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García Eulogio E Hospital Universitario Madrid Montepríncipe, Madrid, Spain. - - 2014
A left main stem bifurcation lesion (Medina 1,0,0) treated with a single Axxess stent through radial access is presented. Although the use of this stent in left main stenosis is off label, in selected cases it may simplify the technique, avoiding the use of additional overlapping stents and ensuring the ...
Evensen Kristin K Department of Neurology, Oslo University Hospital Rikshospitalet, Nydalen, Oslo, - - 2014
Multipurpose ultrasound probes combined with ultra-mobile ultrasound instrumentation have the potential to increase the availability and use of ultrasound examinations in the assessment of atherosclerotic burden and cardiac disease. The aim of this study was to compare the agreement of a newly developed multipurpose probe to a standard linear carotid ...
Tegler Gustaf G Department of Surgical Sciences, Section of Vascular Surgery, Uppsala University , Uppsala , - - 2014
Abstract Objective. The aetiology and early pathophysiological mechanisms of aortic aneurysm formation are still unknown and challenging to study in vivo. Positron emission tomography (PET) is a potentially valuable instrument for non-invasive in vivo pathophysiological studies. No specific tracer to identify the pathophysiological process of aneurysmal dilatation is yet available, ...
Chadha Preet S PS From the Division of Biomedical Sciences, Pharmacology and Cell Physiology Research Group, St George's University of London, London, United Kingdom (P.S.C., T.A.J., G.C., J.B.S., I.A.G.); and The Smooth Muscle Research Group, Department of Physiology and Pharmacology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta, Canada (H.-L.Z., - - 2014
Middle cerebral artery (MCA) diameter is regulated by inherent myogenic activity and the effect of potent vasodilators such as calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP). Previous studies showed that MCAs express KCNQ1, 4, and 5 potassium channel genes, and the expression products (Kv7 channels) participate in the myogenic control of MCA diameter. ...
Yau Jonathan W JW School of Biomedical Engineering, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON, - - 2014
Central venous catheter thrombosis can cause venous obstruction and pulmonary embolism. To determine the extent to which catheter thrombosis is triggered by the contact or extrinsic pathway of coagulation, we used antisense oligonucleotides (ASOs) to selectively knockdown factor (f) XII, fXI, or high-molecular-weight kininogen (HK), key components of the contact ...
Shen Shih-Chieh SC Department of Neurosurgery, Triservice General Hospital Songshan Branch, - - 2014
Treatment of a dural arteriovenous fistula (AVF), which is difficult to access by either the surgical or endovascular approach, is challenging. A hybrid technique, combining a microsurgical approach and endovascular embolization, can provide less invasive management of dural AVFs in a modern neurosurgical hybrid operating suite. We present a case ...
Eguchi Seiichiro S Department of Neurosurgery, Tokyo Women's Medical University, Tokyo, - - 2014
Endoscopic third ventriculostomy (ETV) is a simplified treatment relative to shunting for several types of hydrocephalus. The fatal complication of ETV is intraoperative hemorrhage due to arterial injury of the basilar artery, posterior cerebral arteries, and their perforators. Here, we present a modified technique of ETV by using a transendoscopic ...
Shen Shih-Chieh SC Department of Neurosurgery, Triservice General Hospital Songshan Branch, - - 2014
Treatment of a dural arteriovenous fistula (AVF), which is difficult to access by either the surgical or endovascular approach, is challenging. A hybrid technique, combining a microsurgical approach and endovascular embolization, can provide less invasive management of dural AVFs in a modern neurosurgical hybrid operating suite. We present a case ...
Shehata Islam A - - 2013
To investigate the feasibility and acute safety of targeting atherosclerotic plaques by high-intensity-focused ultrasound (US) in vivo through a noninvasive extracorporeal approach. Four swine were included in this prospective study, three of which were familial hypercholesterolemic swine. The procedure was done under general anesthesia. After US identification of atherosclerotic plaques ...
Watanabe Yoshiki - - 2013
We report a new hybrid aortic arch repair procedure for the treatment of extensive thoracic aortic aneurysms involving the ascending aorta, arch, and descending aorta. In the first stage of this procedure, a "double-barrel tube graft" was inserted into the ascending aorta and fixed to the sinotubular junction under short-duration ...
Christopoulos Dimitrios C - - 2013
Severe stenosis of both the internal carotid and the innominate arteries is a rare condition. Hybrid procedures combining carotid endarterectomy and retrograde endovascular innominate angioplasty have been introduced to reduce the complications of open surgery. The recently reported good results of carotid angioplasty and stenting have encouraged us to perform ...
Koike Yuya - - 2013
Endovascular repair of the coverage from the common iliac artery to the external iliac artery after the internal iliac artery embolization has been proven to be a safe and effective treatment in isolated iliac artery aneurysms. But in cases in which the diameter of the proximal sealing zone is larger ...
Palekar Rohun U - - 2013
The goal of the present work was to design and test an acute-use nanoparticle-based antithrombotic agent that exhibits sustained local inhibition of thrombin without requiring a systemic anticoagulant effect to function against acute arterial thrombosis. To demonstrate proof of concept, we functionalized the surface of liposomes with multiple copies of ...
Lu Shu Y - - 2013
The rate of complications directly related to invasive monitors during liver transplantation (LT) was reviewed in 1206 consecutive adult LTs performed over 8.6 yr (1/1/2004-7/31/2012). The designated anesthesiologists placed intra-operative monitors, including two arterial catheters (via the radial and the right femoral arteries), central venous catheters (a 9 Fr. catheter and ...
Miyachi Hiroki - - 2013
Intimal hyperplasia is a major obstacle to patency in grafted veins. Although migration and proliferation of vascular smooth muscle cells (SMCs) pivotally affect the vascular remodeling process, no therapy has been established to prevent intimal hyperplasia of vein grafts. We previously reported that the actin-binding protein Girdin crucially affects arterial ...
Hagisawa Kohsuke - - 2013
BACKGROUND: External low frequency ultrasound (USD) in combination with microbubbles has been reported to recanalize thrombotically occluded arteries in animal models. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to examine the enhancing effect of thrombus-targeted bubble liposome (BL) developed for fresh thrombus imaging during ultrasonic thrombolysis. METHODS: In vitro: After ...
Yin Yujia - - 2013
PURPOSE: In this paper, a novel liposomal formulation of paclitaxel modified with octaarginine (R8) was fabricated and the therapeutic efficacy of it on pulmonary arterial hypertension was evaluated. METHODS: Octaarginine-modified stealth liposomes loaded with PTX (R8-PTX-LIP) were prepared and characterized. Vector cytoxicity and anti-proliferation ability of different formulations on primary ...
Grassi G - - 2013
The thickening of the vessel wall (intimal hyperplasia) is a pathological process which often follows re-vascularization approaches such as transluminal angioplasty and artery bypass graft, procedures used to re-vascularize stenotic artery. Despite the significant improvements in the treatment of intimal hyperplasia obtained in the last years, the problem has not ...
Lee J H - - 2013
Carotid artery pseudoaneurysm is a rare complication from placement of an internal jugular triple lumen catheter. Endovascular stenting is the favored treatment option in the setting of traumatic carotid injury. In other parts of the body, specifically the femoral artery, thrombin injection has become the standard of care. We intend ...
Nonaka Michihito - - 2013
A rare case of an aneurysmal Kommerell's diverticulum in a right-sided aortic arch was successfully treated using a hybrid procedure comprising total arch replacement and percutaneous stent grafting. A 65-year-old man with dysphagia was diagnosed with an ectatic right-sided aortic arch and a saccular aneurysm of the Kommerell's diverticulum. Since ...
De Backer Lynn - - 2013
Aim: Topical administration of siRNA nanocarriers is a promising approach in the treatment of pulmonary disorders. Pulmonary surfactant, covering the entire alveolar surface of mammalian lungs, will be one of the first interfaces that siRNA nanocarriers encounter upon inhalation therapy. Therefore, it is of outstanding importance to evaluate the impact ...
Hu Chuanxian - - 2013
Percutaneous closure of secundum atrial septal defects (ASDs) with atrial septal occluders (ASOs) avoids sternotomy and cardiopulmonary bypass, and thus is commonly preferred to open heart surgery. However, rare reports of dislocation of the ASO into the systemic circulation do exist. We report the use of an emergent hybrid procedure ...
Lin Che-An - - 2013
Simultaneous mycotic aortic aneurysms are a rare but life-threatening complication. We describe the technique of one stage hybrid open debranching and endovascular repair using three thoracic stent-graft devices deployed to cover the whole aorta to exclude multiple mycotic aneurysms.
Hossfeld S - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: One procedure to treat stenotic coronary arteries is the percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA). In recent years, drug eluting stents (DES) have demonstrated elaborate ways to improve outcomes of intravascular interventions. To enhance DESs, the idea has evolved to design stents that elute specific small interfering RNA (siRNA) for ...
Mayasari Dyah Samti - - 2013
Modifications of proteoglycans, subendothelial retention of low-density lipoproteins (LDL) and their subsequent oxidation initiate the development of atherosclerosis. Therefore, detection of lipoprotein entrapment in the arterial wall is an important feature for the analysis of the mechanisms of atherosclerosis. The administration of fluorescent-labeled LDL in vivo is a breakthrough way ...
Honda Tsuyoshi T Department of Cardiology, Cardiovascular Center, National Hospital Organization Kumamoto Medical Center, - - 2013
We report two cases of successful percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) using a 4-in-3 "Slender Mother and Child" PCI technique. In both cases, coronary angiography revealed severe stenosis of the right coronary artery (RCA). In both cases, 5-Fr sheathless guiding catheters were inserted into the RCA (virtual 3-Fr PCI) but stents ...
Xiong Jian-Qun - - 2012
PURPOSE.: To assess the benefits of using a low-frequency convex probe and detecting ophthalmic artery blood flow for the differential diagnosis of occlusion from severe stenosis of the internal carotid artery (ICA). METHODS.: A total of 103 patients were enrolled and had three sequential examinations by an experienced sonographer. First, ...
Shih Yu-Tung - - 2012
BACKGROUND AND IMPORTANCE:: Although medical treatment has been considered a dogma for chronic total occlusion (CTO) of the carotid artery, use of endovascular recanalization has also been reported. However, there are some difficulties in performing endovascular recanalization. We present the novel technical details and advantages of hybrid surgery for recanalization ...
Wickramasekera Nadi T NT Department of Physiology and Cardiovascular Research Center, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, Wisconsin, - - 2013
The present study examined the role of the dual-specificity protein phosphatase-5 (DUSP-5) in the pressure-induced myogenic responses of organ-cultured cerebral arterial segments. In these studies, we initially compared freshly isolated and organ-cultured cerebral arterial segments with respect to responses to step increases in intravascular pressure, vasodilator and vasoconstrictor stimuli, activities ...
Kalejs Martins M Riga Stradins University, Riga, Latvia. - - 2013
Little is known about the stent deformability required for optimal stented heart valve bioprosthesis design. Therefore, two bioprosthetic valves with known good long-term clinical results were tested. The strain in the radial direction of the stent posts of these valves was compared with contemporary bioprosthetic valves and a native porcine ...
Xiong Jian-Qun - - 2012
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: Previous research has determined that carotid abnormalities (CAs) are partly located >3 cm above the carotid bifurcation. However, identifying CAs occurring in this location using high-frequency linear probes is difficult. The aim of this study was to explore the efficacy of a combination of high-frequency and low-frequency ...
Kasi Venkatesh - - 2012
The incidence of varicose veins in lower limbs is increasing in the Indian subcontinent. With the advent of radiofrequency ablation (RFA), an effective minimally invasive technique is now available to treat varicose veins. RFA can be performed with either unipolar or bipolar probes. We present a simple technique for bipolar ...
Ma Bong Oh - - 2012
Loeys-Dietz syndrome (LDS) is a rare genetic disorder with an autosomal dominant inheritance due to mutations in the transforming growth factor beta-receptor type 1 or type 2. The disease is characterised by the triad of hypertelorism, bifid uvula or cleft palate, arterial tortuosity and aortic aneurysms. These phenotypic characteristics distinguish ...
Luciani Nicola - - 2012
The optimal cannulation site in repair of DeBakey type I aortic dissection is controversial, and malperfusion during cardiopulmonary bypass is facilitated by retrograde flow. We propose the use of a long arterial cannula through the femoral artery to achieve a proximal antegrade perfusion. The tip of the cannula is placed ...
Zhang Guang-Wei - - 2012
Para-aortic counterpulsation device (PACD) is a promising therapy for severe heart failure (HF). However, the lack of knowledge about mechanisms has limited its clinical application. The aim of this study was to investigate the optimal timing algorithms. At the following four triggering algorithms, pre-R-wave-deflation and dicrotic notch-inflation (PD), pre-R-wave-deflation and ...
Callaghan Michael Andrew - - 2012
A six week old infant underwent ventricular septal defect and atrial septal defect closure. Preoperative echocardiography showed evidence of pulmonary hypertension. The post operative course was complicated failure to wean from ventilatory and inotropic support. Echocardiography showed severe left ventricular (LV) dysfunction and suggested some fistulous drainage of the left ...
Burnside Nathan - - 2012
We report an unusual case of a giant right coronary artery aneurysm, measuring 15 cm in diameter, in a 76-year old woman. The aneurysm was initially identified when the patient was investigated for signs of congestive cardiac failure with a computed tomography scan of her thorax; at this stage, the lesion ...
Brockbank Kelvin G M - - 2012
The purpose of this study was evaluation of an ice-free cryopreservation method for heart valves in an allogeneic juvenile pulmonary sheep implant model and comparison with traditionally frozen cryopreserved valves. Hearts of 15 crossbred Whiteface sheep were procured in Minnesota. The valves were processed in South Carolina and the pulmonary ...
Chueamuangphan Nonlawan - - 2012
To explore clinical indicators for pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) in thalassemia (Thal). A study was conducted in thalassemia patients at Chiang Rai Hospital, Chiang Rai, Thailand. Pulmonary artery systolic pressure (PASP) was determined by doppler echocardiography and PAH was defined as PASP > 35 mmHg. Patient characteristics were extracted from ...
Lunder Mojca - - 2012
The arterial wall possesses several functional and structural properties that define arterial health. Once they become impaired, cardiovascular risk increases. We aimed to ascertain the pattern of correlations among different arterial wall properties and to explore their relations to traditional risk factors and cardiovascular risk stratification. To allow such an ...
Weyrich Pierre - - 2012
We report the first case of extended-spectrum beta-lactamase producing E. coli community-acquired meningitis complicated with multiple aortic mycotic aneurysms. Because of the acute aneurysm expansion with possible impending rupture on 2 abdominal CT scan, the patient underwent prompt vascular surgery and broad spectrum antibiotic therapy but he died of a ...
Myerson Saul G - - 2012
Cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) has become a valuable investigative tool in many areas of cardiac medicine. Its value in heart valve disease is less well appreciated however, particularly as echocardiography is a powerful and widely available technique in valve disease. This review highlights the added value that CMR can bring ...
Habets Jesse - - 2012
Patients with prosthetic heart valves may require assessment for coronary artery disease. We assessed whether valve artefacts hamper coronary artery assessment by multidetector CT. ECG-gated or -triggered CT angiograms were selected from our PACS archive based on the presence of prosthetic heart valves. The best systolic and diastolic axial reconstructions ...
Munakata Mamoru - - 2011
A 74-year-old man underwent aortic valve replacement due to aortic regurgitation after two months of medication for congestive heart failure. At surgery, the cause of the aortic regurgitation appeared to be dehiscence of an aortic valve commissure. Dehiscence was closed with mattress sutures from outside of the sinus. Dehiscence of ...
Poterucha Joseph T - - 2011
Patients with congenital d-transposition of the great arteries (d-TGA) undergoing palliative atrial baffle surgery in infancy often develop systemic ventricular failure in adulthood. If they undergo cardiac transplantation, they are prone to morphologic right ventricular (RV) failure secondary to severe pulmonary hypertension as a result of systemic ventricular failure. We ...
Shetty Ashwin - - 2012
The rate of arteriovenous fistula (AVF) placement continues to rise and AVF failure is a major complication. The main cause of AVF failure is stenosis leading to thrombosis. Although the detection of early stenosis with preemptive correction prior to thrombosis seems to be a plausible option to prevent access failure, ...
Jux C - - 2011
Percutaneous pulmonary valve implantation (PPVI) has been established as a valuable treatment option for elder children and adolescents with conduit failure in the right ventricular outflow tract (RVOT). Transcatheter valve implantation in the tricuspid position is restriced to single case reports. A 26 year-old male initially diagnosed with tetralogy of ...
Mao Michael - - 2011
Outcome of bioprosthetic valve replacement in the tricuspid position in patients with kidney failure is unknown. The authors describe a case of accelerated bioprosthetic tricuspid valve calcification leading to critical stenosis in a patient on chronic dialysis and with poorly controlled hyperparathyroidism. He required a second valve replacement in less ...
Son Seung Kook - - 2011
Son SK, Oh SH, Kim KM, Lee YJ, Jhang WK, Park SJ, Shin HJ, Park J-J, Kim TH, Kim DY, Hwang S, Park K-M, Lee Y-J, Lee S-G. Successful liver transplantation following veno-arterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation in a child with fulminant Wilson disease and severe pulmonary hemorrhage: A case report. ...
Pockett Charissa R - - 2011
Anomalies of the innominate vein are uncommon in congenital cardiac disease. We report a case of duplicate innominate veins forming a vascular ring encircling the ascending aorta. We postulate that this vascular ring represents the failure of both a dorsal and ventral precardinal anastomosis to regress.
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