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Results 401 - 450 of 1197
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Tomycz Luke - - 2011
Based on numerous reports citing high sensitivity and specificity of non-invasive imaging [e.g. computed tomography angiography (CTA) or magnetic resonance angiography (MRA)] in the detection of intracranial aneurysms, it has become increasingly difficult to justify the role of conventional angiography [digital subtraction angiography (DSA)] for diagnostic purposes. The current literature, ...
Payner Troy D - - 2011
To better understand the longitudinal trend in the proportion of techniques employed for cerebral aneurysm treatment, we reviewed our experience with 2253 patients over the last 11 years. We reviewed data in our prospective aneurysm database for all consecutive patients treated from January 1998 through December 2009. Data regarding age, ...
Mitsuhara Takafumi - - 2011
Fenestration of intracranial arteries is a rare anomaly, and is frequently associated with cerebral aneurysms. In this paper, we report rare kissing aneurysms associated with A1 fenestration. A 71-year-old woman presented with subarachnoid hemorrhage. Diagnostic digital subtraction angiography revealed two saccular aneurysms at the proximal junction of a fenestration and ...
Rhode Stephan - - 2011
In recent years, intra arterial chemotherapy has become an important component in head and neck cancer treatment. However, therapy success can vary significantly and consistent treatment guidelines are missing. The purpose of this study was to create a computer simulation of the chemical agent injection in the head and neck ...
Haruyama Akiko - - 2011
A 65-year-old woman who had previously undergone aortic root replacement with a bioprosthetic valve (Bentall operation) in treatment of annuloaortic ectasia became feverish after developing dental caries and was admitted to our hospital. Transesophageal echocardiography showed an 18 × 4-mm vegetation on her prosthetic valve. Campylobacter fetus was isolated on ...
Chung Kuei-Pin - - 2011
The present study aimed to investigate the trends in changes in pulmonary function and the risk factors for pulmonary function deterioration in patients with pulmonary tuberculosis after completing treatment. Patients usually have pulmonary function abnormalities after completing treatment for pulmonary tuberculosis. The time course for changes in pulmonary function and ...
Samaniego Edgar A - - 2011
Recanalization of acute large artery occlusions is a strong predictor of good outcome. The development of thrombectomy devices resulted in a significant improvement in recanalization rates compared to thrombolytics alone. However, clinical trials and registries with these thrombectomy devices in acute ischemic stroke (AIS) have shown recanalization rates in the ...
Seibert Brad - - 2011
Intracranial aneurysms are present in roughly 5% of the population, yet most are often asymptomatic and never detected. Development of an aneurysm typically occurs during adulthood, while formation and growth are associated with risk factors such as age, hypertension, pre-existing familial conditions, and smoking. Subarachnoid hemorrhage, the most common presentation ...
Erdi Mehmet Fatih MF M.H. Afsin State Hospital, Department of Neurosurgery, Afsin/ Kahramanmaras, Turkey. - - 2011
The aim of this study is to determine the effects of a strong dithiol antioxidant, alpha lipoic acid (ALA) on cerebral vasospasm following subarachnoid hemorrhage in a rabbit model. Twenty-one New Zealand white rabbits were assigned to one of three groups: group 1 (control), group 2 (SAH only), group 3 ...
Taqi Muhammad A MA Department of Neurology, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee/Froedtert Hospital and Children Hospital of Wisconsin Wisconsin, MI, - - 2011
The dissecting posterior cerebral artery (PCA) aneurysms are very rare. These aneurysms pose significant treatment challenge and need careful evaluation to formulate an optimal treatment plan in case of ruptured or un-ruptured presentations. Retrospective review of a prospectively collected data. Seven patients with dissecting aneurysms of the PCA were identified. ...
Tasic Goran G Clinical Centre of Serbia, Institute for Neurosurgery, Belgrade,Serbia, - - 2011
AVM because of outstanding tendency toward bleeding, even though 20 times more rare then aneurysm on the blood vessels of the brain and her own specific anatomical structure even today represents big neurosurgical challenge. Series which is shown here consists of 39 patients which were hospitalized in the institute for ...
Ranchod Tushar M TM From the Associated Retinal Consultants, Royal Oak, - - 2011
To report a case of retinal neovascularization after surgical ligation of the internal carotid artery for treatment of direct carotid-cavernous fistula. Case report. A 44-year-old Asian woman presented with unilateral retinal neovascularization and vitreous hemorrhage. Surgical ligation of the ipsilateral internal carotid artery had been performed 14 years earlier as ...
Kunjukunju Nancy N From the Retina and Vitreous Center of Southern Oregon, Ashland, - - 2011
Primary pulmonary arterial hypertension is a rare systemic condition that may present with distinct ocular findings. To report a patient whose ophthalmic manifestations led to a diagnosis of pulmonary arterial hypertension. A 58-year-old woman presented with bilateral serous detachments, angle closure, dilated episcleral blood vessels, subretinal drusenoid-like deposits, and intraretinal ...
Choulakian Armen - - 2010
Objective Cavernous carotid aneurysms (CCAs) can present with visual symptoms or with subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). As surgical treatment of these aneurysms can be technically challenging, endovascular management has emerged as the preferred treatment modality. Methods A retrospective review was conducted of 113 patients who underwent endosaccular treatment for CCAs. Presenting ...
Yazdani Saami K - - 2010
First generation drug-eluting stents (DES) have significantly improved the treatment options for patients with symptomatic coronary artery disease by decreasing rates of restenosis after percutaneous coronary revascularisation procedures. However, early enthusiasm was tempered by reports of late stent thrombosis, primarily in "off-label" use. In particular, the treatment of atherosclerotic plaques ...
Oda Takeshi - - 2010
A 6-year-old boy had cold-like symptoms and was diagnosed with influenza A at a clinic. Administration of oseltamivir and azithromycin did not improve the symptoms. He was referred to our hospital and was diagnosed with H1N1 pneumonia. The patient required ventilator support. However, hypoxia and hypercapnia were uncontrollable. To oxygenate ...
Steven Daniel - - 2012
Pulmonary veins (PVs) usually drain into the left atrium (LA) and are frequently targeted for electrical isolation, since it became evident that PVs may trigger and maintain paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (AF). We present a patient with right-sided PVs anomalously connecting to the right atrium with lack of electrical PV-atrial connection. ...
Pelta Anna - - 2011
We report the prevalence of flash pulmonary edema in patients consecutively referred for balloon angioplasty of uni- or bilateral renal artery stenosis (PTRA), and describe the characteristics of this special fraction of the patients. We further report two unusual cases. Review of medical records from 60 patients consecutively referred for ...
Xiang Lusha L Department of Physiology and Biophysics, University of Mississippi Medical Center, Jackson, Mississippi 39216-4505, USA. - - 2010
Obese subjects with orthopedic trauma exhibit increased inflammation and an increased risk of pulmonary edema. Prostaglandin E(2) (PGE(2) ) production is elevated during inflammation and associated with increased vascular permeability. We hypothesize that pulmonary edema in obesity following orthopedic trauma is due to elevated PGE(2) and resultant increases in pulmonary ...
Chen I-Chen - - 2010
Postobstructive pulmonary edema is life-threatening, and results from a sudden episode of upper airway obstruction. Croup is generally thought to be a benign condition, but occasionally it can develop into postobstructive pulmonary edema. We present a case of a 5-year-old boy with recurrent croup, who was diagnosed with postobstructive pulmonary ...
Attias David - - 2010
Cardiogenic unilateral pulmonary edema (UPE) is a rare entity, frequently leading to initial misdiagnosis. We sought to assess the prevalence of UPE and to determine its impact on prognosis compared with bilateral pulmonary edema. We studied the characteristics and outcomes of patients admitted to our institution for cardiogenic pulmonary edema ...
Ogilvy Christopher S - - 2011
Background Stent assistance for treatment of wide-based aneurysms is becoming rapidly accepted. Methods Cases of aneurysms arising in the paraclinoid location of the internal carotid artery treated with intracranial stents and/or bare platinum coils were analyzed retrospectively from our prospectively collected database. We identified 70 aneurysms treated with stent assistance ...
Hauck Erik F - - 2011
We report a case of aneurysm progression after waffle-cone treatment. A patient in their seventies presented with headaches. Four years earlier, this individual had undergone waffle-cone treatment of a giant ruptured left ophthalmic aneurysm. Angiography demonstrated aneurysm growth. A second stent was deployed through the initially placed stent to recreate ...
Ramanathan Dinesh - - 2010
Giant basilar tip aneurysms are a challenge to treat because of the complex anatomy and critical vessels that arise in this region. For large aneurysms, with multiple recurrences after coiling, when microsurgical clipping is not possible, a bypass to the posterior cerebral artery (PCA) can be helpful in providing definitive ...
Hong Jeong-Yeon - - 2010
A 63 year-old man developed sudden pulmonary edema after uneventful robot-assisted laparoscopic radical prostatectomy (RALP) for prostate cancer despite normal preoperative laboratory findings and appropriate anesthetic management. The pulmonary edema was attributed to prolonged (4 hrs) pneumoperitoneum with concomitant high intraabdominal pressure (15-20 mmHg).
Filho Luiz Vicente Ferreira da Silva - - 2010
Pulmonary interstitial emphysema is a common complication of mechanical ventilation in preterm babies. We report a case of severe unilateral pulmonary interstitial emphysema in a premature newborn, treated with high-frequency oscillatory ventilation, lateral decubitus positioning and selective intubation. After complete radiological resolution of the pulmonary emphysema in the left lung, ...
Caridi Grazia - - 2010
We report the case of a 74-year-old woman with pulmonary edema induced by hydrochlorothiazide. We missed the diagnosis in the first episode, and it was only upon unintentional hydrochlorothiazide rechallenge that we correctly identified the cause of the pulmonary edema.
Alwi Idrus - - 2010
Acute cardiogenic pulmonary edema (ACPE) is a common cardiogenic emergency with a quite high in-hospital mortality rate. ACPE is defined as pulmonary edema with increased secondary hydrostatic capillary pressure due to elevated pulmonary venous pressure. Increased hydrostatic pressure may result from various causes including excessive administration of intravascular volume, obstruction ...
Zomorodi Ali - - 2010
Giant fusiform aneurysms of the middle cerebral artery (MCA) bifurcation pose significant treatment challenges. A giant fusiform aneurysm of the left MCA in a pediatric patient, which persisted despite Hunterian ligation of the M1 and double barrel superficial temporal artery (STA) to M2 bypasses, is reported. The aneurysm was trapped ...
Nogueira Raul G - - 2010
Objective To describe the effective treatment of a ruptured lateral sacral artery aneurysm presenting as a spinal epidural hematoma. Design Case report and literature review. Setting University teaching hospital, neurovascular center. Participant A man with a history of renal allograft who presented with sudden onset low back pain. Intervention The ...
Cooke Daniel - - 2010
Object Endovascular treatment of cerebral vasospasm consists primarily of transluminal balloon angioplasty (TBA) and intra-arterial (IA) vasodilator administration, the former restricted to use within the distal internal carotid and proximal intracerebral arteries. Our objective was to characterize clinical and angiographic features of those patients undergoing TBA and IA vasodilator treatments, ...
Mariniello Giuseppe - - 2010
We report an exceptional case of symmetrical mirror aneurysms at the origin of the posterior inferior cerebellar arteries treated by endovascular occlusion. Questions related to a correct diagnosis and treatment at this localization are discussed.
Maggiorini Marco - - 2010
We distinguish two forms of high altitude illness, a cerebral form called acute mountain sickness and a pulmonary form called high-altitude pulmonary edema (HAPE). Individual susceptibility is the most important determinant for the occurrence of HAPE. The hallmark of HAPE is an excessively elevated pulmonary artery pressure (mean pressure 36-51 ...
Scherrer Urs - - 2010
High-altitude pulmonary edema is a life-threatening condition occurring in predisposed but otherwise healthy individuals. It therefore permits the study of underlying mechanisms of pulmonary edema in the absence of confounding factors such as coexisting cardiovascular or pulmonary disease, and/or drug therapy. There is evidence that some degree of asymptomatic alveolar ...
Udeshi Ashish - - 2010
Postobstructive pulmonary edema (POPE; also known as negative pressure pulmonary edema) is a potentially life-threatening complication in which pulmonary edema occurs shortly after the relief of an upper airway obstruction. The incidence of POPE has been reported to be as high as 1 in 1000 general anesthetic cases and commonly ...
Tung Yung-Wei - - 2010
A right-side spontaneous pneumohemothorax developed in a 16-year-old boy who was transferred from a local medical department to our emergency department 12 hours later. After an emergency operation to remove the blood clot, right-side reexpansion pulmonary edema developed, with about 3100 mL of foamy and bloody fluid drainage from the ...
Tulamo Riikka - - 2010
Rupture of a saccular intracranial artery aneurysm (IA) causes subarachnoid hemorrhage, a significant cause of stroke and death. The current treatment options, endovascular coiling and clipping, are invasive and somewhat risky. Since only some IAs rupture, those IAs at risk for rupture should be identified. However, to improve the imaging ...
Moon Suk J - - 2010
To assess the potential visual benefit of intravitreal bevacizumab in a patient with macular edema from idiopathic retinal vasculitis, aneurysms, and neuroretinitis, an intravitreal injection of bevacizumab (1.25 mg) was given. Within 1 week, visual acuity improved from 20/60 to 20/30 and optical coherence tomography demonstrated resolution of macular edema. ...
Komatsu Teruya - - 2010
A case of a 61-year-old man who developed ipsilateral re-expansion pulmonary edema after pleural drainage for a right pneumothorax is described. The patient's chest x-ray revealed a totally collapsed right lung. After insertion of a chest drainage tube, he began to produce a moderate amount of serous, yellowish sputum. Despite ...
Sedý Jirí - - 2010
This comment focus on new findings in etiopathogenesis of neurogenic pulmonary edema. It highlights the importance of understanding of pathophysiology as well as proper diagnosis of this clinical entity.
Kaartinen M Johanna - - 2010
CASE 1: A two-year old, 462 kg Standard bred horse was anesthetized for arthroscopy and castration. During anesthesia, hyperemia of the mucosal membranes and urticaria were noticed. During 5 hours of anesthesia subcutaneous edema of the eyelids and neck region developed. In the recovery box, the orotracheal (OT) tube was ...
Davidyuk Galina - - 2010
We present an incident of fulminant intraoperative neurogenic pulmonary edema in a 21-yr-old man undergoing an endoscopic ventriculoperitoneal shunt revision. His intraoperative course was complicated by intracranial bleeding requiring vigorous saline irrigation, which was accompanied by an acute increase in heart rate and arterial blood pressure. Shortly thereafter, the patient ...
Amini Shahram S Department of Anesthesiology, Zahedan University of Medical Sciences, Zahedan, Iran. - - 2010
Valvular heart diseases have adverse effects on hemodynamic condition in the parturients during pregnancy. Cesarean section with an opioid based general anesthesia has been used to alleviate these deleterious effects. We hereby describe the effective application of remifentanil, for cesarean section under general anesthesia, in a 30 yr. old primigravida ...
Zechner Peter Michael - - 2010
We present 2 cases of dyspneic patients, where prehospital lung ultrasound helped to distinguish between pulmonary edema and acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.
Coelho Liana Sousa - - 2010
Pulmonary artery sarcomas (PAS) are rare and probably incurable tumours. The clinical manifestations are non-specific and very similar to that of patients with thromboembolic disease, resulting in delay of the correct diagnosis and proper treatment. We report the case of a 66-year-old woman with PAS diagnosed by computed tomography guided ...
Noh Hye Jin - - 2010
Flash pulmonary edema typically exhibits sudden onset and resolves rapidly. It generally is associated with bilateral renal artery stenosis or unilateral stenosis in conjunction with a single functional kidney. We describe a patient who presented with flash pulmonary edema treated by percutaneous therapy with stent implantation. Our case is unique ...
Huan-Jui Yeh - - 2010
Acute stroke is not a common complication of electrical injury, and only a few cases of acute stroke have been reported for lightning or high-voltage injuries. We present the case of a man who suffered from a low-voltage electrical injury followed by ischemic stroke. Magnetic resonance angiography showed segmental narrowing ...
Stiefel M F - - 2010
Introduction The management of unruptured intracranial aneurysms in the elderly remains controversial. Treatment risks are thought to be higher in this group. Large series assessing endovascular treatment of unruptured intracranial aneurysms in the elderly are lacking. Our single center endovascular experience in treating unruptured intracranial aneurysms in the elderly is ...
Starko Karen M - - 2009
The high case-fatality rate--especially among young adults--during the 1918-1919 influenza pandemic is incompletely understood. Although late deaths showed bacterial pneumonia, early deaths exhibited extremely "wet," sometimes hemorrhagic lungs. The hypothesis presented herein is that aspirin contributed to the incidence and severity of viral pathology, bacterial infection, and death, because physicians ...
Fiorella D - - 2009
Endovascular techniques for the treatment of intracranial aneurysms have rapidly evolved over the past 15 years since the introduction and subsequent US Food and Drug administration approval of the Gugleilmi detachable coil. During this period, a number of different coil designs and adjunctive devices have been developed to facilitate the ...
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