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Wittenberg Rianne - - 2010
PURPOSE: The purpose of the study was to assess the stand-alone performance of computer-assisted detection (CAD) for evaluation of pulmonary CT angiograms (CTPA) performed in an on-call setting. METHODS: In this institutional review board-approved study, we retrospectively included 292 consecutive CTPA performed during night shifts and weekends over a period ...
Aidinian Gilbert - - 2010
Fragment embolization is a rare phenomenon in trauma patients. Although surgical and endovascular management of vascular injuries have evolved significantly, the detection and management of fragment emboli remain a formidable challenge. We reviewed our experience with this entity from December 2001 to March 2008. During this time period, four (1.1%) ...
Dornas Ana Paula Alves Valle - - 2009
Intimal sarcoma of the pulmonary artery is a rare and potentially lethal tumor, the diagnosis of which is difficult and therefore frequently delayed. The clinical signs and symptoms are nonspecific, often mimicking chronic pulmonary thromboembolism (CPTE). We report the case of a 45-year-old male under treatment for CPTE associated with ...
Unosawa S - - 2009
We here report a case of a 53-year-old woman requiring pulmonary embolectomy for acute massive pulmonary embolism caused by a huge uterine myoma compressing veins in the pelvis and extreme obesity. She was also diagnosed as having myomatous erythrocytosis syndrome, a rare disease associated with secondary polycythemia. The polycythemia improved ...
Dansby-Kelly Annquinetta F - - 2009
A pulmonary embolus (PE) is a blockage of the pulmonary artery caused by the formation of a clot. Fifteen percent of patients who develop a pulmonary embolus may die. What is the likelihood that the surgical ophthalmic patient will develop a pulmonary embolus during surgery? The risk is high, especially ...
Ranasinghe Isuru - - 2011
Acute occlusive embolus of the left main coronary artery is a rare and usually catastrophic occurrence. We present a case report of a 59 year old with an aortic valve prosthesis presenting in cardiogenic shock following cessation of warfarin therapy. Angiography demonstrated an acute left main occlusion secondary to emboli from ...
Chu Sharon H L - - 2009
A 34-year-old man presented in cardiogenic shock secondary to massive pulmonary embolism. Surgical embolectomy was performed after failed thrombolysis. Intraoperatively, a right atrial lesion and pulmonary emboli were removed. Histopathology revealed myxoma complicated by pulmonary emboli. The patient made a good recovery. This case suggests that surgical embolectomy should be ...
Flexman Alana M - - 2009
PURPOSE: To describe a case of acute right ventricular dysfunction and hemodynamic collapse under general anesthesia in a patient undergoing resection of a pulmonary artery sarcoma. CLINICAL FEATURES: A 67-yr-old woman with a presumptive diagnosis of pulmonary embolism presented to the hospital with progressive shortness of breath and syncope despite ...
Singla Long Svati - - 2010
Pulmonary artery sarcoma is an uncommon and highly malignant neoplasm that presents a diagnostic challenge to radiologists due to its tendency to mimic the more common condition of pulmonary thromboembolism. Presented in this case report is a patient with pulmonary artery sarcoma who was initially diagnosed with saddle pulmonary embolism ...
Shehatha Jaffar - - 2009
Primary pulmonary artery sarcoma is a rare tumor that can be misdiagnosed as acute or chronic pulmonary thromboembolic disease. This article reports a patient with a preoperative diagnosis of pulmonary embolism who was found to have an extensive pulmonary artery tumor. Surgical resection of the primary pulmonary artery sarcoma and ...
Farsad Mohsen - - 2009
Pulmonary artery sarcoma, although rare, must be considered in the differential diagnosis of pulmonary thromboembolism. Clinically and radiologically, it may imitate pulmonary embolism, making diagnosis difficult and delaying treatment. Patients often have no symptom resolution despite therapeutic anticoagulation. Visualization of filling defects within a pulmonary artery on contrast-enhanced CT cannot ...
Ryerson Chris - - 2009
This case study describes a 34-year-old woman presenting with a subacute history of dyspnoea associated with pleural based masses and pulmonary infiltrates. A computed tomography guided biopsy confirmed the presence of a pleural based thymoma, and a video assisted thoracoscopic lung biopsy revealed the pulmonary infiltrates to be a lymphocytic ...
Ruddy Jean Marie - - 2008
Deep venous thrombosis and pulmonary embolism frequently occur after trauma and continue to account for significant morbidity and mortality in this population. Asymptomatic pulmonary emboli are also believed to be quite common, but the incidence as well as the implications of these events is unknown. This case report describes two ...
Tavora Fabio - - 2008
Primary sarcomas of the pulmonary artery are rare, with few series correlating histologic features with follow-up data. We present a series of 43 pulmonary artery sarcomas with primary intraluminal growth, 32 with follow-up information. Symptoms were generally related to shortness of breath and often attributed to recurrent pulmonary embolism. There ...
Bulbul Yilmaz - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Although pulmonary thromboembolism is usually considered as an acute illness, delayed presentations are fairly common. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate delays to presentation/diagnosis and their likely correlation with patients' clinical and radiographic findings in pulmonary thromboembolism. METHODS: All cases of pulmonary embolism diagnosed in our ...
Soltys Scott G - - 2008
Pulmonary artery intimal sarcoma is an uncommon tumor with a poor prognosis. We report a case of a 75-year-old man with a pulmonary artery sarcoma, recurrent following surgical resection. To palliate symptoms of this recurrence, he underwent CyberKnife stereotactic radiosurgery with a clinical and radiographic response of his treated disease. ...
Ng Him Shing - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Ischemic stroke is mainly caused by embolism. Vascular emboli can be solid or gaseous and can be non-invasively registered by transcranial Doppler ultrasound as microembolic signals (MESs). The existing methods are limited as they do not distinguish between cases in which a single embolus is present and those in ...
Terra Ricardo M - - 2008
Pulmonary artery sarcoma is an uncommon neoplasm, and its clinical and radiological presentation usually simulates chronic thromboembolic disease. We present the case of a 77-year-old woman admitted with dyspnea, chest pain, and hemoptysis. A chest computed tomographic scan showed moderate right-sided pleural effusion and a saccular dilatation of the interlobar ...
Grad Ygael - - 2008
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The feasibility and safety of a novel endovascularly delivered tubular mesh designed to reroute emboli away from a critical artery as a means of ischemic stroke prevention was tested in vitro and in vivo. METHODS: Emboli rerouting efficacy was assessed in vitro. Perfusion through the external femoral ...
Yap Elaine - - 2008
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: It has been suggested that pulmonary embolism (PE) is an under-recognized cause of pleural effusion. This study aimed to (i) establish the incidence and clinical relevance of pleural effusion in patients with pulmonary emboli; and (ii) determine if there is a relationship between development of pleural effusions ...
Rashid Abbas - - 2008
STUDY DESIGN: Case report and clinical discussion. OBJECTIVE: To describe a rare case of metastatic pulmonary intimal sarcoma presenting as cauda equine syndrome. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Pulmonary artery sarcoma is a rare tumor, frequently misdiagnosed as pulmonary embolism, and although it is highly aggressive, metastasis to bone is very ...
Myers Patrick O - - 2008
BACKGROUND AND AIM: A biatrial thrombus straddling a patent foramen ovale (PFO) is rare. The optimal management is controversial. This report offers an additional report and brief review of the literature. CASE REPORT: A 72-year-old female presented with paroxysmal dyspnea. Transthoracic echocardiography showed distended right heart cavities, pulmonary artery hypertension, ...
Zaccheo Matthew V - - 2008
We report a case of symptomatic polymethyl methacrylate pulmonary emboli after percutaneous vertebroplasty to alert clinicians to this potential cause of pulmonary emboli. A 77-year-old woman developed acute respiratory failure after multilevel percutaneous vertebroplasty. She received mechanical ventilatory support and anticoagulation with low-molecular-weight heparin and warfarin. Multiple pulmonary polymethyl methacrylate ...
Ahmed Parvez - - 2008
Indications regarding surgical pulmonary embolectomy for treatment of submassive/massive acute pulmonary embolism remain controversial. An institutional experience with pulmonary embolectomy for acute pulmonary embolism (APE) was reviewed. A retrospective analysis of all patients undergoing pulmonary embolectomy for APE from September 2004 to January 2007 was conducted. Demographic data, clinical presentation ...
Jin Tao - - 2008
Primary pulmonary artery sarcoma is an uncommon tumor. We report a case of a 73-year-old male patient with a two-week history of palpitations and shortness of breath, aggravated for two days and was believed to be pulmonary hypertension. Emergency heart ultrasound after admission presented a massive pulmonary embolism in the ...
Huwer Hanno - - 2008
We report on a sarcoma of the central pulmonary arteries. Surgical therapy consisted in replacing both main pulmonary arteries and the pulmonary trunk including the pulmonary valve. Six months later a left-sided pneumonectomy had to be performed due to an intravascular tumor. Fifteen months after first resection treatment, recurrent tumors ...
Zarrabi Khalil - - 2008
Eleven consecutive patients who had received diagnosis of massive and submassive pulmonary emboli underwent operations. After performing conventional pulmonary embolectomy, we tried to evacuate the impacted thrombus from the minor branches with the retrograde pulmonary vein perfusion. The combined amount of the removed clot was much more than that removed ...
Van Putte Bart P - - 2008
Acute massive pulmonary embolism is a life threatening medical emergency resulting in a high mortality rate. Usually, urgent thrombo-embolectomy is performed using double venous cannulation without circulatory arrest. We describe a patient suffering from acute massive pulmonary embolism that was treated by emergency thrombo-embolectomy. Due to back-bleeding the view into ...
Kim Hong Kwan - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Pulmonary artery sarcomas are exceedingly rare and the prognosis for patients with pulmonary artery sarcoma is very poor. We retrospectively reviewed the early and late outcomes after treatment for pulmonary artery sarcoma, and the purpose of this study is to report our surgical experience with this fatal disease. METHODS: ...
Uflacker R - - 2008
Venous thromboembolism and pulmonary embolism (PE) is the third most common cardiovascular disease and a leading cause of death in the US. There are many risk factors related to PE. Traditional treatments are anticoagulation, systemic thrombolysis, and surgical thrombectomy. More recently, several minimally invasive procedures were introduced, which includes catheter-directed ...
Makinodan Kiyoshi - - 2008
A 68-year-old woman, who had been diagnosed as idiopathic interstitial pneumonia, complained of progressive dyspnea on exertion for a week. Although her chest radiograph did not worsen, arterial blood gas findings were markedly worsened. Contrast-enhanced chest computed tomography showed filling defects of the right upper and middle lobe branches of ...
Long Hong-Qing - - 2008
Pulmonary artery intimal sarcoma is a rare disease with no characteristic symptoms. It is difficult to diagnose early and is frequently misdiagnosed as a pulmonary embolism. Here we report a case of pulmonary artery intimal sarcoma in a 54-year-old woman presenting with complaints of shortness of breath on exertion. Echocardiography ...
Sandhu A - - 2008
Sarcomas involving the lung are a rare occurrence, often a result of metastatic disease from primary malignancies involving the skin, liver, breast or heart. Primary pulmonary artery sarcomas are rarer still, with limited cases reported world-wide and consequently data regarding treatment modalities are sparse and largely experimental. These tumors are ...
Taniguchi Satoshi - - 2008
We report a case of acute massive pulmonary thromboembolism, which occurred during the second trimester of pregnancy in a 35-year-old woman with thrombocytopenia and anemia secondary to myelodysplastic syndrome. We performed successful emergency pulmonary embolectomy, under cardiopulmonary bypass, using argatroban as an anticoagulant. An intra-aortic balloon pump was used to ...
Schnürer Christian - - 2007
The significant risk of cerebral embolism during cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) makes monitoring of embolic events advisable already when developing new operation and coagulation management strategies for example in CPB animal models. The present study therefore evaluated in a porcine CPB model the feasibility of bilateral epicarotid Doppler signal recording and ...
Ramos Simone G - - 2008
Pulmonary artery sarcoma is a rare and highly lethal disease whose clinical findings are often indistinguishable from those of chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension. Partial improvement after thrombolytic therapy has suggested that thromboembolic phenomena may be superimposed on the tumor, but, to date, a well-documented statement of these events has not ...
Schoepf U Joseph - - 2007
BACKGROUND: We aimed to evaluate the feasibility and performance of a computer-aided detection (CAD) tool for automated detection of segmental and subsegmental pulmonary emboli. METHODS: A CAD tool (ImageChecker CT, R2 Technology, Inc) for automated detection of pulmonary emboli was evaluated on multidetector-row CT studies of varying diagnostic quality in ...
Liebig Thomas - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: We report an in vitro study comparing the effectiveness of clot removal and clot fragmentation of five embolectomy systems. METHODS: A flow model was embolized with fresh and old thrombi, occluding an inner diameter of 2-5 mm simulating internal carotid artery (ICA), basilar artery (BA) and middle cerebral artery ...
Willis Scott L - - 2007
A 25-year-old man presented with complaints of nonpleuritic, substernal chest pain, dyspnea, and decreasing exercise tolerance. His vital signs were normal, with the exception of an oxygen saturation level of 93% while breathing room air. During his assessment, he developed transient left facial droop, left arm and leg weakness, and ...
Powell B P - - 2007
Levosimendan has been used successfully in the treatment of ischaemic cardiac failure and myocardial stunning. There is growing evidence from both human and animal experiments that levosimendan has particularly favourable effects on the right ventricle. We describe a case of life-threatening pulmonary embolus supported by the use of levosimendan.
King S - - 2007
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Anterior cerebral artery (ACA) emboli may occur before or during fibrinolytic revascularization of middle cerebral artery (MCA) and internal carotid artery (ICA) T occlusions. We sought to determine the incidence and effect of baseline and new embolic ACA occlusions in the Interventional Management of Stroke (IMS) studies. ...
Leblanc Michel - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To verify the negative predictive value of pulmonary ventilation/perfusion scintigraphy with single photon emission computed tomography (V/Q SPECT) in ruling out pulmonary thromboembolism. METHODS: V/Q SPECT using 99mTc-Technegas was performed on 584 patients to rule out pulmonary thromboembolism between October 2004 and July 2005. Pulmonary thromboembolism was defined as ...
Janssen R P A - - 2007
Arterial complications after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR) are rare. We present a case report of a 44-year-old male patient with a subtotal occlusion of the popliteal artery, with sensory loss in the foot, 17 days after ACLR. Embolectomy and anticoagulant therapy led to full recovery of the peripheral arterial ...
Nakahira Atsushi - - 2007
Malignant pulmonary artery tumors represented by sarcomas are rare, but fatal. Early diagnosis and radical surgical resection offer the only chance for survival. However, surgical intervention has some challenging aspects, and prognosis is poor even after tumor resection. We report a case of a pulmonary artery sarcoma between the right ...
Amirghofran Ahmad A - - 2007
Acute pulmonary embolism is a serious condition and despite diagnostic and therapeutic advances, mortality is still high. Anticoagulation, thrombolytic therapy, catheter embolectomy, and open pulmonary embolectomy are therapeutic options. Surgical embolectomy was considered the management of last resort, but recent studies show the effectiveness of this therapeutic modality. We reviewed ...
Coli A - - 2007
Pulmonary artery sarcoma is an exceptionally rare tumor which must be considered in the differential diagnosis of pulmonary thromboembolism. We report the case of a 36-year-old woman and review 100 cases published in the literature between 1988 and 2005. The patient presented with a history of dyspnea, fatigue, fever, night ...
Auger William R - - 2007
The description of organized thrombus in major pulmonary arteries can be found in autopsy reports dating back to the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. Not until the 1950s was the antemortem diagnosis and clinical syndrome of chronic thrombotic obstruction of the major pulmonary arteries better characterized. The first surgical ...
Borsaru A D - - 2007
Intracavitary cardiac metastasis is rare. Apart from causing intracardiac obstruction, this type of metastasis can present as pulmonary emboli. It is important to suspect this diagnosis in an oncology patient with recurrent pulmonary emboli, particularly in the setting of a negative venous Doppler ultrasound of the lower limbs and pelvis. ...
Ozbek Cengiz - - 2007
We describe the case of a 42-year-old man who presented with dyspnea on exertion and a history of anticoagulation therapy for what was thought to be pulmonary arterial thromboembolism. He underwent surgery for obstruction of the right ventricular outflow tract. This is a very rare case of an intimal sarcoma ...
Kathiravel Yaso - - 2007
We present the case of a 73-year-old man with a pulmonary artery sarcoma successfully treated as a result of an international surgical collaboration. The tumour was initially deemed to be unresectable due to a lack of local expertise managing cardiac malignancies. Since the patient was unable to travel to a ...
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