Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 1054
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Yuki Atsuko - - 2004
We report a 29-year-old man with a rare left lumbar subcutaneous cold abscess complicated by tuberculous spondylitis during the treatment of pulmonary tuberculosis. Pulmonary tuberculosis was rapidly improved by anti-tuberculous drugs, however curative operation for tuberculous spondylitis was necessary after 18 months because tuberculous spondylitis was overlooked. Imaging techniques are ...
Lee-Chiong Teofilo T - - 2004
Noncardiogenic pulmonary edema, and, to a lesser extent, acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), are common clinical manifestations of drug-induced lung diseases. Clinical features and radiographic appearances are generally indistinguishable from other causes of pulmonary edema and ARDS. Typical manifestations include dyspnea, chest discomfort, tachypnea, and hypoxemia. Chest radiographs commonly reveal ...
Imaz María Susana - - 2004
Pathozyme-Myco G (Myco G), M, A, and TB complex plus (Omega Diagnostics Ltd., Alloa, Scotland) were evaluated for the serological diagnosis of pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) in an Argentinean population. Sera from 58 patients with pulmonary TB, 24 subjects with pulmonary mycobacteriosis or mycoses (pulmonary MM group), and 45 subjects with ...
Terra Filho Mário - - 2004
CONTEXT: Brazilian researchers have recently recognized a marked increase in the number of people using abusable drugs and the consequences of this habit. It has become a major public health problem in a potentially productive segment of the general population. In the last few years, several medical articles have given ...
Peng Yi-Jen - - 2004
Uterine leiomyosarcoma is an uncommon malignant neoplasm that frequently metastasizes through the bloodstream to distant organs such as the lung, bone, and brain. We report on and discuss a patient who had sudden onset of acute heart failure with pulmonary edema and bilateral pleural effusions, resulting from a high-grade uterine ...
Kaner Robert J - - 2004
Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is a potent mediator of capillary leak if it gains access to its receptors on the capillary endothelium. We have observed that there are high levels of VEGF compartmentalized in the alveolar epithelial lining fluid of normal humans at levels 500-fold greater than plasma. The ...
Brewer Randall P - - 2004
Neurogenic pulmonary edema (NPE) is a well-known complication of acute brain injury. Neurogenic stunned myocardium (NSM) occurs clinically in a significant subset of patients with NPE. A 49-year-old woman developed refractory cerebral vasospasm requiring angioplasty following a subarachnoid hemorrhage. During angioplasty, NPE with NSM manifested as acute pulmonary edema associated ...
Schoene Robert B - - 2004
During the last decade, major advances in the understanding of the mechanism of high altitude pulmonary edema (HAPE) have supplemented the landmark work done in the previous 30 years. A brief review of the earlier studies will be described, which will then be followed by a more complete treatise on ...
Tiwari Vandana - - 2003
As isolation of Mycobacterium tuberculosis in culture requires a long time, there is a need for simple rapid method for direct detection of M. tuberculosis from clinical specimens. Amplified nucleic acid hybridization assays such as polymerase chain reaction (PCR) have shown promising results. In the present study, the sensitivity of ...
Rollán María Jesús - - 2003
Direct cardioversion used in the treatment of various cardiac arrhythmias is a highly effective and simple procedure with infrequent complications. An uncommon complication is the occurrence of pulmonary edema. This report describes a 68-year-old woman with normal coronary arteries who experienced pulmonary edema following cardioversion secondary to myocardial injury demonstrated ...
Schultz H - - 2003
A 54-year old Wegener's granulomatosis patient with PR3-ANCA at diagnosis 2 years ago was admitted with a pulmonary relapse and new subglottic stenosis preceded by pulmonary infections. The patient presented with bactericidal/permeability increasing protein (BPI)-ANCA in ELISA whereas at the same time PR3-ANCA had disappeared. Bronchoalveolar lavage revealed pulmonary infection ...
Shupak Avi - - 2003
Acute pulmonary edema may be induced by diving and strenuous swimming. We report the case of a diver using closed-circuit, scuba equipment who developed acute dyspnea, hemoptysis, and hypoxemia following a dive in 18 degreesC (64.4 degrees F) water and physical exertion during the swim back to shore. With the ...
Tarrac Shauna Ely - - 2003
Negative pressure pulmonary edema (also known as postobstructive pulmonary edema) is one form of noncardiogenic pulmonary edema that can occur following any general anesthetic in which the patient was intubated. This complication can be severe, resulting in death if not diagnosed and treated promptly. This review explains the cause, incidence, ...
Cerfolio Robert J - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Postpneumonectomy pulmonary edema and pneumonia are life threatening and seemingly unavoidable complications after pneumonectomy. We theorized that an intraoperative dose of intravenous steroids (as a prophylactic measure to reduce pulmonary injury to the remaining lung) just before pulmonary artery ligation might decrease this problem. METHODS: Seventy-two patients (52 men) ...
Aduen Javier F - - 2003
We investigated the clinical significance of time of onset, duration, and type of pulmonary edema after orthotopic liver transplantation by retrospectively reviewing 93 consecutive recipients. Pulmonary edema was diagnosed by means of radiographic criteria and Pao(2)/Fio(2) ratio <300. Type was identified by pulmonary artery wedge pressure (hydrostatic, >18 mm Hg; ...
Read Matt R - - 2003
Alpha2 agonists are commonly used in combination with other anesthetic agents to chemically immobilize wildlife and may cause potentially serious hypoxemia in wild ruminants. In some domestic ruminants, they are associated with significant changes to the pulmonary parenchyma, increased venous admixture, pulmonary edema, and hypoxemia. Effective and safe immobilization of ...
Wang Y H - - 2003
SETTING: A 2500-bed medical centre in southern Taiwan. OBJECTIVE: To study the clinical value of high-resolution computed tomography (HRCT) in predicting the activity of pulmonary tuberculosis (TB). DESIGN: HRCTs were performed prospectively in 148 patients whose chest radiographs (CXRs) showed highly suspicious signs of pulmonary TB, predominantly upper lung field ...
De Pasquale Carmine G - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether acute cardiogenic pulmonary edema is associated with damage to the alveolocapillary barrier, as evidenced by increased leakage of surfactant specific proteins into the circulation, to document the duration of alveolocapillary barrier damage in this setting, and to explore the role of pulmonary parenchymal inflammation by determining ...
Haneda Kiyoshi - - 2003
Persistent pleural effusion developed in an 81-year-old man with acute pulmonary edema due to myocardial dysfunction. Daily chest tube drainage was 1,000 to 1,400 mL. Despite total parenteral nutrition and albumin supplementation, drainage did not decrease. However, continuous infusion of a somatostatin analog was effective in controlling the effusion.
Gensini Gian Franco - - 2003
Acute pulmonary edema, a potentially fatal clinical condition, represents a serious complication of so-called "Acute mountain sickness". The overt clinical picture of high altitude pulmonary edema (HAPE) includes clinical signs, serious hypoxemia, pulmonary hypertension, and alveolar edema on chest radiography. The first case of HAPE, documented by postmortem, is probably ...
Lund Keri L - - 2003
Pulmonary edema of water immersion, which is not associated with aspiration or a closed glottis, is infrequently described in the literature. Swimming-induced pulmonary edema is a syndrome whose pathophysiologic characteristics have not been fully elucidated. Immersion alone has marked effects on central vascular volume, redistribution of pulmonary blood flow, and ...
L'Her Erwan - - 2003
Acute cardiogenic pulmonary edema is a frequent life-threatening emergency. During the last 10 years, increasing attention has focused on the use of noninvasive ventilation to treat patients with various forms of acute respiratory failure. Numerous physiologic data and clinical studies support the use of noninvasive ventilation during cardiogenic pulmonary edema. ...
Pilla Carlo B - - 2003
A 7-month-old boy who was status post-bidirectional Glenn shunt implantation with residual ventricular flow to the pulmonary arteries (PA) presented with massive edema of the head and systemic desaturation soon after surgery. After test occlusion, an Amplatzer duct occluder was implanted at the PA banding site with subsequent decrease in ...
Maggiorini Marco - - 2003
The purpose of this review is to find the evidence that a disproportionate pulmonary vasoconstriction persisting for days, weeks and years during residence at high altitude is the common pathophysiologic mechanism of high altitude pulmonary edema (HAPE), subacute mountain sickness and chronic mountain sickness. A recent finding in early HAPE ...
Neiffer Donald L - - 2002
Two adult North American river otters (Lontra canadensis) and an adult red panda (Ailurus fulgens fulgens) at three separate institutions died within 22 hr after receiving single 2.5- to 2.7-mg/kg doses of melarsomine dihydrochloride administered in the epaxial musculature as a treatment for filarid nematodes. One otter had a suspected ...
Levin David L - - 2002
Although the radiographic appearance of pulmonary MAC infection in the immunocompetent host can be varied, there are several generalizations that can be made. The classic radiographic appearance is indistinguishable from that of pulmonary tuberculosis. The classic form is seen most commonly in males and is typically associated with other predisposing ...
Sendo Toshiaki - - 2002
The effects of carbazochrome sodium sulfonate (AC-17), a capillary stabilizer, on pulmonary edema and dysfunction induced by ioxaglate, an ionic radiographic contrast medium, were evaluated in rats. The pulmonary edema was evaluated by the extravasation of intravenously injected Evans blue into lung tissues, while pulmonary dysfunction was determined by monitoring ...
Ieki Yoshiaki - - 2002
PURPOSE: Visual prognosis after retinal vein occlusion varies, because it may be affected by macular edema or an avascular area. The mechanism describing how macular edema and avascular areas occur, however, has not been clearly understood. We induced macular edema in cynomolgus monkeys by occluding macular venules to evaluate the ...
Kleinsasser Axel - - 2002
High-altitude pulmonary edema reflects a potentially life-threatening condition affecting susceptible persons in the second night after ascent to altitudes above 2500 m. Currently, nifedipine is the only pharmacological intervention approved for both, prevention and treatment of high-altitude pulmonary edema. We evaluated the application of the phosphodiesterase-V inhibitor sildenafil combined with ...
Schuster Daniel P - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: Current entry rules for clinical trials of acute lung injury (ALI) depend on clinical criteria and arterial blood gas measurements. The objective of this study was to determine whether estimates of pulmonary vascular permeability could be used to more accurately identify patients with ALI for this purpose. DESIGN AND ...
Shewchuk Jason R - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Postprimary pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) is not commonly seen in children. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine the radiographic findings and patient characteristics of pediatric postprimary pulmonary TB. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We reviewed the clinical charts and chest radiographs in six patients. RESULTS: The radiographic findings of ...
Schuster Daniel P - - 2002
Redistribution of pulmonary blood flow (PBF) away from edematous regions of the lung is characteristic of experimental acute lung injury (ALI), helping to preserve ventilation-perfusion matching and gas exchange. The purpose of this study was to determine if such perfusion redistribution occurs in acute pulmonary edema in humans. METHODS: We ...
Choi Hyun-Suk - - 2002
Information regarding pulmonary edema in obstetric patients is limited, especially its natural history as most cases are from tertiary care centers. The incidence, etiology, and course of pulmonary edema in all obstetric patients at a primary-secondary care center was studied prospectively among 29,621 obstetric cases in the past 3.5 years. ...
Wang Jong-Shyan - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To investigate peripheral circulatory function and its underlying mechanisms in the paretic upper extremity after a stroke. DESIGN: Case-control study. SETTING: A department of physical medicine and rehabilitation in Taiwan. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 53 hemiplegic patients (28 men, 25 women; mean age +/- standard deviation; 58.2+/-3.8y) were studied. ...
Krasnov Igor - - 2002
Antiorthostatic position of rats during 93-days' tail suspension induced in the brain strongly pronounced edema of nervous tissue, alteration of structure in horoid plexus, pointing out the decrease in liquor secretion by exocytosis and increase in itraventricular pressure, morphological changes in veins and capillaries, reflecting the development of plethora in ...
Krantz Mori J - - 2002
Quinine sulfate, which has been available for many years, has not been implicated definitively in the development of pulmonary toxicity. A variety of adverse effects, however, have been reported with quinine administration. A 45-year-old woman with longstanding rheumatoid arthritis experienced wheezing, severe anxiety, breathlessness, cough, orthopnea, mild fever, chills, and ...
Tan H C - - 2002
Pulmonary edema following reexpansion of spontaneous pneumothorax is an uncommon complication. The underlying mechanism of this condition is unclear. We report the hemodynamic characteristics in a series of 7 male patients with spontaneous large (>50%) pneumothoraces of > or = 24 h and correlate the changes with reexpansion pulmonary edema ...
Yamaya Metstuo - - 2002
The number of senile patients with therapy resistant bronchial asthma, chronic pulmonary emphysema increases due to the habit of smoking and increased number of older people, and these inflammatory pulmonary diseases are the leading causes of death worldwide. Rhinoviruses cause the majority of common colds, and provoke exacerbations of bronchial ...
Sartori Claudio - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Pulmonary edema results from a persistent imbalance between forces that drive water into the air space and the physiologic mechanisms that remove it. Among the latter, the absorption of liquid driven by active alveolar transepithelial sodium transport has an important role; a defect of this mechanism may predispose patients ...
Stephens Julie A - - 2002
A 4-month-old, intact female schipperke was presented for evaluation and treatment of subcutaneous (SC) emphysema. Radiographs revealed pneumomediastinum and SC emphysema. Sequential radiographs confirmed a worsening of the SC emphysema. Extensive, nonsurgical evaluation failed to reveal the source of the air within the mediastinum. Exploratory thoracotomy revealed an emphysematous right ...
Ely E Wesley - - 2002
Due to concerns about the efficacy and safety of using pulmonary artery catheterization to evaluate hemodynamic status, noninvasive diagnostic testing has gained increased importance. This article focuses on both the supportive evidence and the limitations of applying the vascular pedicle width (VPW), which is the mediastinal silhouette of the great ...
Csókay András - - 2002
Decompressive craniectomy with durotomy, is possible as a last resort therapy for severe traumatic brain swelling. Although the method successfully diminishes the ICP, partial or total vascular insufficiency occurs in the herniated part of the brain. The actual cause of the insufficiency is most likely due to the compression of ...
Macleod A D - - 2002
Neurogenic pulmonary edema may be a complication of the terminal phase of cerebral tumors. Clinically, it is likely to be considered the "death rattle" and is likewise very distressing to attending relatives. Positional change tends to aggravate neurogenic pulmonary edema but not the "death rattle." Its occurrence may be an ...
Saurborn Daniel P - - 2002
Pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) is the major opportunistic infection of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) on a worldwide basis. The purpose of this pictorial essay is to illustrate and review the spectrum of imaging findings associated with pulmonary TB in patients with AIDS and to describe important factors that may complicate the ...
Slade J B JB - - 2001
Acute pulmonary edema has been associated with cold-water immersion in swimmers and divers. We report on eight divers using a self-contained underwater breathing apparatus (scuba) who developed acute pulmonary edema manifested by dyspnea, hypoxemia, and characteristic chest radiographic findings. All cases occurred in cold water. All scuba divers were treated ...
Singh B - - 2001
To examine the effect of hyperinflation on the volume displaced by diaphragm motion (DeltaVdi), we compared nine subjects with emphysema and severe hyperinflation [residual volume (RV)/total lung capacity (TLC) 0.65 +/- 0.08; mean +/- SD] with 10 healthy controls. Posteroanterior and lateral chest X rays at RV, functional residual capacity, ...
Rosen T - - 2001
BACKGROUND: The incidence of hydatiform moles in the United States is approximately 1 in 1,200 pregnancies. Acute respiratory insufficiency is a known complication of molar pregnancies, occurring in 8-11%. While there have been numerous case reports and retrospective studies describing respiratory complications following evacuation of hydatiform moles, only a limited ...
Cruz-Flores S - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Intravenous thrombolysis with tissue plasminogen activator is an approved and effective therapy for acute ischemic stroke within the first 3 hours from onset. In addition to the risk of hemorrhage, there is a risk of postrecanalization cerebral edema. The authors present the case of a patient with an ischemic ...
Pyeron A M - - 2001
Neurogenic pulmonary edema (NPE) is a potential complication of a central nervous system (CNS) insult such as intracranial hemorrhage, uncontrolled generalized seizures, head trauma, tumors, and neurosurgical procedures. The proposed etiology is massive sympathetic discharge following a CNS event. The pathogenesis is not completely understood. However, there are two theories ...
Sow Nam Y - - 2001
Negative pressure pulmonary edema due to upper airway obstruction following extubation is a well-recognized problem. However, frank pulmonary hemorrhage as a manifestation of upper airway obstruction is uncommon. We report a case of significant pulmonary hemorrhage and negative pressure pulmonary edema in an intubated patient. Bronchoscopy showed a collection of ...
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