision ...
Lioupis Christos - - 2011
Endovascular aortic arch reconstruction provides an attractive alternative to treat aortic arch disease in high-risk patients who would otherwise be unsuitable for open repair. Success with multibranched stent grafts in the thoracoabdominal aorta along with recent advances in design such as the precurved inner nitinol cannula have simplified the endovascular ...
Minikel Eric - - 2012
This study compares the safety of bicyclists riding on bicycle boulevards to those riding on parallel arterial routes in Berkeley, California. Literature on the impact of motor vehicle traffic characteristics on cyclist safety shows that high motor vehicle speeds and volumes and the presence of heavy vehicles are all detrimental ...
Capers Quinn Q - - 2011
Upper extremity arteries are affected by occlusive diseases from diverse causes, with atherosclerosis being the most common. Although the overriding principle in managing patients with upper extremity arterial occlusive disease should be cardiovascular risk reduction by noninvasive and pharmacologic means, when target organ ischemia produces symptoms or threatens the patient's ...
Yoshino D - - 2011
Stent placement is a minimally invasive procedure that has received considerable attention as a treatment option for vascular stenotic lesions associated with coronary atherosclerosis. However, the severe problem of in-stent restenosis has recently begun to occur in blood vessels in which long-term placement of stents has occurred. In-stent restenosis results ...
Resch Timothy A - - 2011
Endovascular repair has become the primary treatment option for abdominal aortic aneurysms over the past decade. The favorable results as well as technical evolution have led endovascular repair to include fenestrated and branched technology for complex juxtarenal, suprarenal, and thoracoabdominal aneurysms. These grafts are, however, extensively customized and patient tailored ...
Cunha Danilo da Silva Dda - - 2011
Radioiodine therapy for patients with differentiated thyroid cancer aims at reducing tumor recurrence by eradicating residual macro- and microscopic foci. Side effects are generally rare, tenuous and transient, with little clinical significance. To report a rare case of differentiated thyroid carcinoma presenting a large expansive solid mass at the base ...
Roy Sion K - - 2011
Coronary artery aneurysms (CAA) are present in 1.4-5.3% of the population. While angiography remains the gold standard for evaluating CAAs, multi-detector computed tomography angiography (MDCTA) is an emerging way of assessing CAAs. With the increasing clinical utilization of MDCTA, CAAs are often initially diagnosed using this method. Since MDCTA is ...
Benninger Brion - - 2011
PURPOSE: The objectives of the present study were to 1) identify a reliable measuring technique for a palatal graft, 2) observe the patterns of the neurovascular bundle, and 3) identify the morphology of the hard palate. Subepithelial connective tissue grafts are performed at an increasing rate to improve esthetics and ...
Gendel Vyacheslav V Vyacheslav Gendel, Ihab Haddadin, John L Nosher, Department of Radiology, UMDNJ, Robert Wood Johnson University Hospital, New Brunswick, NJ 08901, United - - 2011
Varicoceles are often treated with percutaneous embolization, using fibered coils and sclerosing agents, with the latter targeted at occlusion of pre-existing collateral veins. While various methods of surgical and embolization treatment are available, varicoceles may still recur from venous collateralization. We present a case, where following demonstration of complete occlusion ...
Macdonald Sumaira - - 2011
The carotid stenting trialists have demonstrated persistence and determination in comparing an evolving technique, carotid artery stenting (CAS), against a mature and exacting standard for carotid revascularisation, carotid endarterectomy (CEA). This review focuses on their endeavours. A total of 12 1-on-1 randomised trials comparing CAS and CEA have been reported; ...
Mortimer A M - - 2011
Basilar artery occlusion is an infrequent form of acute stroke; clinical outcomes are heterogeneous, but the condition can be fatal. There is a lack of randomized controlled trial data in this field. Case series suggest that patients who are recanalized have much better outcomes than those who are not, and ...
Gabriel Ruvin S - - 2011
Transthoracic echocardiography is the current standard for assessing aortic regurgitation (AR). AR severity can also be evaluated by flow measurement in the ascending aorta using cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR); however, the optimal site for flow measurement and the regurgitant fraction (RF) severity grading criteria that best compares with the transthoracic ...
Adebiyi Adebowale - - 2011
Physiological functions of arterial smooth muscle cell ATP-sensitive K(+) (K(ATP)) channels, which are composed of inwardly rectifying K(+) channel 6.1 and sulfonylurea receptor (SUR)-2 subunits, during metabolic inhibition are unresolved. In the present study, we used a genetic model to investigate the physiological functions of SUR2-containing K(ATP) channels in mediating ...
Prichard Heather L - - 2011
Intimal hyperplasia is one of the prominent failure mechanisms for arteriovenous fistulas and arteriovenous access grafts. Human tissue-engineered vascular grafts (TEVGs) were implanted as arteriovenous grafts in a novel baboon model. Ultrasound was used to monitor flow rates and vascular diameters throughout the study. Intimal hyperplasia in the outflow vein ...
Saccà Salvatore - - 2011
Coronary artery aneurysm is an uncommon disease, whose natural history and therapeutic approach are still controversial: medical therapy, surgical revascularization with or without aneurysm ligation or excision, and endovascular exclusion with membrane covered stents are all accepted and viable options, according to anatomic characteristics. Intracranial aneurysms are adequately treated by ...
Thalhammer C - - 2011
Musical murmurs (MMs) are Doppler phenomena which sound like high-frequency musical sounds. They reflect high and turbulent flow within relevant stenoses and were first described in degenerated bioprosthetic valves and later in intracranial vessels and were associated either with high-grade arterial stenosis, small collateral arteries or carotid cavernous fistulas. Objective ...
Seshadhri Santhosh - - 2011
Cerebral aneurysms constitute a major medical challenge as treatment options are limited and often associated with high risks. Statistically, up to 3% of patients with a brain aneurysm may suffer from bleeding for each year of life. Eight percent of all strokes are caused by ruptured aneurysms. In order to ...
Minami Hiroya - - 2011
This report documents the sudden onset of aortic regurgitation (AR) by an exceptional cause. A 68-year-old woman suddenly experienced general fatigue, and AR was diagnosed. One year later, we performed aortic valve replacement. At surgery, three aortic cusps with a larger noncoronary cusp had prolapsed along with a free-floating fibrous ...
Kim Jung Tae - - 2011
The diameter of veins in the superficial forearm has been shown to correlate with risk for nonmaturation of newly created arteriovenous fistulas (AVFs). However, reported cut-off diameters are inconsistent. The purpose of our study was to assess the optimal diameter and distensibility of the radiocephalic vein at the wrist using ...
Chattopadhyay Sudipta - - 2011
We describe a 3-case series of patients with a rare combination of mild-to-moderate aortic regurgitation and coronary microfistulae but nonobstructed epicardial coronary arteries who presented with symptoms of unstable angina and had confirmed myonecrosis. A plausible pathophysiological mechanism for this phenomenon and its clinical implication are discussed.
Wiesli Peter - - 2011
OBJECTIVES:: The objective was to test whether chromogranin A (CgA), neuron-specific enolase (NSE), and pancreatic polypeptide (PP) are released from the pancreas during the selective arterial calcium stimulation and hepatic venous sampling test (ASVS) in patients with insulinomas. METHODS:: We determined CgA, NSE, PP, insulin, C-peptide, and proinsulin in blood ...
de Baere Thierry - - 2011
Intra-arterial therapies directed to the liver take advantage that liver tumors are fed by the hepatic artery while the liver vascularization is 30% arterial. Most common techniques of intra-arterial therapies for colorectal cancer liver metastases (CRLM) include intra-arterial hepatic chemotherapy (IAHC), transarterial chemoembolization (TACE), and radioembolization. Such treatments are used ...
Belli Anna-Maria - - 2011
Abdominal visceral artery aneurysms (VAA) include true and false aneurysms. The majority are asymptomatic and are discovered on cross-sectional imaging performed for unrelated clinical indications. With the maturation of techniques and devices used for embolization procedures and the treatment of aneurysms in other locations, most VAAs are now suitable for ...
Shoja Mohammadali M - - 2011
Although variations in the peripapillary division pattern of the central retinal artery (CRA) are common, variations in the origin of this artery are seldom reported in the literature. Herein, the authors report a variant of the CRA that originated from the temporal short posterior ciliary artery. Two intraorbital anastomoses were ...
Zou Junjie - - 2011
Venous aneurysms (VAs) of the iliac axis are uncommon abnormalities of the vascular system that present as potentially life-threatening events. These aneurysms are occasionally associated with embolism or rupture; therefore, a focused imaging evaluation and prophylactic treatment are important. In this article, we report a thrombosed external iliac venous aneurysm ...
Gonzalez Alberto - - 2011
In-stent restenosis (ISR) after carotid angioplasty and stenting is becoming evident as more patients undergo carotid stenting and duplex scan surveillance. While redo endovascular therapy has been immediately successful, recurrent stenosis remains a problem. The ideal management of ISR has not been determined. Three cases of symptomatic ISR that were ...
Perrotta Ida - - 2011
The term aneurysm is used to indicate a permanent and irreversible localized vascular dilatation that involves all three layers of the blood vessel wall. It may develop in any part of the circulatory system, including veins, and its history, presentation, and management differ depending on the location. A venous aneurysm ...
Butler Stacy M - - 2011
The present study explores the hypothesis that arterial smooth muscle cells are organized into layers with similar phenotypic characteristics that vary with the relative position between the lumen and the adventitia due to transmural gradients in vasotrophic factors. A corollary hypothesis is that vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is a ...
Tseng Guo-Shiang - - 2011
PRectus sheath hematoma is an uncommon but well-described complication of a tussive paroxysm. It is an accumulation of blood within the sheath of the rectus abdominis secondary to disruption of the epigastric vessels or the rectus muscle and is often misdiagnosed as acute abdomen. Increases in the number of elderly ...
Ajithdoss Dharani K - - 2011
A fibrous band connecting the middle of the free edge (nodulus Arantii) of the non-coronary aortic valve cusp to the ascending aorta just above the level of the non-coronary sinus of Valsalva was observed in an asymptomatic, 11-year-old, male Border Collie. The fibrous band was unrelated to the cause of ...
Ginat Daniel T - - 2011
Carotid and vertebral artery spectral Doppler ultrasound waveforms can be affected by many types of local lesions, proximal cardiovascular disease, and devices, as well as distal cerebrovascular disease. Recognizing abnormal spectral Doppler ultrasound waveforms and their significance is important for proper management. Examples of normal and abnormal carotid and vertebral ...
Silva Joana - - 2011
Very late stent thrombosis is a rare but devastating complication. Several factors are known to contribute to its occurrence, and are related to the patient, procedure, lesion and premature discontinuation of antiplatelet therapy. This report describes the case of a 49-year-old patient with simultaneous two-vessel stent thrombosis (left anterior descending ...
Arnaout Omar M - - 2011
Malignant middle cerebral artery stroke carries a very poor prognosis. Significant retrospective data support the hypothesis that decompressive hemicraniectomy decreases mortality rates due to this disease entity. Recently, 3 randomized controlled studies have been published and shed light on these issues and enhance the quality of evidence revolving around this ...
Gericke Adrian - - 2011
To identify the α(1)-adrenoceptor (α(1)-AR) subtypes mediating vascular adrenergic responses in murine ophthalmic arteries. Expression of mRNA was quantified for individual α(1)-AR subtypes in murine ophthalmic arteries using real-time PCR. To assess the functional relevance of α(1)-ARs for mediating vascular responses, ophthalmic arteries from mice deficient in one of the ...
Shimoni Sara - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: Hemodynamic forces are potential determinants of aortic atherosclerosis. Aortic regurgitation (AR) alters the flow pattern in the aorta. However, the association between AR and aortic atherosclerosis is not well known. METHODS: We assessed the presence, extent and distribution of atherosclerotic lesions in the aorta of 42 patients with chronic ...
Troupis T - - 2011
Variations of the arterial pattern in the upper limb are quite common in humans. In the present study, we describe two cases of high bifurcation of the brachial artery. In the first cadaver both branches run superficially along the arm and were also located superficially at the antecubita fossa. In ...
Manousi Maria - - 2011
A shotgun pellet is depicted in the present image in a carotid artery under the intima, which remained intact without local complications for up to six months. There is lack of data regarding the natural history of such a carotid pellet, but the experience from the myocardium is that, in ...
Tamulevičiūtė E - - 2011
Cardiac myxomas are benign tumors that may lead to neurological manifestations including ischemic stroke, aneurysms or metastases. We describe a patient with multiple intracranial aneurysms who presented with TIA-like symptoms following resection of an atrial myxoma, and review the clinical and imaging features of myxomatous aneurysms as reported in the ...
Joviliano Edwaldo Edner - - 2011
In this article, we review the current status of inflammation linked to percutaneous transluminal angioplasty with stent implantation, especially as it relates to restenosis and its clinical implications. Common to multiple vascular diseases, including atherosclerosis, interventional restenosis is a localized inflammatory reaction. Activated smooth muscle cells respond to local inflammation ...
Brewster Luke P - - 2011
Descending thoracic aneurysms are less common and less likely to rupture than abdominal aortic aneurysms. However, when left untreated they are lethal, and repairs are recommended only if the size of the aneurysm is 6 cm, or smaller if symptomatic. Open thoracic aneurysm repair was the standard therapy the last ...
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