Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 437
< 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 >
Gamillscheg A - - 1997
A massive pulmonary embolism, demonstrated by echocardiography developed in a 3-week-old preterm infant. An etiologic explanation could not be obtained from either history or clinical and laboratory findings. Pulmonary embolectomy was performed as an emergency procedure because of severe hemodynamic impairment despite intensive medical therapy. In children who have massive ...
Cox J E - - 1997
Primary pulmonary artery sarcomas are rare tumors that are frequently misdiagnosed as chronic pulmonary emboli. We present classic imaging findings and review data from 136 previously reported sarcomas. We believe that the imaging findings can be quite specific, especially when the disease is advanced. Despite a recent increase in antemortem ...
Nicholas G G - - 1997
Arterial tumor embolization is an unusual cause of acute arterial occlusion and is reported primarily in the oncologic literature. We report a case of acute bilateral popliteal artery emboli from adenocarcinoma of the distal esophagus. Arterial tumor emboli are infrequent but should be considered in the differential diagnosis by the ...
Geissler H J - - 1997
BACKGROUND: Previous studies demonstrated gas emboli formation during rewarming from hypothermia on cardiopulmonary bypass when the temperature gradient exceeded a critical threshold. It also has been suggested that formation of arterial gas emboli may occur during cooling on cardiopulmonary bypass when cooled oxygenated blood exiting the heat exchanger is warmed ...
al-Ebrahim K - - 1997
A 23-year-old female underwent uneventful caesarian section, which was followed by massive pulmonary embolism. Pulmonary embolectomy on cardiopulmonary bypass was performed, and was complicated by massive intraabdominal haemorrhage due to a hepatic subcapsular rupture. To our knowledge, this is the first surgically orientated case of postpartum pulmonary embolectomy to be ...
Parish J M - - 1996
STUDY OBJECTIVES: To define characteristic clinical and radiographic presentations of patients found to have primary sarcoma of the pulmonary artery and differentiate this entity from acute and chronic pulmonary thromboembolism. To review pathologic characteristics of pulmonary artery sarcoma. DESIGN: A retrospective review of medical records at a large medical center ...
Goldberg S N - - 1996
This study was conducted to determine if pleural effusion size affects ventilation/perfusion (V/Q) scan interpretation algorithms for acute pulmonary embolus (PE). METHODS: Retrospective analysis identified 163 consecutive patients undergoing angiography for PE with radiographic evidence for pleural effusion. V/Q scanning was performed in 94 (58%) of cases and reported using ...
Trerotola S O - - 1996
PURPOSE: To compare pulmonary emboli resulting from pulse-spray pharmacomechanical thrombolysis (PSPMT) and mechanical thrombolysis performed to declot dialysis-access grafts. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Polytetrafluoroethylene arteriovenous shunts were created in eight dogs and were deliberately clotted at monthly intervals. Animals were randomly assigned to treatment with pulse-spray urokinase thrombolysis or a low-speed ...
Wolosker N - - 1996
Arterial embolisms in the lower limbs occur frequently, and are of great interest to the vascular surgeon. The authors studied 159 cases of arterial embolisms in lower limbs from January 1991 to July 1993. Ages varied from 12 to 98, with a mean of 58. Eighty patients were male and ...
Bergin C J - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: The aims of this study were to determine the reliability of the high-resolution CT (HRCT) appearance of the lung parenchyma in distinguishing patients with chronic pulmonary thromboembolism (CPTE) from those with other pulmonary diseases and to compare HRCT with radionuclide scanning. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Sixty-seven patients for whom HRCT ...
Akomea-Agyin C - - 1996
Because of its rarity and the similarity of its presentation to that of pulmonary thromboembolic disease, the diagnosis of pulmonary artery sarcoma is often not considered early in patients presenting with recurrent or chronic pulmonary emboli. We present a case of pulmonary artery sarcoma that was treated as pulmonary embolism ...
Oser R F - - 1996
PURPOSE: To determine how often emboli detected angiographically in peripheral pulmonary arterial branches would be missed with cross-sectional imaging. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Seventy-nine of 88 consecutive pulmonary angiograms interpreted as positive for pulmonary emboli were reviewed retrospectively to detect pulmonary emboli. Three angiograms interpreted as negative when reviewed retrospectively were ...
Yao F S - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine whether emboli can be detected within the aortic lumen in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass surgery (CABG) and to relate the appearance of emboli to specific operative events. DESIGN: Twenty patients were prospectively studied intra-operatively. SETTING: Subjects were inpatients in an ...
Camus F - - 1996
BACKGROUND: An increase in pulmonary capillary blood volume secondary to angiogenesis has been described in Kaposi's sarcoma. The value of the pulmonary capillary blood volume as an early marker of pulmonary Kaposi's sarcoma was evaluated. METHODS: In a prospective study 45 HIV positive patients (nine asymptomatic for Kaposi's sarcoma, 29 ...
Russi E W - - 1996
A patient suffering from multiple episodes of fever and chills due to septic pulmonary emboli is reported. Hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia was involving the mucous membranes of his oral cavity and the stomach but not the pulmonary vascular bed. Since no other infectious embolic sources were found and the patient's pulmonary ...
Barbut D - - 1996
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Transcranial Doppler ultrasonography (TCD) is the standard technique for monitoring emboli in the cerebral circulation. Embolic signals have been detected with the use of this technique in most patients undergoing coronary artery bypass surgery. We previously reported that the majority of emboli are detected after release of ...
Waller B F - - 1995
Intracardiac thrombus may develop as a consequence of multiple underlying cardiac disorders. Other systemic disorders may predispose formation of thrombus within the heart, or the heart may be the site of emboli in transit--thrombus originating elsewhere and traveling through the heart to the pulmonary or arterial circulation. Part V of ...
Day S M - - 1995
Thromboembolic disorders are a hallmark of the antiphospholipid antibody syndrome. We describe a patient with IgM antiphospholipid antibodies associated with pulmonary emboli and in situ thrombosis within an otherwise normal right atrium. Echocardiography, particularly the transesophageal study, proved invaluable in providing a diagnosis and guiding our patient's evaluation and treatment.
John L C - - 1995
A glue embolization of a cerebral arteriovenous malformation in a 3-year-old boy was complicated by a massive pulmonary embolus due to glue entering the venous circulation. Attempted pulmonary embolectomy via pulmonary arteriotomy after emergency cardiopulmonary bypass was unsuccessful. However, retrograde flushing of the pulmonary veins with cold saline solution produced ...
Romano W M - - 1995
OBJECTIVE: To describe the computed tomography (CT) findings and clinical implications of pulmonary thromboembolism noted incidentally on CT. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The authors reviewed the CT studies and medical records for nine patients in whom CT had shown clinically unsuspected pulmonary thromboembolism. The study group consisted of seven men and ...
Brossmann J - - 1995
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: To prove the feasibility of performing percutaneous transcatheter embolectomy using a funnel-shaped catheter tip and balloon embolectomy catheters. METHODS: A theoretical model is described to assess the influence of the diameter of an introductory device and coaxially introduced embolectomy catheter. A funnel-shaped catheter tip was attached to ...
Macdonald R L - - 1995
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Controversy exists regarding whether lacunar infarction is due to embolism or whether it is always due to lipohyalinosis of small penetrating arteries. We hypothesized that emboli can enter penetrating arteries in relation to the blood flow to these arteries and to the diameter of the emboli. METHODS: ...
Elliott C G - - 1995
Hippocrates said, "For extreme illness, extreme measures are warranted." Massive pulmonary embolism is an uncommon clinical problem for which extreme measures, such as surgical embolectomy, appear warranted. Since the application of cardiopulmonary bypass to surgical embolectomy in 1961, a number of uncontrolled retrospective case series suggest that nearly one half ...
Sato Y - - 1995
Pulmonary tumor thrombotic microangiopathy (PTTM) is characterized by widespread fibrocellular intimal proliferation of the small pulmonary arteries and arterioles in patients with metastatic carcinoma. Microscopic pulmonary tumor emboli have frequently occurred in patients with malignant tumors; however, few cases of PTTM have been reported. A rare case of a patient ...
Anderson M B - - 1995
Pulmonary artery tumors are rare and a frequently overlooked cause of pulmonary artery occlusion. The presentation is one of progressive pulmonary dysfunction and right ventricular failure. The diagnosis seldom is made preoperatively. We report 6 cases of primary sarcoma of the pulmonary artery identified at operation, which were treated surgically. ...
Muluk S C - - 1995
A 32-year-old man with progressive dyspnea and congenital lymphedema was transferred to our hospital for evaluation as a lung transplant candidate with the suspected diagnosis of primary pulmonary hypertension. Evaluation revealed the additional history of previous limb-shortening procedures for the left leg, the presence of syndactyly, long-standing bilateral (left to ...
Gómez J R - - 1995
We report a case of tumor embolism of the lower right extremity after right pneumonectomy. This is an infrequent complication and in most cases occurs during the intraoperative or immediate postoperative period. Our patient underwent surgery for primary pulmonary neoplasia (squamous cell carcinoma) and 4 hours later showed clinical signs ...
Rafal R B RB Department of Radiology, New York Methodist Hospital, - - 1995
Pulmonary artery sarcomas are infrequently encountered and are often misdiagnosed before surgical exploration or autopsy. On clinical examination and conventional imaging studies, they are frequently mistaken for pulmonary emboli. To our knowledge, this case report is the first to describe the postoperative magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) appearance of residual disease ...
Jakob H - - 1995
Surgical intervention in fulminant pulmonary embolism (PE) is still associated with an overall 30% fatal outcome which increases to about 60% when cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is necessary. Despite unfavorable conditions like hemodynamic instability, failed lysis or CPR, the surgical strategy might have a certain impact on the patient's outcome since ...
Hockstad E - - 1994
Symptomatic pulmonary emboli complicating electrophysiologic procedures are uncommon. Asymptomatic or mildly symptomatic embolic are likely much more common. This case report highlights the problem of extensive, but mildly symptomatic, pulmonary emboli occurring as a complication of electrophysiologic procedures, including catheter ablation. The role of anticoagulation during and following electrophysiologic procedures ...
Salamat S M - - 1994
BACKGROUND: We report the case of a 23-year-old pregnant woman with hemoptysis, cor pulmonale, and pulmonary artery sarcoma. The physiologic changes of pregnancy may have unmasked the pulmonary lesion. CASE: A 23-year-old woman presented at 28 weeks' gestation with acute onset of hemoptysis and dyspnea. A hilar mass was noted ...
Fouty B W - - 1994
Stenosis of the trachea and bronchi can complicate many diseases and lead to significant pulmonary complaints. Unfortunately, steroids rarely yield satisfactory results in reversing symptoms. We describe six patients with symptomatic airway stenosis from sarcoidosis, all of whom were refractory to steroid therapy. By using a Fogarty embolectomy catheter inserted ...
Raaf H N - - 1994
Soft tissue sarcoma is the most common malignant neoplasm of the heart, pericardium, and great vessels. Its presentation is infrequent, nonspecific, and subtle. For example, emboli from these tumors to the lungs or peripheral arteries may mimic thrombotic embolic disease. New noninvasive techniques such as echocardiography and magnetic resonance imaging ...
Georgiadis D - - 1994
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Doppler emboli detection is an established technique, but the nature of the underlying embolic material remains unclear. The intensity and spectral distribution of emboli signals could help to distinguish between signals arising from formed and gaseous emboli. We undertook this study to develop and evaluate a differentiation ...
Murray J G - - 1994
Percutaneous aspiration thromboembolectomy (PAT) is a radiological alternative to surgical embolectomy or thrombolysis in the treatment of acute arterial thromboembolic disease. We report our experience in eight patients aged 63-83 years (mean 71 years). Indications were graft thrombosis (1) or emboli from atrial fibrillation (3), abdominal aneurysm (2) or proximal ...
Vázquez-Barquero A - - 1994
We report a successful emergency embolectomy in a patient presenting a left middle cerebral artery occlusion by an embolizing microcoil that was being used to thrombose an aneurysm of the ophthalmic artery. In selected cases, emergency embolectomy can be considered as the treatment of distal embolization by the materials used ...
Lau G - - 1994
A pregnant lady suffered massive pulmonary thromboembolism whilst undergoing pelvic ultrasonography at an obstetric unit. She was vigorously resuscitated for approximately 2 h and later transferred to a cardiovascular surgical department where an emergency pulmonary embolectomy was performed, at which time, some 21 of blood, emanating from lacerations of the ...
Kauczor H U - - 1994
PURPOSE: The diagnosis of the rare primary malignant tumors of the pulmonary arteries is often delayed as symptoms are nonspecific. METHODS: Computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of three patients with occlusion of the right pulmonary artery, two with sarcoma and one with chronic thromboembolic disease were analyzed ...
Cina S J - - 1994
A variety of emboli may be encountered at autopsy. While pulmonary thromboemboli are a relatively common cause of sudden "natural" death, the medical examiner may discover more exotic emboli during the postmortem examination. Other endogenous sources of emboli include the atheromatous debris, bone marrow, fat, liver, brain, trophoblast, and amniotic ...
Vicol C - - 1994
Embolectomy by means of the Fogarty catheter is the therapy of choice in the event of acute occlusions of limb arteries. However, less invasive catheter procedures have become established means to perform embolectomies lately. In order to improve the results after using the above mentioned methods, we have developed a ...
Haskal Z J - - 1994
Large, central bilateral pulmonary emboli led to cor pulmonale and severe hypoxemia in a patient who had recently undergone cardiac surgery. After percutaneous catheter fragmentation and thrombolysis of the emboli failed, the left and right interlobal pulmonary arteries were recanalized by placement of self-expanding Wallstent endoprostheses through the clots. Pulmonary ...
Fishel R S - - 1994
The aim of this report is to describe the usefulness of transesophageal echocardiography in the diagnosis of pulmonary emboli. A biplane transesophageal probe was used to examine the pulmonary artery in multiple views in three patients with suspected pulmonary emboli. The diagnosis of pulmonary emboli was made by transesophageal echocardiography ...
Dorman R L RL - - 1994
A 64-year-old female presented with right digital artery emboli from biopsy-proven, angiographically typical, right brachial artery fibromuscular dysplasia (medial fibroplasia). Angiographic findings consistent with fibromuscular dysplasia were also found in the left branchial artery. The patient was treated with surgical excision of the abnormal right brachial artery segment and postoperative ...
Tanaka I - - 1994
A case of pulmonary leiomyosarcoma originating in the left pulmonary artery stem in a 28-year-old Japanese man is reported. The patient complained of recurrent hemoptysis. The diagnosis was made at exploratory thoracotomy. Two days following thoracotomy, under cardio-pulmonary bypass, the upper one-third of the pulmonary trunk and part of the ...
Chandrashekar G - - 1994
An aortic saddle embolus causing paraplegia is rare and even rarer is a documentation of neurological recovery from this event. A 47 year old male presented with absent pulsations in the lower limbs and paraplegia, both of sudden onset. He underwent immediate bilateral transfemoral embolectomy. The postoperative period was stormy. ...
Stulz P - - 1994
Pulmonary embolectomy in the treatment of acute massive pulmonary embolism (PE) is the subject of considerable controversy with regard to indication, technique of embolectomy and perioperative management. Since 1968 50 patients have undergone surgery for massive PE in our unit. Inflow occlusion technique and cardiopulmonary bypass were used in 33 ...
Lee H C - - 1994
A 61-year old Hispanic woman with a history of primary antiphospholipid syndrome with pulmonary emboli and who was status post a vena caval filter placement to prevent recurrent pulmonary emboli, presented with acute onset of right upper quadrant abdominal pain. Acute cholecystitis was diagnosed and she underwent a surgically uncomplicated ...
Fluter G G - - 1993
Supraventricular tachycardia as a presenting sign of pulmonary embolism is unusual. A 31-year-old man with incomplete T11 paraplegia on the basis of spinal cord ischemia developed supraventricular tachycardia 37 days after surgery to repair an aortic tear. Subsequent work-up revealed evidence of multiple submassive pulmonary emboli, despite thromboembolism prophylaxis. Clinicians ...
Hurley J P - - 1993
Pulmonary embolectomy maybe a life saving procedure in the unresponsive hypotensive patient following a massive pulmonary embolectomy despite optimal medical therapy. We report a successful pulmonary embolectomy in a 47 year old patient, three days post post coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) and a new approach to the problem of ...
Markus H - - 1993
BACKGROUND: The identification of gaseous emboli using Doppler ultrasound was described as early as the 1960s. Recently it has been demonstrated that this method can also detect solid emboli such as thrombi and platelet aggregates. This may make this technology useful in a large number of patients with, or at ...
< 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 >