Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 1119
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Bayer Monika F - - 2009
Stress cardiomyopathy is a condition of chest pain, breathlessness, abnormal heart rhythms and sometimes congestive heart failure or shock precipitated by intense mental or physical stress. A 64-year-old male with a known diagnosis of moderate-to-severe aortic stenosis and advised that valve replacement was not urgent, presented with acute pulmonary edema ...
Kagohashi Katsunori - - 2009
Large-cell neuroendocrine carcinomas (LCNECs) are relatively rare, and most reported occurrences tend to involve relatively large tumors. We report a small LCNEC in a 63-year-old male patient with pulmonary emphysema. The peripheral pulmonary nodule did not have lobulation and spiculation, and it was difficult to establish correct diagnosis before surgery ...
Cianci Rosario - - 2009
A young Caucasian male was admitted for claudication intermittens, hyposphygmia on the right lower limb, high blood pressure and deterioration of renal function. Instrumental investigations documented right renal artery stenosis, multiple steno-obstructive manifestations of the splanchnic artery system, occlusion of the right external iliac artery and dissection of the left ...
Bresci F - - 2009
We report a fatal case of airway obstruction. A tracheostomized, spontaneously breathing 39-year-old man developed dyspnea, cardiac, and respiratory arrest after tracheal cannula replacement. Inspection of the cannula showed a blood clot obstructing the tube. Autopsy showed pink foam in the trachea, pulmonary hyperinflation, and congested lung parenchyma. Histological examination ...
Robinson Marnie B - - 2008
Minimally invasive fetal surgery uses small endoscopes placed percutaneously through the mother's abdominal wall in order to operate on a fetus, placenta or umbilical cord. We report a case of postoperative pulmonary edema in a mother who underwent minimally invasive fetal surgery for the treatment of twin reverse arterial perfusion ...
Ecco R - - 2008
This report describes an outbreak of acute pulmonary sarcocystosis in different species of captive psittacines and in a Luzon bleeding-heart pigeon (Gallicolumba luzonica) in a zoological collection in Brazil. A majority of the birds were found dead and had exhibited no previous clinical signs. Grossly, pulmonary congestion and edema were ...
Hung Ming-Hui - - 2008
We report a case of severe reexpansion pulmonary edema that occurred immediately after reinflation of a collapsed lung by rapid negative pressure drainage of prolonged malignant pleural effusion and pneumohemothorax. Although hemodynamic stability was difficult to maintain under aggressive treatment with inhalation of nitric oxide, inotropics and prostacyclin infusion, conventional ...
Kitano Morihisa - - 2008
Plombage methods were designed for treating pulmonary tuberculosis surgically around 1945 when pulmonary tuberculosis was regarded as a "traitor disease" in Japan. Nagaishi had reported extrapleural synthetic resin ball plombage in 1948 as the world's first case, but it was complicated by empyema due to perforation of cavities and rupture ...
Schaffer Stephen A - - 2008
A 63-year-old woman with no known cardiac history presented with pulmonary edema accompanied by electrocardiographic evidence of ischemia. Echocardiography demonstrated normal cardiac dimensions, normal wall motion and mild diastolic dysfunction. Despite repeat attempts at extubation following aggressive diuresis, the patient required ongoing ventilatory support. Although cardiac catheterization revealed normal coronary ...
Jeong Yeon Joo - - 2008
Pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) is a common worldwide infection and a medical and social problem causing high mortality and morbidity, especially in developing countries. The traditional imaging concept of primary and reactivation TB has been recently challenged, and radiologic features depend on the level of host immunity rather than the elapsed ...
Lee Yoonki - - 2008
Laparoscopy is a surgical procedure used both for diagnosis and for various treatments. A rare but sometimes fatal complication of laparoscopy is pulmonary embolism with CO2 resulting in pulmonary edema. During laparoscopic gynecological surgery in a 29-year-old woman who had previously undergone lower abdominal surgery, the end-tidal CO2 suddenly increased ...
Maniatis Nikolaos A - - 2008
Acute lung injury (ALI) and its most severe extreme the acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) refer to increased-permeability pulmonary edema caused by a variety of pulmonary or systemic insults. ALI and in particular ARDS, are usually accompanied by refractory hypoxemia and the need for mechanical ventilation. In most cases, an ...
Lin Yi-Chang - - 2008
Alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency is a genetic condition that increases the risk of a variety of conditions including pulmonary emphysema and chronic liver disease. We report on a 33-yr-old male fighter pilot with early-onset pulmonary emphysema with bullae who developed spontaneous pneumothorax during in-flight combat training. A CT scan of his ...
Sinha Aditi - - 2008
Postobstructive pulmonary edema occurs rarely in children. We describe here a child who attempted suicide by hanging and developed postobstructive pulmonary edema and was successfully managed. There was a rapid response to management with morphine and supportive care, enabling extubation by 30 hours of ventilatory support. The case highlights an ...
Bunai Yasuo - - 2008
A previously healthy 9-year-old Japanese boy with a 4-day history of vomiting and headache died suddenly and unexpectedly. An external examination revealed no abnormalities other than foam around the mouth and nose. An internal examination revealed severe pulmonary edema and hemorrhagic hemangiopericytoma arising from the choroid plexus of the right ...
Bramow S - - 2008
We report a case of fatal neurogenic pulmonary edema in progressive multiple sclerosis (MS). The patient had one isolated relapse-like episode. Six years later progressive disease began, lasting 5 years until unexpected death during sleep. Medico-legal autopsy revealed pulmonary edema and neuropathological examination showed infiltrations with lymphocytes and microglia in ...
Mjahed Khalid - - 2008
Accidental intra-arterial injection is a potentially devastating complication of the intragluteal injection of benzathine penicillin. A 35-year-old woman developed after intramuscular injection of benzathine penicillin G acute paraplegia and noncardiogenic pulmonary edema. Noninvasive positive pressure ventilation was initiated with furosemide and corticosteroids. A magnetic resonance imaging scan showed findings consistent ...
Bishay Ayman - - 2008
IV heroin use is associated with several well-described complications, including noncardiogenic pulmonary edema, aspiration pneumonitis, ARDS, pneumonia, lung abscess, septic pulmonary emboli, and atelectasis. Foreign-body granulomatosis may develop when drug users inject solutions containing crushed oral tablets in which talc is used as filler and can be complicated by pulmonary ...
Mourani Peter M PM Division of Critical Care, The Pediatric Heart-Lung Center, Department of Pediatrics, The Children's Hospital and University of Colorado Denver, School of Medicine, Aurora, Colorado, - - 2008
We report 2 infants with severe bronchopulmonary dysplasia in whom left ventricular diastolic dysfunction contributed to clinical abnormalities, including pulmonary hypertension and recurrent pulmonary edema. We speculate that close monitoring for left ventricular diastolic dysfunction may assist with clinical management and improve outcomes of infants with severe bronchopulmonary dysplasia.
Volpicelli Giovanni - - 2008
This review discusses the usefulness of bedside lung ultrasound in the diagnostic distinction between different causes of acute dyspnea in the emergency setting, particularly focusing on differential diagnosis of pulmonary edema and exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). This is possible using a simple unit and easy-to-acquire technique performed ...
Linér Mats H - - 2008
During an international breath-hold diving competition, 19 of the participating divers volunteered for the present study, aimed at elucidating possible symptoms and signs of pulmonary edema after deep dives. Measurements included dynamic spirometry and pulse oximetry, and chest auscultation was performed on those with the most severe symptoms. After deep ...
Stream Joshua O - - 2008
High-altitude pulmonary edema (HAPE) is a life-threatening noncardiogenic form of pulmonary edema (PE) that afflicts susceptible persons after rapid ascent to high altitude above 2500 m. Its pathogenesis is related to increased sympathetic tone, exaggerated hypoxic pulmonary vasoconstriction, uneven hypoxic pulmonary vasoconstriction with overperfusion of some regions of the pulmonary ...
Yağci Ayşe - - 2008
A 19-year-old woman was admitted with sudden severe pain and loss of light perception that began immediately after eyelid injection of the depot form of corticosteroid. Ecchymosis of the lower eyelid, corneal edema, and a fixed dilated pupil were noted. Fundus examination could not be performed because of corneal edema. ...
Ohmi Susumu - - 2008
A 75-year-old previously healthy man presented for elective resection of rectal cancer under general anesthesia. Six days before the operation, he had a high-grade fever, and elevated leukocyte count and C-reactive protein concentration, but this was resolved by an intravenous antibiotic. His condition was well controlled before the operation. Soon ...
Goli Anil K - - 2008
The transthoracic application of synchronized direct current cardioversion (DCC) is widely used to terminate atrial fibrillation, atrial flutter, and other supraventricular tachyarrhythmia. DCC is a highly effective method for acute restoration of sinus rhythm. Although DCC is a relatively safe and frequently performed procedure, data on potential side effects are ...
Maroun Lisa Leth - - 2008
Two early-2nd-trimester fetuses were aborted as a result of nuchal edema and suspected severe heart malformation. At autopsy one fetus demonstrated nuchal edema, mild hydronephrosis, and cor triatriatum dexter associated with ventricular septal defect and tubular hypoplasia of the aortic arch. The other fetus demonstrated severe nuchal edema, and cor ...
Levitt Joseph E - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: Distinguishing pulmonary edema due to acute lung injury (ALI) or the acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) from hydrostatic or cardiogenic edema is challenging in critically ill patients. B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) can effectively identify congestive heart failure in the emergency room setting but, despite increasing use, its diagnostic utility ...
Voga Gorazd - - 2008
The measurement of pulmonary artery occlusion pressure (PAOP) is important for estimation of left ventricular filling pressure and for distinction between cardiac and non-cardiac etiology of pulmonary edema. Clinical assessment of PAOP, which relies on physical signs of pulmonary congestion, is uncertain. Reliable PAOP measurement can be performed by pulmonary ...
Takahashi Masashi - - 2008
The term 'emphysema' is generally used in a morphological sense, and therefore imaging modalities have an important role in diagnosing this disease. In particular, high resolution computed tomography (HRCT) is a reliable tool for demonstrating the pathology of emphysema, even in subtle changes within secondary pulmonary lobules. Generally, pulmonary emphysema ...
Bernal Juan M - - 2007
Pericardiocentesis for therapeutic drainage of pericardial fluid may be associated with a variety of complications, including laceration of the right ventricle or coronary artery, arrhythmias, viscus perforation, hypotension, pneumothorax, adult respiratory distress syndrome and death. Hemodynamic derangements such as acute left ventricular failure, pulmonary edema and cardiogenic shock are infrequent ...
Lan Jheng-Yan - - 2007
Pulmonary edema is a rare complication in preeclampsia patients without pre-existing cardiac disease, tocolytic therapy, infection, or multiple gestations. We present a preeclamptic patient complicated by overwhelming pulmonary edema just prior to cesarean section and the massive edematous fluid production made it an exceptional challenge to the anesthesiologist on airway ...
Silverman Edwin K - - 2007
The impact of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) exacerbations on decline in FEV(1) has been a controversial topic for decades. We will review some of the key studies in this area and discuss potential contributors to inconsistent results of these studies. Dissecting the heterogeneous COPD syndrome into meaningful subtypes and ...
Sedý J - - 2008
Neurogenic pulmonary edema is a life-threatening complication, known for almost 100 years, but its etiopathogenesis is still not completely understood. This review summarizes current knowledge about the etiology and pathophysiology of neurogenic pulmonary edema. The roles of systemic sympathetic discharge, central nervous system trigger zones, intracranial pressure, inflammation and anesthesia ...
Chetan G - - 2007
Acute lupus pneumonitis in an 11-year-old girl with lupus nephritis is reported. Chest radiograph and arterial blood gas parameters were suggestive of Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ARDS). Definitive pulmonary infection was excluded by investigations and poor clinical response to antibiotics. The respiratory worsening warranted ventilatory support with very high pressures. ...
Grobbelaar Marie - - 2008
Chylothorax is a rare clinical entity characterized by a milky white aspirate with increased triglyceride levels. The commonest aetiology is malignancy and trauma. Pulmonary tuberculosis is an extremely rare cause of chylothorax. Two children with chylothorax and pulmonary tuberculosis are described. One child had bilateral and the other unilateral chylous ...
Lee Jen-Jyh - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was (a) to describe HRCT findings for pulmonary tuberculosis before and after treatment, and (b) to evaluate the possible use of HRCT to assess disease activity. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We prospectively studied 52 patients with newly diagnosed pulmonary tuberculosis that was proven bacteriologically. HRCT ...
Trujillo Maximo H - - 2007
A 79 year-old woman was admitted to our institution unconscious with pulmonary edema. She had been trapped by the neck in the electric sliding gate of her own home garage. A pulmonary artery catheter was inserted through the right internal jugular vein and her hemodynamic profile and chest x ray ...
Sedý J - - 2008
Neurogenic pulmonary edema is an acute life-threatening complication following central nervous system injury. The exact pathogenic mechanism leading to its development is still unclear. We introduce a new hypothesis that high levels of anesthesia might protect the organism against the development of neurogenic pulmonary edema due to a more pronounced ...
Sedý Jirí - - 2007
We describe a new model of neurogenic pulmonary edema in spinal cord injured Wistar male rats. The pulmonary edema was elicited by an epidural thoracic balloon compression spinal cord lesion, performed under a low concentration of isoflurane (1.5 or 2%) in air. Anesthesia with 1.5% isoflurane promoted very severe interstitial ...
Lam Paul K Y - - 2007
Improved hygiene and public awareness have led to a steady decline in the incidence of pulmonary tuberculosis in developed countries. Nonetheless, long-term sequelae like unilateral vocal fold paralysis should not be underestimated in a modern society. We report three patients with chronic lung fibrosis following pulmonary tuberculosis leading to unilateral ...
Cunha B A - - 2007
Reported here is a rare case of babesiosis with pulmonary complications followed by a review of the literature. Babesiosis presents clinically as a malaria-like illness with fever, chills, headache, fatigue with lymphopenia, atypical lymphocytes, mildly or transiently elevated serum transaminases, thrombocytopenia, and increased lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) levels. The diagnosis of ...
Kosmidou Ioanna - - 2008
Pulmonary edema is a life-threatening complication of critical illness. Identification of the underlying mechanisms of pulmonary edema is a prerequisite for the development of adequate treatment. The initial description of fluid transportation across capillaries (Starling's law) while of critical importance, did not provide full insight into the underlying pathophysiology of ...
Norzilawati M N - - 2007
A 21-year-old primigravida with previous history of pulmonary tuberculosis had a normal but assisted vaginal delivery after a prolonged second stage. Within 12 hours, she complained of dyspnoea and was found to have abnormal neck and anterior chest wall swelling. A diagnosis of subcutaneous emphysema was made and this was ...
Ho Ching-Cheng - - 2007
Cardiovascular instability is a common manifestation of spinal cord injury, especially if the upper thoracic or cervical spine is involved. Here we report a case of lower thoracic spinal tumor who developed acute pulmonary edema postoperatively at post-anesthesia room following surgery. This might be caused by injudicious fluid administration after ...
Fiorello Christine V CV Department of Small Animal Clinical Scienc es, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida 32610, USA. - - 2007
A free-ranging, adult male Florida panther (Puma concolor coryi) was immobilized and evaluated for hematuria following routine capture. Prior to anesthetic recovery, the panther was fitted with a telemetry collar. After an initially quiet recovery, the panther began thrashing in the transport cage, and was again immobilized. Pink foam was ...
Kuwamura Mitsuru - - 2007
A female adult bottlenose dolphin suddenly died at 17 days after the capture. Macroscopically, severe pulmonary congestive edema was found. Histopathology revealed many lungworms in the bronchioli and the worms were identified as Stenurus ovatus. Variously sized vessels proliferated around the lesioned bronchioli. Based on these findings, chronic bronchopneumonia due ...
Akkoca Yildiz Oznur - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of the radiological evidence of emphysema, and the extent of interstitial involvement, on lung function and pulmonary arterial pressure (PAP) in patients with coal workers' pneumoconiosis (CWP). METHODS: The records of 48 patients with suspected CWP were evaluated retrospectively. ...
Alvarez John M - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: Idiopathic postpneumonectomy pulmonary edema is a leading cause of mortality after pneumonectomy. Postoperative hyperinflation of the remaining lung is an etiologic factor. We have demonstrated avoidance of postpneumonectomy pulmonary edema solely by changing management of the pneumonectomy space to a balanced drainage system. In sheep, we tested the following ...
Sartori Claudio - - 2007
Pulmonary edema is a problem of major clinical importance resulting from a persistent imbalance between forces that drive water into the airspace of the lung and the biological mechanisms for its removal. Here, we will review the fundamental mechanisms implicated in the regulation of alveolar fluid homeostasis. We will then ...
Fremont Richard D RD Division of Allergy, Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Vanderbilt University, T1218 MCN, 1161 Twenty-First Ave S, Nashville, TN 37232-2650, USA. - - 2007
Postobstructive pulmonary edema is a well-recognized complication of upper airway obstruction. The mechanisms of edema formation are unclear and may be due to increased hydrostatic forces generated by high negative inspiratory pressure or by increased permeability of the alveolar capillary membrane. Measurement of the edema fluid/plasma protein ratio and the ...
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