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Results 301 - 350 of 612
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Imamura A - - 2001
Ehlers-Danlos syndrome (EDS) is an inherited disorder of connective tissue characterized by hyperextensible skin, hypermobile joints, and abnormalities of the cardiovascular system. Ten types and several subtypes of EDS have so far been recognized based on genetic, clinical, and biochemical characteristics. The spectrum of the disorder varies from mild to ...
Ozergin U - - 2001
An 80-year-old male patient presented with the chief complaints of a sudden onset of pain in the right lower quadrant and constipation of 3 days' duration. In computerized tomographic examination an aneurysm of right internal iliac artery and an abnormally enlarged descending colon were seen. During an emergency operation a ...
Lloyd S - - 2000
Neurofibromatosis is a genetic condition characterized by localized over-growth of mesodermal and ectodermal tissues. Neurofibromatosis type 1 is characterized by cutaneous and skeletal abnormalities. Angiopathy is rare. We describe a new presentation of angiopathy in neurofibromatosis type 1. The patient presented with extensive bruising of the right side of her ...
Meluzín J - - 2000
We report a rare case of a ruptured papillary muscle of the anterior leaflet of the tricuspid valve and the rupture of the septal branch of the left anterior descending coronary artery with drainage into the right ventricle after blunt nonpenetrating chest wall trauma. Both abnormalities were detected by transthoracic ...
Kan C B - - 2000
A 40-year-male was admitted to our hospital after falling from a four-story height. Thoracic aortic rupture was suspected based on chest roentgenography and helical computed tomography. The patient was in the operating room within 6 hours after admission to the hospital. A median sternotomy with a left thoracotomy in the ...
Massoud T F - - 2000
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: A novel biomathematical arteriovenous malformation (AVM) model based on electric network analysis was used to investigate theoretically the potential role of intranidal hemodynamic perturbations in elevating the risk of rupture after simulated brain AVM radiosurgery. METHODS: The effects of radiation on 28 interconnected plexiform and fistulous AVM ...
Rusca M - - 2000
A case of spontaneous intercostal pulmonary hernia as a result of vigorous coughing is reported in a 67-year-old man. The great majority of acquired pulmonary hernias are post-traumatic; rare cases are spontaneous, resulting from prolonged and/or repeated increased intrathoracic pressure. This hernia was successfully repaired with a polyglactin absorbable mesh ...
Murrell Z - - 2000
Aortic rupture in association with a contiguous intraabdominal abscess is rare. We report an unusual case of aortic rupture in association with a polymicrobial abscess and review the related literature. Cultures grew Eikenella corrodens, a rare intraabdominal pathogen, as well as betahemolytic streptococcus and S. viridans. The patient was successfully ...
Pasic M - - 2000
We report a patient with traumatic aortic rupture and preoperatively unrecognized complete disruption of the bronchus for the left lower lobe. Preoperative state was complicated by inadequate oxygenation due to total atelectasis of the unventilated collapsed left lower lobe with consequent significant shunting of the unoxygenated blood. The patient had ...
Choy J L - - 2000
Melioidosis was first diagnosed in Australia in sheep in 1949. While it has been considered endemic in tropical Australia, there have been animal outbreaks in southwest Western Australia and southern Queensland. Infection occurs in many species, with both latency and a wide range of clinical manifestations. Some species may develop ...
Bailey P L - - 2000
We present a patient with rupture of both atrioventricular valves in a previously healthy adult man who sustained a 5-foot fall. The mechanism of injury was such that it would not necessarily raise an adequate index of suspicion for valvular damage had valvular rupture not occurred. The usefulness of perioperative ...
Faheem M - - 1999
An 85-year-old man with undiagnosed eventration of the left hemidiaphragm had an above-knee amputation under epidural anaesthesia. His post-operative course was stormy with two episodes of cardiovascular collapse. On the third post-operative day, rupture of the left hemidiaphragm was diagnosed, the bowel had herniated into the left hemithorax. It is ...
Golledge J - - 1999
it has been suspected that the position at which aneurysm rupture occurs would affect outcome. The aim of this prospective study was to relate the morphology of the ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm (RAAA) to the clinical characteristics and outcome of the patient. over a five-year period 46 patients with RAAAs ...
Santucci R A - - 1999
OBJECTIVES: To compare the urodynamic parameters and continence rates among five different continent urinary reservoirs. METHODS: Continent urinary reservoirs were constructed in 40 patients with an average age of 60 years (range 23 to 81). Twenty-three had orthotopic neobladders ("neobladders"), and in 17 the reservoirs exited by way of an ...
Guillem P - - 1999
We describe a case involving spontaneous retroperitoneal hematoma caused by rupture of an aneurysm of the right ovarian artery 4 days after delivery in a multiparous woman. Diagnosis was achieved by arteriography. Bleeding was stopped by embolization via selective arteriography. Hematoma was drained by lomboscopy. The pathophysiological mechanisms underlying development ...
Müller-Forell W - - 1999
Summary: We present angiographical and neuropathological data of a 51-year-old woman, who primarily suffered from a recurrent glomus temporale tumour on the left side and who finally died after a spontaneous rupture of a distal basilar aneurysm which developed during angiography. As a second important finding the existence of a ...
Celebio─člu B - - 1999
A one-year-old patient admitted following foreign body aspiration and referred following cardiopulmonary resuscitation in a local hospital was diagnosed to have tracheobronchial rupture. We first assumed puncture of the mucous membrane of the left main bronchus by the tip of the tube. Later, we thought that the rupture might have ...
Corriere J N JN - - 1999
Rupture of the bladder from external trauma is usually due to a blow to the abdomen when the bladder is distended or associated with a fractured pelvis. The diagnosis is made by performance of a retrograde cystogram and observation of contrast extravasation. An intravenous contrast study is not acceptable. All ...
Morioka T - - 1999
A 20-year-old man was involved in a fight while under the influence of alcohol. He subsequently developed an intracerebral haemorrhage in the putamen with a minimal subarachnoid haemorrhage and died. An autopsy revealed a ruptured giant saccular aneurysm of the middle cerebral artery. We believe that the blunt head injury ...
Takatori M - - 1999
A 90-year-old male, with impending rupture of an isolated internal iliac artery aneurysm (IIAA) complicated with disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) was successfully treated with transcatheter arterial embolization (TAE). After TAE, enlargement of the aneurysm was arrested and coagulation-fibrinolytic abnormalities induced by DIC improved without severe complications. Although IIAA is relatively ...
Villegas-Cabello O - - 1999
The rupture of an abdominal aortic aneurysm is one of the most feared complications confronted by cardiovascular surgeons. Such ruptures are usually catastrophic, but in some instances the rupture is posterior and remains sealed. These chronic ruptures may manifest with any of a variety of clinical presentations. This report describes ...
Hentati N - - 1999
An anatomic and radio-anatomic study of 15 specimens enabled us to reconsider the arterial vascularization of the duodenal bulb and to propose a new classification based on anatomoclinical criteria. The two arterial pedicles (infra- and supraduodenal) reach the bulb on its posterior aspect; each pedicle is made up of two ...
Houkin K - - 1999
The causes and management of intra-operative premature rupture are analysed and discussed. During the past 6 years, the authors, performed 398 consecutive direct surgical interventions for ruptured cerebral aneurysms. Intra-operative premature rupture is defined as a rupture which occurs before the securing of the parent arteries or the neck of ...
Prahlow J A - - 1998
Berry aneurysms in childhood are rare and have certain characteristics that distinguish them from their adult counterparts. A case of death caused by a ruptured berry aneurysm in a child is presented, and the topic is reviewed.
DePass I E IE Department of Surgery, Memorial University of Newfoundland, St. John's. - - 1998
A 68-year-old woman, admitted because of acute lower quadrant abdominal pain but no history of trauma, underwent laparotomy for a suspected ruptured aortic aneurysm. Exploration revealed a 20-mm longitudinal tear in the left iliac vein. The vein was repaired primarily. Her postoperative course was complicated by deep vein thrombosis. Spontaneous ...
Koshino T - - 1998
A 57-year-old woman was admitted to JR Sapporo General Hospital with the complaint of dyspnea and palpitation following photogastroscopy. A chest roentgenogram revealed a simultaneous bilateral spontaneous pneumothorax. Video-assisted thoracoscopy demonstrated multiple holes and nodules at the top of the right diaphragm and a ruptured bulla in the left lower ...
Allaire E - - 1998
Although matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are expressed in abundance in arterial aneurysms, their contribution to arterial wall degeneration, dilation, and rupture has not been determined. We investigated MMP function in a rat model of aneurysm associated with arterial dilation, elastin loss, medial invasion by mononuclear inflammatory cells, and MMP upregulation. Rupture ...
Imamura J - - 1998
A 72-year-old female presented with episodes of epistaxis. Neuroimaging demonstrated a large prolactinoma totally enclosing a large intracavernous aneurysm of the internal carotid artery. Adjacent bony structures were eroded and destroyed by tumor invasion and extension. Rupture of the intratumoral aneurysm caused fatal epistaxis rather than subarachnoid hemorrhage before surgery. ...
Pereira E R - - 1998
The presence or absence of tendon calcification was studied at six anatomic sites: Achilles, gastrocnemius, quadriceps, triceps (elbow), triceps long head (shoulder), and rotator cuff. The morphology of the calcifications was categorized in 156 patients with chondrocalcinosis in the knee. Achilles tendon, gastrocnemius, and quadriceps tendon calcifications were most common, ...
Barretta G - - 1998
Ultrasonography of the abdominal aorta should be performed as part of a complete echocardiographic study. As visualization may be difficult from the epi-mesogastric (E-M) window because of obesity or distension, we evaluated the feasibility of the right flank (RF) as an alternative acoustic window in 100 patients (62 male, 38 ...
Lloyd T W - - 1998
A 23 year old male kick boxer presented with a 24 hour history of pain and being unable to extend the interphalangeal joint of the left thumb. There was no history of trauma or any other risk factor for spontaneous rupture of the extensor pollicis longus tendon. On the previous ...
Mountney J - - 1998
We report a complex case in which the left kidney had undergone giant hydronephrotic change after chronic obstruction at the vesicoureteric junction. Minor blunt abdominal trauma caused rupture of the parenchyma of this expanded and dilated kidney, with bleeding into its collecting system. The mixture of blood and urine remained ...
Dodge A - - 1998
Tamponade from free wall rupture of the cardiac chambers following blunt thoracic trauma is relatively frequent. Diagnosis requires a high index of suspicion and is rapidly confirmed by echocardiography. Emergent surgery is always mandatory despite apparent stable vital signs. We report a successful repair of a lacerated right atrium without ...
Komborozos V A - - 1998
A case of delayed rupture of the thoracic aorta into the esophagus after blunt thoracic injury is reported. It involved a hemodynamically stable 18-year-old male patient without any clinical or radiological signs to indicate aortic injury. Aortoesophageal fistula presented in the fifth post traumatic day, with a sudden dyspnea episode, ...
Carmeliet P - - 1997
The molecular mechanisms predisposing to atherosclerotic aneurysm formation remain undefined. Nevertheless, rupture of aortic aneurysms is a major cause of death in Western societies, with few available treatments and poor long-term prognosis. Indirect evidence suggests that matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) and plasminogen activators (PAs) are involved in its pathogenesis. MMPs are ...
Swaegers M C - - 1997
A case of spontaneous rupture of the uterine artery in the third trimester of pregnancy is described. Review of the literature reveals only three similar cases. Clinical signs are sudden abdominal pain with hemodynamic collapse and a decrease in the level of hemoglobin. Treatment consists in performing a laparotomy with ...
Abraham P - - 1997
External iliac artery endofibrosis is a rare disease affecting mainly highly trained cyclists. As the disease has only recently been described, the long term spontaneous evolution of external iliac artery endofibrosis is not known. We report a suspected case of forty-year spontaneous evolution of endofibrosis in a former competition cyclist. ...
Hogan P A - - 1997
Bindii dermatitis is a distinctive eruption involving the palms, soles, elbows and knees. Most patients are young boys engaged in vigorous outdoor activities. The eruption represents a reaction to traumatic impregnation of the skin with the spine of the bindii seed. It can easily be misdiagnosed by dermatologists unfamiliar with ...
Sakuragi T - - 1997
We report a rupture of the left main-stem bronchus following the insertion of a left-sided double-lumen endobronchial tube in a 76-yr-old woman with a short trachea. A fiberoptic bronchoscope was not used during the initial insertion of the tube and the depth of insertion resulted in approximately 5 cm in ...
Sugawara Y - - 1997
An alcoholic patient with low back pain and Klebsiella pneumoniae septicaemia is reported. Computed tomography revealed abdominal aortic rupture associated with a psoas abscess. Aortic ligation above and below the rupture site and an axillo-femoral bypass were performed, but the patient died on the first postoperative day. Alcoholism is a ...
Noguchi K - - 1997
We have encountered a ruptured aneurysm as a filling defect in cisternal blood on CT in patients with acute subarachnoid haemorrhage (SAH), as high-attenuation blood can act as a contrast medium. We term this finding the "filling defect sign". To evaluate the usefulness of the sign in the diagnosis of ...
Lo M W - - 1997
PURPOSE: To describe two cases involving patients with ruptured globes in whom retrobulbar anesthesia was used successfully. METHOD: A modified retrobulbar anesthesia technique was used to repair two ruptured globes in two patients in whom general anesthesia was contraindicated. RESULT: Using a modified technique, retrobulbar anesthesia did not cause wound ...
Miura H - - 1997
The case history is presented of a 61 year old man with von Recklinghausen's disease who developed a spontaneous haemothorax. In spite of being asymptomatic for five days after drainage, he died as a result of fatal sudden re-bleeding. The post mortem examination showed dissection and rupture of the left ...
Ohata K - - 1997
Suprasellar tumors including pituitary adenomas and craniopharyngiomas, in the case of normofixed or postfixed chiasma and ruptured anterior communicating artery aneurysms in the acute stage, can be approached with minimum brain retraction, increased exposure, and safe manipulation in the shortest possible distance via biorbitofrontobasal interhemispheric approach. Fourteen patients with pituitary ...
Matsuyama T - - 1997
BACKGROUND: Several cases of acute subdural hematomas (ASDHs) due to rupture of cortical arteries are reported. They have several characteristic features: (1) their outcome is relatively good; (2) the cause is a trivial head injury; (3) patients are elderly; (4) a lucid interval is recognized; (5) hypertension is associated in ...
Józsa L - - 1997
A spontaneous rupture of a tendon may be defined as a rupture that occurs during movement and activity, that should not and usually does not damage the involved musculotendinous units (1). Spontaneous tendon ruptures were uncommon before the 1950s. Böhler found only 25 Achilles tendon ruptures in Wien between 1925 ...
Lehalle B - - 1997
Arterial allografts are used in vascular surgery to solve a major problem: vascular reconstruction in the infected area. To palliate the unavailability and to reduce the risk of viral disease transmission, vascular allografts are currently cryopreserved and stored in tissue banks. In our recent clinical experience, we observed several cases ...
Luo G - - 1997
Calcification of the extracellular matrix (ECM) can be physiological or pathological. Physiological calcification occurs in bone when the soft ECM is converted into a rigid material capable of sustaining mechanical force; pathological calcification can occur in arteries and cartilage and other soft tissues. No molecular determinant regulating ECM calcification has ...
Ooi G C - - 1997
A 68-year-old woman presented with dyspnoea having undergone a short period of tracheal intubation during an episode of congestive cardiac failure 10 days earlier. On the fourth day of admission, she suddenly developed acute respiratory distress followed by a cardiac arrest and was found to have an enlarging neck mass. ...
Masumoto A - - 1997
A 64-year-old man was admitted to our hospital with multiple hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) lesions in the liver and lung. On the seventh hospital day, a chest radiograph showed a marked increase in right pleural effusion. A thoracentesis revealed a haemothorax. Despite repeated pleural taps and blood transfusions, the patient's clinical ...
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