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Results 351 - 400 of 408
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Hessel S J - - 1981
In the era of selective and superselective arteriography, vessel tortuosity, even in the presence of good pulses, can impede catheterization of the aorta and its branches. We assessed 101 patients who had femoral arteriography to determine whether there was a significant difference in tortuosity between the right and left sides ...
Wilkie R - - 1980
Epidural venography is a relatively simple, safe and highly accurate method of diagnosing lumbar disc herniations. Good opacification of the epidural venous plexus can be obtained by selective catheterization of the ascending lumbar vein or pre-sacral branches of the internal iliac veins. Experience with 100 cases of lumbar disc herniations ...
Puri V K - - 1980
Invasive hemodynamic procedures are increasingly used for monitoring critically ill and injured patients. The results of a prospective study on complications of 210 vascular catheterizations in 116 critically ill patients are reported. A total of 80 central venous (CV), 71 pulmonary artery (PA), and 59 arterial (A) catheterizations were performed ...
Bruni A - - 1980
Arteriography was used to study the arterial distribution of the hard and soft palate in dogs with and without cleft palate. Selective catheterization of the maxillary arteries produced arteriograms of the palatine arteries. Surgical exposure of the left common carotid artery or the right femoral artery was used for entry ...
Berkowitz R L - - 1980
Pulmonary artery flow-directed (Swan-Ganz [SG]) catheters are widely accepted as an integral part of the modern management of critically ill patients. Their use permits rational therapeutic decisions to be made on the basis of continuously evolving indices of ventricular function. The information which may be derived from these monitors and ...
Gurri J A - - 1980
Our management of patients with suspected brachial artery injury following cardiac catheterization and the results of operative management in 42 patients are reported. From this review the following suggestions or conclusions are made: 1) The absence of a distal radial pulse or a 30-mm Hg difference in forearm pressures four ...
Little W C - - 1980
Cardiac catheterization in a patient 4 weeks after coronary arterial bypass surgery demonstrated the typical hemodynamic findings of constrictive pericarditis, which completely resolved after removal of 500 ml of clotted pericardial blood. The pericardium was not responsible for the findings because it was left in place. This case demonstrates that ...
Hesslein P S - - 1980
During the past ten years we have performed certain phases of cardiac catheterization on 48 children using a modified percutaneous sheath technique to enter a superficial arm vein. Our patients ranged in age from 15 months to 21 years, with a mean age of 10.0 years. The indications for a ...
Long J A JA - - 1980
The authors describe a simple ultrasonic technique for monitoring arterial patency of the limb distal to the site of the arterial catheterization as well as the heart rate. The same system may be used to guide the puncture in obese patients and monitor patency of the artery while applying pressure ...
Adams J M - - 1980
In 147 radial artery catheterizations performed, blanching or embolization was noted in 10.8% of the patients. Only a single episode of catheter-related septicemia was observed (0.6%) Mean duration of catheterization was 48 +/- 6 hours. Of 110 catheters cultured 25.4% grew bacteria; most organisms cultured were nonpathogenic. Duration of catheterization ...
Bentley S J - - 1979
Seven previously well patients with acute staphylococcal pericarditis and purulent pericardial effusion are described. All had a septicaemic illness in which worsening heart failure with signs of cardiac tamponade became the major problems of management. Tropical pyomyositis was probably the predisposing illness in four patients. This number of proven cases ...
Watson R D - - 1979
1. Blood samples were obtained simultaneously from femoral artery and vein, pulmonary artery and antecubital vein at rest and during isometric and dynamic exercise in six patients during cardiac catheterization and plasma noradrenaline was measured radioenzymatically. 2. Analysis of variance indicated that differences between vascular sites were not significant, whereas ...
Elliott C G - - 1979
In order to evaluate the incidence and the significance of complications resulting from the use of flow--directed, balloon--tipped catheters to monitor critically ill patients, we made a prospective study of 116 pulmonary artery catheterizations. Indications for catheterization included shock, pulmonary edema, or hemodynamic instability following surgery. Arrhythmias, including premature atrial ...
Getzen L C - - 1979
Results of femoral vein catheterization were compared with those of subclavian and antecubital vein catheterization in 2,345 combat casualties during treatment of hypovolemic shock. Femoral vein catheterization was successful in 95.5 per cent of cases. Accidental arterial puncture occurred in 6.3 per cent, hematomas in 1.3 per cent, and infection ...
Gertner J - - 1979
Classically, duration of infusion was thought to increase the rate of contamination by catheters. The results of this study show that this is not true and that, to the contrary, there is a definite difference in contamination rates between the basilic and the jugular and subclavian veins. The advantage of ...
van Heeckeren D W - - 1979
Arteriovenous fistula of the innominate artery occurred in a patient 3 weeks after retrograde brachial arterial catheterization was performed 1 day before aortocoronary bypass surgery. Intramural dissection was noted at catheterization, and a mediastinal hematoma at operation. Exploration of the hematoma in the course of catheterization might have prevented the ...
Carlon G C - - 1979
Two cases of catheterization of the pulmonary artery, in which the hemodynamic findings were very different from the initial clinical diagnosis, are presented. The importance of verifying the adequate position and motion of the pulomonary artery catheters with two consecutive chest x-rays is discussed. In particular, attention is brought to ...
Handler J B - - 1979
Cardiac catheterization techniques for measuring the systolic pressure gradient across the stent-mounted porcine xenograft in the aortic position and accomplishing left ventriculography are described. The transseptal technique is a rapid and predictable means of entering the left ventricle but requires a highly skilled operator. Retrograde left ventricular catheterization via the ...
Burcharth F - - 1979
The most widespread technique for catheterization of the portal venous system is the percutaneous transhepatic with selective catheterization of the portal tributaries. The procedure is most often used for portography in patients with liver cirrhosis, but can also be used for pharmacoligic, metabolic and hemodynamic studies. By selective catheterization of ...
Barry W H - - 1979
An arterial sheath with a proximal hemostasis valve and a side-arm extension tube was used in 562 consecutive patients undergoing cardiac catheterization and angiography via the femoral approach. Serious complications were rare. There was one death, one peripheral embolism, and one episode of delayed groin hemorrhage. The incidence of minor ...
Mathews R A - - 1979
Twenty-two patients developed thrombosis of the lower abdominal portion of the inferior vena cava, iliac or femoral vein (IVT) after cardiac catheterization. All patients has at least one previous study from 1 day to 11 months of age (mean, 2 months) and seven had two catheterizations before discovery of IVT. ...
Gordon D H - - 1978
Selective catheterization of the celiac axis may be difficult when the lumen of the artery is compromised. The presence of an inflated compression balloon in the stomach may narrow the artery, presumably by placing tension on the median arcuate ligament of the diaphragm. Deflation of the gastric balloon can facilitate ...
Kavanagh-Gray D - - 1978
Alternate members of a group of 100 cardiac patients subjected to right and left heart catheterization studies and angiography received 5000 units of heparin intravenously prior to arterial cannulation. There was no instance of arterial occlusion among these 50 patients, while in 6 of the control group the incised brachial ...
Wennevold A - - 1978
18 patients with mild and moderate valvular pulmonary stenosis diagnosed by heart catheterization before the age of 2 yr (mean 11.6 mth) were followed for 5 to 21 yr without operation. 15 cases had a repeat catheterization study after a mean interval of 10.7 yr. Of 7 cases with an ...
Hayes B E - - 1978
A method of pulmonary artery (PA) catheterization in the closed-chest rat is described. This catheterization is best accomplished with teflon catheters having a "shepherd's crook" tip. Catheter preparation is detailed. The functional advantages of such a PA catheter are: 1) the tip can remain free within the right ventricle (RV) ...
Obrez I - - 1978
A multipurpose "wire-ship" catheter has been developed for selective catheterization of branches arising from the aorta. The catheter tip is formed in three dimensions to allow simple selective catheterization and to provide improved stability during injection of contrast media by power injector or by hand. For successful catheterization it is ...
Saia O S - - 1978
Catheterization of the umbilical artery for the treatment of critically ill neonates provides a convenient method for monitoring blood gas tension and chemistry. The most important complications are thrombotic. Thirty eight aortographs were carried out in infants who underwent umbilical artery catheterization. 17/38 of the aortographs were pathological. Bacterial cultures ...
Rinkenberger R L - - 1978
Electrical alternans concomitant with pericardial effusion has been considered a pathognomonic sign suggestive of a large effusion with cardiac tamponade, particularly if there is P wave alternans as well as QRS alternans. However, the mechanism of this phenomonon remains controversial. A patient with pericardial effusion secondary to adenocarcinoma of the ...
Prian G W - - 1977
One hundred high-risk newborns underwent a total of 115 temporal artery catheterizations using direct arterial exposure. Early catheter-related complications occurred in 10 patients: retrograde thrombosis of the posterior auricular artery (6), small area of skin slough at catheterization site (2), and positive blood cultures. (2). Twenty-five surviving infants were examined ...
Joffe H S - - 1977
A pair of thoracopagus conjoined twins is described in whom a common heart with atrial and ventricular conjunction was demonstrated by cardiac catheterization and at autopsy. Each twin had an independent noncommunicating single ventricle with separate origins of the aorta and pulmonary arteries. A complex pattern of pulmonary and systemic ...
Morrison G W - - 1977
Entry into the left atrium during cardiac catheterization may be essential for full assessment of the hemodynamic situation, particularly for the accurate calculation of pulmonary blood flow and pulmonary arteriolar resistance. The retrograde transaortic transmitral technique of left atrial catheterization has been described in adults but no detailed reports are ...
Hurwitz R A - - 1977
Patency of the femoral artery of infants and children who previously had percutaneous arterial catheterization at a weight of less than 25 kg was studied angiographically. During the study period, 118 patients had repeat arterial catheterization. 48 from the opposite leg. Femoral artery occlusion was found in four patients, while ...
Katz J D - - 1977
The risk factor of pulmonary artery catheterization was assessed in 392 critically ill patients. Major indications for catheterization in the operating room were marginal cardiovascular reserve, anticipated large fluid and blood loss, and hypotensive anesthesia. Immediate complications included cardiac arrhythmia, carotid artery puncture, and pneumotherax. Long-term complications included positive bacterial ...
Clark J M - - 1977
In severely ill newborns conventional methods of umbilical artery catheterization sometimes fail to achieve a functioning intravascular line. In 18 of 19 such newborns requiring umbilical artery catheters for optimal management, successful catheterization was attained using a cutdown procedure on the umbilical arteries. Vascular perforation within the anulus umbilicalis, tunica ...
Cutler V E - - 1977
Central umbilical artery catheterization, currently a widely used procedure in neonatal intensive care units, is accompanied by a substantial risk of vascular complications. Unilateral skin necrosis of the buttock was the initially seen manifestation of vascular occlusion secondary to thromboembolic phenomena or direct vascular damage from central umbilical artery catheterization ...
Sweeney L J - - 1977
The anatomy of the limbus and its relationship to the fossa ovalis were studied in 90 normal human hearts in an attempt to explain the clinical success of blunt trans-septal catheterization. Previously reported rates of patent foramen ovale (25-35% of adult specimens) were confirmed, well below the reported rate of ...
Waldman J D - - 1977
Retograde arterial catheterization has been the standard approach to hemodynamic and angiographic evaluation of the left ventricle and systemic arterial system. An alternative approach--antegrade left heart catheterization--is reported that circumvents arterial puncture. During cardiac catheterization from the femoral vein in 18 children with normally related great arteries who had interatrial ...
Elkayam U - - 1976
The echocardiographic findings in a 73-year-old woman with constrictive calcified pericarditis are presented. The diagnosis was confirmed by physical examination, chest X-rays and cardiac catheterization. The echocardiogram demonstrated abnormal motion of the interventricular septum and of the left ventricular posterior wall, multiple thickened echoes of the posterior pericardium, and a ...
Mortensson W - - 1976
Iliac and femoral arteries previously exposed to percutaneous catheterization were examined by angiography in conjunction with re-catheterization in 44 infants and children, most of them with heart disease. Frequency and extension of thrombotic changes were analysed, as well as the relationship between occurrence of thrombotic complications and age, haematocrit value, ...
Wentz A C - - 1976
Twenty-two hirsute women underwent percutaneous adrenal and ovarian vein catheterization to differentiate and localize excessive hormonal output. All studies were done under fluoroscopic control; catheter placement was verified by venography, and blood samples were withdrawn for hormonal analysis. The right ovarian vein was successfully sampled in 42 per cent of ...
De Angelis J - - 1976
Axillary arterial catheterization for intraoperative and postoperative monitoring was successful in 90% of 87 attempts. Complications occurred in nine patients; there were eight hematomas, one of which was extensive. In the ninth patient, radial pulsations disappeared but returned after the catheter was withdrawn. There were no sequelae in any of ...
Rajs J - - 1976
A variety of complications of umbilical vessel catheterization in the newborn have been reported by earlier investigators. This paper describes a case in which umbilical artery catheterization probably gave rise to an aortic aneurysm. The histological findings suggested that the hypoxic changes in the aortic wall as well as the ...
Reddy P S - - 1976
Simultaneous Fick and duplicate dye cardiac outputs were done in 105 patients with various cardiovascular diseases during routine cardiac catheterization. Dye was injected into the pulmonary artery and sampled from the brachial artery. Nineteen patients had mitral and/or aortic valvular regurgitation. Eighty-four per cent of the duplicate dye cardiac outputs ...
Komaki S - - 1976
Superselective catheterization is critical when treating acute gastrointestinal arterial bleeders. The author has been using a coaxial catheter system with excellent results. The technical aspects of two representative cases are discussed. This is a particularly valuable technique when dealing with the anomalous left gastric artery which supplies the left lobe ...
Mortensson W - - 1975
The frequency of, and the conditions which contribute to a reduction of the arterial peak flow to the calves after percutaneous catheterization of the femoral artery were studied by strain gauge plethysmography in 98 catheterizations of children aged 2-16 years. Marked, rapidly disappearing flow reduction, considered to be caused by ...
Joshi V V - - 1975
A patient had neonatal necrotizing enterocolitis (NNE), secondary to aortic thrombosis following umbilical arterial catheterization. The thrombus occluded the ostium of the inferior mesenteric artery. A review of cases reported in the literature with complications following umbilical arterial catheterization revealed four instances of NNE or NNE-like lesions due to thrombosis ...
Mortensson W - - 1975
The influence of percutaneous catheterization of the femoral vessels on the arterial peak flow (APF) and the venous emptying rate (VER) of the calves was studied with strain gauge plethysmography in 112 children 2-16 years of age, who underwent arterial (49 cases) or venous catheterization, mostly because of heart disease. ...
Goetzman B W - - 1975
Catheterization of the aorta via the umbilical artery provides a convenient route for monitoring arterial blood pressure, for obtaining blood specimens for measurement of blood gas tensions and chemistries, and for the infusion of fluids and pharmacologic preparations in sick newborn infants. Use of this technique may be accompanied by ...
Todres I D - - 1975
Percutaneous catheterization of the radial artery appears to be a simple and safe alternative to catheterization of the umbilical artery for monitoring critically ill neonates. This avoids the serious and potentially fatal complications associated with use of the umbilical arterial catheter, and it is also applicable to monitoring of neonates ...
Kjellstrand C M - - 1975
Five life threatening complications of percutaneous femoral vein catheterization for hemodialysis (Shaldon Technique) are presented. They occurred over a period of five years during which 700 uneventful catheterizations were carried out. In three instances femoroiliac vein thrombosis occurred, and on one occasion this was complicated by pulmonary embolism. In two ...
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