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Lin Yu-Ching - - 2005
Reports of leptospirosis have recently been increasing in Taiwan. We report a case of leptospirosis with the unusual initial manifestation of pulmonary hemorrhage. The patient presented with cough for 1 week and was admitted. After admission, fever, hemoptysis and severe dyspnea developed suddenly. Chest radiograph showed bilateral diffuse pulmonary infiltrates ...
Schuiling Wouter J - - 2005
In patients with aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH), secondary complications are an important cause of morbidity and case fatality. Delayed cerebral ischemia and hydrocephalus are important intracranial secondary complications. Potentially treatable extracranial complications are also frequently observed, and some are related to the occurrence of delayed cerebral ischemia and outcome. In ...
McGee Shawn M - - 2004
A healthy 31-year-old male abstinent from drug abuse during his recent incarceration developed slurred speech, a severe headache, and left-sided hemiparesis prior to his eventual death 9.5 hours after inhalation of methamphetamine. On postmortem examination, inspection of the brain revealed bilateral subarachnoid hemorrhage, with a prominent intralobar hemorrhage centered within ...
Suhardja Agustinus - - 2004
Molecular biologic investigations in the past decades have begun to unravel the intracellular mechanisms involved in vasomotor regulation of cerebral blood vessels and their failure in delayed cerebral vasospasm produced by aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage. Progress in deciphering macrovascular regulatory mechanisms and their failure in delayed cerebral vasospasm induced by aneurysmal ...
Wong G K - - 2004
INTRODUCTION: Digital subtraction angiography is recognized as the standard investigation for isolated third nerve palsy thought to be caused by an expanding aneurysm. We reviewed our experience in using computed tomographic angiography (CTA) as the first line investigation for patients presenting with isolated third nerve palsy without subarachnoid hemorrhage. METHOD: ...
Doillon Charles J - - 2004
Biologic sealants are needed in numerous, more and more demanding, procedures--especially with developments occurring in endovascular and laparoscopic vascular techniques. An initial pilot study in dogs showed that a 4-cm aortotomy closed with a polyester patch sutured in place by a 4-mm-spaced running suture consistently led to massive hemorrhage. We ...
English Lorraine A - - 2004
Cerebral arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) are formed from a vascular plexus of direct arterial-venous connections that progressively dilate, making them prone to rupture. They are frequently asymptomatic and often remain undiagnosed until they present with associated symptoms of headaches, seizures, neurological deficits, or hemorrhages. Occurrence of headache during pregnancy and labor ...
Kanne Jeffrey P - - 2004
Intracranial aneurysms occur in patients with autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) approximately five times more often than in the general population, and in the same patient group, subarachnoid hemorrhage from rupture of aneurysms occurs about a decade earlier than in the general population. We present a case of unsuspected ...
Caeiro Lara - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Delirium may be a presenting feature in acute subarachnoid haemorrhage (SAH). The aim of this study was to investigate the risk factors for delirium in acute SAH and to analyse the relation between delirium and location and amount of haematic densities and hydrocephalus. METHODS: We assessed delirium in a ...
Cakir Ertugrul - - 2004
Six patients with intracavernous carotid artery aneurysms (ICCAAns) were seen at our department from 1998 to 2002. All patients had only one intracranial aneurysm and their ages at diagnosis ranged from 36 to 72 years (median 56). Five were women and four had a history of hypertension. One patient was ...
Goldsher Dorith - - 2004
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Optimal means for assessing cerebral vasospasm, mainly at the vertebrobasilar system, have not been established. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the role of multisection CT angiography (MCTA) in the detection and quantification of vertebrobasilar vasospasm (VBS) indicated on transcranial Doppler (TCD) imaging in patients ...
Matsumoto K - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: Primary hypertensive intracerebral hemorrhage (PICH) is caused by a rupture of a small endartery, and diagnosis is made either by computed tomography (CT) or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Vascular abnormalities are not always evaluated in detail. In this study, we aimed to clarify the incidence of co-existing vascular abnormalities, ...
Riviello C - - 2004
Cerebrovascular diseases are rare in pregnancy and mostly caused by rupture of an arterial aneurysm. We present the case of a pregnant woman at 36 weeks of gestation who had a subarachnoid hemorrhage resulting from rupture of an unknown aneurysm, and who underwent a Cesarean section and an endovascular treatment ...
Smith Eric E - - 2004
Hyperacute, spontaneous, and severe parenchymal postischemic hemorrhage is considered rare but might be frequently misdiagnosed as primary intracerebral hemorrhage. The authors report 2 patients with catastrophic postischemic hemorrhage unrelated to anticoagulation, thrombolytics, or coagulopathy. Patient 1 was a 73-year-old woman with left posterior frontal lobe infarction, followed at 5.5 hours ...
Hertz Jeffrey A - - 2004
The management of patients with head and neck cancer can be complicated by massive carotid artery hemorrhage, often requiring ligation owing to the emergent conditions and scarring from previous surgery and radiation. A case of emergent endovascular management of carotid artery hemorrhage in a patient treated for pharyngeal carcinoma is ...
Ajtai Bela - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Oculomotor nerve paresis may have relatively benign but also life-threatening causes. Distinguishing between these is of great clinical importance. OBJECTIVE: To reveal a potential pitfall of the clinical evaluation of oculomotor nerve paresis. PATIENT: Single case observation. RESULTS: A 56-year-old man had fluctuating diplopia and fatigable ptosis, promptly relieved ...
Choi Seong Ho - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Postoperative hemorrhage, particularly delayed hemorrhage after pancreaticoduodenectomy, is a serious complication and one of the most common causes of mortality after pancreaticoduodenectomy. STUDY DESIGN: The medical records of 500 patients who underwent pancreaticoduodenectomy between October 1994 and December 2002 were analyzed with regard to postoperative hemorrhagic complications. Delayed hemorrhage ...
Flemming Kelly D - - 2004
OBJECT: Nonsaccular intracranial aneurysms (NIAs) are characterized by dilation, elongation, and tortuosity of intracranial arteries. Dilemmas in management exist due to the limited regarding the natural history of this disease entity. The objective of this study was to determine the prospective risk of subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) in patients with vertebrobasilar ...
Park Sang-Woo - - 2004
A 72-year old woman with a premacular subhyaloid hemorrhage could not be treated by laser photodisruption due to a thick posterior cortical vitreous. Pure sulfur hexafluoride (SF6, 0.3 mL) gas was injected intravitreally without recombinant tissue plasminogen activator, and facedown positioning was recommended for 5 days. Posterior vitreous detachment was ...
Lopez Ana E - - 2004
Delayed deaths following injury are not rare. Various mechanisms may be responsible for such deaths, including pulmonary thromboembolism, fat embolism, infection, systemic inflammatory response syndrome, and delayed hemorrhage. In the present case, we describe a death due to delayed subarachnoid hemorrhage following a motor vehicle collision, wherein the hemorrhage occurred ...
Taylor A A Division of Neurosurgery, University of Cape Town, South - - 2004
Cerebrovascular complications of AIDS have been reported as high as 34% in post mortem series. Most patients suffer from ischaemic strokes but there are a number of reports of patients presenting with subarachnoid haemorrhage (SAH) related specifically to aneurysm rupture. We present three patients with advanced HIV disease and low ...
Sviri Gill E - - 2004
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The clinical and hemodynamic impacts of basilar artery (BA) vasospasm (VS) after aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) are ill-defined. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the relationship between BA-VS and regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF) with posterior circulation after aneurysmal SAH. METHODS: Daily transcranial Doppler ...
Ryan Max F - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the use of emergent dynamic intravenous contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CT) in the diagnosis of active arterial extravasation in patients admitted to hospital after blunt abdominal trauma. METHODS: Four-hundred and ninety-eight consecutive emergent contrast-enhanced computed tomographic images of the abdomen and pelvis were retrospectively reviewed. The presence of ...
Krishnaney Ajit A - - 2004
A case of acute subdural hematoma over the tentorium secondary to rupture of an anterior communicating artery aneurysm is reported. A 42-year-old female patient presented with acute-onset, severe bifrontal and retro-orbital headache. CT revealed only symmetric thickening of the tentorium. MR imaging revealed the presence of a 10-mm anterior communicating ...
Biondi Alessandra - - 2004
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Cerebral vasospasm remains a major problem in patients recovering from aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage despite advances in medical, surgical, and endovascular care. Our purpose was to assess the efficacy of intra-arterial nimodipine, a calcium-channel blocker acting mainly on cerebral vessels, in preventing delayed neurologic deficits in patients with ...
Song Zhi - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To set up a new grading system of intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH) and determine the value of predicting the probability of post-hemorrhagic hydrocephalus (PHH) in IVH. METHODS: We first modified the Graeb criteria, then compared the value of prediction for PHH assessed by the Graeb criteria with the modified Graeb ...
Slowik Agnieszka - - 2004
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Evidence exists in support of a role of genetic factors in susceptibility to aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) in humans. Meta-analysis of 2 previous studies showed that the I allele of angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) gene insertion/deletion (I/D) polymorphism was a weak, but significant, risk factor for aneurysmal SAH. ...
Muroi C - - 2004
INTRODUCTION: In clinical practice, the occurrence of aneurysmal subarachnoid haemorrhage (SAH) often coincides with a particular season. Our objective was to examine seasonal variations in hospital admissions due to aneurysmal SAH. METHODS: The study population consisted of 489 patients with aneurysmal SAH who were admitted to the Department of Neurosurgery, ...
Behari Sanjay - - 2004
Basilar artery (BA) aplasia when unaccompanied by a primitive carotid-vertebrobasilar anastomosis is exceedingly rare. The association of BA aplasia with two aneurysms on the dominant posterior communicating artery (PCoA) has not been previously reported. This 40-year-old man presented in a state of drowsiness and responded to simple commands only after ...
Friedman Jonathan A - - 2004
Carotid angioplasty and stenting (CAS) has emerged as an alternative treatment of carotid stenosis for patients poorly suited for endarterectomy. Intracerebral hemorrhage following carotid revascularization is rare and thought to be related to hyperperfusion injury in most cases. Early experience suggests an increased incidence of hemorrhage following CAS as compared ...
Wong J S - - 2004
This is a prospective study conducted from February 2000 to July 2002 in a single neurosurgeon neurosurgical service in the state of Sarawak, Malaysia. There were 66 cases of subarachnoid hemorrhage or intracranial aneurysm presenting to this hospital over the study period. Fifty cases had their aneurysms clipped. Eighty percent ...
Elgamal Essam A - - 2004
INTRODUCTION: Primary subarachnoid hemorrhage is rare in infancy. A bleeding arterial aneurysm as its cause is even less frequent. A review of the literature turned up 85 cases of cerebral aneurysm that occurred in the 1st year of life, 63 of them presenting with subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). CASE REPORT: The ...
Khurana Vini G - - 2004
Rupture of an intracranial aneurysm (subarachnoid hemorrhage) is a potentially devastating condition frequently complicated by delayed cerebral ischemia from sustained contraction of intracranial arteries (cerebral vasospasm). There is mounting evidence linking the formation of intracranial aneurysms and the pathogenesis of post-subarachnoid hemorrhage vasospasm to aberrant bioavailability and action of the ...
Hendryk Stanislaw - - 2004
Cytokines play a key role in mutual influence of the immunological, endocrine and CNS systems. It has been proven that proinflammatory ILs may intensify the cascade of biochemical changes in ischemic brain damage. Vasospasm, which may accompany SAH and often coexists with symptoms of DINDs, is the cause of ischemic ...
Mizutani Tohru - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: This was a pathological study to investigate the healing process for cerebral dissecting aneurysms presenting with subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). METHODS: Thirteen dissecting aneurysms that presented with SAH were obtained from 13 patients. Nine aneurysms arose from the vertebral artery, two arose from the anterior cerebral artery, one arose from ...
Heran Navraj S - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Cerebral vasospasm adversely impacts the outcome of those suffering aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). Prediction of vasospasm could improve outcomes. We hypothesized that preclinical vasospasm would be heralded by an increase in cerebral oxygen extractions (AVDO2) which could be detected by jugular bulb oximetry. A pilot study was conducted to ...
Khaw A V - - 2004
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The goal of this study was to analyze the association of hemorrhagic presentation with infratentorial brain arteriovenous malformations (AVMs). METHODS: The 623 consecutive, prospectively enrolled patients from the Columbia AVM Databank were analyzed in a cross-sectional study. Clinical presentation (diagnostic event) was categorized as intracranial hemorrhage or ...
Hartmann M - - 2004
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Cerebral hyperperfusion syndrome with intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) following carotid angioplasty and stent placement (CAS) of the internal carotid artery (ICA) is well known. We report the occurrence of fatal subarachnoid hemorrhage in a patient undergoing CAS. CASE REPORT: A 77-year-old woman experiencing a left-hemispheric transient ischemic attack ...
Carvi y Nievas Mario - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Cerebral vein thrombosis associated with aneurysmal subarachnoid bleeding is an uncommon event rarely described in the literature. We report here a case and summarize the problems in the management of this patient. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 48-year-old female suffered from two episodes of severe headache and vomiting 7 days before ...
Kim Dong Joon - - 2003
The primary objective for the treatment of arteriovenous malformations (AVM) of the brain is to reduce the risk of hemorrhage. The risk of hemorrhage is known to increase with the presence of an aneurysm associated with AVM. The purpose of this report is to describe the development of visual complications ...
Takeda Shigeki - - 2003
Six autopsy cases of subcortical hematoma caused by CAA were examined to elucidate the primary site of hemorrhage. Immunohistochemistry for amyloid beta-protein (A beta) revealed extensive CAA in the intrasulcal meningeal vessels rather than in the cerebral cortical vessels. All of the examined cases had multiple hematomas in the subarachnoid ...
Yanagihara Chie - - 2003
Hemorrhagic stroke is a complication of infectious endocarditis (IE), and severe hemorrhage accompanies Staphylococcus aureus IE during early uncontrolled infection. However, subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) or subdural hematoma is rare. A case of S. aureus IE associated with SAH and subdural hematoma in the early stage is reported. A 54-year-old man ...
Polmear A - - 2003
The aim of this systematic review was to determine the incidence of sentinel headache reported by patients with aneurysmal subarachnoid haemorrhage, and whether they are likely to be due to recall bias or to misdiagnosis of a previous haemorrhage. Nine studies of good quality, which reported the number of patients ...
Ohta Takashi - - 2003
A 50-year-old previously healthy woman presented with symptoms of subarachnoid hemorrhage. Initial cerebral angiography did not determine the site of the hemorrhage but repeat angiography disclosed an aneurysm-like image, probably in the medial posterior choroidal artery (PChA). Selective angiography performed using a microcatheter technique clearly revealed two medial PChAs arising ...
Hagiwara Akiyoshi - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine predictors of death in patients with pelvic fracture whose pelvic arterial hemorrhage is controlled successfully by transcatheter arterial embolization (TAE). METHODS: From January 1996 to December 2000, 61 patients with a pelvic fracture who had pelvic arterial hemorrhage were treated at ...
Aiba Toyotaka - - 2003
Two cases of complete unilateral oculomotor nerve palsy occurred after subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) due to a ruptured anterior communicating artery aneurysm. A 61-year-old female suffered left oculomotor nerve paresis after mild SAH. This paresis was probably related to pre-existing oculomotor nerve stretching caused by abnormal positioning of the posterior cerebral ...
Todaka Tatemi - - 2003
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: To clarify hemodynamic risk factors for hemorrhage in arteriovenous malformations (AVMs), the mean transit time (MTT) of feeding arteries and draining veins in AVMs with and without hemorrhage was measured and analyzed. METHODS: Morphological features such as the number and diameter of draining and feeding vessels and ...
Bayar M Akif - - 2003
This study investigated the effects of Ginkgo biloba extract (EGb-76l), an anti-oxidant and platelet-activating factor antagonist, on basilar artery vasospasm in an experimental canine subarachnoid hemorrhage model. Morphometric analyses were performed, and serum and cerebrospinal fluid endothelin-l levels were measured by radioimmunoassay. Comparisons were made between treated and untreated groups. ...
Slensky Kimberly A - - 2003
A 7-year-old spayed female Labrador Retriever was referred because of progressive swelling and bruising of the neck, hemothorax, a possible mediastinal mass, and stridor. At the time of admission, the dog was recumbent, mentally dull, tachycardic, and hypothermic. Fluid therapy with hydroxyethyl starch and a balanced electrolyte solution was administered ...
Russell Stephen M - - 2003
OBJECT: The goal of this study was to determine the relationship between aneurysm size and the volume of subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). METHODS: One hundred consecutive patients who presented with acute SAH, which was diagnosed on the basis of a computerized tomography (CT) scan within 24 hours postictus and, subsequently, confirmed ...
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