Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 1211
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Yamaguchi Satoshi - - 2003
BACKGROUND: A case of spinal subdural hematoma (SSDH) following subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) because of a ruptured internal carotid aneurysm is described. Such a case has never been reported. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 52-year-old woman underwent a craniotomy for a ruptured internal carotid aneurysm. A computed tomography scan showed that SAH existed ...
Allan James S - - 2003
TIF is a rare and often fatal complication of tracheostomy. Bleeding from the trachea after tracheostomy demands urgent investigation. Bronchoscopy is the diagnostic procedure of choice. Bedside control of hemorrhage by cuff overinflation or by digital arterial compression can be lifesaving. Prompt operation with division of the innominate artery and ...
Mack William J - - 2003
OBJECT: Elevated intracranial pressure (ICP) is an important consequence of aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) that often results in decreased cerebral perfusion and secondary clinical decline. No definitive guidelines exist regarding methods and techniques for ICP management following aneurysm rupture. The authors describe monitoring practices and outcome data in 621 patients ...
Schwartz Theodore H - - 2003
Spontaneous non-aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) centered in the quadrigeminal cistern has been proposed as a variant of perimesencephalic non-aneurysmal SAH (PNSH). Some authors contest the existence of this entity, claiming it results either from head trauma or an undiscovered P2-P3 aneurysm, and conclude that all PNSH arise in front of ...
Hoelper Bernd Manfred - - 2003
OBJECTIVE AND IMPORTANCE: The effect of transluminal balloon angioplasty on cerebral biochemical monitoring during treatment of severe cerebral vasospasm after subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) was investigated. CLINICAL PRESENTATION: In a 36-year-old man, an anterior communicating artery aneurysm caused an SAH (Hunt and Hess Grade IV, Fisher Grade III). After clipping, intraparenchymal ...
Ali Arshad - - 2003
The use of platelet glycoprotein (GP) IIb/IIIa inhibitors in patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention has resulted in an impressive reduction in adverse events. Pulmonary hemorrhage is a rare but potentially lethal complication of antithrombotic and antiplatelet therapy. We analyzed the incidence of spontaneous pulmonary hemorrhage following the use of platelet ...
Alén Jose F - - 2003
OBJECT: Some authors have questioned the need to perform cerebral angiography in patients presenting with a benign clinical picture and a perimesencephalic pattern of subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) on initial computerized tomography (CT) scans, because the low probability of finding an aneurysm does not justify exposing patients to the risks of ...
Bulsara Ketan R - - 2003
OBJECT: Differentiating myocardial infarction (MI) from reversible neurogenic left ventricular dysfunction (stunned myocardium [SM]) associated with aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) is critical for early surgical intervention. The authors hypothesized that the cardiac troponin (cTn) trend and/or echocardiogram could be used to differentiate between the two entities. METHODS: A retrospective study ...
Aihara Yasuo - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: Vasospasm after subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) may result from hemoglobin-mediated removal of nitric oxide (NO) from the arterial wall. We tested the ability of the long-acting, water-soluble, NO donor (Z)-1-[N-(2-aminoethyl)-N-(2-ammonioethyl)amino]diazen-1-1,2-diolate (DETA/NO), delivered via continuous intracisternal infusion, to prevent vasospasm in a nonhuman primate model of SAH. METHODS: First, vasorelaxation in ...
Lindgaard Lars - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: The incidence of subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) and intracranial aneurysm (IA) has been reported to be higher in Greenlandic Inuits than in Caucasian Danes, but the rate of familial aggregation in Inuits is unknown. METHODS: This study retrospectively compared the rate of familial aggregation of SAH and IA (at least ...
Hara Naoto - - 2003
Two clinical cases in which ischemic optic neuropathy (ION) occurred after subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) are reported. Hemorrhage in the proximity of the optic chiasm was confirmed in 2 cases following rupture of an anterior communicating artery aneurysm. Optic disk atrophy with excavation and permanent visual field defect (altitudinal superior hemianopia) ...
Murakami Kensuke - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Intracranial dissecting aneurysms have been associated with subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) or cerebral ischemia. We encountered a patient presenting with simultaneous subarachnoid hemorrhage and brainstem infarction caused by a dissecting aneurysm of the vertebrobasilar artery, which was diagnosed by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) but did not show abnormal findings on ...
Flanagan Dennis - - 2003
Penetration of the mandibular cortex during dental implant surgery may damage 3 important arteries and could lead to life-threatening circumstances. To lessen the likelihood of lateral angulations and cortical perforations, dental implants of less than 14 mm may be considered for the mandible. The courses of the inferior alveolar, facial, ...
Lang E W - - 2003
It is unclear whether the configuration of the basilar artery (BA) in patients with subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) of unknown origin is comparable to that in normal subjects or whether there are differences which may help to identify the origin. We studied the BA configuration in 57 patients with SAH of ...
Woitzik Johannes - - 2002
To detect the unintentional generation of subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) during thread occlusion of the middle cerebral artery (MCA) in rats, a single laser-Doppler flowmetry (LDF) probe was positioned over the ipsilateral cortex. Occlusion of the MCA resulted in an immediate drop of the LDF signal to 21.4+/-8.0% which was followed ...
McGirt Matthew J - - 2002
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) activity is decreased after subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). Simvastatin increases eNOS activity. We hypothesized that simvastatin would increase eNOS protein and ameliorate SAH-induced cerebral vasospasm. METHODS: Mice were treated with subcutaneous simvastatin or vehicle for 14 days and then subjected to endovascular perforation ...
Choi Rak Kyeong RK - - 2002
Abciximab has a key role in the treatment of patients with acute coronary syndromes undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention; however, an increased risk of bleeding complications is well recognized. We report a case of serious pulmonary hemorrhage after use of abciximab therapy. A definitive indication and treatment guideline should be available ...
Abe Yoshihisa - - 2002
We investigated the effects of a platelet-activating factor (PAF) antagonist, E5880 (1-ethyl-2-[N-(2-methoxy)benzoyl-N-[(2)-2-methoxy-3-(4-octadecycarbamoylox)piperidinocarbonyloxy-propyloxy]carbonyl]aminomethyl-pyridiniumchloride), on subarachnoid hemorrhage-induced prolongation of cerebral circulation time and decrease in the basilar artery diameter in a canine double-hemorrhage model. Animals were assigned to three groups, control (saline), E5880 1.2 mg/kg and E5880 2.4 mg/kg. For measurement of ...
Weigel Stefanie - - 2003
A subarachnoid haemorrhage (SAH) occurred 67 days after cardiac transplantation in a 10-year-old girl with consecutive immunocompromising therapy. Neither digital subtraction angiography (DSA) nor computed tomographic angiography showed signs of intracranial vascular malformations. One month before the lethal SAH occurred, she had developed arterial hypertension and attacks of severe headache ...
McIver Jon I - - 2002
OBJECT: Despite the widespread use of ventriculostomy in the treatment of acute hydrocephalus after aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH), there is no consensus regarding the risk of rebleeding associated with ventriculostomy before aneurysm repair. This present study was conducted to assess the risk of rebleeding after preoperative ventriculostomy in patients with ...
Topcuoglu M. Akif - - 2002
Cerebral vasospasm and related ischemic stroke continue to be significant complicating factors in the course of many patients with subarachnoid hemorrhage from berry aneurysm rupture. The risk of this well-recognized but poorly understood complication can be estimated on the basis of patient medical history, neurologic examination, and head CT findings. ...
Auer J - - 2002
Abuse of the drugs like amphetamine, cocaine and "Ecstasy" may be complicated by intracerebral, subdural or subarachnoid haemorrhage. Contrary to historical opinion, drug-related intracranial haemorrhage (ICH) is frequently related to an underlying vascular malformation. We report the case of an 18-year-old man with a history of Ecstasy abuse preceding the ...
Woo Daniel - - 2002
Subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) secondary to ruptured saccular intracranial aneurysm (IA) is a complex trait, with both genetic and environmental risk factors playing an important part. The 30-day mortality rate of patients with SAH is 40% to 44%, with many survivors suffering from major disability. Because most of the mortality after ...
Funaki Brian - - 2002
The treatment of arterial gastrointestinal hemorrhage continues to evolve. Currently, most interventional radiologists approach bleeding both in the upper and lower gastrointestinal tract with intention to treat. Embolization has replaced local vasoconstrictive therapy as the catheter-based treatment of choice in many hospitals. Coaxial microcatheters have simplified embolotherapy and enabled lower ...
Hacein-Bey Lotfi - - 2002
Fenestrations of the cerebral arteries are uncommon, and aneurysms in association with fenestrations are even more uncommon. We report the case of a saccular aneurysm associated with a posterior cerebral artery fenestration in a child with subarachnoid hemorrhage. The patient was successfully treated with Guglielmi detachable coils. This case is ...
Sancak T - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Chronic cerebral vasospasm is delayed-onset cerebral arterial narrowing in response to blood clots left in the subarachnoid space after aneurysmal subarachnoid haemorrhage (SAH). Rabbit models of vasospasm have been developed as in vivo experimental pathogenesis and the treatments of cerebral vasospasm using human vessels are not possible. The present ...
Sheridan Meghan Kelly - - 2002
The objective of the study was to evaluate the ability of hemorrhage site and location as demonstrated on pelvic CT to predict the source of arterial hemorrhage in patients with traumatic pelvic fractures. CT scans of 104 consecutive patients who had sustained traumatic pelvic fracture and undergone emergent pelvic angiography ...
Kwan Aij-Lie - - 2002
Increasing evidence has implicated endothelin-1 (ET-1), a potent vasoconstrictive peptide, in the pathophysiology of cerebral vasospasm after subarachnoid haemorrhage (SAH). Endothelin-converting enzyme-1 (ECE-1), the protease involved in the final step of post-translational processing of ET-1, cleaves the inactive precursor big ET-1 at the Trp(21)-Val (22) peptide bond. In our previous ...
Menon David K - - 2002
Plasma endothelin (ET) is elevated in patients with vasospasm following subarachnoid haemorrhage (SAH). However, systemic levels provide no indication regarding local production in the brain, and late elevation may be a consequence rather than a cause of vasospasm. We measured arteriojugular (AJ) gradients of ET-1 in 17 patients over the ...
Longo M - - 2002
We report quantification of vasospasm following subarachnoid haemorrhage (SAH) and the effect of a new antivasospastic free radical scavenger (AVS) in rats, using an angiographic technique developed in our laboratory. We acquired single-exposure angiograms with mammographic equipment, using a 0.1 mm diameter focal spot and single-emulsion mammographic films. Contrast medium ...
Barnes Bryan - - 2002
The article reviews intracerebral hemorrhage caused by vascular malformations. The article also reviews incidence, prevalence, and distribution of parenchymal hemorrhage caused by aneurysms, arteriovenous malformations, and cavernous malformations are defined, and less common vascular lesions. There is a discussion of the role of cerebral vascular malformations in producing cerebral hemorrhage ...
Quick Christopher M - - 2002
Cerebral (brain) arteriovenous malformations (BAVMs) are a tangle of disorganized vessels that are a rare cause of hemorrhagic stroke in the general population. Although clinical presentation of hemorrhage may be related to the structure of BAVM vessels, there has been no systematic quantitative analysis of BAVM vessel morphology. Histological sections ...
Qureshi Adnan I - - 2002
We report the occurrence of fatal intracerebral hemorrhage associated with using a combination of antithrombotic agents, including abciximab, in patients undergoing neurointerventional procedures. Seven patients (average age 60, range 46 to 73 years) developed fatal intracerebral hemorrhages associated with neurointerventional procedures and the use of intravenous abciximab. The procedures included ...
Marshman Laurence A G - - 2002
It is currently unknown whether endovascular filament (EF) models of acute subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) introduce any 'side bias' upon cerebrovascular reactivity by virtue of unilateral carotid manipulation, unilateral EF insertion, or potentially ipsilateral site of intracranial rupture. In this study, three experimental groups of adult male wistar rats were used: ...
Calvo-Romero José Maria - - 2002
Churg-Strauss syndrome (CSS) is a systemic small-vessel vasculitis characterised by the presence of asthma and eosinophilia. Central nervous system involvement (cerebral infarctions or intracerebral haemorrhage) is rare in CSS. Spontaneous subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) has been described in other systemic vasculitides. SAH is exceptional in CSS. We present a 47-year-old woman ...
Zubkov Alexander Y - - 2002
This preliminary study was undertaken to explore the possible protective effect of caspase inhibitors Z-VDVAD-FMK and Z-DEVD-FMK in apoptosis and vasospasm in penetrating arteries during cerebral vasospasm. Experimental subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) was induced in 16 dogs by an intracisternal injection of autologous arterial blood (0.4 ml/kg) on Day 0 and ...
Chia R Y - - 2002
Despite recent advances in the management of aneurysmal subarachnoid haemorrhage delayed ischaemic deficits from cerebral vasospasm remains a major cause of morbidity and mortality. As magnesium is a potent cerebral vasodilator we have introduced routine supplementation in patients presented with subarachnoid haemorrhage to determine whether there has been a reduction ...
Romano Jose G - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To determine the frequency and characteristics of microembolic signals (MES) in subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). METHODS: Twenty-three patients with aneurysmal SAH were monitored with transcranial Doppler ultrasonography for the presence of MES and vasospasm. Each middle cerebral artery was monitored for 30 minutes three times each week. Patients were excluded ...
Endo Toshiki - - 2002
OBJECTIVE AND IMPORTANCE: Intracranial aspergillosis has been reported to cause subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) attributable to ruptured mycotic aneurysms. We describe a case of Aspergillus arteritis that caused SAH without aneurysm formation, followed by successive brainstem and cerebellar infarction. CLINICAL PRESENTATION: A 50-year-old woman experienced a sudden onset of headache. Computed ...
Gazmuri Rodrigo R - - 2002
Two previously reported causes of postoperative limb ischemia after use of a tourniquet, compartment syndrome and arterial thromboembolism, require aggressive and invasive management. We report another probable cause that can be managed nonsurgically: vasospasm.
Sakamoto Makoto - - 2002
We studied whether 8-iso-PGF2alpha, nonenzymatic arachidonyl peroxide, participated in the pathogenesis of delayed vasospasm using a canine subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) model. Fourteen adult mongrel dogs were divided into two groups, two-hemorrhage SAH group (n = 8) and control group (n = 6). The contents of 8-iso-PGF2alpha in CSF, the basilar ...
Kasuya Hidetoshi - - 2002
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Despite extensive investigative efforts, there are few treatments that can prevent vasospasm after subarachnoid hemorrhage. This study was conducted to examine the efficacy and safety of nicardipine prolonged-release implants (NPRI) for humans, which have already been proven in dogs. METHODS: Twenty consecutive subarachnoid hemorrhage patients with thick ...
Ahn Young Min - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: The vasoconstrictor peptide endothelin-1 (ET-1) produces narrowing of cerebral arteries and has been implicated in the pathogenesis of cerebral vasospasm after subarachnoid hemorrhage. Little is known, however, regarding the physiological consequences of prolonged exposure of arterial wall to ET-1. METHODS: In 30 rats, normal saline or 10(-8) mol/h of ...
Mori K - - 2002
Dissecting aneurysm confined to the anterior cerebral artery (ACA) is extremely rare. Four patients presented with dissecting aneurysms confined to the ACA, two with cerebral infarctions in the territories of the ACA and two with subarachnoid haemorrhages. The two patients with infarction were treated by conservative therapy with anti-platelet therapy ...
Khurana Vini G - - 2002
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Post-subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) cerebral vasospasm is a potentially devastating condition whose pathogenesis involves impaired nitric oxide (NO) bioavailability. We aimed to determine whether recombinant endothelial NO synthase (eNOS) gene expression may protect vasomotor function and prevent vasospasm in a canine experimental SAH model. METHODS: Recombinant adenoviral vectors ...
Watanabe A - - 2002
Perimesencephalic nonaneurysmal subarachnoid haemorrhage (PN-SAH) is characterised by accumulation of blood around the midbrain, normal angiographic findings and an excellent prognosis. The etiology of PN-SAH has not yet been determined. Therefore we decided to compare the venograms of patients with PN-SAH with those of patients with aneurysmal SAH (A-SAH) in ...
Soustiel J F - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Cerebral vasospasm has been commonly described following subarachnoid haemorrhage (SAH) though its impact on neurological outcome, especially in head trauma, has not been yet elucidated. The purpose of this study was to monitor and correlate neurological condition and flow velocities (FVs) in the arteries of the brain after SAH ...
Lee Jung Kil - - 2002
Simultaneous occurrence of aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) and hypertensive intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) is very rare and only two cases have been previously reported in the literatures. We present a case of 68-yr-old man with a history of untreated hypertension, who suffered from sudden onset of headache followed by right hemiparesis. ...
Niikawa Shuji - - 2002
A 46-year-old woman presented with a dissecting aneurysm of the right middle cerebral artery manifesting as subarachnoid hemorrhage followed by hemorrhagic infarctions. The aneurysm was clipped and wrapped. However, serial angiography showed progression of the lesion, which was probably responsible for the clinical course of this patient. Intracranial dissecting aneurysms ...
Leunig Michael - - 2002
A 77-year-old woman with a slightly displaced intertrochanteric two-fragment fracture of the left hip was treated by internal fixation using a screw-nail device (gamma nail). After the operation she became hemodynamically unstable, and ultrasound revealed a large retroperitoneal fluid accumulation in the left lower abdomen. A contrast computed tomogram revealed ...
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