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Results 401 - 450 of 612
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Fujii T - - 1993
A case of retroperitoneal haematoma due to a ruptured microaneurysm of the posterior superior pancreaticoduodenal artery in a 61 year old man is described. Ultrasonography and computed tomography revealed cystic masses near the gall-bladder. Selective coeliac angiography disclosed a microaneurysm of the posterior superior pancreaticoduodenal artery. Surgical extirpation of the ...
Sakai K - - 1993
Left ventricular (LV) free wall rupture complicated with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) usually occurs in the early phase of AMI. True aneurysm of the LV is sometimes a complication of AMI but rarely ruptures. In our patient, a 72-year-old woman, the LV free wall ruptured on Day 49 after the ...
Schramm J - - 1993
The incidence of intraoperative aneurysm rupture (IAR) was studied in a consecutive personal series of 222 patients operated on for a ruptured intracranial aneurysm. In 77 patients subjected to early surgery (operation within 72 h after rupture) IAR was 40.2% and in 145 patients with surgery after 72 h IAR ...
Hüttenbrink K B - - 1993
Manipulating the mobile stapes is a central procedure during tympanoplasty, i.e., mounting a prosthesis onto the stapedial head or dissecting cholesteatoma matrix off the oval window niche. An excessive displacement of the stapedial suprastructure as caused by these manipulations with hand-held instruments might result in a rupture of the annular ...
Geppert M J - - 1993
Subcutaneous rupture of the tibialis anterior tendon is an uncommon condition for which the etiology is unclear. The existence of a hypovascular zone has been proposed as an etiology for rupture of the tibialis anterior tendon. To investigate this possibility, the microvascular anatomy of the tibialis anterior tendon was studied ...
Williams D M - - 1993
Acute traumatic aortic rupture is a lethal injury and requires immediate diagnosis and surgical repair. The standard of diagnosis for aortic rupture is aortography. In patients in whom the angiographic findings of rupture are subtle or uncertain, intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) imaging of the descending aorta has been useful in confirming ...
Brearley S - - 1993
Patients with Ehlers-Danlos syndrome type IV have thin walled, friable arteries and veins and are prone to spontaneous arterial rupture. We present a patient who suffered severe damage to the common femoral vein during surgery for varicose veins and who subsequently suffered a spontaneous rupture of the right external carotid ...
Atar D - - 1993
In 50 patients (72 clubfeet), the posterior tibial tendon was excised during complete soft tissue clubfoot release. The end results after an average of 3 years were graded as follows: 55.5% excellent, 29.3% good, 8.3% fair, and 6.9% poor. Heel varus and forefoot adduction were the main causes for recurrence. ...
Goarin J P - - 1993
Traumatic aorta rupture survival depends on early diagnosis requiring aortography. Aortography is the "gold standard" method, but it is time-consuming and may be dangerous in trauma patients with multiple organ injuries. Transesophageal echocardiography is a noninvasive technology that can be performed at the bedside. We report two cases in which ...
O'Connor J - - 1993
Choroidal rupture resulting from ocular trauma is classified as direct or indirect, depending on the location of the lesion. Direct ruptures occur at the site of impact and are usually located anteriorly and parallel to the ora serrata; the more common indirect ruptures occur in the posterior pole and are ...
Dai B - - 1992
Leptospirosis exists in 26 of 30 provinces (exclusive of Taiwan province) in China. Up to now, a total of 18 serogroups and 70 serovars of pathogenic leptospires have been identified, including 35 serovars first found in China. A great deal of work has gone into the study of the leptospires ...
Graham A N - - 1992
The surgical management of 50 false aneurysms caused by transfemoral arterial catheterization was reviewed to document the incidence and effects of rupture before repair. Twelve false aneurysms ruptured, leading to shock in six patients, distal ischaemia in three and stroke in one. The mean(s.d.) time from catheterization to rupture was ...
Gozalo A - - 1992
A wild-caught male Aotus vociferans died spontaneously during quarantine. Histologic examination of the heart showed several small myocardial arteries replaced with fibrinoid necrosis and adjacent inflammation that included lymphocytes and large histiocytic cells. Less often, similar inflammatory foci were observed in the myocardium interstitium. The lesions observed in the heart ...
Kashiwagi S - - 1992
A case of paraplegia was due to a ruptured aneurysm of the distal posterior inferior cerebellar artery. The paraplegia was caused by a unilateral lesion located between the cervicomedullary junction and the C2 level, where it involved both crossed and uncrossed pyramidal fibres projecting to the lower extremities. Since a ...
Livesey F J - - 1992
This study examines the levels at which fresh rat ventral and dorsal C4 to T1 spinal roots rupture under traction stress. Rupture rarely occurs at the CNS-PNS transitional zone. Despite its delicate appearance this is strengthened in a number of ways, so that it is less vulnerable than the roots ...
Symbas P N - - 1992
Tracheobronchial rupture from blunt trauma is usually single and transverse but may be longitudinal or complex, a combination of various sites and forms of rupture. From 1970 to 1990, 183 cases of rupture of the airways were reported in the literature: 136 (74%) transverse, 33 (18%) longitudinal, and 14 (8%) ...
Recio R - - 1992
The mean rupture time, after its vaginal insertion, of a new modified soft jelly capsule containing nonoxynol-9 (DF-486) was investigated in 40 women. The subjects were randomly allocated to 8 study groups. The capsules remained in the vagina from 2-13 minutes. Vaginal infection, vaginal dryness, and multiparity, were recorded. Capsule ...
Baxter G M - - 1992
Ruptured urachus was found to result in uroperitoneum in a yearling Beefmaster bull. The uroperitoneum was initially believed to be attributable to ruptured bladder secondary to urolithiasis; however, catheter decompression of the bladder through an ischiatic urethrotomy did not resolve the uroperitoneum. The persistent urachus was diagnosed and removed through ...
Boström K - - 1992
Two cases are reported of rupture of posterior inferior cerebellar artery (PICA) from blunt basal head trauma. The anatomy at the site of rupture is discussed as a prerequisite for rupture. The rapid fatal course is also discussed. The authors propose that the forensic term "traumatic subarachnoid haemorrhage" ought to ...
Guadagni S - - 1992
We report herein a case of an iatrogenic superior pancreaticoduodenal arterial aneurysm which ruptured into the duodenal stump of a Billroth II partial gastrectomy. Superselective angiography was used for the diagnosis, and successful embolization performed nonoperatively. A review of the literature revealed both the etiology and site of rupture in ...
Kim P N - - 1992
Hemorrhage from ruptured hepatoma is a serious complication. Transcatheter arterial embolization (TAE) is a choice of the treatment for control of hemorrhage. But conventional angiography may be useless for detection of bleeding site from ruptured hepatoma. We report two cases of ruptured hepatoma with detection of bleeding site by Lipiodol ...
Nicely E R - - 1992
The sudden onset of pain, swelling and ecchymosis of the penis during sexual intercourse is the typical presentation of traumatic rupture of the corpus cavernosum, commonly termed fracture of the penis. We report a case of isolated traumatic rupture of the deep dorsal vein of the penis. The condition has ...
Yamaguchi N - - 1992
In order to determine the morphological characteristics of certain vascular and glomerular lesions and the correlation between them, we attempted three-dimensional observation using serial sections of an autopsy kidney, from a patient with panarteritis nodosa in the acute phase. Fibrinoid necrotizing vasculitis spread from arcuate arteries to arterioles in a ...
Williams D M - - 1992
Traumatic aortic rupture is a lethal injury that requires immediate diagnosis and surgical repair. The authors report a case of acute aortic rupture in which aortography demonstrated a subtle intimal discontinuity at the cephalic margin of the aortic spindle. Intravascular ultrasound (US) imaging of the aorta demonstrated a mural flap ...
Barrios V - - 1992
In a 35-year-old man blunt chest trauma caused rupture of the free wall of the left ventricle and the interventricular septum. Emergency pulse Doppler-2D echocardiography confirmed the clinical suspicion and immediate surgical repair was successfully undertaken. This appears to be the first reported case of survival after surgery for such ...
Pozzato C - - 1991
Between 1983 and 1989, 15 patients with acute rupture of the thoracic aorta by blunt trauma were seen. Superior mediastinal widening and obscuration of the aortic arch were the most important findings on chest radiograph. Computed tomography examinations in 7 patients showed mediastinal hematomas but did not reveal aortic lesions. ...
Tanaka Y - - 1991
The dopamine system may be involved in three situations: the nigral projection to the basal ganglia, the mesocortical projection to the anterior cingulate gyrus, or the medial forebrain bundle projection to cortical and limbic sites. Because of the close association of dopamine systems with the known neurological syndromes of akinesia, ...
Harada Y - - 1991
A 65-year-old female developed peduncular hallucinosis 3 days after rupture of a basilar-superior cerebellar artery aneurysm. There were no neurological deficits except slight anisocoria when she first complained of hallucinations. Vasospasm of the perforating arteries to the upper brainstem, rather than direct brainstem damage caused by the bleeding, was probably ...
Crane J M - - 1991
Spontaneous enterocystoplasty rupture represents a devastating and potentially fatal late complication. Previously proposed mechanisms of rupture include catheter trauma, chronic infection, avulsion of adhesions between the bowel patch and peritoneum, and chronic overdistension with elevated intravesical pressures. We have witnessed this complication 4 times in 3 patients 5 weeks to ...
Portilla E - - 1991
The technique used by our group for the extraction of the canine autoperfused heart-lung block is described. This was used in 30 dogs, having a success rate of 24 total extractions and function times from 30 minutes to 13 hours." The complications observed were: arterial rupture upon cannulation, aortic rupture ...
McNamee C J - - 1991
A new technique is described for dealing with late-presenting spontaneous esophageal ruptures. This method requires only a short period of general anesthesia to drain the periesophageal abscess by a drainage tube inserted into the abscess cavity from the esophagus with the aid of a gastroscope and fluoroscopy. Gastric fluids are ...
O'Riordain D S - - 1991
A family with autosomal dominant inheritance of sacral agenesis is described. Ten members were affected; four had associated presacral teratomas and anterior sacral meningoceles, giving rise to serious complications in three, including bacterial meningitis, local recurrence of teratoma and perianal sepsis. Three of those with presacral masses presented initially with ...
Giannotta S L - - 1991
A retrospective analysis was performed on all aneurysms operated on by one of us (SLG) from July 1980 to October 1988 to determine the factors that govern outcome from the intraoperative rupture of aneurysms. A total of 276 consecutive surgical procedures for 317 intracranial aneurysms produced 41 perioperative or intraoperative ...
Mukai S - - 1991
A 68-year-old man was admitted with congestive heart failure. He was treated with diuretics and digitalis; thereafter, the two-dimensional echocardiogram suggested a pedunculated and mobile left ventricular thrombus. He underwent surgical thrombectomy because of the high risk of systemic embolization. To our knowledge, this is the first case of dilated ...
Robbins T H - - 1991
A technique is described for reinforcing and sealing a microvascular anastomosis by using a detached vessel segment as a cuff around the anastomosis. This may allow fewer microvascular sutures to be used. This would allow a simpler, less traumatic, and more rapid repair and may allow "more vessels to be ...
Valverde A - - 1991
We report two cases of innominate artery involvement in patients with Ehlers-Danlos syndrome. In the first patient, spontaneous dissection of the innominate artery was treated successfully. In the other, the patient died of spontaneous rupture of the innominate artery in the early postoperative course after operation for aneurysm of the ...
Sutter F P - - 1991
Nineteen intra-aortic balloon (IAB) ruptures occurred in sixteen patients during a three-year period. Perforation occurred secondary to abrasion with material failure or mishandling of the device during insertion. To avoid serious sequelae, it is important to be aware of the possibility of IAB rupture and to remove any defective device ...
Tawes R L RL - - 1991
To determine the prevalence, demographics and morbidity of vein patch rupture, the authors polled members of the Western Vascular Society. Forty-eight surgeons (53% of the members) reported an experience with 23,873 carotid operations. A vein patch was used in 1,760 operations (7.4%), and rupture of the patch occurred in 13 ...
Fehér M - - 1991
The loss of ejaculation is the most serious postoperative complication of patients having stage I non-seminomatous testicular tumours. In order to preserve the capability for ejaculation even after retroperitoneal lymphadenectomy (RPA) the preservation of paravertebral sympathetic ganglia but that of the sympathetic nerves in the territory of aortic bifurcation and ...
Chanarin N - - 1991
Having had surgical repair of aortic coarctation at the age of 12 years, and re-operation at the age of 19 years for stenosis at the site of the previous repair, a 29 years old man presented as an emergency with a 24 hour history of interscapular pain, haemoptysis and collapse. ...
Walker W A - - 1990
Surgical reconstruction is the treatment for acute traumatic aortic rupture and should be accomplished immediately in most patients. In patients in whom concomitant injuries or the development of life-threatening complications preclude safe and successful aortic reconstruction, pharmacological intervention to reduce the risk of free aortic rupture may be considered. Surgical ...
Soucy P - - 1990
A 15-year-old girl presented with severe fecal peritonitis due to a large spontaneous colonic perforation. The sigmoid colon was the site of a cluster of white serosal lesions with omental adhesions, of an appearance identical to that of the edges of the perforation. Her father had died at 30 years ...
Mantello M T - - 1990
The CT appearance of mycotic abdominal aortic aneurysms leading to eventual rupture has been well described. On the other hand, ruptured nonaneurysmal bacterial aortitis has not been demonstrated in the CT literature. We present two cases with subsequent rupture documented on CT. The characteristic findings of periaortic density and adjacent ...
Moya J L - - 1990
Traumatic rupture of aorta is a serious complication in accidents, mainly road accidents, with a high mortality unless an immediate diagnosis and surgical correction is made. A case of traumatic rupture of the aorta shown in the acute phase by Doppler-echocardiography is reported. This technique can be of great value ...
van Selms W G - - 1990
A report is presented of a patient who died of a spontaneous rupture of the external iliac artery. She had had a complicated abdominal hysterectomy two years before. Light microscopy disclosed the evidence of EDS type IV, which was proven afterwards by culturing skin fibroblasts from her youngest son. The ...
Eaves C C - - 1990
A patient involved in a high-speed motor vehicle accident presented paraplegic to the emergency department. He was noted to have an abnormal chest x-ray and, subsequently, underwent aortography which revealed aortic transection. The patient's paraplegia resolved spontaneously prior to definitive aortic repair hours later. Aortic rupture presenting as paraplegia is ...
Kirker-Head C A - - 1990
An Arabian mare was referred with traumatically induced complete transection of the trachea. A temporary airway was established through the open wound at the site of the rupture. Resection of devitalized tissue including 3 tracheal ring segments, and anastomosis of the tracheal ends was subsequently performed under general anesthesia. Wound ...
Tanaka Y - - 1990
The intermediate zone (IZ) of nonperfused and perfused spleens in three species of primitive mammals (shrew, mole, platypus) was studied morphologically. The IZ is a tissue zone consisting of plexiform vessels, probably venous capillaries, and is located transitionally between the white and red pulp. The IZ is separated from the ...
Bellenot F - - 1990
Ehlers-Danlos syndrome is a connective tissue disorder characterized by skin hyperelasticity and friability, hyperextensible small articulations, vascular fragility, and ocular and visceral symptoms. Ten types of Ehlers-Danlos syndrome have been described to date. Type IV is characterized by isolated arterial involvement with the risk of rupture, making diagnosis difficult. A ...
Hermann B - - 1990
The present study deals with the question whether an insufficient vascular supply of certain areas can be made responsible for ruptures in the biceps tendon. The macroscopic and microscopic examination shows that the blood supply of the tendon in the part most prone to ruptures, that is in the bicipital ...
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