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Purkayastha S - - 2008
The most frequent persistent embryonic communication between the vertebrobasilar and carotid systems in adult life is a persistent trigeminal artery (PTA). Several anatomic variants of PTA have been described. The other associations of PTA mainly include aneurysm and vascular steal phenomena between basilar and carotid systems. We describe an interesting ...
Romano Jose G - - 2008
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The determinants of ischemic complications in subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) are not well defined. The objective of this study is to evaluate the role of microemboli in SAH-related cerebral ischemia. METHODS: Forty patients with aneurysmal SAH were monitored with transcranial Doppler (TCD) for the presence of embolic signals ...
Park Ik-Seong - - 2008
The present study describes modifications to the endovascular filament model of subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) in rats. Specifically, we sought to improve the percentage yield of SAH, reduce mortality rates and better simulate human cerebral aneurysmal rupture. Instead of using a 4-0 prolene suture to induce SAH in the existing endovascular ...
Dizdarević Kemal - - 2008
Intracranial aneurysmal rupture is the common cause of spontaneous subarachnoid haemorrhage (SAH). This haemorrhage is typically diffuse and located in extracerebral subarachnoid space in which main cerebral arterial branches are situated. The intimate and long-term contact of arterial wall and blood products in the closed space causes the cerebral vasospasm ...
Liu Wei-Hsiu - - 2008
There are many reasons for hypotension in trauma patients. Life-threatening hemorrhage associated with maxillofacial trauma is considered rare. Here, we present a 25-year-old patient with maxillofacial trauma complicated by life-threatening hemorrhage after a traffic accident. At the emergency department, massive epistaxis was noted. Nasal packing and blood transfusion were performed, ...
Matsuyama Takeshi - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Acute gastric dilatation (AGD) is a very rare entity which can sometimes be life-threatening. We report a case of a patient presenting with a rupture of a BCA during the treatment of AGD. METHOD: A 24-year-old woman, who had a history of bulimia and vomiting episodes, was transferred in ...
Mayer Thomas E - - 2008
Two patients with refractory symptomatic cerebral vasospasm after aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) were treated by continuous intra-arterial nimodipine infusion via a catheter placed in the internal carotid artery or vertebral artery for 3 and 12 days, respectively. Recovery of the neurological deficits, normalization of MR perfusion, a decrease in the ...
Yamakawa Haruki - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The precise etiology of perimesencephalic nonaneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (P-SAH) has not yet been determined. We decided to compare the venograms of patients with P-SAH with those of patients with aneurysmal SAH (A-SAH) to examine the relationship between P-SAH and venous drainage patterns. METHODS: We retrospectively studied 18 patients with ...
Mahindu Antony - - 2008
A significant body of literature on aneurysmal subarachnoid haemorrhage has emerged from Finland. The Finnish source from a small founding population, rather than from a wide heterogeneous source such as used for other populations, suggests the need for caution when attempting to generalise using Finnish data. This study aims to ...
Matsumoto Yasushi - - 2008
Intracranial arterial dissections of the vertebrobasilar system are recognized as a cause of stroke. Although the pathogenic mechanism underlying this phenomenon is unknown, in some cases the stroke originates from subarachnoid hemorrhage, while in others ischemia is the cause. In cases where hemorrhage occurs, occlusion of the lesion is effective ...
Komotar Ricardo J - - 2008
Cerebral vasospasm is one of the leading causes of morbidity and mortality after aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage. Despite maximal medical therapy, however, up to 15% of patients surviving the ictus of subarachnoid hemorrhage experience stroke or death from vasospasm. For those cases of vasospasm that are refractory to medical treatment, endovascular ...
Suhara S - - 2008
A 27-year-old patient presented with severe headache and seizures about a month after the initial head trauma. Computed tomography (CT) brain scan revealed acute subdural bleed continuous into the interhemispheric region, with no subarachnoid haemorrhage. This was due to rupture of a traumatic pericallosal artery aneurysm. This represents a rare ...
Kwon Jae-Hyun - - 2008
Hydrocephalus is a common sequelae of aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) and patients who develop hydrocephalus after SAH typically have a worse prognosis than those who do not. This study was designed to identify factors predictive of shunt-dependent chronic hydrocephalus among patients with aneurysmal SAH, and patients who require permanent cerebrospinal ...
Nakstad P Hj PH Department of Neuroradiology, Division of Medical Service, Ullevål University Hospital & University of Oslo, - - 2008
Subarachnoid hemorrhage following severe trauma to the head is relatively common. In most cases the bleed originates from superficial veins and occasionally from arteries. Following the replacement of cerebral angiography with CT in the diagnostic evaluation of head traumas fewer traumatic aneurysms have been observed. This may indicate that some ...
Hänggi D - - 2008
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The efficacy of intra-arterial administration of nimodipine (IAN) in patients with severe vasospasm after aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) remains unproved. The goal of the present study was to investigate the clinical effect and cerebral perfusion after IAN in patients with severe vasospasm refractory to hemodynamic treatment. MATERIALS ...
Ali Youssef - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the impact of the lunar cycle and season on the incidence of aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). PATIENTS AND METHODS: The medical records of 111 patients who were admitted over a 5-year period to our department because of aneurysmal SAH were retrospectively reviewed. The date of aneurysm rupture ...
Seçkin Hakan - - 2008
Increasing evidence implicates voltage-dependent sodium and potassium channels, in addition to calcium channels of various types, in the pathophysiological development of cerebral vasospasm. This study investigated the ability of LTG, an antiepileptic drug with multi-ion channel inhibition properties, to prevent cerebral vasospasm and subsequent neural ischemia in a rabbit model ...
Jestaedt Leonie - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Vasospasm of the cerebral vessels remains a major source for morbidity and mortality after aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the frequency of infarction after transluminal balloon angioplasty (TBA) in patients with severe subarachnoid hemorrhage-related vasospasm. METHODS: We studied 38 patients (median Hunt and ...
Watson Ian D - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Spectrophotometry of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) for bilirubin is the recommended method for investigation in suspected cases of subarachnoid haemorrhage (SAH), when a computed tomography (CT) of the head is negative for blood. There is a potential need for a simpler alternative. Measurement of CSF ferritin might fulfil this need. ...
Kashimura Hiroshi - - 2008
Wide exposure of lesions during the subtemporal approach often leads to temporal lobe injury caused by excessive retraction. A brain retraction technique using gelatin sponge pieces was developed to minimize intraoperative brain retraction during the subtemporal approach. After aspirating cerebrospinal fluid and slackening the temporal lobe, 2-3 pieces of gelatin ...
Hong Tao - - 2008
OBJECT: The gap junction is important in the propagation of dilation/constriction signals along vessels for coordinated behavior in control of vascular tone. The authors hypothesized that gap junctions might play a role in cerebral vasospasm following subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). The aims of the present study were to investigate the role ...
Kim Jae-Hoon - - 2008
Post-clipping intraparenchymal hemorrhage of the contralateral hemisphere is a very unusual phenomenon in a patient with aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage, unless there is an underlying condition. We report a complicated case of 47-year-old man, who underwent uneventful clipping of ruptured aneurysm and experienced vasospasm two weeks later. Vasospasm was treated by ...
Daenekindt Thomas - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The cause of perimesencephalic nonaneurysmal SAH or PMH is not known. Earlier studies reported a possible contribution of a primitive variant of the BVR in the pathogenesis of PMH. We compared the variants of BVR in a case control study between patients with PMH and aneurysmal SAH by studying ...
Ehrlich Edwin - - 2008
The most common cause of basal cerebral subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) is rupture of a cerebral artery aneurysm, but most reported series of SAH include cases where no aneurysm could be found. This would have no forensic relevance if all basal SAH would result from spontaneous ruptures of pathological blood vessels, ...
Hagihara Naoshi - - 2008
A 48-year-old woman presented with simultaneous aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) and remote intracerebral hemorrhage manifesting as sudden onset of severe headache, left hemiparesis, and diplopia. Emergent computed tomography revealed localized SAH in the interpeduncular cistern, and a remote brainstem hematoma in the right dorsolateral tegment. Neuroimaging found no signs of ...
Osanai Toshiya - - 2008
BACKGROUND: In moyamoya disease, intracranial bleeding is known to occur because of the rupture of saccular aneurysms in the circle of Willis or because of the rupture of dilated, fragile moyamoya vessels. The former causes subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH), and the latter causes intracerebral or intraventricular hemorrhage. CASE DESCRIPTION: In this ...
Fraticelli Amanda Tarabini - - 2008
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Attempts to reverse cerebral vasospasm (CVS) after aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (aSAH) rely on a limited number of treatments. Calcium channel blockers have proven a benefit but their vasodilating effect on spastic cerebral arteries is relatively modest. Milrinone, a phosphodiesterase inhibitor, combines vasodilating and inotropic properties, but limited ...
Matsubayashi Rie - - 2008
Swelling of the right ankle and purpura on the bilateral lower extremities of a 6-year-old boy indicated a diagnosis of Henoch-Schönlein purpura (HSP). The patient was referred to our hospital because of severe abdominal pain that was unresponsive to prednisolone. Respiratory symptoms and pulmonary infiltrates on chest X-ray were absent ...
Schebesch Karl-Michael - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Well-documented case reports of the rapid formation and rupture of de novo aneurysms of the posterior circulation are rare. CLINICAL PRESENTATION: We report a patient with subarachnoid hemorrhage caused by an aneurysm of the anterior communicating artery that was clipped consecutively. Forty-four days after the initial subarachnoid hemorrhage, the ...
Jadhav Vikram D - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Delayed cerebral ischemia due to cerebral vasospasm remains a major cause of morbidity and mortality following subarachnoid hemorrhage. Oxyhemoglobin (OxyHb) and vasoconstrictor prostanoids have been suggested as putative spasmogens. We have previously reported a synergistic vasoconstrictive action between thromboxane A(2) (TXA(2)) and OxyHb. In the present study we examine ...
Oto Jun - - 2008
We present a case of a 33-year-old woman with Kabuki syndrome (KS) presenting with Henoch-Schönlein purpura (HSP). She was admitted to our hospital with a brain abscess in the lateral ventricle and meningitis. She had been diagnosed with KS. Skin eruptions had appeared on her lower extremities, with arthralgia, cough, ...
Pluta R M - - 2008
Nitric oxide (NO), also known as endothelium-derived relaxing factor, is produced by endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) in the intima and by neuronal nitric oxide synthase (nNOS) in the adventitia of cerebral vessels. It dilates the arteries in response to shear stress, metabolic demands, pterygopalatine ganglion stimulation, and chemoregulation. Subarachnoid ...
Badilla Jaime - - 2008
We report a case of intracerebral hemorrhage in the left frontal lobe following a left medial wall orbital decompression for thyroid-related optic neuropathy. There was no obvious fracture in the orbital roof bone but the hemorrhage was felt to occur from a disruption in the orbito-frontal branch of the anterior ...
Ayer R E - - 2008
Aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) is a devastating neurological event that accounts for 3-7% of all strokes and carries a mortality rate as high as 40%. Delayed cerebral vasospasm has traditionally been recognized as the most treatable cause of morbidity and mortality from SAH. However, evidence is mounting that the physiological ...
Lehmann E - - 2008
Cerebral vasospasm is a major cause of cerebral ischemia and poor outcomes in the setting of aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). Despite advances in diagnosis and treatment of SAH, the pathophysiology of vasospasm is still poorly understood and outcomes remain disappointing. Recent advances in understanding the role of hemoglobin in initiating ...
Yurt Alaattin A Department of Neurosurgery, İzmir Training and Research Hospital, İzmir, - - 2008
Aneurysms of the complex of the anterior cerebral artery are frequently associated with anatomic variations of the circle of Willis. We describe a case of aneurysmal rupture of the anterior communicating artery, a variant of the anterior cerebral artery. The aneurysm appeared to be situated on this vessel proximal to ...
Lee Guen Young - - 2007
We report a patient with sequential intracerebral hematoma in bilateral basal ganglia after an aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage. A 55-year-old woman presented with sudden loss of consciousness without a past history of hypertension. Subarachnoid hemorrhage secondary to a ruptured anterior communicating artery aneurysm was seen on initial CT and an intracerebral ...
Gonzalez Nestor R - - 2007
OBJECT: The goal in this study was to create an index (vasospasm probability index [VPI]) to improve diagnostic accuracy for vasospasm after subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). METHODS: Seven hundred ninety-five patients in whom aneurysmal SAH was demonstrated by computed tomography, and in whom one or more intracranial aneurysms had been diagnosed, ...
Bandeira A A Neuroradiology resident, Centro Hospitalar de Lisboa, Zona Central, Hospital de São José; - - 2007
There are currently no consensus criteria to define the dosage of intra-arterial Nimodipine to be used to obtain permanent remission of vasospasm secondary to subarachnoid haemorrhage. The purpose of this paper is to establish a mathematical relation between the number of vessels affected by this kind of vasospasm and the ...
Trimble Jason L - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the evidence for use of hydroxymethylglutaryl coenzyme A reductase inhibitors (statins) for the prevention and management of cerebral vasospasm after aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (aSAH). DATA SOURCES: Literature searches were conducted using MEDLINE (1966-July 2007) and the Cochrane Database (2007, Issue 2). Search terms included HMG-CoA reductase inhibitors, ...
Ro Ayako - - 2008
A 58-year-old male with untreated hypertension was found dead in his car after a traffic accident on his way to the office. Emergency head CT showed diffuse subarachnoid hemorrhage at cerebral base. On autopsy examination, traumatic injuries were seen on his face and lower extremities. The skull was not fractured ...
Manos Daria - - 2007
Pulmonary hemorrhage is a relatively common complication of blunt chest trauma. Occasionally, it may result from pulmonary barotrauma after scuba diving or from sports activities not associated with barotrauma such as long breath-hold diving. We report a case of symmetric diffuse upper lobe hemorrhage resulting from a bungee jump in ...
Gilad R - - 2007
Acute spontaneous subdural hematoma without the presence of a subarachnoid hemorrhage as a result of a ruptured aneurysm is rare. We present the case of a patient with an aneurysm of the intrasellar anterior communicating artery that caused hemorrhage solely into the subdural space. The hemorrhage then migrated down the ...
Lewis Stephen B - - 2007
OBJECT: Aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (ASAH) is a serious event with grave consequences. Delayed ischemic neurological deficits caused by cerebral arterial vasospasm contribute significantly to death and disability. Biomarkers may reflect brain injury and provide an early warning of impending neurological decline and stroke from ASAH-induced vasospasm. Alpha-II spectrin is a ...
Usui Keiko - - 2007
We report a case of a 69-year-old man with Schönlein-Henoch purpura who developed diffuse pulmonary hemorrhage. He complained of dyspnea and hemoptysis while he was treated with steroids for gastroenteropathy associated with Schönlein-Henoch purpura. The drop in his hemoglobin levels and diffuse ground-glass opacity at all levels of the lung ...
Feletti A - - 2007
Aneurysms of the vein of Galen are uncommon vascular malformations. They are most frequently seen in infants and children, leading to heart failure and hydrocephalus. Exceptionally, they are detected in adults. Several theories have been proposed to explain hydrocephalus in these patients: obstruction of the cerebral aqueduct, impaired absorption of ...
Katoh Masahito - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Cerebral amyloid angiopathy is a well-known disease that is predominantly recognized in elderly people and repeatedly causes large subcortical hemorrhages. These hemorrhages may be derived from vessel wall weakness because of Abeta depositions in the wall of the cortical and leptomeningeal arteries. Although vessel ruptures in CAA have been ...
Wang Shou-Jen - - 2008
Cerebral artery fenestration refers to a division in the lumen of an artery leading to two distinct endothelium-lined channels. At the site of turbulent flow, fenestration may predispose to an aneurysm formation. In this study, a 45-year-old woman suffered an acute vertiginous attack after cervical manipulation. The MRI scan demonstrated ...
Marshman Laurence A G - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Widespread fibrotic obliteration of the spinal subarachnoid space after cerebral aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) is rare. CLINICAL PRESENTATION: A 57-year-old woman presented with the gradual development of a spastic paraparesis. Two years earlier, she experienced a cerebral aneurysmal SAH that was successfully managed with endovascular coiling. However, the SAH ...
Krischek Boris - - 2007
Vasospasm following subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) remains difficult to prevent despite extensive investigative efforts. Nicardipine prolonged-release implants (NPRIs) have been used to prevent vasospasm in patients with SAH since October 1999. The present study analyzed the efficacy and safety of NPRIs in 100 patients with SAH and thick subarachnoid clot (mainly ...
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