Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 1079
< 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 >
Castañer Eva - - 2005
Central bronchi and pulmonary arteries are surrounded and enveloped by a strong connective-tissue sheath termed the peribronchovascular interstitium, extending from the level of the pulmonary hila into the peripheral lung. Thickening of the peribronchovascular interstitium can be seen in a wide variety of diseases. The CT appearance can be smooth, ...
Takashima Mototsugu - - 2005
We describe a patient who had a metastatic gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST) after previous failed extensive therapy, including multiple surgeries and hepatic artery embolization. Within a few months of starting administration of imatinib mesylate, the patient exhibited a clinical response with grade 3 neutropenia, when pulmonary tuberculosis developed. A c-kit ...
Nguyen V A - - 2005
Pulmonary capillaritis and alveolar hemorrhage are rare yet serious and life threatening complications of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Pulmonary manifestations of antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) are similar and include, apart from pulmonary embolism and pulmonary hypertension, pulmonary capillaritis, diffuse alveolar hemorrhage and respiratory insufficiency in patients with catastrophic APS. Herein, we ...
Gon?alves Victor - - 2005
The neurogenic pulmonary edema is a rare clinical situation caused by an imbalance characterized by an excessive sympathetic outflow. It is observed mostly in young patients, is associated with brain or spinal cord haemorrhage, trauma, tumours or infections and is usually fatal. A case of neurogenic pulmonary edema in a ...
Miragliotta Giuseppe - - 2005
BDProbeTec ET (Becton Dickinson, Sparks, Md, USA) is a fully automated walkaway system based on strand displacement amplification (SDA) technology that provides a method for the direct detection of Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex (MTBC) target sequence. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the ability of BDProbeTec ET system to ...
Ulger A Füsun - - 2005
The pathophysiology of upper-airway obstruction (UAO) is complex. Possible causes of UAO that may lead to acute respiratory failure, are as follows: infections like acute epiglottitis and croup, obstructing tumors in the base of the tongue, larynx or hypopharynx, aspirated food or liquid contents, obesity and anatomical variations. Management changes ...
Johnsen N L - - 2005
SETTING: Municipalities of Baerum and Oslo, Norway. OBJECTIVES: To examine the effectiveness of tuberculosis (TB) screening in asylum seekers 1987-1995, and to describe TB incidence rates after arrival. DESIGN: Register-based, retrospective cohort study of 19912 asylum seekers with a mean follow-up of 6.3 years. RESULTS: Seventy-six persons were diagnosed with ...
Schmiedl Andreas - - 2005
The periarterial space has recently been described and its physiological and pathophysiological role during inflammatory and allergic reactions has been reviewed. The present studies used a light-/electron-microscopic approach to characterize the periarterial space in an asthma model in Brown Norway rats. After repeated sensitization with ovalbumin and heat-killed Bordetella pertussis ...
Huttner Hagen B - - 2005
We report a patient with severe ethylene glycol poisoning initially mimicking acute basilar artery occlusion and elucidate the importance of immediate diagnosis and treatment: a previously healthy 59-year-old truck driver presenting with hallmarks of basilar artery syndrome after having consumed an unknown substance. Immediate application of intravenous ethanol and hemodialysis ...
Vereda A - - 2005
A case of acute onset non-cardiogenic pulmonary edema induced by hydrochlorothiazide (HCT) is presented. Rapid recovery was obtained with supportive therapy. Leukopenia was evident during the acute phase, with rapid recovery parallel to the clinical improvement, suggesting pulmonary sequestration of granulocytes. Immunological studies including lymphocyte stimulation test with HCT and ...
Plantier Laurent - - 2005
Pulmonary emphysema results from an excessive degradation of lung parenchyma associated with a failure of alveolar repair. Secretion by pulmonary fibroblasts of hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) and keratinocyte growth factor (KGF) is crucial to an effective epithelial repair after lung injury. We hypothesized that abnormal HGF or KGF secretion by ...
Sukoh Noriaki - - 2004
Pulmonary edema, both cardiogenic and noncardiogenic, has been reported as a manifestation of pheochromocytoma. We report a patient with pheochromocytoma complicated by acute pulmonary edema that appeared clinically noncardiogenic. The patient had an uncomplicated course and rapid resolution of pulmonary edema. Bronchoalveolar lavage fluids (BALF) showed a marked accumulation of ...
Iikuni Noriko - - 2004
In the past two decades, low-dose methotrexate (MTX) has been widely used in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). As adverse effects, various types of pulmonary toxicity have been reported with this therapy. We report a case of MTX-induced noncardiogenic pulmonary edema in a 35-year-old woman. MTX used in high ...
Chung Chih-Ming - - 2004
Pulmonary edema is a potentially life-threatening complication of acute airway obstruction that develops rapidly without warning in persons who are otherwise well. Respiratory abnormalities have been reported in patients with Parkinson's disease, especially obstructive airway. To our knowledge, pulmonary edema secondary to airway obstruction in patients with Parkinson's disease has ...
Everts Richard J - - 2004
A 57-year-old man who had been intermittently taking one 300-mg tablet of quinine sulfate orally for leg cramps experienced transient acute pulmonary edema and hypotension 30-40 minutes after ingestion on two consecutive occasions. He was not taking any concomitant drugs, and there was no alternative explanation for either event. Serial ...
Yamamoto Kazumi - - 2004
A 29-year-old woman was admitted to our hospital with a 7-day history of elevated temperature to 39.5 degrees C associated with headache and nausea. She had been diagnosed with tuberous sclerosis complex 10 years earlier. Her unconsciousness progressed, and she was diagnosed as having aseptic meningoencephalitis. The next day, she ...
Adir Yochai - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Acute pulmonary edema has been noted in swimmers and divers, and has been termed swimming-induced pulmonary edema (SIPE). The mechanisms and consequences of SIPE are unknown, and there are currently no series of carefully evaluated patients with this condition. Herein we report the clinical presentation, incidence of recurrence, findings ...
Gershan William M - - 2004
Relatively little is known about interest in pediatric pulmonology among pediatric residents. The purpose of this study, therefore, was to determine at this institution: 1) the level of pediatric resident interest in pursuing a pulmonary fellowship, 2) potential factors involved in development of such interest, 3) whether the presence of ...
Sue Richard D - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: The primary objective was to test the hypothesis that clinical re-expansion pulmonary edema is predominantly due to increased permeability of the alveolar-capillary barrier. A secondary objective was to determine if the alveolar epithelium was functionally intact in patients with re-expansion pulmonary edema by measuring net alveolar epithelial fluid transport ...
Murat A - - 2004
Re-expansion pulmonary edema (REPE) is an uncommon complication following re-expansion of the lung as treatment of conditions such as hemopneumothorax, large pleural effusion, and after lobectomy, pneumothorax, or even during single-lung ventilation. The majority of REPE complications are associated with treatment of spontaneous pneumothorax. The etiology of REPE remains speculative, ...
Gulevskaja T S - - 2004
The aim of study was histological examination of brain vessels in the rats exposed to repeated tail-suspension (TS). The rats were subjected to 30-day TS, then readapted to horizontal position for 30 days and again exposed to 14-day TS simultaneously with the rats which were underwent to 14-day TS for ...
Katzenelson Rita - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: Pulmonary edema is a severe and often life-threatening condition. The diagnosis of pulmonary edema and its quantification have great clinical significance and yet can be difficult. A new technique based on thermodilution measurement using a single indicator has recently been developed (PiCCO, Pulsion Medical Systems, AG Germany). This method ...
Nitzan Orna - - 2004
The authors present a case of an 85-year-old woman known to suffer from severe congestive heart failure who presented with dyspnea and a unilateral infiltrate in the right lung on chest x-ray. Following clinical judgment, she was diagnosed with unilateral pulmonary edema and was treated accordingly, with rapid improvement of ...
De Villiers Richard V P - - 2004
Tuberculosis (TB) remains the most common notifiable infectious disease in South Africa. The diagnosis of pulmonary TB in children is often very difficult because of the non-specific radiological signs and inter-observer variation in the interpretation of radiographs. The frontal high-kilovolt (kV) radiograph has been used to assess the effect of ...
Yuki Atsuko - - 2004
We report a 29-year-old man with a rare left lumbar subcutaneous cold abscess complicated by tuberculous spondylitis during the treatment of pulmonary tuberculosis. Pulmonary tuberculosis was rapidly improved by anti-tuberculous drugs, however curative operation for tuberculous spondylitis was necessary after 18 months because tuberculous spondylitis was overlooked. Imaging techniques are ...
Lee-Chiong Teofilo T - - 2004
Noncardiogenic pulmonary edema, and, to a lesser extent, acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), are common clinical manifestations of drug-induced lung diseases. Clinical features and radiographic appearances are generally indistinguishable from other causes of pulmonary edema and ARDS. Typical manifestations include dyspnea, chest discomfort, tachypnea, and hypoxemia. Chest radiographs commonly reveal ...
Imaz María Susana - - 2004
Pathozyme-Myco G (Myco G), M, A, and TB complex plus (Omega Diagnostics Ltd., Alloa, Scotland) were evaluated for the serological diagnosis of pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) in an Argentinean population. Sera from 58 patients with pulmonary TB, 24 subjects with pulmonary mycobacteriosis or mycoses (pulmonary MM group), and 45 subjects with ...
Terra Filho Mário - - 2004
CONTEXT: Brazilian researchers have recently recognized a marked increase in the number of people using abusable drugs and the consequences of this habit. It has become a major public health problem in a potentially productive segment of the general population. In the last few years, several medical articles have given ...
Peng Yi-Jen - - 2004
Uterine leiomyosarcoma is an uncommon malignant neoplasm that frequently metastasizes through the bloodstream to distant organs such as the lung, bone, and brain. We report on and discuss a patient who had sudden onset of acute heart failure with pulmonary edema and bilateral pleural effusions, resulting from a high-grade uterine ...
Kaner Robert J - - 2004
Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is a potent mediator of capillary leak if it gains access to its receptors on the capillary endothelium. We have observed that there are high levels of VEGF compartmentalized in the alveolar epithelial lining fluid of normal humans at levels 500-fold greater than plasma. The ...
Brewer Randall P - - 2004
Neurogenic pulmonary edema (NPE) is a well-known complication of acute brain injury. Neurogenic stunned myocardium (NSM) occurs clinically in a significant subset of patients with NPE. A 49-year-old woman developed refractory cerebral vasospasm requiring angioplasty following a subarachnoid hemorrhage. During angioplasty, NPE with NSM manifested as acute pulmonary edema associated ...
Schoene Robert B - - 2004
During the last decade, major advances in the understanding of the mechanism of high altitude pulmonary edema (HAPE) have supplemented the landmark work done in the previous 30 years. A brief review of the earlier studies will be described, which will then be followed by a more complete treatise on ...
Tiwari Vandana - - 2003
As isolation of Mycobacterium tuberculosis in culture requires a long time, there is a need for simple rapid method for direct detection of M. tuberculosis from clinical specimens. Amplified nucleic acid hybridization assays such as polymerase chain reaction (PCR) have shown promising results. In the present study, the sensitivity of ...
Rollán María Jesús - - 2003
Direct cardioversion used in the treatment of various cardiac arrhythmias is a highly effective and simple procedure with infrequent complications. An uncommon complication is the occurrence of pulmonary edema. This report describes a 68-year-old woman with normal coronary arteries who experienced pulmonary edema following cardioversion secondary to myocardial injury demonstrated ...
Schultz H - - 2003
A 54-year old Wegener's granulomatosis patient with PR3-ANCA at diagnosis 2 years ago was admitted with a pulmonary relapse and new subglottic stenosis preceded by pulmonary infections. The patient presented with bactericidal/permeability increasing protein (BPI)-ANCA in ELISA whereas at the same time PR3-ANCA had disappeared. Bronchoalveolar lavage revealed pulmonary infection ...
Shupak Avi - - 2003
Acute pulmonary edema may be induced by diving and strenuous swimming. We report the case of a diver using closed-circuit, scuba equipment who developed acute dyspnea, hemoptysis, and hypoxemia following a dive in 18 degreesC (64.4 degrees F) water and physical exertion during the swim back to shore. With the ...
Tarrac Shauna Ely - - 2003
Negative pressure pulmonary edema (also known as postobstructive pulmonary edema) is one form of noncardiogenic pulmonary edema that can occur following any general anesthetic in which the patient was intubated. This complication can be severe, resulting in death if not diagnosed and treated promptly. This review explains the cause, incidence, ...
Cerfolio Robert J - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Postpneumonectomy pulmonary edema and pneumonia are life threatening and seemingly unavoidable complications after pneumonectomy. We theorized that an intraoperative dose of intravenous steroids (as a prophylactic measure to reduce pulmonary injury to the remaining lung) just before pulmonary artery ligation might decrease this problem. METHODS: Seventy-two patients (52 men) ...
Aduen Javier F - - 2003
We investigated the clinical significance of time of onset, duration, and type of pulmonary edema after orthotopic liver transplantation by retrospectively reviewing 93 consecutive recipients. Pulmonary edema was diagnosed by means of radiographic criteria and Pao(2)/Fio(2) ratio <300. Type was identified by pulmonary artery wedge pressure (hydrostatic, >18 mm Hg; ...
Read Matt R - - 2003
Alpha2 agonists are commonly used in combination with other anesthetic agents to chemically immobilize wildlife and may cause potentially serious hypoxemia in wild ruminants. In some domestic ruminants, they are associated with significant changes to the pulmonary parenchyma, increased venous admixture, pulmonary edema, and hypoxemia. Effective and safe immobilization of ...
Wang Y H - - 2003
SETTING: A 2500-bed medical centre in southern Taiwan. OBJECTIVE: To study the clinical value of high-resolution computed tomography (HRCT) in predicting the activity of pulmonary tuberculosis (TB). DESIGN: HRCTs were performed prospectively in 148 patients whose chest radiographs (CXRs) showed highly suspicious signs of pulmonary TB, predominantly upper lung field ...
De Pasquale Carmine G - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether acute cardiogenic pulmonary edema is associated with damage to the alveolocapillary barrier, as evidenced by increased leakage of surfactant specific proteins into the circulation, to document the duration of alveolocapillary barrier damage in this setting, and to explore the role of pulmonary parenchymal inflammation by determining ...
Haneda Kiyoshi - - 2003
Persistent pleural effusion developed in an 81-year-old man with acute pulmonary edema due to myocardial dysfunction. Daily chest tube drainage was 1,000 to 1,400 mL. Despite total parenteral nutrition and albumin supplementation, drainage did not decrease. However, continuous infusion of a somatostatin analog was effective in controlling the effusion.
Gensini Gian Franco - - 2003
Acute pulmonary edema, a potentially fatal clinical condition, represents a serious complication of so-called "Acute mountain sickness". The overt clinical picture of high altitude pulmonary edema (HAPE) includes clinical signs, serious hypoxemia, pulmonary hypertension, and alveolar edema on chest radiography. The first case of HAPE, documented by postmortem, is probably ...
Lund Keri L - - 2003
Pulmonary edema of water immersion, which is not associated with aspiration or a closed glottis, is infrequently described in the literature. Swimming-induced pulmonary edema is a syndrome whose pathophysiologic characteristics have not been fully elucidated. Immersion alone has marked effects on central vascular volume, redistribution of pulmonary blood flow, and ...
L'Her Erwan - - 2003
Acute cardiogenic pulmonary edema is a frequent life-threatening emergency. During the last 10 years, increasing attention has focused on the use of noninvasive ventilation to treat patients with various forms of acute respiratory failure. Numerous physiologic data and clinical studies support the use of noninvasive ventilation during cardiogenic pulmonary edema. ...
Pilla Carlo B - - 2003
A 7-month-old boy who was status post-bidirectional Glenn shunt implantation with residual ventricular flow to the pulmonary arteries (PA) presented with massive edema of the head and systemic desaturation soon after surgery. After test occlusion, an Amplatzer duct occluder was implanted at the PA banding site with subsequent decrease in ...
Maggiorini Marco - - 2003
The purpose of this review is to find the evidence that a disproportionate pulmonary vasoconstriction persisting for days, weeks and years during residence at high altitude is the common pathophysiologic mechanism of high altitude pulmonary edema (HAPE), subacute mountain sickness and chronic mountain sickness. A recent finding in early HAPE ...
Neiffer Donald L - - 2002
Two adult North American river otters (Lontra canadensis) and an adult red panda (Ailurus fulgens fulgens) at three separate institutions died within 22 hr after receiving single 2.5- to 2.7-mg/kg doses of melarsomine dihydrochloride administered in the epaxial musculature as a treatment for filarid nematodes. One otter had a suspected ...
Levin David L - - 2002
Although the radiographic appearance of pulmonary MAC infection in the immunocompetent host can be varied, there are several generalizations that can be made. The classic radiographic appearance is indistinguishable from that of pulmonary tuberculosis. The classic form is seen most commonly in males and is typically associated with other predisposing ...
< 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 >