Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 1235
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Sert Ahmet - - 2005
Perimesencephalic nonaneurysmal hemorrhage is a benign form of subarachnoid hemorrhages. This entity is well recognized as a distinct type of subarachnoid hemorrhage in adults. However, perimesencephalic nonaneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage in pediatric patients is not well recognized. Angiographic changes such as vasospasm are uncommon in patients, especially in pediatric patients suffering ...
Alves J V JV Neuroradiology Service, Hospital Geral de Santo António, Porto; Portugal - - - 2005
We report the case of a 49-year-old woman with a massive subarachnoid haemorrhage in conjunction with trauma. The initial cerebral angiography was normal. Three weeks later she had a second subarachnoid haemorrhage. A repeat angiography demonstrated an eight mm aneurysm of the internal carotid artery bifurcation, a region clearly normal ...
Kubo Michiya - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Aneurysms associated with vertebrobasilar fenestrations are uncommon. We report on an unusual presentation of such aneurysm with a dedicated arterial pedicle, manifesting with significant intraventricular hemorrhage. Equally important, the aneurysm was managed in a multidisciplinary fashion, which, we think, greatly contributed to a good outcome. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 55-year-old ...
Berlis Ansgar - - 2005
Solitary aneurysms of spinal arteries lacking associated vascular malformations are rare. We report three patients with spinal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) due to rupture of such aneurysms, which regressed spontaneously, as confirmed on conventional angiography. One patient had spinal SAH with presumed spontaneous dissection of a segmental artery. In the other ...
Dryjski Maciej L - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Hemorrhage from large retroperitoneal veins is usually controlled by suturing the venous tear. Infrequently, the extent and location of the tear and amount of hemorrhage preclude successful suturing. METHODS: In seven patients with severe hemorrhage from large retroperitoneal veins encountered in association with resection of retroperitoneal sarcoma (6) or ...
Chang Shu-Jen - - 2005
Acute massive pulmonary hemorrhage (AMPH) is a rare life-threatening complication of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). We report a lupus nephritis patient with active disease, in whom AMPH developed after craniotomy for brain injury. Computed tomography scan of the brain revealed a subdural hemorrhage and intracranial hemorrhage with a midline shift, ...
Türeyen Kudret - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: This study looked at the effects of single and multiple small subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) caused by puncturing a small branch of the basilar artery in rats. METHODS: Rats were subjected to single SAH (n = 21), multiple SAH (n = 21), sham operation (n = 21), or no procedures ...
Shiraishi Shin-ichiro - - 2005
Bulbar compression by vertebral artery (VA) aneurysm is extremely rare and only reported in a few cases. We report two cases with thrombosed VA aneurysm compressing medulla oblongata; one presented with bulbar apoplexy hemorrhage and the other with subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). A 61-year-old male (case 1) presented with consciousness disturbances, ...
Gentile Salvatore - - 2006
We report the case of a patient suffering from migraine without aura since childhood who, at the age of 58 years, developed cluster headache (CH) attacks. This second type of headache was related to an aneurysm of the anterior communicating artery (ACoA) whose bursting caused subarachnoid haemorrhage. The aneurysm's clipping ...
Kirmani Jawad F - - 2005
Aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (aSAH) is a common and devastating form of stroke. A large number of patients with aSAH develop angiographic or clinical vasospasm responsible for high morbidity and mortality. Rapid advances in the field of interventional neurology and the development of minimally invasive techniques have resulted in expansion of ...
Satyarthee G D - - 2005
A case of pituitary apoplexy in a child with massive subarachnoid and intraventricular hemorrhage is reported. The patient presented with a sudden onset of headache, diminution of visual acuity and a bitemporal visual field defect. Computerized tomography revealed a massive subarachnoid hemorrhage with extension of blood into the third ventricle. ...
White Richard A - - 2005
We report an erosion and hemorrhage of a left anterior tibial artery associated with a vacuum-assisted closure device. To our knowledge, this report represents the first arterial erosion associated with a vacuum-assisted closure device. We estimate our patient lost 6 units of blood. The hemorrhage was complicated by anticoagulation and ...
Janjua Nazli - - 2005
INTRODUCTION: Subarachnoid hemorrhage is one of the most common entities encountered in neurocritical care units. Knowledge of disease sequelae and their management is paramount for all neurointensivists. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study relates the case of a 70-year-old woman with poor grade subarachnoid hemorrhage who underwent endovascular detachable coil embolization ...
Kreitschmann-Andermahr Ilonka - - 2005
Common causes of pituitary insufficiency include pathologies such as pituitary adenomas, other intra- and parasellar tumors, as well inflammatory, surgical or radiation-induced destruction of pituitary tissue. More recently, hypopituitarism has also been identified as a frequent sequel of traumatic brain injury (TBI). Despite the close anatomical relationship between pituitary gland, ...
Dull Christopher - - 2005
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Cerebral vasospasm remains a major complication associated with aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage. Although several case reports have demonstrated that intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH) related to a ruptured arteriovenous malformation can result in vasospasm in the absence of subarachnoid hemorrhage, to our knowledge, this is the first case report of ...
Nishizawa Shigeru - - 2005
The elusive nature of events that sustain cerebral vasospasm after subarachnoid hemorrhage resulting from a ruptured aneurysm presents major challenges in designing effective therapies for this frequently devastating condition. Protracted cerebral artery constriction entails several dynamic components in intracellular signaling events initiated by endothelial factors, products of hemolysate, and numerous ...
Lin Yu-Ching - - 2005
Reports of leptospirosis have recently been increasing in Taiwan. We report a case of leptospirosis with the unusual initial manifestation of pulmonary hemorrhage. The patient presented with cough for 1 week and was admitted. After admission, fever, hemoptysis and severe dyspnea developed suddenly. Chest radiograph showed bilateral diffuse pulmonary infiltrates ...
Schuiling Wouter J - - 2005
In patients with aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH), secondary complications are an important cause of morbidity and case fatality. Delayed cerebral ischemia and hydrocephalus are important intracranial secondary complications. Potentially treatable extracranial complications are also frequently observed, and some are related to the occurrence of delayed cerebral ischemia and outcome. In ...
McGee Shawn M - - 2004
A healthy 31-year-old male abstinent from drug abuse during his recent incarceration developed slurred speech, a severe headache, and left-sided hemiparesis prior to his eventual death 9.5 hours after inhalation of methamphetamine. On postmortem examination, inspection of the brain revealed bilateral subarachnoid hemorrhage, with a prominent intralobar hemorrhage centered within ...
Suhardja Agustinus - - 2004
Molecular biologic investigations in the past decades have begun to unravel the intracellular mechanisms involved in vasomotor regulation of cerebral blood vessels and their failure in delayed cerebral vasospasm produced by aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage. Progress in deciphering macrovascular regulatory mechanisms and their failure in delayed cerebral vasospasm induced by aneurysmal ...
Wong G K - - 2004
INTRODUCTION: Digital subtraction angiography is recognized as the standard investigation for isolated third nerve palsy thought to be caused by an expanding aneurysm. We reviewed our experience in using computed tomographic angiography (CTA) as the first line investigation for patients presenting with isolated third nerve palsy without subarachnoid hemorrhage. METHOD: ...
Doillon Charles J - - 2004
Biologic sealants are needed in numerous, more and more demanding, procedures--especially with developments occurring in endovascular and laparoscopic vascular techniques. An initial pilot study in dogs showed that a 4-cm aortotomy closed with a polyester patch sutured in place by a 4-mm-spaced running suture consistently led to massive hemorrhage. We ...
English Lorraine A - - 2004
Cerebral arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) are formed from a vascular plexus of direct arterial-venous connections that progressively dilate, making them prone to rupture. They are frequently asymptomatic and often remain undiagnosed until they present with associated symptoms of headaches, seizures, neurological deficits, or hemorrhages. Occurrence of headache during pregnancy and labor ...
Kanne Jeffrey P - - 2004
Intracranial aneurysms occur in patients with autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) approximately five times more often than in the general population, and in the same patient group, subarachnoid hemorrhage from rupture of aneurysms occurs about a decade earlier than in the general population. We present a case of unsuspected ...
Caeiro Lara - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Delirium may be a presenting feature in acute subarachnoid haemorrhage (SAH). The aim of this study was to investigate the risk factors for delirium in acute SAH and to analyse the relation between delirium and location and amount of haematic densities and hydrocephalus. METHODS: We assessed delirium in a ...
Cakir Ertugrul - - 2004
Six patients with intracavernous carotid artery aneurysms (ICCAAns) were seen at our department from 1998 to 2002. All patients had only one intracranial aneurysm and their ages at diagnosis ranged from 36 to 72 years (median 56). Five were women and four had a history of hypertension. One patient was ...
Goldsher Dorith - - 2004
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Optimal means for assessing cerebral vasospasm, mainly at the vertebrobasilar system, have not been established. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the role of multisection CT angiography (MCTA) in the detection and quantification of vertebrobasilar vasospasm (VBS) indicated on transcranial Doppler (TCD) imaging in patients ...
Matsumoto K - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: Primary hypertensive intracerebral hemorrhage (PICH) is caused by a rupture of a small endartery, and diagnosis is made either by computed tomography (CT) or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Vascular abnormalities are not always evaluated in detail. In this study, we aimed to clarify the incidence of co-existing vascular abnormalities, ...
Riviello C - - 2004
Cerebrovascular diseases are rare in pregnancy and mostly caused by rupture of an arterial aneurysm. We present the case of a pregnant woman at 36 weeks of gestation who had a subarachnoid hemorrhage resulting from rupture of an unknown aneurysm, and who underwent a Cesarean section and an endovascular treatment ...
Smith Eric E - - 2004
Hyperacute, spontaneous, and severe parenchymal postischemic hemorrhage is considered rare but might be frequently misdiagnosed as primary intracerebral hemorrhage. The authors report 2 patients with catastrophic postischemic hemorrhage unrelated to anticoagulation, thrombolytics, or coagulopathy. Patient 1 was a 73-year-old woman with left posterior frontal lobe infarction, followed at 5.5 hours ...
Hertz Jeffrey A - - 2004
The management of patients with head and neck cancer can be complicated by massive carotid artery hemorrhage, often requiring ligation owing to the emergent conditions and scarring from previous surgery and radiation. A case of emergent endovascular management of carotid artery hemorrhage in a patient treated for pharyngeal carcinoma is ...
Ajtai Bela - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Oculomotor nerve paresis may have relatively benign but also life-threatening causes. Distinguishing between these is of great clinical importance. OBJECTIVE: To reveal a potential pitfall of the clinical evaluation of oculomotor nerve paresis. PATIENT: Single case observation. RESULTS: A 56-year-old man had fluctuating diplopia and fatigable ptosis, promptly relieved ...
Choi Seong Ho - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Postoperative hemorrhage, particularly delayed hemorrhage after pancreaticoduodenectomy, is a serious complication and one of the most common causes of mortality after pancreaticoduodenectomy. STUDY DESIGN: The medical records of 500 patients who underwent pancreaticoduodenectomy between October 1994 and December 2002 were analyzed with regard to postoperative hemorrhagic complications. Delayed hemorrhage ...
Flemming Kelly D - - 2004
OBJECT: Nonsaccular intracranial aneurysms (NIAs) are characterized by dilation, elongation, and tortuosity of intracranial arteries. Dilemmas in management exist due to the limited regarding the natural history of this disease entity. The objective of this study was to determine the prospective risk of subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) in patients with vertebrobasilar ...
Park Sang-Woo - - 2004
A 72-year old woman with a premacular subhyaloid hemorrhage could not be treated by laser photodisruption due to a thick posterior cortical vitreous. Pure sulfur hexafluoride (SF6, 0.3 mL) gas was injected intravitreally without recombinant tissue plasminogen activator, and facedown positioning was recommended for 5 days. Posterior vitreous detachment was ...
Lopez Ana E - - 2004
Delayed deaths following injury are not rare. Various mechanisms may be responsible for such deaths, including pulmonary thromboembolism, fat embolism, infection, systemic inflammatory response syndrome, and delayed hemorrhage. In the present case, we describe a death due to delayed subarachnoid hemorrhage following a motor vehicle collision, wherein the hemorrhage occurred ...
Taylor A A Division of Neurosurgery, University of Cape Town, South - - 2004
Cerebrovascular complications of AIDS have been reported as high as 34% in post mortem series. Most patients suffer from ischaemic strokes but there are a number of reports of patients presenting with subarachnoid haemorrhage (SAH) related specifically to aneurysm rupture. We present three patients with advanced HIV disease and low ...
Sviri Gill E - - 2004
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The clinical and hemodynamic impacts of basilar artery (BA) vasospasm (VS) after aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) are ill-defined. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the relationship between BA-VS and regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF) with posterior circulation after aneurysmal SAH. METHODS: Daily transcranial Doppler ...
Ryan Max F - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the use of emergent dynamic intravenous contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CT) in the diagnosis of active arterial extravasation in patients admitted to hospital after blunt abdominal trauma. METHODS: Four-hundred and ninety-eight consecutive emergent contrast-enhanced computed tomographic images of the abdomen and pelvis were retrospectively reviewed. The presence of ...
Krishnaney Ajit A - - 2004
A case of acute subdural hematoma over the tentorium secondary to rupture of an anterior communicating artery aneurysm is reported. A 42-year-old female patient presented with acute-onset, severe bifrontal and retro-orbital headache. CT revealed only symmetric thickening of the tentorium. MR imaging revealed the presence of a 10-mm anterior communicating ...
Biondi Alessandra - - 2004
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Cerebral vasospasm remains a major problem in patients recovering from aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage despite advances in medical, surgical, and endovascular care. Our purpose was to assess the efficacy of intra-arterial nimodipine, a calcium-channel blocker acting mainly on cerebral vessels, in preventing delayed neurologic deficits in patients with ...
Song Zhi - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To set up a new grading system of intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH) and determine the value of predicting the probability of post-hemorrhagic hydrocephalus (PHH) in IVH. METHODS: We first modified the Graeb criteria, then compared the value of prediction for PHH assessed by the Graeb criteria with the modified Graeb ...
Slowik Agnieszka - - 2004
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Evidence exists in support of a role of genetic factors in susceptibility to aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) in humans. Meta-analysis of 2 previous studies showed that the I allele of angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) gene insertion/deletion (I/D) polymorphism was a weak, but significant, risk factor for aneurysmal SAH. ...
Muroi C - - 2004
INTRODUCTION: In clinical practice, the occurrence of aneurysmal subarachnoid haemorrhage (SAH) often coincides with a particular season. Our objective was to examine seasonal variations in hospital admissions due to aneurysmal SAH. METHODS: The study population consisted of 489 patients with aneurysmal SAH who were admitted to the Department of Neurosurgery, ...
Behari Sanjay - - 2004
Basilar artery (BA) aplasia when unaccompanied by a primitive carotid-vertebrobasilar anastomosis is exceedingly rare. The association of BA aplasia with two aneurysms on the dominant posterior communicating artery (PCoA) has not been previously reported. This 40-year-old man presented in a state of drowsiness and responded to simple commands only after ...
Friedman Jonathan A - - 2004
Carotid angioplasty and stenting (CAS) has emerged as an alternative treatment of carotid stenosis for patients poorly suited for endarterectomy. Intracerebral hemorrhage following carotid revascularization is rare and thought to be related to hyperperfusion injury in most cases. Early experience suggests an increased incidence of hemorrhage following CAS as compared ...
Wong J S - - 2004
This is a prospective study conducted from February 2000 to July 2002 in a single neurosurgeon neurosurgical service in the state of Sarawak, Malaysia. There were 66 cases of subarachnoid hemorrhage or intracranial aneurysm presenting to this hospital over the study period. Fifty cases had their aneurysms clipped. Eighty percent ...
Elgamal Essam A - - 2004
INTRODUCTION: Primary subarachnoid hemorrhage is rare in infancy. A bleeding arterial aneurysm as its cause is even less frequent. A review of the literature turned up 85 cases of cerebral aneurysm that occurred in the 1st year of life, 63 of them presenting with subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). CASE REPORT: The ...
Khurana Vini G - - 2004
Rupture of an intracranial aneurysm (subarachnoid hemorrhage) is a potentially devastating condition frequently complicated by delayed cerebral ischemia from sustained contraction of intracranial arteries (cerebral vasospasm). There is mounting evidence linking the formation of intracranial aneurysms and the pathogenesis of post-subarachnoid hemorrhage vasospasm to aberrant bioavailability and action of the ...
Hendryk Stanislaw - - 2004
Cytokines play a key role in mutual influence of the immunological, endocrine and CNS systems. It has been proven that proinflammatory ILs may intensify the cascade of biochemical changes in ischemic brain damage. Vasospasm, which may accompany SAH and often coexists with symptoms of DINDs, is the cause of ischemic ...
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