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Watanabe Kazushi - - 2013
Abstract Objective: To determine there are different in those production levels of oxygen free radical between mothers and neonates by the mode of delivery, we measured oxygen free radical concentrations in maternal vein and umbilical artery. Methods: Forty-four women with singleton term pregnancies were prospectively recruited and classified into two ...
Drury Paul P - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: Deep hypothermic circulatory arrest may be associated with increased neural injury. We investigated whether short periods of deep hypothermic circulatory arrest are associated with altered neurophysiologic recovery or greater risk of injury. METHODS: Eighteen term infants with transposition of the great arteries undergoing the arterial switch operation were enrolled. ...
Hodis Simona - - 2013
We present a computational fluid dynamics (CFD) analysis of the hemodynamic environment of an anterior communicating artery that spontaneously ruptured immediately following three-dimensional rotational angiography. Subsequent digital subtraction angiography allowed for the localization of the point of rupture within the aneurysm dome. CFD analysis demonstrated a concentrated jet that impinged ...
Nagatani Kimihiro - - 2013
True posterior communicating artery (PCoA) aneurysm is an aneurysm that originates from the PCoA, and large or giant true PCoA aneurysms are rare. We report a case of a large true PCoA aneurysm successfully clipped after anterior clinoidectomy and discuss the diagnostic pitfalls associated with this rare clinical entity.
Jo Jun Yeon - - 2013
Inhalation of toxic gases can lead to pneumonitis. It has been known that methane gas intoxication causes loss of consciousness or asphyxia. There is, however, a paucity of information about acute pulmonary toxicity from methane gas inhalation. A 21-year-old man was presented with respiratory distress after an accidental exposure to ...
Akhtar Mustansar J - - 2013
Direct communication between the right pulmonary artery and the left atrium is an extremely rare congenital pathologic entity characterized by right to left shunt and a rare cause of cyanosis in newborn. The value of echocardiography is emphasized in making the diagnosis as well as never before reported successful treatment ...
Pritz Michael B - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: Perforator and secondary branch origin in relation to the neck of cerebral, saccular bifurcation aneurysms were analyzed. These two features were considered important for treatment. METHODS: From a series of microsurgically clipped saccular cerebral aneurysms, 142 bifurcation aneurysms had detailed imaging studies and operative records that could be analyzed. ...
Yamagami Takuji - - 2013
We report a pregnant woman with symptomatic deep venous thrombosis of the lower extremity distributing in the left iliac, femoral, popliteal and calf veins. Systemic anticoagulation therapy failed; however, treatment was successful through a combination of various endovascular procedures, including catheter-directed thrombolysis. During the therapies, an optional inferior vena cava ...
Cwikiel Wojciech - - 2013
A 67-year-old woman resented with an acute type A aortic dissection, which was treated surgically with aortic valve replacement as a composite graft with reimplantation of the coronary arteries. At the end of surgery, a left-ventricular venting catheter was placed through the apex and closed with a buffered suture. Consecutive ...
Hodis Simona - - 2013
We present a computational fluid dynamics (CFD) analysis of the hemodynamic environment of an anterior communicating artery that spontaneously ruptured immediately following three-dimensional rotational angiography. Subsequent digital subtraction angiography allowed for the localization of the point of rupture within the aneurysm dome. CFD analysis demonstrated a concentrated jet that impinged ...
Ali Hani Mohamed Mahieldin - - 2013
Small fistulae between coronary arteries and the pulmonary artery are common, but abnormal vascular communications between the coronary arteries and other cardiac structures are rare. They were first described by Krause in 1865. We report two cases of fistulous connexions between the circumflex coronary artery and the coronary sinus.
Maga P - - 2013
The aim of the current study was to analyse the extra- and intracerebral course of the recurrent artery of Heubner (RAH) to provide detailed information for neurosurgeons operating in this area. The material for this study was obtained from cadavers (ages 31-75 years) during routine autopsies. A total of 70 ...
Etame Arnold B - - 2013
Acute expansion of an intracranial aneurysm is an extremely rare event. In this report, we describe the unusual radiographic documentation of acute expansion of a posterior communicating artery (PCOM) aneurysm from 4 to 8 mm, resulting in complete oculomotor nerve palsy. A 40-year-old man was admitted to our institution with ...
Lin Ning - - 2013
In contrast to size, the association of morphological characteristics of intracranial aneurysms with rupture has not been established in a systematic manner. We present an analysis of the morphological variables that are associated with rupture in anterior communicating artery aneurysms to determine site-specific risk variables. One hundred and twenty-four anterior ...
Gürer Bora B Department of Neurological Surgery, School of Medicine and Public Health, University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin 53792, - - 2013
True hemodynamic assessment of the posterior communicating artery (PComA) by preoperative angiography in terms of its perforators and configuration (adult vs. fetal vs. transitional) can be challenging in the surgical treatment of aneurysms involving the PComA, posterior cerebral artery, and basilar artery. Indocyanine green videoangiography (ICG-VA) is a widely accepted ...
Eryilmaz Ufuk U Department of Cardiology, Adnan Menderes University, Aydin, - - 2013
We report a case of fistulous communication with two saccular aneurysms (9 mm and 7 mm) between the sinoatrial branch of the circumflex artery and the bronchial arteries.
Spampinato Ricardo A RA Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Heart Center, University of Leipzig, Leipzig, Germany. - - 2013
Pseudoaneurysm of the mitral-aortic intervalvular body is a rare condition, which has been reported as a result of endocarditis, chest trauma or cardiac surgery. We describe here the first case after minimally invasive mitral valve repair. Such a complication may be overlooked in the early postoperative echocardiographic study and may ...
Oh Jun-Hyok - - 2012
Coronary cameral fistula (CCF) is a rare anomaly, where a communication exists between an epicardial coronary artery and a cardiac chamber. Assessing the hemodynamic significance of the fistula is crucial to make a decision concerning the management process. We present two cases of CCF, draining into the left ventricle, in ...
Leng Xin Yi - - 2012
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Large artery intracranial occlusive disease (LAICOD) is a predominant cause of ischemic stroke in China. Carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT) and presence of carotid plaque are also related to subsequent ischemic stroke. However, the correlation between these and LAICOD is less clear. METHODS: This was a community-based cross-sectional ...
Lee Young-ju - - 2012
A 67-year-old woman presented with memory impairment and behavioral changes. Brain MRI indicated hepatic encephalopathy. Abdominal CT scans revealed an intrahepatic portosystemic venous shunt that consisted of two shunt tracts to the aneurysmal sac that communicated directly with the right hepatic vein. The large tract was successfully occluded by embolization ...
Gupta Monika - - 2012
Coeliac trunk (CT) is a ventral branch of abdominal aorta (AA) supplying the foregut through its three main branches, left gastric (LGA), common hepatic (CHA) and splenic artery (Standring et al., 2009). Branching pattern of CT may vary from above mentioned classical three to four, five or six. Additional branches ...
Andziak P - - 2012
Seroepidemiological studies have given rise to the hypothesis that microorganisms like Chlamydia pneumoniae (CP), Helicobacter pylori (HP), cytomegalovirus (CMV), HCV types 1 and 2, and bacteria involved in dental or other unspecified infection sites may initiate or maintain the atherosclerotic process in lower limb arteries. However, not much attention has ...
Kong Joon Hyuk - - 2012
Pulmonary arteriovenous malformation (PAVM) is a rare anomalous direct communication between the pulmonary artery and vein with a considerable risk of serious complications such as cerebral thromboembolism or abscess and pulmonary hemorrhage. Although the past, surgical resection such as lobectomy was mostly used to treat PAVM, the recent development of ...
Rubin Jonathan J Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA. - - 2012
Hyperglycemia has been associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Although numerous studies have demonstrated that hyperglycemia is associated with the atherosis component of atherosclerosis, limited studies have addressed the independent role of hyperglycemia in the pathophysiology of sclerotic vascular disease. We hypothesized that hyperglycemia, as assessed ...
Choi Chan Young - - 2012
The anterior choroidal artery has several kinds of variations. Among them, the transposition of anterior choroidal artery and posterior communicating artery origins has been extremely rare. We report a case with cerebral aneurysm arising from posterior communicating artery which origin was distal to the anterior choroidal artery and review the ...
Leon Maria-Magdalena - - 2012
Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) represents the formation of a blood clot in one of the deep veins of our body, predominantly occurring in the legs. According to international guidelines, the goal of the treatment in deep vein thrombosis is to prevent the progression and the recurrences of thrombotic process. The ...
Antognini Joseph F - - 2012
BACKGROUND:: The brain is assumed to be the site of anesthetic action, but anesthetics have effects elsewhere, such as the spinal cord. A preferentially anesthetized goat brain model was used to determine the importance of anesthetic action in the brain. METHODS:: Six goats were anesthetized with isoflurane; after tracheal intubation ...
Kamat A S - - 2012
An 18-year-old man inhaled a substance containing synthetic cannabinoids and 1hour later developed a severe global headache. Imaging revealed a perimesencephalic subarachnoid haemorrhage. An angiogram suggested that a small superior cerebellar artery aneurysm was the culprit. This report discusses the, as yet undefined, relationship between "herbal highs" and intracranial haemorrhage.
Yoshida Masahiro - - 2012
A 48-year-old woman experienced sudden onset of severe headache. Computed tomography showed subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) and intracerebral hematoma in the right frontal lobe. Digital subtraction angiography revealed three aneurysms in the anterior communicating artery (AcomA), the right posterior communicating artery (PcomA), and the right middle cerebral artery. The AcomA aneurysm ...
Taslakian Bedros - - 2012
Pancreatitis is a known cause of pseudoaneurysms of the peripancreatic arteries, which can rarely rupture into various adjacent structures and become a source of life-threatening bleeding. The management is challenging and requires an individualised approach and multidisciplinary care. Herein, we present the case of a 24-year-old man in whom a ...
Emmel Mathias - - 2011
A vein of Galen malformation - a rare cause of cardiac insufficiency in neonates - is sometimes associated with coarctation of the aorta, two diseases requiring urgent therapy in the neonatal period. We report on a term neonate in whom we first palliated the coarctation by stent implantation, providing time ...
Lorts Angela - - 2011
Because a minority of patients with D-transposition of the great arteries are diagnosed in utero by ultrasound, most present after delivery with cyanosis. In the absence of apparent lung disease, cyanotic neonates suspected of having a cardiac lesion should be immediately transferred to an intensive care unit at a pediatric ...
Sabri Saher S - - 2011
The gastric varices communicate with gastrorenal and gastrocaval shunts and are classified according to the pattern of venous inflow into three types, which differ in the number and location of the inflow veins. The gastric varices are also classified according to their venous drainage into four different types, reflecting the ...
Corliss Robert F - - 2011
A 3 ½-year-old previously healthy female experienced an episode of sudden unresponsiveness witnessed by her mother. Upon arrival to the local hospital, imaging studies of the still unresponsive child revealed severe bilateral "flash" pulmonary edema and diffuse anoxic brain injury. Aggressive resuscitative efforts were unsuccessful, and she was pronounced dead. ...
Weidenbach Michael - - 2011
A hemodynamically stable neonate with transposition of the great arteries suddenly went into cardiac arrest during preparation for transport to the operating room. Emergency echocardiography during cardiac massage detected coronary air embolism as the presumed cause of arrest. After about 15 minutes of resuscitation, it was possible to establish return of ...
Singh Jasmeet - - 2011
Ductus arteriosus aneurysm (DAA) can be associated with neonatal thromboembolism. We report a neonate with systemic thromboembolism causing acute cerebral infarction with DAA, arterial, and venous thrombosis, discovered on CT angiography. The role of DAA was suspected as a potential etiology of systemic thromboembolism in this case. CT angiography with ...
Takeuchi Koh - - 2011
Right interrupted aortic arch and descending aorta is exceedingly rare and most likely cause respiratory presentation, since patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) courses over the right mainstem bronchus. We report a case of successful neonatal biventricular repair of a right interrupted aortic arch (type B), with an aberrant right subclavian artery ...
Koneti Nageswara R - - 2011
Four neonates presented within 24 hours of birth with stridor, respiratory distress and a weak cry. Clinical examination of the cardiovascular system revealed no abnormality. The transthoracic echocardiogram showed large aneurysm of ductus arteriosus at the aortic isthmus, tapering to a small tortuous channel at the site of pulmonary artery ...
Pappy Reji - - 2011
Subintimal recanalization is beneficial in selected patients with peripheral chronic total occlusions (CTO). However, in complex cases, re-entry into the true arterial lumen may prove to be unsuccessful with a conventional guidewire or a re-entry catheter when using standard femoral artery access. Our case series describes these technical dilemmas along ...
Wang Han-Wei - - 2011
We demonstrate for the first time the applicability of multimodal nonlinear optical (NLO) microscopy to the interrogation of stented coronary arteries under different diet and stent deployment conditions. Bare metal stents and Taxus drug-eluting stents (DES) were placed in coronary arteries of Ossabaw pigs of control and atherogenic diet groups. ...
Mylankal Kurian J - - 2011
An 80-year-old man presented with painful leg ulceration due to steal phenomenon from a groin arteriovenous fistula (AVF) 10 years following a coronary angiogram. The diagnosis of the AVF was confirmed by duplex examination of the groin vessels which demonstrated characteristic flow pattern in the femoral arterial and venous system. ...
Shi Zhong-Song - - 2010
Subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) is a potential hemorrhagic complication after endovascular intracranial recanalization. The purpose of this study was to describe the frequency and predictors of SAH in acute ischemic stroke patients treated endovascularly and its impact on clinical outcome. Acute ischemic stroke patients treated with primary mechanical thrombectomy, intra-arterial thrombolysis, ...
Manners James - - 2010
A 70-year-old man with a history of hypertension presented with severe epigastric discomfort that radiated to his back. CT revealed cystic kidney disease and a large retroperitoneal hemorrhage, and CT angiography identified an active bleeding point in the region of the left adrenal gland. Selective left renal angiography identified a ...
Fischbein Nancy J - - 2010
Nontraumatic (or spontaneous) intracranial hemorrhage most commonly involves the brain parenchyma and subarachnoid space. This entity accounts for at least 10% of strokes and is a leading cause of death and disability in adults. Important causes of spontaneous intracranial hemorrhage include hypertension, cerebral amyloid angiopathy, aneurysms, vascular malformations, and hemorrhagic ...
Karaiskos Theodoros - - 2010
Acute hemorrhage during mediastinoscopy is a life-threatening complication. Although rare, iatrogenic damage of the thoracic great vessels is probable during mediastinoscopic biopsy. We report two cases of iatrogenic massive mediastinoscopic bleeding from the aortic arch and innominate artery managed initially by simple packing and controlled finally by cardiopulmonary bypass and ...
Hsu Wesley - - 2010
Pretruncal nonaneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (PNSAH), more commonly known as perimesencephalic nonaneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage, is characterized by the presence of subarachnoid hemorrhage anterior to the midbrain with no evidence of an intracranial aneurysm on four vessel craniocervical angiogram. Although vasospasm is a common occurrence after aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage and can lead ...
Tsutsumi Satoshi - - 2010
A 71-year-old female, without medical or family history for cerebrovascular disease, presented with basilar and bilateral carotid dolichoectasia manifesting as dysarthria and hemisensory disturbance, which resolved spontaneously within a day. She suffered brainstem infarction 28 months later, manifesting as drowsiness, dysarthria, and right hemiparesis. Her consciousness level progressively deteriorated to ...
Wong George K C - - 2010
OBJECT: Disturbance of cerebral phosphorus-containing metabolites occurs in many disease entities and has not been widely studied in patients with subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). Pilot studies have indicated that hypermagnesemic treatment may improve outcome in patients with aneurysmal SAH, but the precise mechanism is not known. The authors hypothesized that, by ...
Dupont Stefan A - - 2010
OBJECT: In this study, the authors' goal was to minimize false-negative results in the detection of ruptured cerebral aneurysms. METHODS: The authors retrospectively reviewed the clinical and radiological information in consecutive adult patients admitted with acute subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) to their hospital between January 1, 2002, and January 1, 2008. ...
Talwar Sachin - - 2010
We report a 3-year-old patient with a rare combination of a sinus venosus interatrial communication, anomalous drainage of the right superior pulmonary vein to the right atrium, persistent left superior caval vein, and interruption of the inferior caval vein. We discuss features of anatomical and technical interest.
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