Search Results
Results 101 - 150 of 1228
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Corliss Robert F - - 2011
A 3 ½-year-old previously healthy female experienced an episode of sudden unresponsiveness witnessed by her mother. Upon arrival to the local hospital, imaging studies of the still unresponsive child revealed severe bilateral "flash" pulmonary edema and diffuse anoxic brain injury. Aggressive resuscitative efforts were unsuccessful, and she was pronounced dead. ...
Weidenbach Michael - - 2011
A hemodynamically stable neonate with transposition of the great arteries suddenly went into cardiac arrest during preparation for transport to the operating room. Emergency echocardiography during cardiac massage detected coronary air embolism as the presumed cause of arrest. After about 15 minutes of resuscitation, it was possible to establish return of ...
Singh Jasmeet - - 2011
Ductus arteriosus aneurysm (DAA) can be associated with neonatal thromboembolism. We report a neonate with systemic thromboembolism causing acute cerebral infarction with DAA, arterial, and venous thrombosis, discovered on CT angiography. The role of DAA was suspected as a potential etiology of systemic thromboembolism in this case. CT angiography with ...
Takeuchi Koh - - 2011
Right interrupted aortic arch and descending aorta is exceedingly rare and most likely cause respiratory presentation, since patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) courses over the right mainstem bronchus. We report a case of successful neonatal biventricular repair of a right interrupted aortic arch (type B), with an aberrant right subclavian artery ...
Koneti Nageswara R - - 2011
Four neonates presented within 24 hours of birth with stridor, respiratory distress and a weak cry. Clinical examination of the cardiovascular system revealed no abnormality. The transthoracic echocardiogram showed large aneurysm of ductus arteriosus at the aortic isthmus, tapering to a small tortuous channel at the site of pulmonary artery ...
Pappy Reji - - 2011
Subintimal recanalization is beneficial in selected patients with peripheral chronic total occlusions (CTO). However, in complex cases, re-entry into the true arterial lumen may prove to be unsuccessful with a conventional guidewire or a re-entry catheter when using standard femoral artery access. Our case series describes these technical dilemmas along ...
Wang Han-Wei - - 2011
We demonstrate for the first time the applicability of multimodal nonlinear optical (NLO) microscopy to the interrogation of stented coronary arteries under different diet and stent deployment conditions. Bare metal stents and Taxus drug-eluting stents (DES) were placed in coronary arteries of Ossabaw pigs of control and atherogenic diet groups. ...
Mylankal Kurian J - - 2011
An 80-year-old man presented with painful leg ulceration due to steal phenomenon from a groin arteriovenous fistula (AVF) 10 years following a coronary angiogram. The diagnosis of the AVF was confirmed by duplex examination of the groin vessels which demonstrated characteristic flow pattern in the femoral arterial and venous system. ...
Shi Zhong-Song - - 2010
Subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) is a potential hemorrhagic complication after endovascular intracranial recanalization. The purpose of this study was to describe the frequency and predictors of SAH in acute ischemic stroke patients treated endovascularly and its impact on clinical outcome. Acute ischemic stroke patients treated with primary mechanical thrombectomy, intra-arterial thrombolysis, ...
Manners James - - 2010
A 70-year-old man with a history of hypertension presented with severe epigastric discomfort that radiated to his back. CT revealed cystic kidney disease and a large retroperitoneal hemorrhage, and CT angiography identified an active bleeding point in the region of the left adrenal gland. Selective left renal angiography identified a ...
Fischbein Nancy J - - 2010
Nontraumatic (or spontaneous) intracranial hemorrhage most commonly involves the brain parenchyma and subarachnoid space. This entity accounts for at least 10% of strokes and is a leading cause of death and disability in adults. Important causes of spontaneous intracranial hemorrhage include hypertension, cerebral amyloid angiopathy, aneurysms, vascular malformations, and hemorrhagic ...
Karaiskos Theodoros - - 2010
Acute hemorrhage during mediastinoscopy is a life-threatening complication. Although rare, iatrogenic damage of the thoracic great vessels is probable during mediastinoscopic biopsy. We report two cases of iatrogenic massive mediastinoscopic bleeding from the aortic arch and innominate artery managed initially by simple packing and controlled finally by cardiopulmonary bypass and ...
Hsu Wesley - - 2010
Pretruncal nonaneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (PNSAH), more commonly known as perimesencephalic nonaneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage, is characterized by the presence of subarachnoid hemorrhage anterior to the midbrain with no evidence of an intracranial aneurysm on four vessel craniocervical angiogram. Although vasospasm is a common occurrence after aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage and can lead ...
Tsutsumi Satoshi - - 2010
A 71-year-old female, without medical or family history for cerebrovascular disease, presented with basilar and bilateral carotid dolichoectasia manifesting as dysarthria and hemisensory disturbance, which resolved spontaneously within a day. She suffered brainstem infarction 28 months later, manifesting as drowsiness, dysarthria, and right hemiparesis. Her consciousness level progressively deteriorated to ...
Wong George K C - - 2010
OBJECT: Disturbance of cerebral phosphorus-containing metabolites occurs in many disease entities and has not been widely studied in patients with subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). Pilot studies have indicated that hypermagnesemic treatment may improve outcome in patients with aneurysmal SAH, but the precise mechanism is not known. The authors hypothesized that, by ...
Dupont Stefan A - - 2010
OBJECT: In this study, the authors' goal was to minimize false-negative results in the detection of ruptured cerebral aneurysms. METHODS: The authors retrospectively reviewed the clinical and radiological information in consecutive adult patients admitted with acute subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) to their hospital between January 1, 2002, and January 1, 2008. ...
Talwar Sachin - - 2010
We report a 3-year-old patient with a rare combination of a sinus venosus interatrial communication, anomalous drainage of the right superior pulmonary vein to the right atrium, persistent left superior caval vein, and interruption of the inferior caval vein. We discuss features of anatomical and technical interest.
Laskowitz Daniel T - - 2010
Despite advances in aneurysm ablation and the initial management of patients presenting with aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage, delayed cerebral ischemia remains a significant source of morbidity. Traditionally, delayed cerebral ischemia was thought to be a result of vasospasm of the proximal intracranial vessels, and clinical trials have relied largely on radiographic ...
Landgraf M - - 2010
Primary immune thrombocytopenia (ITP) in children is usually self-limiting and harmless but can, rarely, result in life-threatening complications. The case of an 11-year-old girl with ITP is presented who developed recurrent intracranial hemorrhages followed by cerebral infarctions. The clinical course was complicated by a graft-versus-host disease involving several organs. Treatment ...
Furtado Sunil V - - 2010
Neuro-ophthalmic manifestations of aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage are commonly linked to a palsy of the cranial nerve in close proximity to the aneurysm or to chronic intracranial hypertension. A patient with subarachnoid hemorrhage secondary to a rupture of an intracranial right ophthalmic segment internal carotid artery aneurysm presented with an acute-onset ...
Ishikawa Takaki - - 2010
Blood aspiration may be fatal, even when caused by a minor hemorrhage, and then it is important to localize and identify the source of bleeding in order to determine its origin as traumatic, spontaneous or iatrogenic. The present case deals with the clinically unexpected sudden death of a 73-year-old woman ...
Vijatov-Djuric G - - 2010
Pulmonary hemorrhage is a rare and life-threatening complication of systemic lupus erythematosus. In this report, we described a 17-year-old female with pulmonary hemorrhage as an initial manifestation of systemic lupus erythematosus, along with lupus nephritis and central nervous system lupus. High doses of corticosteroids and pulse cyclophosphamide therapy resulted in ...
Hughes Mark A - - 2010
Seasonal variation in incidence of spontaneous subarachnoid haemorrhage (SAH) is well recognised. This retrospective single-centre study aimed to characterise seasonality of SAH in the temperate climate of London, UK and to determine associations of incidence with meteorological variables. We further investigated whether associations vary according to location of aneurysm. Admission ...
Sidhu Harpreet Kaur - - 2010
We studied the role of pelvic artery embolization in management of obstetric hemorrhage by retrospective analysis of 50 cases of obstetric hemorrhage in a tertiary care referral hospital where this procedure was used. Uterine and or internal iliac artery embolization was performed for the management of postpartum hemorrhage (39 cases; ...
Nour-Eldin Nour-Eldin A - - 2011
To assess risk factors and the extent of pulmonary hemorrhage complicating radiofrequency ablation (RFA) of pulmonary neoplasms. This retrospective study involved 248 ablation sessions for lung tumors (20 primary lesions and 228 metastatic lesions) in 164 patients (mean age 59.7 years, SD: 10.2). Both unipolar and bipolar radiofrequency systems were ...
Elmunzer B Joseph - - 2010
Real-time visualization of submucosal arterial flow at the base of an ulcer might improve endoscopic hemostasis by permitting more accurate assessment of the artery, precise targeting of therapy, and confirmation of vessel ablation. To evaluate the utility of a novel, forward-viewing echoendoscope in identifying bleeding submucosal arteries, guiding hemostatic therapy, ...
Doukas Alexandros - - 2011
<title/> Cerebral vasospasm complicating the aneurysmal subarachnoid haemorrhage is a well known medical entity. The delayed ischemic neurological deficits (DINDs) as a result of vasospasm, remain the main cause of morbidity among patients who manage to survive this severe disease pattern. When the traditional treatment options either medical or interventional, ...
Takahashi Masataka - - 2011
Object Sphenopalatine ganglion stimulation activates perivascular vasodilatory nerves in the ipsilateral anterior circle of Willis. This experiment tested whether stimulation of the ganglion could reverse vasospasm and improve cerebral perfusion after subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) in monkeys. Methods Thirteen cynomolgus monkeys underwent baseline angiography followed by creation of SAH by placement ...
Veras T Wilson R - - 2010
The posterior cerebral arteries are paired vessels that usually originate from the basilar artery at the level of the pontomesencephalic fissure and are joined by the posterior communicating artery to close the posterior portion of the Circle of Willis (circulus arteriosus cerebri). There is a considerable variation in the presence ...
Lapchak Paul A - - 2010
The rabbit large clot embolic stroke model has been used for over 23 years to study methods to manipulate hemorrhage and to test drugs and devices for safety, because the rabbit model is particularly sensitive to embolism-induced hemorrhage. This study refined the original embolization procedure using an automated, pump-assisted injection ...
Vulekovic Petar - - 2011
We report a patient with combined thrombophilia-protein C deficiency and mild hyperhomocysteinemia with total spontaneous thrombosis of a basilar tip aneurysm after subarachnoid hemorrhage, without neurological deficit. At admission, the patient had headache, drowsiness, and nausea, with no neurological deficit. Computed tomography (CT) did not show the presence of subarachnoid ...
Shankar Jai Jai Shiva - - 2011
Several methods have been used to treat cerebral vasospasm, which is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in patients with aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). Here, we examined the effectiveness and safety of intra-arterial injection of milrinone for the treatment of vasospasm. Consecutive patients with angiographically confirmed vasospasm received intra-arterial ...
Ricci Emanuele - - 2010
A 6-yr-old, captive-born male lion (Panthera leo) with a 3-day history of acute and nonprogressive spastic paraplegia of the hind limbs and flaccid paraplegia of the left forelimb, was submitted for postmortem examination. Before and after the onset of the neurologic signs, neither hematologic nor other significant clinical abnormalities were ...
Krings T - - 2010
Intracranial arterial dissecting diseases are rare and challenging diseases with a high associated morbidity and mortality. Their common pathomechanic origin is related to blood entering the vessel wall via an endothelial and intimal tear. Depending on the fate of the thus established intramural hematoma, different symptoms may ensue including mass ...
Kostov Dean - - 2010
Two patients presented with acute subarachnoid hemorrhage from a ruptured intracranial aneurysm. Both patients were treated via endovascular coil embolization, and both developed delayed lower extremity monoparesis without associated symptoms that resolved over the ensuing months. An extensive work-up lead us to propose the following hypothesis: the painless peripheral neuropathy ...
Friszer St?phanie - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Fetomaternal hemorrhage is a rare cause of fetal anemia and hydrops fetalis. Early and severe fetomaternal hemorrhage may benefit from in utero transfusion(s); however, hemorrhage rate is unpredictable, and reliable criteria are needed to identify recurrent anemia. CASE: Fetal hydrops due to massive fetomaternal hemorrhage was diagnosed at 29 ...
Kulkarni Ketan P - - 2010
In this letter the authors describe an acute lymphoblastic leukemia survivor with pontomedulary hemorrhage due to basilar artery malformation. Pathogenesis and management are discussed.
Chun Duk-Hee - - 2010
A patient received combined spinal-epidural anesthesia for a scheduled total knee arthroplasty. After an injection of spinal anesthetic and ephedrine due to a decrease in blood pressure, the patient developed a severe headache. The patient did not respond to verbal command at the completion of the operation. A brain CT ...
Magalhães Edno E CET/SBA of the Center of Anesthesiology of the Hospital Universitário de Brasília of the Universidade de Brasília (UnB), Brasília, DF. - - 2010
The beta-2 adrenergic receptor gene has several polymorphisms. Recent studies have demonstrated the clinical importance of the latter. The objective of the present study was to evaluate the influence of the Arg16Gli polymorphism on the incidence of arterial hypotension and ephedrine use in pregnant patients submitted to subarachnoid block for ...
Yonemitsu Takafumi - - 2010
This study was designed to compare the efficacy of transcatheter arterial embolization (TAE) with N-butyl cyanoacrylate (NBCA) or gelatin sponge particles (GSP) for acute arterial bleeding in a coagulopathic condition using a swine model. Four healthy swine were divided into two coagulopathic conditions: mild and severe. Five hemorrhages were created ...
Greve Jens - - 2010
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Vascular erosion is a rare but life-threatening complication after radiotherapy. The authors report on acute arterial bleeding and its therapy following radiotherapy of oropharyngeal tumors. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Ten patients with oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma of any stage developed foudroyant acute arterial hemorrhage 3-46 months (14.4 +/- ...
Wiseman James E - - 2010
Subarachnoid haemorrhage (SAH) is a common neurologic event characterised by bleeding into the space immediately surrounding the brain. In non-traumatic SAH, the predominant cause is aneurysmal rupture of the cerebral vasculature. A significant number occur in the absence of vascular anomalies. This report describes a case of a 35-year-old male ...
Jordan J Dedrick - - 2010
Subarachnoid hemorrhage from the rupture of a saccular aneurysm is a devastating neurological disease that has a high morbidity and mortality not only from the initial hemorrhage, but also from the delayed complications, such as cerebral vasospasm. Cerebral vasospasm can lead to delayed ischemic injury 1 to 2 weeks after ...
Pradilla Gustavo - - 2010
Morbidity and mortality of patients with aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (aSAH) is significantly related to the development of chronic cerebral vasospasm. Despite extensive clinical and experimental research, the pathophysiology of the events that result in delayed arterial spasm is not fully understood. A review of the published literature on cerebral vasospasm ...
Zacharia Brad E - - 2010
Aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (aSAH) is a form of hemorrhagic stroke that affects up to 30,000 individuals per year in the United States. The incidence of aSAH has been shown to be associated with numerous nonmodifiable (age, gender, ethnicity, family history, aneurysm location, size) and modifiable (hypertension, body mass index, tobacco ...
Zhang Zhi-Wen - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: After subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH), platelet-derived growth factor-BB (PDGF-BB) is secreted in and around the cerebral arteries. To clarify the role of PDGF-BB in the development of vasospasm after SAH, we determined whether PDGF-BB alone can cause long-lasting vasoconstriction of a severity similar to that of vasospasm. In addition, the ...
Valle Edison P - - 2010
The cases of 2 children with true aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhages (SAHs) and initial false-negative angiograms are reported. In both cases, the initial angiogram was of adequate technical quality and included the projections on which aneurysms were later documented. There was no significant vasospasm at the time of initial angiography; therefore, ...
Yu Y Y - - 2010
The effect of 2,2'-dipyridyl (DP) on cerebral vasospasm was investigated in a double-injection rabbit model of subarachnoid haemorrhage (SAH). Thirty-six animals were divided between four groups: control (sham-operated), SAH (model alone), SAH + DP (the SAH model in which DP dissolved in dimethyl sulphoxide [DMSO] was injected once daily for ...
Chen Jian-Hua - - 2010
Traumatic basal subarachnoid hemorrhage (TBSAH) is infrequent but of forensic neuropathological importance because of its high mortality and complex causal mechanisms. The source of the hemorrhage is most frequently identified in the vertebro-basilar arteries but often cannot be identified in these arteries. We present a case of TBSAH possibly originating ...
Cuvinciuc V - - 2010
Our aim was to review the etiologic background of isolated acute nontraumatic cSAH. While SAH located in the basal cisterns originates from a ruptured aneurysm in approximately 85% of cases, a broad spectrum of vascular and even nonvascular pathologies can cause acute nontraumatic SAH along the convexity. Arteriovenous malformations or ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >