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Cheifetz Ira M - - 2006
The adverse effects of high oxygen levels have been widely reported, and clinicians have struggled for many years to find the ideal balance between inspired oxygen levels and acceptable arterial oxygen saturation. However, when asked "what is an acceptable oxygen saturation," one is hard pressed to find a definitive answer. ...
Huybregts Rien M A J M - - 2006
Most mini bypass systems do not contain a venous and cardiotomy reservoir in the cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) circuit and lack the capability to remove venous air. In conjunction with the manufacturer the air purge control system, a system which automatically removes air that is captured in a venous bubble trap, ...
Lamm Gudrun - - 2006
We report a case of air embolism detected by transesophageal echocardiography in a patient undergoing open heart surgery for acute mitral regurgitation. Intraoperative transesophageal echocardiography revealed an increased brightness of the apical wall and a severely compromised left ventricular myocardium with severe diffuse hypokinesis after removal of the aortic cross ...
Pearce J M S - - 2006
Dandy was a leading light in the initiation and development of neurosurgery, not only in his native America but also throughout the world. This paper attempts briefly to outline his main achievements. After a turbulent relationship with Cushing he emerged as a brilliant, if vain, surgeon and investigator, based mainly ...
Kerr Randall H E - - 2006
Appropriate positioning of the right atrial air aspiration catheter is critical to successful aspiration of air. The intravascular electrocardiography patterns currently used to position the right atrial air aspiration catheter have not been validated by echocardiography. In 10 patients, using simultaneous transesophageal echocardiography and intravascular electrocardiography, we found that the ...
Lattin Grant G - - 2006
A rare complication of computed tomography (CT)-guided biopsies of pulmonary lesions is systemic air embolism, with hyperbaric oxygen therapy being considered the mainstay of therapy. The authors describe the case of a 47-year-old man with a left upper lobe mass invading the chest wall who underwent CT-guided needle biopsy of ...
Parker S M - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Non-invasive measurement of oxygenation is routine in adult clinical practice but transcutaneous monitoring of PCO(2) (PtcCO(2)) is used much less due to technical difficulties with earlier transcutaneous electrodes. OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to determine the reliability of estimating arterial PCO(2) (PaCO(2)) using a recently introduced combined SaO(2)/PtcCO(2) monitor ("TOSCA", ...
Choi S J - - 2006
The exaggerated lithotomy position is used during radical perineal prostatectomy to increase perineal exposure. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of the exaggerated lithotomy position on respiratory mechanics and arterial blood gases. In the exaggerated lithotomy position, dynamic compliance and static compliance were found to be ...
Hudcova Jana - - 2006
PURPOSE: We report the development of severe intraoperative hypercarbia and a pronounced arterial to end-tidal gradient reversal during laparoscopic pheochromocytoma resection. Although complex physiologic mechanisms may be responsible for this finding, anatomic alterations such as a direct communication between a capnoperitoneum and/or capnothorax and the airways resulting from prior pathology ...
Schubert Heinrich M - - 2007
BACKGROUND AND AIM: In reconstructive surgery microsurgical repair of dissected arteries sometimes has to be done under longitudinal tension. Guidelines to support an objective decision on whether tension associated with direct suture is acceptable or whether grafting is needed, do not exist. All experimental data found concerned the clinical outcome ...
Kim Yookyung - - 2006
Talc is one of the most effective agents for pleurodesis but it may induce serious pulmonary complication caused by pulmonary talc deposition. We describe a case of acute pneumonitis following talc pleurodesis in a 30-year-old woman who had malignant pleural effusion. Air-space consolidation and ground-glass attenuation developed in both lungs, ...
Ninio Daniel M - - 2006
We present a case of air embolism during biventricular defibrillator implantation in a 58-year-old man with pulmonary fibrosis. To prevent air entry after the dilator was removed, the subclavian venous sheath was covered before the lead was introduced. Air embolism occurred during inspiration around the lead body in the appropriate ...
Stock U A - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Standard extracorporeal circulation (ECC) remains the staple procedure for cardiac surgeons. Despite modern membrane oxygenators and arterial filters micro bubbles are regularly detected in the arterial line. We investigated whether initial deairing of the venous drainage during connection can reduce the quantity and size of micro bubbles on the ...
Fann James I - - 2006
We evaluated an endobronchial valve device in the treatment of surgically created air leak or pneumothorax by eliminating antegrade flow. METHODS: Six sheep underwent general anesthesia with positive pressure ventilation and left thoracotomy. After division of the mediastinal pleura, the contralateral cranial lobe was identified and a 2.5 cmx1.5 cm ...
Rodriguez Rosendo A - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: When the right atrium (RA) cannula is connected to the venous return line of the cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) circuit, air is often introduced. Air in the venous cannula may increase cerebral air embolization at initiation of CPB despite the arterial line filter. We measured the volume of air present ...
Charavaryamath Chandrashekhar - - 2006
Swine production has undergone rapid transformation from family owned operation to a large scale industrial enterprise. Since increasing number of pigs are reared on a large scale in confined buildings, some of the swine barn workers may be employed to work eight hours per day. Swine barn workers suffer from ...
Robin Emmanuel - - 2006
The usefulness of parameters measured using the pulmonary artery catheter has been challenged because no benefit in patient outcome has been observed in clinical trials. However, technological advances have been made, including continuous measurement of cardiac output (CO), mixed venous saturation (SvO2), and right ventricle end-diastolic volume (CEDV) have been ...
Agrawal Dharmendra - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: We report a case of massive air embolism in the cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) circuit to highlight the principle of its immediate management and its preventive measures. METHODS: The air embolism was caused by the accidental connection of carbon dioxide (CO(2)) supply to the monitoring arm of the retrograde cardioplegia ...
Xenellis John - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Pulsatile tinnitus is frequently attributed to identifiable and treatable causes, in contrast to the more common subjective non-pulsatile tinnitus. It usually originates from vascular structures as a result of either increased blood flow or lumen stenosis; atherosclerotic carotid or subclavian artery disease; arterial, venous, or arteriovenous malformations, fistulas, or ...
Puri G D - - 2005
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: We studied the effect of different recumbent positions (supine, left and right lateral decubitus), on arterial oxygenation in 42 valvular heart disease patients planned for cardiac surgery. All patients had cardiomegaly (cardiothoracic ratio > or = 0.5) in their chest X-rays. Their left ventricular end-diastolic diameter was ...
Perthel M - - 2005
The intention of minimal extracorporeal circulation (MECC) is to reduce priming volume and minimize contact of blood with polymers and air in a closed system. In contrast to conventional extracorporeal circulation (ECC), a venous reservoir is missing. Thus, air trapping is limited and avoidance of bubble embolism is a major ...
Fortrat Jacques-Olivier - - 2005
Recently, it has been suspected that venous dural sinus air embolisms could occur as a result of scalp vein infusion. The possible mechanism for this complication has not been documented to date, and procedures to avoid venous dural sinus air embolism have not been presented. We report a preterm neonate ...
Walsh V P - - 2005
CASE HISTORY: Death occurred in a 1.25 kg, 9-month-old female Pomeranian dog undergoing anaesthesia for surgical repair of partially healed fractures of the radius and ulna. CLINICAL FINDINGS: Following sedation, anaesthesia was induced using thiopentone and maintained with halothane in oxygen. An acute decrease in the dog's end-tidal carbon dioxide ...
Dedouit Fabrice - - 2006
A 30-year-old man was admitted with chest trauma after a road traffic accident. The patient was paraplegic and suffered from transient monoparesia of the left arm. The chest X-ray revealed a severe right tension pneumothorax and thoracic spine fractures. Emergency right thoracic drainage was carried out followed by angiography. Unfortunately ...
Yang C W - - 2005
Microscopic cerebral arterial air embolism (CAAE) has been described in many patients undergoing cardiac surgery as well as other invasive diagnostic and therapeutic procedures. However, massive CAAE is rare. We report a 42-year-old woman who initially presented with thalamic and basal ganglia hemorrhages. Shortly after a radial arterial catheter was ...
Gabor Sabine Elisabeth - - 2005
A 21-year-old female with chronic membranoproliferative nephritis was admitted for suspected esophageal disruption and asthma after severe, prolonged vomiting. At the time of admission she presented with dyspnea, tachypnea, arterial hypotension and tachycardia. Physical examination showed discrete signs of ectopic air at the neck and distended cervical veins. CT-scan of ...
Campen Matthew J - - 2005
Air pollution is positively associated with increased daily incidence of myocardial infarction and cardiovascular mortality. We hypothesize that air pollutants, primarily vapor phase organic compounds, cause an enhancement of coronary vascular constriction. Such events may predispose susceptible individuals to anginal symptoms and/or exacerbation of infarction. To develop this hypothesis, we ...
Wong A Y C - - 2005
A 49-year-old male with neurofibromatosis type II was scheduled for posterior fossa craniotomy and excision of a right acoustic neuroma and placement of an auditory brainstem implant in the sitting position. Intra-operatively, the patient was monitored with transoesophageal echocardiography which detected two major episodes of venous air embolism. Despite immediate ...
Villacorta J - - 2005
A 46-year-old woman was monitored by bispectral index monitoring (BIS) during redo aortic and mitral valve replacement. On release of the aortic cross clamp there was a sudden, severe, unexplained, and sustained fall in the BIS value. Postoperatively, a CT scan was consistent with multiple ischaemic lesions. The lesions were ...
Kim J Y - - 2005
BACKGROUND: The effect of haemodynamic derangement during coronary artery anastomosis in off-pump coronary artery bypass surgery on cerebral blood flow has not been elucidated. Jugular bulb oxygen saturation is a useful indicator of cerebral blood flow provided that the cerebral metabolic rate is constant. This study was designed to evaluate ...
Wei Wei - - 2005
In this study, we investigated the feasibility and the accuracy of transtracheal mixed venous oxygen saturation (Svo(2)) monitoring. Ten patients undergoing thoracic surgery were included in this study. A single-use pediatric pulse oximetry sensor was attached to the double-lumen tube between the tracheal and bronchial cuff. After anesthesia was induced, ...
O'Connor Patrick M - - 2005
Birds are unique among living vertebrates in possessing pneumaticity of the postcranial skeleton, with invasion of bone by the pulmonary air-sac system. The avian respiratory system includes high-compliance air sacs that ventilate a dorsally fixed, non-expanding parabronchial lung. Caudally positioned abdominal and thoracic air sacs are critical components of the ...
Sato Koichi - - 2005
Percutaneous pulmonary marking under computed tomography (CT) guidance is often used to identify the location of small nodules prior to pulmonary wedge resection by video assisted thoracoscopic surgery. Although pneumothorax and pulmonary hemorrhage are known complications that accompany this method, arterial air embolism is an extremely rare and occasionally fatal ...
Doshi Hari Krishna - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: We report a case of a bronchovenous fistula in an adult who could not be resuscitated following a mitral valve replacement. METHODS: A 39-year-old man underwent a mitral valve replacement for severe mitral stenosis and regurgitation. Following uneventful valve replacement surgery, and while attempting to wean the patient off ...
Myers Gerard J - - 2005
The use of arterial line filters has long been a standard of practice in the field of cardiopulmonary bypass. Sorin Biomedica has designed an adult hollow-fiber oxygenator that not only incorporates their Mimesys biomimicry coating technology but also has a 40-micron arterial filter as an integrated component of this unique ...
Riquelme Miriam - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects on oxygen delivery (DO2) of 2.5 and 5 cm H2O of positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) applied to the dependent lung during one-lung ventilation (OLV) in anesthetized dogs with a closed thoracic cavity. ANIMALS: 7 clinically normal adult Walker Hound dogs. PROCEDURE: Dogs were anesthetized, and ...
Domaingue C M - - 2005
Neurosurgery in the sitting position offers advantages for certain operations. However, the approach is associated with potential complications, in particular venous air embolism. As the venous pressure at wound level is usually negative, air can be entrained. This air may follow any of four pathways. Most commonly it passes through ...
Yousem Samuel A - - 2005
This report details the pulmonary pathologic findings in four patients with rheumatoid arthritis, who developed new onset of pulmonary signs and symptoms with alveolar infiltrates temporally related to the institution of etanercept therapy. Biopsy findings showed an interstitial and air space lymphohistiocytic infiltrate with non-necrotizing granulomas, in the setting of ...
Hwang Shiuh-Lin - - 2005
We report a case of massive intracerebral air embolism after cardiopulmonary resuscitation in a patient with a fatal head injury. There was no pneumothorax or extravascular pneumocephalus, however, air was found in the internal carotid artery. Massive cerebral air embolism may occur after entrance of air into the circulatory system ...
Ninomiya Hiroyoshi - - 2005
The terminal airways and microvasculature of five adult Baird's beaked whales (Berardius bairdii) lungs have been examined by means of light and scanning electron microscopy of corrosion casts. The respiratory system of the Baird's beaked whale has various anatomical features which allow them to attain great depths and remain submerged ...
Abiru H - - 2005
The purpose of this paper was to study the frequency of visualization and characteristics of normal thoracic structures on posteroanterior (PA) chest radiographs in Japanese population. 1000 consecutive normal PA chest radiographs of men and women ranging in age from 20 years to 90 years were reviewed. Frequency of visualization ...
Akerø A - - 2005
The aim of the study was to investigate hypoxaemia in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease patients during a commercial flight. The effect of a commercial flight, lasting 5 h 40 min, on arterial blood gas levels and symptoms in 18 chronic obstructive pulmonary disease patients with a pre-flight percutaneous oxygen saturation ...
Stolz Alan J - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To predict risk factors of a prolonged air leak following pulmonary lobectomy. METHODS: From January 2003 to March 2004, 134 patients (95 male, mean age 66+/-7.7 years) underwent pulmonary lobectomy for lung tumor. Prolonged air leak (PAL) was defined as an air leak lasting 7 days or more of ...
Jonas Richard A - - 2005
This article reviews the mechanisms of brain injury associated with cardiopulmonary bypass. These include embolic injury of both a gaseous and particulate nature as well as global hypoxic ischemic injury. Ischemic injury can result from problems associated with venous drainage or with arterial inflow including a steal secondary to systemic ...
Carrodeguas Lester - - 2005
Methemoglobinemia leads to rapid oxygen desaturation, requiring prompt recognition and treatment. We present two severely obese patients who developed methemoglobinemia following the use of topical or local anesthetic. This complication was detected by analysis of arterial blood gases, and was successfully treated with methylene blue i.v. and 100% O2 supplementation.
Arguedas Miguel R - - 2005
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Heme oxygenase (HO) catalyzes hemoglobin into bilirubin, iron, and carbon monoxide (CO), a known vasodilator. HO expression and CO production as measured by blood carboxyhemoglobin (COHb) levels increase in experimental hepatopulmonary syndrome (HPS) and contribute to vasodilatation. Whether CO contributes to HPS in humans is unknown. Our ...
Bradbury L A - - 2005
A horse which had had a caecal impaction for 10 days was treated by means of an ileocolostomy [corrected] but failed to respond satisfactorily. Before a second laparotomy was performed it was observed to have dislodged the extension set from a jugular catheter and air was heard being sucked into ...
Nygaard, Espen Brigt Hope
Background: Lung injury in acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is characterized by increased permeability of the alveolar-capillary membrane, diffuse alveolar damage, and the accumulation of proteinacenous pulmonary edema. In several studies prone positioning has been shown to improve oxygenation in pasient with ARDS, due to reduced V/Q-shunting, increased functional recidual ...
Wimpress S - - 2005
Arterialized earlobe capillary blood samples (ELCS) have been used as a measurement of blood gas status for over 20 years. There is general acceptance that there is a strong correlation and limits of agreement between arterial and arterialized blood samples with respect to pH and PaCO2. Although the correlation between ...
Seedhouse Erik Leon Olav - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To compare altitude responses of 2 ultraendurance athletes and 2 nonathletes during a 2-week expedition on Denali (Mount McKinley). METHODS: The severity of acute mountain sickness (AMS) symptoms (Lake Louise AMS guidelines) and pulmonary function parameters (forced vital capacity, forced expiratory volume in 1 second, peak expiratory flow) as ...
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