Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 1494
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Madden Richard P - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to determine the utility of panoramic radiographs for detecting extracranial calcified carotid atheroma and carotid luminal stenosis. STUDY DESIGN: Panoramic radiographs were obtained on 52 adult participants who had carotid ultrasound examination. Extent of carotid calcification and stenosis was determined by a cardiologist ...
Dymecka A - - 2006
In this study we examined the potential role of atherosclerosis in the main arteries supplying blood to the carotid body in the organ's morphological degradation with age. We addressed this issue by comparing the ultrastructural picture of carotid bodies and of fragments of the carotid artery bifurcation in two age-extreme ...
Wu Carol C - - 2006
Transcatheter arterial embolization has become a major treatment modality in a variety of clinical applications, including management of bleeding related to a broad spectrum of obstetric and gynecologic disorders. Embolotherapy has a well-documented role in the management of pelvic and genital tract hemorrhage in the postpartum and postoperative/postcesarean setting. It ...
Rao, S. B.
The arterial pattern of the human body is one of the systems that show a large number of variations. Many reports are available regarding variations of common carotid, external and internal carotid arteries and branches of external carotid artery. We describe a very rare case of lateral position of external ...
AA - Basiri
Abstract: Adequate processing of tissues before histologic slices is necessary for preparation of proper histologic sections in animal studies. Fixation is one of the most important and early laboratory stages of tissue processing. Amount of penetration time of fixator material, into deep layers and central portions of hard tissues, is ...
Kobayashi Nozomu - - 2006
INTRODUCTION: Carotid angioplasty with stenting (CAS) is becoming accepted as an effective and reliable treatment option for severe carotid artery stenosis. However, it is rarely applied for carotid occlusion, especially in its chronic stage. We report our experience of CAS for chronic internal carotid artery occlusion representing compromised cerebral blood ...
Cremonesi Alberto - - 2006
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The prevention of stroke and the correct treatment of carotid artery stenosis represent today a major debate in cardiovascular medicine. Beside carotid endarterectomy, carotid angioplasty and stenting is becoming more widely performed for the treatment of severe carotid obstructive disease, and is now accepted as a less ...
Schillinger Thomas - - 2006
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Dental and periodontal disease are potentially involved in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis. We investigated whether dental and periodontal status is associated with the presence and future progression of carotid stenosis. METHODS: We randomly selected 411 of 1268 participants from the prospective Inflammation and Carotid Artery Risk for ...
Schilbach Pizzutto Cristiane - - 2006
The objective of the present investigation was to conduct a comparative macroscopic study of the arterial vascularization of the mandible and maxilla of neotropical primates of the genera Cebus, Alouatta, Callithrix, and Leontopithecus. After vinyl was injected into the arterial system of the head of each specimen, the pieces were ...
Morgan Joe H JH - - 2006
We report the results of our first 2 years of experience with routine carotid angiography with an emphasis on technique and complications. We reviewed the hospital records, office charts, and prospective quality-assurance database records of 336 patients undergoing cerebrovascular arteriograms and collected data on the indications, complications, and technical aspects ...
Schminke Ulf - - 2006
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: We investigated the diagnostic performance of a brief Power Doppler Imaging (PDI) screening examination for carotid artery stenoses using a newly developed portable instrument. METHODS: A highly experienced sonographer screened in total 152 carotid arteries by either continuous wave (cw) Doppler (n= 50) or a lightweight (2.4 ...
Ivancev Krassi - - 2006
Carotid artery stenting (CAS) may be impossible, or associated with a high risk, in patients with severe vessel tortuosity. A novel method of catheterization of the carotid artery intended to facilitate CAS is described. It involves the placement of a microcatheter and a coronary wire through a dissected superficial temporal ...
Navaneethan Sankar D - - 2006
Concurrent occurrence of carotid artery stenosis and intracerebral aneurysm is uncommon and poses a therapeutic dilemma. We report a patient with bilateral carotid artery stenosis and a 2.5 cm left middle cerebral artery aneurysm who simultaneously underwent a successful stent-assisted coiling for his intracerebral aneurysm and left carotid artery angioplasty ...
Chokyu I - - 2006
Summary: We report a case of bilateral common carotid artery dissection due to strangulation successfully treated by stent placement, with a review of the literature. A 61-year-old woman was strangled by an apron strap. She was admitted to our hospital with tetraparesis, because of spinal cord injury. On the next ...
Mlekusch Wolfgang - - 2006
PURPOSE: To prospectively evaluate if high-grade (> or = 80% luminal narrowing) internal carotid artery stenosis is associated with depressive symptoms and if carotid artery stent placement (CAS) potentially improves depressive symptoms. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was approved by the local ethics committee, and informed consent was obtained from ...
AbuRahma Ali F - - 2006
Carotid stenting has recently been considered as an alternative treatment to carotid endarterectomy for certain patients with carotid stenosis. Hence, performing carotid arteriography with minimal morbidity and mortality is essential. The purpose of this study was to audit complications of diagnostic carotid/cerebral arteriography performed by a vascular surgeon with experience ...
Pollex Rebecca L - - 2006
Atherosclerosis is a complex disease with various intermediate phenotypes that are themselves complex and influenced by many factors. Through the use of carotid ultrasound techniques, the intermediate stages of vascular disease can be imaged and studied for association with potential genetic determinants. In this article we review the most recent ...
Chiariello Luigi - - 2006
Surgical treatment of simultaneous coronary and carotid disease is still controversial, because of the high risk of morbidity and mortality after combined or staged carotid artery endoarterectomy and the coronary artery bypass grafting approach. We report the first 10 patients with concomitant coronary and carotid disease successfully treated with an ...
Ilijevski Nenad S - - 2006
Pseudoaneurysm (PSA) formation is an uncommon complication in carotid surgery. PSA of the carotid artery requires surgical or endovascular treatment to prevent PSA thrombosis, embolization from the thrombotic material within the PSA, hemorrhage after rupture, or compression on the adjacent structures. We present a case of a symptomatic common carotid ...
de Borst Gerrit J - - 2006
Traumatic dissection of the carotid artery is an infrequent but serious complication of blunt craniocervical injury. There is controversy regarding the need for diagnostic screening and management. This report presents a child with delayed neurologic symptoms and multiple cerebral infarcts secondary to bilateral extracranial traumatic carotid artery dissection. The pathophysiology, ...
Roubin Gary S - - 2006
Carotid artery stenting, compared with carotid endarterectomy, is emerging as an effective and less invasive method of revascularization for extracranial carotid artery stenosis. Carotid stenting is established as the treatment of choice for certain high-risk patient subsets, and ongoing clinical trials are evaluating this method across a broader clinical spectrum, ...
Phan Binh An P - - 2006
PURPOSE: To investigate whether gadolinium (Gd)-based contrast enhancement (CE) affects high-resolution magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) measurements of carotid arterial wall volume. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The common carotid artery (CCA), bifurcation, and internal carotid artery (ICA) of 50 consecutive patients were imaged using 1.5T MRI. T1-weighted (T1W) images were obtained before ...
Landgraff Nancy C - - 2006
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to determine whether subjects with asymptomatic carotid artery stenosis and occlusion demonstrate deficits in physical performance compared with a comparison group. These deficits may indicate that a person is demonstrating preclinical disability. SUBJECTS: Seventy-one subjects with no known disease and 39 ...
Celik Sükrü - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Carotid artery intima-media thickness (IMT) is now widely used as a surrogate marker for atherosclerotic disease. Carotid IMT measured by ultrasound has been shown to be correlated with coronary artery disease as defined by angiography. However, the relation between carotid IMT and isolated coronary artery ectasia (CAE) has not ...
Netuka D - - 2006
BACKGROUND: A prospective study was performed comparing the accuracy of digital subtraction angiography (DSA) and Doppler ultrasonography (DUS) stenosis findings with measurements on histological specimens. METHOD: DSA and DUS were used to evaluate carotid stenosis and were compared with measurements on histological specimens. Intact carotid plaques from 123 cases were ...
Kim H S - - 2006
Carotid blowout is a devastating complication in patients with head and neck malignancy. A covered stent offers an alternative to treatment of a carotid blowout patient thought to be at high risk for surgery or carotid occlusion. Stent placement in the common carotid artery or carotid bulb is a technical ...
Boussel Loic - - 2006
PURPOSE: To identify and quantify the potential sources of motion in carotid artery imaging. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Two healthy volunteers and 12 patients (20-75 years old) with atherosclerotic disease were scanned on a Philips Intera 1.5T system. A single-shot balanced-fast field echo (bFFE) sequence was used to acquire real-time axial ...
Kamikawa Rosangela Saga - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To determine the location in soft tissues of the calcifications, similar to calcified carotid atheromas, that can be observed radiographically in the cervical region in panoramic radiographs. STUDY DESIGN: In each anatomic cadaver specimen preserved in formol, consisting of the head and neck, radiopaque spheres (made from gutta-percha) were ...
Rajagopal Vivek - - 2006
Cerebrovascular morbidity and mortality continue to be a matter of concern to the cardiologists besides adding to the healthcare cost the world over. Carotid atherosclerosis, which has long been managed successfully with carotid endarterectomy, is on the verge of being unpopular with advent of carotid artery stenting, particularly with developments ...
Hayashi K - - 2006
AIM: Fluctuations in autonomic nervous functions throughout the menstrual cycle and the underlying mechanism concerning them are not well known. This study was designed to test the hypothesis that fluctuations in cardiovagal baroreflex sensitivity (BRS) throughout the menstrual cycles of young women are due to fluctuations in carotid arterial distensibility. ...
Berk Bradford C - - 2006
Vascular remodelling is an important physiological mechanism that occurs as a result of changes in hemodynamics, and is a pathological process that plays a major role in the clinical manifestations of cardiovascular diseases. Using a mouse model, it was recently established that vascular remodelling is partially based on ligation of ...
Grant Edward G - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to report the sonographic abnormalities in a group of patients with angiographically proven innominate artery stenosis and occlusion. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A review of all cerebrovascular sonograms at our institutions was undertaken to identify patients with complete or partial flow reversal in the ...
Somunkiran A - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this prospective study was to evaluate the effects of tibolone on carotid atherosclerosis in healthy postmenopausal women. METHODS: Twenty-five healthy postmenopausal women were included in the study. Patients received tibolone 2.5 mg daily for 6 months. Resistance indices of the common carotid artery (CCA), internal carotid ...
Kaviani Amir - - 2006
Carotid stenosis after neck irradiation is a well-described entity. A 78-year-old man presented with left eye amaurosis fugax 11 years after radical neck dissection and neck irradiation for mucoepidermoid carcinoma. The patient underwent carotid artery stenting for a high-grade stenosis of the left internal carotid artery. Twenty months after the ...
Trego Melissa E - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Carotid artery disease is estimated to affect 30% of persons older than 50. Risk factors include hypertension, cigarette smoking, hyperlipidemia and diabetes mellitus. Symptoms ascribed to carotid artery lesions with stenosis of the artery or plaque formation include monocular vision loss and transient ischemic attacks. Patients can present with ...
Paini Anna - - 2006
Several studies have shown that aortic stiffness was an independent predictor for cardiovascular events. However, data are less consistent concerning carotid stiffness. We analyzed the determinants of the discrepancies between aortic and carotid stiffness in different populations with contrasting cardiovascular risk factors: 94 healthy normotensives (NT), 243 nondiabetic hypertensives (HT), ...
Satomi J - - 2006
Summary: We examined the patients with cervical carotid artery stenosis (> 70%) treated by carotid artery angioplasty and stenting (CAS) as a firstchoice direct revascularization therapy. The patients consisted of 45 men and seven women; their mean age was 70.4 years (range, 54-84 yr), with 60 cervical carotid stenosis (39 ...
Tsumura K - - 2006
Summary: Emergency revascularization of acute carotid artery occlusion is still controversial.We treated 15 patients (13 men and two women, mean age of 67.3 years) with acute atherosclerotic carotid occlusion by endovascular procedures and evaluated the usefulness of this treatment. All of the patients were evaluated with emergency MRI and MRA ...
Hayashi Koichiro - - 2006
The effect of menstrual cycle phase on arterial elasticity is controversial. In 10 healthy women (20.6+/-1.5 years old, mean+/-s.d.), we investigated the variations in central and peripheral arterial elasticity, blood pressure (carotid and brachial), carotid intima-media thickness (IMT), and serum oestradiol and progesterone concentrations at five points in the menstrual ...
Sauvageau Eric - - 2006
We describe the case of an 82-year-old man with a fixed neurological deficit of 30 h duration. A left hemispheric perfusion deficit was found on perfusion/diffusion imaging studies in conjunction with an ipsilateral carotid stenosis documented by cerebral angiography. Carotid angioplasty with stent placement was performed and resulted in dramatic ...
Björck Martin - - 2006
The correct intraoperative anatomic identification of the vascular structures in the carotid artery bifurcation is important, and in most operations, this is not a problem. Experiences with two cases are used to suggest a stepwise system to guarantee that anatomic confusion--a confusion that may be fatal--does not occur.
Eiken Ola - - 2006
The study examined whether the alterations in heart rate variability (HRV) and baroreflex sensitivity (BRS) observed in patients with coronary artery disease can also be discerned in otherwise healthy subjects with mild-to-moderate arteriosclerosis in the carotid artery bifurcation. Based on the results of carotid duplex ultrasonography, subjects were designated as ...
Oshinski John N - - 2006
In this study we determined mean-average wall shear stress values in the common carotid artery and assessed if there is a difference in mean-average WSS between: 1) patients with bilateral carotid bifurcation disease and 2) similar-aged volunteers with no evidence of disease. Sixteen patients with bilateral disease of the carotid ...
Schotveld Jan H - - 2006
PURPOSE: To report a case of severe scleral melting in a patient with carotid artery obstruction. METHODS: This is an observational case report. We reviewed the patient's chart and the available literature on ocular melting and ocular ischemia. RESULTS: A 71-year-old man with a history of carotid vascular disease and ...
De Feo Marisa - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: c-myc is the main proto-oncogene responsible for restenosis in cardiovascular surgery. The aim of our study was to evaluate the effects of c-myc antisense (AS) phosphorothioate oligodeoxynucleotides (ODNs) in the remodelling process induced by surgical carotid arteriotomy on an experimental rat model. METHODS: Fifty-five rats with carotid stenosis and ...
Hsu Hung-Yi - - 2006
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Asian patients with cerebrovascular diseases have more intracranial atherosclerosis and less extracranial carotid artery stenosis compared with white patients. We systemically evaluated the distribution of carotid arterial lesions in Chinese patients with transient monocular blindness (TMB), which was rarely reported. METHODS: We prospectively evaluated 105 consecutive patients ...
Chang F C - - 2005
Summary: Direct percutaneous puncture of a cervical carotid pseudoaneurysm for coil placement or acrylic embolization is described for the endovascular management of acute carotid blowout. However, direct puncture of the internal carotid artery (ICA) for the endovascular management of carotid blowout has not been described. We report a difficult case ...
Subramaniam M - - 2006
Spontaneous resolution of carotid stenosis has not been previously reported in the context of preoperative duplex ultrasound scanning, although it has been described as a recognizable phenomenon in the past. We report a case in whom significant carotid stenosis was noted at the time of listing for surgery on both ...
Longo G Matthew - - 2005
Carotid artery aneurysms are an uncommon but important problem. The available data suggests that, untreated, these aneurysms lead to neurologic symptoms from embolization. Pseudoaneurysms of the carotid artery result from injury or may be the long-term sequelae of a spontaneous carotid dissection. While open surgery has been the primary mode ...
Singh M - - 2005
Parapharyngeal abscess as a complication of cholesteatoma is an uncommon entity. Endopharyngeal common carotid artery rupture due to parapharyngeal abscess is also uncommon, and these cases usually end fatally. We present a 17-year-old male with parapharyngeal abscess due to cholesteatoma who developed an endopharyngeal common carotid blow out and survived ...
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