Search Results
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Sviri Gill E - - 2004
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The clinical and hemodynamic impacts of basilar artery (BA) vasospasm (VS) after aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) are ill-defined. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the relationship between BA-VS and regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF) with posterior circulation after aneurysmal SAH. METHODS: Daily transcranial Doppler ...
Ryan Max F - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the use of emergent dynamic intravenous contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CT) in the diagnosis of active arterial extravasation in patients admitted to hospital after blunt abdominal trauma. METHODS: Four-hundred and ninety-eight consecutive emergent contrast-enhanced computed tomographic images of the abdomen and pelvis were retrospectively reviewed. The presence of ...
Krishnaney Ajit A - - 2004
A case of acute subdural hematoma over the tentorium secondary to rupture of an anterior communicating artery aneurysm is reported. A 42-year-old female patient presented with acute-onset, severe bifrontal and retro-orbital headache. CT revealed only symmetric thickening of the tentorium. MR imaging revealed the presence of a 10-mm anterior communicating ...
Biondi Alessandra - - 2004
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Cerebral vasospasm remains a major problem in patients recovering from aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage despite advances in medical, surgical, and endovascular care. Our purpose was to assess the efficacy of intra-arterial nimodipine, a calcium-channel blocker acting mainly on cerebral vessels, in preventing delayed neurologic deficits in patients with ...
Song Zhi - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To set up a new grading system of intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH) and determine the value of predicting the probability of post-hemorrhagic hydrocephalus (PHH) in IVH. METHODS: We first modified the Graeb criteria, then compared the value of prediction for PHH assessed by the Graeb criteria with the modified Graeb ...
Slowik Agnieszka - - 2004
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Evidence exists in support of a role of genetic factors in susceptibility to aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) in humans. Meta-analysis of 2 previous studies showed that the I allele of angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) gene insertion/deletion (I/D) polymorphism was a weak, but significant, risk factor for aneurysmal SAH. ...
Muroi C - - 2004
INTRODUCTION: In clinical practice, the occurrence of aneurysmal subarachnoid haemorrhage (SAH) often coincides with a particular season. Our objective was to examine seasonal variations in hospital admissions due to aneurysmal SAH. METHODS: The study population consisted of 489 patients with aneurysmal SAH who were admitted to the Department of Neurosurgery, ...
Behari Sanjay - - 2004
Basilar artery (BA) aplasia when unaccompanied by a primitive carotid-vertebrobasilar anastomosis is exceedingly rare. The association of BA aplasia with two aneurysms on the dominant posterior communicating artery (PCoA) has not been previously reported. This 40-year-old man presented in a state of drowsiness and responded to simple commands only after ...
Friedman Jonathan A - - 2004
Carotid angioplasty and stenting (CAS) has emerged as an alternative treatment of carotid stenosis for patients poorly suited for endarterectomy. Intracerebral hemorrhage following carotid revascularization is rare and thought to be related to hyperperfusion injury in most cases. Early experience suggests an increased incidence of hemorrhage following CAS as compared ...
Wong J S - - 2004
This is a prospective study conducted from February 2000 to July 2002 in a single neurosurgeon neurosurgical service in the state of Sarawak, Malaysia. There were 66 cases of subarachnoid hemorrhage or intracranial aneurysm presenting to this hospital over the study period. Fifty cases had their aneurysms clipped. Eighty percent ...
Elgamal Essam A - - 2004
INTRODUCTION: Primary subarachnoid hemorrhage is rare in infancy. A bleeding arterial aneurysm as its cause is even less frequent. A review of the literature turned up 85 cases of cerebral aneurysm that occurred in the 1st year of life, 63 of them presenting with subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). CASE REPORT: The ...
Khurana Vini G - - 2004
Rupture of an intracranial aneurysm (subarachnoid hemorrhage) is a potentially devastating condition frequently complicated by delayed cerebral ischemia from sustained contraction of intracranial arteries (cerebral vasospasm). There is mounting evidence linking the formation of intracranial aneurysms and the pathogenesis of post-subarachnoid hemorrhage vasospasm to aberrant bioavailability and action of the ...
Hendryk Stanislaw - - 2004
Cytokines play a key role in mutual influence of the immunological, endocrine and CNS systems. It has been proven that proinflammatory ILs may intensify the cascade of biochemical changes in ischemic brain damage. Vasospasm, which may accompany SAH and often coexists with symptoms of DINDs, is the cause of ischemic ...
Mizutani Tohru - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: This was a pathological study to investigate the healing process for cerebral dissecting aneurysms presenting with subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). METHODS: Thirteen dissecting aneurysms that presented with SAH were obtained from 13 patients. Nine aneurysms arose from the vertebral artery, two arose from the anterior cerebral artery, one arose from ...
Heran Navraj S - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Cerebral vasospasm adversely impacts the outcome of those suffering aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). Prediction of vasospasm could improve outcomes. We hypothesized that preclinical vasospasm would be heralded by an increase in cerebral oxygen extractions (AVDO2) which could be detected by jugular bulb oximetry. A pilot study was conducted to ...
Khaw A V - - 2004
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The goal of this study was to analyze the association of hemorrhagic presentation with infratentorial brain arteriovenous malformations (AVMs). METHODS: The 623 consecutive, prospectively enrolled patients from the Columbia AVM Databank were analyzed in a cross-sectional study. Clinical presentation (diagnostic event) was categorized as intracranial hemorrhage or ...
Hartmann M - - 2004
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Cerebral hyperperfusion syndrome with intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) following carotid angioplasty and stent placement (CAS) of the internal carotid artery (ICA) is well known. We report the occurrence of fatal subarachnoid hemorrhage in a patient undergoing CAS. CASE REPORT: A 77-year-old woman experiencing a left-hemispheric transient ischemic attack ...
Carvi y Nievas Mario - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Cerebral vein thrombosis associated with aneurysmal subarachnoid bleeding is an uncommon event rarely described in the literature. We report here a case and summarize the problems in the management of this patient. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 48-year-old female suffered from two episodes of severe headache and vomiting 7 days before ...
Kim Dong Joon - - 2003
The primary objective for the treatment of arteriovenous malformations (AVM) of the brain is to reduce the risk of hemorrhage. The risk of hemorrhage is known to increase with the presence of an aneurysm associated with AVM. The purpose of this report is to describe the development of visual complications ...
Takeda Shigeki - - 2003
Six autopsy cases of subcortical hematoma caused by CAA were examined to elucidate the primary site of hemorrhage. Immunohistochemistry for amyloid beta-protein (A beta) revealed extensive CAA in the intrasulcal meningeal vessels rather than in the cerebral cortical vessels. All of the examined cases had multiple hematomas in the subarachnoid ...
Yanagihara Chie - - 2003
Hemorrhagic stroke is a complication of infectious endocarditis (IE), and severe hemorrhage accompanies Staphylococcus aureus IE during early uncontrolled infection. However, subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) or subdural hematoma is rare. A case of S. aureus IE associated with SAH and subdural hematoma in the early stage is reported. A 54-year-old man ...
Polmear A - - 2003
The aim of this systematic review was to determine the incidence of sentinel headache reported by patients with aneurysmal subarachnoid haemorrhage, and whether they are likely to be due to recall bias or to misdiagnosis of a previous haemorrhage. Nine studies of good quality, which reported the number of patients ...
Ohta Takashi - - 2003
A 50-year-old previously healthy woman presented with symptoms of subarachnoid hemorrhage. Initial cerebral angiography did not determine the site of the hemorrhage but repeat angiography disclosed an aneurysm-like image, probably in the medial posterior choroidal artery (PChA). Selective angiography performed using a microcatheter technique clearly revealed two medial PChAs arising ...
Hagiwara Akiyoshi - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine predictors of death in patients with pelvic fracture whose pelvic arterial hemorrhage is controlled successfully by transcatheter arterial embolization (TAE). METHODS: From January 1996 to December 2000, 61 patients with a pelvic fracture who had pelvic arterial hemorrhage were treated at ...
Aiba Toyotaka - - 2003
Two cases of complete unilateral oculomotor nerve palsy occurred after subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) due to a ruptured anterior communicating artery aneurysm. A 61-year-old female suffered left oculomotor nerve paresis after mild SAH. This paresis was probably related to pre-existing oculomotor nerve stretching caused by abnormal positioning of the posterior cerebral ...
Todaka Tatemi - - 2003
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: To clarify hemodynamic risk factors for hemorrhage in arteriovenous malformations (AVMs), the mean transit time (MTT) of feeding arteries and draining veins in AVMs with and without hemorrhage was measured and analyzed. METHODS: Morphological features such as the number and diameter of draining and feeding vessels and ...
Bayar M Akif - - 2003
This study investigated the effects of Ginkgo biloba extract (EGb-76l), an anti-oxidant and platelet-activating factor antagonist, on basilar artery vasospasm in an experimental canine subarachnoid hemorrhage model. Morphometric analyses were performed, and serum and cerebrospinal fluid endothelin-l levels were measured by radioimmunoassay. Comparisons were made between treated and untreated groups. ...
Slensky Kimberly A - - 2003
A 7-year-old spayed female Labrador Retriever was referred because of progressive swelling and bruising of the neck, hemothorax, a possible mediastinal mass, and stridor. At the time of admission, the dog was recumbent, mentally dull, tachycardic, and hypothermic. Fluid therapy with hydroxyethyl starch and a balanced electrolyte solution was administered ...
Russell Stephen M - - 2003
OBJECT: The goal of this study was to determine the relationship between aneurysm size and the volume of subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). METHODS: One hundred consecutive patients who presented with acute SAH, which was diagnosed on the basis of a computerized tomography (CT) scan within 24 hours postictus and, subsequently, confirmed ...
Lorsheyd A - - 2003
The purpose of this study was to determine the value of the ECG in subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) in predicting poor outcome, and to define if specific ECG changes are related to the location of the aneurysm in SAH. A retrospective cohort study was performed on 97 patients with symptoms of ...
Schwarte Lothar A - - 2003
Cardiocirculatory arrest can be induced by adenosine and maintained over several minutes by application of high positive end-expiratory pressure to allow surgical control of a near hemorrhage from a large ruptured artery.
Vlychou Marianna - - 2003
BACKGROUND: The primitive hypoglossal artery (PHA) is a rare vascular anomaly, which belongs to the group of carotid-basilar anastomosis that may occur in adults. CASE PRESENTATION: Herein is presented a case of a patient with a PHA, who had undergone a cerebral angiography due to investigation of subarachnoid hemorrhage. Additionally, ...
Kawanishi Masahiro - - 2003
We report a rare case of posterior communicating artery occlusion mimicking a cerebral aneurysm. A 62-year-old man was admitted to Towakai Hospital with sudden onset of left motor weakness. He had developed thunderclap headache five days before. Computed tomographic scan and lumbar tap were negative for subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). Digital ...
Lang Zhenwei - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To study the pathological characteristics of severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) and its relationship to clinical manifestation. METHODS: Tissue specimens from 3 autopsies of probable SARS cases were studied by microscope, and the clinical data was reviewed. RESULTS: The typical pathological changes of lungs were diffuse hemorrhaging on the ...
Daeubler Bernd - - 2003
PURPOSE: To describe the anatomical variations of the corona mortis, a vascular anomaly that may lead to dangerous hemorrhage and possible death. CASE REPORT: A 46-year-old male cyclist was involved in a collision with a car, during which he sustained fractures to the left ribs and pelvic ring. Abdominal ultrasound ...
Djokic Vesna - - 2003
Ruptures of arteries of the vertebrobasilary system are relatively frequent in medicolegal practice, and their origin may be both natural and violent. Tears that affects the whole thickness of the basilar artery cause subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH), with an often rapid fatal outcome. 1-3 However, in some situations, arterial tears may ...
Holodny Andrei I - - 2003
We describe a case of an actively bleeding aneurysm demonstrated by CT angiography (CTA). The active hemorrhage was characterized by a nebulous attenuation in the subarachnoid space adjacent to the aneurysm. The measurements (HU) of the hemorrhage were equal to or slightly less than those of the contrast material in ...
Yamaguchi Satoshi - - 2003
BACKGROUND: A case of spinal subdural hematoma (SSDH) following subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) because of a ruptured internal carotid aneurysm is described. Such a case has never been reported. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 52-year-old woman underwent a craniotomy for a ruptured internal carotid aneurysm. A computed tomography scan showed that SAH existed ...
Allan James S - - 2003
TIF is a rare and often fatal complication of tracheostomy. Bleeding from the trachea after tracheostomy demands urgent investigation. Bronchoscopy is the diagnostic procedure of choice. Bedside control of hemorrhage by cuff overinflation or by digital arterial compression can be lifesaving. Prompt operation with division of the innominate artery and ...
Mack William J - - 2003
OBJECT: Elevated intracranial pressure (ICP) is an important consequence of aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) that often results in decreased cerebral perfusion and secondary clinical decline. No definitive guidelines exist regarding methods and techniques for ICP management following aneurysm rupture. The authors describe monitoring practices and outcome data in 621 patients ...
Schwartz Theodore H - - 2003
Spontaneous non-aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) centered in the quadrigeminal cistern has been proposed as a variant of perimesencephalic non-aneurysmal SAH (PNSH). Some authors contest the existence of this entity, claiming it results either from head trauma or an undiscovered P2-P3 aneurysm, and conclude that all PNSH arise in front of ...
Hoelper Bernd Manfred - - 2003
OBJECTIVE AND IMPORTANCE: The effect of transluminal balloon angioplasty on cerebral biochemical monitoring during treatment of severe cerebral vasospasm after subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) was investigated. CLINICAL PRESENTATION: In a 36-year-old man, an anterior communicating artery aneurysm caused an SAH (Hunt and Hess Grade IV, Fisher Grade III). After clipping, intraparenchymal ...
Ali Arshad - - 2003
The use of platelet glycoprotein (GP) IIb/IIIa inhibitors in patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention has resulted in an impressive reduction in adverse events. Pulmonary hemorrhage is a rare but potentially lethal complication of antithrombotic and antiplatelet therapy. We analyzed the incidence of spontaneous pulmonary hemorrhage following the use of platelet ...
Alén Jose F - - 2003
OBJECT: Some authors have questioned the need to perform cerebral angiography in patients presenting with a benign clinical picture and a perimesencephalic pattern of subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) on initial computerized tomography (CT) scans, because the low probability of finding an aneurysm does not justify exposing patients to the risks of ...
Bulsara Ketan R - - 2003
OBJECT: Differentiating myocardial infarction (MI) from reversible neurogenic left ventricular dysfunction (stunned myocardium [SM]) associated with aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) is critical for early surgical intervention. The authors hypothesized that the cardiac troponin (cTn) trend and/or echocardiogram could be used to differentiate between the two entities. METHODS: A retrospective study ...
Aihara Yasuo - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: Vasospasm after subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) may result from hemoglobin-mediated removal of nitric oxide (NO) from the arterial wall. We tested the ability of the long-acting, water-soluble, NO donor (Z)-1-[N-(2-aminoethyl)-N-(2-ammonioethyl)amino]diazen-1-1,2-diolate (DETA/NO), delivered via continuous intracisternal infusion, to prevent vasospasm in a nonhuman primate model of SAH. METHODS: First, vasorelaxation in ...
Lindgaard Lars - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: The incidence of subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) and intracranial aneurysm (IA) has been reported to be higher in Greenlandic Inuits than in Caucasian Danes, but the rate of familial aggregation in Inuits is unknown. METHODS: This study retrospectively compared the rate of familial aggregation of SAH and IA (at least ...
Hara Naoto - - 2003
Two clinical cases in which ischemic optic neuropathy (ION) occurred after subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) are reported. Hemorrhage in the proximity of the optic chiasm was confirmed in 2 cases following rupture of an anterior communicating artery aneurysm. Optic disk atrophy with excavation and permanent visual field defect (altitudinal superior hemianopia) ...
Murakami Kensuke - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Intracranial dissecting aneurysms have been associated with subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) or cerebral ischemia. We encountered a patient presenting with simultaneous subarachnoid hemorrhage and brainstem infarction caused by a dissecting aneurysm of the vertebrobasilar artery, which was diagnosed by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) but did not show abnormal findings on ...
Flanagan Dennis - - 2003
Penetration of the mandibular cortex during dental implant surgery may damage 3 important arteries and could lead to life-threatening circumstances. To lessen the likelihood of lateral angulations and cortical perforations, dental implants of less than 14 mm may be considered for the mandible. The courses of the inferior alveolar, facial, ...
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