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Results 201 - 250 of 1269
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Yoshikawa Gakushi - - 2010
A 60-year-old woman with a history of intermittent headaches and frequent seizures for 30 years presented with a massive intracranial hematoma in the left medial temporal lobe with thick subarachnoid hemorrhage. She had been treated with anticonvulsant medication under a diagnosis of left mesial temporal sclerosis based on magnetic resonance ...
Guo L-M - - 2010
Spinal dural arteriovenous fistulas (DAVFs) may arise at any level from the foramen magnum to the sacrum. Only a few case series of DAVFs at the foramen magnum have been reported, especially with patients presenting with subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). We performed a retrospective study of four such cases and summarize ...
Hanafy Khalid A - - 2010
Poor admission clinical grade is the most important determinant of outcome after aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (aSAH); however, little attention has been focused on independent predictors of poor admission clinical grade. We hypothesized that the cerebral inflammatory response initiated at the time of aneurysm rupture contributes to ultra-early brain injury and ...
Anderson Tracey - - 2009
Subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) is a catastrophic event that carries a mortality rate of 25% to 50%, with 10% to 15% of patients dying before reaching a hospital. Approximately 30,000 aneurysms rupture each year in the United States. Aneurysmal SAH accounts for 2% to 5% of all new strokes each year. ...
Nicoletto Heather A - - 2009
Transcranial Doppler (TCD) is considered one of the most difficult ultrasound studies to perform. Knowledge of cerebral hemodynamics is essential to the interpretation of the TCD study. The most common uses for TCD are the evaluation for vasospasm after subarachnoid hemorrhage and for sickle cell vasculopathy. Other uses are the ...
Tan Lincoln - - 2009
BACKGROUND: A 74-year-old man developed severe, life-threatening bleeding refractory to endoscopic fulguration from a prostatic capsular perforation while undergoing transurethral resection of prostate (TURP) for complicated benign prostatic hyperplasia. At the time of the procedure the patient had several comorbidities, including hypertension and associated nephropathy, and erectile dysfunction. INVESTIGATIONS: CT ...
Sheikhazadi Ardeshir - - 2009
Some cases with aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) never reach the medical centre alive and they are not included in most studies of SAH. To explain the clinical profile of sudden death from aneurysmal SAH, we examined the epidemiology and clinicopathologic characteristics of patients with aneurysmal SAH who never reached medical ...
Stojanov Dragan - - 2009
Hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia, also known as Osler-Weber-Rendu disease, is an autosomal dominant disorder involving vascular abnormalities of various organs. Telangiectases are frequently observed, predominantly on the nasal and oral mucosa. We present a case a of 53-year-old man with the tonge hemorrhagic telangiectases and epistaxis. Selective catheterization and embolization of ...
White P - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: Early confirmation of aneurysmal cause for SAH can expedite patient management and thus minimise rebleed risk. CT Angiography is the first-line method for diagnosing the cause of SAH in most UK regions. We wanted to assess the use of CTA in this context in the East of Scotland and ...
Yang Tae-Ki - - 2009
The authors report a case of recurrent subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) after complete occlusion of an intracranial aneurysm. It is known that regrowth of an aneurysm after the complete clipping is a rare event. For detection of recurrence, however, it may be necessary to follow up with the patient regularly after ...
Ruigrok Ynte M - - 2010
BACKGROUND: We investigated whether genes influencing coagulation are associated with the occurrence of aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) and with secondary cerebral ischemia and rebleeding in patients with aneurysmal SAH. METHOD: Genotyping for factor V Leiden (G1691A), prothrombin G20210A, methylenetetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) C677T, factor XIII subunit A Val34Leu, Tyr204Phe and Pro564Leu, ...
Limbrick David D DD - - 2009
Traumatic, nonaneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) is common after closed head injury and most often results from ruptured cortical microvessels. Here, the authors present the case of a 60-year-old woman who fell and struck her head, causing traumatic enucleation and avulsion of both the optic nerve and ophthalmic artery. The arterial ...
Fukuhara Toru - - 2009
Endoscopic third ventriculostomy (ETV) has not been recognized as a surgical option for hydrocephalus following aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH), since hydrocephalus following aneurysmal SAH is considered to result from the communicating component. However, obstructions in the ventricular system may exist, so ETV could help resolve the condition. The present study ...
Sakata Hiroyuki - - 2009
A 48-year-old woman suffered head trauma and presented with an acute epidural hematoma with a linear fracture of the right temporal bone across the middle meningeal groove. Initial angiography demonstrated no vascular abnormalities. Eight months later, she again suffered head trauma and computed tomography demonstrated traumatic subarachnoid hemorrhage. Right external ...
Pendharkar Arjun V - - 2009
The authors describe the case of a 13-year-old boy who presented with an intraventricular hemorrhage caused by a left trigonal arteriovenous malformation. After an initial recovery, the patient experienced complete right-sided paresis on posthemorrhage Day 6. Severe cerebral vasospasm was found on MR angiography and confirmed on conventional cerebral angiography. ...
Ambika Santhosh - - 2009
The development of adrenal hemorrhage from lung cancer metastasis is extremely rare. A 54-year-old woman with stage IV non-small-cell lung cancer and known bilateral adrenal metastasis developed severe right-sided abdominal pain while undergoing chemotherapy treatment. A computerized tomography scan of the abdomen with intravenous contrast demonstrated massive right-sided retroperitoneal hemorrhage. ...
Cavu?o?lu Halit - - 2010
A case of an isolated posterior spinal artery aneurysm of the upper cervical spinal cord is presented. Spinal artery aneurysms that are not associated with other entities are extremely rare. Four cases have been reported in the literature to date. The patient developed symptoms and signs of intracranial subarachnoid hemorrhage. ...
Jeon Ik-Chan - - 2009
Cardiac dysfunction after aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) is associated with elevation of serum cardiac troponin I (cTnI) levels. Elevation of cTnI predicts cardiopulmonary and neurological complications, and poor outcome. We retrospectively reviewed the medical and radiologic records of 114 (male : 30, female : 84) patients who developed aneurysmal SAH ...
Ota Hideki H Department of Radiology, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, - - 2009
Histological studies suggest associations between hemorrhage and large lipid-rich/necrotic cores with thin or ruptured fibrous caps in advanced atherosclerosis. We investigated these associations in carotid arteries with mild to severe stenosis by in vivo 3T MRI. Seventy-seven patients with >or=50% carotid stenosis in at least one side by duplex ultrasound ...
Samada Kazunori - - 2009
A case of cerebral hemorrhage associated with sildenafil (Revatio) use in an infant is presented. Sildenafil is increasingly used in the treatment of primary and secondary pulmonary arterial hypertension and pulmonary arteriovenous fistula. In the reported case, sildenafil used to treat pulmonary arteriovenous fistula improved right-to-left shunting across the pulmonary ...
Dimmick Simon J - - 2009
Multidetector computed tomographic (CT) angiography is used in many institutions for initial evaluation of the cerebral circulation for acute stroke and subarachnoid hemorrhage as well as in various preoperative settings. A comprehensive CT examination that includes a review of three-dimensional and maximum intensity projection images of the intra- and extracranial ...
Celix Juanita M - - 2009
Bleeding of an arteriovenous malformation (AVM) following stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) is a known risk during the latency interval, but hemorrhage in the 30-day period following radiosurgery rarely has been reported in the literature. The authors present the case of a 57-year-old man who underwent Gamma Knife surgery for a large ...
Park Sukh Que - - 2009
Subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) around the midbrain without evidence of aneurysm, a so-called perimesencephalic SAH, has been considered a typical nonaneurysmal SAH. Recently, we have encountered several patients with SAHs that could have been classified as having perimesencephalic SAH, but a common cause of the bleeding was demonstrated. In this article, ...
Walker T Gregory - - 2009
Although most cases of acute gastrointestinal (GI) hemorrhage either spontaneously resolve or respond to medical management and/or endoscopic treatment, there remain a significant number of patients who require emergency evaluation and treatment by the interventional radiologist. Any angiographic evaluation should begin with selective catheterization of the artery supplying the most ...
Mandonnet E - - 2009
Arterial vasospasm has rarely been reported following temporal lobectomy for intractable epilepsy. A 31-year-old patient presented with a global aphasia 2 days after a left dominant anteromesial temporal lobectomy for intractable epilepsy. Magnetic resonance imaging on 5th post-operative day revealed severe narrowing of M1 segment of the left middle cerebral ...
Contini Sandro - - 2009
We report a hemorrhage from an eroded cystic artery in an ulcer of an inflamed calcolous gallbladder. Bleeding from the papilla was observed at side-view endoscopy. Echo endoscopy and contrast-enhanced computed tomography suggested a gallbladder bleeding. A clear-cut diagnosis was made by selective angiography, followed by embolization of the cystic ...
Dörner L - - 2009
We present a case of a subarachnoid haemorrhage due to a ruptured basilar artery aneurysm in a 61-year-old woman. She presented with visual deterioration as the only clinical sign, no previous episodes of headache were reported. Fundoscopy showed a bilateral vitreous haemorrhage. A consecutively performed cranial computer tomography demonstrated subarachnoid ...
Klingler Jan-Helge - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Presentation of a patient with acute subarachnoid hemorrhage from a ruptured spinal artery aneurysm attributable to exacerbated Sjögren syndrome. CLINICAL PRESENTATION: A 46-year-old woman with symptoms of exacerbated Sjögren syndrome experienced the acute onset of extreme headache accompanied by nuchal rigidity. INTERVENTION: A computed tomographic scan revealed subarachnoid hemorrhage. ...
Entezari Morteza - - 2009
PURPOSE: To determine the incidence of fundus findings in spontaneous subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) and their correlation with neurologic characteristics. METHODS: In a prospective case series, 202 eyes of 101 patients with SAH were evaluated from September 2003 to September 2006. The incidence of fundus findings was detected and correlated with ...
Park Beom Seok - - 2009
The authors present a rare case of severe vasospasm following the rupture of arteriovenous fistula. On initial CT scan, hematoma in the corpus callosum and left inferior frontal region with surrounding cerebromalacia and all ventricles without apparent subarachnoid hemorrhage were seen. Angiograms showed arterivenous fistula but did not show cerebral ...
Forget Patrice - - 2009
A 34-year-old woman with a previous history of severe headache ("thunderclap") was admitted with a diagnosis of aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). The patient developed symptomatic vasospasm on day 5 that resolved rapidly after having increased arterial blood pressure. She experienced also short-lasting excruciating headache. On day 12, while velocities had ...
Moradinejad Mohammad Hassan - - 2009
Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a chronic autoimmune disease of unknown etiology with multisystem involvement. A number of pulmonary complications including pleuritis, pneumonitis, infectious pneumonia, and pulmonary hemorrhage, have been reported in patients with SLE. Pulmonary hemorrhage is a major life-threatening manifestation in children and adolescents with SLE. Mycophenolate mofetil ...
Law H Y - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the influence of meteorological factors on the onset of aneurysmal subarachnoid haemorrhage in Hong Kong. DESIGN: Retrospective review of prospectively collected data. SETTING: University teaching hospital, Hong Kong. PATIENTS: A total of 135 consecutive patients with acute aneurysmal subarachnoid haemorrhage presenting to the hospital within 48 hours ...
Shah Monjri - - 2009
Obstetric hemorrhage is often a sudden, life-threatening event. Successful management hinges on both preoperative preparation if hemorrhage is anticipated as well as knowledge of interventions. Uterine-sparing techniques, such as aggressive and early use of uterotonics, balloon tamponade, uterine compression sutures, arterial ligation, and selective arterial embolization, may be used to ...
Nishikawa Tomofumi - - 2009
A 45-year-old man presented with bilateral acute subdural hematomas (ASDHs) without subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). He was found comatose in a parked car. Computed tomography showed left frontal intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) and bilateral ASDHs but no signs of SAH. Magnetic resonance angiography demonstrated an internal carotid artery dorsal wall aneurysm. Emergent ...
Dreyer Gavin - - 2009
Wegener granulomatosis classically involves the renal, respiratory, and ear, nose, and throat systems. Pulmonary hemorrhage is recognized as a severe respiratory complication. Untreated, the mortality rate approaches 90% at 2 years. We describe a case of Wegener granulomatosis with coexistent severe lung hemorrhage and pulmonary and deep vein thromboses. A ...
Fang Jen-Feng - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Most arterial hemorrhage associated with pelvic fracture can be adequately controlled by a single transcatheter arterial embolization (TAE). However, there is a small group of patients who remain hemodynamically unstable after TAE, have no other identifiable source of bleeding, and who benefit from repeat TAE of the pelvis. METHODS: ...
Diringer Michael N - - 2009
Acute aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) is a complex multifaceted disorder that plays out over days to weeks. Many patients with SAH are seriously ill and require a prolonged intensive care unit stay. Cardiopulmonary complications are common. The management of patients with SAH focuses on the anticipation, prevention, and management of ...
G??rses Levent - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to investigate the ability of a SERM, RLX, to prevent vasospasm in a rabbit model of SAH. METHODS: Thirty-four New Zealand white rabbits were allocated into 3 groups randomly. Subarachnoid hemorrhage was induced by injecting autologous blood into the cisterna magna. The treatment ...
Azarpazhooh Mahmoud Reza - - 2009
Microembolic signals (MES) detected by transcranial Doppler (TCD) have been reported in subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH), although their origin and contribution to brain ischemia remain uncertain. We conducted a prospective study to evaluate the frequency of MES among patients with SAH and to determine their origin. Twenty-seven patients with SAH, comprising ...
Altrichter S - - 2009
We report here on the case of a patient who, 10 days prior to his admission to hospital, had suffered a bicycle accident. He presented with signs of minor dysphasia. A brain CT-scan revealed slight subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) in the left sylvian fissure as well as narrowing of the distal ...
Fassett Daniel R - - 2009
Cervical dural arteriovenous fistulas (dAVFs) are a rare cause of intracranial subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) but should be considered when other sources are not found. Subarachnoid hemorrhage caused by dAVF is thought to occur as a result of venous hypertension in most cases. The clinical presentation, acute onset of severe headache, ...
Tong Ying - - 2009
Perhaps the most difficult practical decision for neurosurgeons these days is whether to secure aneurysms during the intermediate period (4-10 days) after aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). We reviewed retrospectively a series of 115 patients with a Hunt-Hess grade I-III upon admission who were admitted 4-10 days after initial supratentorial aneurysmal ...
Mori Kentaro - - 2009
OBJECT: The extracellular Mg++ has a vasodilatory effect on the cerebral artery. The present study investigated the effect of intracisternal injection of MgSO4 solution on cerebral vasospasm in a canine model of subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). METHODS: Subarachnoid hemorrhage was induced in 10 beagles using the two-hemorrhage model. Angiography of the ...
Fang Hsiu-Yu - - 2009
Several types of brain injury incurred during carotid artery stenting (CAS), such as embolic injury, hemodynamic events, and hemorrhage. Rapid differential diagnosis is important for decision making, and may help to avoid subsequent complications. Here, we describe a case with severe triple vessel coronary artery disease, who underwent right coronary ...
Kincaid M Sean - - 2009
OBJECT: The goal of this study was to assess the accuracy of the routine clinical use of transcranial Doppler (TCD) ultrasonography and SPECT in predicting angiographically demonstrated vasospasm. METHODS: Following receipt of institutional review board approval, the authors reviewed the records of patients with subarachnoid hemorrhage who had been admitted ...
Sun Po-Lin - - 2009
Lumbar artery bleeding with retroperitoneal hematoma is an uncommon life-threatening complication secondary to enoxaparin use. We present a case of 73-year-old Chinese woman with acute retroperitoneal hemorrhage one month following hip surgery, due to enoxaparine. Enoxaparin induced hemorrhage caused by spontaneous rupture of lumbar artery was suspected and treated successfully ...
Zhang Yejing - - 2009
In the present report, the case of a 60-year-old man who presented with syncope secondary to chronic thromboemboli of the main pulmonary arteries and pulmonary arterioles is described.
Lahner Daniel - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the impact of the lunar cycle on the incidence of aneurysmal subarachnoid haemorrhages. METHODS: We retrospectively identified all patients admitted to the department of neurosurgery during 1992 and 2004 suffering from aneurysmal subarachnoid haemorrhage. The onset of bleeding was compared with the lunar phase. RESULTS: We did ...
Yamagishi Masashi - - 2009
A 64-year-old Japanese female, diagnosed as dermatomyositis with acute interstitial pneumonia, complained of acute abdominal pain. Computed tomography of the abdomen showed hematoma in the right retroperitoneum and left rectus-sheath. Angiogram showed multiple small aneurysms on left iliolumbar artery and a horizontal linear flush, suggesting active bleeding foci in the ...
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