Search Results
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Aiba Toyotaka - - 2003
Two cases of complete unilateral oculomotor nerve palsy occurred after subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) due to a ruptured anterior communicating artery aneurysm. A 61-year-old female suffered left oculomotor nerve paresis after mild SAH. This paresis was probably related to pre-existing oculomotor nerve stretching caused by abnormal positioning of the posterior cerebral ...
Todaka Tatemi - - 2003
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: To clarify hemodynamic risk factors for hemorrhage in arteriovenous malformations (AVMs), the mean transit time (MTT) of feeding arteries and draining veins in AVMs with and without hemorrhage was measured and analyzed. METHODS: Morphological features such as the number and diameter of draining and feeding vessels and ...
Bayar M Akif - - 2003
This study investigated the effects of Ginkgo biloba extract (EGb-76l), an anti-oxidant and platelet-activating factor antagonist, on basilar artery vasospasm in an experimental canine subarachnoid hemorrhage model. Morphometric analyses were performed, and serum and cerebrospinal fluid endothelin-l levels were measured by radioimmunoassay. Comparisons were made between treated and untreated groups. ...
Slensky Kimberly A - - 2003
A 7-year-old spayed female Labrador Retriever was referred because of progressive swelling and bruising of the neck, hemothorax, a possible mediastinal mass, and stridor. At the time of admission, the dog was recumbent, mentally dull, tachycardic, and hypothermic. Fluid therapy with hydroxyethyl starch and a balanced electrolyte solution was administered ...
Russell Stephen M - - 2003
OBJECT: The goal of this study was to determine the relationship between aneurysm size and the volume of subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). METHODS: One hundred consecutive patients who presented with acute SAH, which was diagnosed on the basis of a computerized tomography (CT) scan within 24 hours postictus and, subsequently, confirmed ...
Lorsheyd A - - 2003
The purpose of this study was to determine the value of the ECG in subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) in predicting poor outcome, and to define if specific ECG changes are related to the location of the aneurysm in SAH. A retrospective cohort study was performed on 97 patients with symptoms of ...
Schwarte Lothar A - - 2003
Cardiocirculatory arrest can be induced by adenosine and maintained over several minutes by application of high positive end-expiratory pressure to allow surgical control of a near hemorrhage from a large ruptured artery.
Vlychou Marianna - - 2003
BACKGROUND: The primitive hypoglossal artery (PHA) is a rare vascular anomaly, which belongs to the group of carotid-basilar anastomosis that may occur in adults. CASE PRESENTATION: Herein is presented a case of a patient with a PHA, who had undergone a cerebral angiography due to investigation of subarachnoid hemorrhage. Additionally, ...
Kawanishi Masahiro - - 2003
We report a rare case of posterior communicating artery occlusion mimicking a cerebral aneurysm. A 62-year-old man was admitted to Towakai Hospital with sudden onset of left motor weakness. He had developed thunderclap headache five days before. Computed tomographic scan and lumbar tap were negative for subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). Digital ...
Lang Zhenwei - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To study the pathological characteristics of severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) and its relationship to clinical manifestation. METHODS: Tissue specimens from 3 autopsies of probable SARS cases were studied by microscope, and the clinical data was reviewed. RESULTS: The typical pathological changes of lungs were diffuse hemorrhaging on the ...
Daeubler Bernd - - 2003
PURPOSE: To describe the anatomical variations of the corona mortis, a vascular anomaly that may lead to dangerous hemorrhage and possible death. CASE REPORT: A 46-year-old male cyclist was involved in a collision with a car, during which he sustained fractures to the left ribs and pelvic ring. Abdominal ultrasound ...
Djokic Vesna - - 2003
Ruptures of arteries of the vertebrobasilary system are relatively frequent in medicolegal practice, and their origin may be both natural and violent. Tears that affects the whole thickness of the basilar artery cause subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH), with an often rapid fatal outcome. 1-3 However, in some situations, arterial tears may ...
Holodny Andrei I - - 2003
We describe a case of an actively bleeding aneurysm demonstrated by CT angiography (CTA). The active hemorrhage was characterized by a nebulous attenuation in the subarachnoid space adjacent to the aneurysm. The measurements (HU) of the hemorrhage were equal to or slightly less than those of the contrast material in ...
Yamaguchi Satoshi - - 2003
BACKGROUND: A case of spinal subdural hematoma (SSDH) following subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) because of a ruptured internal carotid aneurysm is described. Such a case has never been reported. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 52-year-old woman underwent a craniotomy for a ruptured internal carotid aneurysm. A computed tomography scan showed that SAH existed ...
Allan James S - - 2003
TIF is a rare and often fatal complication of tracheostomy. Bleeding from the trachea after tracheostomy demands urgent investigation. Bronchoscopy is the diagnostic procedure of choice. Bedside control of hemorrhage by cuff overinflation or by digital arterial compression can be lifesaving. Prompt operation with division of the innominate artery and ...
Mack William J - - 2003
OBJECT: Elevated intracranial pressure (ICP) is an important consequence of aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) that often results in decreased cerebral perfusion and secondary clinical decline. No definitive guidelines exist regarding methods and techniques for ICP management following aneurysm rupture. The authors describe monitoring practices and outcome data in 621 patients ...
Schwartz Theodore H - - 2003
Spontaneous non-aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) centered in the quadrigeminal cistern has been proposed as a variant of perimesencephalic non-aneurysmal SAH (PNSH). Some authors contest the existence of this entity, claiming it results either from head trauma or an undiscovered P2-P3 aneurysm, and conclude that all PNSH arise in front of ...
Hoelper Bernd Manfred - - 2003
OBJECTIVE AND IMPORTANCE: The effect of transluminal balloon angioplasty on cerebral biochemical monitoring during treatment of severe cerebral vasospasm after subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) was investigated. CLINICAL PRESENTATION: In a 36-year-old man, an anterior communicating artery aneurysm caused an SAH (Hunt and Hess Grade IV, Fisher Grade III). After clipping, intraparenchymal ...
Ali Arshad - - 2003
The use of platelet glycoprotein (GP) IIb/IIIa inhibitors in patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention has resulted in an impressive reduction in adverse events. Pulmonary hemorrhage is a rare but potentially lethal complication of antithrombotic and antiplatelet therapy. We analyzed the incidence of spontaneous pulmonary hemorrhage following the use of platelet ...
Alén Jose F - - 2003
OBJECT: Some authors have questioned the need to perform cerebral angiography in patients presenting with a benign clinical picture and a perimesencephalic pattern of subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) on initial computerized tomography (CT) scans, because the low probability of finding an aneurysm does not justify exposing patients to the risks of ...
Bulsara Ketan R - - 2003
OBJECT: Differentiating myocardial infarction (MI) from reversible neurogenic left ventricular dysfunction (stunned myocardium [SM]) associated with aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) is critical for early surgical intervention. The authors hypothesized that the cardiac troponin (cTn) trend and/or echocardiogram could be used to differentiate between the two entities. METHODS: A retrospective study ...
Aihara Yasuo - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: Vasospasm after subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) may result from hemoglobin-mediated removal of nitric oxide (NO) from the arterial wall. We tested the ability of the long-acting, water-soluble, NO donor (Z)-1-[N-(2-aminoethyl)-N-(2-ammonioethyl)amino]diazen-1-1,2-diolate (DETA/NO), delivered via continuous intracisternal infusion, to prevent vasospasm in a nonhuman primate model of SAH. METHODS: First, vasorelaxation in ...
Lindgaard Lars - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: The incidence of subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) and intracranial aneurysm (IA) has been reported to be higher in Greenlandic Inuits than in Caucasian Danes, but the rate of familial aggregation in Inuits is unknown. METHODS: This study retrospectively compared the rate of familial aggregation of SAH and IA (at least ...
Hara Naoto - - 2003
Two clinical cases in which ischemic optic neuropathy (ION) occurred after subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) are reported. Hemorrhage in the proximity of the optic chiasm was confirmed in 2 cases following rupture of an anterior communicating artery aneurysm. Optic disk atrophy with excavation and permanent visual field defect (altitudinal superior hemianopia) ...
Murakami Kensuke - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Intracranial dissecting aneurysms have been associated with subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) or cerebral ischemia. We encountered a patient presenting with simultaneous subarachnoid hemorrhage and brainstem infarction caused by a dissecting aneurysm of the vertebrobasilar artery, which was diagnosed by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) but did not show abnormal findings on ...
Flanagan Dennis - - 2003
Penetration of the mandibular cortex during dental implant surgery may damage 3 important arteries and could lead to life-threatening circumstances. To lessen the likelihood of lateral angulations and cortical perforations, dental implants of less than 14 mm may be considered for the mandible. The courses of the inferior alveolar, facial, ...
Lang E W - - 2003
It is unclear whether the configuration of the basilar artery (BA) in patients with subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) of unknown origin is comparable to that in normal subjects or whether there are differences which may help to identify the origin. We studied the BA configuration in 57 patients with SAH of ...
Woitzik Johannes - - 2002
To detect the unintentional generation of subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) during thread occlusion of the middle cerebral artery (MCA) in rats, a single laser-Doppler flowmetry (LDF) probe was positioned over the ipsilateral cortex. Occlusion of the MCA resulted in an immediate drop of the LDF signal to 21.4+/-8.0% which was followed ...
McGirt Matthew J - - 2002
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) activity is decreased after subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). Simvastatin increases eNOS activity. We hypothesized that simvastatin would increase eNOS protein and ameliorate SAH-induced cerebral vasospasm. METHODS: Mice were treated with subcutaneous simvastatin or vehicle for 14 days and then subjected to endovascular perforation ...
Choi Rak Kyeong RK - - 2002
Abciximab has a key role in the treatment of patients with acute coronary syndromes undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention; however, an increased risk of bleeding complications is well recognized. We report a case of serious pulmonary hemorrhage after use of abciximab therapy. A definitive indication and treatment guideline should be available ...
Abe Yoshihisa - - 2002
We investigated the effects of a platelet-activating factor (PAF) antagonist, E5880 (1-ethyl-2-[N-(2-methoxy)benzoyl-N-[(2)-2-methoxy-3-(4-octadecycarbamoylox)piperidinocarbonyloxy-propyloxy]carbonyl]aminomethyl-pyridiniumchloride), on subarachnoid hemorrhage-induced prolongation of cerebral circulation time and decrease in the basilar artery diameter in a canine double-hemorrhage model. Animals were assigned to three groups, control (saline), E5880 1.2 mg/kg and E5880 2.4 mg/kg. For measurement of ...
Weigel Stefanie - - 2003
A subarachnoid haemorrhage (SAH) occurred 67 days after cardiac transplantation in a 10-year-old girl with consecutive immunocompromising therapy. Neither digital subtraction angiography (DSA) nor computed tomographic angiography showed signs of intracranial vascular malformations. One month before the lethal SAH occurred, she had developed arterial hypertension and attacks of severe headache ...
McIver Jon I - - 2002
OBJECT: Despite the widespread use of ventriculostomy in the treatment of acute hydrocephalus after aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH), there is no consensus regarding the risk of rebleeding associated with ventriculostomy before aneurysm repair. This present study was conducted to assess the risk of rebleeding after preoperative ventriculostomy in patients with ...
Topcuoglu M. Akif - - 2002
Cerebral vasospasm and related ischemic stroke continue to be significant complicating factors in the course of many patients with subarachnoid hemorrhage from berry aneurysm rupture. The risk of this well-recognized but poorly understood complication can be estimated on the basis of patient medical history, neurologic examination, and head CT findings. ...
Auer J - - 2002
Abuse of the drugs like amphetamine, cocaine and "Ecstasy" may be complicated by intracerebral, subdural or subarachnoid haemorrhage. Contrary to historical opinion, drug-related intracranial haemorrhage (ICH) is frequently related to an underlying vascular malformation. We report the case of an 18-year-old man with a history of Ecstasy abuse preceding the ...
Woo Daniel - - 2002
Subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) secondary to ruptured saccular intracranial aneurysm (IA) is a complex trait, with both genetic and environmental risk factors playing an important part. The 30-day mortality rate of patients with SAH is 40% to 44%, with many survivors suffering from major disability. Because most of the mortality after ...
Funaki Brian - - 2002
The treatment of arterial gastrointestinal hemorrhage continues to evolve. Currently, most interventional radiologists approach bleeding both in the upper and lower gastrointestinal tract with intention to treat. Embolization has replaced local vasoconstrictive therapy as the catheter-based treatment of choice in many hospitals. Coaxial microcatheters have simplified embolotherapy and enabled lower ...
Hacein-Bey Lotfi - - 2002
Fenestrations of the cerebral arteries are uncommon, and aneurysms in association with fenestrations are even more uncommon. We report the case of a saccular aneurysm associated with a posterior cerebral artery fenestration in a child with subarachnoid hemorrhage. The patient was successfully treated with Guglielmi detachable coils. This case is ...
Sancak T - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Chronic cerebral vasospasm is delayed-onset cerebral arterial narrowing in response to blood clots left in the subarachnoid space after aneurysmal subarachnoid haemorrhage (SAH). Rabbit models of vasospasm have been developed as in vivo experimental pathogenesis and the treatments of cerebral vasospasm using human vessels are not possible. The present ...
Sheridan Meghan Kelly - - 2002
The objective of the study was to evaluate the ability of hemorrhage site and location as demonstrated on pelvic CT to predict the source of arterial hemorrhage in patients with traumatic pelvic fractures. CT scans of 104 consecutive patients who had sustained traumatic pelvic fracture and undergone emergent pelvic angiography ...
Kwan Aij-Lie - - 2002
Increasing evidence has implicated endothelin-1 (ET-1), a potent vasoconstrictive peptide, in the pathophysiology of cerebral vasospasm after subarachnoid haemorrhage (SAH). Endothelin-converting enzyme-1 (ECE-1), the protease involved in the final step of post-translational processing of ET-1, cleaves the inactive precursor big ET-1 at the Trp(21)-Val (22) peptide bond. In our previous ...
Menon David K - - 2002
Plasma endothelin (ET) is elevated in patients with vasospasm following subarachnoid haemorrhage (SAH). However, systemic levels provide no indication regarding local production in the brain, and late elevation may be a consequence rather than a cause of vasospasm. We measured arteriojugular (AJ) gradients of ET-1 in 17 patients over the ...
Longo M - - 2002
We report quantification of vasospasm following subarachnoid haemorrhage (SAH) and the effect of a new antivasospastic free radical scavenger (AVS) in rats, using an angiographic technique developed in our laboratory. We acquired single-exposure angiograms with mammographic equipment, using a 0.1 mm diameter focal spot and single-emulsion mammographic films. Contrast medium ...
Barnes Bryan - - 2002
The article reviews intracerebral hemorrhage caused by vascular malformations. The article also reviews incidence, prevalence, and distribution of parenchymal hemorrhage caused by aneurysms, arteriovenous malformations, and cavernous malformations are defined, and less common vascular lesions. There is a discussion of the role of cerebral vascular malformations in producing cerebral hemorrhage ...
Quick Christopher M - - 2002
Cerebral (brain) arteriovenous malformations (BAVMs) are a tangle of disorganized vessels that are a rare cause of hemorrhagic stroke in the general population. Although clinical presentation of hemorrhage may be related to the structure of BAVM vessels, there has been no systematic quantitative analysis of BAVM vessel morphology. Histological sections ...
Qureshi Adnan I - - 2002
We report the occurrence of fatal intracerebral hemorrhage associated with using a combination of antithrombotic agents, including abciximab, in patients undergoing neurointerventional procedures. Seven patients (average age 60, range 46 to 73 years) developed fatal intracerebral hemorrhages associated with neurointerventional procedures and the use of intravenous abciximab. The procedures included ...
Marshman Laurence A G - - 2002
It is currently unknown whether endovascular filament (EF) models of acute subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) introduce any 'side bias' upon cerebrovascular reactivity by virtue of unilateral carotid manipulation, unilateral EF insertion, or potentially ipsilateral site of intracranial rupture. In this study, three experimental groups of adult male wistar rats were used: ...
Calvo-Romero José Maria - - 2002
Churg-Strauss syndrome (CSS) is a systemic small-vessel vasculitis characterised by the presence of asthma and eosinophilia. Central nervous system involvement (cerebral infarctions or intracerebral haemorrhage) is rare in CSS. Spontaneous subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) has been described in other systemic vasculitides. SAH is exceptional in CSS. We present a 47-year-old woman ...
Zubkov Alexander Y - - 2002
This preliminary study was undertaken to explore the possible protective effect of caspase inhibitors Z-VDVAD-FMK and Z-DEVD-FMK in apoptosis and vasospasm in penetrating arteries during cerebral vasospasm. Experimental subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) was induced in 16 dogs by an intracisternal injection of autologous arterial blood (0.4 ml/kg) on Day 0 and ...
Chia R Y - - 2002
Despite recent advances in the management of aneurysmal subarachnoid haemorrhage delayed ischaemic deficits from cerebral vasospasm remains a major cause of morbidity and mortality. As magnesium is a potent cerebral vasodilator we have introduced routine supplementation in patients presented with subarachnoid haemorrhage to determine whether there has been a reduction ...
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