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Eryilmaz Ufuk U Department of Cardiology, Adnan Menderes University, Aydin, - - 2013
We report a case of fistulous communication with two saccular aneurysms (9 mm and 7 mm) between the sinoatrial branch of the circumflex artery and the bronchial arteries.
Spampinato Ricardo A RA Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Heart Center, University of Leipzig, Leipzig, Germany. - - 2013
Pseudoaneurysm of the mitral-aortic intervalvular body is a rare condition, which has been reported as a result of endocarditis, chest trauma or cardiac surgery. We describe here the first case after minimally invasive mitral valve repair. Such a complication may be overlooked in the early postoperative echocardiographic study and may ...
Oh Jun-Hyok - - 2012
Coronary cameral fistula (CCF) is a rare anomaly, where a communication exists between an epicardial coronary artery and a cardiac chamber. Assessing the hemodynamic significance of the fistula is crucial to make a decision concerning the management process. We present two cases of CCF, draining into the left ventricle, in ...
Leng Xin Yi - - 2012
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Large artery intracranial occlusive disease (LAICOD) is a predominant cause of ischemic stroke in China. Carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT) and presence of carotid plaque are also related to subsequent ischemic stroke. However, the correlation between these and LAICOD is less clear. METHODS: This was a community-based cross-sectional ...
Lee Young-ju - - 2012
A 67-year-old woman presented with memory impairment and behavioral changes. Brain MRI indicated hepatic encephalopathy. Abdominal CT scans revealed an intrahepatic portosystemic venous shunt that consisted of two shunt tracts to the aneurysmal sac that communicated directly with the right hepatic vein. The large tract was successfully occluded by embolization ...
Gupta Monika - - 2012
Coeliac trunk (CT) is a ventral branch of abdominal aorta (AA) supplying the foregut through its three main branches, left gastric (LGA), common hepatic (CHA) and splenic artery (Standring et al., 2009). Branching pattern of CT may vary from above mentioned classical three to four, five or six. Additional branches ...
Andziak P - - 2012
Seroepidemiological studies have given rise to the hypothesis that microorganisms like Chlamydia pneumoniae (CP), Helicobacter pylori (HP), cytomegalovirus (CMV), HCV types 1 and 2, and bacteria involved in dental or other unspecified infection sites may initiate or maintain the atherosclerotic process in lower limb arteries. However, not much attention has ...
Kong Joon Hyuk - - 2012
Pulmonary arteriovenous malformation (PAVM) is a rare anomalous direct communication between the pulmonary artery and vein with a considerable risk of serious complications such as cerebral thromboembolism or abscess and pulmonary hemorrhage. Although the past, surgical resection such as lobectomy was mostly used to treat PAVM, the recent development of ...
Rubin Jonathan J Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA. - - 2012
Hyperglycemia has been associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Although numerous studies have demonstrated that hyperglycemia is associated with the atherosis component of atherosclerosis, limited studies have addressed the independent role of hyperglycemia in the pathophysiology of sclerotic vascular disease. We hypothesized that hyperglycemia, as assessed ...
Choi Chan Young - - 2012
The anterior choroidal artery has several kinds of variations. Among them, the transposition of anterior choroidal artery and posterior communicating artery origins has been extremely rare. We report a case with cerebral aneurysm arising from posterior communicating artery which origin was distal to the anterior choroidal artery and review the ...
Leon Maria-Magdalena - - 2012
Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) represents the formation of a blood clot in one of the deep veins of our body, predominantly occurring in the legs. According to international guidelines, the goal of the treatment in deep vein thrombosis is to prevent the progression and the recurrences of thrombotic process. The ...
Antognini Joseph F - - 2012
BACKGROUND:: The brain is assumed to be the site of anesthetic action, but anesthetics have effects elsewhere, such as the spinal cord. A preferentially anesthetized goat brain model was used to determine the importance of anesthetic action in the brain. METHODS:: Six goats were anesthetized with isoflurane; after tracheal intubation ...
Kamat A S - - 2012
An 18-year-old man inhaled a substance containing synthetic cannabinoids and 1hour later developed a severe global headache. Imaging revealed a perimesencephalic subarachnoid haemorrhage. An angiogram suggested that a small superior cerebellar artery aneurysm was the culprit. This report discusses the, as yet undefined, relationship between "herbal highs" and intracranial haemorrhage.
Yoshida Masahiro - - 2012
A 48-year-old woman experienced sudden onset of severe headache. Computed tomography showed subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) and intracerebral hematoma in the right frontal lobe. Digital subtraction angiography revealed three aneurysms in the anterior communicating artery (AcomA), the right posterior communicating artery (PcomA), and the right middle cerebral artery. The AcomA aneurysm ...
Taslakian Bedros - - 2012
Pancreatitis is a known cause of pseudoaneurysms of the peripancreatic arteries, which can rarely rupture into various adjacent structures and become a source of life-threatening bleeding. The management is challenging and requires an individualised approach and multidisciplinary care. Herein, we present the case of a 24-year-old man in whom a ...
Emmel Mathias - - 2011
A vein of Galen malformation - a rare cause of cardiac insufficiency in neonates - is sometimes associated with coarctation of the aorta, two diseases requiring urgent therapy in the neonatal period. We report on a term neonate in whom we first palliated the coarctation by stent implantation, providing time ...
Lorts Angela - - 2011
Because a minority of patients with D-transposition of the great arteries are diagnosed in utero by ultrasound, most present after delivery with cyanosis. In the absence of apparent lung disease, cyanotic neonates suspected of having a cardiac lesion should be immediately transferred to an intensive care unit at a pediatric ...
Sabri Saher S - - 2011
The gastric varices communicate with gastrorenal and gastrocaval shunts and are classified according to the pattern of venous inflow into three types, which differ in the number and location of the inflow veins. The gastric varices are also classified according to their venous drainage into four different types, reflecting the ...
Corliss Robert F - - 2011
A 3 ½-year-old previously healthy female experienced an episode of sudden unresponsiveness witnessed by her mother. Upon arrival to the local hospital, imaging studies of the still unresponsive child revealed severe bilateral "flash" pulmonary edema and diffuse anoxic brain injury. Aggressive resuscitative efforts were unsuccessful, and she was pronounced dead. ...
Weidenbach Michael - - 2011
A hemodynamically stable neonate with transposition of the great arteries suddenly went into cardiac arrest during preparation for transport to the operating room. Emergency echocardiography during cardiac massage detected coronary air embolism as the presumed cause of arrest. After about 15 minutes of resuscitation, it was possible to establish return of ...
Singh Jasmeet - - 2011
Ductus arteriosus aneurysm (DAA) can be associated with neonatal thromboembolism. We report a neonate with systemic thromboembolism causing acute cerebral infarction with DAA, arterial, and venous thrombosis, discovered on CT angiography. The role of DAA was suspected as a potential etiology of systemic thromboembolism in this case. CT angiography with ...
Takeuchi Koh - - 2011
Right interrupted aortic arch and descending aorta is exceedingly rare and most likely cause respiratory presentation, since patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) courses over the right mainstem bronchus. We report a case of successful neonatal biventricular repair of a right interrupted aortic arch (type B), with an aberrant right subclavian artery ...
Koneti Nageswara R - - 2011
Four neonates presented within 24 hours of birth with stridor, respiratory distress and a weak cry. Clinical examination of the cardiovascular system revealed no abnormality. The transthoracic echocardiogram showed large aneurysm of ductus arteriosus at the aortic isthmus, tapering to a small tortuous channel at the site of pulmonary artery ...
Pappy Reji - - 2011
Subintimal recanalization is beneficial in selected patients with peripheral chronic total occlusions (CTO). However, in complex cases, re-entry into the true arterial lumen may prove to be unsuccessful with a conventional guidewire or a re-entry catheter when using standard femoral artery access. Our case series describes these technical dilemmas along ...
Wang Han-Wei - - 2011
We demonstrate for the first time the applicability of multimodal nonlinear optical (NLO) microscopy to the interrogation of stented coronary arteries under different diet and stent deployment conditions. Bare metal stents and Taxus drug-eluting stents (DES) were placed in coronary arteries of Ossabaw pigs of control and atherogenic diet groups. ...
Mylankal Kurian J - - 2011
An 80-year-old man presented with painful leg ulceration due to steal phenomenon from a groin arteriovenous fistula (AVF) 10 years following a coronary angiogram. The diagnosis of the AVF was confirmed by duplex examination of the groin vessels which demonstrated characteristic flow pattern in the femoral arterial and venous system. ...
Shi Zhong-Song ZS Division of Interventional Neuroradiology, David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, 757 Westwood Plaza, Los Angeles, CA 90095-7437, - - 2010
Subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) is a potential hemorrhagic complication after endovascular intracranial recanalization. The purpose of this study was to describe the frequency and predictors of SAH in acute ischemic stroke patients treated endovascularly and its impact on clinical outcome. Acute ischemic stroke patients treated with primary mechanical thrombectomy, intra-arterial thrombolysis, ...
Manners James - - 2010
A 70-year-old man with a history of hypertension presented with severe epigastric discomfort that radiated to his back. CT revealed cystic kidney disease and a large retroperitoneal hemorrhage, and CT angiography identified an active bleeding point in the region of the left adrenal gland. Selective left renal angiography identified a ...
Fischbein Nancy J - - 2010
Nontraumatic (or spontaneous) intracranial hemorrhage most commonly involves the brain parenchyma and subarachnoid space. This entity accounts for at least 10% of strokes and is a leading cause of death and disability in adults. Important causes of spontaneous intracranial hemorrhage include hypertension, cerebral amyloid angiopathy, aneurysms, vascular malformations, and hemorrhagic ...
Karaiskos Theodoros - - 2010
Acute hemorrhage during mediastinoscopy is a life-threatening complication. Although rare, iatrogenic damage of the thoracic great vessels is probable during mediastinoscopic biopsy. We report two cases of iatrogenic massive mediastinoscopic bleeding from the aortic arch and innominate artery managed initially by simple packing and controlled finally by cardiopulmonary bypass and ...
Hsu Wesley - - 2010
Pretruncal nonaneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (PNSAH), more commonly known as perimesencephalic nonaneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage, is characterized by the presence of subarachnoid hemorrhage anterior to the midbrain with no evidence of an intracranial aneurysm on four vessel craniocervical angiogram. Although vasospasm is a common occurrence after aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage and can lead ...
Tsutsumi Satoshi - - 2010
A 71-year-old female, without medical or family history for cerebrovascular disease, presented with basilar and bilateral carotid dolichoectasia manifesting as dysarthria and hemisensory disturbance, which resolved spontaneously within a day. She suffered brainstem infarction 28 months later, manifesting as drowsiness, dysarthria, and right hemiparesis. Her consciousness level progressively deteriorated to ...
Wong George K C - - 2010
OBJECT: Disturbance of cerebral phosphorus-containing metabolites occurs in many disease entities and has not been widely studied in patients with subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). Pilot studies have indicated that hypermagnesemic treatment may improve outcome in patients with aneurysmal SAH, but the precise mechanism is not known. The authors hypothesized that, by ...
Dupont Stefan A - - 2010
OBJECT: In this study, the authors' goal was to minimize false-negative results in the detection of ruptured cerebral aneurysms. METHODS: The authors retrospectively reviewed the clinical and radiological information in consecutive adult patients admitted with acute subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) to their hospital between January 1, 2002, and January 1, 2008. ...
Talwar Sachin - - 2010
We report a 3-year-old patient with a rare combination of a sinus venosus interatrial communication, anomalous drainage of the right superior pulmonary vein to the right atrium, persistent left superior caval vein, and interruption of the inferior caval vein. We discuss features of anatomical and technical interest.
Laskowitz Daniel T - - 2010
Despite advances in aneurysm ablation and the initial management of patients presenting with aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage, delayed cerebral ischemia remains a significant source of morbidity. Traditionally, delayed cerebral ischemia was thought to be a result of vasospasm of the proximal intracranial vessels, and clinical trials have relied largely on radiographic ...
Landgraf M - - 2010
Primary immune thrombocytopenia (ITP) in children is usually self-limiting and harmless but can, rarely, result in life-threatening complications. The case of an 11-year-old girl with ITP is presented who developed recurrent intracranial hemorrhages followed by cerebral infarctions. The clinical course was complicated by a graft-versus-host disease involving several organs. Treatment ...
Furtado Sunil V - - 2010
Neuro-ophthalmic manifestations of aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage are commonly linked to a palsy of the cranial nerve in close proximity to the aneurysm or to chronic intracranial hypertension. A patient with subarachnoid hemorrhage secondary to a rupture of an intracranial right ophthalmic segment internal carotid artery aneurysm presented with an acute-onset ...
Ishikawa Takaki - - 2010
Blood aspiration may be fatal, even when caused by a minor hemorrhage, and then it is important to localize and identify the source of bleeding in order to determine its origin as traumatic, spontaneous or iatrogenic. The present case deals with the clinically unexpected sudden death of a 73-year-old woman ...
Vijatov-Djuric G - - 2010
Pulmonary hemorrhage is a rare and life-threatening complication of systemic lupus erythematosus. In this report, we described a 17-year-old female with pulmonary hemorrhage as an initial manifestation of systemic lupus erythematosus, along with lupus nephritis and central nervous system lupus. High doses of corticosteroids and pulse cyclophosphamide therapy resulted in ...
Hughes Mark A - - 2010
Seasonal variation in incidence of spontaneous subarachnoid haemorrhage (SAH) is well recognised. This retrospective single-centre study aimed to characterise seasonality of SAH in the temperate climate of London, UK and to determine associations of incidence with meteorological variables. We further investigated whether associations vary according to location of aneurysm. Admission ...
Sidhu Harpreet Kaur - - 2010
We studied the role of pelvic artery embolization in management of obstetric hemorrhage by retrospective analysis of 50 cases of obstetric hemorrhage in a tertiary care referral hospital where this procedure was used. Uterine and or internal iliac artery embolization was performed for the management of postpartum hemorrhage (39 cases; ...
Nour-Eldin Nour-Eldin A - - 2011
To assess risk factors and the extent of pulmonary hemorrhage complicating radiofrequency ablation (RFA) of pulmonary neoplasms. This retrospective study involved 248 ablation sessions for lung tumors (20 primary lesions and 228 metastatic lesions) in 164 patients (mean age 59.7 years, SD: 10.2). Both unipolar and bipolar radiofrequency systems were ...
Elmunzer B Joseph - - 2010
Real-time visualization of submucosal arterial flow at the base of an ulcer might improve endoscopic hemostasis by permitting more accurate assessment of the artery, precise targeting of therapy, and confirmation of vessel ablation. To evaluate the utility of a novel, forward-viewing echoendoscope in identifying bleeding submucosal arteries, guiding hemostatic therapy, ...
Doukas Alexandros - - 2011
<title/> Cerebral vasospasm complicating the aneurysmal subarachnoid haemorrhage is a well known medical entity. The delayed ischemic neurological deficits (DINDs) as a result of vasospasm, remain the main cause of morbidity among patients who manage to survive this severe disease pattern. When the traditional treatment options either medical or interventional, ...
Takahashi Masataka - - 2011
Object Sphenopalatine ganglion stimulation activates perivascular vasodilatory nerves in the ipsilateral anterior circle of Willis. This experiment tested whether stimulation of the ganglion could reverse vasospasm and improve cerebral perfusion after subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) in monkeys. Methods Thirteen cynomolgus monkeys underwent baseline angiography followed by creation of SAH by placement ...
Veras T Wilson R - - 2010
The posterior cerebral arteries are paired vessels that usually originate from the basilar artery at the level of the pontomesencephalic fissure and are joined by the posterior communicating artery to close the posterior portion of the Circle of Willis (circulus arteriosus cerebri). There is a considerable variation in the presence ...
Lapchak Paul A PA Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, Department of Neurology, Burns & Allen Res. Inst. 110 North George Burns Road, D-2091, Los Angeles, CA 90048, USA. - - 2010
The rabbit large clot embolic stroke model has been used for over 23 years to study methods to manipulate hemorrhage and to test drugs and devices for safety, because the rabbit model is particularly sensitive to embolism-induced hemorrhage. This study refined the original embolization procedure using an automated, pump-assisted injection ...
Vulekovic Petar - - 2011
We report a patient with combined thrombophilia-protein C deficiency and mild hyperhomocysteinemia with total spontaneous thrombosis of a basilar tip aneurysm after subarachnoid hemorrhage, without neurological deficit. At admission, the patient had headache, drowsiness, and nausea, with no neurological deficit. Computed tomography (CT) did not show the presence of subarachnoid ...
Shankar Jai Jai Shiva - - 2011
Several methods have been used to treat cerebral vasospasm, which is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in patients with aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). Here, we examined the effectiveness and safety of intra-arterial injection of milrinone for the treatment of vasospasm. Consecutive patients with angiographically confirmed vasospasm received intra-arterial ...
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