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Terada Takafumi T Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Chukyo Hospital, Aichi, Japan - - 2014
Aortico-left ventricular tunnel (ALVT) is a rare congenital anomaly presenting abnormal connection between the ascending aorta and the left ventricle. In most reported cases, the aortic end of the tunnel is above the right coronary sinus. Cases of ALVT related to the left aortic sinus are extremely rare. We herein ...
Bader Vivian V Department of Pediatric cardiac surgery, Royal Hospital for Sick Children, Glasgow, Scotland, United - - 2014
Critical obstruction of the aorta presenting in the neonate typically occurs with aortic interruption or coarctation, following ductus arteriosus closure. Circumflex retroesophageal aortic arch is a rare aortic arch anomaly in which a right aortic arch continues as a retroesophageal component and descends on the left of the spine. Obstruction ...
Gupta Saurabh Kumar SK Department of Cardiology, AIIMS, New Delhi, India - - 2014
Sinusal origin of pulmonary arteries in a patient with common arterial trunk is rare. We report echocardiographic diagnosis of this uncommon variant of common arterial trunk in an infant wherein pulmonary artery segment arose from anterior aspect of right truncal sinus very close to the right coronary artery.
Mavroudis Constantine D CD Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA - - 2014
Right-sided aortic arch with an aberrant left subclavian artery is a rare aortic arch anomaly. Although usually asymptomatic, aneurysm formation, dissection, and rupture can occur due to the aberrant vasculature and can be life-threatening. Hybrid, endovascular techniques have been implemented in instances of elective repair of aneurysmal diverticula of Kommerell ...
Abtahi Amir M AM Department of Orthopaedics, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah, United - - 2014
Study Design Case report. Objective The objective of this study was to report a case of an unstable C1 burst fracture in the setting of a vertebral artery anomaly at the craniovertebral junction. Methods A 55-year-old man was admitted to the hospital with severe neck pain after falling approximately 15 feet and landing ...
Park Sang-Hee SH Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, Korea University Ansan Hospital, Ansan, - - 2014
Pediatric hypertensive crisis is a potentially life threatening medical emergency, usually secondary to an underlying disease. Hypertension commonly occurs during general anesthesia, and is usually promptly and appropriately treated by anesthesiologists. However in children with severe, unexplained, or refractory hypertension, it has the potential to cause morbidity and even mortality ...
Yang Xuefei X 1 Department of Surgery, The University of Hong Kong-Shenzhen Hospital, Shenzhen 518053, China ; 2 Department of Gastrointestinal Surgery, Shenzhen People's Hospital & Second Clinical Medical College of Jinan University, Shenzhen 518020, - - 2014
The immediate death rate for aortic rupture caused by pointed and sharp-edged instruments is very high; however, delayed aortic rupture following the trauma is rarely reported. A patient who had an upper abdominal stab wound was sent to our hospital, and an emergency exploratory laparotomy was performed. No traumatic aortic ...
Cherungottil Lakshmi L Aravind Eye Hospital and Post Graduate Institute of Ophthalmology, Madurai, Tamil Nadu, India. Electronic address: - - 2014
Isolated carotid artery agenesis is not generally recognized as a cause of congenital oculomotor nerve palsy. We report this rare association in 2 children and examine the underlying mechanism.
Amico Enio Campos EC Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte, Natal, Rio Grande do Norte State, - - 2014
Resection of the confluence of the superior mesenteric and portal veins has been performed most frequently in the treatment of adenocarcinoma of the pancreas, in view of the reported positive results, but it can also be used in cases of benign pancreatic neolpasias when they are strongly adhered to the ...
Aiyappan Senthil Kumar SK Associate Professor, Department of Radiodiagnosis and Imaging, Saveetha Medical College and Hospital , Thandalam, Kancheepuram, Tamilnadu, India - - 2014
Portal venous system aneurysm is a rare condition with very few reported cases in English literature. With the increasing availability of advanced imaging modalities like Doppler ultrasound, computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging, portal venous system aneurysms are being increasingly reported. Here, we report a rare case of multiple intrahepatic ...
Kuroki Takuma T Department of Neurology, Juntendo University School of Medicine, Tokyo, - - 2014
Autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) is the most common inherited renal cystic disease, and it is associated with various extrarenal manifestations, including vascular complications, such as intracranial aneurysms, and aortic root dilatation and aneurysms. However, intracranial arterial dissection has rarely been reported. We herein report the cases of 2 ...
Ahmad Tanveer T Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Sagar Hospital-DSI, Bangalore, India - - 2014
Coronary-cameral fistulas are rare cardiovascular anomalies. A giant coronary artery aneurysm associated with a coronary-cameral fistula is a very rare condition, with an estimated prevalence of 0.02%. We report the case of middle-aged woman who presented with a huge extracardiac aneurysmal mass and a coronary-cameral fistula from a right coronary ...
Thomas Krystin L KL Indiana University School of Medicine , Indianapolis, IN , - - 2014
We present the first report of a case of hemifacial spasm caused by an anomalous, enlarged branch of the ascending pharyngeal artery and treated with microvascular decompression. Clinicians must appreciate unusual causes of hemifacial spasm so that patients are not denied a curative operation due to atypical radiographic findings.
Ronchetti Gabriele G Department of Neurosurgery, University and Civil Hospital of Brescia, Brescia, - - 2014
Approximately 1 % of cases of intracranial subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) are caused by spinal vascular pathologies. Among them, isolated spinal artery aneurysms are uncommon and a limited number of cases have been reported in the literature. This is a report of two cases and review of the literature. Both patients presented ...
Karekezi C C Department of Neurosurgery, Mohamed Vth, University, School of Medicine, Hôpital des Spécialités, ONO CHU Ibn Sina, Rabat 10100, Morocco. Electronic address: - - 2014
Infundibular dilatations (IFDs) are conical, triangular, or funnel-shaped enlargements at the origin of cerebral arteries, and they are primarily located (7-25%) on the posterior communicating artery (PComA). Progression over time into a saccular aneurysm with a risk of rupture of a previously demonstrated IFD has rarely been reported. We report ...
Ichikawa Tamaki T Department of Radiology, Tokai University School of Medicine, 143 Shimokasuya, Isehara, Kanagawa, 259-1193, Japan, - - 2014
The renal arteries normally originate from the abdominal aorta between the first and second lumbar vertebrae. The main renal artery arising from the thoracic aorta is an uncommon anomaly. Here we report a rare case of a right renal artery originating above the celiac axis. A 38-year-old male underwent computed ...
Tang Xiujie X First Hospital of Tsinghua University, Beijing, - - 2014
Persistent fifth aortic arch (PFAA) is one of the rarest congenital anomalies. We report a seven-month-old male with PFAA with upper arch interruption and lower arch coarctation diagnosed by echocardiogram and multidetector computed tomography.
Kordzadeh Ali A Department of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery, Mid Essex Hospitals Services NHS Trust, Essex - - - 2014
The purpose of this study is to investigate the pathogenesis, presentation and diagnosis of donor artery aneurysm formation following arteriovenous fistula (AVF) ligation and reach a consensus on their management. A systematic review of literature in Ovid, MedLine, Embase, Scopus and CINHAL in the English language from 1951 to 2014 ...
Lo Priore Elia E Innere Medizin, Ospedale Regionale di Lugano, sede Civico, - - 2014
We report the case of a 75-years-old man who diagnosed with severe pulmonary hypertension, associated with interstitial lung disease characterized by a rapid and fatal outcome. Autopsy showed the presence of a signet-ring cell gastric carcinoma associated with pulmonary tumour embolism and pulmonary tumour thrombotic microangiopathy. Clinical features, diagnostics, therapy ...
Galabada Dinith P - - 2014
We report the case of a 45-year-old chronic smoker who presented with acute paraplegia occurring during coitus and subsequently developed acute renal failure (ARF) requiring dialysis. He had absent peripheral pulses in the lower limbs with evidence of acute ischemia. Doppler study showed dissecting aneurysm of thoracic aorta, thrombotic occlusion ...
Raju Vijayakumar V Division of Cardiovascular Surgery, Mayo Clinic and Foundation, Rochester, - - 2014
Congenital mitral valve regurgitation (CMR) is very uncommon in adults and is usually associated with other congenital malformations. Repair of the mitral valve remains the standard of care. Very limited reports are available on minimally invasive surgical approaches in treating CMR. This report represents the first case series of the ...
Hernandez Joel J University Hospital La Paz, Paseo de la Castellana, 261, Madrid Spain 28046. - - 2014
We report the treatment of three severely underexpanded freshly deployed stent layers in the proximal left anterior descending artery, despite 24 atm inflation pressure, due to heavily calcified plaque. Rotational atherectomy, using a high rpm and a stepped burr strategy, successfully ablated the stent layers and the protruding calcified plaque. ...
Nikparvar Marzieh M Cardiovascular Research Center, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Bandar Abbas, - - 2014
Percutaneous pulmonary balloon valvuloplasty (PBV) remains the treatment of choice for pulmonary stenosis (PS). This procedure is effective, safe and gives excellent results. Pulmonary artery (PA) dissection is a rare complication of PBV. This report is a case of an asymptomatic 17-year-old male with a history of PBV due to ...
Sahoo Ranjan Kumar RK Deaprtment of Radiodiagnosis, IMS and SUM Hospital, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, - - 2014
Portal vein branching anomaly occurs due to aberration of normal anastomotic patterns and involution of vitelline veins during development of portal vein. Anatomical knowledge of portal vein and its branching pattern is important for hepatobiliary surgeon and gastrointestinal intervention radiologist. We are reporting a case of absence of portal vein ...
Matsuda Brent B University of Hawai'i, John A. Burns School of Medicine, Honolulu, - - 2014
Mycotic aortic aneurysm associated with suppurative pericardial effusion is a rare and serious clinical phenomenon that is linked with significant morbidity and mortality. We report a case of a 78-year-old man who presented with purulent pericardial effusion with tamponade physiology in association with a progressively enlarging, transverse aortic arch, mycotic ...
Jang Suyoung S Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Chonnam National University Medical School, Gwangju, - - 2014
Behçet's disease (BD) is a multisystem vascular inflammatory disease. BD can affect blood vessels of nearly all sizes and types. Arterial involvement is a rare but serious condition in the course of BD. Here, we report a case of stenosis at the iliac artery bifurcation which was treated with percutaneous ...
Munjewar Chandrashekhar Bhimrao CB Department of Cardiology, Bombay Hospital Institute of Medical Sciences, Mumbai, Maharashtra, - - 2014
We report a case of left sinus of Valsalva aneurysm rupture into main pulmonary artery who underwent successful surgical correction. The preoperative diagnosis was facilitated by echocardiography, cardiac catheterization, and computed tomography. The benefits of surgery are sustained at 8 months on clinical and angiographic follow-up.
Yarrabolu Tharakanatha R TR Department of Pediatrics, Division of Pediatrics Cardiology, University of Texas at Houston Medical School and Children's Memorial Hermann Hospital, Houston, Texas, - - 2014
Echocardiography is an important first-line investigation for detection of anomalous origin of a coronary artery from the pulmonary artery (ALCAPA). We report two cases of ALCAPA that illustrate the importance of systematic performance of the echocardiogram, mindful of technical artifacts that may mislead the echocardiographer color Doppler imaging in diagnosis ...
Sundaram Ponnusamy Shunmuga PS Department of Cardiology, Sree Chitra Tirunal Institute for Medical Sciences and Technology, Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala, - - 2014
A 22-year-old lady was referred to our institute for the management of pulmonary atresia with hypoplastic pulmonary arteries. Computed tomographic Angiography (CTA) showed right aortic arch with left brachicephalic artery as the first branch, which trifurcated into internal carotid, external carotid and subclavian artery high up in the neck at ...
Park Junhee J Department of Neurosurgery, Ajou University School of Medicine, Suwon, - - 2014
Cervicogenic vertigo was known as Bow hunter's syndrome. Occlusion of vertebral artery causes vertebrobasilar insufficiency and we reported cervicogenic vertigo case which was treated by simple decompression of transverse foramen of C1. The patient was 48 years old female who had left side dominant vertebral artery and vertigo was provoked ...
Oztürk Erkut E Department of Pediatric Cardiology, Istanbul Mehmet Akif Ersoy Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery Training and Research Hospital, Ä°stanbul, Turkey. - - 2014
Anatomically corrected malposition of the great arteries (ACMGA) is defined as parallel arising of aorta and main pulmonary artery (PA) roots although ventriculoarterial connection is normal. Abnormally related aorta arises from the left ventricle, while abnormally related PA arises from the right ventricle. It can be diagnosed with via echocardiography. ...
Gupta N N Department of Anatomy, - - 2014
Literatures on vasculature of upper limbs are crammed with reports of distinctly deviant version of normally prevalent vessels having modified origins, altered branching and odd courses. A unique anatomical variation in vascular pattern was observed during routine dissection of right upper limb in gross anatomy laboratory, AIIMS, New Delhi, India. ...
Baek Jin Wook JW Department of Neurosurgery, Armed Forces Hospital, Yangju, - - 2014
The etiologies of intracranial artery dissection are various, the exogenous as well as inherited connective tissue disorders. We report on a patient who presented with diffuse subarachnoid hemorrhage who had been suffered from essential thrombocythemia. He was diagnosed to multiple dissecting aneurysms of left superior cerebellar artery, left posterior inferior ...
Farah Fahmi J - - 2014
PRIMARY MALIGNANT CARDIAC LYMPHOMAS ASSOCIATED WITH GRAFTS ARE EXTREMELY RARE: to our knowledge, only 6 cases of prosthesis-associated B-cell lymphoma have been reported. Ours is the first report of recurrent diffuse large B-cell lymphoma associated with aortic valve allografts. We treated a 60-year-old man who presented in early 2007 with ...
Okano Nanami N Department of Diagnostic Radiology, Saitama Medical University International Medical Center, 1397-1 Yamane, Hidaka, Saitama, 350-1298, Japan, - - 2014
Anastomosis of the carotid-anterior cerebral artery (ACA) is a rare anomalous vessel that arises from the internal carotid artery (ICA) at the level of the ophthalmic artery and takes an infraoptic and prechiasmatic path to anastomose with the ACA. It has known right-sided predominance. We report the case of an ...
Alokaili Riyadh Nasser RN Department of Medical Imaging, King AbdulAziz Medical City National Guards Health; Riyadh, Saudi Arabia - - - 2014
We describe the case of a 44-year old man with a ruptured wide-necked non-origin aneurysm of the posterior inferior cerebellar artery successfully treated with placement of a low porosity stent. To our knowledge, there are no cases in the literature of a non-origin posterior inferior cerebellar artery aneurysm treated with ...
Murugan Madhan Kumar MK Department of Cardiac Radiology, Cardiothoracic Sciences center, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi 110029, - - 2014
Criss cross pulmonary arteries is a rare entity characterized by classic malposition of pulmonary arteries. It may be associated with other conotruncal malformations and genetic syndromes. This report describes a case of crisscross pulmonary arteries associated with anomalous pulmonary venous return, an association which has never been reported before in ...
Pandey Deeksha - - 2014
We report first time in English literature, case of an unusual branch of right external iliac artery in a 75 year old patient during laparoscopic staging for endometrial adenocarcinoma. Awareness of this variation in branching might be useful during pelvic lymphadenectomy.
Rammeloo L A J LA Department of Pediatric Cardiology, VU University Medical Center, De Boelelaan 1117, P.O. 7057, 1007MB, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, - - 2014
The degree of right ventricular outflow tract obstruction, pulmonary stenosis (PS) and the development of major aorto-pulmonary collateral arteries (MAPCAs) in patients with tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) is related to clinical outcome. Vegf120/120 mutant mouse embryos develop TOF with various degrees of PS, comparable to humans. We aimed to study ...
Cockburn James J Royal North Shore Hospital, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia. Electronic address: - - 2014
Spontaneous coronary artery dissection (SCAD) is an uncommon cause of acute coronary syndromes. We report the first case, to our knowledge, of SCAD in an active fit man. We treated this patient with novel bioresorbable vascular scaffold, guided by optical coherence tomography.
Reinders Sjoerd S Department of Cardiology, VU Medical Hospital, Amsterdam, The Netherlands. Electronic address: - - 2014
Coronary artery fistulae are rare congenital or acquired connections between the coronary vessels and the cardiac chambers or other vascular structures. We report a case of a woman with mitral valve endocarditis and multiple pulmonary septic emboli. Transesophageal echocardiography revealed a tortuous coronary fistula as the pathway for the septic ...
Jadhwani Jaipal J Holy Family Hospital, Mumbai, - - 2014
We report a case of giant aneurysm of left main coronary artery in a patient with coronary artery disease (CAD).
Mohanty Subhendu S Assistant Professor, Department of Cardiology, GB Pant Hospital and Associated Maulana Azad Medical College, Delhi 110002, India. Electronic address: - - 2014
Balloon pulmonary valvotomy is the preferred mode of treatment in patients with isolated pulmonary valvar stenosis and has shown good long term results. It is generally considered a safe procedure with few complications. There have been however, case reports of potentially fatal acute severe pulmonary edema occurring after the procedure ...
Kurir Tina Ticinović - - 2014
Renal artery embolism is a disease that is easily missed due to its infrequent and nonspecific presentations. Although early diagnosis and optimal thrombolytic treatment can sometimes restore renal function, therapeutic guidelines have not yet been established. However, early anticoagulant therapy is beneficial and selective infusion of lytic agents into renal ...
Lee Eun Joo EJ Department of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, Seoul National University Bundang Hospital, Seoul National University College of Medicine, - - 2014
Popliteal artery entrapment syndrome (PAES) is a non-artherosclerotic cause of claudication and acute ischemia of the legs in young athletic individuals. It is classified in terms of the abnormal anatomical relationship between the popliteal artery and surrounding structures. All types of PAES have the same pathophysiology. Repetitive arterial compression by ...
Khang N C NC Hospital Kuala Lumpur, Vascular & General Surgery, Jalan Pahang, Kuala Lumpur, Wilayah Persekutuan 50586, Malaysia. - - 2014
deep venous thrombosis (dVT) in lower limbs caused by abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) is rare. A combination of anatomical obstruction with surrounding inflammatory tissue and reduced blood flow in venous limb were probably the main reasons for the occurrence of the dVT. we report a case of infra-renal AAA presented ...
Chai Qiang Q Division of Cardiovascular Diseases, Department of Internal Medicine, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN, 55905, USA, - - 2014
Hydrogen sulfide has emerged as an important endothelium-dependent vasodilator, but its role in shear stress-mediated dilation of coronary arteries is unclear. We examined the role of H2S on shear stress-mediated dilation of isolated mouse coronary arteries. In these vessels, Na2S produced concentration-dependent dilation, which was significantly inhibited by iberiotoxin and ...
Smeets Christophe J P - - 2014
The case is reported of a 38-year-old male patient with pulmonary homograft acute infective endocarditis and aortic root dilation that occurred 13 years after a Ross procedure for bicuspid aortic valve regurgitation. Aortic and pulmonary root replacements were performed, using a Freestyle stentless aortic root bioprosthesis in both cases, with ...
Doweidar Ahmed A Department of Clinical Radiology, Al-Razi hospital, Kuwait, - - 2014
Vertebral artery loop formation is a rare anatomical variant capable of causing bony erosion, encroachment on cervical neural foramen, neurovascular compression, or vertebrobasilar insufficiency. Health professionals should keep the diagnosis of vertebral artery loop formation in mind, especially when the plain radiograph of the cervical spine shows enlargement of the ...
Liang Shi S Department of Histology and Embryology, Shanxi Medical University, 56 Xin Jian Nan Road, Taiyuan, 030001, Shanxi, - - 2014
The second heart field (SHF), foregut endoderm and sonic hedgehog (SHH) signaling pathway are all reported to associate with normal morphogenesis and septation of outflow tract (OFT). However, the morphological relationships of the development of foregut endoderm and expression of SHH signaling pathway members with the development of surrounding SHF ...
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