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Murthy TV S P, ...
Cerebral vasospasm is the prolonged, intense constriction of the larger conducting arteries in the subarachnoid space which are initially surrounded by subarachnoid clot. Significant narrowing develops gradually over the first few days after the aneurysmal rupture. The spasm usually is maximal in about a week′s time following haemorrhage. Vasospasm is ...
Macdonald R Loch - - 2006
Arteries that develop vasospasm after subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) may have altered contractility and compliance. Whether these changes are due to alterations in the smooth muscle cells or the arterial wall extracellular matrix is unknown. This study elucidated the location of such changes and determined the calcium sensitivity of vasospastic arteries. ...
Phillips Courtney K - - 2006
Spontaneous retroperitoneal hemorrhage is a rare clinical entity; signs and symptoms include pain, hematuria, and shock. Spontaneous retroperitoneal hemorrhage can be caused by tumors, such as renal cell carcinoma and angiomyolipoma; polyarteritis nodosa; and nephritis. The least common cause is segmental arterial mediolysis. Although computed tomography is used for the ...
Armonda Rocco A - - 2006
INTRODUCTION: Cortical venous thrombosis is a rarely encountered mechanism for intracerebral hemorrhage. Multimodal monitoring may guide neurosurgical and critical care treatment in the setting of cerebral venous thrombosis. METHODS: We report a 37-year-old service member who was admitted to a local field hospital for complaints of severe headache and left ...
Sakowitz Oliver W - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To assess the status quo of clinical management in patients with ruptured intracranial aneurysms in Germany. In addition to preferences in vascular treatment (i.e., surgical versus endovascular), the choice of diagnostics and treatment options in the pre- and postprocedural phase is emphasized. METHODS: A standardized questionnaire was used in ...
Stein Sherman C - - 2006
The authors review literature that challenges the view that vasospasm involving large arteries is the exclusive cause of delayed ischemic neurological deficits (DINDs) following subarachnoid hemorrhage. They discuss alternative mechanisms and review the evidence supporting a potential role for thromboembolism. They conclude that vasospasm and thromboembolism play interrelated and additive ...
Lee Kendall H - - 2006
The combination of induced hypertension, hypervolemia, and hemodilution (triple-H therapy) is often utilized to prevent and treat cerebral vasospasm after aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). Although this paradigm has gained widespread acceptance over the past 20 years, the efficacy of triple-H therapy and its precise role in the management of the ...
Misthos Panagiotis - - 2006
Sudden life-threatening hemorrhage caused by erosion of the wall of a thoracic blood vessel such as the aorta, pulmonary artery, or pulmonary vein, in the late postoperative period is extremely rare and presents a challenging emergency. We report the cases of two patients whose only clinical manifestation was a hemorrhagic ...
Marushima Aiki - - 2006
A patient with moyamoya disease presenting with subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) is reported. A 38-year-old Japanese woman developed a sudden onset headache and nausea during hospitalization for a cerebral infarct in the right frontal lobe. CT scan showed SAH in the left frontal sulci. Cerebral angiogram showed stenosis of the distal ...
Gonzalez L Fernando - - 2005
INTRODUCTION: Isolated spinal aneurysms are rare; only a few have been reported. To the best of our knowledge, this series represents the largest experience with four ruptured spinal aneurysms, all of which were treated surgically. METHODS: Clinical information from the hospital charts and diagnostic images of four patients with the ...
Ogungbo Biodun - - 2005
We report the case of a 43-year-old patient with delayed ischemic neurological deficit and an ischemic penumbra, reversed with triple H therapy (hypertension, hypervolemia, and hemodilution). The patient presented with subarachnoid hemorrhage caused by an aneurysm of the anterior communicating artery. He underwent surgical clipping and developed cerebral ischemia due ...
Hirashima Yutaka - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: In this study, we evaluated the difference in incidence of symptomatic vasospasm between ruptured aneurysms in the anterior and posterior circulation using multiple logistic regression analysis. METHODS: A total of 145 consecutive patients who underwent surgery for aneurysms within 72 hours after subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) were studied. RESULTS: The ...
Nakau Reiko - - 2005
A 59-year-old woman with type IIA von Willebrand's disease (VWD) presented with subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). Computed tomography showed SAH in the right sylvian fissure and intracranial hemorrhage in the right temporal lobe. Angiography demonstrated an aneurysm at the bifurcation of the right middle cerebral artery. Neck clipping was performed on ...
Provencio J Javier - - 2005
Subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) is a devastating and complicated disease. The development of therapeutic interventions has been hampered by a poor understanding of the three components of the disease pathology in SAH: aneurysm rupture, cerebral edema, and vasospasm. The role of inflammation in the pathology of subarachnoid hemorrhage will be reviewed. ...
Hagiwara Akiyoshi - - 2005
We report a rare case in which life-threatening subcutaneous hemorrhage following minor blunt trauma developed in an elderly patient taking ticlopidine and aspirin. An 82-year-old woman taking ticlopidine and aspirin tripped on a road. She noted only mild pain at the left lower abdomen. However, the hematoma gradually enlarged, and ...
Ruigrok Y M - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: Corticosteroids can induce hypertension and inhibit collagen synthesis in the blood vessel wall. Deficiencies in collagen have been found in intracranial aneurysms. Therefore use of corticosteroids could be a risk factor for intracranial aneurysms and aneurysmal subarachnoid haemorrhage (SAH). We investigated the relationship between the systemic use of corticosteroids ...
Adaletli Ibrahim - - 2005
Cerebral venous thrombosis presenting with subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) is very rare. We report a case of cerebral venous sinus thrombosis as an initial manifestation of SAH. A 14-year-old boy was admitted with progressive headache, nausea, vomiting, diplopia, and gait disturbance. Cerebral computed tomography scan showed a widely SAH in the ...
Gourlay David - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Angiography is the gold standard for the diagnosis and treatment of pelvic arterial hemorrhage associated with pelvic fractures. In most cases, a single angiogram with embolization is adequate to control pelvic arterial hemorrhage. However, a small subset of patients, require repeat pelvic angiogram to evaluate and treat recurrent hemorrhage. ...
Flaherty Matthew L - - 2005
Nonaneurysmal perimesencephalic subarachnoid hemorrhage (PMSAH) appears to have an etiology and natural history distinct from aneurysm rupture. Referral-based studies suggest that 15% of SAH patients have no discernable cause of bleeding, but the incidence of PMSAH is unknown. We describe the first population-based study of PMSAH and place it in ...
Suzuki S - - 2006
We describe two patients with symptomatic vasospasms after aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage who were successfully treated with intraarterial injection of colforsin daropate hydrochloride (HCl). Colforsin daropate HCl is capable of directly stimulating adenylate cyclase, which in turn causes vasorelaxation via elevated intracellular concentrations of cyclic adenosine monophosphate. We suggest that colforsin ...
Massand Manoj G - - 2005
Spinal artery aneurysms are usually found with arteriovenous malformations or other entities that increase hemodynamic stress. Isolated spinal artery aneurysms are rare. Four patients who presented with the acute onset of lower back pain underwent MR imaging, which revealed spinal subarachnoid hemorrhage. In all patients, work-up yielded a diagnosis of ...
Erdogan Bulent - - 2005
Reports have noted aneurysmal dilatation of arteries in association with brucellosis, but involvement of intracranial vessels has not been documented to date. Sixty-one year old female patient who had been diagnosed with brucellosis 14 months earlier presented with symptoms of subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). Due to deterioration of the patient's clinical ...
Hui C - - 2005
AIM: To examine the efficacy and safety of nimodipine as an alternative to papaverine for the treatment of cerebral vasospasm following subarachnoid haemorrhage. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the procedure reports, anaesthetic records, clinical charts and CT and angiographic images of 9 patients who had received intra-arterial nimodipine; 1 of these ...
Chang Stephen - - 2005
Treatment of acute aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhages consists of occluding the aneurysm to prevent rebleed, attempting to prevent vasospasm, and maintaining blood flow to the brain through vessels in vasospasm. Endovascular treatment has been shown to be as safe as, or safer, than surgical clipping for patients with SAH. Engineering solutions ...
Kaynar Mehmet Yasar - - 2005
YKL-40 is a newly discovered matrix protein thought to be secreted during the acute stages of inflammation. Clinical studies have revealed that YKL-40 has growth factor and potent migration factor activity for cells involved in inflammation and tissue remodeling processes. It has recently been speculated that YKL-40 may serve as ...
Dean Bruce L - - 2005
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Dissection and retraction of the sylvian fissure can cause venous insufficiency and may be an important contributor to postoperative edema or hemorrhage after clipping of a middle cerebral artery (MCA) aneurysm. The incidence of changes in the superficial middle cerebral vein (SMCV) and adjacent veins and whether ...
Kilincer Cumhur - - 2005
We report a complication of decompressive craniectomy in the treatment of aneurismal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) and accompanying middle cerebral artery (MCA) infarction. A 56-year-old man presented with subarachnoid hemorrhage and right sylvian hematoma. He was diagnosed with high-grade SAH and medical therapy was employed. He showed rapid clinical deterioration on ...
Ashley William W WW - - 2005
Various anatomical courses of the vertebral artery (VA) and posterior inferior cerebellar artery (PICA) have been described. The authors present a unique case of a subarachnoid hemorrhage resulting from an aneurysm in a patient with an anatomical variation of the extracranial portion of the VA and cervical origin of the ...
Thai Quoc-Anh - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Although an aneurysmal rupture typically presents on computed tomographic (CT) imaging as only subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH), it may be associated with intraparenchymal hemorrhage (IPH), intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH), or subdural hemorrhage. On rare occasions, however, an aneurysmal rupture may present with IPH or IVH without SAH. METHODS: The Division of ...
Endo Hidenori - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Paraparesis is a rare but characteristic manifestation of ruptured anterior communicating artery or anterior cerebral artery (ACA) aneurysms, but the pathogenesis remains unclear. This study investigated the neuroimaging and clinical features of patients with such paraparesis to evaluate possible causes. METHODS: Nine of 178 patients with ruptured anterior communicating ...
Yamaguchi-Okada Mitsuo - - 2005
Because it has been argued that active myogenic tone prolongs cerebral vasospasm for >2 wk after subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH), we attempted to identify the mechanism that plays the main role in sustaining the prolonged cerebral vasospasm. We especially focused on the roles of biomechanical and phenotypic changes in the cerebral ...
Ruijs A C J - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Does continuous external lumbar CSF drainage before aneurysm repair in patients with aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage increase the risk of rebleeding? METHOD: The study population, consisting of 18 patients treated by External Lumbar Drainage (ELD) after SAH before aneurysm repair, was compared with an independent control group of 324 SAH ...
Pichon Nicolas - - 2005
Rectal injuries caused by foreign bodies or iatrogenic insertions may lead to severe complications whose therapeutic management remains controversial. At times, both the rapid identification and treatment of subsequent active rectal bleeding may be challenging, especially when endoscopy fails to locate and control the arterial hemorrhage. We present the first ...
Yatsushige Hiroshi - - 2005
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Inflammation could play a role in cerebral vasospasm after subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). SP600125 a c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) inhibitor reduces inflammation. The present study examined if SP600125 could reduce cerebral vasospasm. METHODS: Twenty-seven dogs were assigned to 5 groups: control, SAH, SAH plus dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO), SAH ...
Zheng Jie-Sheng - - 2005
The purpose of this study is to investigate whether apocynin, an NADPH oxidase inhibitor, attenuates vasospasm after experimental subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) in rats. Rats were subjected to endovascular perforation of the right anterior cerebral artery or sham surgery. Beginning 2 hours after SAH, rats were administered 50 mg/kg apocynin or ...
Wilson S R - - 2005
Subarachnoid haemorrhage is a common neurological emergency, which carries a high morbidity and mortality. It is usually caused by rupture of an intracerebral aneurysm or, less commonly, an arteriovenous malformation. Although most patients present to a non-neurosurgical hospital, they often require urgent neurosurgical or neuroradiological intervention. Whilst awaiting transfer to ...
Ney John P - - 2005
Angiogram-negative atraumatic subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) in a perimesencephalic pattern on computed tomography (CT) is associated with an almost invariably favorable prognosis with few rebleeds. We report a patient who exhibited a perimesencephalic hemorrhage pattern on CT and negative serial angiograms and who presented with severe neurologic disability from a concurrent ...
Hashimoto Yuji - - 2005
A 58-year-old male presented with severe consciousness disturbance and left hemiparesis. Computed tomography (CT) revealed subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) and acute subdural hematoma caused by a ruptured right middle cerebral artery aneurysm. The aneurysm was clipped and the hematoma was evacuated. The patient had almost recovered without new neurological deficits on ...
Thomé Claudius - - 2005
Aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) remains a very prevalent challenge in neurosurgery associated with a high morbidity and mortality due to the lack of specific treatment modalities. The prognosis of SAH patients depends primarily on three factors: (i) the severity of the initial bleed, (ii) the endovascular or neurosurgical procedure to ...
Harrod Christopher G - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Cerebral vasospasm is a devastating medical complication of aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). It is associated with high morbidity and mortality rates, even after the aneurysm has been treated. A substantial amount of experimental and clinical research has been conducted in an effort to predict and prevent its occurrence. This ...
Sert Ahmet - - 2005
Perimesencephalic nonaneurysmal hemorrhage is a benign form of subarachnoid hemorrhages. This entity is well recognized as a distinct type of subarachnoid hemorrhage in adults. However, perimesencephalic nonaneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage in pediatric patients is not well recognized. Angiographic changes such as vasospasm are uncommon in patients, especially in pediatric patients suffering ...
Alves J V JV Neuroradiology Service, Hospital Geral de Santo António, Porto; Portugal - - - 2005
We report the case of a 49-year-old woman with a massive subarachnoid haemorrhage in conjunction with trauma. The initial cerebral angiography was normal. Three weeks later she had a second subarachnoid haemorrhage. A repeat angiography demonstrated an eight mm aneurysm of the internal carotid artery bifurcation, a region clearly normal ...
Kubo Michiya - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Aneurysms associated with vertebrobasilar fenestrations are uncommon. We report on an unusual presentation of such aneurysm with a dedicated arterial pedicle, manifesting with significant intraventricular hemorrhage. Equally important, the aneurysm was managed in a multidisciplinary fashion, which, we think, greatly contributed to a good outcome. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 55-year-old ...
Berlis Ansgar - - 2005
Solitary aneurysms of spinal arteries lacking associated vascular malformations are rare. We report three patients with spinal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) due to rupture of such aneurysms, which regressed spontaneously, as confirmed on conventional angiography. One patient had spinal SAH with presumed spontaneous dissection of a segmental artery. In the other ...
Dryjski Maciej L - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Hemorrhage from large retroperitoneal veins is usually controlled by suturing the venous tear. Infrequently, the extent and location of the tear and amount of hemorrhage preclude successful suturing. METHODS: In seven patients with severe hemorrhage from large retroperitoneal veins encountered in association with resection of retroperitoneal sarcoma (6) or ...
Chang Shu-Jen - - 2005
Acute massive pulmonary hemorrhage (AMPH) is a rare life-threatening complication of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). We report a lupus nephritis patient with active disease, in whom AMPH developed after craniotomy for brain injury. Computed tomography scan of the brain revealed a subdural hemorrhage and intracranial hemorrhage with a midline shift, ...
Türeyen Kudret - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: This study looked at the effects of single and multiple small subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) caused by puncturing a small branch of the basilar artery in rats. METHODS: Rats were subjected to single SAH (n = 21), multiple SAH (n = 21), sham operation (n = 21), or no procedures ...
Shiraishi Shin-ichiro - - 2005
Bulbar compression by vertebral artery (VA) aneurysm is extremely rare and only reported in a few cases. We report two cases with thrombosed VA aneurysm compressing medulla oblongata; one presented with bulbar apoplexy hemorrhage and the other with subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). A 61-year-old male (case 1) presented with consciousness disturbances, ...
Gentile Salvatore - - 2006
We report the case of a patient suffering from migraine without aura since childhood who, at the age of 58 years, developed cluster headache (CH) attacks. This second type of headache was related to an aneurysm of the anterior communicating artery (ACoA) whose bursting caused subarachnoid haemorrhage. The aneurysm's clipping ...
Kirmani Jawad F - - 2005
Aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (aSAH) is a common and devastating form of stroke. A large number of patients with aSAH develop angiographic or clinical vasospasm responsible for high morbidity and mortality. Rapid advances in the field of interventional neurology and the development of minimally invasive techniques have resulted in expansion of ...
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