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Ricci Emanuele - - 2010
A 6-yr-old, captive-born male lion (Panthera leo) with a 3-day history of acute and nonprogressive spastic paraplegia of the hind limbs and flaccid paraplegia of the left forelimb, was submitted for postmortem examination. Before and after the onset of the neurologic signs, neither hematologic nor other significant clinical abnormalities were ...
Krings T - - 2010
Intracranial arterial dissecting diseases are rare and challenging diseases with a high associated morbidity and mortality. Their common pathomechanic origin is related to blood entering the vessel wall via an endothelial and intimal tear. Depending on the fate of the thus established intramural hematoma, different symptoms may ensue including mass ...
Kostov Dean - - 2010
Two patients presented with acute subarachnoid hemorrhage from a ruptured intracranial aneurysm. Both patients were treated via endovascular coil embolization, and both developed delayed lower extremity monoparesis without associated symptoms that resolved over the ensuing months. An extensive work-up lead us to propose the following hypothesis: the painless peripheral neuropathy ...
Friszer St?phanie - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Fetomaternal hemorrhage is a rare cause of fetal anemia and hydrops fetalis. Early and severe fetomaternal hemorrhage may benefit from in utero transfusion(s); however, hemorrhage rate is unpredictable, and reliable criteria are needed to identify recurrent anemia. CASE: Fetal hydrops due to massive fetomaternal hemorrhage was diagnosed at 29 ...
Kulkarni Ketan P - - 2010
In this letter the authors describe an acute lymphoblastic leukemia survivor with pontomedulary hemorrhage due to basilar artery malformation. Pathogenesis and management are discussed.
Chun Duk-Hee - - 2010
A patient received combined spinal-epidural anesthesia for a scheduled total knee arthroplasty. After an injection of spinal anesthetic and ephedrine due to a decrease in blood pressure, the patient developed a severe headache. The patient did not respond to verbal command at the completion of the operation. A brain CT ...
Magalhães Edno E CET/SBA of the Center of Anesthesiology of the Hospital Universitário de Brasília of the Universidade de Brasília (UnB), Brasília, DF. - - 2010
The beta-2 adrenergic receptor gene has several polymorphisms. Recent studies have demonstrated the clinical importance of the latter. The objective of the present study was to evaluate the influence of the Arg16Gli polymorphism on the incidence of arterial hypotension and ephedrine use in pregnant patients submitted to subarachnoid block for ...
Yonemitsu Takafumi - - 2010
This study was designed to compare the efficacy of transcatheter arterial embolization (TAE) with N-butyl cyanoacrylate (NBCA) or gelatin sponge particles (GSP) for acute arterial bleeding in a coagulopathic condition using a swine model. Four healthy swine were divided into two coagulopathic conditions: mild and severe. Five hemorrhages were created ...
Greve Jens - - 2010
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Vascular erosion is a rare but life-threatening complication after radiotherapy. The authors report on acute arterial bleeding and its therapy following radiotherapy of oropharyngeal tumors. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Ten patients with oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma of any stage developed foudroyant acute arterial hemorrhage 3-46 months (14.4 +/- ...
Wiseman James E - - 2010
Subarachnoid haemorrhage (SAH) is a common neurologic event characterised by bleeding into the space immediately surrounding the brain. In non-traumatic SAH, the predominant cause is aneurysmal rupture of the cerebral vasculature. A significant number occur in the absence of vascular anomalies. This report describes a case of a 35-year-old male ...
Jordan J Dedrick - - 2010
Subarachnoid hemorrhage from the rupture of a saccular aneurysm is a devastating neurological disease that has a high morbidity and mortality not only from the initial hemorrhage, but also from the delayed complications, such as cerebral vasospasm. Cerebral vasospasm can lead to delayed ischemic injury 1 to 2 weeks after ...
Pradilla Gustavo - - 2010
Morbidity and mortality of patients with aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (aSAH) is significantly related to the development of chronic cerebral vasospasm. Despite extensive clinical and experimental research, the pathophysiology of the events that result in delayed arterial spasm is not fully understood. A review of the published literature on cerebral vasospasm ...
Zacharia Brad E - - 2010
Aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (aSAH) is a form of hemorrhagic stroke that affects up to 30,000 individuals per year in the United States. The incidence of aSAH has been shown to be associated with numerous nonmodifiable (age, gender, ethnicity, family history, aneurysm location, size) and modifiable (hypertension, body mass index, tobacco ...
Zhang Zhi-Wen - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: After subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH), platelet-derived growth factor-BB (PDGF-BB) is secreted in and around the cerebral arteries. To clarify the role of PDGF-BB in the development of vasospasm after SAH, we determined whether PDGF-BB alone can cause long-lasting vasoconstriction of a severity similar to that of vasospasm. In addition, the ...
Valle Edison P - - 2010
The cases of 2 children with true aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhages (SAHs) and initial false-negative angiograms are reported. In both cases, the initial angiogram was of adequate technical quality and included the projections on which aneurysms were later documented. There was no significant vasospasm at the time of initial angiography; therefore, ...
Yu Y Y - - 2010
The effect of 2,2'-dipyridyl (DP) on cerebral vasospasm was investigated in a double-injection rabbit model of subarachnoid haemorrhage (SAH). Thirty-six animals were divided between four groups: control (sham-operated), SAH (model alone), SAH + DP (the SAH model in which DP dissolved in dimethyl sulphoxide [DMSO] was injected once daily for ...
Chen Jian-Hua - - 2010
Traumatic basal subarachnoid hemorrhage (TBSAH) is infrequent but of forensic neuropathological importance because of its high mortality and complex causal mechanisms. The source of the hemorrhage is most frequently identified in the vertebro-basilar arteries but often cannot be identified in these arteries. We present a case of TBSAH possibly originating ...
Cuvinciuc V - - 2010
Our aim was to review the etiologic background of isolated acute nontraumatic cSAH. While SAH located in the basal cisterns originates from a ruptured aneurysm in approximately 85% of cases, a broad spectrum of vascular and even nonvascular pathologies can cause acute nontraumatic SAH along the convexity. Arteriovenous malformations or ...
Nakajima S - - 2010
We retrospectively studied clinical characteristics of 368 patients with cerebral artery dissections who were diagnosed in 172 Japanese hospitals. Of these patients, 130 (35%) presented with subarachnoid hemorrhage, 217 (59%) with cerebral infarctions, and 21 (6%) with transient ischemic attacks. We analyzed 109 (84%) subarachnoid hemorrhage cases caused by vertebrobasilar ...
Shaqiri Elmaz - - 2010
Background. Basilar thrombosis is a potentially fatal event, whose traumatic etiology has been repeatedly stated. Methods. We performed the autopsy and the microscopic examination of the brain stem structures from an individual, whose sudden death raised logical suspicions regarding the causative factor. Results. The brain was swollen and clearly hyperemic; ...
Bodenant Marie - - 2010
Cerebral hyperperfusion syndrome is a rare but well-described complication following carotid endarterectomy or stenting. Clinical signs are ipsilateral, throbbing, unilateral headache with nausea or vomiting, seizures, and neurological deficits, with or without intracerebral abnormalities on CT scan, such as brain edema or intracerebral hemorrhage. Subarachnoidal hemorrhage is rarely described especially ...
Saito Atsushi - - 2010
The clinical characteristics of intrasylvian and subpial hematomas caused by rupture of middle cerebral artery (MCA) aneurysm were examined in 86 patients admitted to our department with subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) caused by ruptured MCA aneurysms. A retrospective study of 26 patients with a large hematoma associated with SAH treated surgically ...
Cooke Daniel - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Cerebral vasospasm is a major cause of morbidity and mortality among patients after subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) from ruptured intracranial aneurysms. Patients are often monitored using transcranial Doppler (TCD) ultrasound and single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) techniques. Historically SPECT has been evaluated qualitatively, though quantitative analysis software is now ...
Salvetti David J - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Quantifying vasospasm has traditionally been performed manually, a method prone to imprecision and user bias. An alternative approach is to use computerized image analysis techniques to define and quantify the diameter of a vessel. The goal of this article is to demonstrate a novel automated vessel measurement algorithm specific ...
Stocchetti Nino - - 2010
Pulmonary edema (PE) can occur after subarachnoid hemorrhage and can jeopardize arterial oxygenation, which is essential for a suffering brain. In some cases PE is evident in the emergency room, being the direct consequence of intracranial bleeding, which causes an immediate and overwhelming catecholamine discharge. In the following days, PE ...
Takeuchi Takumi - - 2010
Hemorrhagic cystitis is a disorder which causes bleeding from diffusely inflammatory bladder mucosa. Here we present a case of severe hemorrhagic cystitis caused by melphalan. A 70-year-old man with multiple myeloma was presented with suddenly commenced massive gross hematuria. During an attempt of transurethral coagulation of bladder mucosa, bladder perforation ...
Kato Yuji - - 2010
Cerebral venous thrombosis presenting as subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) is very rare. We present a woman with thrombosis of the superior sagittal, straight, transverse and sigmoid sinuses who presented with SAH in the right temporal sulcus and bilateral cerebellar sulci. Brain perfusion CT demonstrated a delay of the mean transit time ...
Yoshikawa Gakushi - - 2010
A 60-year-old woman with a history of intermittent headaches and frequent seizures for 30 years presented with a massive intracranial hematoma in the left medial temporal lobe with thick subarachnoid hemorrhage. She had been treated with anticonvulsant medication under a diagnosis of left mesial temporal sclerosis based on magnetic resonance ...
Guo L-M - - 2010
Spinal dural arteriovenous fistulas (DAVFs) may arise at any level from the foramen magnum to the sacrum. Only a few case series of DAVFs at the foramen magnum have been reported, especially with patients presenting with subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). We performed a retrospective study of four such cases and summarize ...
Hanafy Khalid A - - 2010
Poor admission clinical grade is the most important determinant of outcome after aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (aSAH); however, little attention has been focused on independent predictors of poor admission clinical grade. We hypothesized that the cerebral inflammatory response initiated at the time of aneurysm rupture contributes to ultra-early brain injury and ...
Anderson Tracey - - 2009
Subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) is a catastrophic event that carries a mortality rate of 25% to 50%, with 10% to 15% of patients dying before reaching a hospital. Approximately 30,000 aneurysms rupture each year in the United States. Aneurysmal SAH accounts for 2% to 5% of all new strokes each year. ...
Nicoletto Heather A - - 2009
Transcranial Doppler (TCD) is considered one of the most difficult ultrasound studies to perform. Knowledge of cerebral hemodynamics is essential to the interpretation of the TCD study. The most common uses for TCD are the evaluation for vasospasm after subarachnoid hemorrhage and for sickle cell vasculopathy. Other uses are the ...
Tan Lincoln - - 2009
BACKGROUND: A 74-year-old man developed severe, life-threatening bleeding refractory to endoscopic fulguration from a prostatic capsular perforation while undergoing transurethral resection of prostate (TURP) for complicated benign prostatic hyperplasia. At the time of the procedure the patient had several comorbidities, including hypertension and associated nephropathy, and erectile dysfunction. INVESTIGATIONS: CT ...
Sheikhazadi Ardeshir - - 2009
Some cases with aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) never reach the medical centre alive and they are not included in most studies of SAH. To explain the clinical profile of sudden death from aneurysmal SAH, we examined the epidemiology and clinicopathologic characteristics of patients with aneurysmal SAH who never reached medical ...
Stojanov Dragan - - 2009
Hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia, also known as Osler-Weber-Rendu disease, is an autosomal dominant disorder involving vascular abnormalities of various organs. Telangiectases are frequently observed, predominantly on the nasal and oral mucosa. We present a case a of 53-year-old man with the tonge hemorrhagic telangiectases and epistaxis. Selective catheterization and embolization of ...
White P - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: Early confirmation of aneurysmal cause for SAH can expedite patient management and thus minimise rebleed risk. CT Angiography is the first-line method for diagnosing the cause of SAH in most UK regions. We wanted to assess the use of CTA in this context in the East of Scotland and ...
Yang Tae-Ki - - 2009
The authors report a case of recurrent subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) after complete occlusion of an intracranial aneurysm. It is known that regrowth of an aneurysm after the complete clipping is a rare event. For detection of recurrence, however, it may be necessary to follow up with the patient regularly after ...
Ruigrok Ynte M - - 2010
BACKGROUND: We investigated whether genes influencing coagulation are associated with the occurrence of aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) and with secondary cerebral ischemia and rebleeding in patients with aneurysmal SAH. METHOD: Genotyping for factor V Leiden (G1691A), prothrombin G20210A, methylenetetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) C677T, factor XIII subunit A Val34Leu, Tyr204Phe and Pro564Leu, ...
Limbrick David D DD - - 2009
Traumatic, nonaneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) is common after closed head injury and most often results from ruptured cortical microvessels. Here, the authors present the case of a 60-year-old woman who fell and struck her head, causing traumatic enucleation and avulsion of both the optic nerve and ophthalmic artery. The arterial ...
Fukuhara Toru - - 2009
Endoscopic third ventriculostomy (ETV) has not been recognized as a surgical option for hydrocephalus following aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH), since hydrocephalus following aneurysmal SAH is considered to result from the communicating component. However, obstructions in the ventricular system may exist, so ETV could help resolve the condition. The present study ...
Sakata Hiroyuki - - 2009
A 48-year-old woman suffered head trauma and presented with an acute epidural hematoma with a linear fracture of the right temporal bone across the middle meningeal groove. Initial angiography demonstrated no vascular abnormalities. Eight months later, she again suffered head trauma and computed tomography demonstrated traumatic subarachnoid hemorrhage. Right external ...
Pendharkar Arjun V - - 2009
The authors describe the case of a 13-year-old boy who presented with an intraventricular hemorrhage caused by a left trigonal arteriovenous malformation. After an initial recovery, the patient experienced complete right-sided paresis on posthemorrhage Day 6. Severe cerebral vasospasm was found on MR angiography and confirmed on conventional cerebral angiography. ...
Ambika Santhosh - - 2009
The development of adrenal hemorrhage from lung cancer metastasis is extremely rare. A 54-year-old woman with stage IV non-small-cell lung cancer and known bilateral adrenal metastasis developed severe right-sided abdominal pain while undergoing chemotherapy treatment. A computerized tomography scan of the abdomen with intravenous contrast demonstrated massive right-sided retroperitoneal hemorrhage. ...
Cavu?o?lu Halit - - 2010
A case of an isolated posterior spinal artery aneurysm of the upper cervical spinal cord is presented. Spinal artery aneurysms that are not associated with other entities are extremely rare. Four cases have been reported in the literature to date. The patient developed symptoms and signs of intracranial subarachnoid hemorrhage. ...
Jeon Ik-Chan - - 2009
Cardiac dysfunction after aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) is associated with elevation of serum cardiac troponin I (cTnI) levels. Elevation of cTnI predicts cardiopulmonary and neurological complications, and poor outcome. We retrospectively reviewed the medical and radiologic records of 114 (male : 30, female : 84) patients who developed aneurysmal SAH ...
Ota Hideki H Department of Radiology, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, - - 2009
Histological studies suggest associations between hemorrhage and large lipid-rich/necrotic cores with thin or ruptured fibrous caps in advanced atherosclerosis. We investigated these associations in carotid arteries with mild to severe stenosis by in vivo 3T MRI. Seventy-seven patients with >or=50% carotid stenosis in at least one side by duplex ultrasound ...
Samada Kazunori - - 2009
A case of cerebral hemorrhage associated with sildenafil (Revatio) use in an infant is presented. Sildenafil is increasingly used in the treatment of primary and secondary pulmonary arterial hypertension and pulmonary arteriovenous fistula. In the reported case, sildenafil used to treat pulmonary arteriovenous fistula improved right-to-left shunting across the pulmonary ...
Dimmick Simon J - - 2009
Multidetector computed tomographic (CT) angiography is used in many institutions for initial evaluation of the cerebral circulation for acute stroke and subarachnoid hemorrhage as well as in various preoperative settings. A comprehensive CT examination that includes a review of three-dimensional and maximum intensity projection images of the intra- and extracranial ...
Celix Juanita M - - 2009
Bleeding of an arteriovenous malformation (AVM) following stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) is a known risk during the latency interval, but hemorrhage in the 30-day period following radiosurgery rarely has been reported in the literature. The authors present the case of a 57-year-old man who underwent Gamma Knife surgery for a large ...
Park Sukh Que - - 2009
Subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) around the midbrain without evidence of aneurysm, a so-called perimesencephalic SAH, has been considered a typical nonaneurysmal SAH. Recently, we have encountered several patients with SAHs that could have been classified as having perimesencephalic SAH, but a common cause of the bleeding was demonstrated. In this article, ...
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