Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 619
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Conlon Niamh P - - 2007
Spontaneous hemothorax in neurofibromatosis type 1 rarely occurs, is potentially life-threatening, and requires expedient management. We present a case of massive hemothorax in a patient with neurofibromatosis type 1 caused by spontaneous rupture of the right internal mammary artery. A subsequently diagnosed underlying pheochromocytoma may be implicated in rupture of ...
Panayiotopoulos Y P YP Department of Vascular Surgery, Broomfield Hospital, Broomfield, Chelmsford, - - 2007
The aim of this study was to assess the effect of a specialised Vascular Unit upon the prevalence of ruptured aortic aneurysms in the same population catchments' area and associated mortality rates. prospective computerised data collection from 1997 to today, retrospective from 1990-1996. 108 aneurysms were operated upon from 1990-1996, ...
Ramirez Miguel A - - 2007
Bilateral Achillies tendon ruptures are a rare occurrence that usually occur in patients with chronic systemic disease. Many cases are also associated with corticosteroid or fluoroquinolone use. Nonoperative treatment is generally indicated in this patient population, as the patients are often considered poor surgical candidates. Nonoperative immobilization, however, conveys the ...
Jantarasaengaram S - - 2007
Ruptured vasa previa is rare but usually catastrophic if delivery is not imminent. We present a case of ruptured vasa previa in velamentous cord insertion placenta. The fetus survived despite 6 h of a venous rupture because of the tamponade effect from fetal head engagement. Defects in the vessel wall ...
Ramus James R - - 2007
Spontaneous rupture of the superficial femoral artery (SFA) is rare. It may occur in the presence of an SFA aneurysm or in a nonaneurysmal, but usually atherosclerotic, artery. Previously these ruptures have been treated by surgical exclusion, often with bypass grafting. We report a case of spontaneous rupture of a ...
Stemper Brian D - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Blunt aortic injuries result from rapid deceleration of the thorax as may occur during automotive impacts and falls from extreme heights. Pathological findings can range from failure of specific vessel layers to immediate vessel wall rupture. The purpose of this investigation was to determine the sequence of local structural ...
Fishpool Samuel J C - - 2007
Extradural hemorrhage is most commonly assumed to result from a middle meningeal artery rupture. This article challenges that assumption. The meningeal vasculature of 29 cadaveric specimens was examined macroscopically and microscopically at the level of the greater wing of the sphenoid bone and foramen spinosum. It was observed that the ...
Childs Sharon G - - 2007
Tendon rupture related to trauma and corticosteroid injection, in and about tendon insertion sites, is well documented in the literature. Rupture of tendon after fluoroquinolone therapy has been identified in the recent past. Both short- and long-term courses of antibiotic treatment with fluoroquinolone may precipitate alteration in tendon matrix leading ...
Laganà Domenico - - 2007
The objective of this paper is to assess the feasibility and effectiveness of emergency percutaneous treatment of ruptures of the iliac axis. In 5 years, we observed 13 patients (mean age, 62.1 years), 11 with rupture of the external iliac artery and two with rupture of the common iliac artery ...
Bolliger Stephan A - - 2007
A 19-year-old man speeding recklessly along a highway caused a left-frontal crash with another car. After his vehicle came to a standstill, he climbed out of the wreck and crawled across the tarmac to the other side of the road, where he died several minutes after the accident and before ...
Sueyoshi Eijun - - 2007
Mediastinal hematoma extending along the pulmonary artery is a rare complication of Stanford type A classic (double-barreled) aortic dissection. Rupture from the posterior aspect of the aortic root penetrates the shared adventitia of the aorta and pulmonary artery. From this location, hematoma can spread along the adventitial planes of the ...
Muttarak M - - 2007
A 22-year-old man, who was kicked in the scrotum during Thai kickboxing, presented with a painful swelling of the right hemiscrotum. Scrotal ultrasonography (US) showed an enlarged right testis with heterogeneous echogenicity and irregular contours. Colour Doppler US showed vascularity in the upper pole of the right testis and avascularity ...
Swaminathan Aravind - - 2007
To determine the causes of cardiac tamponade (CT), focussing especially on haemopericardium (HP), as a terminal mode of death, within a 430,000 rural English population. Our hospital mortuary register and, all postmortem reports between 1995 and 2004 inclusive, were interrogated for patients dying of CT or HP. The causes of ...
Durand E - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) enhanced with ultrasmall superparamagnetic particles of iron oxide (USPIO) has previously been evaluated in hyperlipidemic rabbits. The aim of this study was therefore to compare USPIO in ruptured and non-ruptured arteries in an atherosclerotic rabbit model. METHODS: Atherosclerotic-like lesions were induced by the combination of ...
Schwartz Stephanie A - - 2007
With the increasing use of cross-sectional imaging for a variety of medical and surgical conditions affecting the abdomen and pelvis, familiarity with the imaging features of aneurysm rupture--and the findings suspicious for impending or contained aneurysm rupture--is crucial for all radiologists. This pictorial essay will review the imaging findings of ...
Hamai Chiho - - 2007
The formation of supported lipid bilayers (SLBs) on glass from giant unilamellar vesicles (GUVs) was studied using fluorescence microscopy. We show that GUV rupture occurs by at least four mechanisms, including 1), spontaneous rupture of isolated GUVs yielding almost heart-shaped bilayer patches (asymmetric rupture); 2), spontaneous rupture of isolated GUVs ...
Björck M - - 2007
INTRODUCTION: The vascular form of Ehlers-Danlos' syndrome (type IV) is a potentially lethal genetic condition because of rupture of major arteries, often in the peri-partum period. CASE REPORT: We report a 31-year-old primipara who died from a rupture of the right subclavian artery. The patient had several symptoms and signs ...
Rubin Sylvain - - 2006
We report the case of a 23-year-old man presenting an acute rupture of the subdiaphragmatic aorta in front of a T12 vertebral fracture after a road accident. Because of the location of this lesion, the operative risk and a cardiac instability, we opted for an endovascular treatment with a new ...
Nikolic Slobodan - - 2006
We tried to explain the mechanisms of the aortic blunt ruptures in fatally injured drivers and front passengers, unrestrained by seatbelts, by analyzing the frequencies of both aortic ruptures and concomitant injuries to 12 organs and body regions. The sample consisted of 393 subjects: 251 drivers and 142 front passengers ...
Wesnousky Steven G - - 2006
The active fault traces on which earthquakes occur are generally not continuous, and are commonly composed of segments that are separated by discontinuities that appear as steps in map-view. Stress concentrations resulting from slip at such discontinuities may slow or stop rupture propagation and hence play a controlling role in ...
Valk W L - - 2006
CONCLUSION: The changes in cochlear function during a destructive acute endolymphatic hydrops were relatively small. This might be consistent with the hypothesis that an endolymphatic hydrops is a marker of disordered inner ear homeostasis rather than the cause of the clinical symptoms of Ménière's disease. OBJECTIVE: Assessment of cochlear function ...
Cantwell Colin P - - 2006
We describe a case of retroperitoneal leiomyosarcoma with abdominal aortic rupture secondary to invasion. The sarcoma involved the inferior vena cava with extensive tumour thrombus. Common causes of aortic rupture include atherosclerotic aneurysm greater than 5 cm, trauma and local inflammatory erosion. Rupture secondary to tumour is rare. The presence ...
Hackam Daniel G - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors prevent the expansion and rupture of aortic aneurysms in animals. We investigated the association between ACE inhibitors and rupture in patients with abdominal aortic aneurysms. METHODS: We did a population-based case-control study of linked administrative databases in Ontario, Canada. The sample included consecutive patients older ...
Stöllberger C - - 2006
The duration of the QT interval is influenced by many pathologic processes and drugs. We report a 74-year-old man who was admitted after syncope. His electrocardiogram (ECG) showed a QT interval of 0.44 s (QTc 0.53 s). After 10 h a ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm was diagnosed and the patient ...
Gray Rachael - - 2006
The microscopic anatomy of the cardio-respiratory system, digestive system, kidney, lymphatic system and integument was investigated in the leopard seal, Hydrurga leptonyx, by examining histological sections of tissues collected from leopard seals in Antarctica and New South Wales, Australia. The majority of the tissues had similar histological features to those ...
Choke Edward E Department of Cardiovascular Science, St George's, University of London, London SW17 0RE, - - 2006
Matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) activity has been linked to abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) rupture. Medial neovascularization (MNV), a histopathologic characteristic of AAAs, involves proteolytic degradation of extracellular matrix by MMPs to facilitate endothelial cell migration. The role of MNV in aneurysm rupture is unknown. This study investigated whether MNV is increased ...
Costa Matthew L ML Orthopaedics, Clinical Sciences Building, Warwick Medical School, Coventry, UK. - - 2006
Tendon lengthening is an important cause of morbidity after Achilles tendon rupture. However, direct measurement of the tendon length is difficult. Ankle dorsiflexion has, therefore, been used as a surrogate measure on the assumption that it is the Achilles tendon that limits this movement. The aim of this investigation was ...
Ishizu Akihiro - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Vascular involvement in neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) is well recognized; however, rupture of extracranial arteries rarely occurs. We present a case of NF1 with rupture of the thyrocervical trunk, which branched from the right subclavian artery. A 76-year-old woman who has numerous café-au-lait spots and soft tumors of the ...
Kaljusto Mari-Liis - - 2006
Acute spontaneous coronary artery rupture is rare and the diagnosis might be missed due to high risk of mors subita. We present three patients hospitalized with signs of cardiac tamponade due to acute spontaneous coronary artery rupture. All the three were successfully operated with evacuation of the pericardial hematoma, identification ...
Boujemâa H H Department of Neuroradiology, Pitié - Salpetrière Hospital; Paris, France - - - 2006
Brain tumors, hematological diseases and vascular malformations like fistulas or arteriovenous malformations are the most well known causes of non-traumatic subdural hematoma (SDH) (1). Although spontaneous subdural hematoma from ruptured intracranial aneurysm has been reported (2), SDH with non radiographic evidence of subarachnoid hemorrhage is very rare (3,4). Moreover, a ...
Komanapalli Christopher B - - 2006
Spontaneous rupture of the aorta without previous history of trauma, hypertension, or apparent aortic pathology is exceedingly rare. Delayed or nonoperative repair of this condition is usually lethal. Survival after spontaneous mid arch aortic rupture requires a high index of suspicion, rapid and appropriate diagnostic tests, and early operative repair. ...
Wilson W Richard W - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) expansion is characterized by extracellular matrix degradation and widespread inflammation. In contrast, the processes that characterize AAA rupture are not well understood. The aim of this study was to investigate the proteolytic and cellular activity of ruptured AAA, focusing on matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) and their ...
Cohen-Kashi Kambiz Jacob - - 2006
Isolated internal iliac artery (hypogastric) aneurysms are rare. The incidence is less than 0.9%. They are usually asymptomatic. Symptoms can be due to compression of adjacent pelvic structures such as the bladder, ureters, and colon. Rupture of hypogastric artery aneurysms into the bladder has rarely been reported and, when present, ...
Boules Tamer N - - 2006
Several findings on computed tomography (CT) scans of intact aneurysms have been taken to suggest "imminent'' or "impending'' aneurysm rupture. Often these are identified incidentally in asymptomatic patients when an urgent operation was not planned and may even be ill advised. The authors evaluated whether these signs can truly predict ...
Lollis S S - - 2006
The Subdural Evacuating Port System is a new device intended to simplify the treatment of subacute/chronic subdural hematomas. The appearance of the winged canula positioned with its tip in the diploic space overlying the subdural space should allow the radiologist to identify it correctly. Its radiographic features are described here ...
Mouzopoulos George - - 2005
We present a rare case of spontaneous rupture of the adductor longus tendon induced by ciprofloxacin. A 35-year-old man was diagnosed with pneumonia and was recommended ciprofloxacin 500 mg iv twice a day for 7 days. Three days after receiving the initial dose, he developed discomfort in his left medial ...
Nakajo M - - 2005
We report a case of spontaneous retroperitoneal hemorrhage caused by rupture of an aneurysm of the right ovarian artery in a 55-year-old woman. Diagnosis was achieved by computed tomography and arteriography. The ruptured aneurysm was treated by transcatheter arterial embolization using microcoils and gelatin sponge particles. This is the first ...
Roser Florian - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Peduncular hallucinosis is a rare phenomenon characterized by visual hallucinosis and agitation. It appears mainly in vascular lesions affecting the brainstem, and some recent reports describe the preoperative and postoperative appearance of peduncular hallucinosis in patients affected through tumor compression at the brainstem. METHODS: Detailing the neurosurgical experiences with ...
Imai Yuki - - 2006
A 5-year-old Japanese boy died because of a ruptured left coronary artery aneurysm (CAA). He was diagnosed as having Kawasaki disease (KD) on the 5th day from onset, with all of the principal signs. On the 7th day of illness, bilateral CAAs were already found via echocardiography, and he was ...
Raghavan Madhavan L - - 2005
Knowledge of impending abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) rupture can help in surgical planning. Typically, aneurysm diameter is used as the indicator of rupture, but recent studies have hypothesized that pressure-induced biomechanical stress may be a better predictor Verification of this hypothesis on a large study population with ruptured and unruptured ...
Chao Hung-Hsing - - 2005
The rupture of left ventricular true aneurysm is a rare event. We report the case of a 52-year-old man who presented to the emergency department with cardiac tamponade that was due to a ruptured left ventricular true aneurysm. An emergency operation was successfully performed to address this rare event.
Choke E E Department of Vascular Surgery, St George's Hospital Medical School, London, - - 2005
Abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) rupture is the 13th commonest cause of death in the Western World. Although considerable research has been applied to the aetiology and mechanism of aneurysm expansion, little is known about the mechanism of rupture. Aneurysm rupture was historically considered to be a simple physical process that ...
Szabo Z - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Cutis laxa is an acquired or inherited condition characterized by redundant, pendulous and inelastic skin. Autosomal dominant cutis laxa has been described as a benign disease with minor systemic involvement. OBJECTIVE: To report a family with autosomal dominant cutis laxa and a young girl with sporadic cutis laxa, both ...
Koerbel A - - 2005
Spontaneous pure acute subdural haematoma (ASDH) without intraparenchymal or subarachnoid haemorrhage caused by a ruptured cerebral aneurysm is extremely rare. To our knowledge, the present case is the first report of an internal carotid artery bifurcation aneurysm presenting as pure ASDH. Suitable diagnostic investigations and therapeutic strategies are discussed. Arterial ...
Allie Babak - - 2005
Gleno-humeral dislocations are frequent, but associated complete transection of the axillary artery has only been reported sporadically. We present a case of complete rupture of the axillary artery associated with recurrent anterior dislocation of the shoulder, followed by a discussion of the likely mechanisms and the key learning points.
Bilham Roger - - 2005
The human tragedy caused by the Sumatra-Andaman earthquake (moment magnitude 9.3) on 26 December 2004 and its companion Nias earthquake (moment magnitude 8.7) on 28 March 2005 is difficult to comprehend. These earthquakes, the largest in 40 years, have also left seismologists searching for the words and tools to describe ...
Xia Kaiwen - - 2005
We report on the experimental observation of spontaneously nucleated ruptures occurring on frictionally held bimaterial interfaces with small amounts of wave speed mismatch. Rupture is always found to be asymmetric bilateral. In one direction, rupture always propagates at the generalized Rayleigh wave speed, whereas in the opposite direction it is ...
Chang Wei-Chou - - 2005
Aneurysms arising from an intercostal artery are very rare vascular malformations in von Recklinghausen's neurofibromatosis, which often have a silent clinical presentation and are difficult to diagnose before rupture. We report a case of von Recklinghausen's neurofibromatosis with massive hemothroax caused by spontaneous rupture of an intercostal artery aneurysm in ...
Rodriguez Aurelio - - 2005
We report a case where a 17-year-old male involved in a motor vehicle crash was admitted after seemingly minor blunt chest trauma. The patient was discharged the following day without complications. He was subsequently found dead 45 days later from a ruptured traumatic left ventricular aneurysm. We review briefly the ...
Chiou Y-M - - 2005
Spontaneous tendon rupture in a patient with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a rare but potentially disabling complication. Minor trauma, local inflammation and long term corticosteroid therapy are regarded as possible causes. However, ischemic necrosis of the tendon resulting from hypercoagulability and methyl prednisolone (MTP) pulse therapy has not been ...
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