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Results 251 - 300 of 1891
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Oishi Yasuhisa - - 2008
A 76-year-old woman presented with multiple brain infarctions in the right middle cerebral artery and vertebral artery area. Carotid sonography revealed a large mobile pedunculated mass in the brachiocephalic artery, which showed rapid growth despite treatment with heparin and aspirin. Graft replacement of the brachiocephalic artery was performed under selective ...
Miller Alyson A - - 2009
We previously reported that NADPH oxidase activity is greater in intracranial cerebral versus systemic arteries of the rat. Here, we first tested whether NADPH oxidase activity is also greater in intracranial cerebral than systemic arteries of three other animal species, i.e., mouse, rabbit, and pig. Second, using Nox2-deficient mice, we ...
Zhao Hua - - 2008
We report a rare case of acute pulmonary and cerebral complication after transarterial chemoembolisation (TACE) for inoperable hepatocellular carcinoma. The case involved a large tumor and hepatic vein invasion. Nonspecific pulmonary and cerebral symptoms such as acute dyspnoea and transient consciousness loss developed in the patient, a 49-year-old woman, following ...
Aydin Mehmet Dumlu - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Cerebral fat embolism constitutes a major problem in intensive care units and treatment methods are highly controversial. Cerebral fat embolism has been thought to result from the migration of bone marrow fragments to the brain. However, the present authors observed that cerebral fat embolism is not possible unless the ...
Kuo Sheng-Han - - 2008
The hyperdense vessel sign is a debated topic in terms of its sensitivity and specificity for acute cerebral ischemia. Bilateral, hyperdense middle cerebral artery signs are rare presentations of bilateral cerebral infarction. We describe a 17-year-old boy with a history of cerebral palsy and a repaired atrial septal defect, presenting ...
Ahmed Shahzada K - - 2008
Pituitary apoplexy is a potentially fatal condition that can have serious consequences even after successful treatment. One of the potential complications of this syndrome is occlusion of the internal carotid arteries, which causes cerebral ischaemia. This can occur through one of two mechanisms--direct compression of the artery or vasospasm caused ...
Goedee H S - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: Aneurysms of the intracranial arteries in the pediatric population are reportedly rare. There is a male predominance, association with connective tissue disorders, as well as bacterial, mycotic infections, and trauma. RESULTS AND DISCUSSION: Common sites of presentation are the internal carotid artery bifurcation, posterior circulation, and distal segment of ...
Park Byong-Gon - - 2008
Two farnesylacetones, 311 and 312, major active constituents of Sargassum siliquastrum collected from the coast of the East Sea in Korea, showed a moderate vasodilatation effect on the basilar arteries of rabbits. Therefore, treatment with farnesylacetones 311 and 312 may selectively accelerate cerebral blood flow through dilatation of the basilar ...
Monson Kenneth L - - 2008
The cerebral circulation is fundamental to the health and maintenance of brain tissue, but injury and disease may result in dysfunction of the vessels. Characterization of cerebral vessel mechanical response is an important step toward a more complete understanding of injury mechanisms and disease development in these vessels, paving the ...
Ozturk Hakan A - - 2008
During the cerebral dissection of a 67-year-old male cadaver, a unique combination of variations at the circle of Willis and anterior cerebral artery (ACA) distribution were encountered. The A1 segment of both ACA were fused without an anterior communicating artery (ACoA), forming an X shape and giving rise to a ...
Sfyroeras Giorgos S - - 2009
AIM: To document the incidence of symptomatic cerebral hyperperfusion after carotid stenting and to determine possible predisposing factors. METHODS: A prospective study of 29 consecutive patients undergoing carotid stenting. All patients underwent 1) brain computed tomography scan and magnetic resonance imaging, 2) transcranial Doppler including assessment of cerebrovascular reactivity of ...
Okanishi Tohru - - 2009
We report a two-year and one-month-old immunocompetent boy who developed aphasia and right hemiparesis eight months after mild varicella with only a few vesicles. Magnetic resonance images and angiography demonstrated mixed acute and old infarctions of the bilateral middle cerebral arteries. VZV-DNA was detected on polymerase chain reaction analysis of ...
De Araujo A C P - - 2009
The aim of the present study was to analyse thirty chinchilla (Chinchilla lanigera) brains, injected with latex, and to systematize and describe the distribution and the vascularization territories of the middle cerebral artery. This long vessel, after it has originated from the terminal branch of the basilar artery, formed the ...
Wong S T - - 2008
Infraoptic course of the pre-communicating anterior cerebral artery (A1) is a rare anomaly. In total, there are 42 examples reported in the literature. We report two further patients. The first had an intradural cerebral aneurysm at the low bifurcation of an internal carotid artery (ICA) with bilateral infraoptic course of ...
Pruissen D M O - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Prothrombotic genetic variants associated with arterial disease probably affect arterial thrombus formation but may also promote atherosclerosis. We hypothesized that specific prothrombotic variants lead to advanced atherosclerosis in patients with cerebral ischemia of arterial origin. METHODS AND RESULTS: We included 689 patients with nondisabling cerebral ischemia of arterial origin. ...
Anda Takeo - - 2008
The authors describe a very rare case of intravascular large B-cell lymphoma in a woman whose ruptured distal middle cerebral artery (MCA) aneurysms were filled with lymphoma cells. A 69-year-old woman who had undergone artificial graft replacement for an aortic aneurysm presented with transient left hemiparesis. Magnetic resonance imaging demonstrated ...
Ulrich Peter T - - 2008
Two hours after a fall, a 5-month-old girl was admitted to our hospital because of an extended galea hematoma and restlessness. Five hours after the trauma, a left hemiparesis developed. The child became drowsy. The hematocrit had fallen to 7.1 g/dL. Cranial computerized tomography disclosed a huge frontoparietal epidural hematoma ...
Sirucek Pavel - - 2008
Moya moya is a progressive cerebral occlusive vasculopathy, rare in European countries. We describe a case of a young woman with right-hand side hemiparesis, mixed expressive aphasia, organic psychosyndrome and cognitive malfunction. Detailed imaging methods displayed bilateral stenosis of the internal carotid artery, bilateral ischemic cerebral changes and bilateral perfusion ...
Shoja Mohammadali M - - 2008
Carbon dioxide (CO(2)) interacts in complex ways with the brain and the endocrine and immune systems. Arterial CO(2) may be elevated or decreased following cerebral ischemia-reperfusion injury or stroke. The aim of the present review is to delineate potential changes in the neuroimmunoendocrine system following cerebral ischemia-reperfusion injury and to ...
Tanaka M - - 2008
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Chronic middle cerebral artery (MCA) occlusion is more common than generally thought. It is important to assess the cerebral hemodynamic status in patients with this chronic condition. We investigated the cerebral hemodynamic and metabolic disturbances in these patients in relation to the development of the collateral vasculature. ...
Bouchard Manon - - 2009
Reversible cerebral vasoconstriction syndrome (RCVS) usually presents with recurrent thunderclap headaches and is characterized by multifocal and reversible vasoconstriction of cerebral arteries that can sometimes evolve to severe cerebral ischemia and stroke. We describe the case of a patient who presented with a clinically typical RCVS and developed focal neurological ...
Lau Gilbert - - 2008
An eight-year-old female developed cerebral infarction, with eventual brain death, as a consequence of therapeutic embolisation of a large facial haemangioma. Post-mortem histological examination revealed the presence of identical foreign body emboli, consistent with at least one of the embolic agents used in the procedure, within the haemangioma and both ...
Kahilogullari G - - 2008
Although the morphology of the corpus callosum is well defined, the arterial supply of this structure has not been comprehensively studied. To elucidate this further, 40 cerebral hemispheres from 30 adult cadaveric brains were obtained. The anterior cerebral arteries were cannulated and injected with red latex. The following were observed ...
Schirmer Clemens M - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Calcific cerebral emboli are rare yet pose a difficult therapeutic challenge because of their lack of response to thrombolytic therapy and their propensity for fragmentation. CLINICAL PRESENTATION: A 75-year-old woman developed aphasia and hemiparesis after cardiac catheterization from a near-occlusive calcific embolus to the left middle cerebral artery origin. ...
Reis Cassius V C - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: An accessory middle cerebral artery (MCA) usually originates between the A1 and proximal A2 segment of the anterior cerebral artery, reaches the sylvian fissure, and supplies the territory of the MCA. This anomaly has been associated with cerebral aneurysms and Moyamoya disease. We report an accessory MCA arising from ...
Zheng L L Department of Neuroradiology, Institute of Neurological Sciences, Southern General Hospital, Glasgow, UK - - - 2008
We present the case of a 41-year-old man with a vascular network associated with the left posterior cerebral artery (PCA). Although initially considered to be a brain AVM, further investigation showed no arteriovenous shunting and a rete mirabile of the PCA was diagnosed. A well known but rare occurrence mainly ...
Terasawa Yuka - - 2008
A 70-year-old man with right hemiparesis (NIHSS score 15) was admitted to our hospital 1 h after onset. Diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) revealed a hyperintense lesion in the left corona radiata and magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) revealed occlusion of the left middle cerebral artery (MCA). At 2.5 h after onset, his ...
Christiansen Ingelise - - 2008
Long-term exposure to organic nitrates influences different sections of the vascular bed heterogeneously. Continuous dosage of nitrates leads to the development of tolerance both to the vascular effects and to the unwanted adverse effect, headache. Human data on the development of tolerance in different cranial arteries over more than 24 ...
Kapoor Kanchan - - 2008
Brains were obtained from 1000 medicolegal autopsy subjects of varying ages. The circle of Wills was examined at the base of the brain. The cerebral vessels were observed with regards to their origin, caliber and typical configuration. Variations were noted and grouped into different categories. Out of 1000 specimens examined, ...
Sekhar Laligam N - - 2008
This article extensively reviews the history, indications for bypass, choice of grafts, techniques, complications, and results after cerebral revascularization. The current role and future perspectives of cerebral revascularization are discussed. The results of 295 direct revascularization procedures in 285 patients (130 tumors and 115 aneurysms from 1988 to 2006; 40 ...
Melo Hyder Aragão de - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Environmental factors interfere on sickle cell anaemia (SCA). Transcanial Doppler (TCD) is important to evaluate cerebrovascular disease. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate brain haemodynamic profile of children with SCA in Sergipe. METHODS: Cross sectional study (group1: SCA patients aged 3-18; group2: age and sex matched healthy individuals). Baseline brain flow was ...
Krishnan Kartik G - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To describe a new technique of suturing microvessels with persistent perfusion via a temporary intraluminal microshunt. METHODS: Experiments were conducted in Wistar rats. Abdominal aorta grafts were explanted from donor rats. A soft silicon microcatheter was introduced into the lumen of this graft. The abdominal aorta of a recipient ...
Ii Yuichiro - - 2008
We report a 49-year-old woman with neuromyelitis optica (NMO) spectrum disorder coexisting with Sjögren's syndrome (SS). She presented with acute brainstem symptoms and transverse myelitis. Brain MRI showed focal high signal intensity lesions in the hypothalamus and the pontine tegmentum on T2-weighted and FLAIR images. MRA revealed stenotic changes of ...
Tutar Nihal Uslu - - 2008
We describe the features of a duplicated middle cerebral artery identified by computed tomographic angiography that originates from a previously undefined origin, ie, from the petrous portion of the internal carotid artery. Recognition of this anomaly is important in patients with a possible aneurysm, which was not present in our ...
Chang In Bok - - 2008
The authors report on a case of a metastatic choriocarcinoma that mimicked systemic necrotizing vasculitis on a cerebral angiogram. A 35-year-old woman presented with right hemiplegia and a drowsy mental state. A computed tomography (CT) scan revealed an intracerebral hemorrhage in the left frontal region. A cerebral angiogram showed multiple ...
Socci L - - 2008
The purpose of this work is to review the computational models of the adaptive behavior of the cerebral vascular wall aimed at simulating aneurysm formation and enlargement. Cerebral aneurysms are localized abnormal enlargements of the intracranial arterial vessels. The origin of this pathology is still unclear: however, aneurysm formation is ...
Immer Franz F - - 2008
BACKGROUND: We have shown that selective antegrade cerebral perfusion improves mid-term quality of life in patients undergoing surgical repair for acute type A aortic dissection and aortic aneurysms. The aim of the study was to assess the impact of continuous cerebral perfusion through the right subclavian artery on immediate outcome ...
Sakellaropoulos Antonios - - 2008
We present a rare case of hypoplasia of the vertebral arteries bilaterally, of the basilar artery, of the posterior cerebral arteries bilaterally, and right-sided aplasia of A1 branch of anterior cerebral artery. The patient became symptomatic with sudden-onset headaches, likely caused by high hemodynamic stress. The origin of the hypoplastic ...
El-Khouly Hatem - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To define the arterial supply to the facial nerve that crosses the floor of the middle cranial fossa. METHODS: Twenty-five middle fossae from adult cadaveric-injected specimens were examined under 3 to 40x magnification. RESULTS: The petrosal branch of the middle meningeal artery is the sole source of supply that ...
Link Timothy E - - 2008
Cerebral vasospasm after subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) is a major contributor to mortality and morbidity after aneurysm rupture. Recently, R-type voltage-dependent Ca(2+) channel (VDCC) expression has been associated with increased cerebral artery constriction in a rabbit model of SAH. The goal of the present study was to examine whether the blood ...
Aoki Tomohiro - - 2008
Subarachnoid hemorrhage due to the rupture of a cerebral aneurysm is a life-threatening disease. Despite this, the detailed mechanisms underlying the initiation and progression of cerebral aneurysm are unclear. The relation of hypercholesterolemia and apolipoprotein E (ApoE) to cerebral aneurysm formation, has been unclear until now. We used, in the ...
Yoshioka Masakazu - - 2008
Most cases of thymic carcinoma have some invasion to neighboring organs when diagnosed, and it is generally difficult to completely remove. We adopted selective cerebral perfusion as a cerebral protection and successfully performed resection of a thymic adenocarcinoma that involved the superior vena cava, left brachiocephalic vein, right brachiocephalic artery ...
Shoja Mohammadali M - - 2008
The diencephalon, upper brain stem and other basal brain structures are supplied chiefly by penetrating branches of the cerebral arteries. We examined the retrochiasmatic space between the superior border of the pons and posterior edge of the optic chiasm in six randomly selected adult fresh brain specimens. Lateral or anterolateral ...
Desai Devang - - 2008
A 57-year-old male presented with right upper abdominal lump since 3 months. He was diagnosed to have a hepatic artery aneurysm. He was investigated thoroughly but no cause was found. He was subjected to endovascular embolisation of the aneurysm using endovascular coils. Subsequently the aneurysm was completely occluded. Hepatic artery ...
Pai R Shakuntala - - 2008
The knowledge of anatomical variations in hepatic artery are of importance to surgeons and radiologists while performing complicated procedures like liver transplantation and transarterial chemo-embolization for hepatic tumors. The incidence of accessory left hepatic artery is less common than the right accessory hepatic artery. Here we report an anomalous accessory ...
Wicker B K - - 2008
Much is known about cerebral vasospasm, a devastating sequela to ruptured intracranial aneurysms, yet underlying mechanisms remain unclear and clinical treatments have proven unsatisfactory. We have hypothesised that biochemical stimuli associated with the formation of extravascular blood clots dominate early maladaptive responses, leading to marked structural and functional changes in ...
Arivazhagan Arimappamagan - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Cerebral abscess commonly occurs secondary to trauma, hematogenous spread from distant infection, or otitis media. Pulmonary AVF is an uncommon cause of recurrent cerebral abscess and is often overlooked. We report 3 cases of cerebral abscesses secondary to pulmonary AVF. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 20-year-old man who presented with fever, ...
Barbato Joel E - - 2008
The use of a distal filter cerebral protection device with carotid artery stenting is commonplace. There is little evidence, however, that filters are effective in preventing embolic lesions. This study examined the incidence of embolic phenomenon during carotid artery stenting with and without filter use. This was a prospective, randomized, ...
Kocaeli H - - 2008
The rupture of an aneurysm into an arachnoid cyst and subdural space is unusual. A 25-year-old man was admitted 2 weeks after having undergone a burr hole drainage for a chronic subdural haematoma elsewhere. An angiogram revealed a small aneurysm at the bifurcation of the middle cerebral artery. The aneurysm ...
Shrestha Prabin - - 2008
It has already been proved by many studies that surgical revascularization definitely helps in curing the symptoms of moyamoya vasculopathy. In this regard, we present a case of moyamoya disease which was cured by concurrent multiple anastomotic procedures, namely superficial temporal artery (STA), middle cerebral artery (MCA) anastomosis, encephalomyosynangiosis (EMS) ...
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