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Gutiérrez O O Service of Interventional Radiology, Heart and Radiology Institute; University of São Paulo, Brazil - - - 2001
Arterial cerebral vasospasm in different pathological conditions other than subarachnoid haemorrhage (SAH) caused by ruptured aneurysm is uncommon. The haemodynamicsclinical consequences of such conditions makes a quick diagnosis, vital to choose the best therapeutic strategy. A 55-year-old woman presented chronic headache. Computed tomography scan revealed an image suggesting carotid aneurysm ...
Cross D T DT - - 2001
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Fibrinolysis with local intraarterial urokinase infusion for basilar artery thrombosis has been associated with a low rate of spontaneous symptomatic cerebral hemorrhage, even when patients have been treated late in the course of symptoms. Because urokinase is presently unavailable in the United States, this study was undertaken ...
Patel M C - - 2001
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Brain arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) occur in approximately 0.14% of the population. The most common presentations are hemorrhage (50%) and seizures (25%). Although they are congenital abnormalities, their angioarchitecture may vary over time. A rare but well-recognized phenomenon of AVMs is that of spontaneous obliteration. It is not ...
Treggiari-Venzi M M - - 2001
Cerebral vasospasm remains a devastating medical complication of aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). It is associated with high morbidity and mortality rates, even after the aneurysm has been secured surgically or radiologically. A great deal of experimental and clinical research has been conducted in an effort to find ways to prevent ...
Aichholzer M - - 2001
The authors present an unusual complication of a recurrent chiasmal/hypothalamic pilocytic astrocytoma. From his second year of life onwards, the patient was repeatedly operated on and also underwent external radiation therapy (54 Gy total dose) 1 month after the first subtotal tumor resection. Nine years after irradiation, the patient was ...
Asherson R A - - 2001
Pulmonary involvement in the primary antiphospholipid syndrome (PAPS) has generally been on the basis of thromboembolism. We describe a patient with hemorrhagic alveolitis, a life-threatening complication that must also be considered. The patient was a 63-year-old Caucasian man who had a past history of recurrent deep vein thromboses as well ...
Clark J F - - 2001
BACKGROUND: The cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) from subarachnoid haemorrhage (SAH) patients with cerebral vasospasm stimulates vasoconstriction and oxygen consumption in the porcine carotid artery in vitro. Stimulation of oxygen consumption has been used as an in vitro model of vasospasm to assess the relative benefits of nimodipine, isoprenaline, dobutamine, and sodium ...
Kuwahara S - - 2001
A 67-year-old female with a history of hypertension and cerebral infarction presented with subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) (Hunt and Kosnik grade 4). Brain computed tomography (CT) revealed a clot dominantly on the right (Fisher's classification Group 4). Cerebral angiography showed funnel-shaped widenings at the origins of the bilateral posterior communicating arteries. ...
Aihara Y - - 2001
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The possible role of inflammatory reaction of the cerebral artery in the pathogenesis of cerebral vasospasm has been noted in recent studies. We quantitatively measured the levels of expression of genes related to inflammation in the spastic artery in a canine double-hemorrhage model. METHODS: Twenty dogs were ...
Jarus-Dziedzic K - - 2001
The relationship between changes of blood flow velocities in cerebral arteries measured by transcranial Doppler ultrasonography and aneurysm localization was investigated in a group of 165 patients after aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). Mean blood flow velocities (MFV) in the middle cerebral artery (MCA) and anterior cerebral artery (ACA) were registered. ...
Iglesias S - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To describe a new familial association of late-onset dementia, patchy leukoencephalopathy, intracerebral hemorrhages, bilateral occipital calcifications (BOC), and external carotid artery dysplasia (ECAD). METHODS: At age 62, the proband, who was of Spanish descent, had left temporal hemorrhage in a background of progressive mental deterioration. Neuroimaging revealed fine tram-line ...
Monzani V - - 2000
Acute global amnesia may be due to several causes, such as transient global amnesia (TGA), acute drug-related confusional state, toxic substances, metabolic abnormalities, infective diseases, cerebral tumours, cerebrovascular accidents, subarachnoid haemorrhage and epilepsy. In particular both TGA and subarachnoid haemorrhage may be precipitated by sexual activity; by contrast the two ...
Wanke I - - 2000
We describe two patients with subarachnoid haemorrhage due to a ruptured intracranial aneurysm and severe symptomatic vasospasm. The aneurysm was occluded with detachable coils followed by intra-arterial infusion of papaverine to treat vasospasm as an one-stage procedure. There was significant resolution of the vasospasm. The long-term clinical outcome in one ...
Tsutsumi M - - 2000
A 45-year-old male presented with lateral medullary infarction. Cerebral angiography showed dissecting aneurysm as pearl and string sign in the right vertebral artery (VA). Conservative treatment was administered with antiplatelet agent. However, subarachnoid hemorrhage occurred 2 days after admission, inducing coma. Intraaneurysmal embolization and proximal occlusion of the right VA ...
Bunai Y - - 2000
Two cases of traumatic rupture of the basilar artery are reported. In the first case, severe basal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) due to a complete transverse tear of the basilar artery was observed in a 53-year-old restrained male driver who was involved in a head-on collision while intoxicated and drowsy. He ...
Morrish W - - 2000
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The transluminal angioplasty and stenting procedure has been recently advocated as a potential alternative to surgical endarterectomy for the treatment of severe extracranial carotid stenosis. This study assesses the incidence and significance of intracranial hemorrhage occurring after this procedure. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 104 carotid arteries (96 ...
Mizutani T - - 2000
OBJECT: For the past 130 years, it has been believed that hypertension-induced cerebral hemorrhages are the result of ruptures of microaneurysms or ruptures of arteries that have degenerative changes. The majority of previous investigations have focused on autopsied brain. In this study, the authors attempted to verify the cause of ...
Kajitani M - - 2000
Hemorrhagic complications have been reported after repeated exposures to bovine thrombin products due to development of factor V inhibitors. Our patient underwent emergency repair of acute aortic dissection and coronary artery bypass grafting. The patient developed leg wound infection at the saphenous vein harvest site, which was debrided and left ...
Crum B A - - 2000
BACKGROUND: The location of parenchymal hemorrhage often indicates the site of the aneurysm in subarachnoid hemorrhage. CASE REPORT: We present the first case of a thalamus hematoma associated with a small ruptured (P1) posterior cerebral artery aneurysm with rapid washout of subarachnoid blood mimicking a ganglionic hemorrhage. CONCLUSION: Thalamus hematoma ...
Schievink W I WI Cedars-Sinai Neurosurgical Institute, Los Angeles, Calif 90048, USA. - - 2000
Pretruncal (perimesencephalic) nonaneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) is a benign variant of SAH. Although angiography fails to show a source of the hemorrhage, mild basilar artery narrowing may be observed. The cause of pretruncal nonaneurysmal SAH has not been established. Recent imaging studies have demonstrated that the center of this type ...
Toyoda K - - 2000
We sought to determine whether adenovirus-mediated gene transfer in vivo of calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP), a potent vasodilator, ameliorates cerebral vasoconstriction after experimental subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). Arterial blood was injected into the cisterna magna of rabbits to mimic SAH 5 days after injection of AdRSVCGRP (8x10(8) pfu), AdRSVbetagal (control virus), ...
Stapf C - - 2000
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: We sought to assess the relative risk of hemorrhagic presentation of brain arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) located in the arterial borderzone territories. METHODS: The 464 consecutive, prospectively enrolled patients from the New York AVM Databank were analyzed. AVM borderzone location was coded positive when the malformation was supplied ...
Tanoi Y - - 2000
To identify arterial changes that are characteristic of Binswanger's encephalopathy (BE), we analyzed cerebral subarachnoid and medullary arteries of seven BE autopsy specimens by reconstruction of stained serial sections. We also noted the frequency of intimal fibrosis with or without atheroma of the subarachnoid arteries, and determined the medial thickness ...
Lam J M - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To assess whether the development of delayed ischemic deficits (DIDs) after aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage can be predicted using transcranial Doppler ultrasonography and the transient hyperemic response test (THRT). METHODS: An increase in the middle cerebral artery peak flow velocity (FV) of more than 9% of baseline values after 5 ...
Quan L - - 2000
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: We postulated that some abnormalities in cerebrovascular function after subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) may involve underlying alterations in K(+) channel function. Thus, using pharmacological inhibitors, we assessed the influence of SAH on function of 2 types of K(+) channel in regulation of basilar artery diameter in vivo and ...
Jansen F E - - 2000
We report an infant whose clinical condition deteriorated acutely at 1 month of age because of a subarachnoid hemorrhage with an intracerebellar hematoma. Computed tomographic angiography revealed an aneurysm of the left posterior inferior cerebellar artery. Because of the critical condition of the child and her very young age, the ...
Jośko J - - 2000
The aim of the study was to quantify cerebral vasospasm in rats after subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) by morphometric examination of basilar artery and to evaluate the influence of Phosphoramidon on basilar artery constriction. The rat cisterna magna (CM) was cannulated and after 7 days SAH was developed by administration of ...
Karibe H - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: Intraoperative mild hypothermia has been used during cerebral aneurysm surgery to reduce ischemic injury induced by temporary vessel occlusion and brain retraction. However, the clinical effects on cerebral hemodynamics are unclear. This study investigated the effects of intraoperative mild hypothermia on cerebral blood flow (CBF) after surgery to treat ...
Borsody M K - - 2000
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: We observed that the second application of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) from subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) patients onto cerebral arterial segments in vitro produces a greater contraction than does the initial application. It was hypothesized that the difference between the first and second applications of SAH CSF was due ...
Gleckman A M - - 2000
We report a case of a two-month-old boy who became unresponsive in the sole custody of his father. Resuscitation efforts on route to the hospital were able to restore the infant's heart beat. However, neurologic function never recovered. Autopsy revealed massive cerebral edema, recent subdural, and subarachnoid hemorrhages, bilateral retinal ...
Worthley L I - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To review the management and some of the recent advances in acute haemorrhagic stroke. DATA SOURCES: Articles and published reviews on acute haemorrhagic stroke. SUMMARY OF REVIEW: Hypertensive intracerebral haemorrhage or subarachnoid haemorrhage (SAH) from a ruptured intracranial saccular aneurysm are the commonest causes for an acute haemorrhagic stroke. ...
Zubkov A Y - - 2000
Vasospasm in the penetrating arteries contributes to ischemic neurological deficit. It may be as important as angiographic vasospasm because it would explain the discrepancies between angiographic vasospasm and clinical symptoms in some patients. It may also underlie the different effects of vasodilators. The present study examined this hypothesis by looking ...
O'Dwyer M E - - 2000
We report an elderly, male smoker with moderate hemophilia B who presented with hemoptysis. Chest imaging revealed a well-circumscribed, pulmonary, mass lesion. Repeated bronchoscopy failed to make a diagnosis, and the patient ultimately underwent open thoracotomy with resection of the mass. Pathologic examination revealed hemorrhagic changes in association with bullous ...
Theodosopoulos P V - - 2000
OBJECTIVE AND IMPORTANCE: Fenestrations of cerebral arteries are rare, but very important to diagnose given their high association with saccular aneurysms. We present the first reported case of a fenestration of the posteroinferior cerebellar artery (PICA). CLINICAL PRESENTATION: A 62-year-old man who presented with a subarachnoid hemorrhage underwent repeated four-vessel ...
Parney I F - - 2000
The authors present a case of heparin-induced thrombocytopenia and thrombosis (HITT) that occurred after aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH), and they review the relevant literature. An immune-mediated syndrome, HITT is characterized by moderate thrombocytopenia and paradoxical vascular thromboses. Although it has been estimated in prospective studies that HITT occurs in between ...
Rosenow J - - 2000
OBJECTIVE AND IMPORTANCE: Although each year approximately 30,000 to 50,000 cases of subarachnoid hemorrhage in the United States are caused by the rupture of intracranial saccular aneurysms, there is little information in the literature documenting the association of aneurysmal rupture with closed head injury. CLINICAL PRESENTATION: A 61-year-old woman presented ...
Meyers P M - - 2000
The authors report on a series of spontaneous intracranial hemorrhages associated with vein of Galen aneurysmal malformations (VGAMs). Thirty-four children with VGAMs have been treated at this institution since 1986. Eight children (24%) harbored the mural-type malformation, and 26 (76%) had the choroidal-type lesion. Two children (25%) with mural lesions ...
Jośko J - - 2000
Aim of the study was to quantify cerebral vasospasm in rats after subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) by morphometric examination of basilar artery and to evaluate the influence of endothelin receptor blocker BQ-123 on basilar artery constriction. The rat cisterna magna (CM) was cannulated and after 7 days SAH was developed by ...
Raanani P - - 2000
All-trans-retinoic acid (ATRA) is considered the recommended induction treatment for acute promyelocytic leukemia. In the pre-ATRA era pulmonary bleeding was a common cause of death in these patients, mostly due to disseminated intravascular coagulation which was further exacerbated by the administration of chemotherapy. Although ATRA syndrome, the most serious adverse ...
Choo D C - - 2000
A 44-year-old Chinese man developed severe occipital headache, nausea, and vomiting during acupuncture treatment of the posterior neck for chronic neck pain. Computed tomography of the head showed hemorrhage in the fourth, third, and lateral ventricles. A lumbar puncture confirmed the presence of blood. Magnetic resonance angiography with gadolinium did ...
Stoodley M - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: Evidence indicates that vasospasm after subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) is caused in part by a decrease in the vasodilator nitric oxide (NO), which is produced mainly in endothelial cells. This study tested whether intracisternal injection of adenovirus-expressing endothelial NO synthase (eNOS) would decrease vasospasm in dogs. METHODS: In 12 dogs, ...
Sameshima T - - 2000
A 29-year-old male with Down's syndrome presented with severe headache and vomiting. Computed tomography demonstrated subarachnoid hemorrhage. Left carotid angiography showed severe stenosis of the middle cerebral artery 2 cm distal to its origin, as well as abnormal hyper-vascularization near the stenosis site similar to that seen in moyamoya disease. ...
Kibayashi K - - 2000
A 20-year-old male presented with traumatic basal subarachnoid hemorrhage after being involved in a fight. Antemortem clinical examinations could not exclude the possibility of rupture of abnormal blood vessels because of the absence of external injuries. Careful postmortem examination of the head and neck regions and histological examination of the ...
Cummings T J - - 2000
Patients with a history of closed head trauma and subarachnoid hemorrhage are uncommonly diagnosed with an intracranial saccular aneurysm. This study presents a group of patients in whom a pre-existing aneurysm was discovered during work-up for traumatic subarachnoid hemorrhage. Without an accurate pre-trauma clinical history, it is difficult to define ...
Schievink W I - - 2000
Pretruncal (perimesencephalic) nonaneurysmal hemorrhage is a benign form of subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). Angiographic changes of vasospasm are uncommon in patients with this type of hemorrhage, and if vasospasm is present, it is mild and focal. We report two patients with pretruncal nonaneurysmal SAH who developed severe and diffuse vasospasm, expanding ...
Vos P E - - 2000
Head trauma may provoke subarachnoid haemorrhage. The question sometimes arises whether in patients with trauma and subarachnoid haemorrhage the latter is of traumatic or aneurysmal origin. We present a 49-year-old patient who fell from a truck, struck his head and was unconscious immediately. On the brain computed tomography (CT) scan ...
Sayama T - - 2000
We studied the incidence and timing of hyponatremia (Na < 135 mEq l-1) after subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) with special reference to ruptured anterior communicating artery (A-com) aneurysms. Hunt and Kosnik (HK) grading, symptomatic vasospasm in A-com aneurysm, and hydrocephalus were analyzed for connections to hyponatremia in 55 patients with ruptured ...
Kim I - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: Cerebral vasospasm is a potentially fatal consequence of aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage and influences the prognosis of the patient. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the status of thin (actin) and thick (myosin) filament regulation of smooth muscle contraction in the double-subarachnoid hemorrhage canine model of cerebral vasospasm ...
Urschel J D - - 2000
Major hemorrhage is an uncommon complication of mediastinoscopy. Although there is a paucity of published data on the management of this problem, sternotomy and arterial repair is usually considered the treatment of choice. Two major hemorrhagic complications (1 definite and 1 possible pulmonary artery tear) occurred in a series of ...
Tsurushima H - - 2000
Complications associated with intraarterial papaverine infusion occurred in two patients treated for vasospasm due to subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). A 42-year-old male with an anterior communicating artery aneurysm underwent craniotomy and aneurysm clipping. Five days after the SAH occurred, angiography demonstrated moderate vasospasm in spite of hypervolemic-hypertensive therapy. During papaverine infusion ...
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