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Kompanje Erwin J O - - 2011
Posterior circulation stroke, which includes basilar artery occlusion (BAO), accounts for approximately 20% of all ischemic strokes. Much is unclear concerning the early historical descriptions of basilar artery occlusion, and some modern authors cite the historical sources incorrectly and incompletely. The case described by the Scottish physician John Abercrombie in ...
Gayathri Devi H J - - 2011
Pulmonary alveolar microlithiasis is a rare disease of unknown cause. We report a case in a young boy who presented with history of failure to thrive and chest X-ray finding suggestive of miliary mottling. Open lung biopsy revealed pulmonary alveolar microlithiasis.
Cikirikcioglu Mustafa - - 2011
Although iatrogenic ischemic complications due to occlusion of the circumflex coronary artery following mitral ring annuloplasty are rare, they may be fatal if not recognized and treated promptly. The study aim was to assess the implantation safety of a novel biodegradable intra-annular mitral valvuloplasty ring in ex-vivo cadaveric human hearts. ...
Amaral-Silva Alexandre - - 2011
Achieving rapid reperfusion transcranial color-coded duplex is the critical issue in acute stroke treatment. Ultrasound (US) generates negative pressure waves that are associated with an increase in either intrinsic or intravenous tissue plasminogen activator (tPA)-induced fibrinolytic activity. Higher rates of tPA-induced arterial recanalization, associated with a trend towards better functional ...
Tantchou Tchoumi J C - - 2011
The aim of the study was to investigate the occurrence, pattern and clinical aspects of congenital heart diseases and their management in Cameroon. In this multicentred retrospective study from January 2006 till November 2009, out of 51,636 consulting in three referral centres, 505 were recruited. All the patients presented with ...
Tawil Isaac - - 2011
Purpose. We report a case of a 60-year-old male who underwent sequential Onyx embolizations of a cerebral arteriovenous malformation (AVM) which we implicate as the most likely etiology of subsequent acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). Methods. Case report and literature review. Results. Shortly after the second Onyx embolization procedure, the ...
Kim D H - - 2011
Haemodynamic changes occurring during heart displacement, using moist laparotomy pads placed behind the heart (PAD group, n = 26) or deep pericardial traction sutures (DPS group, n = 25) to facilitate exposure of the left anterior descending artery during off-pump coronary artery bypass surgery, were compared. Haemodynamic variables were assessed ...
Yokota Hiroshi - - 2011
A 90-year-old woman presented with aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) corresponding to Hunt and Hess grade II. Acute congestive heart failure and pulmonary edema developed following uneventful surgical clipping. Serial electrocardiography and echocardiography led to a diagnosis of neurogenic stress cardiomyopathy (NSC), also known as tako-tsubo cardiomyopathy. The outcome was favorable ...
Nedelmann Max - - 2011
Limb-shaking transient ischemic attacks (TIA) may occur in patients with insufficient brain perfusion due to an underlying occlusive disease. We present the case of a 64-year-old patient who suffered from repetitive TIA presenting with shaking movements of the right-sided extremities and accompanying speech arrest. Symptoms are documented in the online ...
Rieg Annette D - - 2011
Cardiovascular agents are pivotal in the therapy of heart failure. Apart from their action on ventricular contractility and systemic afterload, they affect pulmonary arteries and veins. Although these effects are crucial in heart failure with coexisting pulmonary hypertension or lung oedema, they are poorly defined, especially in pulmonary veins. Therefore, ...
Sachdeva Ashwin - - 2011
Balloon atrial septostomy is ordinarily a safe palliative procedure for cyanotic congenital heart disease; however, if echocardiographic guidance is unavailable and fluoroscopy is used, distortions in the cardiac anatomy can invalidate the usual landmarks. Herein, we report iatrogenic mitral papillary muscle rupture during balloon atrial septostomy in a 4-day-old male ...
Grünberg Walter - - 2011
Complete transposition of the great arteries is a congenital cardiac malformation occasionally encountered in cattle and other species. The objective of the present report was to provide a detailed clinical, echocardiographic and post mortem description of a calf presenting with this condition. A 6-week old male Belgian Blue cross-breed calf ...
Liatis S - - 2011
Arterial stiffness is increased in type 1 diabetes (T1D), before any clinical complications of the disease are evident. The aim of the present paper was to investigate the association between cardiac autonomic function and arterial stiffness in a cohort of young T1D patients, without history of hypertension and any evidence ...
Wallis Gonzalo A - - 2011
Congenitally corrected transposition is a rare cardiac malformation characterized by the combination of discordant atrioventricular and ventriculo-arterial connections, usually accompanied by other cardiovascular malformations. Incidence has been reported to be around 1/33,000 live births, accounting for approximately 0.05% of congenital heart malformations. Associated malformations may include interventricular communications, obstructions of ...
Nishi Katsuo - - 2010
To elucidate the effects of prosthetic valve sound on a patient's quality of life (QOL). We compared the valve sounds of ATS, SJM, and Carbomedics (CM) based on assessments by 248 patients who underwent mechanical valve replacements from January 2000 to August 2003 at seven facilities in Japan. We used ...
Wyss Thomas R - - 2010
To assess the rate and factors associated with rupture after endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) or open repair (OR) of abdominal aortic aneurysm. Graft rupture after EVAR has been reported, often preceded by graft-related complications. Graft rupture has also been reported after OR. By July 2009, a total of 848 elective ...
Abdel-Karim Abdul-Rahman R - - 2011
Limited data exist on the treatment of chronic total occlusions (CTO) due to in-stent restenosis (ISR). We reviewed the procedural techniques and outcomes of 21 consecutive interventions in CTOs due to ISR. Mean age was 60±8 years, and all patients were men. The target lesion was located in the right ...
Powell J T JT Vascular Surgery Research Group, Imperial College London, Charing Cross Campus, St Dunstan's Road, London W6 8RP, UK. - - 2011
Small aneurysms of the abdominal aorta (3.0-5.5 cm in diameter) often are managed by regular surveillance, rather than surgery, because the risk of surgery is considered to outweigh the risk of aneurysm rupture. The risk of small aneurysm rupture is considered to be low. The purpose of this review is ...
Stenner Markus - - 2010
Beneath the different reasons for cervical masses, a spontaneous hemorrhage presents a rare and life-threatening condition. We present the rare case of a 62-year-old man who was presented with a dramatically enlarging cervical mass causing respiratory distress because of upper airway compression. An endotracheal intubation was lifesaving and avoided tracheotomy. ...
Trellopoulos George - - 2010
Rupture of a nonaneurysmal popliteal artery and subsequent pseudoaneurysm formation is an exceedingly rare event after bacteremia caused by Salmonella spp. Only a few cases have been reported in the literature. Moreover, spontaneous popliteal artery rupture resulting from this pathology, to our knowledge, has not been reported. We describe an ...
Cheng Nicholas Mauwei - - 2010
Zones of hypovascularity are thought to exist in several tendons of the shoulder, contributing to localized tendon weakness and subsequent rupture in clinical practice. Although these zones have been demonstrated in many frequently ruptured tendons, the existence of a similar area in the often ruptured long head of biceps (LHB) ...
Matsumoto Tomohiro - - 2011
We encountered a rare case of spontaneous rupture of the omental artery. A 25-year-old man without any episode of abdominal trauma or bleeding disorders came to the emergency unit with left upper abdominal pain. Hematoma with extravasation of the greater omentum and a hemoperitoneum was confirmed on abdominal contrast-enhanced computed ...
Bushby Nathan - - 2010
We report a case of lumbosacral plexopathy caused by the rupture of a common iliac artery aneurysm. The patient presented with sciatic type symptoms of lower back pain radiating to his left leg with associated numbness and weakness in the L4-S1 distribution. He also had reduced anorectal tone. A CT ...
Kabiri E H - - 2010
We report a case of traumatic diaphragmatic and aortic rupture in a 27-year-old man after a vehicle accident. The patient underwent successful aortic replacement with a prosthetic graft and diaphragmatic suture. The patient died one month later secondary to rupture of the infected graft. Acute traumatic aortic rupture (TAR) and ...
Borck Guntram - - 2010
The vascular type of Ehlers-Danlos syndrome (EDS IV) is associated with a high risk of life-threatening medical complications, including ruptures of large arteries, the intestine, and the uterus during pregnancy. An arterial rupture occurring in an individual with EDS is regarded as almost diagnostic of EDS IV, which is caused ...
Xenos Michalis - - 2010
Elective repair of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) is warranted when the risk of rupture exceeds that of surgery, and is mostly based on the AAA size as a crude rupture predictor. A methodology based on biomechanical considerations for a reliable patient-specific prediction of AAA risk of rupture is presented. Fluid-structure ...
Wilson W R W - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The nature of the inflammatory change within ruptured AAA has not been extensively reported. The aim of this study was to compare the inflammatory response in non-ruptured and ruptured aneurysms with emphasis on the site of rupture. METHODS: Non-rupture site biopsies were taken from the anterior aneurysm sac of ...
Baltsavias G - - 2010
We describe a case of a persistent primitive trigeminal artery (PPTA) coexistent with a clival chordoma. During surgery of the tumor, the partially incorporated PPTA was inadvertently traumatized and ruptured. The operation was discontinued and the PPTA was endovascularly occluded permitting further safe resection of the tumor.
McGloughlin Timothy M - - 2010
Abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) rupture remains a significant cause of death in the developed world. Current treatment approaches rely heavily on the size of the aneurysm to decide on the most appropriate time for clinical intervention and treatment. However, in recent years, several alternative rupture risk indicators have been proposed. ...
Maier A - - 2010
An abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) is a balloon-like dilation of the aorta, which is potentially fatal in case of rupture. Computational finite element (FE) analysis is a promising approach to a more accurate and patient-specific rupture risk prediction. AAA wall strength and rupture potential index (RPI) calculation are implemented in ...
Hoetzenecker Konrad - - 2010
In obstructive urinary tract disorders, the Valsalva maneuver can be performed in order to ease micturition. Among other things, the maneuver leads to complex vascular reactions and increases the systemic blood pressure. These vascular changes pose a serious stressor to the vessel wall and ruptures of small arteries have been ...
Rahman Maryam - - 2010
The prediction of intracranial aneurysm (IA) rupture risk has generated significant controversy. The findings of the International Study of Unruptured Intracranial Aneurysms (ISUIA) that small anterior circulation aneurysms (<7 mm) have a 0% risk of subarachnoid hemorrhage in 5 years is difficult to reconcile with other studies that reported a ...
Kutsukata Noriyoshi - - 2010
We report on a patient with spontaneous rupture of a nonaneurysmal left common iliac artery in whom hemorrhagic shock developed. A 64-year-old woman presented with hemodynamic collapse accompanied by sudden abdominal pain. She was transported to the emergency department. Angiography showed a penetrating atherosclerotic ulcer in the left common iliac ...
Emori Makoto - - 2010
Vascular lesions associated with neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) are rare but can lead to catastrophic complications if disrupted. Ruptured aneurysms in NF1 patients are difficult to treat surgically because of vascular wall fragility. We describe a female NF1 patient with a ruptured aneurysm of her brachial artery. This is the ...
Huttunen Terhi - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Finnish saccular intracranial aneurysm (sIA) disease associates to 2q33, 8q11, and 9p21 loci and links to 19q13, Xp22, and kallikrein cluster in sIA families. Detailed phenotyping of familial and sporadic sIA disease is required for fine mapping of the Finnish sIA disease. METHODS: Eastern Finland, which is particularly isolated ...
Ma Ding - - 2010
We previously used three-dimensional (3D) volumetric analysis to identify a novel intracranial aneurysm (IA) morphological metric, aneurysm-to-parent vessel size ratio (SR), which strongly correlated with aneurysm rupture. However, complex 3D analysis is not easily obtained, and ubiquitous IA risk assessment is traditionally performed with two-dimensional (2D) imaging, typically with size ...
Xenos Michalis - - 2010
Fluid structure interaction (FSI) simulations of patient-specific fusiform non-ruptured and contained ruptured Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm (AAA) geometries were conducted. The goals were: (1) to test the ability of our FSI methodology to predict the location of rupture, by correlating the high wall stress regions with the rupture location, (2) estimate ...
Siau K - - 2010
Rupture of an aneurysm of the common iliac artery is a rare cause of pain in the hip. We describe an elderly hypertensive patient with an aneurysmal rupture of the left common iliac artery who presented with unilateral hip pain masquerading as septic arthritis.
Fotopoulou C - - 2010
According to the present guidelines for advanced epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC), bulky lymph nodes should be removed as part of the routine surgical staging and the primary goal being removal of all macroscopic tumor residuals. Furthermore, EOC-patients with bulky lymph node relapse seem to benefit from lymphadenectomy in terms of ...
Naama O - - 2009
An acute subdural hematoma is commonly regarded as a complication of a head injury, and bleeding is associated with contusion or laceration of the bridging vein in the subdural space. Occasionally, reports describe non traumatic acute subdural bleeding from the rupture of cerebral aneurysm or vascular malformation. However, acute spontaneous ...
Wallinder Jonas - - 2010
Multiorgan failure is the main cause of death in patients operated for ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm (rAAA). The systemic inflammatory response plays a central role in the generation and maintenance of multiorgan dysfunction. The aim of the current study was to investigate the inflammatory response preoperatively in patients with ruptured ...
Kovacevic M - - 2010
The abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) development and expansion is characterized by an extracellular matrix degradation and widespread inflammation. In contrast, the processes that characterize the AAA rupture are not completely understood. The results obtained in animal and clinical studies have shown the importance of inflammation, proteolysis, and antioxidant mechanisms in ...
Aizawa Kei - - 2010
A 48-year-old man with neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) presented with a right pleural effusion. A 3D computed tomography (CT) angiogram showed an aneurysm of the right 11th intercostal artery. He had no history of chest trauma so we diagnosed a spontaneous rupture of the aneurysm causing a massive effusion. We ...
Falcone John L - - 2010
Neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF-1) is an autosomal dominant disease primarily characterized by cutaneous caf? au lait macules, benign neurofibromas, and iris hamartomas. A spectrum of vascular abnormalities is associated with NF-1. We present a case of a 49-year-old female with NF-1 and spontaneous rupture of the infrarenal aorta caused by ...
Chiu Yu-Hui - - 2009
Abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) rupture can occur in different ways, such as closed rupture into the retroperitoneum, open rupture into the peritoneal cavity, rupture into surrounding hollow structures, and chronic contained or sealed rupture. Here, we report an unusual case of spontaneous rupture of AAA into a renal cyst that ...
Jou Yeong-Chin - - 2009
Tumor rupture with hemorrhage is a severe complication of renal angiomyolipoma. Urgent transcatheter arterial embolization is an effective method for the patient suffering from life-threatening hemorrhage due to ruptured angiomyolipoma. Elective surgery has been suggested because of the possibility of rebleeding or abscess formation after embolization. However, it is not ...
Ha Jennifer Fong - - 2009
Splenic artery aneurysm (SAA) is the commonest visceral artery aneurysm. It is diagnosed more frequently in younger women, with up to 95% presenting during pregnancy. Rupture is associated with a disproportionately high maternal and fetal mortality. We performed a literature search on the patient and SAA characteristics, clinical presentations, management ...
Fealey Michael E - - 2009
Sudden unexpected death due to hemopericardium generally has 2 main causes, rupture of the ascending aorta or rupture of a transmural myocardial infarct. We report an unusual cause of fatal hemopericardium in a 56-year-old woman that occurred in the setting of a motor vehicle mishap.At autopsy, 300 mL of blood ...
Assar A N - - 2009
Ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) is one of the most fatal surgical emergencies, with an overall mortality rate of 90%. Most AAAs rupture into the retroperitoneal cavity, which results in the classical triad of pain, hypotension, and a pulsatile mass. However, this triad is seen in only 25-50% of patients, ...
Mizuguchi Shinjiro - - 2009
A massive hemothorax from a ruptured bronchial artery aneurysm (BAA) is very rare. Only 12 cases of ruptured mediastinal BAA have been reported. This case study describes a 77-year-old female with bronchiectasis who presented with anemia, hypertension, hemothorax, and a mediastinal mass. A chest tube was inserted through which 2 ...
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