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Grasso Giovanni G Department of Neurosurgery, University of Palermo, Policlinico Universitario "Giaccone", Via del Vespro 129, Palermo, 90100, Italy, - - 2015
Subarachnoid haemorrhage (SAH) caused by a ruptured aneurysm accounts for only 5 % of strokes, but occurs at a fairly young age and carries a poor prognosis. Delayed cerebral ischaemia (DCI) is an important cause of death and dependence after aneurysmal SAH. The current mainstay of preventing DCI is nimodipine ...
Bhakta Avinash A Department of Surgery, Albany Medical College, Albany, New - - 2014
Inflammatory bowel disease confers a hypercoagulable state. A large number of these patients require central venous access in the form of peripherally inserted central catheters for long-term intravenous therapies. Our clinical observations suggested that these patients had a higher incidence of catheter-associated deep venous thrombosis than that of the general ...
Czerny Martin M Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, University Hospital Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland - - 2014
To learn upon incidence, underlying mechanisms and effectiveness of treatment strategies in patients with central airway and pulmonary parenchymal aorto-bronchial fistulation after thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR). Analysis of an international multicentre registry (European Registry of Endovascular Aortic Repair Complications) between 2001 and 2012 with a total caseload of 4680 ...
Nazzal M M Department of Surgery, Division of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery, University of Toledo Medical Center, Toledo, OH, USA - - 2014
To determine the frequency of left common iliac vein (CIV) compression by the right common iliac artery (CIA) based on CT scan images. CT scan images were reviewed and the diameter of CIV was measured at the area of minimal diameter and compared to the distal adjacent segment and the ...
Folsom A R AR Division of Epidemiology & Community Health, School of Public Health, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, - - 2014
Sickle cell trait may increase risk of venous thromboembolism, but this is not fully established. We sought to determine the association of sickle cell trait with deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism. Middle-aged African Americans participating in a prospective, population-based cohort investigation, the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities Study, were followed ...
Chong Gun Oh GO Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, School of Medicine, Kyungpook National University Medical Center, Daegu, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to classify anatomical variations of the internal iliac vein (IIV) in relation to robotic or laparoscopic extended lymphadenectomy. Between March 2011 and July 2012, 60 consecutive patients underwent robotic or laparoscopic extended lymphadenectomy. We retrospectively reviewed surgical video clips and analyzed the pattern of ...
Tian Yong Y Department of Neurosurgery, Second Affiliated Hospital, School of Medicine, Zhejiang University, 88 Jiefang Road, Hangzhou, 310009, Zhejiang, - - 2014
Persistent proatlantal artery is one rare kind of persistent primitive anastomoses between carotid and basilar vascular system. This case firstly introduces a type I proatlantal artery with complex vascular anomalies of bilateral vertebral arteries and a ruptured aneurysm, which is extremely uncommon. A 43-year-old female was hospitalised for SAH and ...
Smith J Gustav JG Department of Cardiology, Clinical Sciences, Lund University, Lund, Sweden2Department of Heart Failure and Valvular Disease, Skåne University Hospital, Lund, Sweden3Department of Clinical Sciences, Lund University, Malmö, Sweden4Program in Medical and - - 2014
Plasma low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) has been associated with aortic stenosis in observational studies; however, randomized trials with cholesterol-lowering therapies in individuals with established valve disease have failed to demonstrate reduced disease progression. To evaluate whether genetic data are consistent with an association between LDL-C, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), or ...
Park Keun Young KY From the Departments of Neurosurgery (K.Y.P.), Radiology (B.M.K., D.J.K., D.I.K.), and Neurology (J.H.H., H.S.N., Y.D.K., D.S.), Severance Hospital, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, South - - 2014
Little is known about high-signal lesions in magnetic resonance diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI [+]) after stenting for intracranial atherosclerotic stenosis. This study aimed to evaluate the incidence, distribution, risk factors, and clinical implications of DWI (+) after intracranial stenting. A total of 123 patients (male:female=88:35, mean age, 64.1 years) with symptomatic ...
Korzeniewski Krzysztof K Military Institute of Medicine, Department of Epidemiology and Tropical Medicine, Gdynia, Poland. Electronic address: - - 2014
Every year thousands of ski, trekking or climbing fans travel to the mountains where they stay at the altitude of more than 2,500-3,000m above sea level or climb mountain peaks, often exceeding 7,000-8,000m. High mountain climbers are at a serious risk from the effects of adverse environmental conditions prevailing at ...
Lee Young-Jun YJ Division of Neuroradiology, Department of Medical Imaging, Toronto Western Hospital, University of Toronto, 399 Bathurst St., 3 McLaughlin Wing, Toronto, ON, M5T 2S8, - - 2014
The purpose of our study was to compare the clinical characteristics and preferential localization of aneurysms in three patient groups: single aneurysm, non-mirror multiple aneurysms, and mirror aneurysms. We retrospectively reviewed the clinical and radiological data of 2223 consecutive patients harboring 3068 aneurysms registered at the Toronto Western Hospital between ...
Al Talalwah Waseem W King Abdullah International Medical Research Center/King Saud bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences, College of Medicine, Department of Basic Medical Sciences, Hospital-NGHA, Mail Code: 3127, P.O. Box 3660, Riyadh, 11481, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, - - 2014
The iliolumbar artery (ILA) is a standard branch from the posterior trunk of the internal iliac artery. It is the only pelvic artery ascending from pelvic cavity. Current study comprises 171 cadavers dissection to assess the origin variability of ILA. The present study identified the incidence of the ILA origin ...
Hoey Edward T D ET 1 Department of Radiology, Heart of England NHS Trust, Birmingham, UK ; 2 Department of Radiology, Medway NHS Trust, Kent, - - 2014
Duplication of the left anterior descending (LAD) coronary artery is a rare anomaly (incidence 1%) characterized by a short LAD that terminates high in the anterior interventricular groove and a long LAD that has a proximal course outside the anterior interventricular groove and returns to the groove in its distal ...
Mirza Aleem K H AK Eastern Virginia Medical School, Norfolk, VA, USA - - 2014
We seek to determine whether vascular closure devices (VCDs) are safe and effective for brachial artery access. A retrospective review of brachial artery access using either manual compression (MC) or a VCD for hemostasis from November 2005 to February 2011 was performed. Brachial artery access was performed on 154 limbs: ...
Winquist Andrea A Environmental Health Department, Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia, - - 2014
Several previous studies, mostly cross-sectional, have found associations between perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) and high cholesterol levels, but studies of hypertension and heart disease have had inconsistent findings. This study examined the association between modeled PFOA exposure and incident hypertension, hypercholesterolemia, and coronary artery disease among workers at a Mid-Ohio Valley ...
Atluri Pavan P Division of Cardiovascular Surgery, Department of Surgery, Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, - - 2014
Minimally invasive, right thoracotomy (port access) approaches to intracardiac operations (mitral valve, tricuspid valve, atrial septal defect, intracardiac tumors) are becoming increasingly accepted by surgeons, cardiologists, and patients alike. Standard techniques for cardioplegic arrest of the heart have included endoaortic balloons and Chitwood clamps. Concerns have been raised regarding the potential ...
Lee Ho Kyun HK Department of Surgery, Chonnam National University Medical School, Gwangju, - - 2014
We investigated whether suprarenal and infrarenal aortic angles change after the endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) procedure and during follow-up, and investigated the correlation between infrarenal aortic angle after EVAR and type Ia endoleaks. Data collected on 70 EVAR procedures for a fusiform infrarenal aortic aneurysm performed between May 2006 and ...
Boudjemline Younes Y Department of Paediatric Cardiology, Centre de Référence Malformations Cardiaques Congénitales Complexes - M3C, Necker Hospital for Sick Children, Assistance Publique des Hôpitaux de Paris, Paris, - - 2014
Aims: Conduit rupture is a serious complication encountered during percutaneous pulmonary valve implantation (PPVI). We sought to evaluate the incidence and predictors of conduit rupture during right ventricular outflow tract (RVOT) transcatheter treatment. Methods and results: All consecutive patients who underwent transcatheter RVOT treatment from May 2008 to December 2011 ...
Mukhopadhyay Anirban - - 2014
The limitations of conventional imaging techniques have hitherto precluded a thorough and formal investigation of the complex morphology of the left ventricular (LV) endocardial surface and its relation to the severity of Coronary Artery Disease (CAD). However, recent developments in highresolution Multirow-Detector Computed Tomography (MDCT) scanner technology have enabled the ...
Peacher Dionne F DF 1Department of Anesthesiology, Center for Hyperbaric Medicine and Environmental Physiology, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC; 2Department of Medicine, Center for Hyperbaric Medicine and Environmental Physiology, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, - - 2014
Immersion pulmonary edema occurs in swimmers (especially triathletes) and scuba divers. Its pathophysiology and risk factors are incompletely understood. This study was designed to establish the prevalence of pre-existing comorbidities in individuals who experience immersion pulmonary edema. From 2008 to May 2010, individuals who had experienced immersion pulmonary edema were ...
Fabiani Adam A Cardiac Surgery Intensive Care Unit, Azienda Ospedaliero-Universitaria Ospedali Riuniti, Trieste - - - 2014
In cardiac surgery, Swan-Ganz catheter (SGC) is often necessary and is inserted before the intervention through an introducer catheter. Catheter-related thrombosis (CRT) is a frequent complication of this procedure and often remains subclinical. The aims of this prospective cohort study were to determinate the incidence of CRT after positioning an ...
Hakim Kaouthar K Department of Pediatric Cardiology, La Rabta Hospital, Tunia, - - 2014
Kawasaki disease (KD) is a common acute vasculitis in pediatric population that usually involves small- and middle-sized arteries, commonly coronary arteries. Although the incidence and natural course of coronary aneurysms after KD are well documented in studies, related reports on peripheral arterial and aortic aneurysms are scarce. We report the ...
Sivagnanam Kamesh K Department of Internal Medicine at East Tennessee State University in Johnson City, - - 2014
We present two variant cases of spontaneous rectus sheath hematoma (SRSH). A 71-year-old woman presented with ST elevation myocardial infarction and was found to have multivessel coronary artery disease. She was treated with aspirin, clopidogrel, eptifibatide, and heparin. Heparin was continued while preoperative workup for coronary artery bypass grafting was ...
M Madhura M Associate Professor, Department of Physiology, Amala Institute of Medical sciences , Thrissur, Kerala, India - - 2014
Arterial compliance will result in stabilizing the fluctuations in arterial pressure and blood flow. So arterial stiffness can be a good indicator for monitoring the cardiovascular system. Arterial stiffness can be measured using indices like reflection index (RI), stiffness index (SI) and Brachial Finger Pulse Wave Velocity (BFPWV). Aim of ...
Stone Patrick A PA Department of Surgery, West Virginia University, Charleston, WV. Electronic address: - - 2014
The femoral artery has been the primary percutaneous-based arterial access site for coronary artery catheterizations for more than three decades. Noncardiac percutaneous-based procedures have also been performed primarily with femoral access and have increased in number exponentially by vascular specialists in past decades. Groin complications are infrequent in incidence after ...
Hokari Masaaki M Department of Neurosurgery, Kushiro Rousai Hospital, Sapporo, Japan. Electronic address: - - 2014
Previous studies have indicated that cerebrovascular diseases (CVDs) seem to increase the occurrence of unruptured intracranial aneurysms (UIAs). However, this maybe explained by the fact that CVDs and UIAs share common risk factors, such as hypertension (HT) and smoking. To clarify the impact of atherosclerotic risk factors on cerebral aneurysmal ...
Wen Li L Department of Cardio-Pulmonary Circulation, Shanghai Pulmonary Hospital, Tongji University School of Medicine, Shanghai, China; Department of Cardiology, the First Affiliated Hospital, Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing, - - 2014
Supraventricular arrhythmias (SVA) may be risk factors of prognosis in patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension. SVA are increasingly reported in patients with pulmonary hypertension, but little is known about their incidence and outcomes for patients with idiopathic pulmonary arterial hypertension (IPAH) in a large cohort. In this 6-year prospective multicenter study, ...
Hatzidakis Adam A Department of Medical Imaging, University Hospital of Heraklion, Medical School of Crete, 71110, Heraklion, Greece, - - 2014
Arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) are communications between an artery and a vein outside the capillary level. This pathologic communication may be either a fistula, a simple communication between a single artery and a dilated vein, or a more complex communication, a nidus of tortuous channels between one or more arteries/arterioles and ...
Agarwal Vijay V Division of Neurosurgery, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina; - - 2014
We present the case of a balloon-assisted, stent-supported coil embolization of a basilar tip aneurysm. Initially, a balloon extending from the basilar artery into the right PCA was placed. (3) However, even with a more proximal purchase, coils were found to impinge on the left PCA. Subsequently, a transcirculation approach ...
Patel Biraj M BM Department of Radiology, University of Wisconsin Hospital and Clinics, 600 Highland Avenue, Madison, WI 53705, USA; Department of Neurological Surgery, University of Wisconsin Hospital and Clinics, 600 Highland Avenue, Madison, WI 53705, - - 2014
Endovascular management of intracranial aneurysms has advanced significantly over the last couple decades and continues to evolve, including aneurysms within the subgroup of supraclinoid internal carotid artery (ophthalmic, superior hypophyseal, posterior communicating, anterior choroidal, dorsal wall/blister, and carotid terminus).
Tarulli E E From the Department of Medical Imaging (E.T., A.J.F.), University of Toronto, Ontario, Canada; and Oxford Neurovascular and Neuroradiology Research Unit (M.S., A.C., A.J.M.), University of Oxford, Oxford, UK. - - 2014
Anterior communicating artery aneurysms account for one-fourth of all intracranial aneurysms and frequently occur in the context of A1 vessel asymmetry. The purpose of this study was to correlate circle of Willis anatomic variation association to angiographic and clinical outcomes of anterior communicating aneurysm coiling. The Cerecyte Coil Trial provides ...
Jackson Mike M East Lancashire Hospitals Trust - Community - - 2014
Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) is a thrombus or blood clot that can occur in any of the deep veins in the body. DVTs occur most commonly in the leg or pelvis but also travel to the lungs, causing pulmonary embolism.
Peschillo S S Department of Neurology and Psychiatry, Endovascular Neurosurgery/Interventional Neuroradiology, "Sapienza", University of Rome, Rome, Italy - - - 2014
Blood blister-like aneurysms (BBA) consist of focal wall defects covered with thin fibrous tissue correlated with the marked fragility of their wall; this concept is very important for deciding the right treatment of the latter. Until 2008, it was thought that this type of aneurysms almost exclusively affected the internal ...
Toyota Shingo S Department of Neurosurgery, Kansai Rosai Hospital, Hyogo, - - 2014
Objective To report a rare case of unruptured internal carotid-posterior communicating artery (IC-PC) aneurysm splitting the oculomotor nerve treated by clipping and to review the previously published cases. Case Presentation A 42-year-old man suddenly presented with left oculomotor paresis. Three-dimensional digital subtraction angiography (3D DSA) demonstrated a left IC-PC aneurysm with a ...
Black Carl M - - 2014
A thorough understanding of venous anatomy and physiology is foundational to the diagnosis and management of venous disease. Compared with the arterial system, there is significantly greater developmental variation in the venous system. The veins of the lower extremity include the superficial and deep veins, which are defined by their ...
Krzy┼╝ewski Roger M RM Department of Anatomy, Jagiellonian University Medical College, 12 Kopernika Street, 31-034, Krakow, - - 2014
The anatomy of the anterior communicating artery complex plays a critical role in surgical treatment of anterior cerebral circulation aneurysms. A thorough description of vascular variations of the anterior communicating artery complex seems to be lacking. The aim of this study was to describe the anatomical variations of the anterior ...
Kilic Ismail Dogu ID Department of Cardiology, Pamukkale University, Denizli, Turkey. Electronic address: - - 2014
Direct communication of the right pulmonary artery and the left atrium is an extremely rare congenital malformation of the pulmonary vasculature. A 41-year-old woman with a history of cyanosis since childhood presented with mild exertional dyspnea. On physical examination, she had central cyanosis, clubbing of the fingers, and an upright ...
Bawany Faizan Imran - - 2014
Coronary artery bypass graft surgery relieves angina symptoms and reduces mortality among ischaemic heart disease patients. It remains the gold standard for the treatment of multi-vessel and left main coronary artery disease. It is a well-known fact that internal mammary artery conduits have excellent and long-lasting patency when used for ...
Malik Sonika S *D.N. Sharma Hospital, Sonipat, Haryana †Lung Care & Sleep Centre, Fortis Hiranandani Hospital, Vashi, Navi Mumbai, India ‡Respiratory Institute, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, - - 2014
Chronic pulmonary venous hypertension causes dilatation and engorgement of bronchial veins because of a close communication between bronchial and pulmonary veins. We report a case of severe left ventricular systolic dysfunction with chronically elevated pulmonary venous pressure leading to characteristic bronchoscopic findings of engorgement of bronchial veins.
Lee Hae Young HY Department of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, Kosin University Gospel Hospital, Kosin University College of Medicine, - - 2014
Vieussens' arterial ring (VAR) is the connection between the conus branch of the right coronary artery and the proximal right ventricular branch of the left anterior descending coronary artery. VARs are found in 48% of the population; however, pathologic VAR is rare. We experienced a case of pathologic VAR that ...
Kertmen H H Department of Neurological Surgery, School of Medicine and Public Health, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI, 53792, USA - - - 2014
Although configurations of the posterior cerebral artery (PCA) and posterior communicating artery (PComA) have been extensively studied, reported rates of adult (AC), fetal (FC) and transitional configurations (TC) vary widely due to techniques used. A histological technique was applied to measure the circumference of the arteries and this was compared ...
Mattingly Thomas T Department of Neurosurgery, George Washington University Medical Faculty Associates, Washington, DC, - - 2014
Flow diverters represent a paradigm shift in the treatment of aneurysms. However, unusual and poorly understood complications are being reported. We present a case of a giant internal carotid artery terminus aneurysm treated with flow diversion that progressively and symptomatically enlarged despite a reduction in the filling portion. Complete occlusion ...
Lee Hyung-Jin HJ From the *Division in Anatomy and Developmental Biology, Department of Oral Biology, Human Identification Research Center, BK21 PLUS Project, Yonsei University College of Dentistry, Seoul; †Department of Occupational Therapy, College of Health and Welfare, Woosong University, Daejeon; ‡Department of Dental Hygiene, School of Health and Medicine, Namseoul University, Choenan, and §the Chula Soft Cadaver Surgical Training Center and Department of Anatomy, Faculty of Medicine, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, - - 2014
Injectable dermal fillers are frequently used to reduce the appearance of various facial creases and rhytids. However, venous complications can develop while injecting dermal filler, especially in the nasoglabellar area. The aims of this study were to determine the anatomic patterns of the veins in the nasoglabellar area and to ...
Zhang Song S Department of Geriatric Cardiology, Chinese PLA General Hospital, No.28, Fuxing Road, Beijing 100853, China ; School of Medicine, Nankai University, NO.94, Weijin Road, Tianjin 300071, - - 2014
Arterial stiffness and homocysteine are both powerful predictors of cardiovascular disease, especially in older populations. Previous studies have investigated the association of homocysteine with arterial stiffness in human subjects, while the relationship between homocysteine and arterial stiffness in the elderly is still indefinite. The current study examined the association of ...
Ito Hidemichi H Department of Neurosurgery, St.Marianna University School of Medicine, Kanagawa, - - 2014
A 79-year-old woman presented with a subarachnoid hemorrhage. Angiography revealed pseudoaneurysm formation due to rupture of a true saccular anterior communicating artery aneurysm. Coil embolization, limited to the true aneurysm, was performed successfully with a favorable clinical outcome. This procedure can be considered as an alternative treatment option for similar ...
Bos Daniel D Department of Radiology, Erasmus Medical Center, Rotterdam, the Netherlands2Department of Epidemiology, Erasmus Medical Center, Rotterdam, the - - 2014
IMPORTANCE Intracranial atherosclerosis represents a relatively unexplored, but potentially important, cause of stroke in a white population. OBJECTIVE To investigate the relationship between intracranial carotid artery calcification (ICAC) as a marker of intracranial atherosclerosis and the risk of stroke in whites. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS A population-based cohort study in ...
Lu Daniel Y DY Yale University Vascular Biology and Therapeutics Program, New Haven, Connecticut; Department of Surgery, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, - - 2014
Veins are exposed to the arterial environment during two common surgical procedures, creation of vein grafts and arteriovenous fistulae (AVF). In both cases, veins adapt to the arterial environment that is characterized by different hemodynamic conditions and increased oxygen tension compared with the venous environment. Successful venous adaptation to the ...
Turker Yasin Y Department of Cardiology, Duzce University, Duzce, Turkey. Electronic address: - - 2014
Intercoronary communication is a very rare coronary artery anomaly. It is defined as an open-ended circulation with bidirectional blood flow between two coronary arteries. Coronary artery fistulas are abnormal communications between a coronary artery and a cardiac chamber or major vessel. A 62-year-old man was admitted to our hospital with ...
Wenz H H Department of Neuroradiology, University Medical Center Mannheim, University of Heidelberg, Mannheim, Germany, - - 2014
Spontaneous subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) is usually caused by a ruptured cerebral aneurysm. Despite the use of initial four-vessel cerebral digital subtraction angiography (DSA), 15 % of all cases remain idiopathic. According to the initial computed tomographic scan, the spontaneous SAH can be divided into a perimesencephalic group associated with a benign ...
Zhang Chi - - 2014
Circle of Willis (CoW) plays a significant role in maintaining the blood supply for the brain. Specifically, when the stenosis occurs in the internal carotid artery (ICA), abnormal structures of CoW would decrease the compensatory capacity, leading to the local insufficiency of cerebral blood supply. The present paper built a ...
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