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Results 501 - 550 of 1463
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Applegate Robert J RJ Section of Cardiology, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston-Salem, North Carolina 27157-1045, USA. - - 2006
To evaluate the adjusted risk of vascular complications after manual compression and vascular closure devices for femoral artery access site management in a large contemporary cohort, using propensity score analysis. Vascular closure devices (VCD) allow early ambulation after cardiac procedures involving femoral artery access, but whether the benefit of use ...
Goteti Kosalaram - - 2006
PURPOSE: The tissue diffusivity (D(g)) and partitioning (K) for dipyridamole were determined and a model was developed to examine the relationship between perivascular dose and local dipyridamole tissue concentrations. METHODS: Experiments were performed using an in vitro perfusion apparatus that recirculated buffer through different graft samples or normal porcine femoral ...
Onal Baran - - 2006
We report a case of an iatrogenic femoral arteriovenous fistula (AVF) in a 67-year-old man presenting with right femoral bruit on the day after sheath removal for cardiac catheterization. This was successfully treated with embolization using N-butyl-cynoacrylate (NBCA) through a coaxial microcatheter. Transcatheter embolization of iatrogenic femoral AVFs with NBCA ...
Madershahian Navid - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Cannulation of the femoral vessels for cardiopulmonary support is a common approach for many cardiac procedures as well as access of choice for many emergency bypass systems such as extracorporeal membrane oxygenation. A serious complication of prolonged femoral cannulation remains the ischemic injury of the distal limb. SUBJECTS: To ...
Wille Jan - - 2006
The use of femoral artery closure devices to obtain hemostasis after percutaneous catheterization has become widespread because of their proven feasibility in combination with patient-related advantages. Since 2002 more than 6,500 patients have undergone either diagnostic angiography or therapeutic intervention via the femoral route with an Angioseal closure device in ...
Geraghty Patrick J - - 2006
High initial technical success rates for superficial femoral artery revascularization are possible using multiple modalities. For these interventions to pose a serious challenge to open surgical bypass, improved primary patency in mid- and long-term follow-up must be achieved. In several smaller studies, covered stenting of the superficial femoral artery has ...
Trajbar Tomislav - - 2006
Multiple aneurysms are clinically common in population aged over sixty and are caused mainly by atherosclerosis. When occurring in young population other etiologies such as trauma, infections, Bechet's disease, Marfan syndrome, neurofibromatosis or inflammatory disease are responsible for the development of arterial aneurysms. A rare case of multiple aneurysms in ...
Wolf Yehuda G - - 2006
To define diameter at three levels along the popliteal artery and its relation to the inflow arteries in the normal state and in popliteal aneurysms. The external diameter of the arteries was determined by duplex ultrasound scanning at the common femoral (CFA), superficial femoral artery (SFA), proximal popliteal artery (PPOP), ...
Cho Yong-Pil - - 2006
We report a rare case of lower limb swelling due to compression of the superficial femoral vein by a solitary deep femoral artery aneurysm. The patient was a 58-year-old man presenting with acute swelling of the right lower limb caused by deep venous thrombosis. A multi-detector computed tomographic scan (CT) ...
López-Herce Jesús - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the correlation between two methods for the determination of cardiac output: the femoral arterial thermodilution technique (FATD) and the arterial pulse contour analysis (PCCO) using the PiCCO catheter. METHODS: We performed a prospective animal study using 51 immature Maryland pigs weighing 9 to 16 kg. A 4- ...
Stone Michael B - - 2006
Emergency physicians often obtain central venous access via the femoral vein in critically ill patients or patients with difficult peripheral access due to chronic intravenous drug use. Previous studies using two-dimensional ultrasonography have demonstrated that the Trendelenburg position increases the cross-sectional area of the internal jugular vein. This study is ...
Tanyeli Ercan - - 2006
During our routine dissection course for students we found a complex variation of the femoral artery on the left side of a 72-year-old male cadaver. The deep femoral artery was originating from the anterior aspect of the femoral artery; the inferior epigastric and the external pudendal arteries were arising from ...
Zhang Hao - - 2006
BACKGROUND: We reviewed the outcomes of reoperations for 29 patients (30 limbs) who had undergone occluded arterial bypass in the lower limbs from May 1996 to September 2005. METHODS: The 30 lower limbs of the 29 patients with arteriosclerotic obstruction received 44 reoperations, including thrombectomy alone (group T, 27) and ...
Helisch Armin - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To assess the importance of genetic background for collateral artery development. METHODS AND RESULTS: C57BL/6, BALB/c and 129S2/Sv mice were studied after femoral artery ligation by laser Doppler imaging, visible light oximetry, time-of-flight-magnetic resonance imaging, and treadmill testing; C57BL/6 and BALB/c also underwent electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) oximetry, x-ray ...
Saito Satoru - - 2006
The present study was performed to investigate the precision of and problems in arithmetic operations for synthesis/estimation of the input waveform from the output waveform of a pulmonary artery catheter (PAC) manometer system, by imposing arterial pressure waveform as an input pressure waveform. When a PAC manometer system is regarded ...
Bates Mark C - - 2006
The purpose of this article is to report the unusual presentation of a 63-year-old patient with Rutherford grade 2, category 5 tissue ischemic changes involving the right foot secondary to an occult popliteal stenosis that was obscured behind a prosthetic knee on diagnostic angiograms. Conventional abdominal angiography with bilateral lower ...
Kallakuri Sreedhar - - 2006
Acute limb-threatening ischemia from thrombosis may be the initial presentation of popliteal artery aneurysms (PAA) and is associated with amputation rates of 20-30%. Since contrast angiography may miss the diagnosis, the authors suspect that thrombosis of PAA may be an underappreciated cause of acute ischemia. Routine use of duplex arteriography ...
Filis Konstantinos A - - 2006
A 27-year-old man was admitted to our hospital for investigation of severe claudication in his right foot. Based on the findings of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and magnetic resonance angiography (MRA), we diagnosed anatomic popliteal artery entrapment syndrome, which was causing a short popliteal artery occlusion. Moreover, a long posterior ...
Vriend Joris W J - - 2006
BACKGROUND: In patients, after repair of aortic coarctation, abnormal function of the proximal precoarctation arterial conduits has been demonstrated, but data on arterial wall structure of proximal and distal arteries in patients are scarce. The aim of our study is to compare intima-media thickness (IMT) of the carotid and femoral ...
Hariharan Deepak - - 2006
Aneurysms involving the deep femoral artery, otherwise known as the profunda femoris artery (PFA), are extremely rare. Rarer still are bilateral PFA aneurysms (PFAAs). The diagnosis is difficult, but it may be suggested by the presence of a pulsatile tumor in the region of the femoral artery or by symptoms ...
Kline Alex J - - 2006
For select patients with persistent patellofemoral pain, the anteromedial tibial tubercle transfer (Fulkerson osteotomy) provides excellent clinical results. This procedure, indicated for patients with patellar malalignment, has become one of the most popular distal realignment procedures. One potential concern with this technique is the proximity of the posterior vascular structures ...
Schack-Nielsen Lene - - 2005
It has been suggested that CVD has its origins in early life. An impairment of fetal growth and early postnatal nutrition may have programming effects on cardiovascular physiology. In addition, traditional risk factors for CVD may initiate the atherosclerotic process during childhood. We explored the effect of fat intake, physical ...
Yilmaz Saim - - 2005
PURPOSE: To assess the safety and efficacy of ultrasound (US) guidance during retrograde popliteal artery catheterization (RPAC) and identify the risk factors for late hemostasis and complications. METHODS: A retrospective review was undertaken of consecutive patients who underwent grayscale US-guided RPAC during the last 8 years. Chart review identified 174 ...
Guillinta Paulo - - 2005
Common femoral artery stenosis is well appreciated in patients with peripheral arterial disease, but not described following repeated arterial access. We present a case of progressive right common femoral artery stenosis resulting in resting leg ischemia and ulceration that was temporally related to multiple ipsilateral vascular access procedures for recurrent ...
Goldstein Kenneth A - - 2005
A 66-year-old man had foot gangrene and a fixed contracture of the knee following two failed femoropopliteal bypasses, one with vein and one with polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE). An external iliac to anterior tibial artery bypass and skeletal traction via the os calcis resulted in limb salvage and successful normal ambulation. After ...
Westerweel Peter E - - 2005
INTRODUCTION: Understanding neovascularization is an important prerequisite for therapeutic advances aimed at the salvation of ischemic tissues. We explored an alternative strategy to corrosion casting for visualizing neovascularization in a rat hindlimb ischemia model. METHODS: Rats were subjected to hindlimb ischemia by femoral artery ligation. Directly after femoral artery occlusion ...
Pape Hans-Christoph - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Reaming of the femoral canal has been demonstrated to introduce intramedullary contents into the circulation with subsequent pulmonary embolization. The aim of this study was to investigate whether this effect can be minimized by use of a reamer system that provides simultaneous irrigation and aspiration of intramedullary contents. METHODS: ...
Chlan Linda L - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Incidence of vascular complications (VCs) after sheath removal following a percutaneous coronary intervention procedure (PCIP) vary widely by the compression method used to achieve femoral artery hemostasis. OBJECTIVE: To determine if one groin compression method causes the least discomfort and distress for patients and results in fewer VCs. METHODS: ...
De Vivo Salvatore - - 2005
The objective of this retrospective, cross-sectional study was to determine risk factors for poor collateral development in patients with claudication. The authors listed all patients with calf claudication who had undergone angiography in this hospital between 1999 and 2001 and extracted those with superficial femoral artery (SFA) occlusion, a popliteal ...
Bashir Eitezaz Ahmed - - 2005
A middle aged female presented with a swelling in the groin on the left side. On examination, it was an oval mildly tender firm mass, adherent to underlying structures and extending into the pelvis with pulsatility and bruit. It was diagnosed as leiomyosarcoma of femoral vein on fine needle aspiration ...
Ruygrok Peter N - - 2005
The aim of the study was to determine the safety and efficacy of a novel femoral artery closure device (StarClose, Abbott Vascular Devices, Redwood City, CA) following percutaneous coronary intervention employing aspirin, heparin, and glycoprotein (GP) IIb/IIIa inhibition. A prospective nonrandomized single-center pilot study of the StarClose device included a ...
Jung Ah Young - - 2005
To define the role of computed tomographic (CT) angiography in the evaluation of persistent sciatic artery and to identify its potential advantages as a diagnostic modality. Between July 2002 and August 2004, 307 consecutive patients underwent CT angiography for suspected lower-extremity arterial insufficiency. All CT angiograms were retrospectively reviewed to ...
Schulz-Stübner Sebastian - - 2005
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Acupuncture points are described by use of a proportional system that is based on the width of the thumb at the level of the distal interphalangeal joint, defined as 1 CUN. Our study tested first the correlation between the CUN and weight and height in 500 Americans ...
Ni Mhuircheartaigh N - - 2005
We report a patient with calf pain induced by sport and exercise, initially thought to represent compartment syndrome, in whom MRI and duplex ultrasound ultimately revealed cystic adventitial disease of the popliteal artery. Surgical de-roofing of the popliteal artery resulted in complete resolution of symptoms with return to sporting activities.
Onal Baran - - 2005
PURPOSE: To evaluate our results of stent-graft implantation for the endovascular treatment of peripheral vascular lesions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Seventeen patients underwent repair of iatrogenic, traumatic, or spontaneous vascular lesions by means of endovascular stent-grafts. The study cases consisted of 10 cardiac catheterization-induced femoral arteriovenous fistulas (AVFs) located between the ...
Tohno Setsuko - - 2005
To examine whether an accumulation of elements in the arteries was affected by the way of walking, the authors investigated age-related changes of elements in the arteries of the Japanese, Thai, and Japanese monkeys. After the ordinary dissections by medical students were finished, the subclavian, axillary, brachial, radial, common iliac, ...
Aziz M E - - 2005
Persistent sciatic artery is a very uncommon embryological vascular variant. This case report highlights this rare vascular anomaly, diagnostic difficulty, complication and subsequent treatment in a 43-year-old man who presented with sudden onset of right leg pain for a few hours. He was unable to walk because of pain and ...
Blazick Elizabeth - - 2005
Osteochondromas, the most common benign bone tumor, often go undetected and seldom cause significant clinical sequelae. Rarely they present as an arterial pseudoaneurysm, usually of the popliteal or superficial femoral artery. The authors present the case of a 14-year-old male with a distal superficial femoral artery pseudoaneurysm accompanied by distal ...
Castaldo Eric T - - 2005
Common femoral vein aneurysms are rare, yet knowledge of this entity is important for the surgeon who performs hernia repairs. This is because common femoral vein aneurysms can simulate inguinal or femoral hernias, and misdiagnosis can lead to significant morbidity if treated incorrectly. To our knowledge, only five other cases ...
Seyahi Nurhan - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Patients requiring dialysis due to acute or chronic renal failure frequently require temporary vascular access. Femoral vein catheterization is the easiest method for obtaining temporary vascular access in haemodialysis patients. The aim of this study was to utilize ultrasound imaging to describe femoral vein structures and to examine anatomical ...
Zanow Juergen - - 2005
In this report we present a novel procedure that uses an arterioarterial prosthetic loop (AAPL) with the proximal axillary or the femoral artery as a vascular access for hemodialysis in patients who have inadequate vascular conditions for creating an arteriovenous fistula or graft. Between April 1996 and September 2004, 34 ...
Garrett Paul D - - 2005
We sought to determine the reliability of frequently used landmarks for femoral arterial access in patients undergoing cardiac catheterization. The common femoral artery (CFA) is the most frequently used arterial access in cardiac catheterization. Arterial sheath placement into the CFA has been shown to decrease vascular complications. Some authors recommend ...
Okamoto Keishi - - 2005
We encountered a rare case of the left common iliac artery in a 92-year-old Japanese female cadaver during dissection practice for medical students. The artery entered into the small pelvis without branching to the external iliac artery. There, it went down slightly medially and then turned laterally and passed behind ...
Bell Christopher L - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Infected femoral artery pseudoaneurysms (IFAPs) secondary to percutaneous arterial access, injection of illegal substances, and from infected synthetic grafts, appear to be increasing in incidence. Ligation of IFAPs without revascularization offers control of infection but may risk limb ischemia. Revascularization with extraanatomic synthetic grafts may risk reinfection and abrupt ...
Tefera Girma - - 2005
To assess outcomes of percutaneous infrainguinal arterial angioplasty for treatment of chronic limb-threatening ischemia (CLI) in poor surgical candidates. A retrospective clinical analysis of 67 consecutively treated patients (76 limbs) with CLI over a 33-month period was performed. Patients were considered poor surgical candidates because of absent distal target vessels ...
Kawarada Osami - - 2005
Chronic total occlusions in the superficial femoral artery (SFA) are the longest and straightest lesions in the whole body. This presents additional technical challenges and the inability to cross the occluded lesion is a common cause of procedural failure in these percutaneous interventions. The objective of this study was to ...
Takagi H - - 2005
In both superficial and deep femoral artery involvement, where angioplasty of the former is not suitable or feasible, angioplasty of the latter seems to be the method of choice and is a less invasive and efficient treatment particularly for limb threatening ischemia, an appropriate obstruction morphology provided. The authors describe ...
Siani A - - 2005
True isolated atherosclerotic aneurysm of the superficial femoral artery is a rare pathology. We report a case of ruptured superficial femoral artery aneurysms (SFAA) not associated with aortic, common femoral or popliteal artery aneurysms. An emergency surgical procedure was performed and, after endoaneurysmal branches ligation, a ePTFE graft interposition was ...
Ruygrok Peter N - - 2005
Millions of femoral arterial punctures are performed annually worldwide for the diagnosis and treatment of cardiovascular disease. Traditionally, hemostasis following arterial sheath removal has employed compression techniques but more recently, a number of arteriotomy closure devices have become available, none of which have been shown to produce an outcome superior ...
Sheikh Imran - - 2005
The effects of electrical stimulation (ES) on arteriogenesis (the opening of preexisting collaterals) and angiogenesis (formation of new capillaries) were studied after acute bilateral hind limb ischemia was induced via bilateral femoral artery excision in a rabbit model. The study evaluated the rabbit hind limbs' normal response to acute ischemia ...
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