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Results 701 - 750 of 1247
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McLaughlin M R - - 1997
OBJECTIVE AND IMPORTANCE: This case illustrates that although endoscopic third ventriculostomy for patients with aqueductal stenosis is successful and minimally invasive, it can have severe, life-threatening complications. CLINICAL PRESENTATION: A 3-year-old girl presented with hydrocephalus and aqueductal stenosis. She underwent endoscopic third ventriculostomy with laser fenestration of the third ventricular ...
King J T JT - - 1997
An estimated 1% to 5% of adults have a cerebral aneurysm. Each year, approximately 1 in 10,000 North Americans suffer an aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage, with greater than 50% combined morbidity and mortality. Cerebral aneurysm formation and rupture is associated with a variety of factors, including increasing age, female gender, hypertension, ...
Uziel Y - - 1997
Pulmonary hemorrhage (PH) is a rare but potentially life-threatening manifestation of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). In this report we describe a 13 year old girl with PH as the sole presenting clinical manifestation of her SLE. Her serology was diagnostic of SLE and one year after presentation she developed arthritis. ...
Bagley L J - - 1997
This article discusses the indications for, techniques of, and risks associated with cerebral angiography. Various types of aneurysms are described, and there is a discussion of the angiographic features of aneurysms in specific locations. Subarachnoid hemorrhage, post-subarachnoid hemorrhage vasospasm, and the role of post-operative angiography are also covered.
Tamargo R J - - 1997
The prognostic features and outcomes associated with aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) are reviewed. In the first section, the epidemiology of SAH is discussed with emphasis on prevalence, incidence, risk factors, heredity, activity, and seasonal variability. In the second section, the presentation, diagnosis, and treatment of patients with aneurysmal SAH is ...
Naff N J - - 1997
Intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH) frequently occurs in the setting of intracerebral and subarachnoid hemorrhage, and is an independent and significant contributor to morbidity and mortality in both conditions. Present therapy of IVH is directed at treating the associated complications of obstructive and communicating hydrocephalus. These therapies are often inadequate to treat ...
Kluger Y - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: To describe a technique for arresting traumatic bleeding uncontrollable by conventional means. METHODS AND RESULTS: Major intrathoracic bleeding was stopped in a 17-year-old boy who had been stabbed in his right chest by using a Hemorrhage Occluder Pin (Surgical Instruments Inc., Placetia, Calif). CONCLUSIONS: The use of occluder pins ...
Orita T - - 1997
OBJECTIVE AND IMPORTANCE: We report the use of a transcortical transventricular approach to a P2 aneurysm, which was located near the choroidal fissure, protruded into the temporal horn, and was considered to be too difficult to approach by the conventional subtemporal route. CLINICAL PRESENTATION: An 81-year-old woman suddenly developed severe ...
Nussbaum E S - - 1997
BACKGROUND: Days after aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH), cerebral vasospasm can result in the delayed appearance of ischemic neurological deficit identical to that produced by other causes of stroke. Despite the well-described, "classic" presentation of SAH, up to 25% of patients are initially misdiagnosed, and the initial hemorrhage from a ruptured ...
Maeda K - - 1997
The authors present two rare cases of severe cerebral vasospasm following the rupture of arteriovenous malformations (AVMs). Computerized tomography revealed intracerebral hemorrhage in the thalamus in one case and in the putamen in the other, both accompanied by cast formation of intraventricular clots without radiological evidence of subarachnoid hemorrhage. Initial ...
Schmutz F - - 1997
PURPOSE: To evaluate the safety of silk as an embolic agent for preoperative embolization of cerebral arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) by assessing the histopathologic changes and hemorrhagic complications associated with its use. METHODS: Histopathologic specimens, medical records, and radiologic records of 73 patients with AVMs embolized with silk (alone or in ...
Ono S - - 1997
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Although mice, rats, and other small animals are commonly used for molecular biology research, their use in the evaluation of cerebral vasospasm after subarachnoid hemorrhage is somewhat problematic because of the correspondingly small size of their cerebral vessels. We have already reported that the corrosion cast technique ...
Ogiichi T - - 1997
A 60-year-old male presented with subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) of unknown origin and died of peritonitis 2 months after the ictus. Computed tomography on admission revealed localized hemorrhage at the interpedunclar cistern and sedimentation in both posterior horns. Repeat angiography could not detect any aneurysm. Postmortem histological examination revealed disruption of ...
Droste D W - - 1997
Besides the degree of carotid artery stenosis, the composition of the plaque may help to predict the thromboembolic risk. Low echogenicity on ultrasound and hemorrhage into the atheroma demonstrated histopathologically have been shown to be associated with a higher risk of embolism. Twenty-nine consecutive patients with carotid artery stenosis and ...
Ishibashi A - - 1997
A 54-year-old female presented with acute subdural hematoma secondary to rupture of an intracranial aneurysm. She was admitted with acute onset of severe headache, nausea, and vomiting. There was no past history of head trauma. Computed tomography demonstrated a left subdural hematoma with extension along the tentorium in the absence ...
Macdonald R L - - 1997
A patient who had transcranial removal of a craniopharyngioma developed a large, postoperative subarachnoid hematoma in the basal cisterns. The patient developed cerebral vasospasm with infarction. A review of the literature found 20 cases of vasospasm associated with surgical removal of intracranial tumors. These cases were reviewed to determine the ...
Nakatomi H - - 1997
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The clinical features of "aneurysmal" subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) of angiographically unverified etiology were reviewed to clarify the incidence and natural history of dissecting aneurysms as the hemorrhagic source of SAH. METHODS: We reviewed 30 patients with SAH of unverified etiology in whom initial CT scan showed a ...
Nakamura K - - 1997
A fifty-five-year-old woman with a history of migraine suddenly developed an occipital headache and visual disturbance after a typical migrainous attack. On admission, she had a left homonymous hemianopsia, and computed tomography of the brain demonstrated intracranial hematomas in the occipital subcortices bilaterally. Cerebral arteriography revealed diffuse vasospasm of the ...
Yamakawa H - - 1997
The clinical features of recurrent subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) after neck clipping surgery were investigated in a series of 1,436 consecutive patients treated between 1980 and 1994, and seven patients treated prior to 1980. Recurrent SAH occurred within 1 month in seven patients and between 1.5 and 20 years in 20 ...
Hagen T - - 1997
We report the finding of multiple cerebral aneurysms in a pair of identical twins. One twin had subarachnoid hemorrhage and intracerebral hematoma; her sister had subarachnoid hemorrhage and intraventricular bleeding. Angiography in both cases showed multiple cerebral aneurysms. It is appropriate to recommend a cerebral angiographic examination of an asymptomatic ...
Pope M - - 1997
Aortic transgraft hemorrhage is an unusual complication following thrombolytic therapy that can occur months to years after aortic surgery. It is critical to differentiate this from other potential causes of hemorrhage, such as an acute bleed from an anastomotic false aneurysm which is a surgical emergency. One such case that ...
Lin C L - - 1997
We reviewed our experience with 91 patients aged 15 to 40 years with nontraumatic intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) from January 1991 through December 1994 and found more than ten presumed causes for the nontraumatic ICH in 68 patients (74.7%). The leading two causes were arterial hypertension and ruptured arteriovenous malformations. Most ...
Clinchot D M - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: To classify deficits after aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) and correlate rehabilitation outcomes with these findings. DESIGN: A retrospective review of medical records. SETTING: Institution-based rehabilitation hospital. PARTICIPANTS: Eighty patients admitted to a rehabilitation facility after aneurysmal SAH. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: For each subject, data were collected for time between ...
Soman P - - 1997
A 39-year-old man was brought to the emergency department in a coma. The electrocardiogram showed partial left bundle-branch block and ST elevation in precordial leads, and serum creatinine kinase activity was elevated. Two-dimensional echocardiography revealed severe biventricular dysfunction. Autopsy demonstrated the presence of subarachnoid hemorrhage. Coronary arteries and the myocardium ...
Khurana V G - - 1997
Subarachnoid haemorrhage (SAH) following rupture of an intracranial aneurysm is associated with a greater than 35% mortality within the first 3 months. Delayed ischaemia due to cerebral vasospasm (CVSP) occurs in approximately one-third of all patients with this disease and accounts for over 20% of its overall morbidity and mortality. ...
Vermeer S E - - 1997
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Several studies have found a morning peak in onset of stroke. A similar peak has been suggested for subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH), which seems in contradiction with the physical activities associated with aneurysmal rupture. Most studies included only a few patients with SAH. We analyzed time of onset ...
Kurokawa Y - - 1997
A 57-year-old male presented with subarachnoid hemorrhage caused by vertebral artery dissection. The first cerebral angiogram on the day of ictus found minimal caliber change with lower contrast density at the V4 segment, but repeat angiography showed typical segmental narrowing of the artery on the 14th day. Repeat angiography with ...
Kawai K - - 1997
A 19-year-old male presented with intraventricular hemorrhage manifesting as sudden onset of headache. Angiography showed mild stenotic changes in the distal internal carotid artery and proximal anterior cerebral artery only on the right. The anterior choroidal artery and lenticulostriate arteries appeared dilated, and an aneurysm-like shadow was seen in the ...
Sawin P D - - 1997
Spontaneous subarachnoid hemorrhage is usually the result of rupture of an intracranial saccular aneurysm or arteriovenous malformation. The hemorrhage is typically a cataclysmic event, heralded by severe headache, meningeal signs and neurologic dysfunction. About one-half of patients with aneurysmal rupture experience "sentinel headaches" days to weeks before a major hemorrhage. ...
Gosselin M V - - 1997
Two cases of active hemorrhage from an intracranial aneurysm demonstrated by CT angiography are presented. In each case, extraluminal opacified blood was seen entering a recent hemorrhage surrounding the aneurysm, simulating a vascular structure. This is a potential pitfall in the interpretation of CT angiograms in patients with recent subarachnoid ...
Terada T - - 1997
PURPOSE: The effect of endovascular treatment for vasospasm was investigated by analysing the results of patients treated in Wakayama City in 1994. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ninety nine patients with ruptured cerebral aneurysms, who survived more than one week and were treated in Wakayama City in 1994, were studied. Twenty five ...
Pokorski R J - - 1997
Subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) is bleeding into the subarachnoid space. It may result from a rupture of an intracranial aneurysm, bleeding from an arteriovenous malformation, hypertensive intracerebral hemorrhage with extension into the subarachnoid space, hemorrhage from an intracranial tumor, trauma, and hematologic disorders. If trauma is eliminated as a cause of ...
Mizuno K - - 1996
Intrahepatic hemorrhage is a serious and life-threatening complication in liver disease. We describe a patient who had two episodes of intrahepatic hemorrhage after having malignant rheumatoid arthritis for 8 yr. Abdominal CT scans revealed a large intrahepatic, subcapsular hematoma. Arteriography demonstrated irregularity, caliber change, and pseudoaneurysms of the right hepatic ...
Kallmes D F - - 1996
PURPOSE: To determine the frequency of the computed tomographic (CT) pattern of nonaneurysmal perimesencephalic subarachnoid hemorrhage in the setting of ruptured posterior fossa aneurysms. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Four neuroradiologists independently and retrospectively reviewed cranial CT scans of 169 patients with ruptured vertebrobasilar aneurysms (44 cases of posteroinferior cerebellar artery aneurysm, ...
Inoue T - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: The goal of this work was to investigate the efficacy of a calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) slow-release tablet (CGRP tablet) for the prevention of cerebral vasospasm after subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). METHODS: Experimental SAH was produced in 10 cynomolgus monkeys by placing a clot around the internal carotid artery bifurcation ...
Wright C D - - 1996
TIF is a rare and often fatal complication of tracheostomy. Bleeding from the trachea after tracheostomy demands urgent investigation. Bronchoscopy is the diagnostic procedure of choice. Bedside control of hemorrhage by cuff overinflation or digital arterial compression can be lifesaving. Prompt operation with division of the innominate artery and separation ...
Opeskin K - - 1996
Cerebral amyloid angiopathy (CAA) is a condition characterized by amyloid deposition in cerebral blood vessels. It occurs most frequently in association with clinical Alzheimer's disease but also occurs in some nondemented elderly people. CAA is a cause of spontaneous cerebral hemorrhage and may therefore present as a sudden unexpected death ...
Fujimura M - - 1996
The incidence of chronic hydrocephalus was studied in 39 patients with subarachnoid hemorrhage, who underwent perivascular coating with fibrin glue of cerebral arteries after clipping of aneurysm. A use was made of this procedure in order to prevent vasospasm by keeping the main cerebral arteries away from direct contact with ...
German J W - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: Cerebral vasospasm is the leading cause of morbidity and mortality in patients who are hospitalized because of aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). Recent work has suggested that activation of the complement cascade contributes to the development of cerebral vasospasm. To further examine this hypothesis, a rabbit model of SAH was ...
Perona F - - 1996
The case of a 78-year-old man with retroperitoneal hemorrhage due to a ruptured right inferior suprarenal artery aneurysm is presented. The diagnosis was made by angiography which allowed immediate embolization of the neck of the aneurysm, controlling hemorrhage and obviating the need for surgery. The patient made a full recovery ...
Vermeulen M - - 1996
In this review the diagnosis and management of the acute phase of subarachnoid haemorrhage (SAH) are discussed. CT is a sensitive method of predicting a ruptured aneurysm in patients with SAH. If angiography does not reveal an aneurysm, the bleeding pattern on CT may predict if a patient is still ...
Utkan T - - 1996
We examined the effects of subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) and treatment with deferoxamine (DFO) or sympathectomy on vascular smooth muscle function, as well as the underlying mechanisms involved, by recording the responses to nor-adrenaline and serotonin in isolated carotid arteries in vitro. All studies were performed before and 7 days after ...
Nolte K B - - 1996
OBJECTIVES: To determine the incidence of cocaine abuse in cases of fatal intracranial hemorrhage and to examine potential pathophysiologic mechanisms. DESIGN: Prospective clinical, autopsy, and toxicologic evaluation of all cases of fatal non-traumatic intracranial hemorrhage examined during 1 year (April 11, 1989 to April 10, 1990) at the Connecticut Office ...
Friedlander R M - - 1996
Fenestration of the proximal anterior cerebral artery (A1 segment) is a rare occurrence. This vascular anomaly is often associated with aneurysms and other abnormalities. The current article describes the case of a 33-year-old man who presented with a subarachnoid hemorrhage secondary to a ruptured aneurysm originating from the proximal end ...
Yamagishi S - - 1996
An eighty-four-year-old man was admitted to the hospital because of pain at rest in the lower extremities. On physical examination, trophic changes of the skin and petechiae in the limbs were observed. Computed tomographic scan of the abdomen showed focal renal infarctions and calcification of the descending aorta. Moreover, radionuclide ...
Bell T E - - 1996
Aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) affects approximately 30,000 people each year in North America. At least 30% of these patients will develop vasospasm as a result of the initial hemorrhage, and two thirds of these develop permanent disabilities or die. Blood deposited into the basal cisterns from the ruptured aneurysm can ...
Clyde B L - - 1996
Reports of intraarterial papaverine infusion as treatment for cerebral vasospasm are few and documented complications are uncommon. The authors report the case of a patient with paradoxical aggravation of cerebral arterial narrowing during selective intraarterial papaverine infusion intended to treat vasospasm following aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). A 48-year-old man presented ...
Wozniak M A - - 1996
Little information exists on the utility of transcranial Doppler sonography (TCD) in detecting anterior (ACA) and posterior cerebral artery (PCA) vasospasm following subarachnoid hemorrhage. During the period at risk for vasospasm, 53 patients with subarachnoid hemorrhage who had technically adequate TCD performed within 24 hours of cerebral angiography, allowing evaluation ...
Morgan M - - 1996
This is a prospective study reporting the impact of angiographic vasospasm on the outcome following aneurysmal subarachnoid haemorrhage utilising a common regimen that includes nimodipine and angioplasty. The first 100 patients suffering an aneurysmal subarachnoid haemorrhage treated by surgery and this angioplasty driven protocol are reviewed. Angiography was performed if ...
Butler W E - - 1996
Autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) is associated with increased prevalence of cerebral aneurysms and increased risk of subarachnoid hemorrhage. A decision analysis by Levey et al. in 1983 demonstrated that patients with ADPKD would not significantly benefit from routine arteriographic screening for cerebral aneurysms. We reexamined this conclusion in ...
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