Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 1053
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Gajic Ognjen - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Pulmonary edema is an under-recognized and potentially serious complication of blood transfusion. Distinct mechanisms include adverse immune reactions and circulatory overload. The former is associated with increased pulmonary vascular permeability and is commonly referred to as transfusion-related acute lung injury (TRALI). The latter causes hydrostatic pulmonary edema and is ...
Routsi Christina - - 2006
An unusual case of fibrosing mediastinitis with obstruction of the inferior and superior left pulmonary veins and severe narrowing of the right pulmonary artery, disclosed after unilateral pulmonary edema, is described. The 18-year-old male patient had a long history of cough, progressive dyspnea and recurrent hemoptysis and the possible diagnosis ...
Hersi Ahmad - - 2006
The present report describes an unusual case of pulmonary edema after adenosine cardioversion of a supraventricular tachycardia. Despite a structurally normal heart, a 52-year-old woman presented with pulmonary edema on two separate occasions, having had her atrioventricular nodal re-entrant tachycardia terminated with 12 mg of intravenous adenosine. A third similar ...
Taype C A - - 2006
Polymorphism in SLC11A1 has been implicated in host susceptibility to tuberculosis. We have studied associations between INT4, D543N, and 3'UTR polymorphisms of SLC11A1 and different clinical forms of TB. Analysis used 507 patients with pulmonary TB, 123 with extra pulmonary TB and 513 controls. INT4 and D543N showed allelic association ...
Taylor Walter R J - - 2006
Lung involvement in malaria has been recognized for more than 200 hundred years, yet our knowledge of its pathogenesis and management is limited. Pulmonary edema is the most severe form of lung involvement. Increased alveolar capillary permeability leading to intravascular fluid loss into the lungs is the main pathophysiologic mechanism. ...
Schambra Heidi M - - 2006
Reversible posterior leukoencephalopathy syndrome (RPLS) is characterized radiographically by magnetic resonance imaging as white matter hyperintensities, which reflect cerebral edema. These changes are typically restricted to the parietal and occipital lobes, and are usually quite symmetric. We report a case of asymmetric RPLS involving only one frontal lobe in a ...
Bjelakovic Bojko - - 2006
This is a case story of an 8-year-old boy with no prior history of cardiac disease who developed acute pulmonary edema with ECG changes similar to transmural myocardial infarction after basilar skull fracture. Biochemical evaluation showed elevated total creatine kinase activity -1,350 U/L with 12% MB isoenzyme fraction. The brain ...
Atluri Pavan - - 2006
Noncardiogenic pulmonary edema can be fatal without adequate resuscitation. We report, for the first time, the use of prone positioning in the immediate post-cardiac surgical period to treat a patient with profound hypoxemia secondary to massive (noncardiogenic) pulmonary edema. Prone positioning corrects ventilation-perfusion mismatch and allows gravity-dependent drainage of capillary ...
Badri Talel - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Erysipelas is an acute infection occurring chiefly in the lower limbs, rarely in the upper limbs. OBSERVATION: A 45-year-old patient suffering from Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease with neuropathy of the limbs, presented with fever and a 24-hour history of a well-circumscribed inflammatory and infiltrated plaque of the left arm. Erysipelas was ...
Manfrini Olivia - - 2006
Takayasu's arteritis primarily affects young women. The current case report focuses on a Caucasian middle-aged woman who complained of weakness, malaise, and fatigue for as many as 19 years. Delayed diagnosis and lack of specific treatment could explain the extent and the clinical severity of the disease at time of ...
Grange Dorothy K - - 2005
Menkes disease is an X-linked recessive disorder of copper transport characterized by neurological deterioration, connective tissue, and vascular defects, abnormal hair, and death in early childhood. We report on a patient with Menkes disease in whom severe diffuse emphysema caused respiratory failure and death at 14 months of age. He ...
Bertram Chris D - - 2005
Presents an overview of leading areas of discovery in bio-fluid mechanics related to the pulmonary system, with particular reference to the airways. Areas briefly reviewed include airway gas dynamics, impedance studies, collapsible-tube studies, and airway liquid studies. Emphasis is placed on promising further directions, such as analysis of interacting fluid-mechanical ...
Yim Jae-Joon - - 2005
Mycobacterium kansasii is one of the most common cause of pulmonary diseases due to nontuberculous mycobacteria. We investigated the changing in the number of isolation of M. kansasii and the clinical characteristics of M. kansasii pulmonary disease in Korea. Through searching the database of the Korean Institute of Tuberculosis, we ...
Khubnani Harish - - 2005
Extra pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) comprises 15% of the total tuberculosis cases. Bleach concentration method for demonstration of Acid fast bacilli (AFB) has been recently described for sputum. The aim of this study is to apply this method for demonstration of AFB in material obtained from extra-pulmonary sites and to correlate ...
Koh Tat Tee - - 2005
Myeloid leukemias are clonal malignancies characterized by the presence of increased numbers of immature myeloid cells in the marrow and peripheral blood. Pulmonary involvement by myeloid leukemia is relatively uncommon and seen mainly in patients with severe disease. The most common form of pulmonary involvement consists of leukemic infiltration along ...
Cote C G - - 2005
The BODE index, which integrates body mass index, airflow limitation (forced expiratory volume in one second), dyspnoea and 6-min walk distance, predicts mortality in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) improves some components of BODE. It was hypothesised that changes in BODE may reflect the effects of PR. ...
D'Aloia Antonio - - 2005
We describe a case of unilateral pulmonary edema occurring in a young woman affected by hypertrophic cardiomyopathy complicated by acute worsening of mitral regurgitation. The relevant role of biochemical markers of heart failure, such as brain natriuretic peptide and carbohydrate antigen 125, in clarifying the final diagnosis of cardiogenic pulmonary ...
Hong Sung Jin - - 2005
Because of the increased intra-abdominal pressure and the physiologic changes in the obese patient, laparoscopic bariatric surgery can aggravate perioperative pulmonary complications. A 23-year-old female with morbid obesity experienced pulmonary edema after laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding surgery. One lung was unintentionally ventilated for approximately 5 minutes during the operation. At ...
Chong Elise A - - 2005
We describe a patient with extranodal (pulmonary) marginal zone B-cell lymphoma of mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) who was refractory to treatment with cytotoxic chemotherapy. After a single four-week course of rituximab she had significant regression of pulmonary lesions and remains progression free 19 months after finishing her treatment. This case ...
McKnight Christy A - - 2005
A stranded 5-month-old female Pacific harbor seal (Phoca vitulina richardsi) was presented displaying tachypnea and diminished lung sounds. No neurological abnormalities were noted. The animal was treated for verminous pneumonia, but died 2 wk later. Gross necropsy examination revealed a severe obstructive verminous pneumonia associated with large numbers of Otostrongylus ...
Hassan Walid - - 2005
Unilateral pulmonary edema is a distinctly unusual clinical entity that presents interesting and confusing diagnostic challenges. It is usually described as occurring with re-expansion of a collapsed lung after rapid thoracocentesis of pleural air or pleural fluid. Unilateral pulmonary edema as an initial presenting manifestation for heart failure is uncommon ...
Mentzelopoulos Spyros D - - 2005
Coxsackie virus pericarditis caused cardiac tamponade in a 45-day-old infant with corrected total anomalous pulmonary venous drainage and a hypodynamic left heart. The pathophysiology comprised reduced heart compliance, venous return impairment, acute pulmonary hypertension, and increased airway microvascular permeability. Tracheal edema and external compression caused tracheal lumen narrowing and respiratory ...
Lin Jui-An - - 2005
Airway obstruction is always a life-threatening event, and it must be recognized and managed immediately. We report an instance of acute airway obstruction associated with hemoptysis in an elderly patient with inactive advanced pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) while undergoing spine surgery. Airway obstruction was highly suspected in consequence of postural change ...
Son Ji-Seon - - 2005
Topical phenylephrine, an agent used to facilitate nasotracheal intubation and prevent nasal mucosal bleeding, can cause severe hypertension in some patients, secondary to its stimulation of alpha-adrenergic receptors. Moreover, a high incidence of pulmonary edema is found in patients whose phenylephrine administration is followed by treatment with beta-blocking agents. We ...
Maniwa Ko - - 2005
We report a case of acute pulmonary edema appearing soon after relief of an acute upper airway obstruction. The patient choked on some pieces of beef during dinner and fainted. He was quickly aided by paramedics and taken to our emergency room with persistent dyspnea and wheezing. His chest radiograph ...
Castañer Eva - - 2005
Central bronchi and pulmonary arteries are surrounded and enveloped by a strong connective-tissue sheath termed the peribronchovascular interstitium, extending from the level of the pulmonary hila into the peripheral lung. Thickening of the peribronchovascular interstitium can be seen in a wide variety of diseases. The CT appearance can be smooth, ...
Takashima Mototsugu - - 2005
We describe a patient who had a metastatic gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST) after previous failed extensive therapy, including multiple surgeries and hepatic artery embolization. Within a few months of starting administration of imatinib mesylate, the patient exhibited a clinical response with grade 3 neutropenia, when pulmonary tuberculosis developed. A c-kit ...
Nguyen V A - - 2005
Pulmonary capillaritis and alveolar hemorrhage are rare yet serious and life threatening complications of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Pulmonary manifestations of antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) are similar and include, apart from pulmonary embolism and pulmonary hypertension, pulmonary capillaritis, diffuse alveolar hemorrhage and respiratory insufficiency in patients with catastrophic APS. Herein, we ...
Gon?alves Victor - - 2005
The neurogenic pulmonary edema is a rare clinical situation caused by an imbalance characterized by an excessive sympathetic outflow. It is observed mostly in young patients, is associated with brain or spinal cord haemorrhage, trauma, tumours or infections and is usually fatal. A case of neurogenic pulmonary edema in a ...
Miragliotta Giuseppe - - 2005
BDProbeTec ET (Becton Dickinson, Sparks, Md, USA) is a fully automated walkaway system based on strand displacement amplification (SDA) technology that provides a method for the direct detection of Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex (MTBC) target sequence. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the ability of BDProbeTec ET system to ...
Ulger A Füsun - - 2005
The pathophysiology of upper-airway obstruction (UAO) is complex. Possible causes of UAO that may lead to acute respiratory failure, are as follows: infections like acute epiglottitis and croup, obstructing tumors in the base of the tongue, larynx or hypopharynx, aspirated food or liquid contents, obesity and anatomical variations. Management changes ...
Johnsen N L - - 2005
SETTING: Municipalities of Baerum and Oslo, Norway. OBJECTIVES: To examine the effectiveness of tuberculosis (TB) screening in asylum seekers 1987-1995, and to describe TB incidence rates after arrival. DESIGN: Register-based, retrospective cohort study of 19912 asylum seekers with a mean follow-up of 6.3 years. RESULTS: Seventy-six persons were diagnosed with ...
Schmiedl Andreas - - 2005
The periarterial space has recently been described and its physiological and pathophysiological role during inflammatory and allergic reactions has been reviewed. The present studies used a light-/electron-microscopic approach to characterize the periarterial space in an asthma model in Brown Norway rats. After repeated sensitization with ovalbumin and heat-killed Bordetella pertussis ...
Huttner Hagen B - - 2005
We report a patient with severe ethylene glycol poisoning initially mimicking acute basilar artery occlusion and elucidate the importance of immediate diagnosis and treatment: a previously healthy 59-year-old truck driver presenting with hallmarks of basilar artery syndrome after having consumed an unknown substance. Immediate application of intravenous ethanol and hemodialysis ...
Vereda A - - 2005
A case of acute onset non-cardiogenic pulmonary edema induced by hydrochlorothiazide (HCT) is presented. Rapid recovery was obtained with supportive therapy. Leukopenia was evident during the acute phase, with rapid recovery parallel to the clinical improvement, suggesting pulmonary sequestration of granulocytes. Immunological studies including lymphocyte stimulation test with HCT and ...
Plantier Laurent - - 2005
Pulmonary emphysema results from an excessive degradation of lung parenchyma associated with a failure of alveolar repair. Secretion by pulmonary fibroblasts of hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) and keratinocyte growth factor (KGF) is crucial to an effective epithelial repair after lung injury. We hypothesized that abnormal HGF or KGF secretion by ...
Sukoh Noriaki - - 2004
Pulmonary edema, both cardiogenic and noncardiogenic, has been reported as a manifestation of pheochromocytoma. We report a patient with pheochromocytoma complicated by acute pulmonary edema that appeared clinically noncardiogenic. The patient had an uncomplicated course and rapid resolution of pulmonary edema. Bronchoalveolar lavage fluids (BALF) showed a marked accumulation of ...
Iikuni Noriko - - 2004
In the past two decades, low-dose methotrexate (MTX) has been widely used in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). As adverse effects, various types of pulmonary toxicity have been reported with this therapy. We report a case of MTX-induced noncardiogenic pulmonary edema in a 35-year-old woman. MTX used in high ...
Chung Chih-Ming - - 2004
Pulmonary edema is a potentially life-threatening complication of acute airway obstruction that develops rapidly without warning in persons who are otherwise well. Respiratory abnormalities have been reported in patients with Parkinson's disease, especially obstructive airway. To our knowledge, pulmonary edema secondary to airway obstruction in patients with Parkinson's disease has ...
Everts Richard J - - 2004
A 57-year-old man who had been intermittently taking one 300-mg tablet of quinine sulfate orally for leg cramps experienced transient acute pulmonary edema and hypotension 30-40 minutes after ingestion on two consecutive occasions. He was not taking any concomitant drugs, and there was no alternative explanation for either event. Serial ...
Yamamoto Kazumi - - 2004
A 29-year-old woman was admitted to our hospital with a 7-day history of elevated temperature to 39.5 degrees C associated with headache and nausea. She had been diagnosed with tuberous sclerosis complex 10 years earlier. Her unconsciousness progressed, and she was diagnosed as having aseptic meningoencephalitis. The next day, she ...
Adir Yochai - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Acute pulmonary edema has been noted in swimmers and divers, and has been termed swimming-induced pulmonary edema (SIPE). The mechanisms and consequences of SIPE are unknown, and there are currently no series of carefully evaluated patients with this condition. Herein we report the clinical presentation, incidence of recurrence, findings ...
Gershan William M - - 2004
Relatively little is known about interest in pediatric pulmonology among pediatric residents. The purpose of this study, therefore, was to determine at this institution: 1) the level of pediatric resident interest in pursuing a pulmonary fellowship, 2) potential factors involved in development of such interest, 3) whether the presence of ...
Sue Richard D - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: The primary objective was to test the hypothesis that clinical re-expansion pulmonary edema is predominantly due to increased permeability of the alveolar-capillary barrier. A secondary objective was to determine if the alveolar epithelium was functionally intact in patients with re-expansion pulmonary edema by measuring net alveolar epithelial fluid transport ...
Murat A - - 2004
Re-expansion pulmonary edema (REPE) is an uncommon complication following re-expansion of the lung as treatment of conditions such as hemopneumothorax, large pleural effusion, and after lobectomy, pneumothorax, or even during single-lung ventilation. The majority of REPE complications are associated with treatment of spontaneous pneumothorax. The etiology of REPE remains speculative, ...
Gulevskaja T S - - 2004
The aim of study was histological examination of brain vessels in the rats exposed to repeated tail-suspension (TS). The rats were subjected to 30-day TS, then readapted to horizontal position for 30 days and again exposed to 14-day TS simultaneously with the rats which were underwent to 14-day TS for ...
Katzenelson Rita - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: Pulmonary edema is a severe and often life-threatening condition. The diagnosis of pulmonary edema and its quantification have great clinical significance and yet can be difficult. A new technique based on thermodilution measurement using a single indicator has recently been developed (PiCCO, Pulsion Medical Systems, AG Germany). This method ...
Nitzan Orna - - 2004
The authors present a case of an 85-year-old woman known to suffer from severe congestive heart failure who presented with dyspnea and a unilateral infiltrate in the right lung on chest x-ray. Following clinical judgment, she was diagnosed with unilateral pulmonary edema and was treated accordingly, with rapid improvement of ...
De Villiers Richard V P - - 2004
Tuberculosis (TB) remains the most common notifiable infectious disease in South Africa. The diagnosis of pulmonary TB in children is often very difficult because of the non-specific radiological signs and inter-observer variation in the interpretation of radiographs. The frontal high-kilovolt (kV) radiograph has been used to assess the effect of ...
Yuki Atsuko - - 2004
We report a 29-year-old man with a rare left lumbar subcutaneous cold abscess complicated by tuberculous spondylitis during the treatment of pulmonary tuberculosis. Pulmonary tuberculosis was rapidly improved by anti-tuberculous drugs, however curative operation for tuberculous spondylitis was necessary after 18 months because tuberculous spondylitis was overlooked. Imaging techniques are ...
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