Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 843
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Manasse E - - 2002
Besides the surgeon's experience, there is no objective method to detect whether the retrograde cannula is inserted correctly before injecting the cardioplegia and measuring the coronary sinus pressure after the aorta cross-clamp. Repositioning of the retrograde cannula once extracorporeally is not always an easy maneuver and may include the risk ...
Chandraratna Anthony - - 2002
We report the diagnosis of intracoronary air embolism by transesophageal echocardiography in 2 patients undergoing open heart surgery. The sudden appearance of inferior wall akinesis with increased brightness of the area immediately after removal of the aortic cross clamp and spontaneous resolution of the abnormalities support the diagnosis of intracoronary ...
Rodriguez Rosendo A - - 2002
PURPOSE: The authors investigated whether ultrasonic characteristics of embolic signals could be used to differentiate embolic composition. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The authors analyzed high-intensity transient signals (HITS) from 3 patients with patent foramen ovale during the bubble contrast test and during total joint replacement surgery. In 3 anesthetized dogs, latex ...
Sistino Joseph J - - 2002
Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation has been used successfully to support both cardiac and pulmonary function following Stage I Norwood operation. Determination of the return of native cardiac function and pulmonary function can be easily accomplished because of the single ventricle physiology. The pulmonary function can be assessed while on full flow ...
Arakawa Hiroaki - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: We evaluated the relationship of air trapping to mosaic perfusion in patients with pulmonary embolism. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Forty-one consecutive patients with suspected pulmonary embolism underwent expiratory CT followed by helical CT angiography. After excluding 12 patients who had airway disease or were smokers, we divided the patients into ...
Huang Kun-Lun - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Pulmonary air embolism (PAE) occurs in inappropriate decompressions or clinical complications. Sudden lodging of air bubbles in the pulmonary circulation results in pulmonary hypertension, pulmonary edema, and deficiency in cardiopulmonary functions, which are often fatal without timely intervention. In this study, we investigated the effectiveness of hyperbaric oxygen (HBO2) ...
Andersen Bjørg Marit - - 2002
The effect of wearing occlusive scrub suits on bacterial contamination of air was studied during cataract operations. All personnel regularly wore cotton scrub suits. During the intervention period, all wore occlusive scrub suits, which, compared with cotton scrub suits, were associated with more than a 50% reduction in the load ...
Walther T - - 2002
Here, we report on a case of temporary neurological damage following conduit replacement from the right ventricle to pulmonary artery during which vacuum-assisted venous drainage was used. We will discuss the benefits and risks of this technique with potential arterial air embolism despite the use of arterial line filters. We ...
Guenoun Thierry - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether currently available preoperative and intraoperative variables related to arterial oxygen tension (PaO(2)) can be used as predictors for low PaO(2) during one-lung ventilation (OLV). DESIGN: A prospective cohort study. SETTING: Primary university hospital. PARTICIPANTS: Adult patients (n = 92) undergoing thoracic surgery requiring OLV. INTERVENTIONS: Preoperative ...
Helmberger Thomas K - - 2002
We report on a rare, acute, life-threatening complication during percutaneous thermal therapy for hepatic metastases. Massive cardiac air embolism occurred during a maneuver of deep inspiration after the dislodgment of an introducer sheath into a hepatic vein. The subsequent cardiac arrest was treated successfully by immediate transthoracic evacuation of the ...
Jones Timothy J - - 2002
An association has been demonstrated between intravascular microemboli and organ injury during cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). Air may be inadvertently introduced into the venous line during CPB resulting in the formation of gaseous microemboli (GME). We studied the ability of CPB circuits, from five different manufacturers, to remove GME originating from ...
Hung Ming-Jui - - 2002
This case report describes the complication of an air embolism in the right coronary artery that developed during coronary angiography in a patient with acute anterior myocardial infarction. Follow-up left ventriculography, 4 months later, showed irreversible inferior wall damage. Incomplete aspiration of the angiographic catheter was the cause of this ...
Lee S Y - - 2002
Systemic venous air embolism is a serious complication in patients with chronic liver disease having liver surgery. Intrapulmonary arteriovenous shunting can permit air emboli to pass into the systemic circulation. We describe a case of paradoxical air embolism detected by transoesophageal echocardiography in a patient with cirrhosis who was having ...
Markey M A - - 2001
An unusual death caused by carbon monoxide poisoning after the detonation of explosives in an underground mine was investigated by the Office of the Medical Investigator of the State of New Mexico. The 50-year-old miner had 18 years of mining experience but no documented safety training. He collapsed approximately 20 ...
Vesely T M - - 2001
PURPOSE: To determine the clinical consequences of air embolism occurring during insertion of central venous catheters. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A computer search of our interventional radiology database revealed that 11,583 central venous catheters were inserted between January 1, 1995 and August 1, 2000: 7,178 were nontunneled and 4,404 were tunneled. ...
MacLean C A - - 2001
We report the case of a 90-year-old man with syncope, arrhythmia, cardiac ischemia, and neurologic deficit after undergoing spinal epidural injection for control of pain related to post-herpetic neuralgia. The diagnosis of arterial gas embolus was made after air was identified in the left ventricle of the heart on an ...
Roelants-van Rijn A M - - 2001
During venoarterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation the right carotid artery is ligated in a hypoxic neonate. The aim of the present study was to compare the morphology and metabolism of the left and right basal ganglia in 10 neonates after extracorporeal membrane oxygenation, using proton magnetic resonance imaging and spectroscopy. Data ...
Fechner G - - 2001
A 22-year-old white male was found dead at his working place in a car lacquering company. He had removed lacquer residues by using a solvent containing dicloromethane (DCM) without using a gas mask. Pathology revealed signs of asphyxiation with obvious petechial bleedings and expressed microthrombosis of the pulmonary arteries. Toxicological ...
Koizumi K - - 2001
This study was aimed to compare changes in hemodynamics between unilateral (UL) or simultaneous bilateral (BL) lung volume reduction surgery (LVRS) for chronic obstructive lung disease. Sixteen patients underwent LVRS by stapler resection with neodymium: yttrium-alminum-garnet (Nd: YAG) laser ablation; five underwent BL-LVRS (four by median sternotomy and one by ...
Adams V - - 2001
From 1992 through 1997, there were 41 deaths by homicidal blunt impact head trauma in Hillsborough County, Florida. Twenty-one cases were excluded from the study because of putrefaction or survival beyond the emergency department doors, leaving 20 cases for the study. One of the 15 nonputrefied victims found dead at ...
Baraka A S - - 2001
PURPOSE: Evaluate oxygen jet ventilation in a patient with tracheal stenosis undergoing stent insertion. CLINICAL FEATURES: Manual intermittent low frequency oxygen jet ventilation was used during general anesthesia for fibreoptic bronchoscopy and stent insertion in a patient with tracheal stenosis. Oxygen jets were delivered via a Sander's injector adapted to ...
Sakamoto T - - 2001
We report a case of a bright, alert patient with central neurogenic hyperventilation (CNH) associated with cerebral malignant lymphoma. CNH is a syndrome comprising normal or elevated arterial oxygen tension, decreased arterial carbon dioxide tension, and respiratory alkalosis in the absence of cardiac or pulmonary disease that stimulates a compensatory ...
Santilli S M - - 2001
Artery wall hypoxia has been proposed to contribute to many kinds of artery wall pathology, including atherosclerosis and intimal hyperplasia. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of supplemental oxygen on the transarterial wall oxygen gradients at a prosthetic vascular device (PVG)-to-artery anastomosis. The transarterial wall oxygen ...
Weiss M - - 2001
PURPOSE: To evaluate the efficacy of video-intuboscopic assisted tracheal intubation in a difficult intubation setting. METHODS: In 50 pediatric patients (mean age 12.8 +/- 3.1 yr, range 6-16 yr) a grade 3 direct laryngoscopic view was simulated. Eight certified registered nurse anesthetists without experience in endoscopic intubation performed tracheal intubation ...
Juvik E - - 2001
In the newborn period, decreased right atrial pressure results in functional closure of the foramen ovale (FO). The objective of this study was to investigate whether air bubbles infused in the vena cava will pass through the FO into the arterial circulation in a newborn animal. Since air tends to ...
Taeed R - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Hemodynamic stability after Norwood palliation often requires manipulation of pulmonary vascular resistance to alter the pulmonary-to-systemic blood flow ratio (Qp:Qs). Qp:Qs is often estimated from arterial saturation (SaO2), a practice based on 2 untested assumptions: constant systemic arteriovenous O2 difference and normal pulmonary venous saturation. METHODS AND RESULTS: In ...
Van de Velde M - - 2001
Although anaesthesia for Caesarean section is predominantly performed using regional techniques of anaesthesia, general anaesthesia will remain essential for subgroups of obstetric patients, especially those who are at high risk of complications. In the present review, recent reports that addressed issues regarding general and regional anaesthesia in Caesarean section will ...
Chaouat A - - 2001
The aim of the present study was to compare the evolution of pulmonary haemodynamics and of arterial blood gases in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients with mild-to-moderate hypoxaemia, with or without sleep-related oxygen desaturation. COPD patients with daytime arterial oxygen partial pressure in the range 56-69 mmHg were included ...
Chung E H - - 2001
This study was performed to elucidate the mechanism of improved oxygenation after surfactant replacement therapy in respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) of the newborn infants. In 26 newborns with RDS, end tidal-CO2 tension (PetCO2), arterial blood gas analysis and pulmonary function tests were measured at baseline, 30 min, 2 hr and ...
Lee W L - - 2001
Massive coronary air embolism is usually disastrous although successful resuscitation has been reported previously. To what extent a patient with coronary air embolism can be resuscitated is not known. The authors report a rare case of massive air embolism to the left coronary arteries and successful resuscitation by vigilantly maintaining ...
Shaaban-Ali M - - 2001
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Imbalance between cerebral oxygen supply and demand is thought to play an important role in the development of cerebral injury during cardiac surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass. METHODS: We studied jugular bulb oxygen saturation, jugular bulb oxygen tension, arterial-jugular bulb oxygen content difference and oxygen extraction ratio in ...
Carstairs S - - 2001
A U.S. Marine Corps Reconnaissance diver suffered arterial gas embolism (AGE) while using a closed-circuit oxygen rebreathing scuba apparatus; there are few, if any, reported occurrences of AGE due to gases other than air. The high oxygen fraction of the diver's inspired gas may have contributed to his rapid recovery ...
Schoierer O - - 2001
Musculotendinous transfers (MTT) of latissimus dorsi (LD) and teres major (TM), either in isolation or combination, have recently been advocated to treat irreparable rotator cuff tears. The purpose of this study was to (1) review the anatomy of the LD and TM neurovascular pedicles, and (2) undertake experimental MTT to ...
Sung S C - - 2001
Total circulatory arrest with full venous drainage can result in air entering the arterial system through several possible sites such as the aortic cannulation site or collateral vessels. Air present in the arterial system during total circulatory arrest imposes a special problem. We describe a simple technique of short-term retrograde ...
Cruz R J - - 2001
Standard-of-care, large volume crystalloid infusion, in the setting of uncontrolled bleeding, has been challenged and it is not known if fluid resuscitation increases retroperitoneal hemorrhage. We developed an experimental model of retroperitoneal haemorrhage to correlate haemodynamic and metabolic alterations with the blood volume loss. Anaesthetised, spontaneously breathing dogs (17.1+/-0.56 kg) ...
Kuralay E - - 2001
Upper ministernotomy for aortic valve replacement is intimidating for many surgeons, not only for limited surgical exposure but also for the inability to complete de-airing the apex of the heart. Conversion to full sternotomy had been reported for this inability to de-air the apex of the heart in a limited ...
Cadle S H - - 2001
Twenty-four properly functioning and six high carbon monoxide emission light-duty gasoline vehicles were emission tested in Denver, CO, using the Federal Test Procedure (FTP), a hot start Unified Cycle (UC), and the REP05 driving cycles at 35 degrees F. All were 1990-1997 model year vehicles tested on both an oxygenated ...
Hegde R T - - 2000
We report a case of venous air embolism during an elective shoulder arthroscopy in which air was used as a joint distending agent. Venous air embolism was diagnosed by the sudden decrease in the end-tidal carbon dioxide concentration. The patient suffered no serious complications of venous air embolism and made ...
Wu Y C - - 2000
Paradoxical cerebral air embolization through a residual tract after the removal of a central venous catheter is a serious complication of central venous cannulation. Air embolisms resulting from residual catheter tracts in general patients and in single lung transplant patients have been reported. The generally accepted mechanism of this complication ...
Jauss M - - 2000
An international Consensus Meeting to determine a standard in the examination technique for the detection of right-to-left shunt (RLS) using contrast transcranial Doppler sonography (TCD) led to the following recommendations to standardize the examination procedure: The patient should be prepared with an 18-gauge needle inserted into the cubital vein and ...
Watzman H M - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Cerebral oximetry is a noninvasive bedside technology using near-infrared light to monitor cerebral oxygen saturation (Sco2) in an uncertain mixture of arteries, capillaries, and veins. The present study used frequency domain near-infrared spectroscopy to determine the ratio of arterial and venous blood monitored by cerebral oximetry during normoxia, hypoxia, ...
Rodgers L - - 2000
Venous air embolism is the entrapment of air into the venous system producing signs and symptoms due to obstruction of pulmonary arterial blood flow. We present a healthy, 27-year-old, full-term parturient admitted for postdate induction of labor. Cesarean delivery was required following fetal distress. During delivery, the mother became bradycardic ...
Schönburg M - - 2000
Microemboli passing to the cerebral circulation during cardiopulmonary bypass can contribute to postoperative neurologic dysfunction. Many studies conclude that air microbubbles predominantly are responsible for this problem. A dynamic bubble trap (DBT) was developed to diminish the number of microbubbles in the arterial line of extracorporeal circulation. The DBT is ...
Takizawa S - - 2000
We present a 43-year-old man with cerebral air embolism that occurred during continuous drainage of infected lung bullae. This complication is extremely rare, and may have been caused by the passage of air into the pulmonary venous circulation through a bronchovenous fistula and/or damaged pulmonary vessels. Air densities were demonstrated ...
Kim S J - - 2000
Rupture of the colon caused by high pressure compressed air is a rare, unique and traumatic intra-abdominal injury. As the use of compressed air in industrial work has increased, so has the risk of associated pneumatic injuries from its improper use. Recently we experienced a case of pneumatic rupture of ...
Sipos PT - - 2000
The current literature indicates that patients with hilar lung injury who are receiving positive pressure ventilation are at risk for systemic air embolism, but no studies have yet tested an alternative to the current management: immediate thoracotomy and hilar clamping. We wanted to demonstrate that one lung ventilation of the ...
Vicenzi M N - - 2000
OBJECTIVES: To compare oximetric readings from the esophagus (STEO2) and the skin (finger, SSO2) with those obtained from arterial blood samples (SaO). In addition, to compare the influences of mean arterial pressure (MAP) and body temperature to the accuracy of STEO2 and SSO2 readings. DESIGN: Prospective, single-center study. SETTING: Surgical ...
Forrest D M - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: In hypovolemic patients with sepsis syndrome, to determine the effects of colloid volume infusion using 10% pentastarch on abnormal gastric tonometer measurements (gastric intramucosal CO2 tension, gastric intramucosal-arterial PCO2 gradient, and gastric intramucosal pH [pHi]) and on cardiac index, global oxygen delivery, and hemoglobin. DESIGN: Prospective prepost intervention study. ...
Zylak C M - - 2000
Pneumomediastinum may result from a variety of causes that may be either intrathoracic (eg, narrowed or plugged airway, straining against a closed glottis, blunt chest trauma, alveolar rupture) or extrathoracic (eg, sinus fracture, iatrogenic manipulation in dental extraction, perforation of a hollow viscus [corrected]. The radiographic signs of pneumomediastinum depend ...
Cole P - - 2000
An account is given of the constituents of the flow resistive nasal valve, their aerodynamic function, and the essential role they play in processing inspiratory air. The relatively fixed structural component and the variable mucovascular components of the lateral and medial nasal walls are described, and particular attention is drawn ...
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