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Lane Tristan R A - - 2010
Free-floating thrombus (FFT) of the carotid artery is a rare condition of currently unknown etiology. Less than 150 cases have been described in the published world literature to date. We present 6 consecutive cases of carotid FFT, identified prospectively from 5000 carotid duplex scans over a 34-month period in a ...
Kolomvos Nikolaos - - 2010
PURPOSE: The carotid sheath has not been adequately assessed in the literature as a potential site of neck recurrence. The purpose of this prospective study was to investigate the histopathologic characteristics of the carotid sheath in patients with oral cancer, in an effort to clarify whether it is essential or ...
Kim H J - - 2010
Thromboembolic events related to CAS continue to be the main limitation to the widespread use of this technique as a first-line treatment for carotid occlusive disease. Our aim was to evaluate thromboembolism during CAS using DWI for catheterization techniques of the carotid artery. Thirty-two consecutive patients with symptomatic carotid stenosis ...
Ghazi Payam - - 2010
We describe a patient with the coexistence of a stenosis and aneurysm of the carotid arteries and a past history of surgical aneurysmectomy. The patient had a 60% stenosis in the right common carotid artery associated with a fusiform aneurysm in the left one. A month after treating the right ...
Cohen Raneat - - 2010
Ocular manifestations of carotid artery occlusive disease, when present, warrant further systemic workup including carotid artery Doppler ultrasound scan. Vascular ocular pathology that may indicate underlying carotid artery disease includes amaurosis fugax, retinal emboli, ocular ischemic syndrome, retinal vascular occlusions, and glaucoma. Early atherosclerotic changes, however, may remain undetected with ...
Yin Yangguang - - 2010
A mouse model of endothelial denudation in the common carotid artery is usually established with a flexible wire under a dissecting microscope. In this article, we introduce a modified procedure to establish a carotid arterial injury mouse model in which no dissecting microscope is used. In the nonmicrosurgical procedure, carotid ...
Rossow Lindy - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to determine the cumulative effects of repeated cycling sprints (Wingate tests) on carotid compliance and blood pressure (BP). Fourteen young, healthy men and women completed this study. Vascular and hemodynamic measurements were taken at rest, 5 min following a first Wingate test, 25 min ...
Lin Mao-Shin - - 2010
Iatrogenic emboli may be released during carotid intervention, causing permanent neurologic complications and catastrophic outcomes. This article reports the procedural details and clinical results of our series of neurosalvage techniques to manage thromboembolic events during carotid procedures. Between March 2003 and December 2007, 342 patients (283 men, 72.1 +/- 8.9 ...
Ferrero Emanuele - - 2010
We treated two patients with asymptomatic high grade internal carotid artery stenosis, by carotid artery stenting (CAS) with embolus protection filters 75% and 70%, respectively (North American Symptomatic Carotid Endarterectomy criteria). The immediate cranial and carotid angiogram showed a good result with regular patency of carotid and cerebral vessels. In ...
Nicosia Antonino - - 2010
Carotid artery stenting is a rapidly evolving method for treating carotid artery disease. Various intraprocedural and postprocedural complications have been reported in the literature. However, the absence of a unified classification scheme for these complications makes it difficult, if not impossible, to study their precise incidence, predictors, and management. The ...
Watanabe Arata - - 2010
OBJECT: The natural history of moyamoya disease is not well known. We have observed that the bony carotid canal is hypoplastic in patients with adult onset moyamoya disease. Bony carotid canal development should represent internal carotid artery (ICA) development, and may stop with the beginning of ICA stenosis. The purpose ...
Fujioka Masaki - - 2011
Carotid blowout is a devastating complication in patients with head and neck malignancy, and is associated with high morbidity and mortality. For patients with bleeding originating in the internal or common carotid artery, treatment options are limited. These include the endovascular remodelling strategies using a stent or embolization of the ...
Charvat Jiri - - 2010
To evaluate the association of masked hypertension (MH) in treated type 2 diabetic patients without history of cardiovascular disease with carotid artery target organ damage. Sixty-four type 2 diabetic patients treated for hypertension with office BP below 140/90 mm Hg were examined by 24-h BP monitoring and carotid sonography. MH ...
Pons Yoann - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this retrospective study was to determine the relevance of 5 different imaging signs in the evaluation of carotid artery invasion. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Between September 2001 and September 2008, 22 patients (20 men and 2 women) presented with lymph node metastasis of a head and neck ...
Montalcini Tiziana - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the association between extracoronary artery diameter (brachial and carotid arteries) and obesity. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study conducted among women referred to the Menopause Clinic of the University of Catanzaro. The study included 102 obese and 102 nonobese (controls) postmenopausal ...
Saba Luca - - 2010
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to compare 3 percentage carotid artery measurement methods (the North American Symptomatic Carotid Endarterectomy Trial [NASCET], the European Carotid Surgery Trial [ECST], and the Carotid Stenosis Index [CSI]) and 1 millimeter method (direct millimeter measurement) to evaluate the difference and correlation between them. ...
Dharmasaroja Pornpatr A - - 2010
We assessed the prevalence of carotid stenosis (CS) and peripheral arterial disease (PAD) in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) to determine the relationship between these conditions in a Thai population. All patients with coronary angiography during June 2008 and August 2009 were studied. Carotid duplex and ankle-brachial index (ABI) ...
Arning C - - 2010
Since 1986, German ultrasound criteria for grading carotid stenosis have followed the local diameter reduction percentage consistent with the definition used in the European Carotid Surgery Trial (ECST) definition. To overcome the confusion caused by the coexisting grading method used in the North American Symptomatic Carotid Endarterectomy Trial (NASCET), a ...
Yildiz Sema - - 2010
Anatomical variations of carotid arterial system, which are not infrequently encountered, have great impact on the surgical approaches of the neck. Although few reports on common carotid artery tortuosity have been published, no case of symptomatic concurrent common carotid and internal carotid artery tortuosity has been reported. Herein, we report ...
Hamdoon Zaid - - 2010
We present a technical note which reduces the occurrence of carotid artery rupture during the treatment of peri-carotid disease. The use of radiologically inserted endoluminal carotid stenting prior to photodynamic therapy provides vessel protection.
Dogan Soner - - 2010
Ultrasound protocols to measure carotid intima media thickness (CIMT) differ considerably with regard to the inclusion of the number of carotid segments and angles used. Detailed information on the completeness of CIMT information is often lacking in published reports, and at most, overall percentages are presented. We therefore decided to ...
Kips Jan - - 2010
Proper non-invasive assessment of carotid artery pressure ideally uses waveforms recorded at two anatomical locations: the brachial and the carotid artery. Calibrated diameter distension waveforms could provide a more widely applicable alternative for local arterial pressure assessment than applanation tonometry. This approach might be of particular use at the brachial ...
Luc Michael - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Although carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT) assesses the structural properties of the carotid artery, it does not assess the mechanical properties of the vessel. METHODS: The carotid arteries of 71 adult patients were evaluated with CIMT, and automated border detection computed vessel stiffness, compliance, elasticity, and distensibility. RESULTS: CIMT and ...
Li Guang-Wen - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To study the relationship between carotid atherosclerosis and cerebral infarction (CI). METHODS: Between November 2008 and March 2009, 147 CI patients (CI group) and 48 patients with non-cerebrovascular diseases (control group) were enrolled from inpatients of Neurology Department of our hospital. The diagnostic criterion of thickened carotid intima was ...
Miyake Naritomo - - 2010
The aim of this study was to find basic rules governing the morphological development of the typical neurovascular sheath. We carried out histological examination of 15 paraffin-embedded mid-term fetuses at 9-25 weeks of gestation (three fetuses each at 9, 12, 15, 20, and 25 weeks). As the result, the vagus ...
Sugawara Jun - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity (PWV) is the most established index of arterial stiffness. Yet there is no consensus on the methodology in regard to the arterial path length measurements conducted on the body surface. Currently, it is not known to what extent the differences in the arterial path length ...
Testerman George M - - 2010
Extracranial carotid artery dissection after blunt trauma may manifest as arterial stenosis or occlusion or as dissecting aneurysm formation. Anticoagulation and/or antiplatelet therapy is the first-line treatment, but, because it is effective and less invasive than other procedures, endovascular treatment of carotid artery dissection has recently attracted interest. A small ...
Nikas Dimitrios N - - 2010
The aim of this study was to assess the safety and effectiveness of carotid artery stenting (CAS) with proximal cerebral protection in patients showing string sign at carotid angiography. Presence of string sign is a well-known factor for adverse events in patients with severe carotid artery disease undergoing CAS. We ...
Dolatabadi Mohammad Ali - - 2010
This article presents the case of a 50-year-old asymptomatic man whose panoramic radiograph revealed calcium deposits within the left internal carotid bifurcation region. Subsequent duplex ultrasonic examination indicated unilateral low-grade carotid arterial stenosis, a condition associated with a significant risk of stroke, which had not been identified previously. The findings ...
Iimura Akira - - 2010
An anomalous artery directly connecting the common carotid artery and internal carotid artery was discovered on the right side in the cadaver of an 83-year-old Japanese female, and the facial artery, maxillary artery, and superficial temporal artery arose from the common carotid artery by a common trunk. The anomalous artery ...
Verhamme Peter - - 2010
Carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT) can be measured non-invasively by means of B-mode ultrasound. Carotid ultrasonography is readily available and enables the assessment of the full spectrum of the atherosclerotic process, from normal artery walls to arterial occlusion. In population studies, CIMT correlates with present and future cardiovascular disease (CVD). The ...
Christopoulos D - - 2010
AIM: The aim of this study was to use the maximum of all the protective measures to make carotid angioplasty and stenting (CAS) a safe procedure. METHODS: Twenty patients with severe carotid disease have been treated. These patients were considered as high risk for carotid endarterectomy and not suitable for ...
Tzorbatzoglou I D - - 2010
Periodontal diseases are highly prevalent in the population. Several studies implicated that chronic periodontitis may affect the arterial wall inducing subclinical atherosclerosis by triggering a systemic inflammatory response. Three theories have been put forward to explain potential mechanisms involved: the theory of bacterial invasion, the cytokine theory and the autoimmunization ...
Underhill H R - - 2010
The presence of IPH and/or FCR in the carotid atherosclerotic plaque indicates a high-risk lesion. The aim of this multicenter cross-sectional study was to establish the characteristics of lesions that may precede IPH and/or FCR. We further sought to construct a CAS that stratifies carotid disease severity. Three hundred forty-four ...
Tsuda Hiroko - - 2010
In the progress of atherosclerosis, the carotid artery calcifies and sometimes appears as a calcified mass on a cephalometric radiograph. This study was designed to evaluate the prevalence of calcification in cephalometric radiographs of OSA patients and to identify the differences between subjects with and without carotid artery calcification. A ...
Braakman Hilde M H - - 2010
We report a case of a 93-year-old man, who presented with limb-shaking transient ischemic attacks (TIAs) after orthostatic position change or turning his head to the left. The limb-shaking TIAs resulted from external compression of the carotid artery. Contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance angiography of the head and neck and Doppler ultrasound ...
Kefayati Sarah - - 2010
The carotid artery bifurcation is a common site of atherosclerosis which is a major leading cause of ischemic stroke. The impact of stenosis in the atherosclerotic carotid artery is to disturb the flow pattern and produce regions with high shear rate, turbulence, and recirculation, which are key hemodynamic factors associated ...
Fintelmann Robert E - - 2010
A 75-year-old woman with painful visual loss was diagnosed with ocular ischemic syndrome secondary to restenosis of the carotid artery following endarterectomy. She underwent carotid artery stenting, which has become an alternative to carotid endarectomy for primary carotid stenosis but is now also becoming more popular for recurrent carotid artery ...
Abd Allah Foad - - 2010
The prevalence of carotid artery stenosis has been studied in several cohorts and groups of populations. Prevalence estimates were mostly based on ultrasound studies, because duplex ultrasound is accurate, reproducible and inexpensive to diagnose and follow up patients with arterial disorders. The purpose of our study was to describe the ...
de la Torre Jack C - - 2010
The vascular hypothesis of Alzheimer's disease (AD) which we first proposed in 1993, has become a useful concept in identifying vascular risk factors for AD or vascular dementia that can be modified through appropriate treatment to prevent, reduce or delay the onset of cognitive impairment and dementia onset. Among the ...
Takagi Toshinori - - 2010
A 64-year-old man with chronic occlusion of common carotid artery (CCA) underwent successful recanalization with angioplasty and stenting. Patients with symptomatic CCA occlusion with hemodynamic impairment are at increased risk of subsequent stroke. Percutaneous transluminal angioplasty and stenting could be an option for chronic occluded CCA with hemodynamic impairment.
Hayashi Katsumi - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Atherosclerosis is a progressive disease that causes vascular remodeling that can be positive or negative. The evolution of arterial wall thickening and changes in lumen size under current "standard of care" in different arterial beds is unclear. The purpose of this study was to examine arterial remodeling and progression/regression ...
Okura Takafumi - - 2010
The development of vascular calcification is an active, highly regulated process with similarities to bone formation. Osteocalcin (OC), a vitamin K-dependent protein expressed by osteoblasts, contains 3 gamma-carboxyglutamic acid residues derived from the vitamin K-dependent posttranslational modification of glutamic acid residues. Circulating undercarboxylated OC (ucOC) is increased in vitamin K ...
Jamaan T - - 2010
Septic rupture of the common carotid artery following total thyroidectomy may rapidly lead to exsanguination. We present a case report of a 16-year-old girl, diagnosed with a questionable thyroglossal duct cyst. Following the initial operative intervention with local excision of the cyst including resection of the medial part of the ...
Vijayvergiya Rajesh - - 2010
Percutaneous carotid stenting with a distal-protection device is now considered an alternative to standard carotid endarterectomy. Although distal-protection filter devices have been reported to reduce the risk of embolism and stroke, their use is associated with such iatrogenic complications as vasospasm, dissection, and guidewire entrapment. Herein, we report a case ...
Beach Kirk W - - 2010
Serial monitoring of patients participating in clinical trials of carotid artery therapy requires noninvasive precision methods that are inexpensive, safe and widely available. Noninvasive ultrasonic duplex Doppler velocimetry provides a precision method that can be used for recruitment qualification, pre-treatment classification and post treatment surveillance for remodeling and restenosis. The ...
De Luccia Nelson - - 2010
An 8-month-old child presented with a right pulsatile neck mass. The tumor's rapid increase in size and respiratory problems prompted image evaluation. An external carotid artery aneurysm was found, which was compressing other neck structures. The patient underwent aneurysm resection and ligation at its insertion on the common carotid artery. ...
Saba Luca - - 2011
Carotid artery stenosis quantification is still considered a leading parameter in the choice of the therapeutic option. Our purpose was to asses the concordance between radiologist and a semi-automatic computer software in the stenosis quantification of carotid artery studied by using a Multi-Detector-Row CT angiography (MDCTA). 45 patients studied by ...
Azar Lama - - 2012
A 59-year-old woman was admitted to the hospital with a fever and rigors for 2 days. She was on chemotherapy (docetaxel, carboplatin, and trastuzumab) for her stage II invasive ductal carcinoma of the breast. Her physical exam was unremarkable except for the fever. The white blood cells were 21,200/mm(3) with ...
Gregory N G - - 2010
Time to physical collapse was examined in 174 cattle which were restrained in the upright position and then released immediately from the restraint following the halal cut. The frequencies of swelling and false aneurysm in the cephalic and cardiac severed ends of the arteries were recorded. Fourteen percent of the ...
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