Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 1166
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Mariniello Giuseppe - - 2010
We report an exceptional case of symmetrical mirror aneurysms at the origin of the posterior inferior cerebellar arteries treated by endovascular occlusion. Questions related to a correct diagnosis and treatment at this localization are discussed.
Maggiorini Marco - - 2010
We distinguish two forms of high altitude illness, a cerebral form called acute mountain sickness and a pulmonary form called high-altitude pulmonary edema (HAPE). Individual susceptibility is the most important determinant for the occurrence of HAPE. The hallmark of HAPE is an excessively elevated pulmonary artery pressure (mean pressure 36-51 ...
Scherrer Urs - - 2010
High-altitude pulmonary edema is a life-threatening condition occurring in predisposed but otherwise healthy individuals. It therefore permits the study of underlying mechanisms of pulmonary edema in the absence of confounding factors such as coexisting cardiovascular or pulmonary disease, and/or drug therapy. There is evidence that some degree of asymptomatic alveolar ...
Udeshi Ashish - - 2010
Postobstructive pulmonary edema (POPE; also known as negative pressure pulmonary edema) is a potentially life-threatening complication in which pulmonary edema occurs shortly after the relief of an upper airway obstruction. The incidence of POPE has been reported to be as high as 1 in 1000 general anesthetic cases and commonly ...
Tung Yung-Wei - - 2010
A right-side spontaneous pneumohemothorax developed in a 16-year-old boy who was transferred from a local medical department to our emergency department 12 hours later. After an emergency operation to remove the blood clot, right-side reexpansion pulmonary edema developed, with about 3100 mL of foamy and bloody fluid drainage from the ...
Tulamo Riikka - - 2010
Rupture of a saccular intracranial artery aneurysm (IA) causes subarachnoid hemorrhage, a significant cause of stroke and death. The current treatment options, endovascular coiling and clipping, are invasive and somewhat risky. Since only some IAs rupture, those IAs at risk for rupture should be identified. However, to improve the imaging ...
Moon Suk J - - 2010
To assess the potential visual benefit of intravitreal bevacizumab in a patient with macular edema from idiopathic retinal vasculitis, aneurysms, and neuroretinitis, an intravitreal injection of bevacizumab (1.25 mg) was given. Within 1 week, visual acuity improved from 20/60 to 20/30 and optical coherence tomography demonstrated resolution of macular edema. ...
Komatsu Teruya - - 2010
A case of a 61-year-old man who developed ipsilateral re-expansion pulmonary edema after pleural drainage for a right pneumothorax is described. The patient's chest x-ray revealed a totally collapsed right lung. After insertion of a chest drainage tube, he began to produce a moderate amount of serous, yellowish sputum. Despite ...
Sedý Jirí - - 2010
This comment focus on new findings in etiopathogenesis of neurogenic pulmonary edema. It highlights the importance of understanding of pathophysiology as well as proper diagnosis of this clinical entity.
Kaartinen M Johanna - - 2010
CASE 1: A two-year old, 462 kg Standard bred horse was anesthetized for arthroscopy and castration. During anesthesia, hyperemia of the mucosal membranes and urticaria were noticed. During 5 hours of anesthesia subcutaneous edema of the eyelids and neck region developed. In the recovery box, the orotracheal (OT) tube was ...
Davidyuk Galina - - 2010
We present an incident of fulminant intraoperative neurogenic pulmonary edema in a 21-yr-old man undergoing an endoscopic ventriculoperitoneal shunt revision. His intraoperative course was complicated by intracranial bleeding requiring vigorous saline irrigation, which was accompanied by an acute increase in heart rate and arterial blood pressure. Shortly thereafter, the patient ...
Amini Shahram S Department of Anesthesiology, Zahedan University of Medical Sciences, Zahedan, Iran. - - 2010
Valvular heart diseases have adverse effects on hemodynamic condition in the parturients during pregnancy. Cesarean section with an opioid based general anesthesia has been used to alleviate these deleterious effects. We hereby describe the effective application of remifentanil, for cesarean section under general anesthesia, in a 30 yr. old primigravida ...
Zechner Peter Michael - - 2010
We present 2 cases of dyspneic patients, where prehospital lung ultrasound helped to distinguish between pulmonary edema and acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.
Coelho Liana Sousa - - 2010
Pulmonary artery sarcomas (PAS) are rare and probably incurable tumours. The clinical manifestations are non-specific and very similar to that of patients with thromboembolic disease, resulting in delay of the correct diagnosis and proper treatment. We report the case of a 66-year-old woman with PAS diagnosed by computed tomography guided ...
Noh Hye Jin - - 2010
Flash pulmonary edema typically exhibits sudden onset and resolves rapidly. It generally is associated with bilateral renal artery stenosis or unilateral stenosis in conjunction with a single functional kidney. We describe a patient who presented with flash pulmonary edema treated by percutaneous therapy with stent implantation. Our case is unique ...
Huan-Jui Yeh - - 2010
Acute stroke is not a common complication of electrical injury, and only a few cases of acute stroke have been reported for lightning or high-voltage injuries. We present the case of a man who suffered from a low-voltage electrical injury followed by ischemic stroke. Magnetic resonance angiography showed segmental narrowing ...
Stiefel M F - - 2010
Introduction The management of unruptured intracranial aneurysms in the elderly remains controversial. Treatment risks are thought to be higher in this group. Large series assessing endovascular treatment of unruptured intracranial aneurysms in the elderly are lacking. Our single center endovascular experience in treating unruptured intracranial aneurysms in the elderly is ...
Starko Karen M - - 2009
The high case-fatality rate--especially among young adults--during the 1918-1919 influenza pandemic is incompletely understood. Although late deaths showed bacterial pneumonia, early deaths exhibited extremely "wet," sometimes hemorrhagic lungs. The hypothesis presented herein is that aspirin contributed to the incidence and severity of viral pathology, bacterial infection, and death, because physicians ...
Fiorella D - - 2009
Endovascular techniques for the treatment of intracranial aneurysms have rapidly evolved over the past 15 years since the introduction and subsequent US Food and Drug administration approval of the Gugleilmi detachable coil. During this period, a number of different coil designs and adjunctive devices have been developed to facilitate the ...
Vitek J J - - 2009
Objective To correct the historical notion that permeates throughout the neurointerventional surgical literature that Dr Barney Brooks was the founder of the specialty. Material and methods Both articles written by Dr B Brooks and all pertinent literature dealing with neurointerventional treatment of the carotid-cavernous sinus fistula (CCSF) were reviewed. Results ...
Lichtenstein Daniel A - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The risk of pulmonary edema is the main limiting factor in fluid therapy in the critically ill. Interstitial edema is a subclinical step that precedes alveolar edema. This study assesses a bedside tool for detecting interstitial edema, lung ultrasound. The A-line is a horizontal artifact indicating a normal lung ...
Matsuoka Shin S Department of Radiology, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115, USA. - - 2010
Pulmonary vascular alteration is one of the characteristic features of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Recent studies suggest that vascular alteration is closely related to endothelial dysfunction and may be further influenced by emphysema. However, the relationship between morphological alteration of small pulmonary vessels and the extent of emphysema has ...
Fiorella D - - 2010
Introduction We present the use of the Pipeline embolization device (PED) to achieve reconstruction of the right anterior circulation in a patient with a dolichoectatic internal carotid artery (ICA) and middle cerebral artery (MCA) and an associated symptomatic, large, carotid-ophthalmic segment aneurysm. Clinical presentation A 36-year-old man presented with progressive ...
Fiorella D - - 2010
Introduction This report details experience with the Neuroform stent, with an emphasis on evolving treatment strategies, complication rates and treatment durability. Methods All patients undergoing Neuroform stent assisted aneurysm treatment were registered in prospectively maintained endovascular databases at two institutions. Results 284 patients with 302 aneurysms underwent aneurysm treatment with ...
Chong Semin - - 2009
Localized pulmonary edema in the right upper lobe has usually been reported in patients with mitral incompetence. Cardiac myxomas that involve the left atrium can cause elevated filling pressure with resultant bilateral or symmetric pulmonary edema. To our knowledge, however, a case of localized pulmonary edema associated with cardiac myxoma ...
Karamichalis John M - - 2009
Pericardial effusions with tamponade may present a clinical challenge in management for the cardiothoracic surgeon. We report a case of acute pulmonary edema secondary to the rapid release of a chronic traumatic pericardial effusion that resulted in the death of the patient.
Wang Shih-Min - - 2009
Enterovirus 71 (EV71) has emerged as a major cause of neurological threat in the world following the eradication of poliovirus. Most EV71 infections commonly result in hand-foot-mouth disease or herpangina, and some cases are associated with brainstem encephalitis and acute flaccid paralysis. Mortality was high in EV71 brainstem encephalitis complicated ...
Bedenice Daniela - - 2009
The estimation of fluid deficits in camelids is challenging. However, early recognition and treatment of shock and hypovolemia is instrumental to improve morbidity and mortality of critically ill camelids. Early goal-directed fluid therapy requires specific knowledge of clinical indicators of hypovolemia and assessment of resuscitation endpoints, but may significantly enhance ...
Kumar Jamuna - - 2009
We report a case of a 3-year-old boy who underwent an arterial switch operation with relief of left ventricular outflow tract obstruction and later presented with recurrent episodes of flash pulmonary edema. High-flow humidified oxygen with positive pressure support (Vapotherm) was used as a treatment modality, thereby avoiding intubation and ...
Madershahian Navid - - 2009
A rare case of a unilateral re-expansion pulmonary edema following one-lung ventilation for minimally invasive mitral valve reconstruction in cardiopulmonary bypass is described.
Limaverde Patrícia T - - 2009
The in vivo and in vitro pharmacological effects of leptoxin, one of the most lethal protein toxins known at present date (LD(50) 0.5+/-0.03 microg/kg i.v., mice) isolated from Leptodactylus pentadactylus skin secretion, were studied. In rats, leptoxin (1.0 microg/kg, i.v.) induced cardiorespiratory collapse with abundant tracheal secretion followed by sudden ...
Chang Chia-Ying - - 2009
This case report describes a 61-year-old man who developed reexpansion pulmonary edema (RPE) of the collapsed left lung after video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery because of left thoracic empyema, complicated with secondary contralateral pulmonary edema later. The left lung was gently reexpanded after surgery under one-lung ventilation anesthesia for 2.5 hours. The ...
Hiraki Takao - - 2009
Tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC) is an autosomal-dominant disorder characterized by seizures, mental retardation, and various hamartomatous lesions, including renal angiomyolipoma (AML) and pulmonary lymphangioleiomyomatosis. A 22-year-old woman with TSC presented with multiple renal AMLs exceeding 4 cm in diameter. She underwent two transcatheter embolization procedures with a mixture of ethanol ...
Morchi Gira S - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of sildenafil in patients with failing Fontan physiology. DESIGN: A retrospective chart review was performed to compare history and available data in patients with Fontan circulations before and after starting sildenafil. The paired and unpaired Student's t-tests were used ...
Effros Richard M - - 2009
It has generally been assumed that movement of fluid between the pulmonary microvasculature and surrounding tissues is governed by a "Starling" balance of hydrostatic and protein osmotic forces similar to that which prevails in the extremities. However, both recent and older observations suggest that the lungs are more resistant to ...
Sedý Jirí - - 2009
Neurogenic pulmonary edema is an acute life-threatening complication of central nervous system injury. We introduce a hypothesis that early i.v. administration of high-dose atropine can prevent neurogenic pulmonary edema development on the basis of the prevention of baroreflex-induced bradycardia, which was recognized as a major factor in neurogenic pulmonary edema ...
Sopeña Bernardo - - 2011
Refractory edema is defined as peripheral edema that does not respond to dietary sodium restriction and combined diuretic treatment including a loop diuretic, often caused by an evident underlying cardiac or pulmonary condition. We present a case of refractory edema, which remained unexplained until a hidden intrarenal arteriovenous malformation was ...
Su Tung-Hung - - 2009
A 66-year-old woman with hepatitis C related liver cirrhosis presented to our hospital for dyspnoea and cyanosis. Tachypnoea, low grade fever, clubbed fingers, palmar erythaema, spider angioma, wheezing and severe hypoxaemia were found. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) with acute exacerbation was diagnosed and she recovered after bronchodilator and antibiotic ...
Omar Hesham - - 2009
Acute airway obstruction can result in life - threatening pulmonary edema. It can develop rapidly, without warning, in otherwise healthy patients. Negative pressure pulmonary edema has been described after acute airway obstruction in situations when a patient is breathing against an obstructed airway such as croup, epiglottitis or laryngospasm. In ...
Yeh Ju Fen - - 2009
Acute aortic dissection complicated by stroke is not uncommon but may be difficult to evaluate, especially in patients with impaired mental status. This report describes a patient who had evidence of an ischaemic stroke but was fortuitously not given thrombolytic treatment. She was subsequently found to have an extensive aortic ...
Vitale Agata - - 2009
Takayasu's arteritis is a systemic vasculitis predominantly affecting the aorta and its major branches. We report a 14-year-old girl in whom incidentally a deep upper limb vein thrombosis was found. She was referred to the emergency unit due to swelling and intermittent cyanosis of the right arm following an axillary ...
Bayer Monika F - - 2009
Stress cardiomyopathy is a condition of chest pain, breathlessness, abnormal heart rhythms and sometimes congestive heart failure or shock precipitated by intense mental or physical stress. A 64-year-old male with a known diagnosis of moderate-to-severe aortic stenosis and advised that valve replacement was not urgent, presented with acute pulmonary edema ...
Kagohashi Katsunori - - 2009
Large-cell neuroendocrine carcinomas (LCNECs) are relatively rare, and most reported occurrences tend to involve relatively large tumors. We report a small LCNEC in a 63-year-old male patient with pulmonary emphysema. The peripheral pulmonary nodule did not have lobulation and spiculation, and it was difficult to establish correct diagnosis before surgery ...
Cianci Rosario - - 2009
A young Caucasian male was admitted for claudication intermittens, hyposphygmia on the right lower limb, high blood pressure and deterioration of renal function. Instrumental investigations documented right renal artery stenosis, multiple steno-obstructive manifestations of the splanchnic artery system, occlusion of the right external iliac artery and dissection of the left ...
Bresci F - - 2009
We report a fatal case of airway obstruction. A tracheostomized, spontaneously breathing 39-year-old man developed dyspnea, cardiac, and respiratory arrest after tracheal cannula replacement. Inspection of the cannula showed a blood clot obstructing the tube. Autopsy showed pink foam in the trachea, pulmonary hyperinflation, and congested lung parenchyma. Histological examination ...
Fujiwara Toshiyuki T From the Department of Ophthalmology, Fukushima Medical University School of Medicine, Fukushima, - - 2009
To report a case of an arteriolar macroaneurysm on the optic disk associated with branch retinal vein occlusion (BRVO). Patient chart review. An 80-year-old man presented with a retinal arteriolar macroaneurysm on the optic disk on the root of a papillomacular vein, which caused BRVO. Eight months later, the macroaneurysm ...
Pieramici Dante J DJ From the California Retina Research Foundation, Santa Barbara, - - 2009
This case report describes an uncommon presence of a retinal arterial macroaneurysm complicated by retinal neovascularization. This is a case history of a 49-year-old woman presenting with preretinal, intraretinal, and subretinal hemorrhage with an adjacent retinal arterial macroaneurysm complicated by the development of retinal neovascularization. The neovascularization, intraretinal lipid, and ...
Kotsolis Athanasios I AI From the *LuEsther T. Mertz Retinal Research Center/Manhattan Eye, Ear and Throat Hospital, New York, New York; †Vitreous-Retina-Macula Consultants of New York, New York; and ‡Beaumont Eye Institute, William Beaumont Hospital, Royal Oak, - - 2009
Inflammation of the optic nerve associated with central retinal vein occlusion is a well-documented disorder known as papillophlebitis, which occurs in young adults. To report two cases of serpiginous choroidopathy complicated by retinal vein occlusion in association with papillitis. Two patients with serpiginous choroidopathy were examined during their acute and ...
Robinson Marnie B - - 2008
Minimally invasive fetal surgery uses small endoscopes placed percutaneously through the mother's abdominal wall in order to operate on a fetus, placenta or umbilical cord. We report a case of postoperative pulmonary edema in a mother who underwent minimally invasive fetal surgery for the treatment of twin reverse arterial perfusion ...
Ecco R - - 2008
This report describes an outbreak of acute pulmonary sarcocystosis in different species of captive psittacines and in a Luzon bleeding-heart pigeon (Gallicolumba luzonica) in a zoological collection in Brazil. A majority of the birds were found dead and had exhibited no previous clinical signs. Grossly, pulmonary congestion and edema were ...
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