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Results 351 - 400 of 1131
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Erdi Mehmet Fatih MF M.H. Afsin State Hospital, Department of Neurosurgery, Afsin/ Kahramanmaras, Turkey. - - 2011
The aim of this study is to determine the effects of a strong dithiol antioxidant, alpha lipoic acid (ALA) on cerebral vasospasm following subarachnoid hemorrhage in a rabbit model. Twenty-one New Zealand white rabbits were assigned to one of three groups: group 1 (control), group 2 (SAH only), group 3 ...
Taqi Muhammad A MA Department of Neurology, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee/Froedtert Hospital and Children Hospital of Wisconsin Wisconsin, MI, - - 2011
The dissecting posterior cerebral artery (PCA) aneurysms are very rare. These aneurysms pose significant treatment challenge and need careful evaluation to formulate an optimal treatment plan in case of ruptured or un-ruptured presentations. Retrospective review of a prospectively collected data. Seven patients with dissecting aneurysms of the PCA were identified. ...
Tasic Goran G Clinical Centre of Serbia, Institute for Neurosurgery, Belgrade,Serbia, - - 2011
AVM because of outstanding tendency toward bleeding, even though 20 times more rare then aneurysm on the blood vessels of the brain and her own specific anatomical structure even today represents big neurosurgical challenge. Series which is shown here consists of 39 patients which were hospitalized in the institute for ...
Choulakian Armen - - 2010
Objective Cavernous carotid aneurysms (CCAs) can present with visual symptoms or with subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). As surgical treatment of these aneurysms can be technically challenging, endovascular management has emerged as the preferred treatment modality. Methods A retrospective review was conducted of 113 patients who underwent endosaccular treatment for CCAs. Presenting ...
Yazdani Saami K - - 2010
First generation drug-eluting stents (DES) have significantly improved the treatment options for patients with symptomatic coronary artery disease by decreasing rates of restenosis after percutaneous coronary revascularisation procedures. However, early enthusiasm was tempered by reports of late stent thrombosis, primarily in "off-label" use. In particular, the treatment of atherosclerotic plaques ...
Oda Takeshi - - 2010
A 6-year-old boy had cold-like symptoms and was diagnosed with influenza A at a clinic. Administration of oseltamivir and azithromycin did not improve the symptoms. He was referred to our hospital and was diagnosed with H1N1 pneumonia. The patient required ventilator support. However, hypoxia and hypercapnia were uncontrollable. To oxygenate ...
Steven Daniel - - 2012
Pulmonary veins (PVs) usually drain into the left atrium (LA) and are frequently targeted for electrical isolation, since it became evident that PVs may trigger and maintain paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (AF). We present a patient with right-sided PVs anomalously connecting to the right atrium with lack of electrical PV-atrial connection. ...
Pelta Anna - - 2011
We report the prevalence of flash pulmonary edema in patients consecutively referred for balloon angioplasty of uni- or bilateral renal artery stenosis (PTRA), and describe the characteristics of this special fraction of the patients. We further report two unusual cases. Review of medical records from 60 patients consecutively referred for ...
Xiang Lusha L Department of Physiology and Biophysics, University of Mississippi Medical Center, Jackson, Mississippi 39216-4505, USA. - - 2010
Obese subjects with orthopedic trauma exhibit increased inflammation and an increased risk of pulmonary edema. Prostaglandin E(2) (PGE(2) ) production is elevated during inflammation and associated with increased vascular permeability. We hypothesize that pulmonary edema in obesity following orthopedic trauma is due to elevated PGE(2) and resultant increases in pulmonary ...
Chen I-Chen - - 2010
Postobstructive pulmonary edema is life-threatening, and results from a sudden episode of upper airway obstruction. Croup is generally thought to be a benign condition, but occasionally it can develop into postobstructive pulmonary edema. We present a case of a 5-year-old boy with recurrent croup, who was diagnosed with postobstructive pulmonary ...
Attias David - - 2010
Cardiogenic unilateral pulmonary edema (UPE) is a rare entity, frequently leading to initial misdiagnosis. We sought to assess the prevalence of UPE and to determine its impact on prognosis compared with bilateral pulmonary edema. We studied the characteristics and outcomes of patients admitted to our institution for cardiogenic pulmonary edema ...
Ogilvy Christopher S - - 2011
Background Stent assistance for treatment of wide-based aneurysms is becoming rapidly accepted. Methods Cases of aneurysms arising in the paraclinoid location of the internal carotid artery treated with intracranial stents and/or bare platinum coils were analyzed retrospectively from our prospectively collected database. We identified 70 aneurysms treated with stent assistance ...
Hauck Erik F - - 2011
We report a case of aneurysm progression after waffle-cone treatment. A patient in their seventies presented with headaches. Four years earlier, this individual had undergone waffle-cone treatment of a giant ruptured left ophthalmic aneurysm. Angiography demonstrated aneurysm growth. A second stent was deployed through the initially placed stent to recreate ...
Ramanathan Dinesh - - 2010
Giant basilar tip aneurysms are a challenge to treat because of the complex anatomy and critical vessels that arise in this region. For large aneurysms, with multiple recurrences after coiling, when microsurgical clipping is not possible, a bypass to the posterior cerebral artery (PCA) can be helpful in providing definitive ...
Hong Jeong-Yeon - - 2010
A 63 year-old man developed sudden pulmonary edema after uneventful robot-assisted laparoscopic radical prostatectomy (RALP) for prostate cancer despite normal preoperative laboratory findings and appropriate anesthetic management. The pulmonary edema was attributed to prolonged (4 hrs) pneumoperitoneum with concomitant high intraabdominal pressure (15-20 mmHg).
Filho Luiz Vicente Ferreira da Silva - - 2010
Pulmonary interstitial emphysema is a common complication of mechanical ventilation in preterm babies. We report a case of severe unilateral pulmonary interstitial emphysema in a premature newborn, treated with high-frequency oscillatory ventilation, lateral decubitus positioning and selective intubation. After complete radiological resolution of the pulmonary emphysema in the left lung, ...
Caridi Grazia - - 2010
We report the case of a 74-year-old woman with pulmonary edema induced by hydrochlorothiazide. We missed the diagnosis in the first episode, and it was only upon unintentional hydrochlorothiazide rechallenge that we correctly identified the cause of the pulmonary edema.
Alwi Idrus - - 2010
Acute cardiogenic pulmonary edema (ACPE) is a common cardiogenic emergency with a quite high in-hospital mortality rate. ACPE is defined as pulmonary edema with increased secondary hydrostatic capillary pressure due to elevated pulmonary venous pressure. Increased hydrostatic pressure may result from various causes including excessive administration of intravascular volume, obstruction ...
Zomorodi Ali - - 2010
Giant fusiform aneurysms of the middle cerebral artery (MCA) bifurcation pose significant treatment challenges. A giant fusiform aneurysm of the left MCA in a pediatric patient, which persisted despite Hunterian ligation of the M1 and double barrel superficial temporal artery (STA) to M2 bypasses, is reported. The aneurysm was trapped ...
Nogueira Raul G - - 2010
Objective To describe the effective treatment of a ruptured lateral sacral artery aneurysm presenting as a spinal epidural hematoma. Design Case report and literature review. Setting University teaching hospital, neurovascular center. Participant A man with a history of renal allograft who presented with sudden onset low back pain. Intervention The ...
Cooke Daniel - - 2010
Object Endovascular treatment of cerebral vasospasm consists primarily of transluminal balloon angioplasty (TBA) and intra-arterial (IA) vasodilator administration, the former restricted to use within the distal internal carotid and proximal intracerebral arteries. Our objective was to characterize clinical and angiographic features of those patients undergoing TBA and IA vasodilator treatments, ...
Mariniello Giuseppe - - 2010
We report an exceptional case of symmetrical mirror aneurysms at the origin of the posterior inferior cerebellar arteries treated by endovascular occlusion. Questions related to a correct diagnosis and treatment at this localization are discussed.
Maggiorini Marco - - 2010
We distinguish two forms of high altitude illness, a cerebral form called acute mountain sickness and a pulmonary form called high-altitude pulmonary edema (HAPE). Individual susceptibility is the most important determinant for the occurrence of HAPE. The hallmark of HAPE is an excessively elevated pulmonary artery pressure (mean pressure 36-51 ...
Scherrer Urs - - 2010
High-altitude pulmonary edema is a life-threatening condition occurring in predisposed but otherwise healthy individuals. It therefore permits the study of underlying mechanisms of pulmonary edema in the absence of confounding factors such as coexisting cardiovascular or pulmonary disease, and/or drug therapy. There is evidence that some degree of asymptomatic alveolar ...
Udeshi Ashish - - 2010
Postobstructive pulmonary edema (POPE; also known as negative pressure pulmonary edema) is a potentially life-threatening complication in which pulmonary edema occurs shortly after the relief of an upper airway obstruction. The incidence of POPE has been reported to be as high as 1 in 1000 general anesthetic cases and commonly ...
Tung Yung-Wei - - 2010
A right-side spontaneous pneumohemothorax developed in a 16-year-old boy who was transferred from a local medical department to our emergency department 12 hours later. After an emergency operation to remove the blood clot, right-side reexpansion pulmonary edema developed, with about 3100 mL of foamy and bloody fluid drainage from the ...
Tulamo Riikka - - 2010
Rupture of a saccular intracranial artery aneurysm (IA) causes subarachnoid hemorrhage, a significant cause of stroke and death. The current treatment options, endovascular coiling and clipping, are invasive and somewhat risky. Since only some IAs rupture, those IAs at risk for rupture should be identified. However, to improve the imaging ...
Moon Suk J - - 2010
To assess the potential visual benefit of intravitreal bevacizumab in a patient with macular edema from idiopathic retinal vasculitis, aneurysms, and neuroretinitis, an intravitreal injection of bevacizumab (1.25 mg) was given. Within 1 week, visual acuity improved from 20/60 to 20/30 and optical coherence tomography demonstrated resolution of macular edema. ...
Komatsu Teruya - - 2010
A case of a 61-year-old man who developed ipsilateral re-expansion pulmonary edema after pleural drainage for a right pneumothorax is described. The patient's chest x-ray revealed a totally collapsed right lung. After insertion of a chest drainage tube, he began to produce a moderate amount of serous, yellowish sputum. Despite ...
Sedý Jirí - - 2010
This comment focus on new findings in etiopathogenesis of neurogenic pulmonary edema. It highlights the importance of understanding of pathophysiology as well as proper diagnosis of this clinical entity.
Kaartinen M Johanna - - 2010
CASE 1: A two-year old, 462 kg Standard bred horse was anesthetized for arthroscopy and castration. During anesthesia, hyperemia of the mucosal membranes and urticaria were noticed. During 5 hours of anesthesia subcutaneous edema of the eyelids and neck region developed. In the recovery box, the orotracheal (OT) tube was ...
Davidyuk Galina - - 2010
We present an incident of fulminant intraoperative neurogenic pulmonary edema in a 21-yr-old man undergoing an endoscopic ventriculoperitoneal shunt revision. His intraoperative course was complicated by intracranial bleeding requiring vigorous saline irrigation, which was accompanied by an acute increase in heart rate and arterial blood pressure. Shortly thereafter, the patient ...
Amini Shahram S Department of Anesthesiology, Zahedan University of Medical Sciences, Zahedan, Iran. - - 2010
Valvular heart diseases have adverse effects on hemodynamic condition in the parturients during pregnancy. Cesarean section with an opioid based general anesthesia has been used to alleviate these deleterious effects. We hereby describe the effective application of remifentanil, for cesarean section under general anesthesia, in a 30 yr. old primigravida ...
Zechner Peter Michael - - 2010
We present 2 cases of dyspneic patients, where prehospital lung ultrasound helped to distinguish between pulmonary edema and acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.
Coelho Liana Sousa - - 2010
Pulmonary artery sarcomas (PAS) are rare and probably incurable tumours. The clinical manifestations are non-specific and very similar to that of patients with thromboembolic disease, resulting in delay of the correct diagnosis and proper treatment. We report the case of a 66-year-old woman with PAS diagnosed by computed tomography guided ...
Noh Hye Jin - - 2010
Flash pulmonary edema typically exhibits sudden onset and resolves rapidly. It generally is associated with bilateral renal artery stenosis or unilateral stenosis in conjunction with a single functional kidney. We describe a patient who presented with flash pulmonary edema treated by percutaneous therapy with stent implantation. Our case is unique ...
Huan-Jui Yeh - - 2010
Acute stroke is not a common complication of electrical injury, and only a few cases of acute stroke have been reported for lightning or high-voltage injuries. We present the case of a man who suffered from a low-voltage electrical injury followed by ischemic stroke. Magnetic resonance angiography showed segmental narrowing ...
Stiefel M F - - 2010
Introduction The management of unruptured intracranial aneurysms in the elderly remains controversial. Treatment risks are thought to be higher in this group. Large series assessing endovascular treatment of unruptured intracranial aneurysms in the elderly are lacking. Our single center endovascular experience in treating unruptured intracranial aneurysms in the elderly is ...
Starko Karen M - - 2009
The high case-fatality rate--especially among young adults--during the 1918-1919 influenza pandemic is incompletely understood. Although late deaths showed bacterial pneumonia, early deaths exhibited extremely "wet," sometimes hemorrhagic lungs. The hypothesis presented herein is that aspirin contributed to the incidence and severity of viral pathology, bacterial infection, and death, because physicians ...
Fiorella D - - 2009
Endovascular techniques for the treatment of intracranial aneurysms have rapidly evolved over the past 15 years since the introduction and subsequent US Food and Drug administration approval of the Gugleilmi detachable coil. During this period, a number of different coil designs and adjunctive devices have been developed to facilitate the ...
Vitek J J - - 2009
Objective To correct the historical notion that permeates throughout the neurointerventional surgical literature that Dr Barney Brooks was the founder of the specialty. Material and methods Both articles written by Dr B Brooks and all pertinent literature dealing with neurointerventional treatment of the carotid-cavernous sinus fistula (CCSF) were reviewed. Results ...
Lichtenstein Daniel A - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The risk of pulmonary edema is the main limiting factor in fluid therapy in the critically ill. Interstitial edema is a subclinical step that precedes alveolar edema. This study assesses a bedside tool for detecting interstitial edema, lung ultrasound. The A-line is a horizontal artifact indicating a normal lung ...
Matsuoka Shin S Department of Radiology, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115, USA. - - 2010
Pulmonary vascular alteration is one of the characteristic features of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Recent studies suggest that vascular alteration is closely related to endothelial dysfunction and may be further influenced by emphysema. However, the relationship between morphological alteration of small pulmonary vessels and the extent of emphysema has ...
Fiorella D - - 2010
Introduction We present the use of the Pipeline embolization device (PED) to achieve reconstruction of the right anterior circulation in a patient with a dolichoectatic internal carotid artery (ICA) and middle cerebral artery (MCA) and an associated symptomatic, large, carotid-ophthalmic segment aneurysm. Clinical presentation A 36-year-old man presented with progressive ...
Fiorella D - - 2010
Introduction This report details experience with the Neuroform stent, with an emphasis on evolving treatment strategies, complication rates and treatment durability. Methods All patients undergoing Neuroform stent assisted aneurysm treatment were registered in prospectively maintained endovascular databases at two institutions. Results 284 patients with 302 aneurysms underwent aneurysm treatment with ...
Chong Semin - - 2009
Localized pulmonary edema in the right upper lobe has usually been reported in patients with mitral incompetence. Cardiac myxomas that involve the left atrium can cause elevated filling pressure with resultant bilateral or symmetric pulmonary edema. To our knowledge, however, a case of localized pulmonary edema associated with cardiac myxoma ...
Karamichalis John M - - 2009
Pericardial effusions with tamponade may present a clinical challenge in management for the cardiothoracic surgeon. We report a case of acute pulmonary edema secondary to the rapid release of a chronic traumatic pericardial effusion that resulted in the death of the patient.
Wang Shih-Min - - 2009
Enterovirus 71 (EV71) has emerged as a major cause of neurological threat in the world following the eradication of poliovirus. Most EV71 infections commonly result in hand-foot-mouth disease or herpangina, and some cases are associated with brainstem encephalitis and acute flaccid paralysis. Mortality was high in EV71 brainstem encephalitis complicated ...
Bedenice Daniela - - 2009
The estimation of fluid deficits in camelids is challenging. However, early recognition and treatment of shock and hypovolemia is instrumental to improve morbidity and mortality of critically ill camelids. Early goal-directed fluid therapy requires specific knowledge of clinical indicators of hypovolemia and assessment of resuscitation endpoints, but may significantly enhance ...
Kumar Jamuna - - 2009
We report a case of a 3-year-old boy who underwent an arterial switch operation with relief of left ventricular outflow tract obstruction and later presented with recurrent episodes of flash pulmonary edema. High-flow humidified oxygen with positive pressure support (Vapotherm) was used as a treatment modality, thereby avoiding intubation and ...
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