Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 1123
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Akkoca Yildiz Oznur - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of the radiological evidence of emphysema, and the extent of interstitial involvement, on lung function and pulmonary arterial pressure (PAP) in patients with coal workers' pneumoconiosis (CWP). METHODS: The records of 48 patients with suspected CWP were evaluated retrospectively. ...
Alvarez John M - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: Idiopathic postpneumonectomy pulmonary edema is a leading cause of mortality after pneumonectomy. Postoperative hyperinflation of the remaining lung is an etiologic factor. We have demonstrated avoidance of postpneumonectomy pulmonary edema solely by changing management of the pneumonectomy space to a balanced drainage system. In sheep, we tested the following ...
Sartori Claudio - - 2007
Pulmonary edema is a problem of major clinical importance resulting from a persistent imbalance between forces that drive water into the airspace of the lung and the biological mechanisms for its removal. Here, we will review the fundamental mechanisms implicated in the regulation of alveolar fluid homeostasis. We will then ...
Fremont Richard D RD Division of Allergy, Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Vanderbilt University, T1218 MCN, 1161 Twenty-First Ave S, Nashville, TN 37232-2650, USA. - - 2007
Postobstructive pulmonary edema is a well-recognized complication of upper airway obstruction. The mechanisms of edema formation are unclear and may be due to increased hydrostatic forces generated by high negative inspiratory pressure or by increased permeability of the alveolar capillary membrane. Measurement of the edema fluid/plasma protein ratio and the ...
Behera Ganeshwar - - 2007
A patient with clinical diagnosis of pulmonary tuberculosis and right sided hydropneumothorax found to have fistulous connection of pleura with oesophagus as evidenced by upper GI endoscopy and intrapleural instillation of radio-opaque dye. He was managed with intercostal chest tube drainage, antibiotics, antitubercular regimen and nasogastric tube feeding, resulting in ...
Baumann Michael H - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Pleural tuberculosis (TB) should be considered in any patient with a lymphocytic pleural effusion. The diagnostic approach is under debate. Knowledge of pleural TB epidemiology would be beneficial. To help clarify pleural TB epidemiology, we analyzed US national TB surveillance data for 1993 to 2003. METHODS: We compared pleural ...
Hatta Kotaro - - 2007
A 68-year-old man was scheduled to receive 8 treatments of electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) for severe depression. He was being treated for long-standing asthma with a beta2 stimulant, clenbuterol hydrochloride, and had experienced no asthma attack for 9 years. Although he experienced no adverse consequence in his 7 treatments, pulmonary edema ...
Monnet Xavier - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To test whether assessing pulmonary permeability by transpulmonary thermodilution enables to differentiate increased permeability pulmonary edema (ALI/ARDS) from hydrostatic pulmonary edema. DESIGN: Retrospective review of cases. SETTING: A 24-bed medical intensive care unit of a university hospital. PATIENTS: Forty-eight critically ill patients ventilated for acute respiratory failure with bilateral ...
Proudfoot Alastair - - 2007
Acute pulmonary embolism (PE) is a common presentation on the acute medical take. In our previous article in Vol 6 issue 1 we discussed the diagnostic approach to this condition. This article concentrates on the treatment of PE, including guidance for treatment of PE in pregnancy and cancer. This article ...
Sekiya Kiyoshi - - 2007
We present a case of pleural effusion with encapsulation that was observed in the right thorax of a patient. PCR analysis of the patient's pleural effusion showed positivity for Mycobacterium tuberculosis. After six months, his chest CT showed the development of niveau and pulmonary consolidation. We definitively diagnosed him as ...
Thomassen Oyvind - - 2007
Headache is the cardinal symptom of acute mountain sickness (AMS). The headache normally worsens, with increased cerebral affection and the development of high-altitude cerebral edema (HACE). A Norwegian expedition aimed to climb Baruntse (7129 m) in Nepal in 2003. At 5400 m a 35-year-old man felt exhausted. The next day ...
Headley Carol M - - 2007
Flash pulmonary edema, also termed acute onset pulmonary edema, is characterized by the sudden onset of respiratory distress related to accumulation of fluid in the lung interstitium over a matter of minutes or hours. Chronic kidney disease is often associated with predisposing cardiac risk factors that make patients susceptible to ...
Conen Anna - - 2007
We report a case of ipsilateral reexpansion pulmonary edema occurring after the insertion of a chest tube in a patient with spontaneous pneumothorax. The patient received supplemental oxygen via a non-rebreather face mask to compensate for hypoxemia. 24 hours after the acute event, the patient recovered completely without residual hypoxemia. ...
Allemann Yves Y Department of Cardiology, Swiss Cardiovascular Center Bern, University Hospital, Inselspital, Bern, Switzerland. - - 2006
Individuals susceptible to high-altitude pulmonary edema (HAPE) are characterized by exaggerated pulmonary hypertension and arterial hypoxemia at high altitude, but the underlying mechanism is incompletely understood. Anecdotal evidence suggests that shunting across a patent foramen ovale (PFO) may exacerbate hypoxemia in HAPE. We hypothesized that PFO is more frequent in ...
Tuladhar Sampurna M - - 2006
We describe a case of a recurrent pericardial effusion after coronary artery bypass grafting. This was initially considered to be due to post-pericardiotomy syndrome, but was later treated empirically as tuberculosis. After definitive surgery for this condition, pericardial histology and immunohistochemistry confirmed the diagnosis of tubercular pericarditis. At 4-months follow-up, ...
Sato Masato - - 2006
We performed pulmonary thromboendarterectomy under deep hypothermic intermittent circulatory arrest in 18 patients with chronic pulmonary thromboembolism from August 2001 to January 2004. In some of these cases, reperfusion pulmonary edema prevented a satisfactory improvement in hemodynamic data soon after the surgery. Here we report two cases of chronic pulmonary ...
Gaca Jeffrey G - - 2006
BACKGROUND: In contrast to renal or cardiac xenografts, the inhibition of complement using cobra venom factor (CVF) accelerates pulmonary xenograft failure. By activating C3/C5 convertase, CVF depletes complement while additionally generating C5a and other anaphylatoxins, to which pulmonary xenografts may be uniquely susceptible. The current study investigates the role of ...
Matos Vítor - - 2006
In the last 20 years, studies on human identified skeletal collections have revealed a significant relationship between new bone formation on the visceral surface of ribs and pulmonary tuberculosis (TB). To improve methods of differential diagnosis of respiratory diseases in archaeological skeletons, an investigation was conducted on 197 individuals from ...
Schueller-Weidekamm Claudia - - 2006
PURPOSE: To investigate whether analysis of a washout curve of contrast material obtained with serial computed tomography (CT) enables differentiation between hydrostatic pulmonary edema and pulmonary edema caused by increased capillary permeability. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The institutional committee on animal experiments approved this study, which was performed in accordance with ...
Gajic Ognjen - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Pulmonary edema is an under-recognized and potentially serious complication of blood transfusion. Distinct mechanisms include adverse immune reactions and circulatory overload. The former is associated with increased pulmonary vascular permeability and is commonly referred to as transfusion-related acute lung injury (TRALI). The latter causes hydrostatic pulmonary edema and is ...
Routsi Christina - - 2006
An unusual case of fibrosing mediastinitis with obstruction of the inferior and superior left pulmonary veins and severe narrowing of the right pulmonary artery, disclosed after unilateral pulmonary edema, is described. The 18-year-old male patient had a long history of cough, progressive dyspnea and recurrent hemoptysis and the possible diagnosis ...
Hersi Ahmad - - 2006
The present report describes an unusual case of pulmonary edema after adenosine cardioversion of a supraventricular tachycardia. Despite a structurally normal heart, a 52-year-old woman presented with pulmonary edema on two separate occasions, having had her atrioventricular nodal re-entrant tachycardia terminated with 12 mg of intravenous adenosine. A third similar ...
Taype C A - - 2006
Polymorphism in SLC11A1 has been implicated in host susceptibility to tuberculosis. We have studied associations between INT4, D543N, and 3'UTR polymorphisms of SLC11A1 and different clinical forms of TB. Analysis used 507 patients with pulmonary TB, 123 with extra pulmonary TB and 513 controls. INT4 and D543N showed allelic association ...
Taylor Walter R J - - 2006
Lung involvement in malaria has been recognized for more than 200 hundred years, yet our knowledge of its pathogenesis and management is limited. Pulmonary edema is the most severe form of lung involvement. Increased alveolar capillary permeability leading to intravascular fluid loss into the lungs is the main pathophysiologic mechanism. ...
Schambra Heidi M - - 2006
Reversible posterior leukoencephalopathy syndrome (RPLS) is characterized radiographically by magnetic resonance imaging as white matter hyperintensities, which reflect cerebral edema. These changes are typically restricted to the parietal and occipital lobes, and are usually quite symmetric. We report a case of asymmetric RPLS involving only one frontal lobe in a ...
Bjelakovic Bojko - - 2006
This is a case story of an 8-year-old boy with no prior history of cardiac disease who developed acute pulmonary edema with ECG changes similar to transmural myocardial infarction after basilar skull fracture. Biochemical evaluation showed elevated total creatine kinase activity -1,350 U/L with 12% MB isoenzyme fraction. The brain ...
Atluri Pavan - - 2006
Noncardiogenic pulmonary edema can be fatal without adequate resuscitation. We report, for the first time, the use of prone positioning in the immediate post-cardiac surgical period to treat a patient with profound hypoxemia secondary to massive (noncardiogenic) pulmonary edema. Prone positioning corrects ventilation-perfusion mismatch and allows gravity-dependent drainage of capillary ...
Badri Talel - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Erysipelas is an acute infection occurring chiefly in the lower limbs, rarely in the upper limbs. OBSERVATION: A 45-year-old patient suffering from Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease with neuropathy of the limbs, presented with fever and a 24-hour history of a well-circumscribed inflammatory and infiltrated plaque of the left arm. Erysipelas was ...
Manfrini Olivia - - 2006
Takayasu's arteritis primarily affects young women. The current case report focuses on a Caucasian middle-aged woman who complained of weakness, malaise, and fatigue for as many as 19 years. Delayed diagnosis and lack of specific treatment could explain the extent and the clinical severity of the disease at time of ...
Grange Dorothy K - - 2005
Menkes disease is an X-linked recessive disorder of copper transport characterized by neurological deterioration, connective tissue, and vascular defects, abnormal hair, and death in early childhood. We report on a patient with Menkes disease in whom severe diffuse emphysema caused respiratory failure and death at 14 months of age. He ...
Bertram Chris D - - 2005
Presents an overview of leading areas of discovery in bio-fluid mechanics related to the pulmonary system, with particular reference to the airways. Areas briefly reviewed include airway gas dynamics, impedance studies, collapsible-tube studies, and airway liquid studies. Emphasis is placed on promising further directions, such as analysis of interacting fluid-mechanical ...
Yim Jae-Joon - - 2005
Mycobacterium kansasii is one of the most common cause of pulmonary diseases due to nontuberculous mycobacteria. We investigated the changing in the number of isolation of M. kansasii and the clinical characteristics of M. kansasii pulmonary disease in Korea. Through searching the database of the Korean Institute of Tuberculosis, we ...
Khubnani Harish - - 2005
Extra pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) comprises 15% of the total tuberculosis cases. Bleach concentration method for demonstration of Acid fast bacilli (AFB) has been recently described for sputum. The aim of this study is to apply this method for demonstration of AFB in material obtained from extra-pulmonary sites and to correlate ...
Koh Tat Tee - - 2005
Myeloid leukemias are clonal malignancies characterized by the presence of increased numbers of immature myeloid cells in the marrow and peripheral blood. Pulmonary involvement by myeloid leukemia is relatively uncommon and seen mainly in patients with severe disease. The most common form of pulmonary involvement consists of leukemic infiltration along ...
Cote C G - - 2005
The BODE index, which integrates body mass index, airflow limitation (forced expiratory volume in one second), dyspnoea and 6-min walk distance, predicts mortality in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) improves some components of BODE. It was hypothesised that changes in BODE may reflect the effects of PR. ...
D'Aloia Antonio - - 2005
We describe a case of unilateral pulmonary edema occurring in a young woman affected by hypertrophic cardiomyopathy complicated by acute worsening of mitral regurgitation. The relevant role of biochemical markers of heart failure, such as brain natriuretic peptide and carbohydrate antigen 125, in clarifying the final diagnosis of cardiogenic pulmonary ...
Hong Sung Jin - - 2005
Because of the increased intra-abdominal pressure and the physiologic changes in the obese patient, laparoscopic bariatric surgery can aggravate perioperative pulmonary complications. A 23-year-old female with morbid obesity experienced pulmonary edema after laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding surgery. One lung was unintentionally ventilated for approximately 5 minutes during the operation. At ...
Chong Elise A - - 2005
We describe a patient with extranodal (pulmonary) marginal zone B-cell lymphoma of mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) who was refractory to treatment with cytotoxic chemotherapy. After a single four-week course of rituximab she had significant regression of pulmonary lesions and remains progression free 19 months after finishing her treatment. This case ...
McKnight Christy A - - 2005
A stranded 5-month-old female Pacific harbor seal (Phoca vitulina richardsi) was presented displaying tachypnea and diminished lung sounds. No neurological abnormalities were noted. The animal was treated for verminous pneumonia, but died 2 wk later. Gross necropsy examination revealed a severe obstructive verminous pneumonia associated with large numbers of Otostrongylus ...
Hassan Walid - - 2005
Unilateral pulmonary edema is a distinctly unusual clinical entity that presents interesting and confusing diagnostic challenges. It is usually described as occurring with re-expansion of a collapsed lung after rapid thoracocentesis of pleural air or pleural fluid. Unilateral pulmonary edema as an initial presenting manifestation for heart failure is uncommon ...
Mentzelopoulos Spyros D - - 2005
Coxsackie virus pericarditis caused cardiac tamponade in a 45-day-old infant with corrected total anomalous pulmonary venous drainage and a hypodynamic left heart. The pathophysiology comprised reduced heart compliance, venous return impairment, acute pulmonary hypertension, and increased airway microvascular permeability. Tracheal edema and external compression caused tracheal lumen narrowing and respiratory ...
Lin Jui-An - - 2005
Airway obstruction is always a life-threatening event, and it must be recognized and managed immediately. We report an instance of acute airway obstruction associated with hemoptysis in an elderly patient with inactive advanced pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) while undergoing spine surgery. Airway obstruction was highly suspected in consequence of postural change ...
Son Ji-Seon - - 2005
Topical phenylephrine, an agent used to facilitate nasotracheal intubation and prevent nasal mucosal bleeding, can cause severe hypertension in some patients, secondary to its stimulation of alpha-adrenergic receptors. Moreover, a high incidence of pulmonary edema is found in patients whose phenylephrine administration is followed by treatment with beta-blocking agents. We ...
Maniwa Ko - - 2005
We report a case of acute pulmonary edema appearing soon after relief of an acute upper airway obstruction. The patient choked on some pieces of beef during dinner and fainted. He was quickly aided by paramedics and taken to our emergency room with persistent dyspnea and wheezing. His chest radiograph ...
Castañer Eva - - 2005
Central bronchi and pulmonary arteries are surrounded and enveloped by a strong connective-tissue sheath termed the peribronchovascular interstitium, extending from the level of the pulmonary hila into the peripheral lung. Thickening of the peribronchovascular interstitium can be seen in a wide variety of diseases. The CT appearance can be smooth, ...
Takashima Mototsugu - - 2005
We describe a patient who had a metastatic gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST) after previous failed extensive therapy, including multiple surgeries and hepatic artery embolization. Within a few months of starting administration of imatinib mesylate, the patient exhibited a clinical response with grade 3 neutropenia, when pulmonary tuberculosis developed. A c-kit ...
Nguyen V A - - 2005
Pulmonary capillaritis and alveolar hemorrhage are rare yet serious and life threatening complications of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Pulmonary manifestations of antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) are similar and include, apart from pulmonary embolism and pulmonary hypertension, pulmonary capillaritis, diffuse alveolar hemorrhage and respiratory insufficiency in patients with catastrophic APS. Herein, we ...
Gon?alves Victor - - 2005
The neurogenic pulmonary edema is a rare clinical situation caused by an imbalance characterized by an excessive sympathetic outflow. It is observed mostly in young patients, is associated with brain or spinal cord haemorrhage, trauma, tumours or infections and is usually fatal. A case of neurogenic pulmonary edema in a ...
Miragliotta Giuseppe - - 2005
BDProbeTec ET (Becton Dickinson, Sparks, Md, USA) is a fully automated walkaway system based on strand displacement amplification (SDA) technology that provides a method for the direct detection of Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex (MTBC) target sequence. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the ability of BDProbeTec ET system to ...
Ulger A Füsun - - 2005
The pathophysiology of upper-airway obstruction (UAO) is complex. Possible causes of UAO that may lead to acute respiratory failure, are as follows: infections like acute epiglottitis and croup, obstructing tumors in the base of the tongue, larynx or hypopharynx, aspirated food or liquid contents, obesity and anatomical variations. Management changes ...
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