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Gilchrist Ian C - - 2002
Transradial cardiac catheterization has been historically limited to arterial catheterization. Using small-diameter introducers and catheters, a technique of combined right and left heart catheterization is described using both the radial artery and its neighboring vein. Evaluation of 55 sequential right and left heart procedures showed that it could be accomplished ...
Smith T P - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Femoral access site complications have increased as the fields of invasive cardiology, radiology, and endovascular surgery have emerged. In order to address one of these complications, hemorrhage, the hemostatic puncture closure devices were developed. METHODS: Retrospective review of cardiac catheterizations performed at a single institution to investigate infectious groin ...
Xavier-Neto J - - 2001
Establishment of anterior-posterior polarity is one of the earliest decisions in cardiogenesis. Specification of anterior (outflow) and posterior (inflow) structures ensures proper connections between venous system and inflow tract and between arterial tree and outflow tract. The last few years have witnessed remarkable progress in our understanding of cardiac anteroposterior ...
Fukui S - - 2001
Mice are commonly used in laboratory experiments. Their femoral arteries are so tiny that catheterization is quite difficult. We describe a new method to catheterize the femoral artery in mice. The key feature of this new method is the use of a nylon suture as a 'guide wire'. The full ...
Hesselink D A - - 2001
A 69-year-old woman was hospitalized because of a left-sided pneumothorax due to chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. During chest tube placement she developed hypotension and a decrease in peripheral oxygen saturation. A diagnosis of heart tamponade was made and the patient was treated successfully with pericardiocentesis and placement of a pericardial ...
Hashimoto M - - 2001
Retrograde catheterization of the right gastric artery was attempted in 22 patients for the purpose of proximal right gastric artery embolization. Retrograde catheterization was successfully performed in 12 of the 14 patients (86%) with smooth anastomoses. Retrograde catheterization was unsuccessful (n = 1) or time-consuming (n = 1) in two ...
Yang Y - - 2001
Cerebral embolization has been documented as one of the complications of diagnostic heart catheterization by transcranial Doppler (TCD). This study aimed to evaluate our hypothesis that the nature of embolic signals involved in different stages of catheter manipulation may be distinct. TCD-detected cerebral emboli occurring at different phases of cardiac ...
Barone J E - - 2001
Despite widespread use pulmonary artery catheterization has not been proven to reduce complications or mortality. One study supported the use of routine preoperative pulmonary artery catheterization in moderate-risk vascular surgery patients; several other studies have reported that pulmonary artery catheterization is not efficacious. Our goal was to scrutinize the data ...
Borden N M - - 2001
We describe a novel technique to selectively catheterize the meningohypophyseal trunk (MHT) and its branches. We emphasize the difficulty in accessing the MHT via an ipsilateral approach because of the geometric orientation of this vessel to the parent internal carotid artery.
Dzyban L A - - 2001
A three-year-old, female guinea pig (Cavia porcellus) presented for acute dyspnea and weakness. Radiographs and echocardiography were consistent with a diagnosis of pericardial effusion and heart failure secondary to cardiac tamponade. Ultrasound-guided pericardiocentesis was performed, and clinical signs rapidly improved. Serial echocardiography and radiographs demonstrated normalization of cardiac function over ...
Kono T - - 2000
A cardiac leimyosarcoma is an extremely rare tumor. We report a case of complete resection of a cardiac leiomyosarcoma extending into the pulmonary trunk and the right pulmonary artery using the Freestyle bioprosthesis (Medtronic, Inc, Minneapolis, MN) and Xenomedica graft (Baxter Healthcare Corp, Horw, Switzerland). Extensive resection and reconstructive surgery ...
Rorie M - - 2000
This is an unusual case of a 37-year-old male whose initial presentation to medical care was for dyspnea. A transthoracic echocardiogram was suspicious for cor triatriatum, which was confirmed by transesophageal echocardiography. Since the resting transmembrane gradient was low, a cardiac catheterization with exercise hemodynamics was performed and demonstrated a ...
Mas C - - 2000
Following Doppler echocardiographic evaluation, a 16 hour-old infant underwent successful surgical repair of common pulmonary vein atresia. Investigations for prolonged postoperative ventilatory assistance, including cardiac catheterization and computerized tomography, led to a clinical diagnosis of associated pulmonary lymphangiectasia. Although this has caused continuing tachypnoea, at 16 months of age, he ...
Powell A J - - 2000
Detailed imaging of pulmonary artery (PA) anatomy and significant aorto-pulmonary collaterals (APCs) is crucial for surgical planning and follow-up in patients with complex congenital heart disease (CHD) and pulmonary stenosis or atresia. Because examination by echocardiography is often technically limited and catheterization is invasive, this study evaluated the diagnostic accuracy ...
McElhinney D B - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Systemic to pulmonary arterial collaterals often develop after bidirectional cavopulmonary anastomosis (BCPA). It has been proposed that such collaterals may be related to perioperative outcome and duration of effusions after the modified Fontan procedure. However, the incidence and significance of collaterals after BCPA remain uncertain. METHODS: To evaluate risk ...
Tast A - - 2000
In endocrinological studies, the usual methods for taking blood samples are impractical because of the need for frequent sampling, and catheterization is required. The catheterization methods described for domestic pigs are not suitable for use with European wild boars (Sus scrofa) under field conditions. We describe a method for inserting ...
Avidor Y - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: Failure to retrogradely catheterize an obstructed ureter may require a nephrostomy. We describe an endoscopic technique to catheterize a severely obstructed ureter when the obstruction does not permit passage of a ureteral catheter over a wire. METHODS: Using a cystoscope, a wire is passed beyond the obstruction. When the ...
Donovan F M FM - - 2000
Cardiac output is measured by placing a double lumen catheter with a thermistor on the tip through the right ventricle into the pulmonary artery, injecting cold saline into the right atrium, and integrating the resulting pulmonary artery temperature profile. If a similar procedure is performed with thermistors located in the ...
Rindflesch T C - - 2000
The language describing coronary vasculature provides a suitable paradigm for research in semantic interpretation of anatomical text. As a pilot project we investigate the possibility of highly accurate retrieval of arterial branching relationships asserted in cardiac catheterization reports. Our methodology relies on the cooperation of underspecified linguistic analysis and structured ...
Goedje O - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: To compare two thermodilution methods for the determination of cardiac output (CO)-thermodilution in the pulmonary artery (COpa) and thermodilution in the femoral artery (COa)-with each other and with CO determined by continuous pulse contour analysis (COpc) in terms of reproducibility, bias, and correlation among the different methods. Good agreement ...
Ailani R K - - 1999
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To assess the utility of a new parameter in the differentiation of dyspnea of cardiac origin from dyspnea of pulmonary origin. METHODS: The peak expiratory flow (PEF) rate and the partial pressure of oxygen in arterial blood (PaO(2)) were measured in 71 patients with the chief complaint of ...
Sugihara I T - - 1999
To evaluate cardiac function with various tracers to be used for radionuclide scintigraphy, we examined the validity of a simplified method to measure cardiac output (CO) by modifying the equation of Stewart-Hamilton in the radionuclide study. After a bolus injection of I-123 or Tc-99m tracer, the total injection dose and ...
Marik P E - - 1999
The clinical assessment of cardiac performance and ventricular preload is notoriously unreliable in critically ill patients. Consequently, a number of technologies have been developed to provide the clinician with indexes of cardiovascular function to assist in therapeutic decision making. Foremost among these is the pulmonary artery catheter (PAC). Indeed, the ...
Geissler H J - - 1999
Cannulation of the canine major prenodal cardiac lymphatic (MPCL) is the most common approach for the investigation of myocardial lymphatic function. However, the assumption that the MPCL drains pure cardiac lymph has been questioned. We studied variations of MPCL anatomy and investigated whether noncardiac lymph is drained by this lymphatic. ...
Wadhwa S S - - 1999
Amyloidosis is characterized by the soft-tissue deposition of amyloid protein. It may occur as a primary disorder but more often is seen as a manifestation of chronic illness. Scattered reports of the affinity of amyloid for bone scanning agents have appeared over many years. Isolated cardiac uptake of Tc-99m HDP ...
Poelaert J - - 1999
This study was undertaken in order to elucidate the differences between various planes of measurement and Doppler techniques (pulsed- vs. continuous-wave Doppler) across the aortic valve to estimate cardiac output. In 45 coronary artery bypass patients, cardiac output was measured each time using four different Doppler techniques (transverse and longitudinal ...
Eskuri A D - - 1999
With the development of minimally invasive surgical techniques, the number of femoral artery catheterization procedures continues to climb. The current procedure for closing the femoral artery incision site is crude, costly, time consuming, and uncomfortable for the patient. A device to close the incision site with standard surgical suture would ...
Boris J R - - 1998
This study evaluated the efficacy of intraarterial papaverine infusion after pediatric cardiac catheterization in reducing the incidence of lost pulse. This study was conducted at a teaching pediatric hospital and was designed as a randomized, prospective, double-blind, placebo-controlled study. Patients were children 5 years old or less undergoing antegrade and ...
Hoekstra A - - 1998
Arterial catheterization is one of the most frequently performed inpatient diagnostic and therapeutic procedures in the development countries. Complications may occur after any catheterization from inadequate hemostasis, particularly in the setting of aggressive anticoagulation. This study suggests that microcrystalline chitosan (MCCh) sealant installation via an arterial sheath at the completion ...
Lazarides M K - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the incidence and patterns of all iatrogenic arterial injuries (IAI) necessitating surgical repair in a ten-year period. DESIGN: Retrospective study. SETTING: Departments of Vascular Surgery a) Athens General Hospital "G. Gennimatas" and b) Red Cross Hospital of Athens, Greece. PATIENTS: Eighty-seven patients underwent surgical repair of an ...
Seguin P - - 1998
PURPOSE: A new semi-continuous thermodilution cardiac output (CCO) system has been developed recently (Opti-Q and Q-vue Abbott critical care system). The aim of this study was to compare the accuracy and reproducibility of this new device with conventional ice-bolus thermodilution cardiac output (BCO). METHODS: Fifteen critically ill patients who needed ...
Lefrant J Y - - 1998
BACKGROUND: Catheterization of the subclavian vein may lead to severe complications. The current randomized study compared a technique of pulsed Doppler ultrasonography guidance and the standard method for subclavian vein catheterization. METHODS: Standard and Doppler ultrasonography guidance methods were performed by the same physician in 286 patients, 143 in each ...
Mirvis D M - - 1998
Previous studies have demonstrated that regionalization of resources for cardiac catheterization, percutaneous coronary artery angioplasty (PTCA), and coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG) reduces the rate of procedure use. It was hypothesized that the impact of regionalization would be greater for the elderly and for African-Americans than for other populations. ...
Economides E G - - 1998
A 46-year-old man presented to his physician with nonspecific abdominal complaints. CT of the abdomen was obtained to investigate his symptoms, which showed significant pericardial effusion. One week after drainage of the pericardial fluid, his symptoms recurred and a transesophageal echo showed a right atrial tumor. Cardiac catheterization demonstrated right ...
Berenstein A - - 1997
OBJECTIVE AND IMPORTANCE: For neonates requiring cerebral endovascular procedures, an alternative route of arterial access, the umbilical artery, is described. Transfemoral catheterization, with its attendant risks, can thus be avoided. CLINICAL PRESENTATION: Six neonates with severe cardiac failure secondary to aneurysmal malformations of the vein of Galen underwent transarterial embolization ...
Thompson A E - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: To review the literature addressing use of the pulmonary artery catheter (PAC) in pediatric patients. DATA SOURCE: All pertinent English language articles dealing with the use of pulmonary artery catheterization in pediatric patients were retrieved from 1979 through 1996. STUDY SELECTION: Articles were chosen for review if the use ...
Chalfin D B - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: To review the literature addressing economic issues related to use of the pulmonary artery catheter (PAC). DATA SOURCE: All pertinent English language articles related to economic analysis of the use of pulmonary artery catheterization were retrieved from 1977 through 1996. STUDY SELECTION: Articles were chosen for review if an ...
Kelso L A - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: To review the literature addressing complications associated with pulmonary artery catheterization. DATA SOURCE: All pertinent English language articles dealing with complications associated with pulmonary artery catheterization were retrieved from 1979 through 1996. STUDY SELECTION: Articles were chosen for review if the primary objective of the paper was complications associated ...
Sprung C L - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: To review the literature addressing ethical issues related to clinical research and the pulmonary artery catheter (PAC). DATA SOURCE: All pertinent English language articles dealing with ethical issues related to clinical research and the PAC were retrieved from 1970 through 1996. STUDY SELECTION: Articles were chosen for review if ...
Sprung C L - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: To review the literature addressing the issue of a U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) moratorium on use of the pulmonary artery catheter (PAC). DATA SOURCE: Pertinent English language articles dealing with medical devices including the PAC were retrieved from 1976 through 1996. STUDY SELECTION: Articles were chosen if ...
Venkataraman S T - - 1997
The success rate and complications from femoral arterial and venous catheterization in infants and children in a university affiliate pediatric intensive care unit were determined prospectively over a 2-year period. We also performed a meta-analysis from published literature to determine the combined estimates of noninfectious and infectious complications (with 95% ...
Hilty W M - - 1997
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To compare the use of real-time-ultrasound guidance with the standard landmark-oriented approach for obtaining femoral vein catheterization in patients requiring intravenous access during CPR. METHODS: Prospective, randomized, paired subject-controlled clinical trial in the setting of an urban teaching county hospital emergency department. The study comprised a convenience sample ...
Jons P H - - 1997
Radial arterial catheterization is needed for repeated arterial blood samples to construct tracer input curves of positron emission tomography (PET) scans (Herscovitch [1993]: Rheum Dis Clin North Am 19:765-794). Complications resulting from such short-term catheterizations are rare. Sixteen investigators followed 106 subjects who had arterial lines placed in the context ...
Nikiforov Y V - - 1996
Cardiac output was measured in 11 patients during extra-corporeal detoxification after open heart surgery. All patients were mechanically ventilated and had pulmonary artery catheters for cardiac output (COT) measured by thermodilution. A sensor on the arterial side of the extracorporeal circulation measured flow and sound velocity transients. Injections of 2-5 ...
Gerber D R - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: To determine if either wire-guided-catheters (WGC) or nonwire-guided catheters (non-WGCs) are associated with a higher rate of successful arterial cannulation overall or when evaluated by a variety of patient and operator characteristics. DESIGN: Prospective clinical trial in a ten-bed adult medical-surgical ICU in a 500-bed university hospital. PATIENTS: Adults ...
Roger V L VL Division of Cardiovascular Diseases, Mayo Clinic Rochester, MN 55905, - - 1996
To examine the use of Doppler echocardiography in preoperative assessment of aortic stenosis and to determine its effect on subsequent use of hemodynamic cardiac catheterization. We retrospectively reviewed a consecutive series of 574 adult patients who underwent aortic valve replacement for aortic stenosis between 1990 and 1992 at our institution. ...
Garofalo M - - 1995
Femoral artery lesions may occur after cardiac catheterization or percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA). The incidence of pseudoaneurysm following transfemoral catheterization ranges from 0.21 to 6.25%. Among 3162 cardiac catheterization procedures thirteen (0.41%) patients presented a femoral pseudoaneurysm requiring surgical repair. The Authors reported their technical consideration about the utility ...
Lefrant J Y - - 1995
The purpose of the study was to compare cardiac output (CO) measurement by continuous (CTD) with that by conventional thermodilution (TD) in critically ill patients. In 19 of 20 critically ill patients requiring a pulmonary artery catheterism, 105 paired CO measurements were performed by both CTD and TD. Regression analysis ...
Fitzgerald P J - - 1995
An intracardiac pheochromocytoma is extremely rare. This patient first presented postpartum at age 28 with clinical signs, symptoms and biochemical evidence suspicious for the diagnosis of pheochromocytoma. Multiple radiologic studies and laparotomy failed to confirm the diagnosis. Some 20 years later the patient presented with complaints of chest pain, palpitations, ...
Wilms G - - 1995
From the beginning of the era of X-rays, cardiac radiology has become a target of this new technique. Early pioneers, Ciegem, Rieder, Rosenthal, Williams rapidly accumulated extensive experience with fluoroscopy and radiography and publications on cardiac diseases as soon as 1899 and 1901 and 1902. The next step in cardiac ...
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