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Ro Ayako - - 2009
We attempted to establish histopathological identification between traumatic rupture and nontraumatic arterial dissection of the intracranial vertebral artery (IVA) resulting in subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). Step-serial observations of ruptured IVAs among four traumatic and 44 nontraumatic SAH patients were investigated. We found that the most specific characteristic for differentiation was the ...
Chen Tony M - - 2009
The Achilles tendon is the most frequently ruptured tendon in the lower limb and accounts for almost 20% of all large tendon injuries. Despite numerous published studies describing its blood supply, there has been no uniformity in describing its topography. The current study comprises a detailed anatomical study of both ...
Bunai Yasuo - - 2009
Gastric arterial rupture is a rare but serious and potentially fatal complication of percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG). We report a case in which insertion of a needle during PEG caused iatrogenic rupture of the left gastric artery.
Xu Wei-Li - - 2009
AIM: To explore the role of color Doppler flow imaging (CDFI) in visualization of spleen vessels and to define its value for spleen micro-invasive operation. METHODS: A total of 36 patients requiring laparoscopic splenectomy (LS) for various hematopathies and autoimmune diseases were randomly selected from April 2005 to May 2008. ...
Kimura Naoyuki - - 2009
We report our experience with patients who died of early aortic rupture following surgical treatment for acute type A aortic dissection in a consecutive series of 324 patients who underwent surgery for this condition between 1991 and 2007. In-hospital mortality rate was 9.9% (32/324), and seven patients (two men, mean ...
Hassani Karim Ibn Majdoub - - 2009
Spontaneous rupture of the right gastroepiploic artery is an extremely rare case which can be a cause of abdominal apoplexy. We present a case of a 64-year old woman with a Spontaneous rupture of the right gastroepiploic artery with hemorrhagic shock that was successfully treated by emergency surgery. Simultaneous restoration ...
Ouazzani A - - 2009
We report the case of a 74-year-old man who presented an acute haemoperitoneum further to the rupture of the cystic artery. The bleeding was successfully controlled using embolization. This procedure was complicated by ischaemic necrosis and perforation of the gall-bladder requiring laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Spontaneous rupture of intra-abdominal arteries is a ...
Singh Devender - - 2009
The present report describes a rare case of aortic valve aneurysm without any vegetation with complete heart block. A 26-year-old man with severe acute aortic regurgitation was admitted to our admitted to our hospital. Transthoracic echocardiography showed right cusp aneurysm without any vegetations. Transoesophageal echocardiography confirmed these findings. Colour Doppler ...
Semb Anne Grete - - 2009
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is complicated by high mortality from cardiovascular disease. Statins have been shown to reduce cardiovascular disease events by approximately 30% and to induce coronary atheroma regression. There is no such documentation in patients with RA. This report describes a 49-year-old patient with RA who developed coronary atherosclerosis ...
Fahlman Andreas - - 2008
The metabolic costs of foraging and the management of O2 and CO2 stores during breath-hold diving was investigated in three female Steller sea lions (Eumetopias jubatus) trained to dive between 10 and 50 m (N=1142 dives). Each trial consisted of two to eight dives separated by surface intervals that were ...
Klintschar M - - 2009
To investigate the sudden death of a 31-year-old man, a medicolegal autopsy was performed. Major findings were a dilated aortic root with a longitudinal rupture of the intima and dissection of aorta and right coronary artery and consequent tamponade of the pericardial sac. Moreover, arachnodactyly and other skeletal deformities in ...
Moonen Marie L - - 2008
We report the case of spontaneous rupture of a coronary artery. It was that of a 56-year-old man admitted for dyspnoea and anterior thoracic pain. The most striking feature on physical examination was the marked cyanosis of his face, upper part of the thorax and the upper limb. The patient ...
Rinckenbach S - - 2008
AIM: The aim of this study was to analyze the Literature covering the characteristics of secondary ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) following endovascular repair with aortic stent graft (ASG). METHODS: The study based on a Pubmed search of articles describing the characteristics of secondary ruptured AAA after ASG between January ...
Yepes Horacio - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Compromised vascularity and hypoxia have been proposed as risks for tendon ruptures. The density of vascularity of the quadriceps tendon may explain the pattern of ruptures of this muscle-tendon unit. METHODS: Twenty adult human cadavers underwent whole-body arterial perfusion with a mixture of lead oxide, gelatin, and water through ...
Yada Masaki - - 2008
Spontaneous nonaneurysmal rupture of the aorta is a life-threatening condition for which emergency diagnostic and therapeutic measures are indicated. An asymptomatic spontaneous aortic rupture was unexpectedly discovered adjacent to the visceral aorta. We diagnosed the mass as a pseudoaneurysm, and surgery was performed. This was the first reported case of ...
Tanoue Kazuyuki - - 2008
Blunt traumatic cardiac rupture is associated with a high mortality rate. Motor vehicle accidents account for most cardiac ruptures, but crush injury is relatively rare. We describe a case of a 77-year-old man who had the left atrial 'basal' appendage ruptured through blunt trauma due to a fall. He was ...
Roy Joy - - 2008
The aim of this study was to determine signs of bleeding in the intraluminal thrombus and the site of rupture using multislice computed tomography (CT) imaging in patients with abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA). We analyzed CT images of 42 patients with ruptured infrarenal AAA in two hospitals in Stockholm, Sweden ...
Chau Elaine M C - - 2008
We report an unusual cause of hemoperitoneum in an AL amyloid patient on peritoneal dialysis due to spontaneous rupture of a normal-sized spleen not related to any trauma. The rupture was not due to amyloid deposition within the spleen pulp but rather due to amyloid angiopathy causing hemorrhage within the ...
Famularo Giuseppe - - 2008
During colonoscopy, the risk of injuring the spleen or other viscera except the colon is negligible. We report here a patient in whom spleen rupture did complicate the very early course of colonoscopy, but this remains an extremely rare complication with no more than 50 cases so far described. Diagnosis ...
Lee Tae Hee - - 2008
Bleeding in patients with liver cirrhosis is primarily caused by gastroesophageal varix in association with extensive collateral circulation, portal hypertensive gastropathy, a Mallory-Weiss tear and peptic ulcer disease. The spontaneous rupture of an artery, as a result of coagulopathy, is extremely rare in patients with liver cirrhosis; however, we recently ...
Dargin James M - - 2011
The diagnosis of ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) is often missed as a result of an atypical presentation, resulting in increased mortality. Here we present an unusual case of painless scrotal ecchymosis as a presentation of ruptured AAA. We review the origin of the scrotal sign of Bryant and emphasize ...
Abdelrazeq Ayman S - - 2008
Aneurysms of visceral arteries are uncommon and their rupture is rare. We report a case of an aneurysm of the marginal artery of Drummond, which was complicated by rupture leading to massive hemoperitoneum. A selective superior mesenteric arteriogram suggested the possibility of segmental arterial mediolysis (SAM) as a possible etiology ...
Giacovelli Jeannine K - - 2008
To determine if insurance status predicts severity of vascular disease at the time of treatment or outcomes following intervention. Hospital discharge databases from Florida and New York from 2000-2005 were analyzed for lower extremity revascularization (LER, n = 73,532), carotid revascularization (CR, n = 116,578), or abdominal aortic aneurysm repair ...
Nguyen Thanh N - - 2008
OBJECT: Procedure-related rupture during endovascular therapy of intracranial aneurysms is associated with a mortality rate of more than one third. Previously ruptured aneurysms are a known risk factor for procedure-related rupture. The objective of this study was to evaluate whether very small, ruptured aneurysms are associated with more frequent intraprocedural ...
Uemoto R - - 2008
PURPOSE: To report a spontaneous closure of a macular hole (MH) that was caused by a ruptured retinal arterial macroaneurysm (RAM). METHODS: Observational case report. Clinical examinations and optical coherence tomographic (OCT) evaluations of the retina of a 73-year-old woman who developed a MH secondary to a ruptured RAM. RESULTS: ...
Pua U - - 2008
The spontaneous rupture of a phaeochromocytoma is a rare and potentially fatal complication. Prompt diagnosis, patient stabilisation and adrenectomy are crucial for survival. However, it is known that adrenectomy performed in the emergency setting is associated with a high mortality rate, in contrast to the negligible mortality rate with elective ...
Yajima Noriyuki - - 2009
Bronchial artery aneurysm (BAA) is a rare condition. Rupture of BAA can cause critical hemorrhage, and intervention for BAA is thus recommended. A 69-year-old woman presented with BAA 70 mm in diameter in the right hilum of the lung. Transcatheter arterial embolization for afferent arteries of the BAA was performed ...
Intiso Domenico - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Use of botulinum toxin is expanding as clinical studies demonstrate new potential therapeutic applications. In rehabilitation, botulinum toxin is predominantly used as adjunct therapy for the treatment of spasticity, but it may prove useful for other atypical clinical situations. CASE HISTORY: A 73-year-old man had a severe sub-arachnoid haemorrhage ...
Knirsch Walter - - 2009
We describe the fatal course of a Candida albicans mediastinitis in a 4-year-old child after truncus arteriosus repair, leading to aortic rupture. The diagnosis was made by computer tomography and confirmed at exploratory sternotomy, with positive swab and blood cultures. After local surgical lavage, Amphotericin B therapy was started, but ...
Fujii Yasuhiro - - 2008
A 35-year-old man with a history of total correction of tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) fell down while riding a bike and experienced blunt cardiac rupture. His vital signs were stable because the bleeding was limited by an adhesion caused by the previous operation. Chest computed tomography clearly displayed the ruptured ...
Steensrud Tor - - 2008
We report a case of unilateral adrenal bleeding, worsened or initiated by systemic thrombolytic therapy given for a suspected myocardial infarction. Initial clinical diagnosis was ruptured aortic aneurysm or aortic dissection. A preoperative contrast-enhanced computer tomography (CT) scan showed a possible bleeding from the left adrenal gland. An emergency left ...
Pattullo Kimberly - - 2008
A 14-year-old cat was presented for corneal rupture of the right eye and bulla formation of the left cornea. It was diagnosed with acute bullous keratopathy, based on clinical and histopathologic examination. This is a rare condition of unknown origin in cats; it was treated successfully with bilateral conjunctival pedicle ...
Wilson W R W - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The role of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) in abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) formation is well established. However the changes in plasma MMP levels with AAA rupture have not been reported. The aim of this study was to determine circulating levels of MMPs in non-ruptured and ruptured AAA immediately prior to ...
Moon J M - - 2008
We present a patient who complained of right flank pain resulting from spontaneous intercostal artery rupture while sleeping. He did not have symptoms or a history to suggest other diseases or trauma except hypertension. Arteriography revealed a rupture of the right 10th and 11th intercostal artery, and transcatheter arterial embolisation ...
Hosono Mitsuharu - - 2008
BACKGROUND AND AIM OF THE STUDY: Left ventricular (LV) rupture is a rare but lethal complication after mitral valve replacement (MVR). Hence, the occurrence of LV rupture after MVR and the outcome of resuscitation was assessed. METHODS: Between January 1991 and June 2005, a total of 258 patients underwent MVR ...
Maffei Pietro - - 2008
Acromegaly, when left untreated, is associated with premature mortality which is chiefly related to cardiovascular complications. We report on a 50-year-old acromegalic woman, resistant to therapy, who died suddenly because of thoracic aortic rupture and massive bleeding into the left pleural space. The postmortem examination disclosed, nearby the point of ...
Cecka Filip - - 2008
Bronchial artery aneurysm is a very rare condition. Its rupture can cause a life threatening hemorrhage. We report a case of a 50-year-old patient with a ruptured bronchial artery aneurysm who presented with epigastric pain. It is the first published case with such signs of a rupture of a bronchial ...
Meige F - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To assess the management of traumatic urethral ruptures using a systematic attempt at urethral catheterisation. METHODS: Eleven cats that had been diagnosed with a traumatic urethral rupture over a five-year period were included in this study. Rupture was assessed by positive-contrast retrograde urethrography. An attempt was made to manage ...
Durak Dilek - - 2008
Pulmonary artery dissection and aneurysms ruptures are rare events, occasionally reported as a cause of sudden death. We report a 27-year-old man who was admitted to the hospital with history of a loss of consciousness and died soon after resuscitation was performed. On autopsy macroscopic examination, 2500 ml partially coagulated ...
Squires Natalie - - 2007
The focus of this article is the diagnosis and treatment of peroneal tendon tears. The article first describes mechanisms of injuries resulting in peroneal brevis and longus tears. Associated pathologies, such as ankle instability, hindfoot varus, hypertrophied peroneal tubercle, are discussed. Following sections on diagnosis and conservative treatment, the article ...
Spencer A J - - 2007
Intramural haematoma is an increasingly recognized condition, characterized by an acute haemorrhage into the aortic wall without the creation of a pseudolumen. We present a case that was diagnosed by non-contrast CT scanning, which showed a hitherto undescribed contained rupture into the mediastinum, but no haemothorax. This complicated intramural haematoma ...
Maiti Sukumar - - 2007
A modified spreader for pyloromyotomy is innovated for congenital hypertrophic pyloric stenosis. It was found safe, effective and useful.
Chaudhri Babar B - - 2007
The trachea is readily accessed through a right thoracotomy. Further exposure of the distal trachea may be accomplished using a median sternotomy through a transpericardial approach. We report our experience of a case of iatrogenic tracheal rupture in a patient with a large left-sided posterior mediastinal tumor. Surgical resection of ...
Yoshioka Iwao - - 2007
We report a case of spontaneous rupture of the common iliac artery associated with fibromuscular dysplasia (FMD). A 21-year-old previously healthy male presented with acute onset of colic pain, suspected to be caused by a ureteral stone. Abdominal computed tomography and angiography revealed a retroperitoneal hematoma caused by rupture of ...
Panayiotopoulos Y P - - 2007
AIM: The aim of this study was to assess the effect of a specialised Vascular Unit upon the prevalence of ruptured aortic aneurysms in the same population catchments' area and associated mortality rates. METHODS: Setting: prospective computerised data collection from 1997 to today, retrospective from 1990-1996. Subjects: 108 aneurysms were ...
Conlon Niamh P - - 2007
Spontaneous hemothorax in neurofibromatosis type 1 rarely occurs, is potentially life-threatening, and requires expedient management. We present a case of massive hemothorax in a patient with neurofibromatosis type 1 caused by spontaneous rupture of the right internal mammary artery. A subsequently diagnosed underlying pheochromocytoma may be implicated in rupture of ...
Ramirez Miguel A - - 2007
Bilateral Achillies tendon ruptures are a rare occurrence that usually occur in patients with chronic systemic disease. Many cases are also associated with corticosteroid or fluoroquinolone use. Nonoperative treatment is generally indicated in this patient population, as the patients are often considered poor surgical candidates. Nonoperative immobilization, however, conveys the ...
Jantarasaengaram S - - 2007
Ruptured vasa previa is rare but usually catastrophic if delivery is not imminent. We present a case of ruptured vasa previa in velamentous cord insertion placenta. The fetus survived despite 6 h of a venous rupture because of the tamponade effect from fetal head engagement. Defects in the vessel wall ...
Ramus James R - - 2007
Spontaneous rupture of the superficial femoral artery (SFA) is rare. It may occur in the presence of an SFA aneurysm or in a nonaneurysmal, but usually atherosclerotic, artery. Previously these ruptures have been treated by surgical exclusion, often with bypass grafting. We report a case of spontaneous rupture of a ...
Stemper Brian D - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Blunt aortic injuries result from rapid deceleration of the thorax as may occur during automotive impacts and falls from extreme heights. Pathological findings can range from failure of specific vessel layers to immediate vessel wall rupture. The purpose of this investigation was to determine the sequence of local structural ...
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