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Results 251 - 300 of 823
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Adams V - - 2001
From 1992 through 1997, there were 41 deaths by homicidal blunt impact head trauma in Hillsborough County, Florida. Twenty-one cases were excluded from the study because of putrefaction or survival beyond the emergency department doors, leaving 20 cases for the study. One of the 15 nonputrefied victims found dead at ...
Baraka A S - - 2001
PURPOSE: Evaluate oxygen jet ventilation in a patient with tracheal stenosis undergoing stent insertion. CLINICAL FEATURES: Manual intermittent low frequency oxygen jet ventilation was used during general anesthesia for fibreoptic bronchoscopy and stent insertion in a patient with tracheal stenosis. Oxygen jets were delivered via a Sander's injector adapted to ...
Sakamoto T - - 2001
We report a case of a bright, alert patient with central neurogenic hyperventilation (CNH) associated with cerebral malignant lymphoma. CNH is a syndrome comprising normal or elevated arterial oxygen tension, decreased arterial carbon dioxide tension, and respiratory alkalosis in the absence of cardiac or pulmonary disease that stimulates a compensatory ...
Santilli S M - - 2001
Artery wall hypoxia has been proposed to contribute to many kinds of artery wall pathology, including atherosclerosis and intimal hyperplasia. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of supplemental oxygen on the transarterial wall oxygen gradients at a prosthetic vascular device (PVG)-to-artery anastomosis. The transarterial wall oxygen ...
Weiss M - - 2001
PURPOSE: To evaluate the efficacy of video-intuboscopic assisted tracheal intubation in a difficult intubation setting. METHODS: In 50 pediatric patients (mean age 12.8 +/- 3.1 yr, range 6-16 yr) a grade 3 direct laryngoscopic view was simulated. Eight certified registered nurse anesthetists without experience in endoscopic intubation performed tracheal intubation ...
Juvik E - - 2001
In the newborn period, decreased right atrial pressure results in functional closure of the foramen ovale (FO). The objective of this study was to investigate whether air bubbles infused in the vena cava will pass through the FO into the arterial circulation in a newborn animal. Since air tends to ...
Taeed R - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Hemodynamic stability after Norwood palliation often requires manipulation of pulmonary vascular resistance to alter the pulmonary-to-systemic blood flow ratio (Qp:Qs). Qp:Qs is often estimated from arterial saturation (SaO2), a practice based on 2 untested assumptions: constant systemic arteriovenous O2 difference and normal pulmonary venous saturation. METHODS AND RESULTS: In ...
Van de Velde M - - 2001
Although anaesthesia for Caesarean section is predominantly performed using regional techniques of anaesthesia, general anaesthesia will remain essential for subgroups of obstetric patients, especially those who are at high risk of complications. In the present review, recent reports that addressed issues regarding general and regional anaesthesia in Caesarean section will ...
Chaouat A - - 2001
The aim of the present study was to compare the evolution of pulmonary haemodynamics and of arterial blood gases in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients with mild-to-moderate hypoxaemia, with or without sleep-related oxygen desaturation. COPD patients with daytime arterial oxygen partial pressure in the range 56-69 mmHg were included ...
Chung E H - - 2001
This study was performed to elucidate the mechanism of improved oxygenation after surfactant replacement therapy in respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) of the newborn infants. In 26 newborns with RDS, end tidal-CO2 tension (PetCO2), arterial blood gas analysis and pulmonary function tests were measured at baseline, 30 min, 2 hr and ...
Lee W L - - 2001
Massive coronary air embolism is usually disastrous although successful resuscitation has been reported previously. To what extent a patient with coronary air embolism can be resuscitated is not known. The authors report a rare case of massive air embolism to the left coronary arteries and successful resuscitation by vigilantly maintaining ...
Shaaban-Ali M - - 2001
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Imbalance between cerebral oxygen supply and demand is thought to play an important role in the development of cerebral injury during cardiac surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass. METHODS: We studied jugular bulb oxygen saturation, jugular bulb oxygen tension, arterial-jugular bulb oxygen content difference and oxygen extraction ratio in ...
Carstairs S - - 2001
A U.S. Marine Corps Reconnaissance diver suffered arterial gas embolism (AGE) while using a closed-circuit oxygen rebreathing scuba apparatus; there are few, if any, reported occurrences of AGE due to gases other than air. The high oxygen fraction of the diver's inspired gas may have contributed to his rapid recovery ...
Schoierer O - - 2001
Musculotendinous transfers (MTT) of latissimus dorsi (LD) and teres major (TM), either in isolation or combination, have recently been advocated to treat irreparable rotator cuff tears. The purpose of this study was to (1) review the anatomy of the LD and TM neurovascular pedicles, and (2) undertake experimental MTT to ...
Sung S C - - 2001
Total circulatory arrest with full venous drainage can result in air entering the arterial system through several possible sites such as the aortic cannulation site or collateral vessels. Air present in the arterial system during total circulatory arrest imposes a special problem. We describe a simple technique of short-term retrograde ...
Cruz R J - - 2001
Standard-of-care, large volume crystalloid infusion, in the setting of uncontrolled bleeding, has been challenged and it is not known if fluid resuscitation increases retroperitoneal hemorrhage. We developed an experimental model of retroperitoneal haemorrhage to correlate haemodynamic and metabolic alterations with the blood volume loss. Anaesthetised, spontaneously breathing dogs (17.1+/-0.56 kg) ...
Kuralay E - - 2001
Upper ministernotomy for aortic valve replacement is intimidating for many surgeons, not only for limited surgical exposure but also for the inability to complete de-airing the apex of the heart. Conversion to full sternotomy had been reported for this inability to de-air the apex of the heart in a limited ...
Cadle S H - - 2001
Twenty-four properly functioning and six high carbon monoxide emission light-duty gasoline vehicles were emission tested in Denver, CO, using the Federal Test Procedure (FTP), a hot start Unified Cycle (UC), and the REP05 driving cycles at 35 degrees F. All were 1990-1997 model year vehicles tested on both an oxygenated ...
Hegde R T - - 2000
We report a case of venous air embolism during an elective shoulder arthroscopy in which air was used as a joint distending agent. Venous air embolism was diagnosed by the sudden decrease in the end-tidal carbon dioxide concentration. The patient suffered no serious complications of venous air embolism and made ...
Wu Y C - - 2000
Paradoxical cerebral air embolization through a residual tract after the removal of a central venous catheter is a serious complication of central venous cannulation. Air embolisms resulting from residual catheter tracts in general patients and in single lung transplant patients have been reported. The generally accepted mechanism of this complication ...
Jauss M - - 2000
An international Consensus Meeting to determine a standard in the examination technique for the detection of right-to-left shunt (RLS) using contrast transcranial Doppler sonography (TCD) led to the following recommendations to standardize the examination procedure: The patient should be prepared with an 18-gauge needle inserted into the cubital vein and ...
Watzman H M - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Cerebral oximetry is a noninvasive bedside technology using near-infrared light to monitor cerebral oxygen saturation (Sco2) in an uncertain mixture of arteries, capillaries, and veins. The present study used frequency domain near-infrared spectroscopy to determine the ratio of arterial and venous blood monitored by cerebral oximetry during normoxia, hypoxia, ...
Rodgers L - - 2000
Venous air embolism is the entrapment of air into the venous system producing signs and symptoms due to obstruction of pulmonary arterial blood flow. We present a healthy, 27-year-old, full-term parturient admitted for postdate induction of labor. Cesarean delivery was required following fetal distress. During delivery, the mother became bradycardic ...
Schönburg M - - 2000
Microemboli passing to the cerebral circulation during cardiopulmonary bypass can contribute to postoperative neurologic dysfunction. Many studies conclude that air microbubbles predominantly are responsible for this problem. A dynamic bubble trap (DBT) was developed to diminish the number of microbubbles in the arterial line of extracorporeal circulation. The DBT is ...
Takizawa S - - 2000
We present a 43-year-old man with cerebral air embolism that occurred during continuous drainage of infected lung bullae. This complication is extremely rare, and may have been caused by the passage of air into the pulmonary venous circulation through a bronchovenous fistula and/or damaged pulmonary vessels. Air densities were demonstrated ...
Kim S J - - 2000
Rupture of the colon caused by high pressure compressed air is a rare, unique and traumatic intra-abdominal injury. As the use of compressed air in industrial work has increased, so has the risk of associated pneumatic injuries from its improper use. Recently we experienced a case of pneumatic rupture of ...
Sipos PT - - 2000
The current literature indicates that patients with hilar lung injury who are receiving positive pressure ventilation are at risk for systemic air embolism, but no studies have yet tested an alternative to the current management: immediate thoracotomy and hilar clamping. We wanted to demonstrate that one lung ventilation of the ...
Vicenzi M N - - 2000
OBJECTIVES: To compare oximetric readings from the esophagus (STEO2) and the skin (finger, SSO2) with those obtained from arterial blood samples (SaO). In addition, to compare the influences of mean arterial pressure (MAP) and body temperature to the accuracy of STEO2 and SSO2 readings. DESIGN: Prospective, single-center study. SETTING: Surgical ...
Forrest D M - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: In hypovolemic patients with sepsis syndrome, to determine the effects of colloid volume infusion using 10% pentastarch on abnormal gastric tonometer measurements (gastric intramucosal CO2 tension, gastric intramucosal-arterial PCO2 gradient, and gastric intramucosal pH [pHi]) and on cardiac index, global oxygen delivery, and hemoglobin. DESIGN: Prospective prepost intervention study. ...
Zylak C M - - 2000
Pneumomediastinum may result from a variety of causes that may be either intrathoracic (eg, narrowed or plugged airway, straining against a closed glottis, blunt chest trauma, alveolar rupture) or extrathoracic (eg, sinus fracture, iatrogenic manipulation in dental extraction, perforation of a hollow viscus [corrected]. The radiographic signs of pneumomediastinum depend ...
Cole P - - 2000
An account is given of the constituents of the flow resistive nasal valve, their aerodynamic function, and the essential role they play in processing inspiratory air. The relatively fixed structural component and the variable mucovascular components of the lateral and medial nasal walls are described, and particular attention is drawn ...
Oxhøj H - - 2000
Pulmonary arteriovenous malformations (PAVM) cause right-to-left shunt and imply risk of paradoxical embolism and cerebral abscess. These complications can be prevented by appropriate treatment. Detection of PAVMs is therefore important, so simple and reliable screening methods are needed for this purpose. The aim of this investigation was to compare pulse ...
Fletcher R - - 2000
To use end-tidal PCO2 as a non-invasive estimate of arterial PCO2, one adds a nominal value, representing the arterial-end-tidal PCO2 difference. How much does one add? We hypothesized that, halving the ventilator rate and simultaneously doubling tidal volume, the immediate change in end-tidal PCO2 would be proportional to the original ...
Christiansson L - - 2000
OBJECTIVES: To investigate spinal cord ultrastructure related to cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) oxygenation. DESIGN: experimental aortic occlusion model with intrathecal oxygen tension monitoring. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Two groups of pigs underwent proximal (P) or double (D) aortic occlusion for 30 min followed by 1 h of reperfusion. In a third group ...
Petru A - - 2000
The management of surgical embolization of a post-traumatic carotid-cavernous fistula is reported in this study. The procedure was successfully performed with the aid of a fibreoptic intravascular catheter, which was monitoring continuously the changes of the jugular venous oxygen saturation. Jugular venous oxygen saturation monitoring effectively confirmed the success of ...
Gupta D - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To study the effect of large volume paracentesis (LVP) on pulmonary function in patients with cirrhosis of liver and tense ascites. METHODS: Ten patients having alcoholic cirrhosis with ascites were subjected to LVP (mean 6.3 +/- 0.3 L). Pre and post paracentesis spirometry and arterial blood gas analysis were ...
Davies C W - - 2000
AIMS: To document the presence and extent of air trapping on high resolution computed tomography (HRCT) in patients with pulmonary sarcoidosis and correlate HRCT features with pulmonary function tests. METHODS: Twenty-one patients with pulmonary sarcoidosis underwent HRCT and pulmonary function assessment at presentation. Inspiratory and expiratory HRCT were assessed for ...
Sayama T - - 2000
We report a case of cerebral air embolism resulting from accidental air infection during cerebral angiography. A 60-year-old man was accidentally injected with air via the left subclavian artery. Angiography demonstrated air within the basilar artery. The patient showed signs of posterior circulation ischaemia (confusion, blindness, gaze palsy and hemiparesis). ...
Inoue T - - 2000
Coronary air embolism is one of the inadvertent complications of coronary angioplasty. We report two rare cases of complicating air embolism in the right coronary artery occurring during control left coronary angiography using a guiding catheter with a side hole, just prior to a coronary intervention procedure for a left ...
Huber S - - 2000
We report a case of a 5-year-old girl who suffered a massive arterial air embolism during surgical closure of an atrial septal defect. The risk of permanent neurologic deficits or even fatal outcome is significant (mortality rate, 31%). We successfully treated a proven arterial air embolism with intraoperative (retrograde cerebral ...
Krivonyak G S - - 2000
A case of cerebral arterial air embolism (CAAE) occurring from inadvertent injection of air during aortic root angiography is presented. Prompt treatment by suspending the patient briefly in a vertical head-down position beside the catheterization table appeared to be life-saving and resulted in complete neurological recovery. This approach may offer ...
Dubey P K - - 2000
Hazards of application of hydrogen peroxide to semiclosed space are well known. We present a case of suspected gas embolism following hydrogen peroxide irrigation of the surgical field during posterior fossa surgery in the prone position. Severe cardiovascular collapse occurred when the wound was irrigated with hydrogen peroxide solution. Generation ...
Sato K - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Mild hypothermia provides cerebral protection against ischaemic insults in various animal models. We compared systemic and cerebral oxygenation between mild hypothermic and normothermic management in 60 patients with acute subarachnoid haemorrhage who underwent clipping of cerebral aneurysms. METHOD: The temperature in the pulmonary artery was maintained at 36 degrees ...
Souders J E - - 2000
Pulmonary air embolism is a well-known consequence of surgery, trauma, diving, and aviation. This article reviews the physiological effects, means of detection and methods of prevention and treatment of pulmonary air embolism. The primary physiological effects are elevated pulmonary artery pressures, increased ventilation-perfusion inhomogeneity, and right ventricular failure. The degree ...
Faberowski L W - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Investigations to determine the incidence of venous air embolism in children undergoing craniectomy for craniosynostosis repair have been limited, although venous air embolism has been suspected as the cause of hemodynamic instability and sometimes death. A precordial Doppler ultrasonic probe is an accepted method for detection of venous air ...
Khan N A - - 1999
Topical anesthetic drugs are widely used by clinicians during hospital and outpatient procedures and are also available to the public in a variety of over-the-counter preparations. Although generally safe, they may cause potentially life-threatening methemoglobinemia. We describe a patient who developed repeated episodes of severe methemoglobinemia after administration of topical ...
Millar S A - - 1999
We studied 15 patients undergoing cardiac surgery involving hypothermic cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). Cerebral arteriovenous difference in oxygen content (AVDO2) was significantly less during CPB and for up to 18 h after operation compared with pre-CPB values (P < 0.05). There were no significant changes in mean jugular bulb oxyhaemoglobin saturation ...
Kodama F - - 1999
A CT-guided needle lung biopsy carries a risk of potential air embolization. We present a rare case of air embolization after this procedure. Postmortem CT revealed air in the cerebral arteries and the left ventricle. This complication is extremely rare; however, it becomes fatal when it happens. Several points to ...
Goodman L R - - 1999
PURPOSE: To assess the differences in CT appearance between adult respiratory distress syndrome due to pulmonary disease (ARDSP) and that due to extrapulmonary disease (ARDSEXP) and determine whether the variable appearances of ARDS are due, in part, to the initial pulmonary and systemic causes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty-three patients, 22 ...
Willcox T W - - 1999
BACKGROUND: Arterial emboli cause neurocognitive deficits in cardiac surgical patients. Carotid artery emboli, detected ultrasonically, have been observed after venous air entrainment into the cardiopulmonary bypass circuit. We investigated in vitro the extent to which venous air affected emboli detected in the arterial line downstream from a 40-microm filter. METHODS: ...
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