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Qureshi Shakeel A - - 2006
Cardiac catheterization is infrequently required in babies with pulmonary atresia with intact ventricular septum. The main indications are to decide on the best form of treatment, the options being determined by the right ventricular as well as infundibular morphology and the presence of right-ventricle dependent coronary circulation. In most cases, ...
Jinno Teiji - - 2006
A 55-year-old man was transferred to our hospital for removal of cardiac and pulmonary tumors. Transesophageal echocardiography demonstrated a large echogenic mass in the left ventricle. The mass was attached to the posterior wall of the left ventricle and the mitral valve. Chest computed tomography showed a solitary, well-defind nodular ...
Hirsch Russel - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Pulmonary venous anomalies may be difficult to define in small, critically ill infants using standard echocardiography. In many centers, invasive cardiac catheterization is used if the diagnosis remains inconclusive. We evaluated computed tomography angiography (CTA) as a low-risk alternative to cardiac catheterization in these infants. METHODS: All infants <7 ...
Moon-Grady Anita J - - 2007
Proximal pulmonary artery stenosis is a common acquired lesion in infants treated for congenital heart disease. We hypothesized that a large number of stenoses develop at the site of ductal insertion in patients with right ventricular outflow tract obstruction (RVOTO) and that these patients are at risk for developing hypoplasia ...
Zhao Xiaohui - - 2006
Left ventricular catheterization is a key step for hemodynamic studies. At present, the right common carotid artery is a popular entrance, but right common carotid artery punctuation and ligation primarily leads to obstruction and second left ventricular catheterization in the same animal cannot be performed. In this note, we will ...
Greil Gerald F - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Precise visualization of the pulmonary vasculature is mandatory for adequate treatment of patients with pulmonary atresia and ventricular septal defect (PA-VSD). Aortopulmonary collateral arteries (APCs) can be visualized by selective injections of contrast agent in the catheterization laboratory. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate multidetector CT (MDCT) and different image postprocessing methods ...
Munro Hamish M - - 2006
A baby presented at term with respiratory distress was managed with extracorporeal membrane oxygenation. Bronchoscopy revealed tracheal hypoplasia, complete tracheal rings, and agenesis of the right main bronchus. Echocardiography showed a left pulmonary arterial sling arising from the proximal part of the right pulmonary artery. Cardiac catheterization demonstrated abnormal pulmonary ...
Patel Chirag - - 2006
Pulmonary artery catheterization is associated with numerous complications, including serious arrhythmias. We report a case where ventricular tachycardia occurred repeatedly during attempted pulmonary artery catheterization, precluding successful catheterization. Transesophageal echocardiography was used to image the tricuspid valve and right ventricle and revealed a Sinus of Valsalva aneurysm protruding significantly into ...
Martin Maria - - 2006
Coronary artery obstruction during cardiac catheterization is rare. It is a serious complication and has been reported to occur in 0.15 to 0.5% of cases. Thromboembolism, air embolism and coronary dissection have been described as the most common causes of intraprocedural coronary occlusion. Aortic valve masses can also cause coronary ...
Katoh Kenichi - - 2006
PURPOSE: For implantation of a catheter-port system for hepatic arterial infusion chemotherapy, catheterization via the femoral artery is occasionally difficult. The purpose of this study was to determine the usefulness of a J-type long sheath, which facilitates difficult trans-femoral catheterization. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We applied this technique to 15 patients ...
Yang Cheng-Hsu - - 2006
The transradial approach for left heart catheterization has become increasingly popular recently because of its clinical benefits. We examined the safety and feasibility of a transforearm approach for bilateral cardiac catheterizations, using the radial artery and a superficial forearm vein (the cephalic, basilic, or median antecubital vein). Between August 2002 ...
Serry Rod - - 2005
Ischemic stroke is a rare but serious complication of cardiac catheterization. We report a case in which systemic thrombolytic therapy was successfully utilized in treating a patient with a cerebellar stroke, leading to obtundation during elective cardiac catheterization. Underlying bilateral vertebrobasilar disease with thrombotic embolization to the basilar artery was ...
Rothman Abraham - - 2005
A variety of techniques have been utilized to close Fontan fenestrations. Among 20 patients who underwent a cardiac catheterization for fenestration closure, 3 patients had residual native atrial septum, forming an additional intermediate chamber on the pulmonary venous side of the fenestration. Three different methods were used to close these ...
King David R - - 2005
BACKGROUND: A higher rate of pulmonary embolism has been associated with pulmonary artery (PA) catheters; however, no mechanism has been described. Conventional tests of coagulation reveal no changes related to PA catheterization. The purpose of this study was to determine whether PA catheterization resulted in a hypercoagulable state detectable by ...
Farra H - - 2005
We describe the first report of an infant who was born with hypoplastic left heart syndrome and significant pulmonary stenosis. He was successfully palliated with multiple cardiac catheterization interventions while waiting for cardiac transplantation. This unusual constellation of heart defects is an entity that is rare and not well described ...
Krivokuca M - - 2005
Cerebral ischaemia caused by thromboembolism is a possible complication of diagnostic and interventional cardiac catheterization. In this case report we describe the diagnostic steps and successful treatment strategy in the management of a patient who suffered from cerebral ischaemia during cardiac catheterization. Initial CT scanning to exclude cerebral haemorrhage was ...
Aptecar Eduardo - - 2005
While the transradial approach is now a well-established alternative to the conventional femoral approach for cardiac catheterization, the ulnar artery is rarely used. The objective of this prospective study was to evaluate the feasibility and safety of transulnar catheterization for routine diagnostic and therapeutic coronary interventions. Among 210 consecutive patients ...
Trani Carlo - - 2005
Reversible vascular obstructive lesions, i.e. pseudostenoses, may pose significant threats to interventional cardiologists as they can be mistaken for obstructive lesions and prompt inappropriate revascularization procedures. We hereby report for the first time in the literature a case of external iliac artery pseudostenosis due to catheter straightening of significant underlying ...
Green Henry W HW - - 2005
A cat was evaluated for a 5-year history of progressive, episodic, exercise-induced cyanosis and panting. Diagnostic testing demonstrated tetralogy of Fallot with predominant right-to-left shunting and right-sided heart failure. Following diagnostic catheterization, the cat developed clinical signs consistent with systemic arterial thromboembolization and was euthanized. Necropsy findings included multiple thrombi ...
Wilkins Pamela A - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To compare cardiac output measured in the pulmonary artery and a carotid artery by use of thermal and electrical impedance dilution. Animals-7 fit, clinically normal Standardbreds between 2 and 5 years of age. PROCEDURE: Transient changes in electrical impedance and temperature of blood were induced by bolus injections of ...
Rigatelli Gianluca - - 2005
PURPOSE: Although the most widely used screening techniques for extracardiac atherosclerotic distributions are noninvasive, in patients undergoing coronary arteriography, the question as to whether angiography of extracardiac arteries at the time of cardiac catheterization is really effective or if it should be considered malpractice is still open. We sought to ...
Nakanishi T - - 2005
There are significant mortality and morbidity in bidirectional Glenn (stage II) and Fontan (stage III) procedures for congenital heart diseases with single ventricle physiology. In order to minimize the mortality and morbidity, the presence or absence of hemodynamic and anatomical abnormalities, such as poor ventricular function, coarctation of the aorta, ...
Barr Elizabeth D - - 2005
To describe focal destructive lesions of the proximal sesamoid bones (PSBs) as a complication of dorsal metatarsal artery catheterization performed for direct blood pressure monitoring during equine general anesthesia. Retrospective study. Three client-owned horses. A dorsal metatarsal artery was catheterized in each of 3 horses for direct blood pressure monitoring ...
Moyer Carey D - - 2005
A case series and technique of transradial cardiac catheterization with cardiac biospy are described. Transradial cardiac catheterization is perceived to be limited to arterial procedures. Using the veins of the forearm, we have converted many previous femoral arterial/venous cardiac procedures to a transradial/forearm approach. Retrospective review of patients undergoing transradial ...
Marasco Silvana - - 2005
This report describes two patients with cardiac tamponade secondary to bleeding from a coronary artery, which had been eroded by a foreign body. In one patient the foreign body had been ingested and in the other patient, the cause was iatrogenic. This report highlights varied and unusual causes of cardiac ...
Feng Lei - - 2005
All procedures and protocols were approved by the institutional animal care and use committee of Columbia University. To determine whether transfemoral catheterization of the carotid arteries can be performed entirely with real-time magnetic resonance (MR) imaging guidance, the authors catheterized the carotid arteries in six domestic pigs by using active-tracking ...
Buecker Arno - - 2004
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: Metallic guide wires can be subject to substantial heating when used in the magnetic resonance (MR) environment. Therefore, animal experiments were performed to test the feasibility of a non-metallic and MR-safe guide wire with passive markers for catheterization of coronary arteries under MR guidance. MATERIALS AND METHODS: ...
Kiyosue Hiro - - 2004
The authors have developed a novel "turn-back" technique with use of a shaped microcatheter for superselective catheterization of arteries originating at acute angles. Herein this technique is described in clinical use for superselective catheterization of several arteries including the middle hepatic artery, right gastric artery, right inferior phrenic artery, and ...
Breukers R B G E - - 2004
In two adult patients, one with a severe hemorrhage and one with a partial anomalous pulmonary vein, cardiac output (CO) measurements were performed simultaneously by means of the bolus transpulmonary thermodilution technique (COao) and continuous pulmonary artery thermodilution method (CCOpa). In both cases, the methods revealed clinically significant different cardiac ...
Chatziioannou A - - 2004
We retrospectively evaluated low brachial artery puncture for arteriography and its complications as an alternative approach route for bilateral lower extremity run-off. Using the Seldinger technique and catheterization with a sheathless 4-F multiple side-hole pigtail catheter, we performed 2250 low brachial artery punctures in outpatients. The right brachial artery (RBA) ...
Malas O - - 2003
A simple and quick way of discrimination between cardiac and pulmonary causes of dyspnea is essential in patients admitted to the emergency department. We aimed to assess the utility of easily applicable diagnostic tools in the differential diagnosis of cardiac and pulmonary causes of dyspnea in patients presenting with shortness ...
Schalla Simon - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Radiation exposure during cardiac catheterization, limited image planes, and poor soft tissue definition are disadvantages of x-ray fluoroscopy that could be overcome with the use of MRI. This study evaluates the feasibility of real-time MRI (MR fluoroscopy) to guide left and right heart catheterization. METHODS AND RESULTS: Anesthetized pigs ...
Kotake Yoshifumi - - 2003
BACKGROUND: In the partial CO(2) rebreathing method, monitored changes in CO(2) elimination and end-tidal CO(2) in response to a brief rebreathing period are used to estimate cardiac output. However, dynamic changes in CO(2) production during ischemia and reperfusion may affect the accuracy of these estimates. This study was designed to ...
Omary Reed A - - 2003
BACKGROUND: We tested the hypothesis that real-time magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) can guide coronary artery catheterization in swine via a percutaneous femoral artery approach. METHODS AND RESULTS: In 12 pigs, we accessed femoral arteries percutaneously. We used 6- or 7-French coronary Judkins catheters filled with dilute 4% gadolinium (Gd) contrast ...
Corley Kevin T T - - 2003
Critical illness, anesthesia, primary cardiovascular disease, and exercise may result in marked hemodynamic alterations. Measuring cardiac output (CO) is central to defining these alterations for both clinician and researcher. In the past 10 years, several new methods of measuring CO have been developed for the human medical market. Some of ...
Perings Stefan Martin - - 2003
BACKGROUND: A potentially harmful complication of cardiac catheterization is the arteriovenous fistula. Precise knowledge of possible factors predisposing for acquisition of iatrogenic AV-fistulae could enable cardiologists to perform a risk stratification for cardiac patients prior to catheterization. METHODS: Over a period of 2 years, 10,271 consecutive patients who underwent cardiac ...
MacDonald Lee A - - 2003
Whether arterial closure devices can be used safely in a coagulopathic population undergoing cardiac catheterization and at high risk for groin complications, such as liver transplant candidates, is unknown. In this prospective, non-randomized consecutive series of 80 liver transplant candidates undergoing coronary angiography, manual compression and arterial closure devices were ...
Serfaty Jean-Michel - - 2003
The aim of this work was to demonstrate the feasibility of MRI-guided coronary artery catheterization and intervention in a dog model. Experiments were performed on 10 healthy dogs. A 9F introducer sheath was placed through a right carotid artery cutdown. A prototype 0.014-inch coronary MRI guidewire, a prototype 7 French ...
Hallock Geoffrey G - - 2003
The ultimate success of any free flap transfer depends not only on the experience of the given surgical team, but also requires constant vigilance in the perioperative period to assure continued anastomotic patency. Clinical acumen remains the 'industry' standard, but adjunctive monitoring devices are important to reinforce these subjective evaluations. ...
Parmley C Lee - - 2002
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: In an effort to provide high-quality intensive care without increasing morbidity and possibly decreasing mortality, noninvasive means of monitoring hemodynamics have been developed. Recently, commercially available monitoring techniques have been afforded the intensivist for just this purpose. This review will discuss the various means available, their limitations ...
Lefkovitz Zvi - - 2002
Major breakthroughs in catheter, guidewire, and other angiographic equipment currently allow interventional radiologists to diagnose massive life-threatening upper and lower GI hemorrhage and to stop the bleeding safely and effectively using superselective catheterization and microcoil embolization. Similarly, the interventional radiologist can treat acute intestinal ischemia safely and effectively with selective ...
Frank Deborah U - - 2002
Branch pulmonary stenosis may develop after repair of congenital heart disease. Echocardiography, used for the serial evaluation of these patients, yields Doppler gradients that are used in decisions regarding the need for intervention for branch pulmonary stenosis. The purpose of this study was to assess the value of Doppler echocardiography ...
Wilson Jeffrey S - - 2002
Percutaneous arterial closure devices allow earlier mobilization and discharge of patients after arterial catheterization than with manual compression for puncture site hemostasis. We reviewed our recent experience managing the complications of femoral artery catheterization with and without these devices on the vascular surgery service at a tertiary hospital. Thirty-one patients ...
Kim Albert - - 2002
Percutaneous suture closure for femoral artery hemostasis has gained broad use over the last few years since its introduction. The appeal of suture closure is the immediate and definitive hemostasis that it achieves, even in anticoagulated patients. Described is the use of the Perclose Techstar XL 6Fr suture closure device ...
Arjomand Heidar - - 2002
Since the advent of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), intravenous unfractionated heparin has been the primary antithrombotic therapy to prevent periprocedural ischemic complications. As compared with unfractionated heparin, low molecular weight heparins (LMWHs) have a greater bioavailability and a more predictable therapeutic response. In several recent studies of patients undergoing PCI, ...
Bulbul Ziad R - - 2002
We sought to determine if a higher dose of heparin would reduce arterial complications in patients weighing 10 kg or less undergoing cardiac catheterization to investigate congenital heart disease. Sixty patients were given either 100 (group A) or 150 (group B) IU x kg(-1) of heparin in a double-blinded randomized ...
Esente Paolo - - 2002
Anatomical variations in the peripheral vasculature can result in decreased procedural success rates for cardiac catheterization performed through the radial artery approach. We describe four categories of vascular challenges encountered in our catheterization laboratory: severe spasm, severe tortuosity, vascular stenosis, and congenital anatomical variations (e.g., accessory radial artery, radioulnar loop). ...
Friedman Z - - 2002
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: The arterial thermodilution technique offers the ability to measure cardiac output using only central venous and arterial catheters. However, the technique has been reported to overestimate cardiac output because of a higher loss of cold indicator due to the increased distance between the sites of injection and ...
Giannakopoulou Christina - - 2002
Umbilical artery catheters are an essential aid in the treatment of newborn infants who have cardiopulmonary disease. However, it is well-known that umbilical artery catheterization is associated with complications. The most frequent visible problem in an umbilical line is blanching or cyanosis of part or all of a distal extremity ...
Liau Chiau-Suong - - 2002
PURPOSE: To propose a simple guidewire technique to resolve the problem of difficulty in advancing catheters or guidewires during vascular and cardiac catheterization. METHODS: A 0.035-inch J-tip guidewire was reshaped manually at the distal 7- to 8-cm portion, including the flexible part and 2-3 cm of the stiff part, into ...
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