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Results 451 - 500 of 1197
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Vitek J J - - 2009
Objective To correct the historical notion that permeates throughout the neurointerventional surgical literature that Dr Barney Brooks was the founder of the specialty. Material and methods Both articles written by Dr B Brooks and all pertinent literature dealing with neurointerventional treatment of the carotid-cavernous sinus fistula (CCSF) were reviewed. Results ...
Lichtenstein Daniel A - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The risk of pulmonary edema is the main limiting factor in fluid therapy in the critically ill. Interstitial edema is a subclinical step that precedes alveolar edema. This study assesses a bedside tool for detecting interstitial edema, lung ultrasound. The A-line is a horizontal artifact indicating a normal lung ...
Matsuoka Shin S Department of Radiology, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115, USA. - - 2010
Pulmonary vascular alteration is one of the characteristic features of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Recent studies suggest that vascular alteration is closely related to endothelial dysfunction and may be further influenced by emphysema. However, the relationship between morphological alteration of small pulmonary vessels and the extent of emphysema has ...
Fiorella D - - 2010
Introduction We present the use of the Pipeline embolization device (PED) to achieve reconstruction of the right anterior circulation in a patient with a dolichoectatic internal carotid artery (ICA) and middle cerebral artery (MCA) and an associated symptomatic, large, carotid-ophthalmic segment aneurysm. Clinical presentation A 36-year-old man presented with progressive ...
Fiorella D - - 2010
Introduction This report details experience with the Neuroform stent, with an emphasis on evolving treatment strategies, complication rates and treatment durability. Methods All patients undergoing Neuroform stent assisted aneurysm treatment were registered in prospectively maintained endovascular databases at two institutions. Results 284 patients with 302 aneurysms underwent aneurysm treatment with ...
Chong Semin - - 2009
Localized pulmonary edema in the right upper lobe has usually been reported in patients with mitral incompetence. Cardiac myxomas that involve the left atrium can cause elevated filling pressure with resultant bilateral or symmetric pulmonary edema. To our knowledge, however, a case of localized pulmonary edema associated with cardiac myxoma ...
Karamichalis John M - - 2009
Pericardial effusions with tamponade may present a clinical challenge in management for the cardiothoracic surgeon. We report a case of acute pulmonary edema secondary to the rapid release of a chronic traumatic pericardial effusion that resulted in the death of the patient.
Wang Shih-Min - - 2009
Enterovirus 71 (EV71) has emerged as a major cause of neurological threat in the world following the eradication of poliovirus. Most EV71 infections commonly result in hand-foot-mouth disease or herpangina, and some cases are associated with brainstem encephalitis and acute flaccid paralysis. Mortality was high in EV71 brainstem encephalitis complicated ...
Bedenice Daniela - - 2009
The estimation of fluid deficits in camelids is challenging. However, early recognition and treatment of shock and hypovolemia is instrumental to improve morbidity and mortality of critically ill camelids. Early goal-directed fluid therapy requires specific knowledge of clinical indicators of hypovolemia and assessment of resuscitation endpoints, but may significantly enhance ...
Kumar Jamuna - - 2009
We report a case of a 3-year-old boy who underwent an arterial switch operation with relief of left ventricular outflow tract obstruction and later presented with recurrent episodes of flash pulmonary edema. High-flow humidified oxygen with positive pressure support (Vapotherm) was used as a treatment modality, thereby avoiding intubation and ...
Madershahian Navid - - 2009
A rare case of a unilateral re-expansion pulmonary edema following one-lung ventilation for minimally invasive mitral valve reconstruction in cardiopulmonary bypass is described.
Limaverde Patrícia T - - 2009
The in vivo and in vitro pharmacological effects of leptoxin, one of the most lethal protein toxins known at present date (LD(50) 0.5+/-0.03 microg/kg i.v., mice) isolated from Leptodactylus pentadactylus skin secretion, were studied. In rats, leptoxin (1.0 microg/kg, i.v.) induced cardiorespiratory collapse with abundant tracheal secretion followed by sudden ...
Chang Chia-Ying - - 2009
This case report describes a 61-year-old man who developed reexpansion pulmonary edema (RPE) of the collapsed left lung after video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery because of left thoracic empyema, complicated with secondary contralateral pulmonary edema later. The left lung was gently reexpanded after surgery under one-lung ventilation anesthesia for 2.5 hours. The ...
Hiraki Takao - - 2009
Tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC) is an autosomal-dominant disorder characterized by seizures, mental retardation, and various hamartomatous lesions, including renal angiomyolipoma (AML) and pulmonary lymphangioleiomyomatosis. A 22-year-old woman with TSC presented with multiple renal AMLs exceeding 4 cm in diameter. She underwent two transcatheter embolization procedures with a mixture of ethanol ...
Morchi Gira S - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of sildenafil in patients with failing Fontan physiology. DESIGN: A retrospective chart review was performed to compare history and available data in patients with Fontan circulations before and after starting sildenafil. The paired and unpaired Student's t-tests were used ...
Effros Richard M - - 2009
It has generally been assumed that movement of fluid between the pulmonary microvasculature and surrounding tissues is governed by a "Starling" balance of hydrostatic and protein osmotic forces similar to that which prevails in the extremities. However, both recent and older observations suggest that the lungs are more resistant to ...
Sedý Jirí - - 2009
Neurogenic pulmonary edema is an acute life-threatening complication of central nervous system injury. We introduce a hypothesis that early i.v. administration of high-dose atropine can prevent neurogenic pulmonary edema development on the basis of the prevention of baroreflex-induced bradycardia, which was recognized as a major factor in neurogenic pulmonary edema ...
Sopeña Bernardo - - 2011
Refractory edema is defined as peripheral edema that does not respond to dietary sodium restriction and combined diuretic treatment including a loop diuretic, often caused by an evident underlying cardiac or pulmonary condition. We present a case of refractory edema, which remained unexplained until a hidden intrarenal arteriovenous malformation was ...
Su Tung-Hung - - 2009
A 66-year-old woman with hepatitis C related liver cirrhosis presented to our hospital for dyspnoea and cyanosis. Tachypnoea, low grade fever, clubbed fingers, palmar erythaema, spider angioma, wheezing and severe hypoxaemia were found. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) with acute exacerbation was diagnosed and she recovered after bronchodilator and antibiotic ...
Omar Hesham - - 2009
Acute airway obstruction can result in life - threatening pulmonary edema. It can develop rapidly, without warning, in otherwise healthy patients. Negative pressure pulmonary edema has been described after acute airway obstruction in situations when a patient is breathing against an obstructed airway such as croup, epiglottitis or laryngospasm. In ...
Yeh Ju Fen - - 2009
Acute aortic dissection complicated by stroke is not uncommon but may be difficult to evaluate, especially in patients with impaired mental status. This report describes a patient who had evidence of an ischaemic stroke but was fortuitously not given thrombolytic treatment. She was subsequently found to have an extensive aortic ...
Vitale Agata - - 2009
Takayasu's arteritis is a systemic vasculitis predominantly affecting the aorta and its major branches. We report a 14-year-old girl in whom incidentally a deep upper limb vein thrombosis was found. She was referred to the emergency unit due to swelling and intermittent cyanosis of the right arm following an axillary ...
Bayer Monika F - - 2009
Stress cardiomyopathy is a condition of chest pain, breathlessness, abnormal heart rhythms and sometimes congestive heart failure or shock precipitated by intense mental or physical stress. A 64-year-old male with a known diagnosis of moderate-to-severe aortic stenosis and advised that valve replacement was not urgent, presented with acute pulmonary edema ...
Kagohashi Katsunori - - 2009
Large-cell neuroendocrine carcinomas (LCNECs) are relatively rare, and most reported occurrences tend to involve relatively large tumors. We report a small LCNEC in a 63-year-old male patient with pulmonary emphysema. The peripheral pulmonary nodule did not have lobulation and spiculation, and it was difficult to establish correct diagnosis before surgery ...
Cianci Rosario - - 2009
A young Caucasian male was admitted for claudication intermittens, hyposphygmia on the right lower limb, high blood pressure and deterioration of renal function. Instrumental investigations documented right renal artery stenosis, multiple steno-obstructive manifestations of the splanchnic artery system, occlusion of the right external iliac artery and dissection of the left ...
Bresci F - - 2009
We report a fatal case of airway obstruction. A tracheostomized, spontaneously breathing 39-year-old man developed dyspnea, cardiac, and respiratory arrest after tracheal cannula replacement. Inspection of the cannula showed a blood clot obstructing the tube. Autopsy showed pink foam in the trachea, pulmonary hyperinflation, and congested lung parenchyma. Histological examination ...
Fujiwara Toshiyuki T From the Department of Ophthalmology, Fukushima Medical University School of Medicine, Fukushima, - - 2009
To report a case of an arteriolar macroaneurysm on the optic disk associated with branch retinal vein occlusion (BRVO). Patient chart review. An 80-year-old man presented with a retinal arteriolar macroaneurysm on the optic disk on the root of a papillomacular vein, which caused BRVO. Eight months later, the macroaneurysm ...
Pieramici Dante J DJ From the California Retina Research Foundation, Santa Barbara, - - 2009
This case report describes an uncommon presence of a retinal arterial macroaneurysm complicated by retinal neovascularization. This is a case history of a 49-year-old woman presenting with preretinal, intraretinal, and subretinal hemorrhage with an adjacent retinal arterial macroaneurysm complicated by the development of retinal neovascularization. The neovascularization, intraretinal lipid, and ...
Kotsolis Athanasios I AI From the *LuEsther T. Mertz Retinal Research Center/Manhattan Eye, Ear and Throat Hospital, New York, New York; †Vitreous-Retina-Macula Consultants of New York, New York; and ‡Beaumont Eye Institute, William Beaumont Hospital, Royal Oak, - - 2009
Inflammation of the optic nerve associated with central retinal vein occlusion is a well-documented disorder known as papillophlebitis, which occurs in young adults. To report two cases of serpiginous choroidopathy complicated by retinal vein occlusion in association with papillitis. Two patients with serpiginous choroidopathy were examined during their acute and ...
Robinson Marnie B - - 2008
Minimally invasive fetal surgery uses small endoscopes placed percutaneously through the mother's abdominal wall in order to operate on a fetus, placenta or umbilical cord. We report a case of postoperative pulmonary edema in a mother who underwent minimally invasive fetal surgery for the treatment of twin reverse arterial perfusion ...
Ecco R - - 2008
This report describes an outbreak of acute pulmonary sarcocystosis in different species of captive psittacines and in a Luzon bleeding-heart pigeon (Gallicolumba luzonica) in a zoological collection in Brazil. A majority of the birds were found dead and had exhibited no previous clinical signs. Grossly, pulmonary congestion and edema were ...
Hung Ming-Hui - - 2008
We report a case of severe reexpansion pulmonary edema that occurred immediately after reinflation of a collapsed lung by rapid negative pressure drainage of prolonged malignant pleural effusion and pneumohemothorax. Although hemodynamic stability was difficult to maintain under aggressive treatment with inhalation of nitric oxide, inotropics and prostacyclin infusion, conventional ...
Kitano Morihisa - - 2008
Plombage methods were designed for treating pulmonary tuberculosis surgically around 1945 when pulmonary tuberculosis was regarded as a "traitor disease" in Japan. Nagaishi had reported extrapleural synthetic resin ball plombage in 1948 as the world's first case, but it was complicated by empyema due to perforation of cavities and rupture ...
Schaffer Stephen A - - 2008
A 63-year-old woman with no known cardiac history presented with pulmonary edema accompanied by electrocardiographic evidence of ischemia. Echocardiography demonstrated normal cardiac dimensions, normal wall motion and mild diastolic dysfunction. Despite repeat attempts at extubation following aggressive diuresis, the patient required ongoing ventilatory support. Although cardiac catheterization revealed normal coronary ...
Jeong Yeon Joo - - 2008
Pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) is a common worldwide infection and a medical and social problem causing high mortality and morbidity, especially in developing countries. The traditional imaging concept of primary and reactivation TB has been recently challenged, and radiologic features depend on the level of host immunity rather than the elapsed ...
Lee Yoonki - - 2008
Laparoscopy is a surgical procedure used both for diagnosis and for various treatments. A rare but sometimes fatal complication of laparoscopy is pulmonary embolism with CO2 resulting in pulmonary edema. During laparoscopic gynecological surgery in a 29-year-old woman who had previously undergone lower abdominal surgery, the end-tidal CO2 suddenly increased ...
Maniatis Nikolaos A - - 2008
Acute lung injury (ALI) and its most severe extreme the acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) refer to increased-permeability pulmonary edema caused by a variety of pulmonary or systemic insults. ALI and in particular ARDS, are usually accompanied by refractory hypoxemia and the need for mechanical ventilation. In most cases, an ...
Lin Yi-Chang - - 2008
Alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency is a genetic condition that increases the risk of a variety of conditions including pulmonary emphysema and chronic liver disease. We report on a 33-yr-old male fighter pilot with early-onset pulmonary emphysema with bullae who developed spontaneous pneumothorax during in-flight combat training. A CT scan of his ...
Sinha Aditi - - 2008
Postobstructive pulmonary edema occurs rarely in children. We describe here a child who attempted suicide by hanging and developed postobstructive pulmonary edema and was successfully managed. There was a rapid response to management with morphine and supportive care, enabling extubation by 30 hours of ventilatory support. The case highlights an ...
Bunai Yasuo - - 2008
A previously healthy 9-year-old Japanese boy with a 4-day history of vomiting and headache died suddenly and unexpectedly. An external examination revealed no abnormalities other than foam around the mouth and nose. An internal examination revealed severe pulmonary edema and hemorrhagic hemangiopericytoma arising from the choroid plexus of the right ...
Bramow S - - 2008
We report a case of fatal neurogenic pulmonary edema in progressive multiple sclerosis (MS). The patient had one isolated relapse-like episode. Six years later progressive disease began, lasting 5 years until unexpected death during sleep. Medico-legal autopsy revealed pulmonary edema and neuropathological examination showed infiltrations with lymphocytes and microglia in ...
Mjahed Khalid - - 2008
Accidental intra-arterial injection is a potentially devastating complication of the intragluteal injection of benzathine penicillin. A 35-year-old woman developed after intramuscular injection of benzathine penicillin G acute paraplegia and noncardiogenic pulmonary edema. Noninvasive positive pressure ventilation was initiated with furosemide and corticosteroids. A magnetic resonance imaging scan showed findings consistent ...
Bishay Ayman - - 2008
IV heroin use is associated with several well-described complications, including noncardiogenic pulmonary edema, aspiration pneumonitis, ARDS, pneumonia, lung abscess, septic pulmonary emboli, and atelectasis. Foreign-body granulomatosis may develop when drug users inject solutions containing crushed oral tablets in which talc is used as filler and can be complicated by pulmonary ...
Mourani Peter M PM Division of Critical Care, The Pediatric Heart-Lung Center, Department of Pediatrics, The Children's Hospital and University of Colorado Denver, School of Medicine, Aurora, Colorado, - - 2008
We report 2 infants with severe bronchopulmonary dysplasia in whom left ventricular diastolic dysfunction contributed to clinical abnormalities, including pulmonary hypertension and recurrent pulmonary edema. We speculate that close monitoring for left ventricular diastolic dysfunction may assist with clinical management and improve outcomes of infants with severe bronchopulmonary dysplasia.
Volpicelli Giovanni - - 2008
This review discusses the usefulness of bedside lung ultrasound in the diagnostic distinction between different causes of acute dyspnea in the emergency setting, particularly focusing on differential diagnosis of pulmonary edema and exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). This is possible using a simple unit and easy-to-acquire technique performed ...
Linér Mats H - - 2008
During an international breath-hold diving competition, 19 of the participating divers volunteered for the present study, aimed at elucidating possible symptoms and signs of pulmonary edema after deep dives. Measurements included dynamic spirometry and pulse oximetry, and chest auscultation was performed on those with the most severe symptoms. After deep ...
Stream Joshua O - - 2008
High-altitude pulmonary edema (HAPE) is a life-threatening noncardiogenic form of pulmonary edema (PE) that afflicts susceptible persons after rapid ascent to high altitude above 2500 m. Its pathogenesis is related to increased sympathetic tone, exaggerated hypoxic pulmonary vasoconstriction, uneven hypoxic pulmonary vasoconstriction with overperfusion of some regions of the pulmonary ...
Yağci Ayşe - - 2008
A 19-year-old woman was admitted with sudden severe pain and loss of light perception that began immediately after eyelid injection of the depot form of corticosteroid. Ecchymosis of the lower eyelid, corneal edema, and a fixed dilated pupil were noted. Fundus examination could not be performed because of corneal edema. ...
Ohmi Susumu - - 2008
A 75-year-old previously healthy man presented for elective resection of rectal cancer under general anesthesia. Six days before the operation, he had a high-grade fever, and elevated leukocyte count and C-reactive protein concentration, but this was resolved by an intravenous antibiotic. His condition was well controlled before the operation. Soon ...
Goli Anil K - - 2008
The transthoracic application of synchronized direct current cardioversion (DCC) is widely used to terminate atrial fibrillation, atrial flutter, and other supraventricular tachyarrhythmia. DCC is a highly effective method for acute restoration of sinus rhythm. Although DCC is a relatively safe and frequently performed procedure, data on potential side effects are ...
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