Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 1053
< 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 >
Bramow S - - 2008
We report a case of fatal neurogenic pulmonary edema in progressive multiple sclerosis (MS). The patient had one isolated relapse-like episode. Six years later progressive disease began, lasting 5 years until unexpected death during sleep. Medico-legal autopsy revealed pulmonary edema and neuropathological examination showed infiltrations with lymphocytes and microglia in ...
Mourani Peter M - - 2008
We report 2 infants with severe bronchopulmonary dysplasia in whom left ventricular diastolic dysfunction contributed to clinical abnormalities, including pulmonary hypertension and recurrent pulmonary edema. We speculate that close monitoring for left ventricular diastolic dysfunction may assist with clinical management and improve outcomes of infants with severe bronchopulmonary dysplasia.
Mjahed Khalid - - 2008
Accidental intra-arterial injection is a potentially devastating complication of the intragluteal injection of benzathine penicillin. A 35-year-old woman developed after intramuscular injection of benzathine penicillin G acute paraplegia and noncardiogenic pulmonary edema. Noninvasive positive pressure ventilation was initiated with furosemide and corticosteroids. A magnetic resonance imaging scan showed findings consistent ...
Bishay Ayman - - 2008
IV heroin use is associated with several well-described complications, including noncardiogenic pulmonary edema, aspiration pneumonitis, ARDS, pneumonia, lung abscess, septic pulmonary emboli, and atelectasis. Foreign-body granulomatosis may develop when drug users inject solutions containing crushed oral tablets in which talc is used as filler and can be complicated by pulmonary ...
Volpicelli Giovanni - - 2008
This review discusses the usefulness of bedside lung ultrasound in the diagnostic distinction between different causes of acute dyspnea in the emergency setting, particularly focusing on differential diagnosis of pulmonary edema and exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). This is possible using a simple unit and easy-to-acquire technique performed ...
Linér Mats H - - 2008
During an international breath-hold diving competition, 19 of the participating divers volunteered for the present study, aimed at elucidating possible symptoms and signs of pulmonary edema after deep dives. Measurements included dynamic spirometry and pulse oximetry, and chest auscultation was performed on those with the most severe symptoms. After deep ...
Stream Joshua O - - 2008
High-altitude pulmonary edema (HAPE) is a life-threatening noncardiogenic form of pulmonary edema (PE) that afflicts susceptible persons after rapid ascent to high altitude above 2500 m. Its pathogenesis is related to increased sympathetic tone, exaggerated hypoxic pulmonary vasoconstriction, uneven hypoxic pulmonary vasoconstriction with overperfusion of some regions of the pulmonary ...
Yağci Ayşe - - 2008
A 19-year-old woman was admitted with sudden severe pain and loss of light perception that began immediately after eyelid injection of the depot form of corticosteroid. Ecchymosis of the lower eyelid, corneal edema, and a fixed dilated pupil were noted. Fundus examination could not be performed because of corneal edema. ...
Ohmi Susumu - - 2008
A 75-year-old previously healthy man presented for elective resection of rectal cancer under general anesthesia. Six days before the operation, he had a high-grade fever, and elevated leukocyte count and C-reactive protein concentration, but this was resolved by an intravenous antibiotic. His condition was well controlled before the operation. Soon ...
Goli Anil K - - 2008
The transthoracic application of synchronized direct current cardioversion (DCC) is widely used to terminate atrial fibrillation, atrial flutter, and other supraventricular tachyarrhythmia. DCC is a highly effective method for acute restoration of sinus rhythm. Although DCC is a relatively safe and frequently performed procedure, data on potential side effects are ...
Maroun Lisa Leth - - 2008
Two early-2nd-trimester fetuses were aborted as a result of nuchal edema and suspected severe heart malformation. At autopsy one fetus demonstrated nuchal edema, mild hydronephrosis, and cor triatriatum dexter associated with ventricular septal defect and tubular hypoplasia of the aortic arch. The other fetus demonstrated severe nuchal edema, and cor ...
Levitt Joseph E - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: Distinguishing pulmonary edema due to acute lung injury (ALI) or the acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) from hydrostatic or cardiogenic edema is challenging in critically ill patients. B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) can effectively identify congestive heart failure in the emergency room setting but, despite increasing use, its diagnostic utility ...
Voga Gorazd - - 2008
The measurement of pulmonary artery occlusion pressure (PAOP) is important for estimation of left ventricular filling pressure and for distinction between cardiac and non-cardiac etiology of pulmonary edema. Clinical assessment of PAOP, which relies on physical signs of pulmonary congestion, is uncertain. Reliable PAOP measurement can be performed by pulmonary ...
Takahashi Masashi - - 2008
The term 'emphysema' is generally used in a morphological sense, and therefore imaging modalities have an important role in diagnosing this disease. In particular, high resolution computed tomography (HRCT) is a reliable tool for demonstrating the pathology of emphysema, even in subtle changes within secondary pulmonary lobules. Generally, pulmonary emphysema ...
Bernal Juan M - - 2007
Pericardiocentesis for therapeutic drainage of pericardial fluid may be associated with a variety of complications, including laceration of the right ventricle or coronary artery, arrhythmias, viscus perforation, hypotension, pneumothorax, adult respiratory distress syndrome and death. Hemodynamic derangements such as acute left ventricular failure, pulmonary edema and cardiogenic shock are infrequent ...
Lan Jheng-Yan - - 2007
Pulmonary edema is a rare complication in preeclampsia patients without pre-existing cardiac disease, tocolytic therapy, infection, or multiple gestations. We present a preeclamptic patient complicated by overwhelming pulmonary edema just prior to cesarean section and the massive edematous fluid production made it an exceptional challenge to the anesthesiologist on airway ...
Silverman Edwin K - - 2007
The impact of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) exacerbations on decline in FEV(1) has been a controversial topic for decades. We will review some of the key studies in this area and discuss potential contributors to inconsistent results of these studies. Dissecting the heterogeneous COPD syndrome into meaningful subtypes and ...
Sedý J - - 2008
Neurogenic pulmonary edema is a life-threatening complication, known for almost 100 years, but its etiopathogenesis is still not completely understood. This review summarizes current knowledge about the etiology and pathophysiology of neurogenic pulmonary edema. The roles of systemic sympathetic discharge, central nervous system trigger zones, intracranial pressure, inflammation and anesthesia ...
Chetan G - - 2007
Acute lupus pneumonitis in an 11-year-old girl with lupus nephritis is reported. Chest radiograph and arterial blood gas parameters were suggestive of Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ARDS). Definitive pulmonary infection was excluded by investigations and poor clinical response to antibiotics. The respiratory worsening warranted ventilatory support with very high pressures. ...
Grobbelaar Marie - - 2008
Chylothorax is a rare clinical entity characterized by a milky white aspirate with increased triglyceride levels. The commonest aetiology is malignancy and trauma. Pulmonary tuberculosis is an extremely rare cause of chylothorax. Two children with chylothorax and pulmonary tuberculosis are described. One child had bilateral and the other unilateral chylous ...
Lee Jen-Jyh - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was (a) to describe HRCT findings for pulmonary tuberculosis before and after treatment, and (b) to evaluate the possible use of HRCT to assess disease activity. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We prospectively studied 52 patients with newly diagnosed pulmonary tuberculosis that was proven bacteriologically. HRCT ...
Trujillo Maximo H - - 2007
A 79 year-old woman was admitted to our institution unconscious with pulmonary edema. She had been trapped by the neck in the electric sliding gate of her own home garage. A pulmonary artery catheter was inserted through the right internal jugular vein and her hemodynamic profile and chest x ray ...
Sedý J - - 2008
Neurogenic pulmonary edema is an acute life-threatening complication following central nervous system injury. The exact pathogenic mechanism leading to its development is still unclear. We introduce a new hypothesis that high levels of anesthesia might protect the organism against the development of neurogenic pulmonary edema due to a more pronounced ...
Sedý Jirí - - 2007
We describe a new model of neurogenic pulmonary edema in spinal cord injured Wistar male rats. The pulmonary edema was elicited by an epidural thoracic balloon compression spinal cord lesion, performed under a low concentration of isoflurane (1.5 or 2%) in air. Anesthesia with 1.5% isoflurane promoted very severe interstitial ...
Lam Paul K Y - - 2007
Improved hygiene and public awareness have led to a steady decline in the incidence of pulmonary tuberculosis in developed countries. Nonetheless, long-term sequelae like unilateral vocal fold paralysis should not be underestimated in a modern society. We report three patients with chronic lung fibrosis following pulmonary tuberculosis leading to unilateral ...
Cunha B A - - 2007
Reported here is a rare case of babesiosis with pulmonary complications followed by a review of the literature. Babesiosis presents clinically as a malaria-like illness with fever, chills, headache, fatigue with lymphopenia, atypical lymphocytes, mildly or transiently elevated serum transaminases, thrombocytopenia, and increased lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) levels. The diagnosis of ...
Kosmidou Ioanna - - 2008
Pulmonary edema is a life-threatening complication of critical illness. Identification of the underlying mechanisms of pulmonary edema is a prerequisite for the development of adequate treatment. The initial description of fluid transportation across capillaries (Starling's law) while of critical importance, did not provide full insight into the underlying pathophysiology of ...
Norzilawati M N - - 2007
A 21-year-old primigravida with previous history of pulmonary tuberculosis had a normal but assisted vaginal delivery after a prolonged second stage. Within 12 hours, she complained of dyspnoea and was found to have abnormal neck and anterior chest wall swelling. A diagnosis of subcutaneous emphysema was made and this was ...
Ho Ching-Cheng - - 2007
Cardiovascular instability is a common manifestation of spinal cord injury, especially if the upper thoracic or cervical spine is involved. Here we report a case of lower thoracic spinal tumor who developed acute pulmonary edema postoperatively at post-anesthesia room following surgery. This might be caused by injudicious fluid administration after ...
Fiorello Christine V CV Department of Small Animal Clinical Scienc es, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida 32610, USA. - - 2007
A free-ranging, adult male Florida panther (Puma concolor coryi) was immobilized and evaluated for hematuria following routine capture. Prior to anesthetic recovery, the panther was fitted with a telemetry collar. After an initially quiet recovery, the panther began thrashing in the transport cage, and was again immobilized. Pink foam was ...
Kuwamura Mitsuru - - 2007
A female adult bottlenose dolphin suddenly died at 17 days after the capture. Macroscopically, severe pulmonary congestive edema was found. Histopathology revealed many lungworms in the bronchioli and the worms were identified as Stenurus ovatus. Variously sized vessels proliferated around the lesioned bronchioli. Based on these findings, chronic bronchopneumonia due ...
Akkoca Yildiz Oznur - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of the radiological evidence of emphysema, and the extent of interstitial involvement, on lung function and pulmonary arterial pressure (PAP) in patients with coal workers' pneumoconiosis (CWP). METHODS: The records of 48 patients with suspected CWP were evaluated retrospectively. ...
Alvarez John M - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: Idiopathic postpneumonectomy pulmonary edema is a leading cause of mortality after pneumonectomy. Postoperative hyperinflation of the remaining lung is an etiologic factor. We have demonstrated avoidance of postpneumonectomy pulmonary edema solely by changing management of the pneumonectomy space to a balanced drainage system. In sheep, we tested the following ...
Sartori Claudio - - 2007
Pulmonary edema is a problem of major clinical importance resulting from a persistent imbalance between forces that drive water into the airspace of the lung and the biological mechanisms for its removal. Here, we will review the fundamental mechanisms implicated in the regulation of alveolar fluid homeostasis. We will then ...
Fremont Richard D - - 2007
Postobstructive pulmonary edema is a well-recognized complication of upper airway obstruction. The mechanisms of edema formation are unclear and may be due to increased hydrostatic forces generated by high negative inspiratory pressure or by increased permeability of the alveolar capillary membrane. Measurement of the edema fluid/plasma protein ratio and the ...
Behera Ganeshwar - - 2007
A patient with clinical diagnosis of pulmonary tuberculosis and right sided hydropneumothorax found to have fistulous connection of pleura with oesophagus as evidenced by upper GI endoscopy and intrapleural instillation of radio-opaque dye. He was managed with intercostal chest tube drainage, antibiotics, antitubercular regimen and nasogastric tube feeding, resulting in ...
Baumann Michael H - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Pleural tuberculosis (TB) should be considered in any patient with a lymphocytic pleural effusion. The diagnostic approach is under debate. Knowledge of pleural TB epidemiology would be beneficial. To help clarify pleural TB epidemiology, we analyzed US national TB surveillance data for 1993 to 2003. METHODS: We compared pleural ...
Hatta Kotaro - - 2007
A 68-year-old man was scheduled to receive 8 treatments of electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) for severe depression. He was being treated for long-standing asthma with a beta2 stimulant, clenbuterol hydrochloride, and had experienced no asthma attack for 9 years. Although he experienced no adverse consequence in his 7 treatments, pulmonary edema ...
Monnet Xavier - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To test whether assessing pulmonary permeability by transpulmonary thermodilution enables to differentiate increased permeability pulmonary edema (ALI/ARDS) from hydrostatic pulmonary edema. DESIGN: Retrospective review of cases. SETTING: A 24-bed medical intensive care unit of a university hospital. PATIENTS: Forty-eight critically ill patients ventilated for acute respiratory failure with bilateral ...
Proudfoot Alastair - - 2007
Acute pulmonary embolism (PE) is a common presentation on the acute medical take. In our previous article in Vol 6 issue 1 we discussed the diagnostic approach to this condition. This article concentrates on the treatment of PE, including guidance for treatment of PE in pregnancy and cancer. This article ...
Sekiya Kiyoshi - - 2007
We present a case of pleural effusion with encapsulation that was observed in the right thorax of a patient. PCR analysis of the patient's pleural effusion showed positivity for Mycobacterium tuberculosis. After six months, his chest CT showed the development of niveau and pulmonary consolidation. We definitively diagnosed him as ...
Thomassen Oyvind - - 2007
Headache is the cardinal symptom of acute mountain sickness (AMS). The headache normally worsens, with increased cerebral affection and the development of high-altitude cerebral edema (HACE). A Norwegian expedition aimed to climb Baruntse (7129 m) in Nepal in 2003. At 5400 m a 35-year-old man felt exhausted. The next day ...
Headley Carol M - - 2007
Flash pulmonary edema, also termed acute onset pulmonary edema, is characterized by the sudden onset of respiratory distress related to accumulation of fluid in the lung interstitium over a matter of minutes or hours. Chronic kidney disease is often associated with predisposing cardiac risk factors that make patients susceptible to ...
Conen Anna - - 2007
We report a case of ipsilateral reexpansion pulmonary edema occurring after the insertion of a chest tube in a patient with spontaneous pneumothorax. The patient received supplemental oxygen via a non-rebreather face mask to compensate for hypoxemia. 24 hours after the acute event, the patient recovered completely without residual hypoxemia. ...
Allemann Yves - - 2006
CONTEXT: Individuals susceptible to high-altitude pulmonary edema (HAPE) are characterized by exaggerated pulmonary hypertension and arterial hypoxemia at high altitude, but the underlying mechanism is incompletely understood. Anecdotal evidence suggests that shunting across a patent foramen ovale (PFO) may exacerbate hypoxemia in HAPE. OBJECTIVE: We hypothesized that PFO is more ...
Tuladhar Sampurna M - - 2006
We describe a case of a recurrent pericardial effusion after coronary artery bypass grafting. This was initially considered to be due to post-pericardiotomy syndrome, but was later treated empirically as tuberculosis. After definitive surgery for this condition, pericardial histology and immunohistochemistry confirmed the diagnosis of tubercular pericarditis. At 4-months follow-up, ...
Sato Masato - - 2006
We performed pulmonary thromboendarterectomy under deep hypothermic intermittent circulatory arrest in 18 patients with chronic pulmonary thromboembolism from August 2001 to January 2004. In some of these cases, reperfusion pulmonary edema prevented a satisfactory improvement in hemodynamic data soon after the surgery. Here we report two cases of chronic pulmonary ...
Gaca Jeffrey G - - 2006
BACKGROUND: In contrast to renal or cardiac xenografts, the inhibition of complement using cobra venom factor (CVF) accelerates pulmonary xenograft failure. By activating C3/C5 convertase, CVF depletes complement while additionally generating C5a and other anaphylatoxins, to which pulmonary xenografts may be uniquely susceptible. The current study investigates the role of ...
Matos Vítor - - 2006
In the last 20 years, studies on human identified skeletal collections have revealed a significant relationship between new bone formation on the visceral surface of ribs and pulmonary tuberculosis (TB). To improve methods of differential diagnosis of respiratory diseases in archaeological skeletons, an investigation was conducted on 197 individuals from ...
Schueller-Weidekamm Claudia - - 2006
PURPOSE: To investigate whether analysis of a washout curve of contrast material obtained with serial computed tomography (CT) enables differentiation between hydrostatic pulmonary edema and pulmonary edema caused by increased capillary permeability. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The institutional committee on animal experiments approved this study, which was performed in accordance with ...
< 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 >