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Hsing Jeff M - - 2007
BACKGROUND: We report a case of pulmonary sarcoma which is a rare cause of the common symptom of dyspnea. CASE PRESENTATION: A fifty-one year old previously healthy male presented to the emergency room with complaints of dyspnea on exertion. A cardiac workup including an exercise stress test was negative but ...
Ishiguro Takashi - - 2007
Primary malignant tumors of the pulmonary arteries occur infrequently. The clinical presentation and diagnostic imaging features of the tumor are usually nonspecific and correct diagnosis is often delayed. In this report, we present a case of pulmonary artery sarcoma. MRI and PET-CT were found to be useful for differentiating the ...
Maruo Ayako - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Pulmonary sarcoma arising from the pulmonary artery is a rare disease and its prognosis is disastrous. METHODS: Five patients who underwent surgery for pulmonary artery sarcoma were reviewed. RESULTS: All patients except one were initially diagnosed with pulmonary embolism. One patient with preoperative profound shock could not wean from ...
Komanapalli Christopher - - 2006
Pulmonary artery sarcomas are a diagnostic and therapeutic challenge. Most patients are initially thought to have pulmonary emboli, and during embolectomy, a sarcoma is found. Given the significant morbidity and mortality of cardiac sarcomas, an aggressive strategy for resection is indicated, as this leads to benefits in disease-free and overall ...
Digonnet Antoine - - 2007
Acute massive pulmonary embolism has a high mortality rate despite advances in diagnosis and therapy. Thrombolysis and catheter embolectomy have recently shown various degrees of failure and adverse effect. Surgical embolectomy has now been liberalised for haemodynamic stable patients with right ventricular dysfunction. We report our surgical experience in the ...
Alsoufi Bahaaldin - - 2006
Intimal sarcomas of the pulmonary artery are rare tumors that are often difficult to distinguish from pulmonary thromboembolic disease, complicating accurate diagnosis and timely therapy. We report the case of a gentleman with a primary pulmonary artery sarcoma who presented with a massive pulmonary embolism and complete right ventricular outflow ...
Corradi Domenico - - 2006
BACKGROUND: A fatal pulmonary tumor microembolism is rarely caused by an occult gastric cancer. METHODS AND RESULTS: We report the case of a 40-year-old woman who died after 3 days of progressive dyspnea, cough, and pulmonary hypertension. Postmortem examination demonstrated the presence of an occult diffuse-type gastric carcinoma, which had ...
Rosenberger Peter - - 2006
Patients undergoing pulmonary embolectomy often experience hemodynamic deterioration during induction of general anesthesia (GA). Therefore, we studied the incidence and possible risk factors for hemodynamic deterioration during GA induction. Fifty-two consecutive patients undergoing emergent pulmonary embolectomy at our institution were included. Hemodynamic collapse after GA induction was defined as hypotension ...
Lee Jae-Min - - 2006
To report a non-fatal case of reperfusion pulmonary edema (RPE) after the removal of a hepatocellular carcinoma embolus, which had caused an acute obstruction of the tricuspid valve and pulmonary vasculature during a hepatic lobectomy. Pulmonary embolism caused by hepatocellular carcinoma embolus is extremely rare, and, in the present case, ...
Mok C C - - 2006
With improved disease survival, arterial thromboembolism has become an important cause of morbidity in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). A number of conventional and non-conventional risk factors are associated with accelerated atherosclerosis. Regular surveillance and control of traditional risk factors is mandatory, and so is the appropriate use of ...
Fukuda Ikuo - - 2006
The incidence of pulmonary embolism is relatively high in stroke patients due to prolonged bed rest, paralysis of the lower extremities, and dehydration. We herein report three cases of pulmonary embolectomy for patients with intracranial hemorrhage. All patients had massive central pulmonary embolism and were in deep shock. The interval ...
Spagnolo Salvatore - - 2006
Mortality rates for pulmonary embolectomy in patients with acute massive pulmonary embolism have decreased in recent years. However, they still range from 30% to 45% when the surgery is performed on critically ill patients, and the rates reach 60% in patients who have experienced cardiac arrest before the procedure. The ...
Moon Seok-Whan - - 2006
Acute massive or submassive pulmonary artery thromboembolism causes sudden hemodynamic deterioration, warranting immediate surgery. We report the case of a 67-year-old woman who suffered a syncopal attack resulting in shock, 3 weeks after undergoing orthopedic surgery. Preoperative radiologic imaging studies, including a lung perfusion scan, chest scan, and venography, showed ...
Mohan U R - - 2006
We report acute thromboembolic events in a 14-year-old boy with Down syndrome and repaired atrioventricular septal defect. He presented with sudden onset of bilateral lower limb ischemia. Transesophageal echocardiography detected a thrombus in the right atrium. An arterial saddle embolus was removed following bilateral iliac embolectomy. Despite anticoagulation, he presented ...
Dimitrakakis Georgios - - 2006
Pulmonary artery sarcoma is a known but rare tumor with poor prognosis. It is a challenging diagnostic dilemma, as the main complaint of these patients is progressive dyspnea. Dyspnea is a common symptom in cardiorespiratory disease and therefore a high index of suspicion is necessary to make the diagnosis early ...
Inoue Kazuo - - 2006
Sudden death from pulmonary thromboembolism following an earthquake has not been reported to date. This is a published case report of a 48-year-old woman who died suddenly of a pulmonary embolism on October 28, 2004. She lived in the Chuetu District in Japan, where a big epicentral earthquake occurred on ...
Marty Alan T - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Survival after surgical embolectomy for massive postcesarean pulmonary embolism causing sustained cardiac arrest is rare. CASE: One day after an uneventful cesarean delivery, a woman developed cardiac asystole and apnea due to pulmonary embolism. Femoral-femoral cardiopulmonary bypass performed during continuous cardiopulmonary resuscitation allowed a successful embolectomy. Upon awakening, the ...
Widera Eric - - 2005
Pulmonary artery sarcomas are rare neoplasms of the pulmonary artery that are often confused with chronic thromboembolic disease, as both diseases have similar presentations. In patients with presumed chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension, certain clinical and imaging characteristics may suggest the alternative diagnosis of pulmonary artery sarcoma. In this article we ...
Ting Patricia T - - 2005
INTRODUCTION: Various common malignant neoplasms (ie, liver, kidney, stomach, and breast) have been reported to embolize to the pulmonary arterial system. This uncommon occurrence can also result from metastatic sarcoma. We report 3 cases--2 chondrosarcomas and 1 osteosarcoma-associated with intravascular metastases to the pulmonary vasculature and discuss the clinical presentation ...
Manecke Gerard R GR - - 2005
Chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension results from incomplete resolution of a pulmonary embolus or from recurrent pulmonary emboli. Its incidence is underappreciated, and it is currently an undertreated phenomenon. Pulmonary thromboendarterectomy is currently the safest and most effective treatment for this condition. The surgery involves midline sternotomy, profound hypothermic circulatory arrest, ...
Levy Eli - - 2006
Primary pulmonary artery sarcoma is an uncommon tumor. Mandelstamm in 1923 was the first to describe the disease in an autopsy. Since then, less than 200 cases were reported. The incidence is 0.001-0.03%, they are always highly malignant sarcoma, and women are involved twice as often as men. The presentation ...
Kumar Sanjay - - 2005
We document the case of a 67-year-old woman who presented with a history of right upper quadrant anopia, dyspnea, hypoxemia, and a systolic murmur. An intracardiac embolus wedged at a patent foramen ovale was successfully removed by resecting the atrial septum along with a pulmonary embolectomy on cardiopulmonary bypass. We ...
Sevinc Alper - - 2005
Carbon monoxide poisoning, a public health problem of considerable significance, is a relatively frequent event today, resulting in thousands of hospitalizations annually. A 70-year-old lady was seen in the emergency department with a provisional diagnosis of carbon monoxide poisoning. The previous night, she slept in a tightly closed room heated ...
Uchida Akiko - - 2005
We describe a case of 63-year-old woman with pulmonary artery sarcoma successfully treated with chemotherapy. She developed acute shortness of breath, and left chest and shoulder pain. Although a diagnosis of acute pulmonary embolism was made at a local hospital and she received anticoagulation and thrombolysis therapy, no improvement was ...
Maloba Margartet - - 2005
A short cut review was carried out to establish the diagnostic utility of arterial blood gas analysis in patients with suspected pulmonary embolus. Altogether 459 papers were found using the reported search, of which six presented the best evidence to answer the clinical question. The author, date and country of ...
Obray Jon B - - 2005
Successful management strategies for pulmonary thromboembolism-primarily published as case reports-include a spectrum ranging from medical treatment with cardiovascular support and anticoagulation to more invasive interventions such as pulmonary embolectomy. We present a case of massive intraoperative pulmonary embolism that was managed with emergent pulmonary embolectomy. Unlike previously reported cases, this ...
Rosenberger Peter - - 2005
Surgical pulmonary embolectomy is a definitive treatment for patients with severe pulmonary embolism (PE). Postoperative placement of an inferior vena caval filter (IVCF) may prevent recurrent PE. We present a patient who underwent pulmonary embolectomy in whom postoperative placement of an IVCF was postponed due to hemodynamic instability and severe ...
Hitosugi Masahito - - 2005
An autopsy case of sudden death due to pulmonary thromboembolism after a car trip is reported. A 56-year-old Japanese man with hypertension and atrial fibrillation suddenly died immediately after having driven for two and a half hours. At autopsy, the pulmonary arteries were found to be filled with dark-red, coiling ...
Dauphine Christine - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Acute massive pulmonary embolism usually results in death if not diagnosed early and treated aggressively. Thrombolytic therapy and catheter embolectomy are increasingly used as definitive management. Emergent open embolectomy is often reserved as a last resort when less invasive methods have failed or the patient is in cardiopulmonary arrest. ...
Rastogi S - - 2005
This is a case report of a patient with underlying pulmonary thromboembolism who was diagnosed as having a large, mobile right heart thrombi while undergoing treatment with low-molecular weight heparin. She underwent emergency embolectomy with exploration of the right heart under a cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). Soon after induction of anaesthesia, ...
Marco de Lucas Enrique - - 2004
We report a case of a 58-year-old male with cirrhosis and upper gastrointestinal bleeding who developed multiple lipiodol pulmonary emboli after endoscopic injection sclerotherapy for gastric variceal bleeding. The patient did not have any respiratory symptoms after the sclerotherapy. A chest radiograph, obtained 1 day after the procedure for the ...
Rosenberger Peter - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Pulmonary embolectomy is an evolving surgical procedure for the treatment of severe pulmonary embolism. In addition to removing pulmonary thromboemboli, the achievement of optimal results also requires identification and extraction of intrathoracic, extrapulmonary thromboemboli from the right atrium, right ventricle, and the superior or inferior vena cava. Otherwise, these ...
Landolfi Jennifer A - - 2004
A 5-month-old Angus heifer with a history of acute hindlimb paresis that quickly progressed to lateral recumbency was necropsied. Gross lesions included a 6-cm segment of gray to brown discoloration and softening of the right ventrolateral spinal cord between T2 and T3. Microscopically, there was liquefactive necrosis of ventrolateral white ...
Lee Dean A - - 2004
Granulocytic sarcoma is a soft tissue collection of leukemic cells. The authors describe a 4-year-old boy with M2 acute myelogenous leukemia (AML) who presented with fever, mild nonproductive cough, and hematemesis. Although he was initially diagnosed with nodular pneumonia, rapid resolution of a pulmonary infiltrate following induction chemotherapy was suggestive ...
Spöhr Fabian - - 2004
Massive postoperative pulmonary embolism (PE) is associated with a poor prognosis in patients presenting with haemodynamic instability. Since recent surgery is a commonly accepted contraindication for thrombolytic therapy, pulmonary embolectomy is an appropriate therapeutic approach in these patients. If life-threatening symptoms of PE persist after pulmonary embolectomy, however, very few ...
Choi Eui-Young - - 2004
Pulmonary artery intimal sarcoma is a rare highly lethal disease, with additional retrograde extension to pulmonic valve and right ventricle being an extremely rare condition. It is frequently mistaken for pulmonary thromboembolism. We report a case of 64-year-old woman with progressive dyspnea initially suspected and treated for pulmonary thromboembolism. Her ...
Uemura K - - 2004
A 33 year old man was admitted to hospital six days after the onset of abdominal pain. There was hypereosinophilia, but the cause could not be identified (primary hypereosinophilia). The hypereosinophilia, high C reactive protein concentration, and gastrointestinal symptoms were alleviated by corticosteroid treatment. Unexpectedly, after this apparent recovery, he ...
Yalamanchili Kiran - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Inadequate data exist regarding the management of acute major pulmonary embolism. Various modalities that are used, including thrombolytics and embolectomy, have not been shown to conclusively improve mortality when compared to heparin. In the past, open pulmonary embolectomy was reserved for patients with severe hemodynamic instability because of its ...
Tobe Satoshi - - 2004
Primary pulmonary artery sarcoma is extremely rare and a lethal tumor. Complete resection of the tumor and following adequate reconstruction is the only hope for cure and prolonged survival. We report a case of successful surgical excision of primary pulmonary artery sarcoma involving pulmonary trunk, pulmonary valve and right ventricular ...
Webster S E - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Embolisation of atherosclerotic debris during abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) repair is responsible for significant peri-operative morbidity. Reports have suggested that preferential clamping of the distal vessel(s) before the proximal aorta may decrease the number of emboli passing distally and hence reduce complications. METHODS: Forty patients undergoing AAA repair were ...
Tsunezuka Yoshio - - 2004
Primary pulmonary sarcoma is an extremely rare malignancy, pulmonary osteogenic sarcoma is even more rare and has a poor prognosis. We present a report of a 58-year-old woman with primary pulmonary osteosarcoma occupying the right main pulmonary artery and extending to the main pulmonary artery. Right pneumonectomy was performed with ...
Müller Martin - - 2003
BACKGROUND: If carotid endarterectomy (CEA) is a clinical model of embolic stroke, then it should be possible to determine the relevance of embolus size and of the total quantity of embolic material (embolus load) for ischemic stroke. MATERIAL/METHODS: Thirty-one patients underwent a total of 33 CEAs. Diffusion weighted imaging (DWI) ...
D'Andrea N - - 2003
Primary pulmonary artery sarcomas are uncommon and usually fatal tumours. The diagnosis of these tumours is delayed in most cases as they are mistaken for pulmonary thromboembolism. We present a fatal case of a woman referred to us five months after a primary diagnosis of pulmonary thromboembolism, due to an ...
Papavassiliou V G - - 2003
We present a modification of a previously reported endovascular technique where a large embolus was "pushed and parked" into a diseased artery. A saddle embolus at the bifurcation of the popliteal artery, which occurred as a complication after a percutaneous subintimal recanalization, was pushed and parked into the tibio-peroneal trunk. ...
Chen Ju-Yi - - 2003
Pulmonary thromboembolism can lead to serious hemodynamic instability or even death. Treatment for subacute pulmonary thromboembolism is not standardized. We report a case of subacute pulmonary thromboembolism successfully treated by pulmonary thromboendarterectomy. A 63-year-old woman without underlying disease was admitted due to progressive shortness of breath with episodic exacerbation for ...
Bloomberg Richard D - - 2003
Primary pulmonary artery neoplasms are rare and lethal. Those involving the pulmonary valve are even rarer with only a few reported cases in the literature. The poor prognosis of these neoplasms, despite attempted multimodal therapy, is largely related to delay and difficulty in diagnosis. The case of a 53-year-old woman ...
Bertos-Polo Juan - - 2003
Prolonged immobility, especially bed rest for medical or surgical processes, constitutes one of the main risk factors for developing pulmonary thromboembolism. Immobility during extended plane or coach journeys (economy class syndrome) is not a frequent cause of serious pulmonary thromboembolism in healthy travellers. We report a case of serious pulmonary ...
Auer Johann - - 2003
With the advent of transesophageal echocardiography (TEE), thrombi of the aorta are becoming increasingly recognized as possible sources of systemic emboli. This report describes a 58-year-old woman with multiple unexplained peripheral emboli. A giant thrombus of the descending aorta has been identified as the source of systemic thromboembolism. The patient ...
Croitoru Anca G - - 2003
Primary pulmonary artery sarcomas are uncommon neoplasms with up to 20% of cases being leiomyosarcomas. In many instances, the diagnosis is difficult and delayed. We report the case of a 75-year-old male who presented with symptoms suggestive of recurrent pulmonary thromboemboli, in which a primary leiomyosarcoma of the pulmonary artery ...
Geschwind Jean-Francois H - - 2003
Involvement of the pulmonary vasculature by carcinoma of the breast typically occurs in the form of microscopic tumor emboli involving the small arteries, arterioles, or capillaries. Obstruction of a large pulmonary artery by a tumor embolus has not been reported. We describe a patient with a history of breast carcinoma ...
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